Category:English architectural historians
Pages in category "English architectural historians"
The following 52 pages are in this category, out of 52 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 52 pages are in this category, out of 52 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. John Aubrey – John Aubrey FRS, was an English antiquary, natural philosopher and writer. He is perhaps best known as the author of the Brief Lives and he was a pioneer archaeologist, who recorded numerous megalithic and other field monuments in southern England, and who is particularly noted as the discoverer of the Avebury henge monument. The Aubrey holes at Stonehenge are named after him, although there is doubt as to whether the holes that he observed are those that currently bear the name. He was also a pioneer folklorist, collecting together a miscellany of material on customs, traditions and he set out to compile county histories of both Wiltshire and Surrey, although both projects remained unfinished. His Interpretation of Villare Anglicanum was the first attempt to compile a full-length study of English place-names and he had wider interests in applied mathematics and astronomy, and was friendly with many of the greatest scientists of the day. For much of the 19th and 20th centuries, thanks largely to the popularity of Brief Lives, Aubrey was regarded as more than an entertaining but quirky, eccentric. Only in the 1970s did the full breadth and innovation of his begin to be more widely appreciated. He published little in his lifetime, and many of his most important manuscripts remain unpublished, or published only in partial and unsatisfactory form. Aubrey was born at Easton Piers or Percy, near Kington St Michael, Wiltshire, to a long-established and his grandfather, Isaac Lyte, lived at Lytes Cary Manor, Somerset, now owned by the National Trust. Richard Aubrey, his father, owned lands in Wiltshire and Herefordshire, for many years an only child, he was educated at home with a private tutor, he was melancholy in his solitude. His father was not intellectual, preferring field sports to learning, Aubrey read such books as came his way, including Bacons Essays, and studied geometry in secret. He was educated at the Malmesbury grammar school under Robert Latimer and he then studied at the grammar school at Blandford Forum, Dorset. He entered Trinity College, Oxford, in 1642, but his studies were interrupted by the English Civil War and his earliest antiquarian work dates from this period in Oxford. In 1646 he became a student of the Middle Temple and he spent a pleasant time at Trinity in 1647, making friends among his Oxford contemporaries, and collecting books. He was to show Avebury to Charles II at the Kings request in 1663 and his father died in 1652, leaving Aubrey large estates, but with them some complicated debts. He claimed that his memory was not tenacious by 17th-century standards, but from the early 1640s he kept notes of observations in natural philosophy, his friends ideas. He also began to write Lives of scientists in the 1650s, in 1659 he was recruited to contribute to a collaborative county history of Wiltshire, leading to his unfinished collections on the antiquities and the natural history of the county. His erstwhile friend and fellow-antiquary Anthony Wood predicted that he would one day break his neck while running downstairs in haste to interview some retreating guest or other and he drank the Kings health in Interregnum Herefordshire, but with equal enthusiasm attended meetings in London of the republican Rota Club
2. John Cornforth (historian) – John Lewley Cornforth CBE was an architectural historian with a particular interest in the history of English country houses. He was the author of books and articles, and architectural editor of Country Life from 1967 to 1977. Cornforth was born at Haywood Abbey in Staffordshire, a child of parents with private means. His childhood friends included Patrick Anson, later 5th Earl of Lichfield and he took no interest in country pursuits - riding or shooting, cricket or golf - but enjoyed looking at Country Life from before he could read. He was educated at Repton School and then studied history at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, after university, Cornforth worked as a volunteer in the British Museum in London, and started to write articles for Country Life, joining the staff at the magazine in 1961. Cornforth followed Husseys successor Mark Girouard as architectural editor at Country Life in 1967 and he stepped down in 1977 to concentrate on his book writing, and was succeeded by Marcus Binney. He retired from Country Life in 1993 but continued to write books and he wrote for Country Life for over 40 years, with a bibliography extending to over 50 pages. Cornforth joined the Historic Buildings Committee of the National Trust in 1965, at a time when country houses were under substantial threat, Cornforth was involved in vetting the many houses that were offered to the National Trust. He became a member of the Historic Buildings Council for England in 1971 and he was influential figure behind the scenes, on practical measures and taxation. He also wrote Country Houses of Britain, Can they survive, in 1974, the same year as the Destruction of the Country House exhibition at the V&A. He also took an interest in decoration of the houses under the care of the National Trust. Cornforth and Fowler wrote English Decoration in the Eighteenth Century, published in 1974, Cornforth was also involved in the creation of new British galleries at the Victoria and Albert Museum. From 1968 until 2001 he served as a trustee of the Marc Fitch Fund and was its chairman for many years and this charity is concerned with funding research and publication in English local history, archaeology and related subjects. The book was in preparation at the time of his death, as the books dust-wrapper states, John Cornforths hope was that this publication would revitalise the study of the great house in the eighteenth century. As we leaf through the book on a journey of discovery it is as if he is still present and he became a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2001. He never married, but kept a flat in Marylebone. Amongst his friends were Anne, Countess of Rosse, Rupert Alec-Smith, and Gervase Jackson-Stops, David Mlinaric, Wilson Rockefeller and Martin Drury
3. K. A. C. Creswell – Professor Sir Keppel Archibald Cameron Creswell CBE FBA FSA was an English architectural historian who wrote some of the seminal works on Islamic architecture in Egypt. Creswell was born on 13 September 1879 in London and he was educated at Westminster School before going on to study electrical engineering at Finsbury City and Guilds Technical College in 1896. During this time he developed his skills in draughtsmanship. He worked for Siemens Brothers and then, from 1914, the Deutsche Bank in London, Creswell was interested in eastern buildings and places from childhood. By 1910 he had become so drawn to Islamic architecture that he started collecting a library that was eventually to become one of the most comprehensive collections of its kind. As well as working at his day job, he spent time studying eastern architecture. He published an article in The Burlington Magazine in 1913, and soon gave a paper to the Royal Asiatic Society. Both concerned domes in Persian architecture and his interest in Islamic architecture spurred him to look for more satisfying employment, and in May 1914 he applied, unsuccessfully, to join the Archaeological Survey of India. The First World War broke out in August of that year, some time afterwards he was posted to Egypt. He rose through the ranks, and by July 1919 had been appointed as Inspector of Monuments under General Allenbys Occupied Enemy Territory Administration in Palestine and he travelled extensively, making measured drawings and notes as well as recording the monuments photographically, producing nearly a thousand photographs. He was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire in the 1919 New Year Honours, in May 1920 Creswell drew up a proposal for a History of the Muslim Architecture of Egypt. He intended this to be a study of the subject. He submitted the proposal to King Fuad I of Egypt, who recognised the importance of such a work and was an enthusiastic patron, Creswell was granted 800 Egyptian pounds for three years to finance the work. Creswell hastily returned to England for demobilisation, and returned to Cairo on 13 October 1920, the work proved to be even more monumental than Creswell had anticipated. Archaeological excavations had significantly increased the number of monuments. He undertook all the work without assistance, five volumes had been published by 1969, totalling 1,769 pages, with a sixth volume in preparation but unpublished on his death in 1974. This massive work was split into two, Early Muslim Architecture and The Muslim Architecture of Egypt, Creswell first started work on the Bibliography of the Architecture, Arts and Crafts of Islam in 1912, it was finally published in 1961. This drew together all the books, articles and periodical volumes that concerned this very wide field, as well as these huge undertakings, Creswell produced an additional sixty-odd articles and other writings
4. Banister Fletcher (junior) – Sir Banister Flight Fletcher was an English architect and architectural historian, as was his father, also named Banister Fletcher. They wrote the standard textbook A History of Architecture, which is often referred to just as Banister Fletcher. He became a partner in 1889, and on his fathers death in 1899 took over the practice, Fletcher worked closely with his younger brother Herbert Phillips Fletcher as well as his father. Herbert was also a partner in the firm and they wrote some books together. He was regarded as a figure in the modernist movement in his early career. He was knighted in 1919 and elected president of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1929, Fletcher was surveyor to the Worshipful Company of Carpenters, and became Master in 1936, a position also held by his father. He married twice, first, in 1914, to Alice Bretherton and he and his father wrote the first edition of A History of Architecture on the Comparative Method. This became a reference work, with updated editions published throughout the 20th century. There was a revision with the 6th edition in 1921. This was over twenty years after his father’s death, and for this edition his father’s name was dropped, according to J. Mordaunt Crook this edition concentrated on supplying an epitomised history of world architecture such that Fletcher turned a useful handbook into a veritable students bible. Fletcher produced the sixteenth edition shortly before his death in 1953, a centenary 20th edition edited by Dan Cruickshank was produced in 1996. A thundering classic appears again with useful additions, as Sir Banister Fletcher said, The study of architecture opens up the enjoyment of buildings with an appreciation of their purpose, meaning, and charm. These words aptly summarise what this book has become for generations of students and architects, no serious fan of architecture should be without it. the whole point of Banister Fletcher is that it does cram everything into a single volume. It will remain one of the most thumbed tomes in Building Designs office library. above all, gloriously and frustratingly, Recent scholarship has been critical of Fletchers hierarchical emphasis on the primacy of Western European architectural traditions. In his will, he left a bequest to the Bartlett School of Architecture inaugurating an annual prize, in his will, he left a bequest to the London Society to hold an annual lecture in his name. The Authors Club, of which Fletcher was president, presents an annual Banister Fletcher Award for the best book on art or architecture. Fletcher, Banister, Recent development of renaissance in England, London, C. W. Sweet,1894 Andrea Palladio. Batsford,1904 ODNB, H. V. M. Roberts, Fletcher, Sir Banister Flight, ISSN 1466-4410 Rabbat, Nasser Islamic Art at a Crossroads. in Ed
5. Eileen Harris – Dr Eileen Joyce Harris is an American/English architectural historian and author. She is an expert on Robert Adam and is Honorary Librarian, Eileen Joyce Harris is American and married to Englishman John Harris, has a son, Lucian Guthrie, and a daughter, Georgina, and lives in London and Badminton, Gloucestershire, UK. Eileen Harris was born in November 1932 to Paul Spiegel and Irene Stein in the city of Brooklyn, Eileen also has a younger brother, Michael Ivan Spiegel, who was a famous antitrust lawyer and also Deputy Attorney General of California for 25 years. Harris is an internationally recognised Robert Adam scholar, publishing extensively on the subject for over 40 years, the Country Houses of Robert Adam From the Archives of Country Life, Aurum Press Ltd, ISBN 1-84513-263-7, ISBN 978-1-84513-263-7. The Genius of Robert Adam, His Interiors Paul Mellon Centre for Studies, Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-08129-4, selected by Choice as a 2003 Outstanding Academic Title. Selected by Architects Journal as one of the Books of the Year, osterley Park, Middlesex National Trust Guide Books, ISBN 0-7078-0179-6, ISBN 978-0-7078-0179-7. Architectural Books in Britain, 1556-1785, An Historical and Bibliographical Account Rizzoli Intl Pubns, ISBN 0-302-00606-0, a Facsimile of the Two Parts of Universal Architecture,1755 and 1758 Scolar Press, ISBN 0-85967-515-7, ISBN 978-0-85967-515-4. Sir William Chambers, Knight of the Polar Star with J. Mordaunt Crook and John Harris, Zwemmer, ISBN 0-302-02076-4, furniture of Robert Adam Chapters in Art Series, Tiranti, ISBN 0-85458-929-5, ISBN 978-0-85458-929-6. Hooked on Books, The Library of Sir John Soane, Architect 1753-1837 edited with Nicholas Savage, Robert Adam on Park Avenue, The Interiors for Bolton House The Burlington Magazine, Vol 137, No 1103, February 1995, pp 68–75. The Lansdowne House drawing room, reconstructing Adam - properly Apollo, No 366,1992, Sir John Soanes Library, O, Books. Ye Monuments of Mind Apollo, No 338, April 1990, John Woods system of architecture The Burlington Magazine, No 1031,1989, p 101. Vitruvius Britannicus before Colin Campbell The Burlington Magazine, Vol 128, No 998, May 1986, Sir John Soanes Museum Country Life magazine, David Watkins review of The Country Houses of Robert Adam,1 November 2007
6. John Harris (curator) – John Frederick Harris OBE is an English curator, historian of architecture, gardens and architectural drawings, and the author of more than 25 books and catalogues, and 200 articles. John Harris left school at the age of 14 in 1946 and he travelled and took on miscellaneous jobs, before starting his proper career in 1954 working in an antiques shop, Collin and Winslow. In 1956 he joined the Royal Institute of British Architects Library and Drawings Collection in London, rIBAs Drawings Collection Gallery was re-established in 2004 as part of the joint V&A and RIBA Architecture Partnership, creating the Architecture Gallery in Room 128 at the V&A. He was editor of Studies in Architecture 1976–99, in 1996 he was a visiting scholar at the Getty Research Center, Getty Villa, Santa Monica. Harris also played a role in the establishment of the Canadian Centre for Architecture in Montreal. He was a member for ten years of Mr Paul Mellon’s London Acquisitions Committee, Harris worked on the Victoria and Albert Primary Galleries Project. He has been on the Board of Trustees of The Architecture Foundation and he is a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London. He is an expert on Palladian architecture, and has written about, among others, Lord Burlington, William Kent. Harris is married to American historian and author Dr Eileen Harris, has a son, Lucian Guthrie, and a daughter, Georgina, English decorative ironwork from contemporary source books, 1610–1836, a collection of drawings and pattern books. Regency Furniture Designs from Contemporary Source Books, 1803–26 Master Hands Series, Tiranti, ISBN 0-85458-638-5, a collection of pattern books with various comparative plates of 1744 to 1812 Tiranti, ASIN, B0000CKZQR. Lincolnshire Buildings of England series, with Nikolaus Pevsner, Penguin, revised by Nicholas Antram in 1970 and 1989. Georgian Country Houses Royal Institute of British Architects Drawings Series, Country Life Books, ISBN 0-600-43152-5, Sir William Chambers, Knight of the Polar Star with J. Mordaunt Crook and Eileen Harris, Zwemmer, ISBN 0-302-02076-4, ISBN 978-0-302-02076-0. Catalogue of British Drawings for Architecture, Decoration, Sculpture and Landscape Gardening In American Collections 1550–1900 Irvington Pub, ISBN 0-8398-0766-X, 2nd edition Pinhorns, ISBN 0-901262-21-8, ISBN 978-0-901262-21-9. Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects, Inigo Jones and John Webb Gregg Revivals, ISBN 0-576-15559-4, catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects, Colen Campbell Gregg Revivals, ISBN 0-576-15562-4, ISBN 978-0-576-15562-5. The Destruction of the Country House, 1875–1975 with Roy Strong and Marcus Binney, Thames & Hudson Ltd, ISBN 0-500-24094-9, a Garden Alphabet compiled by John Harris in association with The Victoria and Albert Museum for the Garden Exhibition, Octopus Books, ISBN 0-7064-1082-3, ISBN 978-0-7064-1082-2. The Artist and the Country House Sotheby Parke Bernet, ISBN 0-85667-053-7, lost Houses of Scotland with Marcus Binney and Emma Winnington, Save Britains Heritage, ISBN 0-905978-05-6, ISBN 978-0-905978-05-5. The Palladians Rizzoli, paperback, ISBN 0-8478-0420-8, ISBN 978-0-8478-0420-7, William Talman, Maverick Architect Genius of Architecture Series, Allen and Unwin, ISBN 0-04-720024-3, ISBN 978-0-04-720024-3. Paperback edition ISBN 0-04-720025-1, ISBN 978-0-04-720025-0, Great Drawings from the Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects with Jill Lever and Margaret Richardson, Trefoil Publications Ltd, ISBN 0-86294-036-2, ISBN 978-0-86294-036-2
7. Thomas Rickman – Thomas Rickman, was an English architect and architectural antiquary who was a major figure in the Gothic Revival. Rickman was born on 8 June 1776 at Maidenhead, Berkshire and he avoided the medical career envisaged for him by his father, a grocer and druggist, and instead went into business for himself. He married his first cousin Lucy Rickman in 1804, a marriage that estranged him from the Quakers, the Encyclopædia Britannica 1911 reported that in 1811 alone he is said to have studied three thousand ecclesiastical buildings. In September that year he gave the first of a series of lectures on architecture at the small Philosophical Society of Liverpool. His first publication was an article on Gothic architecture for Smiths Panorama of Arts and it ran through many editions and provided the basis of Rickmans public reputation. He was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1829, as an architect, Rickman was self-taught. Rickman then moved to Birmingham where he designed the St Georges Church for the city, the design also consisted of churchyard gates, completed in 1822, which remain today. By 1830 Rickman had become one of the most successful architects of his time and he also designed New Court of St Johns College, Cambridge, a palace for the bishop of Carlisle, and several large country houses. Rickman attracted a large share of the Church Building Commissions patronage in the new built in the West Midlands pursuant to the Church Building Act of 1818. A later, more generous critic, Sir Howard Colvin, has remarked, henry Hutchinson partnered with Rickman in December 1821 and formed a practice called Rickman and Hutchinson. Rickman remained in practice until Hutchinsons death in 1831. Rickman died at Birmingham on 4 January 1841 and he was buried in the churchyard of the church he had designed, St Georges Church. His tomb, designed by R. C, hussey and completed in 1845, still stands, although the church does not. St. Georges Church, Everton 1813 St. Michaels Church, Aigburth 1813 Church of St Thomas, Birmingham 1826-29 Bank for Birmingham Banking Company, Temple Row, holy Trinity Church, Lawrence Hill 1832 Keepers Lodge, Audley End, Essex 1835 St. A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840 3rd ed and this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Rickman, Thomas. ODNB article by Megan Aldrich, ‘Rickman, Thomas ’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press,2004, Photographs of St. Michael in the Hamlet, Liverpool Photographs of St. Georges Everton, Liverpool Rose Castle Website
8. John Martin Robinson – John Martin Robinson FSA is a British architectural historian and officer of arms. The doctoral degree was awarded in 1974 for work on the architect Samuel Wyatt, as an independent consultant since 1988 he has advised on the restoration of numerous country houses churches and other listed buildings. His contribution to the Conservation Plan for 7 Dials and Covent Garden in London won the 1998 Camden Environmental Award and he also wrote the Conservation Plan for the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, in association with Rick Mather Architects. He has been an Architectural Writer for Country Life for over 40 years contributing nearly 400 articles, Robinson was Fitzalan Pursuivant Extraordinary at the College of Arms from 1982 and is now Maltravers Herald Extraordinary. In 1978 he was appointed Librarian to the Duke of Norfolk Earl Marshal, Robinson is also a Knight of Magistral Grace of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. He served on the North West Regional Committee of the National Trust for 10 Years and is Heraldic Adviser to the National Trust and he was a founder member of the Friends of Christ Church Spitalfields and helped establish the music Festival there. His scholarly book on James Wyatt is the treatment of the subject. His New Georgian Handbook, co-authored with Alexandra Artley of Harpers Magazine, was the face of the Young Fogey Movement in the 1980s. Cardinal Consalvi 1757-1824 The Bodley Head, the Wyatts, An Architectural Dynasty Foreword by Woodrow Wyatt, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-817340-3. The Dukes of Norfolk ISBN 978-0-85033-973-4, the Latest Country Houses, 1945-83 The Bodley Head Ltd, ISBN 978-0370305622. The Oxford Guide to Heraldry John Martin Robinson & Thomas Woodcock, Oxford University Press, the Country House at War The Bodley Head Ltd, ISBN 0-370-31306-2, ISBN 978-0-370-31306-1. Temples of Delight, Stowe Landscape Gardens ISBN 0-540-01217-3, ISBN 978-0-540-01217-6, a Guide to the Country Houses of the North West Constable, ISBN 0-09-469920-8. Georgian Model Farms, A Study of Decorative and Model Farm Buildings in the Age of Improvement, francis Johnson Architect J. M. Robinson & David Neave, Oblong Creative, ISBN 978-0-9536574-3-8. The Regency Country House Aurum Press, ISBN 978-1-84513-053-4, grass Seed in June - The Making of an Architectural Historian Michael Russell Ltd, ISBN 978-0-85955-301-8. Felling the Ancient Oaks, How England Lost its Great Country Estates Aurum Press Ltd, requisitioned, The British Country House in the Second World War Aurum Press, ISBN 978-1781310953. The Observations of Humphrey Repton James Wyatt, Architect to George III Treasures of English Churches Uppark Restored. JMR & Christopher Rowell The Staffords The New Georgian Handbook, JMR & Alexandra Artley The English Country Estate Chatto Curiosities -Heraldry The National Trust Guide to Heraldry. JMR & Thomas Woodcock Royal Residences Buckingham Palace, the Official Illustrated History Windsor Castle
9. John Summerson – Sir John Newenham Summerson CH CBE was one of the leading British architectural historians of the 20th century. He was born at Barnstead, Coniscliffe Road, Darlington and his grandfather worked for the Darlington and Stockton Railway and founded the family foundry of Thomas Summerson and Sons in Darlington in 1869. John Summerson was educated at Harrow and University College London, where he gained a degree in 1928. He wrote mainly about British architecture, especially that of the Georgian era and his Architecture in Britain, 1530–1830 remained a standard work on the subject for students and general readers after his death. The Classical Language of Architecture is an introduction to the elements of classical architecture and traces their use. He was curator of Sir John Soanes Museum from 1945 to 1984 and he was Slade Professor of Fine Art at the University of Oxford for 1958–59. He certainly invented the term prodigy house for showy Elizabethan and Jacobean courtier houses, Summerson was noted for his somewhat elitist approach, and he was not always a consistent friend of the conservation movement. He was hired by the ESB in Ireland to speak in favour of their demolition of sixteen Georgian townhouses in Fitzwilliam Street, the doomed terrace, he said, was simply one damned house after another. An English Heritage blue plaque commemorating Summerson was erected at his residence in Chalk Farm, London. John Summerson at the archINFORM database
10. E. G. Swain – Edmund Gill Swain was an English cleric and author. He also wrote a history of Peterborough Cathedral, Swain was born in Stockport, Cheshire, and educated at Manchester Grammar School and Emmanuel College, Cambridge, where he read Natural Sciences. He was ordained deacon in 1885 and priest in 1886 at Rochester, after six years as a curate in Camberwell, he was appointed chaplain of Kings College, where M. R. James was already the Dean and a renowned scholar. Swain, like James, lived in rooms in the college during his time there, a number of James circle went on to publish ghost stories in the Jamesian style, notably E. F. Benson and his brother A. C. Benson, and R. H. Malden, whose first such story was written in 1909, Swain himself lived and worked in Cambridge until 1905, when he accepted the living of Stanground, near Peterborough, which was in the gift of his old college, Emmanuel. As Stoneground, the parish and Swains own church of St. John the Baptist became the setting for his volume of stories published in 1912. He and Malden have been described as the first two important followers of James and he died in Peterborough on 29 January 1938. A door in Peterborough Cathedral and awards to cathedral choristers are named in his honour, the Stoneground Ghost Tales is a collection of nine short stories set in and around a church and parish on the edge of Englands fen country. The protagonist, the Rector of Stoneground, the Reverend Roland Batchel, is a kindly, humane bachelor and amateur antiquarian, the Story of Peterborough Cathedral Works by E. G. Swain at Project Gutenberg