Category:Foreign Heroes of the Soviet Union
Pages in category "Foreign Heroes of the Soviet Union"
The following 33 pages are in this category, out of 33 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 33 pages are in this category, out of 33 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Marcel Albert – Marcel Albert was a French World War II flying ace who flew for the air forces of the Vichy government and the Free French forces, and also for the Royal Air Force. Albert grew up in a working-class family and he became a mechanic, building gearboxes for Renault, and was accepted for pilot training in the French Armée de lAir in May 1938. After primary and advanced training, he was posted at the training center in Chartres. In February 1940 Albert was assigned to Groupe de Chasse I/3, a unit operating Frances top fighter, when German troops invaded France in May 1940, his squadron was redeployed to the Reims airfield. On 14 May 1940, Albert shot down a Do 17 bomber and later that day and he also earned a probable victory over a Heinkel He 111 bomber before the armistice. Under the Vichy government, his squadron was redeployed to Algeria where Albert flew a few missions against the British forces in Gibraltar, on 14 October he and two other pilots defected and surrendered their airplanes to the British. Having reached England, Albert joined the RAF and flew 47 missions in Spitfires with 340 Squadron, in late 1942, Albert joined the Normandie fighter group, a Free French fighter unit that was being sent to the Soviet Union to help fight the Germans. The Normandie group entered the fight in April 1943, flying Russian-built Yak-1 fighters, Albert quickly proved to be one of Normandies best pilots. His first kill was over a Focke-Wulf Fw 189 on 16 June 1943, in July he claimed 3 more, and he was given command of the 1st escadrille on 4 September 1943. During the offensive against Eastern Prussia in October 1944, he scored 7 victories and his score totaled 23 victories in 262 combat missions, making him the second highest-scoring French ace of World War II. On 27 November 1944 he was awarded the Soviet Unions highest decoration, after the war Albert flew as a test pilot in 1946 and was later sent to Czechoslovakia as air attaché, where he met his future wife. In 1948, he left the military and moved to the United States with his wife, Albert died there on 23 August 2010. Aerostories Interview with Marcel Albert at simulation-france-magazine. com Marcel Albert at Find a Grave
2. Abdel Hakim Amer – Mohamed Abdel Hakim Amer was an Egyptian general and political leader. Amer was born in Astal, Samallot, in the Al Minya Governorate on 11 December 1919, after finishing grade school, he attended the Cairo Military Academy and graduated in 1938. He was commissioned into the Egyptian Army in 1939, Amer served in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, took part in the 1952 Revolution and commanded the Egyptian Army in the Suez Crisis, the North Yemen Civil War and the Six-Day War. Amer played a role in the military coup that overthrew King Farouk in 1952. The following year, Amer was made Egypts Chief-of-Staff, bypassing four military ranks, in 1956, Amer was appointed commander-in-chief of the joint military command established by Egypt and Syria. He also led Egyptian forces against both Israeli and allied British-French forces during the 1956 Suez war, after the fighting ended, Amer accused Nasser of provoking an unnecessary war and then blaming the military for the result. As Nassers representative in Syria, Amer was detained by rebels during the 1961 Syrian coup détat, in March 1964, Amer was made first vice-president to Nasser and deputy supreme commander, with the power to rule for 60 days if the president was incapacitated. Amers distinguished career came to an end after Egypts crushing defeat by Israel in the Six-Day War of June 1967. Many historians have stated that much the Egyptian militarys failures in the 1967 war can be laid at the feet of Amer, when Amer heard of the fall of Abu Ageila to Israel, he panicked and ordered all units in the Sinai to retreat. This order effectively meant the defeat of Egypt, shortly after the Six Day War ended, he was relieved of all his duties and forced into early retirement. In August that year, Amer, along with over 50 Egyptian military officers and he was kept under house arrest at his villa in Giza. After surviving and being taken home the day, he managed to evade his guards. Later, Cairo radio announced his burial in his village of Astal. Amer chose the option and received a full military burial. Anwar Al Sadat, who later became President of Egypt, expressed his opinion if he was in Amers position. In September 2012, Amers family filed a case to investigate his death and they claimed that he was murdered. Abdel Hakim Amer was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on 13 May 1964, malaysia, Honorary Grand Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm
3. Ahmed Ben Bella – Ahmed Ben Bella was an Algerian socialist soldier and revolutionary who was the first President of Algeria from 1963 to 1965. Ahmed Ben Bella was born in Maghnia, in the department of Oran, western Algeria, on 25 December 1916. He was son of a farmer and small businessman, who supported his family through this economic activities and he had five brothers and two sisters. As it, he started complaining and chafed imperialism and colonialism and criticized French cultural influence, Ben Bella volunteered for service in the French Army in 1936. The Army was one of the few avenues of advancement for Algerians under colonial rule, posted to Marseille he played center mid-field for Olympique de Marseille in 1939–1940. His only appearance for the club was in a game against FC Antibes in the Coupe de France on 29 April 1940 in Cannes and he also scored a goal during the game. The club officials offered him a spot on the team. He also played for IRB Maghnia, Ben Bella conscripted to the army again in 1940, believing that this would give Algerians an equal treatment. Thereby, he fought for the French during World War II and he received the ″Croix de guerre″ after manning an anti-aircraft post during the german invasion in 1940. He was demobilised after the fall of France but joined a regiment of Moroccan tirailleurs with whom he saw throughout the Italian campaign. There, he was awarded because of his bravery demonstrated at Monte Cassino. For this, he was promoted to the rank of warrant officer, and he received the ″Médaille militaire″, on May 81945, while France was celebrating Germany’s capitulation, big protests started to occur in the Algerian town of Setif. Cruelties of colonialism became worse during the period, so Algerian people stood up against it. Thus, the protests turned to five days of rape and killing, the anti-colonialist however, put Algerian number of deaths around ten thousands. This shocked Ben Bella and his Algerian companions, as they realized that they start receiving an equal treatment even after their services in war. After the events of Setif, Ben Bella returned to Algeria, reincorporating into its political life, French authorities sent assailants with the intentions of assassinating him on his farm. The attempt to his life failed, but Ben Bella’s farm was confiscated, after the Government election of Marcel-Edmond Naegelen, he became part of a group that thought democratic independence was something illusory. Together with Messali Hadjs and his party, he founded the Organisation Spéciale and this was the immediate predecessor of the National Liberation Front
4. Fidel Castro – Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was a Cuban revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008. Politically a Marxist–Leninist and Cuban nationalist, he served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 1961 until 2011. Under his administration, Cuba became a one-party socialist state, industry and business were nationalized, born in Birán, Oriente as the son of a wealthy Spanish farmer, Castro adopted leftist anti-imperialist politics while studying law at the University of Havana. After a years imprisonment, he traveled to Mexico where he formed a revolutionary group, returning to Cuba, Castro took a key role in the Cuban Revolution by leading the Movement in a guerrilla war against Batistas forces from the Sierra Maestra. After Batistas overthrow in 1959, Castro assumed military and political power as Cubas Prime Minister, adopting a Marxist–Leninist model of development, Castro converted Cuba into a one-party, socialist state under Communist Party rule, the first in the Western Hemisphere. Policies introducing central economic planning and expanding healthcare and education were accompanied by control of the press. These actions, coupled with Castros leadership of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1979 to 1983 and Cubas medical internationalism, following the Soviet Unions dissolution in 1991, Castro led Cuba into its Special Period and embraced environmentalist and anti-globalization ideas. In the 2000s he forged alliances in the Latin American pink tide—namely with Hugo Chávezs Venezuela—and signed Cuba up to the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas, in 2006 he transferred his responsibilities to Vice-President Raúl Castro, who was elected to the presidency by the National Assembly in 2008. Castro is a world figure. His supporters view him as a champion of socialism and anti-imperialism whose revolutionary regime advanced economic, critics view him as a dictator whose administration oversaw human-rights abuses, the exodus of a large number of Cubans, and the impoverishment of the countrys economy. He was decorated with various awards and significantly influenced various individuals. In 1960 Castro was bestowed with the Grand Slam Silver Trophy in the prestigious Ernest Hemingway International Billfishing Tournament after he caught a sailfish, Castro was born out of wedlock at his fathers farm on August 13,1926. His father, Ángel Castro y Argiz, was a migrant to Cuba from Galicia, aged six, Castro was sent to live with his teacher in Santiago de Cuba, before being baptized into the Roman Catholic Church at the age of eight. Being baptized enabled Castro to attend the La Salle boarding school in Santiago, in 1945 he transferred to the more prestigious Jesuit-run El Colegio de Belén in Havana. Although Castro took an interest in history, geography and debating at Belén, he did not excel academically, in 1945, Castro began studying law at the University of Havana. Admitting he was illiterate, he became embroiled in student activism. In 1947, Castro joined the Party of the Cuban People, a charismatic figure, Chibás advocated social justice, honest government, and political freedom, while his party exposed corruption and demanded reform. Though Chibás came third in the 1948 general election, Castro remained committed to working on his behalf, in later years anti-Castro dissidents accused him of committing gang-related assassinations at the time, but these remain unproven
5. Roland de la Poype – Roland Paulze dIvoy de la Poype was a World War II fighter ace, member of the Normandie-Niemen fighter group that fought on the Soviet front. He was also an industry pioneer and founder of the Antibes Marineland in 1970. His father, an agronomist and reserve officer in the French army, was killed at the front in May 1940, aged 19 years old in August 1939 de la Poype enrolled in the French air force and began training as a pilot. He finished his training in March 1940, shortly before the German invasion of France, with comrades from the fighter training school of Etampes, he managed to flee to Saint-Jean-de-Luz to board a ship to England. An indication of his abilities, he was selected as wingman by the squadrons commanding officer, 32-victory Irish ace. He claimed his first aircraft destroyed, a Messerschmitt Bf 109, on 22 August 1942 over Gravelines, the two squadrons, initially called the Normandie Group, were assigned the Yak-1B fighter and attached to the 303rd Fighter Aviation Division of the 1st Air Army. On 31 August 1943 he shot down a Ju 87 Stuka dive-bomber and this was his second aerial victory and his first on the Soviet front. De la Poype was one of four members of the regiment to be awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. After leaving the Soviet Union on 20 June 1945 he became an air attaché in Belgium, an inventor, de La Poype understood that plastics and disposable packaging would become very important. As head of the Société dEtudes et dApplications du Plastique, he set up his first plastics factory in May 1947 and he is also the designer of the Citroen Mehari. De la Poype created the Marineland in Antibes in 1970 in order to educate the public about marine life and he retired in 1985 but retained ownernership until 2006. He and his artist wife Marie-Nöelle lived in a lavish Paris apartment a half-mile from the Trocadero and he was also mayor of Champigné and was the owner of a golf course near Angers
6. Muhammed Faris – Muhammed Ahmed Faris is a Syrian military aviator. He was the first Syrian and the second Arab in space, born in Aleppo, Syria, he was a pilot in the Syrian Air Force with the rank of a colonel. He specialized in navigation when he was selected to participate in the Intercosmos spaceflight program on 30 September 1985 and he flew as Research Cosmonaut in the Interkosmos program on Soyuz TM-3 to the Mir space station in July 1987, spending 7 days 23 hours and 5 minutes in space. He returned to Earth aboard Soyuz TM-2, Muhammed Faris was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on 30 July 1987. He was also awarded the Order of Lenin, after his spaceflight, he returned to the Syrian Air Force and lived in Aleppo. He is married and has three children, on 4 August 2012, during the Syrian civil war, he defected from Assads government and joined the armed opposition. On 13 September 2012, made an interview with Al Aan TV. List of Muslim astronauts Spacefacts biography of Muhammed Faris
7. Bertalan Farkas – Bertalan Farkas is the first Hungarian cosmonaut and the first Esperantist in space. He is currently the president of Airlines Service and Trade, with Charles Simonyis travel, Farkas is no longer the only Hungarian who has been to space. Born in Gyulaháza, he graduated from the George Kilián Aeronautical College in Szolnok in 1969 and he then attended the Krasnodar Military Aviation Institute in the Soviet Union, from where he graduated in 1972. After earning his qualifications at University, Farkas joined the Hungarian Air Force, in 1978 he volunteered to become a cosmonaut and was selected as part of the fifth international programme for Intercosmos. His backup cosmonaut was Béla Magyari, Farkas, along with Soviet cosmonaut Valeri Kubasov, was launched into space on Soyuz 36 from Baikonur Cosmodrome on May 26,1980, at 18,20. While in orbit, Farkas conducted experiments in material science, after 7 days,20 hours and 45 minutes, and having completed 124 orbits, Farkas and Kubasov returned to Earth, landing 140 km southeast of Jezkazgan. Bertalan Farkas was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on June 30,1980, Farkas is married to Anikó Farkas, and has three children, Aida, Ádám and Bertalan. He loves tennis and plays it often and he was a member of the Hungarian Democratic Forum, a Hungarian conservative political party, and was its candidate at the 2006 parliamentary election in the Baktalórántháza election district. He holds the rank of Commander in the Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem in Hungary, spacefacts biography of Bertalan Farkas His biography at Hungary. hu