Category:Engineers from California
Pages in category "Engineers from California"
The following 82 pages are in this category, out of 82 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 82 pages are in this category, out of 82 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Electrical engineers – Electrical engineering is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. This field first became an occupation in the later half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone. Subsequently, broadcasting and recording media made electronics part of daily life, the invention of the transistor, and later the integrated circuit, brought down the cost of electronics to the point they can be used in almost any household object. Electrical engineers typically hold a degree in engineering or electronic engineering. Practicing engineers may have professional certification and be members of a professional body, such bodies include the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the Institution of Engineering and Technology. Electrical engineers work in a wide range of industries and the skills required are likewise variable. These range from basic circuit theory to the management skills required of a project manager, the tools and equipment that an individual engineer may need are similarly variable, ranging from a simple voltmeter to a top end analyzer to sophisticated design and manufacturing software. Electricity has been a subject of scientific interest since at least the early 17th century and he also designed the versorium, a device that detected the presence of statically charged objects. In the 19th century, research into the subject started to intensify, Electrical engineering became a profession in the later 19th century. Practitioners had created an electric telegraph network and the first professional electrical engineering institutions were founded in the UK. Over 50 years later, he joined the new Society of Telegraph Engineers where he was regarded by other members as the first of their cohort, Practical applications and advances in such fields created an increasing need for standardised units of measure. They led to the standardization of the units volt, ampere, coulomb, ohm, farad. This was achieved at a conference in Chicago in 1893. During these years, the study of electricity was considered to be a subfield of physics. Thats because early electrical technology was electromechanical in nature, the Technische Universität Darmstadt founded the worlds first department of electrical engineering in 1882. The first course in engineering was taught in 1883 in Cornell’s Sibley College of Mechanical Engineering. It was not until about 1885 that Cornell President Andrew Dickson White established the first Department of Electrical Engineering in the United States, in the same year, University College London founded the first chair of electrical engineering in Great Britain. Professor Mendell P. Weinbach at University of Missouri soon followed suit by establishing the engineering department in 1886Electrical engineers – Electrical engineers design complex power systems...
2. Mechanical engineers – Mechanical engineering is the discipline that applies the principles of engineering, physics, and materials science for the design, analysis, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the branch of engineering that involves the design, production and it is one of the oldest and broadest of the engineering disciplines. The mechanical engineering field requires an understanding of areas including mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis. Mechanical engineering emerged as a field during the Industrial Revolution in Europe in the 18th century, however, Mechanical engineering science emerged in the 19th century as a result of developments in the field of physics. The field has evolved to incorporate advancements in technology, and mechanical engineers today are pursuing developments in such fields as composites, mechatronics. Mechanical engineers may work in the field of biomedical engineering, specifically with biomechanics, transport phenomena, biomechatronics, bionanotechnology. Mechanical engineering finds its application in the archives of various ancient, in ancient Greece, the works of Archimedes deeply influenced mechanics in the Western tradition and Heron of Alexandria created the first steam engine. In China, Zhang Heng improved a water clock and invented a seismometer, during the 7th to 15th century, the era called the Islamic Golden Age, there were remarkable contributions from Muslim inventors in the field of mechanical technology. Al-Jazari, who was one of them, wrote his famous Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices in 1206 and he is also considered to be the inventor of such mechanical devices which now form the very basic of mechanisms, such as the crankshaft and camshaft. Newton was reluctant to publish his methods and laws for years, gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz is also credited with creating Calculus during the same time frame. On the European continent, Johann von Zimmermann founded the first factory for grinding machines in Chemnitz, education in mechanical engineering has historically been based on a strong foundation in mathematics and science. Degrees in mechanical engineering are offered at universities worldwide. In Spain, Portugal and most of South America, where neither B. Sc. nor B. Tech, programs have been adopted, the formal name for the degree is Mechanical Engineer, and the course work is based on five or six years of training. In Italy the course work is based on five years of education, and training, in Greece, the coursework is based on a five-year curriculum and the requirement of a Diploma Thesis, which upon completion a Diploma is awarded rather than a B. Sc. In Australia, mechanical engineering degrees are awarded as Bachelor of Engineering or similar nomenclature although there are a number of specialisations. The degree takes four years of study to achieve. To ensure quality in engineering degrees, Engineers Australia accredits engineering degrees awarded by Australian universities in accordance with the global Washington Accord, before the degree can be awarded, the student must complete at least 3 months of on the job work experience in an engineering firm. Similar systems are present in South Africa and are overseen by the Engineering Council of South AfricaMechanical engineers – Mechanical engineers design and build engines, power plants, other machines...
3. Mitch Altman – He is also Chief Scientist and CEO of Cornfield Electronics. Altman grew up in Rogers Park, Chicago, Illinois, after kindergarten his family moved to Highland Park, Illinois. Altman graduated from Deerfield High School in 1975, Altman is an alumnus of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, where he earned an undergraduate degree and a masters degree in electrical engineering. While at the University of Illinois, Altman co-organized the first Hash Wednesday in Champaign-Urbana in 1977, Altman moved to the San Francisco Bay Area in 1986 to work in Silicon Valley. Altman was a developer of Virtual Reality technologies, working at VPL Research with Jaron Lanier. Altman left VPL Research in protest when it accepted contracts with the United States Department of Defense, Altman co-founded Silicon Valley start-up 3ware in February 1997 with J. Peter Herz and Jim MacDonald. Altman started Cornfield Electronics as a consulting company, after the launch of TV-B-Gone Altman gave the company the tagline We make Useful Electronics for a Better World. In 2004 Altman released a universal remote control called TV-B-Gone. Altman used money from the sale of 3ware to pay for the manufacture of the first 20,000 units of TV-B-Gone, by February 2014, he was reported to have sold more than 500,000 units. He is currently selling the TV-B-Gone generation 4 and he also invented a new product called the TV-B-Gone SHP. Mitch Altman is an important figure in the international hackerspace and maker movements, in October 2008 he co-founded Noisebridge, which was probably the third hackerspace formed in the US. Mitch Altman on Reddit, July 29th,2012Mitch Altman – Mitch Altman at the Chaos Communication Camp 2011
4. Anita Borg – Anita Borg was an American computer scientist. She founded the Institute for Women and Technology and the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing and she was born Anita Borg Naffz in Chicago, Illinois. She grew up in Palatine, Illinois, Kaneohe, Hawaii, Borg got her first programming job in 1969. Although she loved math while growing up, she did not originally intend to go into computer science and she earned a doctorate in computer science from New York University in 1981. Her dissertation was on operating system synchronization efficiency, Borg spent four years building a fault tolerant Unix-based operating system, first for Auragen Systems Corp. of New Jersey and then with Nixdorf Computer in Germany. In 1986, she working for Digital Equipment Corporation, where she spent 12 years. While at Digital Equipment, she developed and patented a method for generating complete address traces for analyzing and designing high-speed memory systems and her experience running the ever-expanding Systers mailing list, which she founded in 1987, led her to work in email communication. As a consultant engineer in the Network Systems Laboratory under Brian Reid, she developed MECCA, in 1997, Borg left Digital Equipment Corporation and began working as a researcher in the Office of the Chief Technology Officer at Xerox PARC. Soon after starting at Xerox, she founded the Institute for Women and Technology, Borg passionately believed in working for greater representation of technical women. Her goal was to have 50% representation for women in computing by 2020 and she strove for technical fields to be places where women would be equally represented at all levels of the pipeline, and where women could impact, and benefit from, technology. In 1987, Borg founded Systers, the first email network for women in technology, while attending the Symposium on Operating Systems Principles, she was struck by how few women were present at the conference. She and six or seven other women met in the ladies room, a dozen of the women at the conference made plans to eat lunch together, and that is where the idea for Systers was formed. Systers was established to provide a space for its members to seek input. Systers membership was limited to women with highly technical training and discussions were strictly confined to technical issues, Systers occasionally tackled issues that were not highly technical but pertained to its members. In 1994, Anita Borg and Telle Whitney founded the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing, the first Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing was held in Washington, D. C. in June 1994, and brought together 500 technical women. In 1997, Borg founded the Institute for Women and Technology, two important goals behind the founding of the organization were to increase the representation of women in technical fields and to enable the creation of more technology by women. When founded, the Institute was housed at Xerox PARC, although it was an independent nonprofit organization, the Institute was created to be an experimental R&D organization focusing on increasing the impact of women on technology and increasing the impact of technology on the worlds women. It ran a variety of programs to increase the role of technology, build the pipeline of technical women, in 2002, Telle Whitney took over as President and CEO of the Institute, and in 2003, it was renamed in honor of BorgAnita Borg – Anita Borg
5. Jobst Brandt – Jobst Brandt was an American mechanical engineer, inventor, bicycle enthusiast, educator, and author. Brandt was born in New York City, where his father, the family moved to Palo Alto in 1938. Jobst Brandt studied mechanical engineering at Stanford University, graduating in 1958, after two years of military service in the US Army Corps of Engineers, stationed near Frankfurt, Germany, he found employment at Porsche. His subsequent employers included Hewlett Packard, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, in the late 1980s and early/mid 1990s, the era of the Usenet newsgroup, Jobst Brandt was a prolific contributor to rec. bicycles. tech and other public forums. The Bicycle Wheel book by Jobst Brandt, published by Avocet Archive of rec. bicyclesJobst Brandt – Jobst Brandt (front) in 2008
6. Carl Breer – Carl Breer was an American automotive industry engineer. Along with Fred M. Zeder and Owen Skelton, he was one of the core engineering people that formed the present day Chrysler Corporation and he made material contributions to Tourist Automobile Company, Allis-Chalmers, Studebaker, and was the moving engineer behind the Chrysler AirFlow. He was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame, Breer was born in Los Angeles, California, on 8 November 1883. His father came from a village of the Hartz Mountains in Germany, Breer was the youngest of 9 children in the family. He had 2 sisters and 6 brothers, Breer’s father was born in 1828 and his mother was born in 1840. Breer’s father was a skilled blacksmith refining his skills by traveling from village to village in Germany, at the age of 20, to avoid being selected for a three-year term in the German army, Breer’s father moved to the United States just as he was turning 21. He moved about quite a bit for the first few years while in the United States, but ultimately settled in the Los Angeles area, Breer’s mother was born in Ober-Owerisheim, Baden, Germany, located in the Black Forest. His mother and her sister moved to the United States to join an uncle who had a shipping business on the west coast of the United States. They settled also in the Los Angeles area, Breer’s father and mother married in 1863. Breer participated in the operations at his father’s blacksmith shop when he was a teenager, here he acquired journeyman blacksmith skills. When Breer was 14 years old in 1897 he was given a tour of the Los Angeles Water Works pumping plant by the chief engineer. During the tour he noticed an innovation that Fisher made – a homemade electric generator to generate electricity for light bulbs in the corners of the plant. He would often visit him at the plant on weekends and when out of school and he copied Fishers generator, using it to light his family’s home. This was Breer’s first inspiration for engineering, Breer was 17 years old in 1900 when he was inspired to build a motor-driven car. The inspiration came when he saw a Duryea car in his neighborhood and he confided in Fisher and they decided to build a steam engine for the new car, since Breers blacksmithing experience had given him some understanding of what was needed. Using Stanley Steamer designs from a magazine as a guide, he roughed-out a two-cylinder steam engine. He took the drawings and a model of the cylinder block to a foundry to be cast. When the foundry failed on several attempts to make the casting, Breer asked if he could try using their facilities —, Breer made additional parts needed for the steam engineCarl Breer – Carl Breer (1900, age 17) with homemade two cylinder steam engine for his 1901 car
7. Leroy Chiao – Leroy Chiao is an American engineer, former NASA astronaut, entrepreneur, motivational speaker, and engineering consultant. Chiao flew on three Space Shuttle flights, and was the commander of Expedition 10, where he lived on board the International Space Station from October 13,2004 to April 24,2005 and he is also a co-author and researcher for the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity project. Chiao was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and raised in Danville and he is the son of immigrant Chinese parents. Chiao graduated from Monte Vista High School in Danville in 1978, in 1983, he earned a B. S. in chemical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. He later earned an M. S. and a Ph. D. in chemical engineering from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1985 and 1987, chiao’s parents were both chemical engineers who immigrated to Milwaukee from Taiwan in the late 1950s for graduate school. They wanted their children to retain their Asian values, but also chose to assimilate their son, stressing a science education, his parents encouraged him to follow their lead and become an engineer. Chiaos Aviator call sign is Shandong, upon graduation, Chiao joined the Hexcel Corporation in Dublin, California from 1987 to 1989. Chiao also developed and demonstrated a mechanistic model for graphite fiber. An instrument-rated pilot, Chiao has logged over 2500 flight hours in a variety of aircraft, selected by NASA in January 1990, Chiao became an astronaut in July 1991. He qualified for assignment as a mission specialist. Chiao also served as Chief of the Astronaut Office EVA Branch, a veteran of four space flights, Chiao flew as a mission specialist on STS-65 in 1994, STS-72 in 1996 and STS-92 in 2000. Chiao had logged over 36 days and 12.5 hours in space, including over 26 EVA hours in four space walks, in addition to being fluent in Mandarin Chinese, Chiao learned Russian as part of the International Space Station program. McDonald’s presented Chiao with a Big Mac and French Fries at their branch in Star City as one of his first meals since returning to Earth after his ISS assignment. Among the souvenirs he brought into space in his previous space flights were a Chinese flag, Chiao was the inadvertent developer of the procedure to use the IRED to excite the solar arrays of the ISS. During an exercise session of squats on the ISS, Chiao sent a vibration through the station that caused the solar arrays to ripple – a low amplitude frequency response. When Chiao did this, the response from Mission Control was knock it off, an eventual unplanned spacewalk during the same shuttle mission managed to finally retract the array. Chiao left NASA in December 2005 to pursue employment in the private sector, STS-65 Columbia launched from and returned to land at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, setting a new flight duration record for the Space Shuttle program at that time. The STS-65 mission flew the second International Microgravity Laboratory, during the 15-day flight the seven-member crew conducted more than 80 experiments focusing on materials and life sciences research in microgravityLeroy Chiao – Astronaut Leroy Chiao, mission commander, June 7, 2004
8. Gordon Cooper – Leroy Gordon Gordo Cooper Jr. Cooper piloted the longest and final Mercury spaceflight in 1963. He was the first American to sleep in space during that 34-hour mission and was the last American to be launched alone to conduct an entirely solo orbital mission, in 1965, Cooper flew as Command Pilot of Gemini 5. Cooper was born on March 6,1927, in Shawnee, Oklahoma, to parents Leroy Gordon Cooper Sr. and he was active in the Boy Scouts of America where he achieved its second highest rank, Life Scout. Cooper attended Jefferson Elementary School and Shawnee High School in Shawnee, Oklahoma and he moved to Murray, Kentucky, about two months before graduating with his class in 1945 when his father, Leroy Cooper Sr. a World War I veteran, was called back into service. He graduated from Murray High School in 1945, after he learned that the Army and Navy flying schools were not taking any candidates the year he graduated from high school, he decided to enlist in the United States Marine Corps. Cooper left for MCRD Parris Island as soon as he graduated, however, World War II had ended before he could get into combat. He was assigned then to the Naval Academy Preparatory School and was an alternate for an appointment to Annapolis, the man who was the primary appointee made the grade so Cooper was reassigned in the Marines on guard duty in Washington, D. C. He was serving with the Presidential Honor Guard in Washington when he was released from duty along with other Marine reservists, following his discharge from the Marine Corps, he went to Hawaii to live with his parents. His father was assigned to Hickam Field at the time and he started attending the University of Hawaii, and there he met his first wife, the former Trudy B. Olson of Seattle, Washington. She was quite active in flying, the only Mercury wife to have a pilots license and they were married on August 29,1947 in Honolulu when Gordon was 20. They continued to live there for two years while he continued his university studies. Cooper transferred his commission to the United States Air Force in 1949, was placed on duty and received flight training at Perrin Air Force Base, Texas and Williams AFB. Coopers first flight assignment came in 1950 at Landstuhl Air Base, West Germany and he later became flight commander of the 525th Fighter Bomber Squadron. While in Germany, he attended the European Extension of the University of Maryland. Returning to the United States in 1954, he studied for two years at the U. S. Air Force Institute of Technology in Ohio, and he corrected several deficiencies in the F-106, saving the U. S. Air Force a great deal of money. Cooper logged more than 7,000 hours of flight time and he flew all types of commercial and general aviation airplanes and helicopters. While at Edwards, Cooper was intrigued to read an announcement saying that a contract had been awarded to McDonnell Aircraft in St. Louis, Missouri, to build a space capsule. Shortly after this he was called to Washington, D. C. for a NASA briefing on Project Mercury, Cooper went through the selection process with the other 109 pilots and was not surprised when he was accepted as the youngest of the first seven American astronautsGordon Cooper – L. Gordon Cooper, Jr.
9. Carl Countryman – Carl Countryman was President and Chief Engineer of Countryman & Associates of Menlo Park, California. He died on October 20,2006, Countryman was most recognized for designing a number of complex and effective microphones for performance. He is best known for the E6 earset and Type 85 Direct Box and his work was nominated for the 2002 National Association of Music Merchants Technical Excellence & Creativity Awards. Countryman engineered a number of devices that enabled the multimedia and psychedelic art scenes of the 1960s and 1970s, multimedia artist Tony Martin cited Countrymans custom electronics as key to his cybernetic feedback art in the 1960s. Countrymans electronics coupled photosensors, microphones, and other electronics in two briefcases Martin could use as he staged shows in different cities, Martin cites Countrymans electronic innovations as crucial to his art. In the early 1970s, his piano pickups enabled the Grateful Dead musician Keith Godchaux to use Steinway grand pianos as part of their famous Wall of Sound. The pickups worked similarly to condenser mics, allowing the musicians to produce truly brilliant sound compared to microphone amplification, the pickup technology used the piano string itself as part of the circuit. The technology, developed for the Grateful Dead, became a part of musical performers rigs. Other custom amplification included a clavichord pickup built for keyboardist Jim LoweCarl Countryman – Carl Countryman, 2004
10. Dan Dugan (audio engineer) – Dan Dugan is an American audio engineer, inventor, and nature sounds recordist. He was the first person in regional theatre to be called a designer, and he developed the first effective automatic microphone mixer. Dugans sound design work was acknowledged in 2003 with a Distinguished Career Award by the United States Institute for Theatre Technology, in his youth, Dugan was fascinated by the technical aspects of theatre. He worked as a lighting designer then transitioned to sound design in 1967, Dugan became interested in achieving the automatic adjustment of sound controls after a frustrating experience staging the musical Hair. His first automixer design was not fully practical but his design was successful. Dugan devised an improvement which helped prevent audio feedback in the presence of sound reinforcement loudspeakers. Dugan next produced a design that could be inserted into an existing mixing console. This proved popular for broadcast and live sound applications, each of Dugans subsequent automixer models has been of the insertable type. Dugan first recorded sounds in the late 1960s to augment his sound designs and he continued making recordings, concentrating on capturing the sounds of nature. Dugan records outdoors in a variety of locations including national parks and he has assisted in research related to the harmful effects of human-generated sound in nature. Dugan is a co-founder and current secretary of People for Legal and Nonsectarian Schools, a California non-profit organization incorporated in 1997. Daniel W. Dugan was born in Los Angeles, California, on March 20,1943, after his father, U. S. Navy Commander P. F. Dugan, had been activated for service in the Pacific War. Dan Dugan was raised in San Diego where his parents took him to the Old Globe Theatre, Dugan obtained a four-year scholarship to the University of San Francisco and majored in physics and math. He dropped out in 1963 to pursue stagecraft, specifically lighting design and his early lighting designs include ones for the San Diego National Shakespeare Festival at the Old Globe Theatre, the San Diego Opera, and the Actors Workshop in San Francisco. Dugan changed from lighting design to design in 1967. The state of design at the time was mostly occasional sound effects performed live or played back on record players or tape machines. Dugans first efforts in sound involved designing sound solutions for the Shakespeare festival in San Diego, Dugans complex and atmospheric theatrical soundscapes led to a new title, during ACTs 1968–69 season, he was the first regional theatre person to be called a sound designer. He presented a paper about his design to the Audio Engineering Society at their 37th conventionDan Dugan (audio engineer) – Dan Dugan
11. John Samuel Eastwood – John Samuel Eastwood was an American engineer who built the worlds first reinforced concrete multiple-arch dam on bedrock foundation at Hume Lake, California, in 1908. Eastwoods papers are held at the Water Resources Collections and Archives, University of California, in 1883, he moved to Fresno, California and established an office as civil engineer and surveyor. He became Fresnos first City Engineer in 1885, but apparently was not well suited for office–bureaucratic life, for the remainder of his career he focused on work within the private sector or as a consulting engineer. Early in 1895, he became engineer of the San Joaquin Electric Company. Shortly thereafter, Eastwood became engaged with the Pacific Light and Power Company as engineer in charge of designing a large project on the South Fork of the San Joaquin River. This has since known as the Big Creek Hydroelectric Project. The Pacific Light and Power Company was controlled by the famous financier, Eastwood had great hopes for the Big Creek project, and he planned it to include storage dams to ensure that a drought could not stop its power production. Although Big Creek was for the most part designed prior to 1907, in 1908, while waiting for work on Big Creek to begin, he designed and built the Hume Lake Dam for the Hume-Bennett Lumber Company. This structure is located in the Sierra Nevada about forty-five miles south of Big Creek, the first of its kind, its completion in 1909 demonstrated the practicality of the multiple-arch design. Shortly thereafter, Eastwood received the contract for the design of a dam to supersede the 1884 Big Bear Valley Arch Dam near San Bernardino in Southern California. Unable to pay the assessment on his stock, Eastwood was forced to relinquish his stake in the PL&P Corporation, in the early 20th century, Salt Lake City regularly experienced severe water shortages in mid-winter and late summer. Earlier, Eastwood had built four dams in California and his reputation as dam designer was growing and he was not an armchair engineer, and he spent much of his life in the field working on practical problems of water control. He worked as an engineer until the end of his life. The Eastwood powerhouse at Shaver Lake, California was named after him, built in 1987, the 200 MW pumped storage hydroelectric plant is located underground and was carved out of solid granite. Eastwood designed seventeen dams in his career, one in Utah, one in Arizona, one in British Columbia, Eastwood and the Control of Water in the West, Donald C. Jackson, University Press of Kansas,1996 ISBN 0-7006-0716-1John Samuel Eastwood – Mountain Dell Dam
12. Charles Geschke – Charles M. Chuck Geschke is an American businessman. He is best known as the 1982 co-founder with John Warnock of Adobe Systems Inc. the graphics and publishing software company. Geschke attended Saint Ignatius High School, and earned a BA in classics and he taught mathematics at John Carroll University from 1963 to 1968. Prior to co-founding Adobe, Geschke and Warnock worked at Xeroxs Palo Alto Research Center, Geschke had started there in the early 1970s. Geschke formed and headed PARCs Imaging Sciences Laboratory in 1978 where he directed research activities in the fields of science, graphics, image processing. Unable to convince Xerox management of the value of Warnocks InterPress graphics language for controlling printing. PostScript was marketable as it was machine-independent and extremely flexible, from December 1986 until July 1994 Geschke was Adobes Chief Operating Officer, and from April 1989 until April 2000 he was the companys president. Geschke retired as president of Adobe in 2000, shortly before his partner Warnock left as CEO and he has served as Co-Chairman of the Board of Adobe since September 1997. Geschkes company was ranked as number 1, 069th on the Forbes Global 2000 in 2010, on the morning of May 26,1992, Geschke was kidnapped at gunpoint from the Adobe parking lot in Mountain View, California by two men as he arrived for work. He was held for four days before being recovered from a house in Hollister, on May 31, Geschke was freed when a suspect caught with $650,000 in ransom money led authorities to a bungalow hideout, according to the FBI. The two kidnappers, Mouhannad Albukhari,26, of San Jose, and Jack Sayeh,25, in 1999, Charles Geschke was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery. In October 2006, Geschke, along with co-founder John Warnock received the AeA Annual Medal of Achievement Award, in 2008 he received the Computer Entrepreneur Award from the IEEE Computer Society. In 2009, he won the 2008 National Medal of Technology. Geschke serves on the boards of the San Francisco Symphony, the National Leadership Roundtable on Church Management, the Commonwealth Club of California, and Tableau Software. He serves on the science advisory board of Carnegie-Mellon University, the Board of the Egan Maritime Foundation. He is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering, also, in 1995 he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering, and in 2008 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He recently, in 2010, completed his term as Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the University of San Francisco, in 1964, Charles Geschke married Nan, and the two are still married with children and grandchildrenCharles Geschke – Software
13. Greg Gianforte – Greg Gianforte is an American engineer, businessman, and politician. Gianforte and his wife founded RightNow Technologies, customer-experience software company, the couple is known for their philanthropy and relationships with various Christian and conservative groups including Focus on the Family and The Heritage Foundation. Gianforte holds a B. E. in electrical engineering and an M. S. degree in computer science, Gianforte began his career at AT&T Bell Laboratories and was one of the engineers on AT&Ts StarLAN Network project. Gianforte co-founded Brightwork Development, a developer of network management applications and he sold the business to McAfee Associates in 1994. Gianforte went on to serve as North American VP, where the companys North American sales operation grew from $25 million to more than $60 million in revenues in less than a year. Gianforte founded RightNow Technologies in 1997 which went public in 2004 and was sold to Oracle Corporation for $1.5 billion in 2011, before the sale, RightNow Technologies employed about 500 people at its headquarters in Bozeman, Montana and over 1000 people in total. Gianforte is a member of FICO and chair of the board at Petra Academy. Gianforte was chosen as the 2014 graduation commencement speaker at Montana Tech, the choice of speaker resulted in a protest by students and faculty critical of Gianfortes financial support of a museum promoting young Earth creationism and his opposition to same-sex marriage. Gianfortes personal foundation has ties to groups such as the Heritage Foundation. On January 20,2016, Gianforte announced his candidacy for the Republican Partys nomination for Governor of Montana in the 2016 election, however, he had a political practices complaint filed against him after he allegedly started campaigning before registering. Gianforte ran on a platform that he believed would create a high wage economy in Montana, in a campaign speech that year, Gianforte stated that Facebook had passed over Montana for a call center because of that states business equipment tax. Facebooks spokesman Andy Stone said later that no discussions with Gianforte took place, steve Bullock, the incumbent Democratic governor, defeated Gianforte in the November general election, 50%–46%. On March 1,2017, Republican U. S, representative Ryan Zinke of Montanas at-large congressional district resigned his seat following his confirmation by the United States Senate as United States Secretary of the Interior. Governor Bullock set an election to finish Zinkes term for May 25 that same day. Gianforte had already announced his intention to seek the seat on January 25, prior to Zinkes confirmation, at a March 6 convention, the Republican Party selected Gianforte as their nominee. He will face Democratic musician and former Montana Arts Council member Rob Quist in the general election, in 2006, Gianforte and his wife founded the Gianforte Family Foundation. He, his wife, and his son are the three board members. In 2009, the Gianforte Family Foundation helped fund the $1.5 million creationist dinosaur museum in Glendive, Gianforte received an honorary doctorate from Stevens Institute of Technology and gave the commencement speech in 2012Greg Gianforte – Greg Gianforte
14. William Gorham (engineer) – William Reagan Gorham was an American automobile engineer who emigrated to Japan. In David Halberstams 1986 book The Reckoning, Halberstam states, In terms of technology, Gorham was the founder of the Nissan Motor Company and that In 1983, sixty-five years after arrival. Young Nissan engineers who had never met him spoke of him as a god and could describe in detail his years at the company and his many inventions. Gorham was born in San Francisco, California in 1888 to William J. Gorham and he accompanied his father on business trips to Japan in his youth, and after graduating from Heald College founded Gorham Engineering in San Francisco with his father in 1911. The companys products included hot bulb engines, fire pumps, Gorham moved to Japan with his wife and children in 1918 during World War I. He was initially interested in the industry, but after a year without success shifted his attentions to the automotive industry. At the time, the only two mass-production Japanese automobile manufacturers were Isuzu, and Kaishinsha, founded by Matsujiro Hashimoto, kubota hired Gorham as chief designer, with Gorham designing the vehicles and setting up the manufacturing plants for Gorhams three-wheeled automobile. Jitsuyo Jidōsha and Kaishinsha would later be merged into a predecessor of the Nissan Motor Company, in May 1941, Gorham and his wife renounced U. S. citizenship and naturalised as Japanese citizens. They apparently chose to do this so that they could remain in Japan, during World War II, Gorham continued his engineering work at Hitachi, focusing on multicut lathes and jet engines. Gorham died in 1949 with Mitarai at his bedside, Gorham was married and had two sons, William Jr. and Don Cyril. He later worked for the Otis Elevator Company, and died in 2003, Don was born in Oakland as well in 1918, but attended Tokyo Imperial University after high school and graduated in 1941 with a degree in Japanese language and literature. On the urging of his father, he moved to Washington, D. C. before war with Japan beganWilliam Gorham (engineer) – William Gorham
15. Gene Haas – Eugene Gene Francis Haas is founder, president, and sole stockholder of Haas Automation, a CNC machine tool manufacturer. He also has a presence in motorsports, having founded NASCAR team Haas CNC Racing, Haas graduated from California State University Northridge in 1975 with a Bachelor of Science in Accounting and Finance. He originally majored in engineering but switched to business after Lockheed nearly went bankrupt, ironically, after graduation he was unable to find employment in business that paid more than what he was earning at his summer machine shop job. So, for the few years he worked as a machinist. In 1978, he opened Pro-turn Engineering, a machine shop with two employees, Tony Cortez and Abel Bugarin. In 1980, Haas noticed that it took Bugarin a long time to position an indexer. Haas thought building his own indexer with a motor drive would make his shop more efficient. He built one for himself and few more for other machine shops, in March 1983, he displayed his indexer at WESTEC. After seeing the reaction of attendees, he decided to form Haas Automation to mass-produce them. His first commercial product, the HBI-5C, sold well because it was programmable, in 1986, Haas and a partner were awarded a US Patent for their invention. In 1988 Haas started production on a fully enclosed CNC machining center priced well below the competition, some believed Haas copied or reverse engineered this machine but at the time existing machines were so hard to use that Haas used them as an example of what not to do. Over time, Haas machine tools became extremely popular, mostly because they are simple, very affordable, by 1996, Haas had outgrown its facilities in Chatsworth, California and began a search that ultimately brought it to Oxnard, California. In March 1997, the move was completed into the Oxnard factory, by 2005, the factory had been expanded to 1,000,000 square feet. Haas Automation is now the largest machine tool manufacturer in the US, sales for 2008 reached a record reportedly just under $1 billion worldwide. In 2002, Haas formed a new NASCAR race team, Haas CNC Racing, the first entry for the new team was September 30,2002 with driver Jack Sprague who finished 35th after a crash. The team raced only three times in 2002, by 2003 the team was running full-time with several driver changes over the season. The team won its first race in the then-Busch Series in 2004 with driver Jason Leffler, by 2006 the team had relocated to a new, state-of-the-art facility in Kannapolis, North Carolina and was fielding a full-time two car team in the Cup Series. At the end of 2008, the team was struggling with a total 6+-year average finish of just under 27th placeGene Haas – Gene Haas
16. John Hays Hammond – John Hays Hammond was a mining engineer, diplomat, and philanthropist. Known as the man with the Midas touch, he amassed a fortune before the age of 40. An early advocate of mining, Hammond was given complete charge of Cecil Rhodes mines in South Africa. But after the failure of the Jameson Raid, Hammond, along with the other leaders of the Johannesburg Reform Committee, was arrested. The Reform Committee leaders were released after paying fines, but like many of the leaders. He returned to the United States, became a friend of President William Howard Taft. At the same time, he continued to develop mines in Mexico and California and, in 1923 and his son, John Hays Hammond, Jr. patented over 400 inventions, and is widely regarded as the father of radio control. Hammond was the son of Major Richard Pindell Hammond, a West Point graduate who fought in the Mexican War, Sarah was sister to Captain John Coffee Hays of the Texas Rangers, and had formerly been married to Calvin Lea. The family moved in 1849 to California to prospect in the California gold rush, Hammond took his first mining job as a special expert for the US Geological Survey 1879-1880 in Washington, DC. He returned to California in 1881 to work for Senator Hearst, in 1882, he was sent to hostile country in Mexico, near Sonora, to become superintendent of Minas Neuvas. When a revolution broken out, Hammond barricaded his family in a small house, from 1884-1893, Hammond worked in San Francisco as a consulting engineer for Union Iron Works, Central Pacific Railway and Southern Pacific Railway. In 1893, Hammond left for South Africa to investigate the mines in Transvaal for the Barnato Brothers. In 1894, he joined the British South Africa Company to work with Cecil Rhodes and opened mines in the Rand, in 1895, he was managing Rhodes property in Transvaal, with headquarters at Johannesburg, South Africa. An early advocate of mining, Hammond was given complete charge of Rhodes gold and diamond mines. While working for Rhodes, he made his reputation as an engineer. He continued to work for Rhodes until 1899, but events in Africa would go on to change Hammonds life forever, when Hammond arrived in the Transvaal, the political situation was tense. The gold rush had brought in a foreign population of workers, chiefly British and American. These immigrants, manipulated by Rhodes, formed a Reform Committee headed by Colonel Frank Rhodes, Hammond, shortly thereafter, the Boer government arrested Hammond and most of members of the Reform Committee and kept them in deplorable conditionsJohn Hays Hammond – John Hays Hammond
17. Herbert Hoover – Herbert Clark Hoover was an American politician who served as the 31st President of the United States from 1929 to 1933 during the Great Depression. He was defeated in a landslide in 1932 by Democrat Franklin D, a lifelong Quaker, he became a successful mining engineer around the globe and retired in 1912. In the First World War he built a reputation as a humanitarian by leading relief efforts in Belgium during the war. He headed the U. S. Food Administration during World War I and his reputation as a Progressive businessman fighting for efficiency and elimination of waste was built as the Secretary of Commerce 1921-28. Hoover was a leader in the Efficiency Movement, which held that every institution public and they all could be improved by experts who could identify the problems and solve them. He also believed in the importance of volunteerism and of the role of individuals in society, in the presidential election of 1928, Hoover easily won the Republican nomination, despite having no elected-office experience. Although Hoover never raised the issue, some of his supporters did in mobilizing anti-Catholic sentiment against his opponent Al Smith. He reluctantly approved the Smoot–Hawley Tariff of 1930, which sent foreign trade spiralling down and he believed it was essential to balance the budget despite falling tax revenue, so he raised the tax rates. The economy kept falling, and the unemployment rate rose to 25%, with industry, mining. This downward spiral, plus his support for policies that had lost favor, set the stage for Hoovers overwhelming defeat in 1932 by Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt. Most historians agree that Hoovers defeat in the 1932 election was caused primarily by the downward economic spiral, Hoover became a conservative spokesman for opposition to the domestic and foreign policies of the New Deal. He opposed entry into the Second World War and was not given any role to play, in 1946, President Harry S. Truman liked Hoover and appointed him to survey war-torn Germany which produced a number of reports that changed U. S. occupation policy. In 1947, Truman appointed Hoover to head the Hoover Commission, by the time of his death, he had rehabilitated his image. Nevertheless, Hoover is often ranked by historians as one of the worst U. S. presidents. Herbert Hoover was born on August 10,1874, in West Branch, Iowa, he would become the only President so far born in that state and the first born west of the Mississippi River. His father, Jesse Hoover, was a blacksmith and farm implement store owner, of German, German-Swiss, Jesse Hoover and his father Eli had moved to Iowa from Ohio twenty years previously. Hoovers mother, Hulda Randall Minthorn, was born in Norwich, Ontario, Canada, both of his parents were Quakers. At about age two he contracted the croup and he was so ill that he was momentarily thought to have died, until he was resuscitated by his uncle, John MinthornHerbert Hoover – Herbert Hoover
18. Ben Horowitz – Benjamin Abraham Ben Horowitz is an American businessman, investor, blogger, and author. He is a technology entrepreneur and co-founder and general partner along with Marc Andreessen of the venture capital firm Andreessen Horowitz. He co-founded and served as president and chief officer of the enterprise software company Opsware. Horowitz is the author of The Hard Thing About Hard Things, in the book, published on March 4,2014 by HarperCollins, Horowitz offers advice on building and running a startup. Horowitz earned a BA in Computer Science from Columbia University in 1988, after UCLA, he began his career as an engineer at Silicon Graphics in 1990. In 1995, Horowitz joined Marc Andreessen at Netscape as a project manager, from 1997 to 1998, Horowitz was vice president for the Directory and Security Product Line at Netscape. After Netscape was acquired by AOL in 1998, Horowitz served as Vice President of AOL’s eCommerce Division, in September 1999, Horowitz cofounded Loudcloud with Marc Andreessen, Tim Howes, and In Sik Rhee. Loudcloud offered infrastructure and application hosting services to enterprise and Internet customers such as Ford Motor Company, Nike, gannett Company, News Corporation, the United States Army and other large organizations. Horowitz took Loudcloud public on March 9,2001, in June 2002, Horowitz began a transformation of Loudcloud into Opsware, an enterprise software company. He took the first step by selling Loudclouds core managed services business to Electronic Data Systems for $63.5 million in cash and this transaction transferred 100% of Loudclouds revenue to EDS while the company was publicly traded on NASDAQ. Beginning with EDS as its first enterprise software customer, Horowitz grew Opsware to hundreds of customers, over $100 million in annual revenue. In July 2007, Horowitz sold Opsware to Hewlett-Packard for $1.6 billion in cash, Horowitz was Loudcloud’s and Opsware’s President and Chief Executive Officer for the entire history of the company. Along the way, shares of Opsware IPOed at $6, sank to $0.35 per share at its nadir, on July 6,2009, Horowitz and Andreessen launched Andreessen Horowitz, to invest in and advise both early-stage startups and more established growth companies in high technology. Andreessen Horowitz began with a capitalization of $300 million and within three years had $2.7 billion under management across three funds. Andreessen Horowitz has invested in over 150 companies in mobile, gaming, social media, ecommerce, education, the firms in which Andreessen Horowitz has invested include Facebook, Foursquare, GitHub, Pinterest, and Twitter. On September 1,2009, a group including Andreessen Horowitz announced it had acquired a majority stake in Skype for $2.75 billion. The deal paid off when Skype was sold to Microsoft in May 2011 for $8.5 billion, Andreessen and Horowitz made personal investments in headset maker Jawbone in 2006, the firm announced a $49 million investment in Jawbone in March 2011. The blog is particularly noted for its persistent use of rap lyrics to complement its business advice, Horowitzs book The Hard Thing About Hard Things is based on his blog postsBen Horowitz – Horowitz at the TechCrunch Disrupt conference, May 24, 2010
19. Howard Hughes – Howard Robard Hughes Jr. was an American businessman, investor, pilot, film director, and philanthropist, known during his lifetime as one of the most financially successful individuals in the world. He first made a name for himself as a film producer, later in life, he became known for his eccentric behavior and reclusive lifestyle, oddities that were caused in part by a worsening obsessive–compulsive disorder and chronic pain from a plane crash. As a maverick film tycoon, Hughes gained prominence in Hollywood beginning in the late 1920s, when he made big-budget and often controversial films like The Racket, Hells Angels, later he controlled the RKO film studio. Hughes formed the Hughes Aircraft Company in 1932, hiring numerous engineers and designers and he spent the rest of the 1930s setting multiple world air speed records and building the Hughes H-1 Racer and H-4 Hercules. He acquired and expanded Trans World Airlines and later acquired Air West, Hughes was included in Flying Magazines list of the 51 Heroes of Aviation, ranked at No.25. Today, his legacy is maintained through the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the birthplace of Howard Hughes is recorded as either Humble or Houston, Texas. The date remains uncertain due to conflicting dates from various sources and he repeatedly claimed that his birthday was on Christmas Eve. A1941 affidavit birth certificate of Hughes that was signed by his aunt Annette Gano Lummis and Estelle Boughton Sharp states that he was born on December 24,1905, in Harris County, Texas. Hughes was the son of Allene Stone Gano and Howard R. Hughes Sr. a successful inventor and he was of English, and some French Huguenot, ancestry, and was a descendant of John Gano, a minister who allegedly baptized George Washington. His father had patented the two-cone roller bit, which allowed rotary drilling for petroleum in previously inaccessible places, the senior Hughes made the shrewd and lucrative decision to commercialize the invention by leasing the bits instead of selling them, and founded the Hughes Tool Company in 1909. Hughes uncle was the famed novelist, screenwriter, and film director Rupert Hughes, at a young age, Hughes demonstrated interest in science and technology. In particular, he had great engineering aptitude and built Houstons first wireless radio transmitter at age 11 and he went on to be one of the first licensed ham radio operators in Houston, having the assigned callsign W5CY. At 12, Hughes was photographed in the newspaper, identified as being the first boy in Houston to have a motorized bicycle. He was an indifferent student, with a liking for mathematics, flying and he took his first flying lesson at 14, and later attended math and aeronautical engineering courses at Caltech. The red brick house where Hughes lived as a teenager at 3921 Yoakum St. Houston today serves as the headquarters of the Theology Department of the University of St. Thomas and his mother Allene died in March 1922 from complications of an ectopic pregnancy. Howard Hughes Sr. died of an attack in 1924. Their deaths apparently inspired Hughes to include the creation of a research laboratory in the will that he signed in 1925 at age 19. Howard Sr. s will had not been updated since Allenes death, on his 19th birthday, Hughes was declared an emancipated minor, enabling him to take full control of his lifeHoward Hughes – Howard Hughes in February 1938
20. Allan Lockheed – Allan Haines Lockheed, born Allan Haines Loughead, was an American aviation pioneer and engineer. He formed the Alco Hydro-Aeroplane Company along with his brother, Malcolm Loughead that became Lockheed Corporation, Loughead legally changed his name to Allan Lockheed in 1934. He went on to two other aircraft manufacturing companies in the 1930s. After World War II, he continued his career as a real estate salesman while occasionally serving as an aviation consultant, Allan Lockheed kept an informal relationship with the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation until his death in 1969 in Tucson, Arizona. Allan Loughead was born in Niles, California, in 1889 and he had a half-brother Victor, a sister Hope, and a brother Malcolm Loughead. Flora Loughead was a well-known novelist and journalist, after separating from her husband, Flora took the children to Santa Barbara, California, where the brothers experimented with kites. Later, Flora moved them to a ranch near Alma, California. The Loughead brothers attended elementary school only, but were mechanically inclined from an early age, Victor Loughead, who was interested in automobiles and airplanes, moved to Chicago, where he became associated with James E. Plew, an automobile dealer. There, in 1909, Victor wrote a book, Vehicles of the Air, in 1904, Malcolm became a mechanic with the White Steam Car Company in San Francisco. Allan Loughead went to San Francisco in 1906 where he became a mechanic at $6 a week, by 1909, he was driving race cars. In Chicago, Victor Loughead convinced Plew to acquire rights to one of the Montgomerys gliders, Plew hired Allan Loughead to convert the Montgomery glider to a powered aircraft. The airplane will take over land and water travel. Allan and Malcolm Loughead installed a 2-cylinder,12 hp motor on the Montgomery glider with Victor as engineer. Allan Lougheads first flight was in Chicago in 1910 when he climbed aboard an aircraft and operated its ailerons while its builder, George Gates, operated the rudder. When two of Plews trained pilots couldnt get the Curtiss airborne, Allan said, Ive got a $20 gold piece that says Ill make it fly, there being none, he got the airplane airborne on his second try. Later he said of this flight, It was partly nerve, partly confidence, but now I was an aviator. The Curtis pusher was powered by a 30 H. P. engine, later he said, I was really rich the first week out. Unfortunately, during an exhibition at Hoopeston, Illinois, his airplane failed to climb enough and was entangled in telephone wiresAllan Lockheed – Allan Loughead at controls of F-1 Flying Boat
21. Palmer Luckey – Palmer Freeman Luckey is an American entrepreneur. He is the founder of Oculus VR and designer of the Oculus Rift, Luckey ranks #22 on Forbes 2016 list of Americas richest entrepreneurs under 40. Luckey was born and raised in Long Beach, California, with three younger sisters and his father worked at a car dealership. As a child he was homeschooled by his mother, took sailing lessons and he wrote and served as Online Editor for the universitys student-run newspaper, Daily 49er. During his childhood and teenage years, he experimented with a variety of complex projects including coil guns, Tesla coils. He built a PC gaming rig costing tens of thousands of U. S. dollars with an elaborate six-monitor setup and he had an intense interest in virtual reality, and built an extensive private collection of over 50 different head-mounted displays. To fund these projects, he earned at least US$36,000 by fixing and reselling damaged iPhones and working part-time as a groundskeeper, youth sailing coach, in response, he started experimenting with his own designs in 2009. He completed his first prototype, called PR1, at age 17 in his garage in 2010, which featured a 90-degree field of view, low latency. Luckey developed a series of prototypes exploring features like 3D stereoscopy, wireless and he shared regular updates on his progress on MTBS3D, a forum frequented by a small number of virtual reality enthusiasts. His 6th-generation unit was named the Rift, intended to be sold as a kit on Kickstarter crowdfunding website to fellow enthusiasts. He first started Oculus VR in order to facilitate the launch of the Kickstarter campaign. With the resulting attention of thousands of people drawn to the Rift. Dollars in the Rifts Kickstarter campaign, iribe later joined as Oculus VRs CEO, and Michael Antonov joined as chief software architect. Luckey also demoed the unit to Valve, and received Kickstarter endorsements from Valves managing director Gabe Newell, during the Kickstarter campaign, Luckey demoed the Rift to gamers and the press at many gaming conventions, including PAX, Gamescom, and QuakeCon 2012. The Kickstarter campaign was successful, raising US$2.4 million, Oculus VR was acquired by Facebook in March 2014 for US$3 billion, and although his share is not public, Forbes magazine estimated the founders net worth to be $700 million in 2015. He continued to work at Oculus VR on core VR technology until March 2017, Luckey has become the face of virtual reality in gaming and a celebrity among virtual reality enthusiasts, however, he doesnt consider himself to be a celebrity. He has an appearance, he is frequently barefoot, and prefers sandals to shoes even at trade shows. Luckey lives in a house with several others where they regularly play multiplayer videogamesPalmer Luckey – Luckey at the 2014 Silicon Valley Virtual Reality (SVVR) Conference and Expo
22. Paul MacCready – MacCready, Jr. was an American aeronautical engineer. He was the founder of AeroVironment and the designer of the aircraft that won the first Kremer prize. He devoted his life to developing more efficient transportation vehicles that could Do more with less, born in New Haven, Connecticut to a medical family, MacCready was an inventor from an early age and won a national contest building a model flying machine at the age of 15. MacCready graduated from Hopkins School in 1943 and then trained as a US Navy pilot before the end of World War II. He received a BS in physics from Yale University in 1947, an MS in physics from Caltech in 1948, in 1951 MacCready founded his first company, Meteorology Research Inc, to do atmospheric research. Some of MacCreadys work as a student involved cloud seeding. He started gliding after World War II and was a winner of the Richard C. du Pont Memorial Trophy. In 1956 he became the first American pilot to become the World Soaring Champion and he invented a device that told pilots the best speed to fly a glider, depending on conditions and based on the gliders rate of sink at different air-speeds. Glider pilots still use the MacCready speed ring, with Dr. Peter B. S. Lissaman he created a human-powered aircraft, the Gossamer Condor, and thereby won the first Kremer prize in 1977. The award-winning plane was built out of tubing, plastic foam, piano wire, bicycle parts. In 1979, he built its successor, the Gossamer Albatross and he later created solar-powered aircraft such as the Gossamer Penguin and the Solar Challenger. He was involved in the development of NASAs solar-powered flying wings such as the Helios, MacCready also collaborated with General Motors on the design of the Sunraycer, a solar-powered car, and then on the EV-1 electric car. The completed remote-controlled flying reptile, with a wingspan of 18 feet, was filmed over Death Valley and it flew successfully several times before being severely damaged in a crash at an airshow at Andrews AFB in Maryland. The launch of the model came off well but the radio transmitter link failed. The model nosed over and crashed at the side, breaking at the neck from the force of impact. He was the founder and Chairman of AeroVironment Inc. a public company that develops unmanned surveillance aircraft, AV recently flew a prototype of the first airplane to be powered by hydrogen fuel cells, the Global Observer. MacCready died on August 28,2007 from metastatic melanoma and he was an atheist and a skeptic. Text adapted from Inventing Modern America, paul MacCready at TED Nature vs. humans A flight on solar wings MacCready reflects on being stuck and rescued from the side of a cliff in 1993 Photos and videoclip of MacCreadys pterosaur replicaPaul MacCready – MacCready shows a cross section of the AeroVironment/NASA Helios Prototype wing spar.
23. Tom Mack – Thomas Lee Mack is a former American football player. A native of Cleveland, Ohio, Mack played college football at the end and he was a starter on the 1964 Michigan team that won the Big Ten Conference championship and defeated Oregon State in the 1965 Rose Bowl. He was selected as a first-team All-Big Ten player in 1965 and was inducted into the University of Michigan Athletic Hall of Honor in 2006. Mack was selected by the Los Angeles Rams with the pick in the 1966 NFL Draft. During his NFL career, Mack played in 11 Pro Bowls and he was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1999. Mack was born in 1943 in Cleveland, Ohio, and attended Cleveland Heights High School and he was the son of Ray Mack, a Cleveland native who played Major League Baseball as a second baseman from 1938 to 1947, including eight seasons with the Cleveland Indians. Mack became an Eagle Scout in 1960, and he became a recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award. Mack enrolled at the University of Michigan in 1962 and played football for Michigan Wolverines football teams from 1963 to 1965. As a sophomore in 1963, he played at the end position, after the 1963 season, Mack switched to the tackle position at the suggestion of Michigan coach Bump Elliott. Mack later referred to the change as the big break of my life. As a senior, he started seven games at tackle for the 1965 Michigan team. Mack was inducted into the University of Michigan Athletic Hall of Honor in 2006, while attending Michigan, Mack was a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. Mack was selected by the Los Angeles Rams in the first round, as the second overall pick, during Macks rookie season with the Rams, starter Don Chuy was injured during the fifth game of the season, allowing Mack to move into the lineup. He started eight games during the 1966 season and became a fixture for the Rams at the guard position for the next 13 seasons. During his NFL career, Mack never missed a game due to injury, appearing in 184 consecutive contests, the third longest streak in Rams history behind Merlin Olsen and Jack Youngblood. During Macks career with the Rams, the club enjoyed a.720 winning percentage with a record of 129-48-7, won their division eight times. In 1973, the Rams scored led the NFL with 388 points, in 1974, the Rams lost to the Minnesota Vikings by four points in the 1974 NFC Championship Game, with a controversial penalty call against Mack costing the Rams a touchdown. The Rams had the ball at the line on second down when the Vikings Alan Page made contact with Mack, the referee called illegal procedure on MackTom Mack – Mack from the 1966 Michiganensian
24. Brad Mattson – Brad Mattson is an American engineer and entrepreneur. He started two publicly traded companies, Novellus Systems and Mattson Technology, and has also worked in the solar power industry. He currently serves as Chairman of Siva Power, a thin film solar cell based in Silicon Valley. Mattson was born in Norwood, Massachusetts on October 29,1954 and he graduated from San Jose State University with a BSc in aeronautical engineering. Mattson also holds an MBA in Finance from Santa Clara University, after graduating San Jose State University, Mattson took a job with Applied Materials as a field service engineer. Mattson repositioned his career into product management and marketing, eventually becoming a product manager, in the late 1970s there was no commonly accepted method that would forecast the total cost of ownership that spanned the equipments lifetime once all costs were considered. To help solve this problem Mattson developed a cost of ownership model for Applied, Mattson left Applied after about five years and to become VP for the plasma systems group of Laboratory for Electronics in Massachusetts. Mattson resigned his position at LFE in the early 1980s and started his own company, Novellus would eventually achieve a market capitalization over $3B, becoming one of the largest semiconductor equipment companies in the world. In the early 1980s the semiconductor industry was in a downturn and there were many layoffs, so Mattson had difficulty raising outside funding, at Novellus Mattson designed and built the companys first two prototype CVD systems. Eventually Mattson got investment from Monsanto, who sold wafers to the semiconductor industry, with new financing to expand operations, Mattson grew Novellus into one of the top three CVD equipment companies in the late 1980s. Novellus supplied CVD systems to semiconductor producers like Motorola, Advanced Micro Devices, NEC, four years after its founding, Novellus had its IPO on NASDAQ in August 1988. Novellus Systems was acquired by Lam Research in 2011 for $3.3 billion While taking a break from work in the late 1980s, Mattson was working with one company to develop stripping hardware designs for wafers. Mattson become more involved with the company, and the firm was incorporated as Mattson Technology with Mattson as CEO in 1988. Mattson Technology became a traded company in 1994. In 2001, Mattson stepped aside as CEO of Mattson Technology, while at the company, Mattson was a finalist for the Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year Award of Northern California in the High Technology-Electronics category. That same year, Mattson served as a judge for The Tech Awardss Environment category, in 2009 Mattson became a partner at VantagePoint Capital Partners, a venture capital firm that focuses on renewable energy and cleantech. In 2011 Mattson became CEO of Siva Power, but what was then Solexant, Mattson halted the companys plans to build a factory in Oregon, and instead ramped-up R&D to develop copper indium gallium selenide solar technology. After two years Mattson unveiled the new company as Siva Power in 2013, in 2016, former President of First Solar became CEO of Siva Power, with Mattson serving as Executive Chairman of the BoardBrad Mattson – From left, Brad Mattson with Jon Swartz of USA Today, Sarah Frier of Bloomberg, and NBC anchor Scott McGrew on his show Press:Here.
25. Bruce McCandless II – Bruce McCandless II, is an American former naval officer and aviator, electrical engineer, and former NASA astronaut. During the first of his two Space Shuttle missions he made the first ever untethered free flight using the Manned Maneuvering Unit in 1984, McCandless was born June 8,1937, in Boston, Massachusetts. A third generation U. S. Navy officer, McCandless is the son of Bruce McCandless and he graduated from Woodrow Wilson Senior High School, Long Beach, California, in 1954. With his father having been awarded the Medal of Honor, McCandless was assured of being appointed to a military academy. In 1958 he received a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Naval Academy, in 1987 he received a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Houston–Clear Lake. McCandless graduated second in a class of 899 from the U. S. Naval Academy, along with John McCain, subsequently, he received flight training from the Naval Air Training Command at NAS Pensacola, Florida, and NAS Kingsville, Texas. In March 1960 he was designated a Naval Aviator and proceeded to Naval Air Station Key West, Florida, for weapons system, between December 1960 and February 1964 he was assigned to Fighter Squadron 102, flying the Skyray and the F-4B Phantom II. He saw duty aboard USS Forrestal and USS Enterprise, including the participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis. He logged more than 5,200 hours flying time, including 5,000 hours in jet aircraft, McCandless was selected as the youngest member of NASA Astronaut Group 5 in April 1966. According to space historian Matthew Hersch, McCandless and Group 5 colleague Don Lind were effectively treated and he was a CAPCOM on Apollo 11 during the first lunar EVA before joining the astronaut support crew for the Apollo 14 mission, on which he doubled as a CAPCOM. He again served as a CAPCOM on Skylab 3 and Skylab 4 and he was responsible for crew inputs to the development of hardware and procedures for the Inertial Upper Stage, Space Telescope, the Solar Maximum Repair Mission, and the Space Station Program. McCandless logged over 312 hours in space, including four hours of MMU flight time and he flew as a Mission Specialist on STS-41-B and STS-31. Challenger launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on February 3,1984, the flight deployed two communications satellites, and flight-tested rendezvous sensors and computer programs for the first time. This mission marked the first checkout of the Manned Maneuvering Unit, McCandless made the first untethered free flight on each of the two MMUs carried on board, thereby becoming the first person ever to make an untethered spacewalk. After eight days in orbit, Challenger made the first landing on the runway at Kennedy Space Center on February 11,1984. On this five-day Discovery flight, launched on April 24,1990 from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, Discovery landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on April 29,1990. U. S. Naval Academy Alumni Association U. S. Prather Award National Aeronautic Association Collier Trophy Smithsonian Institution National Air, Astronaut Hall of Fame He was awarded a patent for the design of a tool tethering system that is currently used during Shuttle spacewalks. McCandless was married to Bernice Doyle McCandless for 53 years, and his recreational interests include electronics, photography, scuba diving, and flyingBruce McCandless II – Bruce McCandless II
26. Jerry McNerney – Gerald Mark Jerry McNerney /məkˈnɜːrni/ is an engineer, energy specialist, and the U. S. Representative for Californias 9th congressional district, serving in Congress since 2007 and he is a member of the Democratic Party. The district, numbered as the 11th District until 2013, is based in Stockton and includes parts of San Joaquin County, East Contra Costa County, McNerney holds a Ph. D in mathematics. McNerney was born in Albuquerque, New Mexico, the son of Rosemary and he is of Swiss and Irish descent. He attended St. Josephs Military Academy in Hays, Kansas, McNerney served several years as a contractor to Sandia National Laboratories at Kirtland Air Force Base on national security programs. In 1985, he accepted an engineering position with U. S. Windpower. In 1994, he working as an energy consultant for PG&E, FloWind, The Electric Power Research Institute. Before being elected to Congress, Jerry served as the CEO of a 2004 start-up company manufacturing wind turbines, a 1992 article that he co-authored in an IEEE journal is a good example of his writings during this period. 2004 McNerney first ran for Congress against Richard Pombo in Californias 11th congressional district in the 2004 House elections and he entered the race two weeks before the primary election as a write-in candidate. He qualified to be a candidate for the March 2004 primary by one signature. Having no primary opponent, he won the primary and qualified for the November general election ballot as the Democratic nominee and he lost the general election, 61%-39%. 2006 McNerney launched his 2006 campaign early in the fall of 2005, in June 2006 he won the Democratic primary with 52. 8% of the vote, defeating Steve Filson, who had been endorsed by the DCCC, and Stevan Thomas. In late July, Republicans Pete McCloskey and Tom Benigno endorsed McNerney, in September, analysis of the campaign was changed from Republican safe to Republican favored due to the emergence of McNerneys campaign. The report noted a party spokesman says its because they want to win decisively, on October 3,2006, a poll commissioned by Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund was released with McNerney leading Pombo 48 percent to 46 percent. Based on these events, in early October, CQPolitics. com changed their rating of this race from Republican Favored to Leans Republican On November 7,2006,2008 McNerney won re-election 55% to 45% over Republican nominee Dean Andal. 2010 McNerney won re-election 48–47%, defeating Republican nominee David Harmer,2012 For his first three terms, McNerney represented a district that encompassed eastern Alameda County, most of San Joaquin County and a small portion of Santa Clara County. After redistricting, his district was renumbered as the 9th District and it lost its portion of Alameda County, including McNerneys home in Pleasanton, while picking up part of Sacramento County. After the new map was announced, McNerney announced he would move to San Joaquin County in the new 9th, although the new district is somewhat more Democratic than its predecessor, it is influenced by the Central ValleyJerry McNerney – Jerry McNerney
27. William Mulholland – William Mulholland was responsible for building the infrastructure to provide a water supply that allowed Los Angeles to grow into one of the largest cities in the world. The creation and operation of the led to the disputes known as the California Water Wars. In March 1928, Mulhollands career came to an end when the St. Francis Dam failed just over 12 hours after he, William Mulholland was born in Belfast, Ireland. His parents Hugh and Ellen Mulholland were Dubliners and they returned to the city a few years after Williams birth and his younger brother, Hugh Jr. was born in 1856. At the time of Mulhollands birth, his father was working as a guard for the Royal Mail, in 1862, when William was seven years old, his mother died. Three years later his father remarried, William was educated at OConnell School by the Christian Brothers in Dublin. After having been beaten by his father for receiving bad marks in school, at 15, he was a member of the British Merchant Navy. He spent the four years as a seaman primarily sailing Atlantic routes. In 1872 he left the sea and traveled to California and he arrived in Los Angeles in 1877. After arriving in Los Angeles, which at the time had a population of about 9,000, Mulholland quickly decided to return to life at sea, on his way to the port at San Pedro to find a ship, he accepted a job digging a well. In Alta California during the Spanish and Mexican administrations, water was delivered to Pueblo de Los Angeles in an open ditch. The man who tended the ditch was known as a zanjero, in 1880 Mulholland oversaw the laying of the first iron water pipeline in Los Angeles. Mulholland left the employment of the LACWC briefly in 1884 but returned in mid-December of that same year and he left again in 1885 and worked for the Sespe Land and Water Company. As part of his compensation he was granted twenty acres on Sespe Creek, in 1886 he returned to the LAWC and, in October of that year, became a naturalized American citizen. At the end of year he was made the superintendent of the LACWC. In 1898, the Los Angeles city government decided not to renew the contract with the LACWC, four years later the Los Angeles Water Department was established with Mulholland as its superintendent. In 1911, the Water Department was renamed the Bureau of Water Works, Mulholland had a vision of a Los Angeles that would become far bigger than the Los Angeles of the start of the 20th century. The limiting factor to the growth of Los Angeles was its water supply, if you dont get the water, you wont need it, Mulholland famously remarkedWilliam Mulholland – (1924)
28. John Mullan (road builder) – John Mullan, Jr. was an American soldier, explorer, civil servant, and road builder. After graduating from the United States Military Academy in 1852, he joined the Northern Pacific Railroad Survey and he unsuccessfully sought appointment as Territorial Governor of the new Idaho Territory, although he played a significant role in the territorys formation and the establishment of its boundaries. Leaving the United States Army in April 1863, he failed at several businesses before profiting immensely as a real estate dealer, at one point, the law firm he co-founded was the largest land speculator in the state. He later became an agent and lobbyist for the states of California, Nevada, the tarnished reputation he earned as a land speculator, coupled with state politics, led the three states and the territory to deny him most of the income he expected to generate from this business. He died penniless and ill in 1909, Mullan also served from 1883 to 1887 as one of the commissioners of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, a private organization acting as an agent of the federal government. Mullan was born in Norfolk, Virginia, on July 31,1830, to John and he was the oldest son of what would eventually be 11 children. The Mullans moved to Annapolis, Maryland in 1833, John Sr. had enlisted in the United States Army in 1823, and about the time of John Jr. s birth was an ordnance sergeant. John Jr. began attending school in 1839, despite the financial burden of raising so many children, the Mullans were able to finance secondary and higher education for John. He attended St. Johns College in Annapolis, where he studied Greek, Latin, history, mathematics, philosophy, art, rhetoric, navigation, surveying, chemistry, Mullan graduated from St. Johns in 1847 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. He was just 16 years old, in 1845, Secretary of War William L. Marcy transferred the Army post of Fort Severn to the United States Navy, which converted the fort into the United States Naval Academy. At Marcys request, John Mullan, Sr. was assigned to the Navy, probably due to his fathers lengthy career in the Army, John Mullan, Jr. sought admission to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. The Mullan family were Democrats, and John Sr. had briefly served as an alderman on the Annapolis city council and this made the Mullans extremely well-connected politically, and several respected citizens of Annapolis wrote John Jr. glowing letters of recommendation. The entire Democratic delegation in the Maryland General Assembly petitioned President James K. Polk to admit him, in 1848, Mullan traveled to the White House in Washington, D. C. and asked Polk for an appointment to West Point. Sizing up the diminutive but muscular Mullan, Polk reportedly asked, Well, Mullan replied, I may be somewhat small, sir, but cant a small man be a soldier as well as a tall one. Polk, bemused by Mullans audacity, gave him the appointment six weeks later, Mullan entered West Point on July 1,1848. About 70 percent of time at West Point was spent on three subjects, engineering, mathematics, and science. West Point was then the nations preeminent engineering school, and Mullan studied under Dennis Hart Mahan, Mullans was one of the first classes of cadets to learn how to navigate using a compass and odometer. Few cadets engaged in reading at the West Point libraryJohn Mullan (road builder) – John Mullan monument near Bonner, Montana.
29. Elon Musk – Elon Reeve Musk is a South African-born Canadian-American business magnate, investor, engineer, and inventor. As of March 2017, he has a net worth of $13.9 billion. In December 2016, Musk was ranked 21st on Forbes list of The Worlds Most Powerful People, Musk has stated that the goals of SolarCity, Tesla, and SpaceX revolve around his vision to change the world and humanity. He has a brother, Kimbal, and a younger sister. His paternal grandmother was British, and he also has Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry, after his parents divorced in 1980, Musk lived mostly with his father in the suburbs of Pretoria. During his childhood he had an interest in reading and often did so for hours at a time, at age 10, he developed an interest in computing with the Commodore VIC-20. He taught himself computer programming at the age of 12, sold the code for a BASIC-based video game he created called Blastar, to a magazine called PC and Office Technology, a web version of the game is available online. Musk was severely bullied throughout his childhood, and was hospitalized when a group of boys threw him down a flight of stairs. Musk was initially educated at schools, attending the English-speaking Waterkloof House Preparatory School. Musk later graduated from Pretoria Boys High School and moved to Canada in June 1989, just before his 18th birthday, therefore, with the law change, he is considered to have always been a Canadian citizen by birth. At the age of 19, Musk was accepted into Queens University in Kingston, Ontario, Musk extended his studies for one year to finish the second bachelors degree. While at the University of Pennsylvania, Musk and fellow Penn student Adeo Ressi rented a 10-bedroom fraternity house, in 2002, he became a U. S. citizen. In 1995, Musk and his brother, Kimbal, started Zip2, the company developed and marketed an Internet city guide for the newspaper publishing industry. Musk obtained contracts with The New York Times and the Chicago Tribune, while at Zip2, Musk wanted to become CEO, however, none of the board members would allow it. Compaq acquired Zip2 for US$307 million in cash and US$34 million in stock options in February 1999, Musk received 7% or US$22 million from the sale. In March 1999, Musk co-founded X. com, an financial services and e-mail payment company. One year later, the merged with Confinity, which had a money transfer service called PayPal. The merged company focused on the PayPal service and was renamed PayPal in 2001, PayPals early growth was driven mainly by a viral marketing campaign where new customers were recruited when they received money through the serviceElon Musk – Musk at the 2015 Tesla Motors Annual Shareholder Meeting
30. C. L. Max Nikias – Chrysostomos Loizos C. L. Max Nikias became the University of Southern Californias eleventh president in August 2010. He holds the Robert C. Packard Presidents Chair and the Malcolm R. Currie Chair in Technology and the Humanities and he has been at USC since 1991, as a professor, director of national research centers, dean, provost, and now president. He holds faculty appointments in electrical engineering and the classics, and teaches an undergraduate course on the culture of Athenian democracy. Chrysostomos Loizos Nikias was born on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus, there, he graduated with honors from the Famagusta Gymnasium, a school that emphasizes sciences, history, and Greco-Roman classics. He married his wife Niki in 1977, and the couple have two daughters, Georgiana and Maria and he received a degree in electrical and mechanical engineering from the National Technical University of Athens in 1977, and has an academic interest in Athenian drama and democracy. Nikias earned a degree in 1980 and a Ph. D. in 1982 in electrical engineering at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Nikias was appointed to the faculty at the University of Connecticut from 1982 to 1985 and he joined the USC faculty in 1991, the same year that Sample became the universitys president. From 2001 to 2005, he was dean of USCs Viterbi School of Engineering, since 2008, he has held the Malcolm R. Currie Chair in Technology and the Humanities. On March 11,2010, he was chosen by a vote of the universitys board of trustees to succeed Steven Sample as president. The DoD has adopted a number of his innovations and patents in sonar, radar, from 2001 to 2005, Nikias served as dean of the USC Viterbi School of Engineering, solidifying its position as a top-tier engineering school. He directed the expansion of the biomedical engineering enterprise and developed its distance-learning program into one of the largest in the country at that time. He oversaw the development of the schools Tutor Hall of Engineering, from June 2005 to August 2010, Nikias served as USCs provost and chief academic officer. He was instrumental in bringing USC trustee Steven Spielberg’s Shoah Foundation Institute, Nikias also established the universitys Edward R. Roybal Institute on Aging, Stevens Center for Innovation, U. S. -China Institute, and Levan Institute for Humanities and Ethics. He launched Visions and Voices, USCs campus-wide arts and humanities initiative, as well as a grant program to advance scholarship in the humanities, in 2011, Nikias announced a $6 billion fundraising campaign, which—at the time of its launch—was the largest in the history of higher education. USCs campaign has already surpassed the $5.4 billion mark, five of its gifts exceeded $100 million,32 exceeded $25 million, and 64 percent of the total money raised came from non-alumni of the university. The Chronicle of Higher Education has called Nikias a prodigious fundraiser. ”Nikias brought the nations largest literary festival, the Los Angeles Times Festival of Books, to USC. In addition, construction has continued on the USC Village, a 1.3 million-square-foot residential and retail center. ”Over his two-decade career as a scholar, Nikias gained acclaim for his research in the fields of digital signal processing and communications, digital media systems. Some of his research interests have included radar and sonar technologiesC. L. Max Nikias – C. L. Max Nikias on the USC campus
31. Only Won – Only Won is an American rapper, actor, producer and stunt performer. As a hip hop artist, he writes/performs rap, beatboxing and he is also a member of the Screen Actors Guild involved in acting and choreographing stunt work. Only Won started rapping professionally in 1991 after being influenced by hip hop pioneers Run DMC, Will Smith, dcTalk, because he started rapping in both English and Cantonese, some consider him to be the first Chinese American bilingual rapper. This Chinese American rapper has a refreshing and unique sound with a message out of experience. At one point, he was labeled the Christian version of Jin the MC until Jin became a Christian as well, among these things, Only Won is also a professionally licensed mechanical engineer with a PE License deeming him the Lyrical Engineer. The title track of his LP, provides an exposition of the life and it demonstrates Only Wons technological acumen as well as his lyrical wit and dexterity. Signed in 2009 under Los Angeles record label, LOG Records, Only Won has appeared as both a host and musical guest on JCTV and has been featured on collaboration albums. Only Wons release, The Lyrical Engineer is produced by Grammy nominated group Dynamic Twins, Billboard winner Maximillian, the music video was directed and edited by Emmy Award-winning director, Marlon Jones. Only Won and Larissa Lam launched a music video title Cantonese Boy which was a parody of the Grammy winning song American Boy by Kanye West. After being seen performing Cantonese Boy in Chinatown, Only Won was asked to perform at the 2010 Green Globe Film Awards as they honored Asians in film and entertainment. As an actor and member of SAG, he appears in feature films such as The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions, xXx2, State of the Union, Twisted. He has also provided music for the soundtrack of Dead Man Down and he is also an advanced level martial artists having trained under the lineage of Kanbun Uechi and Wong Doc-Fai. He is a 3 time UC Berkeley Wushu Champion in tai chi, weapons and he has used some of his skills in choreographing fight scenes in movies and doing stunt work for Ang Lee in the movie Hulk. On April 29,2010 California State University, Sacramento, honored high-achieving alumni at an award ceremony called the Distinguished Service Awards. This is the highest recognized award for CSU Sacramento, baldwin was recognized for his contributions in engineering, his performances as Only Won, The Lyrical Engineer and other entertainment industry endeavors as well as his work with youth. He received this award alongside KXTV ABC News anchor Cristina Mendonsa, Tai Chiu Music was set up in 2008. After moving its location from Sacramento, California, TCM joined forces with LOG Records, the song became the anthem to those in the engineering, technology, and science community. It also reached No.2 on Reddit. com on the viral hits list, the song Crush em Like Godzilla was inspired by Ed Wang, the first NFL player of full Chinese descentOnly Won – Only Won at a Sacramento California State Fair concert in 2010.
32. Alex Padilla – Alejandro Alex Padilla is an American politician, Democratic Party activist, engineer, and civil servant. He has served as the Secretary of State of California since winning the election on November 5,2014 against Republican Pete Peterson. He served in the California State Senate, representing the 20th District after his election to the position in November 2006, prior to serving in the Senate he served 7½ years on the Los Angeles City Council representing the 7th District. First elected in 1999, he was elected president in July 2001. Padilla is one of three children of Santos and Lupe Padilla, both of whom emigrated from Mexico before meeting and marrying in Los Angeles. Padilla grew up in the community of Pacoima in Los Angeles and is a graduate of San Fernando High School in the northeast San Fernando Valley and he earned a degree in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1994. After graduation, he moved back to Pacoima and briefly worked as an engineer for Hughes Aircraft and he has served as president of the League of California Cities and was its youngest-ever president and the first Latino to lead the league. He serves as chair of the Los Angeles Leadership Council for the American Diabetes Association, Padilla had been a staff member to United States Senator Dianne Feinstein and California State Assembly member Tony Cardenas. On July 1,1999 at the age of 26, Padilla was sworn in as a member of the Los Angeles City Council, two years later his council colleagues elected him council president. Padilla was the first Latino and the youngest person elected president of the Los Angeles City Council, Padilla was elected to the State Senate in 2006 and re-elected in 2010, with nearly 70% of the vote. He left office on November 30,2014, after two terms in the body, on April 11,2013, Alex Padilla, then a term limited State Senator, announced his intention to run for the position. He was expected to face an intraparty battle with fellow Democrat Leland Yee, Padilla won the election in November against Republican Pete Peterson, who was endorsed by the Los Angeles Times, with 53. 6% of the vote. Secretary of State website Official State Senate website State Senate campaign website Padilla profile at JoinCalifornia. com Senator Padillas official YouTube channelAlex Padilla – Alex Padilla
33. C. Kumar N. Patel – Chandra Kumar Naranbhai Patel is an electrical engineer. He developed the carbon dioxide laser in 1963, it is now used in industry for cutting and welding, as a laser scalpel in surgery. Because the atmosphere is transparent to infrared light, CO2 lasers are also used for military rangefinding using LIDAR techniques. From 1993-1999, Patel served as Vice Chancellor for Research at the University of California, Los Angeles, in addition to the carbon dioxide laser, he also developed the spin-flip infrared Raman laser. Patel currently holds 36 U. S. patents relating to lasers, IEEE History Center biography Frederic Ives Medal by the OSAC. Kumar N. Patel – v
34. Carlile Pollock Patterson – Carlile Pollock Patterson was the fourth superintendent of the United States Coast Survey. He was born in Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, the son of Commodore Daniel Todd Patterson and he was appointed a midshipman in the United States Navy in 1830. He studied Civil Engineering at Georgetown College, graduating in 1838 and he left the Navy in 1853 and captained mail steamers in the Pacific Ocean. In 1861, as a civilian, he was appointed as Hydrographic Inspector of the Coast Survey, in 1874, he was made Superintendent of the Coast Survey, a position he held until his death. Patterson was born in Shieldsboro, the son of Captain Daniel Patterson and he was the brother of Admiral Thomas H. Patterson, of Elizabeth Catherine Patterson who married George Mifflin Bache and of George Ann Patterson who married Admiral David Dixon Porter. Patterson married Elizabeth Pearson in 1837 and they had several children, at least three daughters reached adulthood. Patterson was appointed Midshipman on the US frigate Brandywine in 1830 and he was warranted Midshipman in 1831 and Passed Midshipman in 1836. He graduated from Georgetown College in Kentucky as an engineer in 1838. In 1839 he was an officer of the Coast Survey brig Washington when it captured the Spanish slave ship La Amistad and he was commissioned Lieutenant in 1841. He left active service in 1849 and resigned from the Navy in 1853. His ships sometimes carried as many as a thousand gold-seeking men per voyage north during the California Gold Rush and he appears frequently as ship-captain in the reports of the newspaper The Daily Alta California. Shortly after this, Patterson moved his wife and child from Washington and it is unclear, however, if he and his partners actually started a separate ferry line, and if so, how long it operated before being sold to another operator or shut down. He also engaged in real estate investments in San Francisco and San Diego, several more children were born during this time in the Bay Area. In 1861, on the outbreak of the Civil War, the returned to Washington, D. C. and Patterson returned to federal service. The Hydrographic Inspector was in charge of the charting and marine survey work, Pattersons experience and good connections let him step into the role smoothly. During the Civil War, the role of the Coast survey included preparing charts and he remained in the Coast Survey after the war, eventually becoming superintendent of the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey in 1874. It was during that posting in Oregon that Grant eventually, in 1854, as a result of these pre-war and wartime connections, the Pattersons were well-known to Grant and other leading Union officers. Patterson was one of the members of Washingtons Metropolitan Club, which included numerous Union generals, admiralsCarlile Pollock Patterson – Carlile P. Patterson
35. Bhargav Sri Prakash – Bhargav Sri Prakash is an entrepreneur, inventor and engineer of Indian origin who is based in silicon valley. Sri Prakash has worked in gamification, and has developed what he describes as a vaccine for lifestyle problems based on psychological and virtual reality research. He is the founder and CEO of FriendsLearn, and is the Chief of Product for Fooya and he is a former professional Tennis player and junior national champion from India. Bhargav Sri Prakash was born in Chennai, India and he is the son of architect, urban designer and artist Sheila Sri Prakash and M. V. He was the top ranked junior Tennis player in the nation in the early 1990s and he also played in international tournaments representing India and had a career best International Tennis Federation world ranking of 761. After selling CADcorporation, he founded Vmerse in 2005, which was the first to market with a gamified 3D simulation platform for college recruiting and alumni relations. List of Indian entrepreneurs List of University of Michigan alumni List of Inventors – Official web site of FriendsLearn Inc – Official web site of Nirmana InvestmentsBhargav Sri Prakash – Bhargav Sri Prakash
36. Burt Rutan – Elbert Leander Burt Rutan is a retired American aerospace engineer noted for his originality in designing light, strong, unusual-looking, energy-efficient aircraft. With his VariEze design, Rutan is responsible for popularizing the canard configuration, Rutan has five aircraft on display in the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D. C. United States, SpaceShipOne, the Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer, Voyager, Quickie, born in 1943 in Estacada, Oregon,30 miles southeast of Portland, and raised in Dinuba, California, Burt Rutan displayed an early interest in aircraft design. By the time he was eight years old he was designing and building model aircraft and his first solo flight piloting an airplane was in an Aeronca Champ in 1959. In 1965 he graduated third in his class from the California Polytechnic State University with a BS degree in aeronautical engineering and he left to become Director of Development of the BD-5 aircraft for Bede Aircraft in Newton, Kansas, a position he held until 1974. In June 1974, Rutan returned to California to establish the Rutan Aircraft Factory, in this business he designed and developed prototypes for several aircraft, mostly intended for amateur builders. His first design, executed while he was still at Bede, was the VariViggen, the canard would become a feature of many Rutan designs, notably the very popular VariEze and Long-EZ. In April 1982, Rutan founded Scaled Composites, LLC, which has one of the worlds pre-eminent aircraft design. Scaled Composites is headquartered in Mojave, California, at the Mojave Air & Space Port and that same year, Beechcraft contracted Rutans Scaled Composites to refine the design and build the prototype Beechcraft Starship. In a 2010 interview, Rutan articulated his motivation for developing suborbital technology projects with SpaceShipOne and he was developing suborbital spaceflight technology because in this we can achieve some breakthroughs, making such flight orders of magnitude safer and orders of magnitude more affordable. Rutan is married to Tonya Rutan and he retired from Scaled Composites in April 2011. That same year, he recognized as a Living Legend of Aviation. In 2012, Rutan spoke on Innovation and the Space Race to the World Affairs Council, flying magazine ranked him at number 18 on their 2013 list,51 Heroes of Aviation. Rutan was also a recipient of the prestigious Wright Brothers Memorial Trophy in 2015, in a 45-year career, each of Rutans designs have often been quite dissimilar from their predecessors. His airplanes and spacecraft take on all types of shapes and sizes. In all, Rutan has come up with 367 individual concepts — of which 45 have flown, VariViggen and VariViggen SP In 1968, he began building his first design, the VariViggen, which first flew in April 1972. It had the wing, forward canard, and pusher configuration design elements which became his trademarks. In lieu of wind tunnel testing, Rutan developed aerodynamic parameters for the VariViggen using a model rigged atop his station wagon, the VariViggen was the Rutan model 27Burt Rutan – Rutan in October 2004
37. Carl Sassenrath – Carl Sassenrath is an architect of operating systems and computer languages. Carl Sassenrath was born in 1957 to Charles and Carolyn Sassenrath in California and his father was a chemical engineer involved in research and development related to petroleum refining, paper production, and air pollution control systems. In the late 1960s his family relocated from the San Francisco Bay Area to the town of Eureka. From his early childhood Sassenrath was actively involved in electronics, amateur radio, photography, when he was 13, Sassenrath began working for KEET a PBS public broadcasting television station. A year later he became a cameraman for KVIQ and worked his way up to being technical director and director for news, commercials, in 1980 Sassenrath graduated from the University of California, Davis with a B. S. in EECS. During his studies he became interested in operating systems, parallel processing, programming languages and he was a teaching assistant for graduate computer language courses and a research assistant in neuroscience and behavioral biology. During his final year at the university, Sassenrath joined Hewlett Packards Computer Systems Division as a member of the Multi-Programming Executive file system design group for HP3000 computers. His task was to implement a compiler for a new type of language called Outqueue—a challenge because the language was both descriptive and procedural. A year later, Sassenrath became a member of the MPE-IV OS kernel team, while at HP Sassenrath became interested in minimizing the high complexity found in most operating systems of that time and set out to formulate his own concepts of a microkernel-based OS. He proposed them to HP, but found the large company complacent to the smaller OS ideas, in late 1981 and early 1982 Sassenrath took an academic leave to do atmospheric physics research for National Science Foundation at Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station. The project, called Probus was created on a prototype Sun Microsystems workstation borrowed from Andy Bechtolsheim while he was at Stanford University, Probus clearly demonstrated the power of graphical user interfaces, and the system also incorporated hyperlinks and early distributed computing concepts. At HP, Sassenrath was involved with and influenced by a range of HP language projects including Ada, Pascal, Smalltalk, Lisp, Forth, SPL, in 1983, Carl Sassenrath joined Amiga Computer, Inc. a small startup company in Silicon Valley. As Manager of Operating Systems he was asked to design a new operating system for the Amiga, as a sophisticated computer for its day, Sassenrath decided to create a preemptive multitasking operating system within a microkernel design. This was an approach for 1983 when other personal computer operating systems were single tasking such as MS-DOS. This design gave the Amiga OS a great extensibility and flexibility within the memory capacity of computers in the 1980s. This dynamic modular method also allowed hundreds of modules to be added by external developers over the years. After the release of the Amiga in 1985, Sassenrath left Commodore-Amiga to pursue new programming language design ideas that he had been contemplating since his university days, in 1986, Sassenrath was recruited to Apple Computers Advanced Technology Group to invent the next generation of operating systems. He was part of the Aquarius project, a quad-core CPU project that was intended to become a 3D-based successor to the MacintoshCarl Sassenrath – Carl Sassenrath
38. Dana Scott – His research career involved computer science, mathematics, and philosophy. He has worked also on modal logic, topology, and category theory and he received his BA in Mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1954. He wrote his Ph. D. thesis on Convergent Sequences of Complete Theories under the supervision of Alonzo Church while at Princeton, solomon Feferman writes of this period, Scott began his studies in logic at Berkeley in the early 50s while still an undergraduate. Scott was clearly in line to do a Ph. D. with Tarski, upset by that, Scott left for Princeton where he finished with a Ph. D. under Alonzo Church. But it was not long before the relationship between them was mended to the point that Tarski could say to him, I hope I can call you my student. After completing his Ph. D. studies, he moved to the University of Chicago and this work led to the joint bestowal of the Turing Award on the two, for the introduction of this fundamental concept of computational complexity theory. During this period he started supervising Ph. D. students, such as James Halpern, Scott also began working on modal logic in this period, beginning a collaboration with John Lemmon, who moved to Claremont, California, in 1963. Later, Scott and Montague independently discovered an important generalisation of Kripke semantics for modal and tense logic, John Lemmon and Scott began work on a modal-logic textbook that was interrupted by Lemmons death in 1966. Scott eventually published the work as An Introduction to Modal Logic, following an initial observation of Robert Solovay, Scott formulated the concept of Boolean-valued model, as Solovay and Petr Vopěnka did likewise at around the same time. This work led to the award of the Leroy P. Steele Prize in 1972, Scott took up a post as Professor of Mathematical Logic on the Philosophy faculty of Oxford University in 1972. He was member of Merton College while at Oxford and is now an Honorary Fellow of the college, one of Scotts contributions is his formulation of domain theory, allowing programs involving recursive functions and looping-control constructs to be given denotational semantics. Additionally, he provided a foundation for the understanding of infinitary and continuous information through domain theory, the 2007 EATCS Award for his contribution to theoretical computer science. In 1994, he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery, in 2012 he became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society. Finite Automata and Their Decision Problem, a proof of the independence of the continuum hypothesis. In Philosophical Problems in Logic, ed. K. Lambert, gierz, G. Hofmann, K. H. Keimel, K. Lawson, J. D. Mislove, M. W. Scott, D. S. Encyclopedia of Mathematics and its Applications, Scotts trick Scott–Potter set theory Blackburn, de Rijke and Venema. In the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, solomon Feferman and Anita Burdman Feferman. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-80240-7, ISBN 978-0-521-80240-6, denotational Semantics, The Scott-Strachey Approach to Programming Language TheoryDana Scott – Dana Stewart Scott
39. Alan Shepard – Rear Admiral Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. was an American astronaut, naval aviator, test pilot, and businessman. A graduate of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Shepard saw action with the navy during World War II. He became an aviator in 1946, and a test pilot in 1950. He was selected as one of the original NASA Mercury Seven astronauts in 1959 and his craft entered space, but did not achieve orbit. He became the person, and the first American, to travel into space. In the final stages of Project Mercury, Shepard was scheduled to pilot the Mercury-Atlas 10 and he named Mercury Spacecraft 15B Freedom 7 II in honor of his first spacecraft, but the mission was cancelled. This was surgically corrected in 1969, and in 1971, Shepard commanded the Apollo 14 mission, at age 47, he became the fifth and oldest person to walk on the Moon, and the only one of the Mercury Seven astronauts to do so. During the mission, he hit two balls on the lunar surface. He was Chief of the Astronaut Office from November 1963 to July 1969 and he was promoted to rear admiral on August 25,1971, the first astronaut to reach that rank. Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. was born on November 18,1923, in Derry, New Hampshire, to Alan B. Shepard Sr. and he had a younger sister, Pauline, who was known as Polly. He was one of famous descendants of Mayflower passenger Richard Warren. His father, Alan B. Shepard Sr. known as Bart, worked in the Derry National Bank and he joined the National Guard in 1915 and served in France with the American Expeditionary Force during World War I. He remained in the National Guard between the wars, and was recalled to duty during World War II, rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. In 1936, he went to the Pinkerton Academy, a school in Derry that his father had attended. He completed years 9 to 12 there, fascinated by flight, he created a model airplane club at the Academy, and his Christmas present in 1938 was a flight in a Douglas DC-3. The following year he began cycling to Manchester Airfield, where he would do odd jobs in exchange for the ride in an airplane or informal flying lesson. Shepard graduated from the Pinkerton Academy in 1940, because World War II was already raging in Europe, his father wanted him to join the Army. He easily passed the exam to the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1940Alan Shepard – Alan B. Shepard, Jr.
40. Mark Smith (R/C modeling pioneer) – Mark Smith was a pioneer in radio-controlled model aviation. The son of Rod Smith, an inventor of R/C equipment. In his teens he followed his fathers footsteps into R/C gliders and he later went on to designing R/C gliders like his 100-inch-wingspan Windfree along with the 72-inch-wingspan Wanderer which were the best-sellers for decades. In the early 1970s he built radio-controlled seagulls for the 1972 movie Jonathan Livingston SeagullMark Smith (R/C modeling pioneer) – Mark Smith with "Jonathan Livingston Seagull"
41. Ivan Sutherland – Ivan Edward Sutherland is an American computer scientist and Internet pioneer, widely regarded as the father of computer graphics. His early work in graphics as well as his teaching with David C. Evans in that subject at the University of Utah in the 1970s was pioneering in the field. Sutherland, Evans, and his students from that era invented several foundations of computer graphics. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, as well as the National Academy of Sciences among many major awards. In 2012 he was awarded the Kyoto Prize in Advanced Technology for pioneering achievements in the development of computer graphics and interactive interfaces. Sutherland earned his Bachelors degree in engineering from the Carnegie Institute of Technology, his masters degree from Caltech. He invented Sketchpad in 1962 while at MIT, Professor Claude Shannon signed on to supervise Sutherland’s computer drawing thesis. Among others on his thesis committee were Marvin Minsky and Steven Coons, Sketchpad was an innovative program that influenced alternative forms of interaction with computers. Sketchpad could accept constraints and specified relationships among segments and arcs and it could draw both horizontal and vertical lines and combine them into figures and shapes. Figures could be copied, moved, rotated, or resized, Sketchpad also had the first window-drawing program and clipping algorithm, which allowed zooming. Sketchpad ran on the Lincoln TX-2 computer and influenced Douglas Engelbarts oN-Line System, Sketchpad, in turn, was influenced by the conceptual Memex as envisioned by Vannevar Bush in his influential paper As We May Think. Sutherland replaced J. C. R. Licklider as the head of the US Defense Department Advanced Research Project Agencys Information Processing Techniques Office, from 1965 to 1968, Sutherland was an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering at Harvard University. Work with student Danny Cohen in 1967 led to the development of the Cohen–Sutherland computer graphics line clipping algorithm, in 1968, with the help of his student Bob Sproull, he created the first virtual reality and augmented reality head-mounted display system, named The Sword of Damocles. From 1968 to 1974, Sutherland was a professor at the University of Utah, in 1968 he co-founded Evans and Sutherland with his friend and colleague David C. Evans. The company has done pioneering work in the field of hardware, accelerated 3D computer graphics. Former employees of Evans and Sutherland included the founders of Adobe. From 1974 to 1978 he was the Fletcher Jones Professor of Computer Science at California Institute of Technology and he then founded a consulting firm, Sutherland, Sproull and Associates, which was purchased by Sun Microsystems to form the seed of its research division, Sun Labs. Sutherland was a Fellow and Vice President at Sun Microsystems, Sutherland was a visiting scholar in the Computer Science Division at University of California, BerkeleyIvan Sutherland – Ivan Edward Sutherland