Pages in category "Eid (Islam)"
The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 14 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 14 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Eid al-Adha – Eid al-Adha, also called the Sacrifice Feast, is the second of two Muslim holidays celebrated worldwide each year, and considered the holier of the two. It honors the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son, as an act of submission to Gods command, before he sacrificed his son God intervened by sending his angel Jibrail, who then put a sheep in his sons place. In the Islamic lunar calendar, Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, in the international calendar, the dates vary from year to year drifting approximately 11 days earlier each year. Eid al-Adha is the latter of the two Eid holidays, the former being Eid al-Fitr, the word Eid appears once in Al-Maida, the fifth sura of the Quran, with the meaning solemn festival. Like Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha begins with a prayer of two followed by a sermon. Eid al-Adha celebrations start after the descent of the Hujjaj, the performing the Hajj, from Mount Arafat. Eid sacrifice may take place until sunset on the 13th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the days of Eid have been singled out in the Hadith as days of remembrance and considered the holiest days in the Islamic Calendar. Another Arabic word for sacrifice is Qurbani The Semitic root Q-R-B means to be close to someone/something, other words from the root include qarov, close, the senses of root meaning to offer suggest that the act of offering brings one closer to the receiver of the offering. The same stem is found in Hebrew and for example in the Akkadian language noun aqribtu act of offering, Eid al-Kabir, an Arabic term meaning the Greater Eid, is used in Yemen, Syria, and North Africa. The term was borrowed directly into French as Aïd el-Kebir, translations of Big Eid or Greater Eid are used in Pashto, Kashmiri, Urdu and Hindi, Tamil and Malayalam. Albanian, however, uses Bajram i vogël or the Lesser Eid as a reference to Eid al-Adha. This term is borrowed into other Indian languages, such as Tamil Bakr Īd Peru Nāl. Some names refer to the fact that the holiday occurs after the culmination of the annual Hajj, such names are used in Malaysian and Indonesian (Hari Raya Haji Hajj celebration day, Lebaran Haji, Lebaran Kaji. When this was not yet an official feast in the Philippines, when it became a legal holiday in 2009, it became officially known as Eid al-Adha. Some also reference it with local names like Kapistahan ng Pagsasakripisyo in Tagalog. Eid al-Adha has had other names outside the Muslim world, in Spanish it is known as Fiesta del Cordero or Fiesta del Borrego. According to Islamic tradition, the valley of Mecca was a dry, rocky, God instructed Abraham to bring Hagar, his Arabian wife, and Ishmael to Arabia from the land of Canaan. As Abraham was preparing for his journey back to Canaan, Hagar asked him
2. Eid al-Fitr – Eid al-Fitr is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. The religious Eid is the first and only day in the month of Shawwal during which Muslims are not permitted to fast, the holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal, the date for the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on the observation of new moon by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality. Eid al-Fitr has a particular Salat consisting of two Rakats and generally offered in a field or large hall. Other Sunni schools usually have twelve Takbirs, seven in the first and this Eid al-Fitr salat is, depending on which juristic opinion is followed, Fard فرض, Mustahabb مستحب or mandoob مندوب. Muslims believe that they are commanded by Allah, as mentioned in the Quran, to continue their fast until the last day of Ramadan and pay the Zakat and fitra before offering the Eid prayers. If the moon is not observed immediately after the 29th day of the lunar month. Before the advent of Islam in Arabia, there is mention of festivals as well as some others among the Arabs, the Israelites had festivals as well, some directly prescribed in the Old Testament and others commemorating important days of their history. Eid al-Fitr was originated by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and it is observed on the first of the month of Shawwal at the end of the month of Ramadan, during which Muslims undergo a period of fasting. According to certain traditions, these festivals were initiated in Medina after the migration of Muhammad from Mecca, anas reports, When the Prophet arrived in Madinah, he found people celebrating two specific days in which they used to entertain themselves with recreation and merriment. He asked them about the nature of these festivities at which they replied that these days were occasions of fun, Eid al-Fitr is celebrated for one, two or three days. Common greetings during this holiday are the Arabic greeting ‘Eid Mubārak or ‘Eid Sa‘īd. In addition, many countries have their own greetings in the local language – in Turkey, for example, Muslims are also encouraged on this day to forgive and forget any differences with others or animosities that may have occurred during the year. It is forbidden to fast on the Day of Eid and it is customary to acknowledge this with a small sweet breakfast, preferably of date, before attending a special Eid prayer. As an obligatory act of charity, money is paid to the poor and you can speak once youve left the Masjid, or mosque or any other place you were praying. Say Eid Mubarak to other Muslims Muslims recite the following incantation in a low voice while going to the Eid prayer, Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, lā ilāha illà l-Lāh wal-Lāhu akbar, Allahu akbar walil-Lāhi l-ḥamd. Recitation ceases when they get to the place of Eid or once the Imam commences activities, Muslims are recommended to use separate routes to and from the prayer grounds. No call to prayer is given for this Eid prayer, the Eid prayer is followed by the sermon and then a supplication asking for Allahs forgiveness, mercy, peace and blessings for all living beings across the world
3. Chaand Raat – Once the moon is sighted, people wish each other Chaand Raat Mubarak or Eid Mubarak. Women and girls decorate their hands with mehndi, and people prepare desserts for the day of Eid. City streets have a look, and brightly decorated malls. Chaand Raat is celebrated festively and passionately by Muslims all over South Asia, and in socio-cultural significance, the term is derived from the Sanskrit words candrá moon and rā́tri night. Although Chaand Raat celebrations are linked with both kinds of Eid, they have their origin in Eid ul-Fitr, which is celebrated on the 1st of Shawwal. As the beginning of an Islamic month depends on the first sighting of the lunar crescent, the term Chaand Raat refers to the evening on which first lunar crescent of the month of Shawwal is observed. As the exact day of an Eid ul-Fitr is a matter of debate, because of the uncertainty of the Islamic calendar, therefore, its Chaand Raat is considered more festive than that of Eid ul-Adha. The biggest Chand Raat Events, called Chand Raat Eid Festival are held in Australias cities of Sydney, Melbourne, Chaand Raat of Eid ul-Adha is not celebrated by all Muslims of South Asia, partly because these celebrations are mostly related to Eid ul-Fitr. Official Chand Raat in Australia Official Chand Raat Mela in Virginia New Jersey Chand Raat Official Website Moon sighting curves
4. Eid cuisine – Both festivals of Eid celebrated in the Muslim world include special cuisines of the countries and localities. Eid-ul-Fitr is also known as Sweet Eid because of the amount, india, Pakistan, Iran, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and Bangladesh have traditional dishes to celebrate Eid. The breakfast of Eid-ul-Fitr are sweet dishes, including Sheer Khurma, the pasta and dates, cooked separately in milk, are also consumed as breakfast before offering Eid Prayer. Depending on the locality, the types and forms of the cuisine vary but are always sweet dishes, in South Asia, cham cham, Barfi, Gulab Jamun, and different forms of cakes as well as ras malai are popular. These are not only consumed inside houses but also presented to relatives, baklava and other types of pastry type sweets are eaten in Turkey. Ketupat is commonly served during Eid in Indonesia, eid-ul-Adha is the Salty Eid because a larger variety of dishes than those served during Eid-ul-Fitr are savoury, including beef or mutton depending on the animal slaughtered in the house. The presents offered to friends, relatives, and the poor of the society include the meat of the slaughtered animal, the fried liver of the animal is used as breakfast and different dishes include different varieties of kebabs, haleem, Korma, and other varieties. Rice dishes, including different forms of Pulao and Biryani, are very popular in South Asia. Kokoreç, which is made from intestines, may also be eaten in Turkey, soft drinks are also popular beverages on both these occasions
5. Eid prayers – Eid prayers, also known as Salat al-Eid and Salat al-Eidain, is the special prayer offered to commemorate two Islamic festivals. Both the Eids are collectively known as Eidain in the Arabic language, the two Islamic festivals are, Eid al-Fitr, which is celebrated on the 1st day of Shawwal, the 10th month of the Islamic calendar. Eid al-Adha, which is celebrated on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, different scholars interpret the importance of this salat differently. Salat al-Eid is Wajib according to Hanafi scholars, Sunnah al-Mukkadah according to Maliki and Shafi jurisprudence, some scholars say it is fard al-ayn and some say it is fard al-kifaya. Muslim women are encouraged to participate in Salat al-Eid, Muslim women are supposed to pray in a different place or room away from Muslim men. The time of Salat al-Eid begins when the sun reaches approximately two meters above the horizon until it reaches its meridian before Dhuhr and this has been a proved Sunnah and has been well recorded in Hadith books. The time for the Eid prayer begins from the time the sun is 3 m from the horizon until the sun reaches its meridian, the Eid prayer consists of two rakat during which it is to pronounce six extra takbir. Three takbir are pronounced after the opening takbir and before the Quranic recital in the first rakah, while during the second rakah, one is to raise ones hands during each pronouncement of the extra takbir. The khutbah after Salat al-Eid is not fardh but is sunnah and listening to it is Wajib
6. Eidgah – Eidgah or Idgah is the term used in south Asian Islamic culture for the open-air gathering place usually outside the city to perform the Salat al Eid for Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. It is usually a place that isnt used as a mosque at other times of the year. At the end of the month of Ramadan, Muslims celebrate by first offering prayers at an Eidgah. It is a open ground for people to assemble and offer their prayers early in the morning on the Eid day. Although the term eidgah is of South Asian origin, Muslims around the world generally perform Eid prayers on similar pieces of open ground and it was a practice of Muhammad to perform the Eid salaah in an open space on the outskirts of the city. Hence, it is considered a sunnah to perform Eid salaah at the Eidgah, the very first Eidgah was at the outskirts of Medina nearly 1,000 footsteps from Masjid al Nabawi. There are several guidelines for Eidgahs in Sharia, complying to the Sunnah, performing of the Eid Salaah on the outskirts of the town is better and more virtuous, than performing it in the town. The Eid Salaah performed in the Masjid is complete, but performing it in the Eidgah is Sunnah, without any valid excuse, not to read the Eid Sunnah in the Eidgah is contrary to the Sunnah. The Eid Salaah should be a gathering on the outskirts of the town. In this way the brotherhood of Islam is manifested, but as far as possible, one huge gathering is superior compared to many small Eidgahs. Performing of the Eid Salaah in the Eidgah is Sunnat-e-Muakkadah, without any valid excuse, the one who does not perform his Eid Salaah in the Eidgah is worthy of being reprimanded and taken to task and this kind of a person is a sinner. If the Eidgah is a distance away and it is inconvenient for the old and sickly and it was founded over a century ago and is host to many international visitors. Eidgah Shareef is also the frequent host of religious gatherings known as Milaad Paaks, a Milaad Paak is a series of presentations by scholars and by “reciters” who present religious material in solo a capella. At the largest of these, such as the Urs Paak more than 1,000,000 visitors crowd the grounds of Eidgah Shareef, about four million followers from all parts of Pakistan and about 500,000 more in the UK are sympathetic to this shrine. The custodian of Eidgah Shareef is Shaykh Hafiz Muhammad Naqib-Ur Rehman, the Shaykh advances the mission and teachings of Eidgah Shareef with the assistance of his son Sahibzada Muhammad Hassan Haseeb Ur Rehman, known to the devotees of Eidgah Shareef as “Sa’ab Ji”. Pir Sa’ab’s ancestors, the previous Custodians of Eidgah Shareef, were all Sufi Masters, in about 1960, the family gave Pakistan a large proportion of the lands that were used to establish Pakistan’s planned capital city, Islamabad, located not far from Rawalpindi. The Tumkur Eidgah, located approximately 70 kilometeres from Bangalore, is unique, designed and built by Dr. Nazeer Ahmed, a space scientist, it has built into it subtleties that go beyond the ordinary. First, the divine name “Allah” is built into the structure, read right to left as is its reflection, the reflection suggests the world is illusory and is only a reflection of the heavens
7. Lebaran – Lebaran or Idul Fitri is the popular name for Eid al-Fitr in Indonesia and is one of the major national holidays in the country. Lebaran holiday officially lasts for two days in the Indonesian calendar, although the government usually declares a few days before, many individuals or families, especially Muslims take paid time off from their workplace during these days. Idul Fitri is Indonesian spelling of Arabic Eid al-Fitr, while lebaran is localized name for this festive occasion, the etymology is not clear. Another theory suggested, lebaran is derived from Betawi, lebar which means wide and broad, madurese people have also a similar word called lober to describe the completion of Ramadhan fast. It is also possible the word derived from the word luber > luber-an > lebaran. The term lebaran usually used specific to describe Eid al-Fitr Islamic holiday, however in terms it sometimes used to describe similar festivals. For example, in Indonesian the term lebaran haji is informally used to describe Eid al-Adha, Christmas however, although bearing similarity in abundance of foods, is never referred to as lebaran, but just Natal or natalan instead. The asking and giving for forgiveness during Eid ul Fitr is quite unique among Indonesian Muslims, most of world Muslims would only expressed Eid Mubarak. Other lebaran traditions that uniquely local and derived from Javanese traditions are sungkem, sungkem is Javanese tradition to ask for blessing and forgiveness from parents, grandparents and elders. The parents sitting on the chair while the children and youngsters bowing deep with their nose tip touches their hands that rest upon parents laps and it is the sign of humility, expressing dedication and honoring parents and elders. Another tradition is consuming ketupat or kupat in Javanese language, the tradition on preparing and consuming ketupat during lebaran is believed to be introduced by Sunan Kalijaga, one of Wali Songo that spread Islam in Java, as it contains some symbolism. It is believed that kupat means ngaku lepat or admitting ones mistakes in Javanese, other than Java, the tradition on consuming ketupat during Eid ul Fitr is also can be found throughout Indonesia, from Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara, also to neighboring Malaysia. The mandated amount of this salary bonus differs by region, for example, within the Jakarta region it must not be less than one months full salary paid in advance of Idul Fitri, in addition to the employees regular salary. Thus, Idul Fitri is also a paid holiday, breaching or withholding THR is a very serious labour law infraction and punished severely, regardless of employer status or position. Other than shopping for food and kue kering for Lebaran, Indonesians usually will buy and wear new clothes. Lebaran also creates special occasions for shopping that often generate seasonal retail business, as the result retail businesses will try to attracts shoppers with special Lebaran discounts, Lebaran-themed decorations, and playing joyous Lebaran-themed or Islamic musics in their stores. The festive shopping feel is similar with Christmas for Christians, however the things bought, is rather for oneself. Many banks, government and private offices are closed for the duration of the Lebaran festivities and this is known in Indonesia as mudik or pulang kampung
8. Qurbani – Qurbānī, or uḍḥiyyah as referred to in Islamic law, is the sacrifice of a livestock animal during Eid al-Adha. The word is related to the Hebrew qorbān offering and Syriac qurbānā sacrifice, in Islamic law, udhiyyah would refer to the sacrifice of a specific animal, offered by a specific person, on specific days to seek Gods pleasure and reward. The word qurban appears thrice in the Quran, once in reference to animal sacrifice and twice referring to sacrifice in the sense of any act which may bring one closer to God. In contrast, dhabīḥah refers to normal Islamic slaughter outside the days of udhiyyah, Islam traces the history of sacrifice back to Abel and Cain, whose story is mentioned in the Quran. Abel was the first human being to sacrifice an animal for God, ibn Kathir narrates that Abel had offered a sheep whilst his brother Cain offered part of the crops of his land. The ordained procedure of God was that a fire would descend from the heavens, accordingly, a fire came down and enveloped the animal slaughtered by Abel thus accepting the sacrifice of Abel while Cains sacrifice was rejected. This led to jealousy on the part of Cain resulting in the first human death when he murdered his brother Abel, after much repentance and remorse, Cain was forgiven by God. The practice of qurbani can be traced back to Abraham, who dreamt that God ordered him to sacrifice his son, Abraham agreed to follow Gods command and perform the sacrifice, however, God intervened and informed him that his sacrifice had been accepted. Unlike the Bible, there is no mention in the Quran of an animal replacing the boy, from that day onward, every Eid al-Adha once a year, Muslims around the world slaughter an animal to commemorate Abrahams sacrifice and to remind themselves of abnegation. The philosophy behind udhiyyah is that it is a demonstration of submission to God, complete obedience to Gods will or command, Abraham demonstrated this spirit of submission and sacrifice in the best possible manner. When confronted with the challenge of love and allegiance, he chose to submit unconditionally to God and suppressed personal desire and love for his family and child. In Islam, the sacrifice of an animal is legal from the morning of the 10th to sunset of the 12th Dhu l-Hijjah, on these days Muslims all over the world offer Qurbani which means a sacrifice/ slaughter of an animal on specific days for the pleasure of Allah. It is understood as a repetition of Ibrahims sacrifice of a ram in place of his son, a crucial notion in Judaism. Most schools of fiqh accept that the animal must be slaughtered according to the laws of dhabihah, qorban Dhabihah Dušni Brav Principles of Udhiyyah