Category:European Museum of the Year Award winners
Pages in category "European Museum of the Year Award winners"
The following 33 pages are in this category, out of 33 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 33 pages are in this category, out of 33 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Museum – Most large museums are located in major cities throughout the world and more local ones exist in smaller cities, towns and even the countryside. Museums have varying aims, ranging from serving researchers and specialists to serving the general public, the goal of serving researchers is increasingly shifting to serving the general public. There are many types of museums, including art museums, natural history museums, science museums, war museums, the city with the largest number of museums is Mexico City with over 128 museums. According to The World Museum Community, there are more than 55,000 museums in 202 countries, the English museum comes from the Latin word, and is pluralized as museums. The first museum/library is considered to be the one of Plato in Athens, however, Pausanias gives another place called Museum, namely a small hill in Classical Athens opposite to the Akropolis. The hill was called Mouseion after Mousaious, a man who used to sing on the hill, the purpose of modern museums is to collect, preserve, interpret, and display items of artistic, cultural, or scientific significance for the education of the public. The purpose can also depend on ones point of view, to a family looking for entertainment on a Sunday afternoon, a trip to a local history museum or large city art museum could be a fun, and enlightening way to spend the day. To city leaders, a healthy museum community can be seen as a gauge of the health of a city. To a museum professional, a museum might be seen as a way to educate the public about the museums mission, Museums are, above all, storehouses of knowledge. In 1829, James Smithsons bequest, that would fund the Smithsonian Institution, stated he wanted to establish an institution for the increase, Museums of natural history in the late 19th century exemplified the Victorian desire for consumption and for order. Gathering all examples of classification of a field of knowledge for research. As American colleges grew in the 19th century, they developed their own natural history collections for the use of their students, while many large museums, such as the Smithsonian Institution, are still respected as research centers, research is no longer a main purpose of most museums. While there is a debate about the purposes of interpretation of a museums collection, there has been a consistent mission to protect. Much care, expertise, and expense is invested in efforts to retard decomposition in aging documents, artifacts, artworks. All museums display objects that are important to a culture, as historian Steven Conn writes, To see the thing itself, with ones own eyes and in a public place, surrounded by other people having some version of the same experience can be enchanting. Museum purposes vary from institution to institution, some favor education over conservation, or vice versa. For example, in the 1970s, the Canada Science and Technology Museum favored education over preservation of their objects and they displayed objects as well as their functions. One exhibit featured a printing press that a staff member used for visitors to create museum memorabilia
2. Beamish Museum – Beamish, the North of England Open Air Museum is an open-air museum located at Beamish, near the town of Stanley, County Durham, England. Some say the reason it was here, was to show the residents of Stanley the future. The museums guiding principle is to preserve an example of life in urban. Much of the restoration and interpretation is specific to the late Victorian and Edwardian eras, the museum has received a number of awards since it opened its present site to visitors in 1972 and has been influential on other living museums. It is a significant educational resource, and helps to some traditional north-country. The idea for an open air regional museum came from the director of the Bowes Museum. As well as objects, Atkinson was also aiming to preserve the regions customs and he stated the new museum should attempt to make the history of the region live and vividly illustrate the way of life of ordinary people. He hoped the museum would be run by, be about and exist for the populace, desiring them to see the museum as theirs. Fearing it was now almost too late, Atkinson adopted a policy of unselective collecting — you offer it to us and we will collect it. With this space soon filled, a former British Army tank depot at Brancepeth was taken over, although in just a time its entire complement of 22 huts. In August 1970, with Atkinson appointed as its first full-time director, in 1971, an introductory exhibition, Museum in the Making opened at the hall. The museum was opened to visitors on its current site for the first time in 1972, the first trams began operating on a short demonstration line in 1973. The Town station was opened in 1976, the same year the reconstruction of the colliery winding engine house was completed. Opening of the mine as an exhibit followed in 1979. With the Co-op having opened in 1984 the town officially opened in 1985. The present arrangement of visitors entering from the south was introduced in 1986, at the beginning of the 1990s, further developments in the Pit Village were opened, the chapel in 1990, and the board school in 1992 The whole tram circle was in operation by 1993. Further additions to the Town came in 1994 with the opening of the shop and motor garage. The first Georgian component of the museum arrived when Pockerley Old Hall opened in 1995, due to its proximity, the latter has been cosmetically presented as Beamish Waggon and Iron Works
3. Chester Beatty Library – The Chester Beatty Library was established in Dublin, Ireland in 1950, to house the collections of mining magnate, Sir Alfred Chester Beatty. The present library, on the grounds of Dublin Castle, opened on February 7,2000, the Librarys collections are displayed in two collections, Sacred Traditions and Artistic Traditions. Both displays exhibit manuscripts, miniature paintings, prints, drawings, rare books and some decorative arts from the Islamic, East Asian and Western Collections. The Library is one of the sources for scholarship in both the Old and New Testaments and is home to one of the most significant collections of Islamic. The museum also offers numerous temporary exhibitions, many of which works of art on loan from foreign institutions and collections. The Western Collection houses many illuminated manuscripts, rare books and Old Master prints, the collection of papyri is one of the most extensive in the world and includes almost the entire corpus of Ancient Egyptian Love Songs. The Islamic Collection is divided between the Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Quran and Mughal-Era Indian Collections, the Arabic texts include treaties on religion, history, jurisprudence, medicine, geography, mathematics, astronomy and linguistics. Some of the finest miniatures from imperial Mughal albums, called Muraqqa, are housed in the Chester Beatty Library, with important paintings from the Late Shah Jahan Album and the Minto Album. The albums were the subject of an exhibition and publication by the Islamic curator, Dr. Elaine Wright, Muraqqa, often on display is the Ibn al-Bawwab Quran, copied by one of the greatest medieval Islamic calligraphers. The East Asian Collection has one of the most extensive collections of carved snuff bottles, many of which were included in the catalogue, The Chester Beatty Library, Dublin, Chinese Snuff Bottles. It also has good Japanese arts, including a pair of long picture-scrolls painted in the 17th century by Kanō Sansetsu, Chester Beatty Papyri The Contendings of Horus and Seth Official website
4. CosmoCaixa Barcelona – CosmoCaixa Barcelona is a science museum located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Formerly known as the Science Museum of Barcelona, it closed for renovations in 1998, the museum features a variety of exhibitions, permanent and temporary, that showcase the environment, nature, science, and space. CosmoCaixa also has a planetarium and exhibitions devoted to such as touch. It also has a bookstore, gift shop, library, teaching center, the museum is sponsored by la Caixa. Entry to the Museum is free for students under 18, adults too can enjoy at the Museum with an entry ticket of 4 euros. The building was built between 1904-1909 by Josep Domènech i Estapà to serve as an asylum for the blind which closed in 1979, the building was renovated, retaining the original facade, and an expansion took place bringing the building to four times its original size. An expansion of the building took place in 2004, cosmoCaixa has a large spiral walkway that takes visitors from the basement to the 5th floor. The centerpiece of the walkway is an Amazonian tree, cosmoCaixa has permanent and temporary exhibitions. It also houses a planetarium and has a public square that allows the public to experience natural science through interactive exhibitions. Entry tickets to the Planetarium is 4 euros for adult and students alike, tickets can also be bought at the Museum on the first floor. Flooded Forest A flooded forest which allows visitors to experience wet, ceiba trees are reproduced based on molds created by museum staff in Pará, Brazil. More than 100 living species are represented including birds, insects, frogs, piranhas, capybaras, geological Wall Large cuts of geological formations are displayed along a wall showing erosion, volcanism, faults, sedimentation and related processes. The Hall of Matter The Hall of Matter covers evolution starting with the Big Bang and it is broken into four sections, the origin of matter, the first living organism, the conquest of symbolic intelligence, and the birth of civilization. The exhibit touches on gravitational wave, chaos theory, biology, mobility, neurons, intelligence, Clik and Flash One of three interactive based exhibitions for young children, Clik and Flash uses games to encourage children to learn about science. Houses living creatures from around the world and the Mediterranean, Museum staff and scientists present animals and plants from three environments. Bubble Planetarium An astronomy based exhibition for children ages 3–8
5. Gallo-Roman Museum, Tongeren – The Gallo-Roman Museum is an archeological museum in Tongeren. It is dedicated to the times and Roman age of the region in South West Flanders. The museum was established in 1954 and received its building in 1994. In 2011, it was awarded as the European Museum of the Year, the permanent exhibition starts with the first humanoids in the region, the Neanderthals. It presents following cultures of hunters and several waves of farmers, the third floor is dedicated to the Gallo-Roman culture located in Tongeren. The exhibition closes with the first signs of Christianity, in 1995 the museum created an exhibition about the Neanderthals in Europa. It was later presented also in Hamburg, Germany, 2011/2012, Sagalassos, City of Dreams 2013, De Etrusken - Una storia particolare 2015, Gladiators - Heroes of the Colosseum Official website
6. Guggenheim Museum Bilbao – The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is a museum of modern and contemporary art, designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry, and located in Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain. The museum was inaugurated on 18 October 1997 by former King Juan Carlos I of Spain and it is one of the largest museums in Spain. The museum was the building most frequently named as one of the most important works completed since 1980 in the 2010 World Architecture Survey among architecture experts. In 1991, the Basque government suggested to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation that it would fund a Guggenheim museum to be built in Bilbaos decrepit port area, once the citys main source of income. In exchange, the Foundation agreed to manage the institution, rotate parts of its permanent collection through the Bilbao museum, the museum was built by Ferrovial, at a cost of US$89 million. About 5,000 residents of Bilbao attended a preopening extravaganza outside the museum on the preceding the official opening, featuring an outdoor light show. On 18 October 1997 the museum was opened by Juan Carlos I of Spain, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation selected Frank Gehry as the architect, and its director, Thomas Krens, encouraged him to design something daring and innovative. The curves on the exterior of the building were intended to appear random, the interior is designed around a large, light-filled atrium with views of Bilbaos estuary and the surrounding hills of the Basque country. The atrium, which Gehry nicknamed The Flower because of its shape, herbert Muschamp praised its mercurial brilliance in The New York Times Magazine. The Independent calls the museum an astonishing architectural feat, the building inspired other structures of similar design across the globe. With a total 24,000 m2, of which 11,000 m2 are dedicated to exhibition space, it had more exhibition space than the three Guggenheim collections in New York and Venice combined at that time. The 11,000 m2 of exhibition space are distributed over nineteen galleries, the remaining nine galleries are irregularly shaped and can be identified from the outside by their swirling organic forms and titanium cladding. The largest gallery measures 30 meters wide and 130 meters long, in 2005, it housed Richard Serras monumental installation The Matter of Time, which Robert Hughes dubbed courageous and sublime. The building was constructed on time and budget, which is rare for architecture of this type, in an interview in Harvard Design Magazine, Gehry explained how he did it. First, he ensured that what he calls the organization of the artist prevailed during construction, to prevent political, second, he made sure he had a detailed and realistic cost estimate before proceeding. Third, he used computer visualizations produced by his own Digital Project software, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines donated $1,000,000 towards its construction. In 1997, the museum opened with The Guggenheim Museums and the Art of This Century, the exhibitions change often, the museum generally hosts thematic exhibitions, centered for example on Chinese or Russian art. Traditional paintings and sculptures are a minority compared to installations and electronic forms, the highlight of the collection, and its only permanent exhibit, is The Matter of Time, a series of weathering steel sculptures designed by Serra, which is housed in the 130-meter Arcelor Gallery
7. POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews – POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews is a museum on the site of the former Warsaw Ghetto. The Hebrew word Polin in the name means, in English. The cornerstone was laid in 2007, and the museum was first opened on April 19,2013, the museums Core Exhibition opened in October 2014. The museum features a multimedia narrative exhibition about the living Jewish community that flourished in Poland for a thousand years up to the Holocaust, the building, a postmodern structure in glass, copper, and concrete, was designed by Finnish architects Rainer Mahlamäki and Ilmari Lahdelma. The idea for creating a new museum in Warsaw dedicated to the history of Polish Jews was initiated in 1995 by the Association of the Jewish Historical Institute of Poland. In 2005, the Association of the Jewish Historical Institute of Poland established a unique partnership with the Polish Ministry of Culture and National Heritage. The Museums first director was Jerzy Halbersztadt, in September 2006, a specially designed tent called Ohel was erected for exhibitions and events on the museums future location. An international architectural competition for designs for the building was launched in 2005, supported by a grant from the Ministry of Culture, on June 30,2005 the jury announced the winner, a team of two Finnish architects, Rainer Mahlamäki and Ilmari Lahdelma. On June 30,2009 construction of the building was officially inaugurated, the project was to be finished in 33 months at a cost of PLN150 million zloty allocated by the Ministry and the City. And a total cost of PLN320 million zloty, the museum opened the building and began its educational and cultural programs on April 19,2013 on the 70th Anniversary of Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. The Grand Opening, with the completed Core Exhibition, was on October 28,2014, the Core Exhibition documents and celebrates the thousand-year history of the Jewish community in Poland that was decimated by the Holocaust. In 2016 the museum won the European Museum of the Year Award from the European Museum Forum, the Museum faces the memorial commemorating the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of 1943. The Polish firm Kuryłowicz & Associates was responsible for construction, the buildings minimalist exterior is clad with glass fins and copper mesh. Silk screened on the glass is the word Polin, in Latin, the central feature of the building is its cavernous entrance hall. The main hall forms a high, undulating wall, the empty space is a symbol of cracks in the history of Polish Jews. Similar in shape to gorge, which could be a reference to the crossing of the Red Sea known from the Exodus, the museum is nearly 13,000 square meters of usable space. At the lowest level, in the basement of the building will be placed a main exhibition about history of Jews from the Middle Ages to modern times, the architects kept the museum in the colors of sand, giving it a more approachable feeling. In 2008, the design of the museum was awarded the Chicago Athenaeum International Architecture Award, in 2014, the designer Rainer Mahlamäki was awarded the Finlandia Prize for Architecture for his design of the museum
8. Kumu (museum) – Kumu is an art museum in Tallinn, Estonia. The museum is one of the largest museums in Estonia and one of the largest art museums in Northern Europe and it is one of the five branches of the Art Museum of Estonia, housing its main offices. Kumu is an abbreviation of the Estonian Kunstimuuseum, kumu presents both permanent collections and temporary exhibitions. The main collection covers Estonian art from the 18th century onwards, including works from the occupations period, Temporary exhibitions include both foreign and Estonian modern and contemporary art. Kumu received the prestigious European Museum of the Year Award of 2008 from the European Museum Forum, the designer of the building is Pekka Vapaavuori, a Finnish architect who won the competition in 1994. The museum is successfully positioned in the slope of Lasnamäe Hill. Ground floor, Entrance from the Kadriorg park side, auditorium, 1st floor, Entrance from the Lasnamägi car park side, terrace, information, cloakroom, toilets, large auditorium, library, bookstore and restaurant. 2nd floor, Classics of Estonian art from the 18th century until the end of the Second World War, 3rd floor, Estonian art from 1945 to 1991. 4th floor, Temporary contemporary art exhibitions, art after 1991, the Art Museum of Estonia was founded on November 17,1919, but it was not until 1921 that it got its first permanent building — the Kadriorg Palace, built in the 18th century. In 1929 the palace was expropriated from the Art Museum in order to rebuild it as the residence of the President of Estonia, the Art Museum of Estonia was housed in several different temporary spaces, until it moved back to the palace in 1946. In September,1991 the Kadriorg Palace was closed for renovation, at the end of 1991, then the Supreme Council of the Republic of Estonia decided to guarantee the construction of a new building for the Art Museum of Estonia in the Kadriorg park. Until the new building was finished, the Estonian Knighthood House at Toompea Hill in the old town of Tallinn served as the main building of the Art Museum of Estonia. The exhibition there was opened on April 1,1993, the Art Museum of Estonia permanently closed down the exhibitions in that building in October 2005. In the summer of 2000 the restored Kadriorg Palace was opened, but not as the building of the Art Museum of Estonia. The Kadriorg Art Museum now exhibits the art collection of the Art Museum of Estonia. For the first time in its nearly 100-year-old history, the Art Museum of Estonia now has a building that meets the museums requirements and is worthy of the Estonian art in its collections. Kumu includes exhibition halls, an auditorium that offers diverse possibilities, Art Museum of Estonia Official website Digital model of the museum
9. Leventis Municipal Museum of Nicosia – The Leventis Municipal Museum of Nicosia presents the history and social development of the city of Nicosia from the Chalcolithic period to the present day. The museum was founded in 1984 after the initiative of the Mayor of Nicosia, the museum is named after its donor Anastasios G. Leventis Foundation which bought and restored the building and its administered by the Municipality of Nicosia. In 1985, the Association of the Friends of the Museum was established and its main objective is to assist in enriching the museums collections. Anyone may join this association at a subscription fee of 5 Cyprus Pounds. On April 20,1989, the Municipality of Nicosia and the Anastasios G. Leventis Foundation opened the museum to the public, the collections displayed in its permanent galleries represent over 5.000 years of the capitals history. The collection of the Museum were established after 1984, most of them were gathered from donations, private collections, sponsoring and special funding from the Anastasios G. Leventis Foundation. Donations related with the history and social development of Nicosia are always welcome, the exhibits are arranged so that visitors are guided from the present days of Nicosia, the capital of the Republic of Cyprus, through to the Ancient period. Every year the museum organises and hosts a number of exhibitions, lectures, educational programmes. The Shop of the Museum is run by the Association of the Friends of the Museum and their task is to increase the sales of the shop, so that they buy and then donate to the Museum new objects for its collections. One may buy souvenirs, copies of antique objects, books. Every school year, since 1989, the museum has organised special educational programmes for children of all ages. Special workshops and educational programmes for children and adults are also organised during the year, a small library with publications and other material on the history of Nicosia as well as rare and old publications on Cyprus is open for researchers only by appointment
10. Medina Azahara – It was an Arab Muslim medieval town and the de facto capital of al-Andalus, or Muslim Spain, as the heart of the administration and government was within its walls. Built beginning in 936-940, the city included ceremonial reception halls, mosques, administrative and government offices, gardens, a mint, workshops, barracks, residences, and baths. The main reason for its construction was politico-ideological, the dignity of the Caliph required the establishment of a new city, above all, it demonstrated his superiority over his great rivals, the Fatimids of Ifriqiya in Northern Africa, as well as the Abbasid Caliphs in Baghdad. Legend also says it was built as a tribute to the favourite of the Caliph, the complex was extended during the reign of Abd ar-Rahman IIIs son Al-Hakam II, but after his death soon ceased to be the main residence of the Caliphs. In 1010 it was sacked in a war, and thereafter abandoned. Its ruins were excavated starting from the 1910s, spaces associated with the palace guard, some large administrative buildings. The extraordinary court complex presided over by the reception hall, the great garden spaces, and just outside this area, the congregational mosque. There was also a quarry of limestone, used for the primary construction, the citys construction led to a road, water and supply infrastructure partly preserved until today in the form of remains of roads, quarries, aqueducts and bridges. The topography played a role in shaping the city. Taking full advantage of the terrain, the palace city of Madinat az-Zahra was distributed in three terraces. Unlike the labyrinthine and chaotic character typical of Muslim urbanism, the site of the city adopted a rectangular shape comprising an area of 112 hectares. It extended 1,500 metres per side from east to west and about 750 metres from north to south, just warped on the north side by the need to adapt to the difficult topography of the terrain. Next is the city proper, with housing, crafts, the only spaces built on the lowest level are two broad bands, the western, with an urban management orthogon, and the eastern, with less rigid planning. There were two complexes outside but close by the city, one a large villa at the centre of an agricultural estate. The other, Turruñuelos, was a rectangular building, perhaps a barracks. In turn, the section of the old Roman aqueduct now diverted was used as a sewer for a highly complex system of small channels carrying away rain. Many food and ceramic remains have been found here, the initial construction of the palace was very rapid, begun in 936 or 940, the mosque was completed in 941 and by 945 the caliph was in residence, moving in the mint by 947. However, construction continued for decades, with changes of plan
11. Museum of Anatolian Civilizations – The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is located on the south side of Ankara Castle in the Atpazarı area in Ankara, Turkey. It consists of the old Ottoman Mahmut Paşa bazaar storage building, after the remodelling and repairs were completed, the building was opened to the public as the Ankara Archaeological Museum. Today, Kurşunlu Han, used as a building, houses the work rooms, library, conference hall, laboratory. The old bazaar building houses the exhibits, within this Ottoman building, the museum has a number of exhibits of Anatolian archeology. The exhibits of gold, silver, glass, marble and bronze works date back as far as the half of the first millennium BC. The coin collections, with examples ranging from the first minted money to modern times, the first museum in Ankara was established by Mübarek Galip Bey, Directorate of Culture, in 1921, in the section of the Castle of Ankara called Akkale. In addition to museum, artifacts from the Augustus Temple. Upon recommendation of Atatürk and from the view of establishing an Eti Museum in the center, the Director of Culture at that time, Hamit Zübeyir Koşay and Saffet Arıkan, Minister of Education recommended that the Mahmut Paşa Bazaar and the Inn be repaired and converted into a museum. This recommendation was accepted and restoration continued from 1938 to 1968, upon the completion of repairs of the bazaar, where the domed structure is, in 1940, a committee chaired by German Archaeologist H. G. Guterbock arranged the museum. In 1943, while the repairs of the building were still in progress, repair projects of this part were carried out by Architect Macit Kural and repair work upon tender was performed by Architect Zühtü Bey. In 1948 the museum administration left Akkale as a house. Restoration and exhibition projects of the part around the structure were prepared and applied by Architect İhsan Kıygı. Five shops were left in their form, and the walls between the shops were destroyed and thus a large location was provided for exhibition. The museum building reached its present structure in 1968, the Anatolian Civilizations Museum is in two Ottoman buildings located near Ankara Castle, in the historical Atpazarı district of Ankara. One of the buildings is Mahmut Paşa Bedesteni and the other is Kurşunlu Han, the Mahmut Paşa Bedesteni was built by Mahmut Pasha, one of the ministers of Mehmed II the Conqueror during 1464-1471. The building does not have any inscriptions, in some sources, it is recorded that pure Angora garments were distributed here. The design of the building is of the classical type, there are 10 domes covering a rectangle designed to enclose the location, and there are 102 shops facing each other. According to historical records and registry books, the Kurşunlu Han was built as a foundation to finance Mehmet Pashas alms giving in Üsküdar and it does not have any inscriptions either