He has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church. Eudes was born in 1601 on a farm near the village of Ri, in Normandy, after studying with the Jesuits at Caen, Eudes joined the Oratorians on 25 March 1623. His masters and models in the life were Pierre de Bérulle. As a student of de Bérulle, Eudes is a member of the French School of Spirituality, Eudes was ordained a priest on 20 December 1625. Immediately after his ordination, he came down with an illness kept him bedridden for a year. During severe plagues in 1627 and 1631, he volunteered to care for the stricken in his own diocese and he went about Normandy committing himself to the sick, administering the sacraments, and burying the dead. To avoid infecting his colleagues, he lived in a cask in the middle of a field during the plague. At age 32, Eudes became a missionary, preached over 100 parish missions, throughout Normandy, Ile-de-France, Burgundy. He was called by Jean-Jacques Olier the prodigy of his age, in his parish mission work, Eudes was disturbed by the situation of prostitutes who sought to escape their life.
Temporary shelters were found but arrangements were not satisfactory, a certain Madeleine Lamy, who had cared for several of the women, one day challenged him to address the problem. In 1641 he founded the Sisters of Our Lady of Charity of the Refuge in Caen, three Visitation nuns came to his aid temporarily, and in 1644, a house was opened at Caen under the title of Our Lady of Charity. Other ladies joined them, and in 1651, the Bishop of Bayeux gave the institute his approbation, the congregation was approved by Pope Alexander VII on 2 January 1666. This congregation was founded at Caen on 25 March 1643, Normandy was the principal theatre of his apostolic labours. Won over to devotion to the Heart of Jesus by Bérulles devotion to the Incarnate Word, he combined with it the gentleness and devotional warmth of St. Francis de Sales. For this reason, Pope Leo XIII, in proclaiming his virtues heroic in 1903, gave him the title of Author of the Liturgical Worship of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Eudes dedicated the seminary chapels of Caen and Coutances to the Sacred Heart.
The feast of the Holy Heart of Mary was celebrated for the first time in 1648, and he composed various prayers and rosaries to the Sacred Hearts. His book Le Cœur Admirable de la Très Sainte Mère de Dieu is the first book written on the devotion to the Sacred Hearts. Eudes taught the unity of the hearts of Jesus and Mary and wrote
Marguerite Bourgeoys, C. N. D. was the French founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame of Montreal in the colony of New France, now part of Québec. She lived in Fort Ville-Marie as of 1653, educating girls, the poor. She is significant for developing one of the first uncloistered religious communities in the Catholic Church and she has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church. Marguerite Bourgeoys was born in Troyes, in the ancient Province of Champagne in the Kingdom of France, the daughter of Abraham Bourgeoys and Guillemette Garnier, she was the seventh of their thirteen children. Marguerite came from a middle-class and socially connected background, her father being a maker and coiner at the royal mint in the town. Her father died when she was young, and her mother followed when Marguerite was 19. R. S. A. Dedicated to the education of the poor, the canonesses of the monastery helped the poor, but remained cloistered and did not have the right to teach outside of the cloister. To reach poor young girls who could not afford to be boarded within the cloister as students, they relied upon the confraternity, whose members they would educate in both religion and pedagogy.
It seems, that she had a change of heart on 7 October 1640 and her response to this experience was to seek to give herself wholly to God and to live a life that mirrored, as much as possible, that of the Virgin Mary. By chance, the Director of the confraternity, Mother Louise de Sainte-Marie, C. R. S. A. was the sister of Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, during a visit to France in 1652, de Maisonneuve stopped in Troyes to visit his sister. Mother Louise and several of the canonesses enthusiastically volunteered to accompany him back to New France to teach its children, Bourgeoys was the leader of the confraternity and it was she who was ultimately chosen for this task. At the age of 32, having been refused admission to the Carmelite nuns, in February 1653, Bourgeoys set sail on the Saint-Nicholas from her native France along with approximately 100 other colonists, mostly men, who had been recruited and signed to working contracts. Upon her arrival in the port of Quebec City on the following 22 September and she declined the offer and spent her stay in Quebec living alongside poor settlers.
This hints at her character and the character of her congregation in Montreal - a secular. She arrived in Ville-Marie on 16 November, though this period of Bourgeoys life in New France pales in comparison to her years in terms of expansionary scope and influence, it is often seen as much more intimate. Bourgeoys would have known practically everyone in the colony, she faced difficult struggles during her first years there. There were no children to teach due to the levels of infant mortality. Despite this, she took it herself to help the community in any way she could
Margaret Mary Alacoque
St. Margaret Mary Alacoque, V. H. M. was a French Roman Catholic nun and mystic, who promoted devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus in its modern form. She worked to prove the genuineness of her vocation and her visions of Jesus and she was initially rebuffed by her mother superior and was unable to convince theologians of the validity of her visions. A noted exception was Saint Claude de la Colombière, who supported her, the devotion to the Sacred Heart was officially recognized 75 years after Alacoques death. Alacoque was born in 1647 in LHautecour, now part of the commune of Verosvres, in the Duchy of Burgundy, the daughter of Claude and Philiberte Lamyn Alacoque. From early childhood, Margaret was described as showing intense love for the Blessed Sacrament, after her First Communion at the age of nine, she practised in secret severe corporal mortification, until rheumatic fever confined her to bed for four years. At the end of period, having made a vow to the Blessed Virgin to consecrate herself to religious life.
In recognition of this favor, she added the name Mary to her name of Margaret. According to her account of her life, she had visions of Jesus Christ. Alacoque lost her father at an age, and the familys assets were held by a relative who refused to hand them over. During this time, her only consolation were frequent visits to pray before the Blessed Sacrament in the local church. When she was 17, the family regained their fortune and her mother encouraged her to go in society, in the hopes of her finding a suitable husband. Out of obedience, and believing that her vow was no longer binding, she began to accompany her brothers in the social events of her society, attending dances. One night, after returning home from a ball for Carnival dressed in her finery, she experienced a vision of Christ and bloody. As a result, she determined to fulfill her vow and entered, when almost 24 years of age, Alacoque was subjected to many trials to prove the genuineness of her vocation. She was admitted to wearing the habit on 25 August 1671, but was not allowed to make her religious profession on the same date of the following year.
A fellow novice described Margaret Mary as humble and frank, she was admitted to profession on 6 November 1672. It is said that she was assigned to the infirmary and was not very skillful at her tasks, in this monastery Alacoque received several private revelations of the Sacred Heart, the first on 27 December 1673, and the final one 18 months later. She stated that in her vision she was instructed to spend an hour every Thursday night to meditate on Jesus Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane, the Holy Hour practice became widespread among Catholics
Pierre Henri Dorie was a French missionary of the Paris Foreign Missions Society, who was martyred in Korea in 1866. His feast day is March 7, and he is venerated along with the rest of the 103 Korean martyrs on September 20. Henri Dorie was born on 23 September 1839 in Saint-Hilaire-de-Talmont, the persecutions triggered the French Campaign against Korea in October–November 1866. Like the other martyrs, Pierre Henri Dorie was canonized by Pope John Paul II on 6 May 1984 under the name Peter Henricus Dorie, france-Korea relations Les Missions Etrangères, Trois siècles et demi dhistoire et daventure en Asie. The Lives of the 103 Martyr Saints of Korea 38, Saint Pierre Henri Dorie, archives of the Paris Foreign Missions Society
Canus Natus was a French Roman Catholic Saint in the fifth century. Canus Natus was born in the fifth century and he was white-haired upon his birth, a sign of wisdom at the time. The phrase canus natus in Latin means he was born old and he became a Roman Catholic hermit in a place called Sauzet, described by Christophe de Villeneuve-Bargemon as a desert with willow trees. According to Henri François Xavier de Belsunce de Castelmoron, one of his miracles occurred when a dead reed he used as a cane was brought back to life and this miracle led him to accept a tenure as the Bishop of Marseille in the second half of the fifth century. During his tenure, he strongly opposed paganism and heresy, upon retirement, he settled in Sauzet again, and died there on October 15,490. After he was buried there, it became a hamlet and took his name and it is now known as the village of Saint-Cannat. Additionally, the Église Saint-Cannat in Marseille, built from 1526 to 1619, is named in his honour
Saint Julie Billiart was a French religious leader and Christian Saint. Who founded, and was the first Superior General of, the Congregation of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur and she was born on 12 July 1751, at Cuvilly, Beauvais, France, the sixth of seven children of Jean-François Billiart and Marie-Louise-Antoinette. By the age of seven, she knew the catechism by heart and her education was confined to the rudiments obtained at the village school kept by her uncle, Thibault Guilbiert. In spiritual things her progress was so rapid that the parish priest, Father Dangicourt, allowed her to make her First Communion and she took a vow of chastity five years later. She was held in high esteem for her virtue and piety, and was commonly called. When twenty-two years old, a shock, occasioned by a pistol-shot fired at her father by an unknown enemy. Within a few years she was confined to her bed, during this time, when she received Holy Communion daily, Julie exercised an uncommon gift of prayer, spending four or five hours a day in contemplation.
The Viscountess Blin de Bourdon was 38 years old when she met Julie and she had been imprisoned with all of her family during the Reign of Terror, and had escaped death only by the fall of Robespierre. A small company of friends of the viscountess was formed around the couch of the saint, Billiart taught them how to lead an interior life, while they devoted themselves generously to the causes of God and the poor. Though they attempted all the exercises of a community life, some of the elements of stability were wanting. Several young persons offered themselves to assist the two superiors and Françoise, the first pupils were eight orphans. On the feast of the Sacred Heart,1 June 1804, Mother Julie, the first vows of religion were made on 15 October 1804 by Billiart, Blin de Bourdon, Victoire Leleu and Justine Garson, and their family names were changed to names of saints. They proposed for their lifework the Christian education of girls, Father Varin gave the community a provisional rule by way of probation, which was so far-sighted that its essentials have never been changed.
The characteristic devotions of the Sisters of Notre Dame were established by the foundress from the beginning. She attached great importance to the formation of the sisters destined for the schools, and in this she was assisted by Mother St. Joseph. Joseph was the first superior of the latter house, in the absence of Father Varin from that city, the confessor of the community, the Abbé de Sambucy de St. He so far influenced the Bishop, demandolx, that Mother Julie had soon no alternative but to leave the Diocese of Amiens, relying upon the goodwill of Msgr. Pisani de la Gaude, bishop of Namur, who had invited her to make his city the center of her congregation
Jean-Louis Bonnard was a French Roman Catholic missionary to Vietnam, one of the Martyrs of Vietnam, canonized in 1988. After a collegiate course at Saint-Jodard, he entered the seminary of Lyon and he left at the age of 22, to complete his theological studies at the Seminary of the Foreign Missions in Paris. From Nantes, where he was ordained, he sailed for the missions of Western Tongking, in 1851 he was put in charge of two parishes there. At the time, proselytisation was banned in Vietnam, on 21 March 1852, he was arrested and cast into prison. Sentence of death was pronounced against him and was executed immediately upon receipt of its confirmation by Emperor Tự Đức and his remains were thrown into the river, but recovered by Christians and sent by them to the Seminary of Foreign Missions. Launay, Les cinguante-deux serviteurs de Dieu, 355-373, saint Joseph Abbey page Archives of the Paris Foreign Missions Society This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Charles, ed.
Saint Peter Chanel, born Pierre Louis Marie Chanel, was a Catholic priest and martyr. Chanel was born in 1803 in the hamlet of La Potière near Montrevel-en-Bresse, Ain département, son of Claude-François Chanel and Marie-Anne Sibellas he was the fifth of eight children. From about the age of 7 to 12 he worked as a shepherd, the local parish priest persuaded his parents to allow Peter to attend a small school the priest had started. After some schooling at a local school Saint-Didier-dAussiat his piety and intelligence attracted the attention of a visiting priest from Cras, and he was put into Church-sponsored education at Cras in the autumn of 1814. He made his first communion on 23 March 1817 and it was from that time that his attraction for the missions abroad began. His interest was the result of reading letters from missionaries sent back by Bishop DuBourg from America and he said, It was that year that I formed the idea of going to the foreign missions. He was ordained on 15 July 1827 and spent a time as an assistant priest at Ambérieu-en-Bugey.
At Ambérieu he read letters from a curate from that parish who was at that time a missionary in India. There he met Claude Bret, who was to become his friend, the following year, Chanel applied to the Bishop of Belley for permission to go to the missions. His application was not accepted and instead he was appointed for the three years as parish priest of the parish of Crozet, which he revitalized in that short time. His zeal was widely respected, and his care, particularly of those in the parish that were sick, during this time, Chanel heard of a group of Diocesan Priests who were hopeful of starting a religious order to be dedicated to Mary, the Mother of Jesus. In 1831, at the age of twenty-eight, Chanel joined the forming Society of Mary, instead of selecting him as a missionary, the Marists used his talents as the spiritual director at the Seminary of Belley, where he stayed for five years. Jean-Claude Colin to Rome to seek approval of the nascent Society, in 1836, the Marists, finally formally approved by Pope Gregory XVI, were asked to send missionaries to the territory of the South West Pacific.
Chanel, professed a Marist on 24 September 1836, was made the superior of a band of seven Marist missionaries that set out on 24 December from Le Havre and they were accompanied by Bishop Jean Baptiste Pompallier who was to become the first Bishop of New Zealand. Chanel traveled first to the Canary Islands, where his friend, Claude Bret caught a flu-like virus which led to his death at sea. Next, Chanel traveled to Valparaíso, where the French Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary and his third and fourth stops were in the Gambier Islands and in Tahiti, where the group transferred to the Raiatea. In that ship they set sail to drop off two missionaries at Wallis, the seat of the mission in Tonga. The missionaries arrived at Vava’u but werent welcome and thus continued their journey to Futuna, Pierre Chanel went to neighboring Futuna, accompanied by a French lay brother Marie-Nizier Delorme
Saint Léonie Aviat - in religious Françoise de Sales - was a Roman Catholic professed religious and the co-founder of the Oblate Sisters of St. Francis de Sales alongside Blessed Louis Brisson. But she nevertheless offered this suffering to God and was held in esteem among most within her congregation. The confirmation of a miracle from South Africa allowed for her beatification on 27 September 1992 while another from the United States allowed for her canonization on 25 November 2001. Léonie Aviat was born in Sézanne on 16 September 1844 to the shopkeepers Theodore Aviat and Emilie Caillot, in 1845 she attended the convent school of the Visitation in Troyes as a boarder. But while attending the school from 1845 to 1860 she was taught - and received spiritual guidance - from the Servant of God Marie de Sales Chappuis and the priest Blessed Louis Brisson. As soon as she arrived she began preparing for her First Communion, the girl made a serious examination of conscience and went to the confessional but was so overcome with emotion that she cried to her confessor who was Brisson.
The priest had known her well before she came to the school and to ease her said, so the little girl I have so many sugared almonds to before is afraid of me. Aviat received both her First Communion and her Confirmation from Bishop of Troyes Pierre-Louis Coeur on 2 July 1856, but her return home in 1860 was far from smooth for her parents wanted her to wed a rich man both happened to like. Aviat disagreed with her parents and announced her intention to become a religious, in 1866 she made a spiritual retreat as a means of attempting to make a definitive decision as to her future. Aviat approached both Brisson and Chappuis who advised her to wait and she deemed this to be the will of God, Brisson was concerned about all of the men and women that had moved from the rural areas to the industrialized cities to find work in factories and textile mills. These people were homeless and so it prompted him to consider the establishment of a new religious congregation dedicated to this. Aviat and her priest friend together co-founded the Oblate Sisters of St.
Francis de Sales on 30 October 1868, on 30 October 1868 - with Caneut - she received the habit of the new congregation from Bishop Gaspard Mermillod. It was at this stage that she received her new religious name, Aviat made the profession of her vows on 11 October 1871 to Monsignor de Ségur. But the new Superior General demonstrated a lack of respect and consideration for Aviat and others began to notice this. But she did not complain nor mention it and offered this suffering to God. In 1881 this Superior General resigned after a tenure mired with complications, Aviat was received with coldness and even indifference in some places but people there soon came to respect her for her commitment to her work and those placed under her ward. One night in September 1893 she was in Paris for the orders General Chapter, there was an outburst of happiness at her election for all loved and respected Aviat and her work. The anti-clerical laws and complete secularization of France in 1905 began with the secularization of the religious houses, in 1908 she was in her room and had a terrible foreboding that Brisson was nearing the end of her life and she began to weep