Category:Egyptian papyri containing images
Pages in category "Egyptian papyri containing images"
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Joseph Smith Papyri – The Joseph Smith Papyri are eleven Egyptian papyrus fragments which were once owned by Joseph Smith, the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement. Joseph Smith purportedly translated a portion of these papyri into the Book of Abraham, after Smiths death, they passed through several hands and were erroneously presumed by Smiths followers to have reached a museum in Chicago and been destroyed in the Great Chicago Fire. The fragments were acquired in 1947 by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In 1966, Dr. Aziz S. Atiya of the University of Utah noticed that these fragments were part of Smiths collection of papyri. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints acquired the fragments in 1967, the papyrus fragments are parts of some papyri and eleven mummies which were discovered in Thebes by Antonio Lebolo between 1818 and 1822. At that time Lebolo was working as superintendent of archaeological digs for Bernardino Drovetti, sometime between 1822 and his death on February 19,1830, Lebolo arranged to have them sold. The mummies were shipped to New York, where they were purchased by Michael Chandler in 1833, over the next two years Chandler toured the eastern United States, displaying and selling some of the mummies. In July 1835, Chandler brought four mummies and associated papyri to Kirtland, Ohio, although the Rosetta Stone had been discovered in 1799, the ability to read Egyptian was not well developed until the 1850s. Chandler asked Joseph Smith to look at the scrolls and give insight into what was written on them, due to Smiths notoriety. Shortly after examining the scrolls Joseph Smith, Joseph Coe and Simeon Andrews purchased the four mummies and at least five papyrus documents for $2400. After Joseph Smiths death, the mummies and papyri were in the possession of Smiths mother, Lucy Mack Smith and after her death on May 14,1856, Smiths widow, Emma Hale Smith. On May 25,1856, Emma sold four Egyptian mummies with the records with them to Abel Combs, Heusser, the daughter of Abel Combs housekeeper took the papyri to the Metropolitan Museum of Art for evaluation. In 1947 the Metropolitan Museum acquired them from Alices widower, Edward Heusser, Aziz S. Henry G. Fischer, curator of the Egyptian Collection at the Met, stated that an anonymous donation to the Met made it possible for the LDS Church to acquire the papyri. The LDS Church published sepia photographs of the papyri in the February 1968 Improvement Era. Egyptologist John A. Wilson stated that the fragments indicate the existence of at least six to eight separate documents. Another scholar estimated that the fragments constitute roughly one-third of Joseph Smiths original collection of papyri, in addition to the ten fragments that were discovered at the Metropolitan Museum, another fragment was located. The Church Historians fragment was labeled IX by Hugh Nibley and appears on page 40-H of the Improvement Era article, with the image heading, IX. Church Historians fragment and the text, As of 1998, there were twenty-nine known examples of the Book of Breathings, of those twenty-nine, eighteen have vignettes associated with them
2. Joseph Smith Hypocephalus – The Joseph Smith Hypocephalus was a papyrus fragment, part of the original Joseph Smith Papyri, found in the Gurneh area of Thebes, Egypt, around the year 1818. The owners name, Sheshonq, is found in the text on said hypocephalus. Three hypocephali in the British Museum are similar to the Joseph Smith Hypocephalus both in layout and text and were found in Thebes. This image is included as one of several appendices to the Book of Abraham, the Book of Abraham has been considered scripture by members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints since 1880. The location of the document is unknown. Hypocephali are small disk-shaped objects, generally made of stuccoed linen, but also of papyrus, bronze, gold, wood, or clay, hypocephali first appeared during the Egyptian Saite Dynasty and their use continued for centuries. They were believed to protect the deceased, causing the head and body to be enveloped in light and warmth, to the ancient Egyptians, the daily setting and rising of the sun was a symbol of death and rebirth. They were part of the materials created by Egyptians from the Twenty-sixth Dynasty onward. Within the large circle are compartments containing hieroglyphic text and figures which are extracts from Chapter CLXII of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, the circle is divided to represent two celestial hemispheres and the cycle of renewal. As stated by LDS Egyptologist Michael D. Rhodes, A careful examination of Facsimile No and these signs are hieratic, not hieroglyphic, and are inverted, or upside down, to the rest of the text. In fact, they are an accurate copy of lines 2,3, and 4 of the Joseph Smith Papyrus XI. Especially clear is the word snsn, in section 14, and part of the name of the mother of the owner of the papyrus, uby. t, an ink drawing of the hypocephalus in the Church Historians office shows these same areas as being blank. It is likely that these portions were destroyed on the original hypocephalus, there is still some ambiguity regarding how these Egyptian names and text may have been pronounced. The numbers labeling the figures were added to correspond to explanations of the images, the central figure wears the undulating horns of the Ovis longpipes ram, which is symbolic of Khnum, the first creator god. Khnum was the potter who molded the souls and bodies of all living things from the clay of the earth and he was described as the ba of Re, The head of the figure is atypically offset to the right. The crouching body is a typical pose for the god. The characters above and to the left of the head are three ripples of water, a pennant and a diagonal stroke, Triple ripples indicate the global mass of water. Similar to the ripples of, the Primeval Waters or state of being before creation
3. Book of the Dead of Amen-em-hat – Book of the Dead of Amen-em-hat is a seven-metre-long scroll on display at the Royal Ontario Museum. A Book of the Dead is a key funerary artifact in any tomb from Ancient Egypt, the Ancient Egyptians believed that the recently deceased had to navigate a dangerous underworld to reach the afterlife. The Book of the Dead contained spells and prayers that provided guidance, the Book of the Dead in the Royal Ontario Museum is an iconic object in their collection. Purchased in Egypt by Charles T. Currelly, this Book is a scroll that was found in the tomb of Amen-em-hat near Luxor. Restored in 2009, Ahen-em-hats Book of the Dead offers a number of unique images, fragments of the scroll are on permanent display in the Egyptian Gallery. The larger sections of papyrus, most notably a large and detailed illustration of the Hall of Judgment scene, were on display during the spring of 2009, Amen-em-hat was a wealthy Egyptian living near Luxor during the Ptolemaic Period. Very little is known about him, his profession and his family, scenes on the fragments suggest he had a knowledge of farming and fishing
4. Book of the Dead of Nehem-es-Rataui – The Book of the Dead of Nehem-es-Rataui is, along with the Papyrus Brocklehurst, the most important papyrus in the collection of the Museum August Kestner in Hanover. It contains one of the traditional versions of the Egyptian Book of the Dead. The book derives from Thebes and is dated to the Ptolemaic period, the papyrus was among the grave goods of the Singer of Amun, Nehem-es-Rataui. The Papyrus was written in Hieratic script, completely in black ink, originally the 21 centimetre high document had a length of 715 centimetres - that is,15 pages.64 m, which includes the central scene. The very tight combination of the important Egyptian deities in the scene is notable. On a lotus bloom between Osiris and Thoth stand the four sons of Horus, the deceased is at the right, accompanied by two goddesses. At other points, the text is broken up by small images, another large image is located to the left of the main image, divided into four smaller images. Günter Burkard, Hans-Werner Fischer-Elfert, Ägyptische Handschriften, steiner, Stuttgart 1994, p.214, n. Hans-Georg Dettmer, „… den Sinn für das Schöne erwecken …“, kestner-Museum Hannover, Hannover 1998, ISBN 3-924029-28-8, pp. 63–65. Christian E. Loeben, Die Ägypten-Sammlung des Museum August Kestner und ihre Verluste, leidorf, Rahden 2011, ISBN 978-3-86757-454-9, p.181
5. Turin Papyrus Map – The Turin Papyrus Map is an ancient Egyptian map, generally considered the oldest surviving map of topographical interest from the ancient world. It is drawn on a papyrus discovered at Deir el-Medina in Thebes, collected by Bernardino Drovetti in Egypt sometime before 1824 AD. The map was drawn about 1160 BC by the well-known Scribe-of-the-Tomb Amennakhte and it was prepared for Ramesses IVs quarrying expedition to the Wadi Hammamat in the Eastern Desert, which exposes Precambrian rocks of the Arabian-Nubian Shield. The purpose of the expedition was to obtain blocks of bekhen-stone to be used for statues of the king, the top of the map is toward the south and the source of the Nile River. As currently reconstructed in the Turin Museum, the map measures 2.8 m long by 0.41 m wide and this arrangement of the map fragments is currently considered incorrect however. A new and more accurate reconstruction was proposed by Harrell and Brown, the draughtsman clearly and carefully distributed distinctive features in accordance with the reality of a particular area, adding clarity by the use of legends and contrasting colors. In this respect, the Turin Papyrus may be regarded as the earliest known Geographic Information System, the location of the map on the ground has been identified and has been shown to be accurate. Among origami enthusiasts, the map has been considered as the earliest known example of folding, according to origami historian David Lister, the map was mentioned by Profs. Koryo Miura and Masamori Sakamaki, from the University of Tokyo, however, the vertical creases on the papyrus are most likely not folding marks, as believed by Miura and Sakamaki, but just the result of normal wear and aging of a papyrus scroll. Prof. Harrells description of Turin Papyrus, with figures Turin Museum Mining in Ancient Egypt Ancient maps
6. Papyrus of Ani – The Papyrus of Ani is a papyrus manuscript with cursive hieroglyphs and color illustrations created c.1250 BCE, in the 19th dynasty of the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt. The Papyrus of Ani is the manuscript compiled for the Theban scribe Ani, note, Divisions vary based on compilations, Sections are groups of related sentences, Titles are not original to the text. Ogden Goelet, Translation by Dr. Raymond O. Faulkner, Preface by Carol Andrews, Featuring Integrated Text and Full Color Images, c1994, contains, Map Key to the Papyrus, Commentary by Dr. Ogden Goelet, Selected Bibliography, and Glossary of Terms and Concepts. Eternal Egypt, Masterworks of Ancient Art from the British Museum, the Egyptian Book of the Dead, c1895, Dover ed.1967. Egyptian Text Transliteration and Translation, Introduction, etc. by Sir E. A. Wallis Budge, the Egyptian Book of the Dead. This article is about an item held in the British Museum