Category:Equestrian team sports
Pages in category "Equestrian team sports"
The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Buzkashi – Buzkashi, is the Central Asian sport in which horse-mounted players attempt to place a goat or calf carcass in a goal. It is the sport of Afghanistan, although it was not banned. Traditionally, games could last for days, but in its more regulated tournament version. From Scythian times until recent decades, buzkashi has remained as a legacy of that bygone era, during the rule of the Taliban regime, buzkashi was banned in Afghanistan, as the Taliban considered the game immoral. After the Taliban regime was ousted, the game resumed being played, today games similar to buzkashi are played by several Central Asian ethnic groups such as the Kyrgyz, Pashtuns, Kazakhs, Uzbeks, Uyghurs, Hazaras, Tajiks, and Turkmens. In the West, the game is played by Afghan Turks who migrated to Ulupamir village in the Van district of Turkey from the Pamir region. In western China, there is not only horse-back buzkashi, Buzkashi is the national sport and a passion in Afghanistan where it is often played on Fridays and matches draw thousands of fans. Whitney Azoy notes in his book Buzkashi, Game and Power in Afghanistan that leaders are men who can seize control by means foul and fair, the Buzkashi rider does the same. Kazakhstans first National Kokpar Association was registered in 2000, the Association has been holding annual kokpar championships among adults since 2001 and youth kokpar championships since 2005. All 14 regions of Kazakhstan have professional kokpar teams, the regions with the biggest number of professional kokpar teams are Southern Kazakhstan with 32 professional teams, Jambyl region with 27 teams and Akmola region with 18 teams. Kazakhstans national kokpar team currently holds a title of Eurasian kokpar champions, a photograph documents kokboru players in Kyrgyzstan around 1870, however, Kyrgyzstans kokboru rules were first officially defined and regulated in 1949. Starting from 1958 kokboru began being held in hippodromes, the size of a kokboru field depends on the number of participants. The buzkashi season in Tajikistan generally runs from November through April, High temperatures often prevent matches from taking place outside of this period, though isolated games might be found in some cooler mountain areas. Buzkashi was brought to the USA by a descendant from the Afghan Royal Family, a mounted version of the game has also been played in the United States in the 1940s. Young men in Cleveland, Ohio played a game they called Kav Kaz, the men – five to a team – played on horseback with a sheepskin-covered ball. The Greater Cleveland area had six or seven teams, the game was divided into three chukkers, somewhat like polo. The field was about the size of a field and had goals at each end, large wooden frameworks standing on tripods. The players carried the ball in their hands, holding it by the long-fleeced sheepskin, a team had to pass the ball three times before throwing it into the goal
2. Horseball – Horseball is a game played on horseback where a ball is handled and points are scored by shooting it through a hoop with a diameter of 1m. The sport is like a combination of polo, rugby, and it is one of the ten disciplines officially recognized by the International Federation for Equestrian Sports. The sports predecessor, pato, originated in Argentina in the early 1700s and it was outlawed in 1790 due to high mortality among players. In 1941 the Federacion Argentina de Pato was created, in 1953 was declared as Argentinas national game. The name of the game derives from the use of a live duck instead of the six-handled ball which is used in the modern sport. The game as its known today, including the use of a instead of an animal, was defined in the 1930s. It gained success and has spread across Europe and overseas, the International Horseball Federation has eighteen members including eight outside of Europe, Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Kyrgyzstan and Mexico. The basic rules involve a team of 4 players making a minimum of 3 passes between 3 different players of their team and then scoring a goal through a vertical hoop goal, the game is played on a soft, non slip surface, usually sand. The pitch is rectangular, approximately 65m x 25m, a match begins with a pick up, the rules for the first pick up are simple, the horse has to be cantering. In this situation, each rider must remain seated in the saddle, if both stay seated and the defender manages to keep hold of the ball for 3 seconds then their team earns a penalty. Simple tactics of the game involve the attacking team going towards goal crossing paths as this helps to manoeuvre the defence. Players can return home if they feel an attack is failing, when the ball is dropped or falls to the ground, anyone can pick it up so long as they are travelling in the same direction as play was when the ball was dropped. This is to avoid any riders coming head on whilst someone is picking up, whilst picking the ball up during the game the player must not come to a stand still. This is a teams tournament. There have been seventeen editions of this tournament with Saint-Lô2013, France is the only national team to have won this tournament, the Portuguese team has the most Silver, and Belgium the most Bronze. Currently the titles are, Gold for France, Silver for Spain, the European Lady Championship is the female only tournament, the first was in 2003 in Abano Terme 2003. There have been eight editions of this tournament with Saint-Lô2013, France is again the only national team to have won this tournament, tied for most silver are Belgium, Germany and Spain, and tied with the most bronze are Belgium, Great Britain and Spain. Currently the titles are, Gold for France, Silver for Spain, the European Under-16 Championship is the youth tournament with mixed-sex teams, the first was in 2004 in Lamotte-Beuvron 2004
3. Polocrosse – Polocrosse is a team sport that is played all over the world. It is a combination of polo and lacrosse and it is played outside, on a field, on horseback. Each rider uses a cane or fibreglass stick to which is attached a racquet head with a loose, thread net, the ball is made of sponge rubber and is approximately four inches across. The objective is to score goals by throwing the ball between the teams goal posts. Anyone who can ride a horse can play polocrosse, which helps improve riding skills. All ages and abilities are encouraged to play and the Pony Club have recognised polocrosse as a horse sport, to get started, players need a recognized safety helmet, a racquet, a ball, leg wraps and coronet boots for the horse. Unlike polo, players are allowed only to one horse. There is no restriction on the height, although polocrosse horses are generally smaller than 16hh. Horses of all breeds play polocrosse and the Australian Stock Horse is the most popular breed playing in Australia, stallions are not permitted to play. A match comprises four, six or eight chukkas, the three players in each section play the position of a No. The team structure was designed to force players to pass the ball about amongst themselves, making it a better skilled, the field is 60 by 160 yards, with three separate areas. The goal scoring areas, on end, are 30 yards long. Only the No.1 of the team and the No.3 of the defending team can play in these areas. The middle area is 100 yards long, the line separating the goal scoring and centre areas is called the penalty or thirty-yard line. Goal posts are eight feet apart, to score, the ball must be thrown from outside an 11-yard semicircle in front of the goal. Players can pick up the ball from the ground, catch it in their racquet and they throw it to other players until the No.1 has possession in the goal scoring area. A player cannot carry the ball over the penalty line, and it can also be passed to a player over the line. When carrying the ball, a player must carry it on the stick side, a player can, however, pick-up or catch the ball on the non-stick side provided they immediately bring it back to their stick side
4. Ranch sorting – Ranch sorting is a western-style equestrian sport that evolved from the common ranch work of separating cattle into pens for branding, doctoring, or transport. Ranch Sorting is an event that pits a team of two riders on horseback against the clock, teamwork is the key with both riders working in harmony to cut out the correct cattle and drive them to the pen while keeping the wrong numbered cattle back. There are several variations of ranch sorting with one, two or three riders on the team, but all require sorting the cattle from one pen to the other in the correct order. Ranch sorting and its discipline, team penning, are regulated by the United States Team Penning Association, headquartered in Ft. Worth. The USTPA was founded in 1993 in Fort Worth with the purpose of attracting participants and educating them to the sports of Team Penning. Ranch sorting is performed in two pens that are fifty to sixty feet long with a twelve to sixteen foot opening between the pens, the corners of the pens are cut at 45 degrees. Both pens are the size and sorting can take place from either pen to the other. At the beginning, there are ten calves at the end of one of the pens with numbers on their sides for identification, the judge raises the flag and when the riders cross the gap between the two pens the clock starts and the competition begins. The team of two riders have to move the one at a time from one pen to the other in numerical order. If a calf gets from one pen to the out of order. Ranch Sorting contestants are rated from a #1 to #9 based on their ability level, there are several other equestrian sports related to Ranch Sorting. Team Penning is similar competition except that a team of three riders on horseback have from 60 to 75 seconds to three cattle from a herd and put them into a single pen. Cutting is sport where a horse and rider are judged on their ability to separate a calf away from a cattle herd, cowboy Reining Rodeo National Sorting Cow Horse Association Ranch Sorting National Championships United States Team Penning Association Photos of a Ranch Sorting Competition
5. Equestrian drill team – An equestrian drill team is a group of horses and riders performing choreographed maneuvers to music. Teams typically perform at rodeos, horse fairs, parades, benefits, Drill teams are intended to entertain, show sportsmanship, horsemanship, teamwork and dedication. Competition drill at the level is a controlled ride and has continuous forward motion. Some competition venues have set up divisions of competition to provide for novice, rodeo, youth, gaited and special effects such as theme. Theme drill provides a division that allows teams to showcase their uniforms, horse ability, music, members must have a uniform appearance, including outfits, hats, tack, and flags. Horses should be of the type, e. g. stock type, gaited, or miniature. Teams can range in size from four horses to 20 plus horses, categories can include Novice, Youth, 4-H, Gaited, Theme, Rodeo, Quad, or Open. The United States Equestrian Drill Association is the body for mounted drill. The USEDA sanctions competitions throughout the United States, the United States Equestrian Drill Championship is held each June at the Texas Rose Horse Park near Lindale, Texas as part of Super Ride - an International Festival of the Equestrian Arts
6. Mounted games – Mounted games is a branch of equestrian sport in which very fast games are played by people of all ages on ponies up to a height of 15 hands. Mounted Games were the inspiration of Prince Philip, the sport of mounted games as it exists today was founded by Norman Patrick. His aim was to extend the sport, previously age-restricted by Pony Club, for wider participation, in the years which followed his continued support and patronage ensured that the sport spread across Great Britain and beyond. There are many different games played in mounted games and these are split into team, pairs and individual games. At the first World Championships in 1985 only four teams participated, originally Great Britain participated as one team however from 2000 onwards this was split into England, Scotland and Wales. Northern Ireland have always participated as a separate team, the European Team Championships had already existed in an unofficially format for a number of years before being officially recognised as an IMGA event in 2006. Since then the organisation of the championships has fallen into the model as the World championships with a different member country hosting the event each year. Unlike the World Team Championships, this event is also stages across different age groups, in 2010 IMGA introduced a Southern Hemisphere Championship as a regional international championship similar to the European Team Championships. This was then expanded to include all members in 2014. The World Pairs Championships started in 1992, originally as an Open competition with an Under 17 class being added in 1993, to date the championships have always been held at the Newark and Nottinghamshire Showground in England. The World Individual Championships started in 1986 across Open, Under 17, in 1990 an Under 12 class was also added and from 1999 to 2008 there was also a veterans class. Until 2012 the championships were held in Great Britain. 2013 was the first time that the competition was held outside of GB, in 2010 a European Individual Championships was run for the first time concurrently with the European Team Championships. This championship is open to all ages
7. Lusus Troiae – The Lusus Troiae, also as Ludus Troiae and ludicrum Troiae was an equestrian event held in ancient Rome. It was among the ludi, celebrated at imperial funerals, temple foundings, the lusus was occasionally presented at the Saecular Games, but was not attached regularly to a particular religious festival. Participation was a privilege for boys of the nobility and it was a display of communal skill, not a contest. The fullest description of the exercise is given by Vergil, Aeneid 5. 545–603, as the event in the games held to commemorate the anniversary of the death of Aeneass father. The Troy Game, however, was purely ceremonial and involved youths too young for military service, given the mythological setting, the description of the lusus Troiae in the Aeneid is likely to have been the Augustan poets fictional aetiology. Historically, the event cannot be shown to have been held before the time of Sulla, a similar-sounding event during the ludi Romani at the time of the Second Punic War is also uncertain as evidence for an earlier staging. Vergil explicitly compares the patterns of the drill to the Cretan Labyrinth, in myth and ritual, the labyrinth, and hence the lusus, has been interpreted as a return from danger, a triumph of life over death, or more specifically as an initiation ritual. The geranos of Theseus serves as a prototype for the escape of initiates from the rigors of initiation. The Troy Game was performed on a purification day, the game may have connections to Mars, who was associated with horses through his Equirria festivals and the ritual of the October Horse, as a patron of warrior youth. Mars youthful armed priests the Salii performed dance steps expressed by forms of the verb truare, here perhaps meaning to perform a truia dance, the Troy Game was supervised by the Tribunes of the Celeres, who are connected to the Salii in the Fasti Praenestini. Augustus established the lusus Troiae as a regular event, the young Tiberius led a turma at the games celebrating the dedication of the Temple of the Divine Julius,18 August 29 BC. The lusus was also performed at the dedication of the Theater of Marcellus in 13 BC, the children in eastern dress on the Ara Pacis have sometimes been interpreted as Gaius and Lucius Caesar in Trojan garb for the game in 13 BC. The Troy Game continued to be staged under other emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, seneca mentions the event in his Troades. Nero participated in 47 AD, at the age of nine, hippika gymnasia Taurian Games Troy Town
8. Team penning – Team penning is a western equestrian sport that evolved from the common ranch work of separating cattle into pens for branding, doctoring, or transport. The sport features 30 head of cattle, typically yearling beef cattle, with numbers affixed to their back, timing starts once the line judge has dropped his flag as the lead riders horse crosses the foul line. At that time, the announcer identifies the cattle to be separated by calling out a randomly drawn number or collar color. The riders must cut out the three head that have been nominated, take them to the end of the arena, pen them. Teamwork is the key with all three working in harmony to cut out the correct cattle and drive them to the pen while keeping the rest of the herd back. During a lunch break the trio reportedly came upon the idea of organizing what were routine cowboy chores into a competitive sport, the first organized competition is thought to have taken place at the Ventura County Fair in August 1949. Today, the sport is a fast-growing western horse sport in the United States, Canada, Australia, in North America, the primary team penning sanctioning organization is the United States Team Penning Association, headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas. There are an estimated 93,000 active team penners in North America, ranch Sorting Campdrafting Cutting Working cow horse United States Team Penning Association website Canadian Team Cattle Penning Association