Category:Former Liiga teams
This category has only the following subcategory.
- ► Jokerit (2 C, 3 P)
This category has only the following subcategory.
1. SM-liiga – The Liiga, known as SM-liiga from 1975 to 2013, and colloquially called the Finnish Elite League in English, is the top professional ice hockey league in Finland. As of March 2008, it is ranked by the IIHF as the second strongest league in Europe and it was created in 1975 to replace the SM-sarja, which was fundamentally an amateur league. The SM-liiga is not directly overseen by the Finnish Ice Hockey Association, SM is a common abbreviation for Suomen mestaruus, Finnish championship. On 9 August 2013, the dropped the SM. In the 2011–12 season there were 14 teams, the league was opened in 2005 and allowed KalPa to get a promotion. In 2009 a new system was introduced and it includes the last placed SM-liiga team facing the Mestis champion in a best of seven playout series, the SM-liiga was constituted in 1975 to concentrate the development of top level Finnish ice hockey, and pave the way towards professionalism. Its predecessor, the SM-sarja, being a competition, had its disadvantages. One of the problems was that the governing of the SM-sarja was based on the annual meeting of the Finnish Ice Hockey Association. Since all clubs registered under the Finnish Ice Hockey Association had the right to vote, therefore, the concentrated development of top-level Finnish ice hockey by the motivated and financially capable clubs proved arduous. The new SM-liiga was to be run by a board consisting of its participating clubs only, the SM-sarja was also outdated on its own, as it was run according to amateur principles. Clubs were not supposed to pay their players beyond compensation for lost wages, however, by the 1970s many clubs were already run like businesses and recruited players through a contract of employment, paying their wages secretly and often evading taxes. However, in 1974, accounting reform in Finland extended book-keeping standards to sports clubs. The SM-liiga was to allow wages for players, and clubs were put under a tighter supervision. They were to establish their own association for SM-liiga ice hockey only, separating their commitments from junior activities, copies of all player contracts were to be sent to the SM-liiga to provide players with adequate security, such as insurance and pensions. The SM-sarja had other limits for players, according to amateur ideals, no player could represent more than one club within one season. To discourage trading, a system of quarantine was in force, the SM-liiga stripped the limitations for players, replaced quarantine with a then-modest transfer payment, and introduced the transfer list. Players wanting a transfer were to sign up, and the SM-liiga would distribute the right of negotiations to clubs, in practice the list was not successful, as both parties often worked their way around the formalities. These changes led to a transition towards professional ice hockey as the league became semi-professional
2. Jokerit – Jokerit is a professional ice hockey team based in Helsinki, Finland. They are members of the Bobrov Division of the Western Conference of the Kontinental Hockey League, the team won 6 league championships as a member of the Finnish Liiga. Jokerit plays its games at the Hartwall Arena. They joined the Kontinental Hockey League for the 2014–15 KHL season, officially, Jokerit were established on 27 October 1967, at their constitutional meeting. The clubs sole owner Mäkinen chose to wield power, becoming in practice also the board. The insignia, winking jester, was adapted from jokers of various card decks and their home venue was Helsinki Ice Hall. Mäkinen did not intend his new club to loiter in the lower series, with him, Pentti Hiiros and Timo Kyntölä would form nallipyssyketju until 1975, when the latter retired. Promotion to the highest level, SM-sarja, took two years later. Immediately after the promotion was secured, Mäkinen began an acquisition of star players. Among them were the national team regulars defenceman Ilpo Koskela with forwards Henry Leppä and Timo Sutinen, other, later reinforcements worthy of a mention were forward Jouko Öystilä and defenceman Timo Saari, and finally, head coach Matti Lampainen. In 1969, IIHF had loosened amateur rules by permitting bodychecking anywhere in the rink, SM-sarja underwent a tactical revolution as physical, mean play became a means to success. Lampainen, however, reckoned physical play unsuitable for the line-up at hand and he guided the team, with success, towards a play that demanded technique and clever tactics. This became the trademark of Jokerit that stuck all the way to the late 1990s and resulted in the way Jokerit played as being branded as neitikiekko, which roughly translates as playing like women. Despite winning Finnish championship silver in 1971 and gold in 1973 and he started downsizing the teams budget by methodically replacing departing stars with junior players. Success slowly declined and Jokerit only just managed to avoid relegation from the Finnish elite-level league several times and this, combined with Mäkinens controversial manner of management – the emphasis being place on non-physical play – led to the club facing an uncertain and turbulent future. When a replacement candidate turned up in 1980, Mäkinen retired from the ownership, new owners, Jokeriklubin Tuki Ry, were a conventional association supervised by its board. Under new management, the club didnt instantly shake off its wobbliness, having signed mainly outcasts of other clubs, they suddenly hit jackpot, for the 1982–1983 season, the club signed Soviet Unions national team defenceman Nikolai Makarov. As a result, Jokerit had a season and advanced all the way to the SM-Liiga finals
3. Espoo Blues – The Espoo Blues were an ice hockey team in the SM-liiga. They played in Espoo, Finland, at the Barona Areena, the club went bankrupt at the end of the 2015–16 Liiga season. The club was established in February 1984 as Kiekko-Espoo and played their first season in 1984–85 in the Finnish Second Division. In 1988, they achieved promotion to the Finnish First Division, tero Lehterä scored the winning goal and Jere Lehtinen assisted. Kiekko-Espoo ended its first two seasons in SM-liiga in 11th place out of 12 teams, in the 1994–95 season, the team made the playoffs for the first time, losing to Lukko in quarter-finals. In 1997–98, Kiekko-Espoo caused an upset by beating regular season winner TPS in the quarter-finals. Kiekko-Espoo ended the season in fourth place, in the next summer, the team name was changed. The name came from the dominant colour of their home jersey, during the 1998–99 season, the team moved to its current home, LänsiAuto Areena. The first seasons in their new home were difficult despite the team signing many big names, the Blues missed the playoffs in 2001 and 2005. In 2002–03, the Blues had their best regular season, finishing in fourth place, only to lose against eventual champion Tappara in overtime of the seventh quarter-final. The team took a forward in 2006–07 when they reached the semi-finals for the first time. During the 2007–08 season, the Blues set a new record by winning 12 games in a row. The team eventually ended up second after losing in the finals to Kärpät, in the next season, the team was again second after the regular season, but lost against Kärpät in the semi-finals, as well as the bronze medal game against KalPa. The season also included participation in the Champions Hockey League, where the Blues lost in the semi-finals against eventual champion ZSC Lions of Switzerland, the 2009–10 season was difficult for the team, and the Blues failed to reach the quarter-finals. In 2010–11, the team ended the season in ninth place. The team then made history by becoming the first team in the SM-liiga to advance from the wild card round to the semi-finals, in the semi-finals, the Blues continued their string of upsets and beat regular season winners JYP in five games. In the finals, HIFK swept the series in four games, in the 2011–12 season, the Blues finished eighth in the regular season. After beating Lukko in the wild card round, the team faced KalPa in the quarter-finals, the Blues made history again, becoming the first team in SM-liiga history to win the series after being down 0–3
4. TUTO Hockey – TUTO Hockey is a Finnish ice hockey team based at the Kupittaan jäähalli. Established in 1929, TuTo plays in Turku, Finland, and is one of two clubs in that city, the Full name of the club is TUTO Hockey. They play in the second highest ice hockey league in Finland, Mestis, Updated December 16,2013 Updated December 16,2013 Official Website