Category:Former Major League Soccer stadiums
Pages in category "Former Major League Soccer stadiums"
The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
Empire Field was a temporary Canadian football and soccer stadium built at Hastings Park in the Canadian city of Vancouver, British Columbia. Located on the site of the former Empire Stadium, the 27,528 spectator venue was constructed to allow a new roof to be installed at BC Place in 2010 and 2011. Empire Field was home to the Canadian Football Leagues BC Lions for the 2010 and part of the 2011 seasons, the venue was constructed by Nussli Group in three months, cost $14.4 million and opened on June 15,2010. The venue featured 20,500 roofed bucket seats—with the remaining 7,000 being benches—12 luxury suites, a room, flood lighting. Dismantling took place in November and December 2011 and the site is now used as a community playing field, Empire Field was built on the same lot as Empire Stadium, which was originally built for the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games. The 32, 375-spectator stadium was used by the Lions from 1954 until 1982, for soccer, the venue was used by North American Soccer Leagues Vancouver Royals from 1967 to 1968 and subsequently by the Vancouver Whitecaps from 1974 to 1982.
Both the Lions and Whitecaps moved to the newly constructed, 60,000 seat BC Place for the 1983 season, Empire Stadium was demolished in 1993, and the location converted to a community sports park. The Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation opened Empire Bowl on the site on 2003 and it had irrigated grass soccer fields, two baseball diamonds and a gravel running track. Following a 2007 roof deflation at BC Place, Premier Gordon Campbell announced on the plans to build a roof on the stadium. The construction was financed through a loan from the government to PavCo. The decision to build the roof was, according to Whitecaps president Bob Lenarduzzi, in 2009, the Whitecaps signed a five-year agreement to play their home matches at BC Place, starting in 2011. Because BC Place was to be used as the Olympic Stadium during the 2010 Winter Olympics, the details for the stadium were launched av PNE and PavCo on December 22,2009. The venue cost $14.4 million in a fixed-price contract, representatives from both teams stated that they hoped to play on the nostalgia factor for the effected seasons.
Although the board was responsible for operating the facilities, the land was owned by PNE, there were no public hearings or a city council vote to decide on the issue. The contract to build the stadium was issued the Nussli Group of Switzerland and they used their NT grandstand system, which allowed for modular construction of stands. Construction implemented 2,500 tonnes of material, nusslis senior project manager, Florian Weber, stated that the most difficult part of the construction was the occupancy permit, caused by the short construction schedule. Construction took 111 days, and was completed in late June 2010, several commentators stated that use of temporary stadiums on a permanent basis could be used for other MLS and CFL stadia. For instance, the price of building an 18,500 seat permanent soccer-specific stadium was averaging $200 million
Ohio Stadium, known as the Horseshoe, the Shoe, and the House that Harley built, is an American football stadium in Columbus, United States, on the campus of The Ohio State University. Its primary purpose is the venue of the Ohio State Buckeyes football team. From 1996 to 1998, Ohio Stadium was the venue for the Columbus Crew of Major League Soccer prior to the opening of Columbus Crew Stadium in 1999. The stadium was the venue for the OSU track. Permanent field lights were added in 2014, the stadium opened in 1922 as a replacement for Ohio Field and had a seating capacity of 66,210. In 1923, a running track was added that was upgraded to an all-weather track. Seating capacity gradually increased over the years and reached a total of 91,470 possible spectators in 1991. Beginning in 2000, the stadium was renovated and expanded in phases, removing the track and adding additional seating. In 2014, additional seating was added in the end zone and it is the largest stadium by capacity in the state of Ohio, the third largest football stadium in the United States, and the fourth largest non-racing stadium in the world.
Ohio Stadium was added to the National Register of Historic Places by the National Park Service on March 22,1974, as early as 1913, Ohio Field at High Street and Woodruff Avenue was unable to contain the crowds attracted to many Buckeye home football games. This led to faculty discussion of moving the site elsewhere and building a new facility, the growing popularity of football in Ohio led to the design of a horseshoe-shaped stadium and designed by architect Howard Dwight Smith in 1918. A public-subscription Stadium Campaign to fund the project began in October 1920 and raised over $1.1 million in pledges by January 1921, of which $975,001 were actually honored. The stadium was built in 1922 by E. H. Latham Company of Columbus, with materials and labor from the Marble Cliff Quarry Co. at a construction cost of $1.34 million, the stadiums original capacity was 66,210. Upon completion, it was the largest poured concrete structure in the world, many university officials feared that the stadium would never be filled to capacity.
Smith employed numerous revolutionary architectural techniques while building the stadium, at the base is a slurry wall to keep out the waters from the Olentangy River, the stadium sets on the flood plain. Instead of employing numerous columns like those at Harvard Stadium, Smith designed double columns that allow for more space between columns. The first game in the stadium was against Ohio Wesleyan University on October 7,1922, and brought a crowd of around 25,000 and this concern was put to rest at the stadiums formal dedication against Michigan on October 21, which the Wolverines won, 19–0. The crowd was announced at the game to be 72,000 and this attendance mark was broken in a game against Michigan in 1926 when 90,411 came out to support the Buckeyes, this is the last time standing-room-only tickets were sold for a game
Lockhart Stadium is a stadium used mostly for soccer in Fort Lauderdale, United States. It is the home of the Fort Lauderdale Strikers of North American Soccer League and it has seen use in a variety of sports, particularly soccer and American football. In 1998 it was refitted specifically for soccer as the home of the Miami Fusion in Major League Soccer and it was the home stadium of the Florida Atlantic Owls football team from 2002 to 2010. The stadium was built in 1959 as part of a new complex that included the Fort Lauderdale Stadium baseball park. The stadium was named for former city commissioner H. Y. Doug Lockhart and was dedicated at a game on September 18,1959. For nearly twenty years, Lockhart Stadium was primarily used for high school football and track, a more substantial role as a soccer venue came in 1977, when the Miami Toros of the original North American Soccer League relocated to the stadium, renaming themselves the Fort Lauderdale Strikers. This began Lockharts long association with the sport, the Strikers played there until 1982, when they moved to Minnesota.
On November 23,1980, the United States mens national team defeated Mexico 2-1 in a World Cup qualifier at Lockhart. After the departure of the Strikers, the stadium returned to its original use for high school sports for several years. The stadium would, play host to Miami Dolphins scrimmages during training camps in the late 1990s, in 1998, the stadium was renovated for use by the Miami Fusion F. C. of Major League Soccer. The renovation increased capacity to 20,000 and redesigned the field expressly for soccer and this was an unusual move at the time, as all other MLS teams played in football stadiums, and started the leagues eventual trend toward soccer-specific stadiums. The stadium continued to host high-profile soccer games through this period, uniteds 1998 victory over Vasco da Gama in the Interamerican Cup. However, the Fusion were contracted by the league in 2002, in 2003 Lockhart was refitted once again for use by the Florida Atlantic University Owls college football team. In 2011, the Owls began playing at the on-campus FAU Stadium in Boca Raton, billy Grahams final South Florida crusade took place at the Lockhart Stadium in 1985.
The stadium was host to the 2007 Caribbean Carnival for Broward County, the stadium hosted the 2008 and 2009 MLS combines. In 2009, Miami FC moved to Lockhart Stadium from Miami and they changed their name to the Fort Lauderdale Strikers in 2011
Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium, commonly known as RFK Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium in Washington, D. C. located about two miles due east of the U. S. Capitol building. It is the current home of D. C, United of Major League Soccer and the AT&T Nations Football Classic. The U. S. mens national team has played 22 matches there from 1977 to 2013. The stadium opened 56 years ago as District of Columbia Stadium in October 1961, armory Board and the U. S. Department of the Interior. It is now owned and operated by Events DC, an organization affiliated with the city government under a long-term lease from the National Park Service. The previous venue for baseball and football in Washington was Griffith Stadium and it has hosted international soccer matches in the 1994 World Cup,1996 Summer Olympics, and 2003 Womens World Cup. It hosted a college bowl game, the Military Bowl, before its move in 2013 to Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium in Annapolis. The stadium was renamed in January 1969 for U.
S, Senator and presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy, who had been assassinated in Los Angeles the previous June. The announcement was made by Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall on January 18, RFK was one of the first major stadiums designed specifically as a multi-sport facility for both football and baseball. As a professional venue, RFK Stadium was home to the NFLs Redskins for 36 seasons. The teams return to prominence as a football power began the year that the original baseball Senators played their final season. The Redskins first game in D. C, Stadium was a 24–21 loss to the New York Giants on October 1,1961. The Beatles performed their last concert in Washington, D. C. on August 15,1966, the teams first win in the stadium was over its future archrival, the Dallas Cowboys, on December 17. This was the win in a 1–12–1 season, and it came on the final weekend of the regular season. The Redskins last win at RFK was a 37–10 victory over the Cowboys on December 22,1996, in its twelfth season, RFK saw its first pro football playoff game on Christmas Eve 1972, a 16–3 win over the Green Bay Packers.
The stadium hosted the NFC Championship Game five times and the Redskins won them all, in the Super Bowls that followed, Washington won three of the five. The expansion Washington Senators of the American League played at RFK Stadium from 1962 through 1971 and they played their first season in 1961 at Griffith Stadium, now the site of the medical center for Howard University. In its ten seasons as the Senators home field, RFK Stadium was known as a hitters park
Foxboro Stadium, originally Schaefer Stadium and Sullivan Stadium, was an outdoor stadium located in Foxborough, United States. The stadium was the site of several games in both the 1994 FIFA World Cup and the 1999 FIFA Womens World Cup, Foxboro Stadium was demolished in 2002 and replaced by Gillette Stadium and the Patriot Place shopping center. The stadium opened in August 1971 as Schaefer Stadium, primarily as the venue for the renamed New England Patriots of the National Football League. The team was known as the Boston Patriots for its first eleven seasons 1960–70, for six seasons, 1963–1968, the Patriots played in Fenway Park, home of baseballs Boston Red Sox. Like most baseball stadiums, Fenway was poorly suited as a football venue and its seating capacity was inadequate—only about 40,000 for football—and many seats had obstructed views. The Boston Patriots played the 1969 season at Alumni Stadium at Boston College in Chestnut Hill, the site was selected when the owners of Bay State Raceway donated the land, midway between Boston and Providence, Rhode Island.
The general contractor who built the stadium was a Massachusetts-based company named J. F White Contracting Co, ground was broken in September 1970. It cost $7.1 million —only $200,000 over budget, even allowing for this modest cost overrun, it was still a bargain price for a major sports stadium even by 1970s standards. The original field was Poly-Turf, succeeded by AstroTurf, a natural grass field was installed before the start of the 1991 season. The original name in 1971 was Schaefer Stadium for the brewery of that name in an example of the sale of naming rights. When this agreement expired in 1983, Anheuser-Busch took over the rights, instead of putting the name of one of its brands of beer on the stadium, Anheuser-Busch agreed to name it Sullivan Stadium in honor of the Sullivan family, majority owners of the Patriots. After the family sold their majority interest in the team to Victor Kiam, although the official spelling of the towns name is Foxborough, the shorter spelling was used for the stadium.
The venue hosted numerous significant soccer matches, including six games in the 1994 FIFA World Cup, Sullivan Stadium hosted The Whos 25th anniversary tour on July 12 and 14,1989. Metallica and Guns N Roses brought the Guns N Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour to the stadium on September 11,1992, madonna performed her Whos That Girl tour there on July 9,1987, to a sell-out crowd. Bob Dylan and the Grateful Dead recorded a portion of their live album, entitled Dylan & the Dead. Pink Floyd played a two-night stand in May 1988 and they played a three-night sold-out stand in May 1994 on their The Division Bell Tour which was recorded and readily available on bootleg. The Dave Matthews Band played seven shows at the stadium from 1998 to 2001, the Rolling Stones played three nights on September 27 and 29 and October 1,1989, and on September 4 and 5,1994. Additionally, in 1994, the Drum Corps International World Championships were held in the stadium, by the late 1990s, Foxboro Stadium had become functionally obsolete by modern NFL standards
Mile High Stadium was an outdoor multi-purpose stadium located in Denver, Colorado. The stadium was built in 1948 to accommodate the Denver Bears baseball team, although the stadium was originally built as a baseball-specific venue, it became more popular as a pro-football stadium despite hosting both sports for a majority of its life. The Broncos called Mile High Stadium home from their beginning in the AFL in 1960 until 2000, the Bears, who changed their name to the Zephyrs in 1985, continued to play in the stadium until 1992 when the franchise was moved to New Orleans. The move was precipitated by the awarding of a Major League Baseball franchise to the city of Denver, the team played the 1993 and strike-shortened 1994 seasons in Mile High setting MLB attendance records while Coors Field was being constructed in downtown Denver. In addition to the Broncos, Bears/Zephyrs, and Rockies, Mile High Stadium was home to other professional teams during the course of its history. The Denver Gold of the United States Football League called Mile High home from 1983 to 1985, two professional soccer teams played at Mile High.
After the Rapids 2001 season, Mile High Stadium was closed, Mile High Stadium was originally built as Bears Stadium for minor league baseball by Bob Howsam in 1948 at the site of a former landfill. The stadium initially consisted of a single 18, 000-seat grandstand stretching along the side from the left field foul pole to the right field foul pole on the west side. Luther Bud Phillips hit the first official home run out of Bears Stadium, in its first full season in 1949, the Bears averaged over 6,600 per game to lead the minor leagues in attendance. In the late 1950s, there was an attempt to form a major league. Howsam, who had worked with Rickey years before with the St. Louis Cardinals, joined ranks with Rickey, advised that to get a major league franchise Denver would need a much larger ballpark, Bears Stadium would begin the first of its many expansions. Over 8,000 seats were added to the south stands, Major League Baseballs answer to the Continental League was to expand its two Leagues, which would eventually lead to the folding of the Continental League.
Although Denver was not awarded a franchise, MLB promised teams in the future for Denver and other cities, Howsam was now trapped with a massive debt load and a stadium far too big for a minor-league team. Frantically searching for a solution, he concluded the only way out was to extend the season with football. A large bleacher section was added along the side and temporary east stands were built in 1960. Howsams ownership in the AFL was short-lived, as overwhelming debt forced Howsam to sell all his sports interests in 1961 and his dream of major league baseball in Denver would be placed on hold for another 30 years. Denver had to settle for the minor league Bears and the AFL Broncos and it took a few years to gain a following. In 1961, they drew fewer fans in a year than the Broncos now draw in a single game
Giants Stadium was a stadium located in East Rutherford, New Jersey, in the Meadowlands Sports Complex. The venue was open from 1976 to 2010, and primarily hosted sporting events and concerts in its history, the maximum seating capacity was 80,242. The structure itself was 756 feet long,592 feet wide and 144 feet high from service level to the top of the bowl and 178 feet high to the top of the south tower. The volume of the stadium was 64,500,000 cubic feet,13,500 tons of structural steel were used in the building process and 29,200 tons of concrete were poured. It was owned and operated by the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority, in the early 1970s the New York Giants, who at the time were sharing Yankee Stadium with the New York Yankees baseball team, began looking for a home of their own. The Giants struck a deal with the fledgling New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority in 1971, the 1972 season was the Giants last full season in Yankee Stadium, as the ballpark was closed for a massive reconstruction following the end of the Yankees season.
After spending two years in New Haven, the Giants would return to New York for one season in 1975 and shared Shea Stadium in Flushing, Queens with the Yankees, New York Mets. The Giants finally moved into their new home on October 10,1976, eight years after Giants Stadium opened, it gained a second major tenant. The Jets lease at Shea Stadium had expired at the end of the 1983 season, the city of New York was unwilling to agree to his terms and Hess decided to move the Jets to the Meadowlands permanently. Their first game in Giants Stadium was on September 6,1984, the sharing of the stadium by both the Giants and Jets enabled it to break a record that had long been held by Chicagos Wrigley Field. Entering the 2003 season, its 28th, Giants Stadium had played host to 364 NFL games, the Giants season opening game with the St. Louis Rams tied the record, and the following week the Jets home opener against the Miami Dolphins broke it. Giants Stadium was closed following the 2009 NFL season following the construction of what is now MetLife Stadium in the parking lot.
The stadiums final event was the January 3,2010 game featuring the Jets hosting the Cincinnati Bengals on Sunday Night Football, a month after the game, demolition of the structure began and was completed on August 10,2010. Giants Stadium opened on October 10,1976, as 76,042 fans witnessed a loss by the Giants to the Dallas Cowboys, the Giants had played their first four games on the road that season. College football made its debut at Giants Stadium on October 23,1976, with Rutgers University defeating Columbia 47–0, the New York Giants played their season-opening home game in the stadium on September 18 of the 1977 season. The 1985 USFL championship game which turned out to be the last USFL game played was held at Giants Stadium. In the second week of the 2005 season, the New Orleans Saints used the stadium for a game against the Giants because of extensive damage to the Louisiana Superdome after Hurricane Katrina. One end zone was painted in Saints colors, Saints banners were hung on the walls around the sidelines, the game was rescheduled to a Monday night with a special start time of 7,30 PM EDT, preceding the other scheduled game on Monday Night Football
Cotton Bowl Stadium is an outdoor stadium in Dallas, south central United States, opening in 1930 at the site of the State Fair of Texas. Concerts or other events using a stage allow the field to be used for additional spectators. The Cotton Bowl was the home of the annual college football post-season bowl game known as the Cotton Bowl Classic. Starting on New Years Day 1937, it hosted the first 63 editions of the game, through January 2009, the game was moved to AT&T Stadium in Arlington in January 2010. The stadium has been home to football teams over the years, including, SMU Mustangs, Dallas Cowboys, Dallas Texans, Dallas Texans, and soccer teams, the Dallas Tornado. It was one of the nine venues used for the 1994 FIFA World Cup and it became known as The House That Doak Built, due to the immense crowds that SMU running back Doak Walker drew to the stadium during his college career in the late 1940s. In their seventh season, the Cowboys hosted the Green Bay Packers for the NFL championship at the Cotton Bowl on January 1,1967.
The college bowl game that year included SMU and was played the day before, New Years Eve, the two games were filled to the 75,504 capacity, but both local teams came up short. Artificial turf was installed in 1970 and removed in 1993 in preparation for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the elevation of the playing field is approximately 450 feet above sea level. Construction began on Fair Park Stadium in 1930 in Fair Park, completed that year, the first game in the stadium was between Dallas-area high schools in October 1930. Built for a cost of US$328,000, the stadium held 45,507 spectators, in 1936, the name officially changed to the Cotton Bowl. In 1948, the stadium was decked on the west side, the east side was decked the following year, increasing capacity to 75,504. These decks were added to respond to the demand for fans to watch SMU halfback Doak Walker, the superstructure was built at this time, creating the distinctive facade for the stadium. In 1968, chair-backs were installed, reducing capacity to 72,032, in 1970, the Cotton Bowl installed an AstroTurf surface, which remained until 1993.
In 1950, as a way to break the Texas League record for attendance, Richard Burnett got permission to play in the Cotton Bowl. In order to draw a big crowd, he wanted a lineup of stars to don Dallas Eagles uniforms. Most of the stars were cool to the idea, except for then-current Dallas Eagles manager Charlie Grimm. When the legendary Ty Cobb agreed to come to Dallas, the others followed his lead, preceding the game was a parade through downtown Dallas
Arrowhead Stadium is a football stadium in Kansas City, United States, that primarily serves as the home venue of the Kansas City Chiefs of the National Football League. It is part of the Truman Sports Complex with adjacent Kauffman Stadium, Arrowhead has a seating capacity of 76,416, making it the 28th largest stadium in North America and sixth largest NFL stadium. It is the largest sports facility by capacity in the state of Missouri, a $375 million renovation was completed in 2010. The As left for Oakland after the 1967 season and were replaced by the expansion Kansas City Royals in 1969, Municipal Stadium, built in 1923 and mostly rebuilt in 1955, seated approximately 35,000 for football. As part of the AFL–NFL merger announced in 1966, NFL stadiums would be required to seat no less than 50,000 people, voters approved a $102 million bond issue in 1967 to build a new sports complex with two stadiums. The original design called for construction of baseball and football stadiums with a common roof that would roll between them.
The design proved to be complicated and expensive than originally thought. The two-stadium complex concept was the first of its kind, the Chiefs staff, led by Jack Steadman, helped develop the complex. The original two-stadium concept was designed by Denver architect Charles Deaton. Deatons design was implemented by the Kansas City architectural firm of Kivett & Myers, Arrowhead is considered by some to have had an influence on the design of several future NFL stadiums. Construction on Arrowhead Stadium was completed in time for the 1972 season, on August 12,1972, The Chiefs defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 24–14 in the first preseason game at Arrowhead Stadium. Later on during the 1972 regular season, the largest crowd to see a game in Arrowhead Stadium was 82,094 in a Chiefs game against the Oakland Raiders on November 5. In 1973, the stadium was the first in the NFL to include arrows on the markers to indicate the nearer goal line. This practice would eventually spread to the other stadiums by the end of the decade, on January 20,1974, Arrowhead Stadium hosted the Pro Bowl.
Due to an ice storm and brutally cold temperatures the week leading up to the game, on game day, the temperature soared to 41°, melting most of the ice and snow that accumulated during the week. The AFC defeated the NFC, 15–13, in 1984, the Jackson County Sports Authority re-evaluated the concept of a fabric dome. The concept was disregarded as being unnecessary and financially impractical, Arrowhead hosted the Drum Corps International World Championships in 1988 and 1989. In 1991, two Diamond Vision screens shaped as footballs were installed, in 1994 other improvements were made and a grass playing surface was installed, replacing the original AstroTurf artificial turf
CEFCU Stadium is an outdoor athletic stadium in the western United States, located in San Jose, California. Owned by San José State University, the venue is the home of Spartan football. The stadium hosts high school football games, and the university commencement ceremony every year on Memorial Day weekend. Known as Spartan Stadium for over eight decades, it was renamed in 2016, CEFCU Stadium was the home of the San Jose Earthquakes of Major League Soccer from the leagues inception in 1996 through the 2005 season. Soccer Bowl 75 was held at Spartan Stadium, during the winter and spring of 2009, the stadiums natural turf was removed and replaced with FieldTurf, a new generation of artificial turf with a crumb rubber and sand infill. This improvement has resulted in significant savings to the university in water use and this project was completed in time for the May 2009 commencement ceremony. The stadium received significant upgrades to the scoreboard and sound system in 2011 and this included installation of a high-definition video board by Daktronics at the south end of the stadium.
Originally built in 1933 as a 4, 000-seat facility, CEFCU Stadium has been renovated and expanded over the years to its present seating capacity of 30,456. The most recent additions came in the late 1980s when the capacity of the stadium was expanded from 18,000 to approximately 33,000 by adding boxes and an upper deck on the west side. In the early 2000s, renovations were carried out for the San Jose Earthquakes in order to make the field enough for a FIFA regulation size field. As a result of renovations, parts of the stands closest to the playing field were removed. The maximum capacity for MLS games is 26,525, CEFCU Stadium has hosted numerous FIFA events. Most notably the stadium was used as one of the venues for the 1999 Womens World Cup, the stadium hosts the commencement ceremonies of San José State University every spring, as well as musical concerts throughout the year. CEFCU Stadium is only one block from San Jose Municipal Stadium, home of the San Jose Giants, the now defunct NCAA Silicon Valley Football Classic bowl game was held at CEFCU Stadium from 2000 to 2004.
A CEFCU Stadium north end zone building addition is currently in the planning stages and will cost approximately $40 million. The 61,000 GSF facility will house sports medicine and athletic training space, a team locker room, football coaching staff offices, meeting rooms, a hall of fame. The facility will serve the day-to-day operations of the athletics department and it will be located at the South Campus site, north of CEFCU Stadium. In August 2016, Citizens Equity First Credit Union purchased naming rights to Spartan Stadium for $8.7 million, the deal between CEFCU and San José State University will last for 15 years