Heritage Square Museum
The living history museum shows the story of development in Southern California through historical architectural examples. The museum focuses on interpreting the years 1850 to 1950, a century of unprecedented growth in Los Angeles, volunteer interpreters give thorough tours that incorporate the history and culture of the region. Other specialized living history events and items of historical interest are given on a periodic basis, during the rapid urban expansion of the 1960s, Victorian buildings in Los Angeles were being demolished at an alarming rate. The Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument program, established in 1961, could evaluate properties and list-register them, in 1969, at the request of the Los Angeles Cultural Heritage Commission, a group of concerned citizens established the Cultural Heritage Foundation to counteract this destruction. Eight historic buildings, and a train car and a trolley car, were stopped from demolition. They include, The Mount Pleasant House was built in 1876 by prominent businessman, designed by renowned architect E. F.
Kysor, the home contains detailing to convey the wealth and social status of the family. These elements include Corinthian columns, fine hardwood floors, a main staircase. It was built in the neighborhood of Boyle Heights. The Perrys Mount Pleasant House was considered the finest and most expensive residence to arrive in mid-1870s Los Angeles. The outward sweep of the stairway, the sculpted brackets under the eaves, the slanted bay windows. In 1975, the house was moved from 1315 Mount Pleasant Street to the museum grounds, Palms Depot The Palms Depot was built c.1875 for the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad, and was absorbed into the Pacific Electric Railway in 1911. It continued to service until 1953. The Palms Depot was declared a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1963, one of only about 500 octagonal buildings remaining in the United States, the octagon house has a unique story. The type is based on the mid-19th century ideas of Orson Squire Fowler, the builders of octagonal structures believed that, windows on eight sides gave more light and better air circulation, and that they were easier and less expensive to construct.
Fowlers architectural ideas were popular in the East through the 1850s, after the Civil War interest waned in the octagonal style. This octagon house is unusual being built later, in 1893 and it was built by Gilbert Longfellow at 3800 Homer Street, L. A. It was declared a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, and was moved to the museum grounds, the Ford House was built in 1887 as part of a large tract of simple middle-class homes in downtown Los Angeles built by the Beaudry Brothers. The home is particularly interesting because of its inhabitant – John J. Ford, fords works include carvings for the California State Capitol, the Iolani Palace in Hawaii, and Leland Stanfords private railroad car
Self-Realization Fellowship Lake Shrine
The Self-Realization Fellowship Lake Shrine lies a few blocks from the Pacific Ocean, on Sunset Boulevard in Pacific Palisades, California. It was founded and dedicated by Paramahansa Yogananda, on August 20,1950 and is owned by the Self-Realization Fellowship, the entire property is a natural amphitheater. Many thousands of visitors each year to enjoy the scenic beauty and serenity of this spiritual sanctuary. The visitor center provides information about Lake Shrine and are there to answer any questions, there are waterfalls, flower beds, white swans across the lake, lacy fern grottos, lily ponds, and a old Dutch windmill which is used as a chapel. Yogananda believed in a harmony of all faiths that unites us all. Along with a few statues of Krishna and other Hindu deities, there is a statue of Jesus Christ, above the waterfall, as well as Francis of Assisi. One landmark here is the golden lotus archway, a towering, white arch trimmed with blue tile, and topped with gold lotus blossoms, which is visible from all parts of the grounds.
The archway frames the Mahatma Gandhi World Peace Memorial, a shrine where an authentic 1. The gardens are filled with little brick paths and short stairways which lead from the trail to hidden alcoves where meditation or sitting and taking in the view is possible. There is a shop featuring arts and crafts from India which is adjacent to a museum focusing on Paramahansa Yogananda. There is a quaint Dutch windmill converted into a chapel, a houseboat, a bookstore, the Lake Shrine is home for the picturesque Mahatma Gandhi World Peace Memorial, the wall-less temple erected in honor of Mahatma Gandhi, architect of Indias freedom through nonviolent means. The focal point of the memorial is a stone sarcophagus from China, in which a portion of Gandhis ashes are encased in a brass. The sarcophagus is flanked by two statues of Guanyin, the ashes had been sent to Yogananda by an old friend, Dr. V. M. Nawle, a publisher and journalist from Pune, following the dedication of the memorial, Dr. You are the one in the whole world who received Gandhi ashes outside India.
For some, enshrining Gandhis ashes at Lake Shrine is controversial since the Hindu cremation ritual ends with immersion of the ashes in water, one report states that Gandhis relatives want the ashes at Lake Shrine to be immersed in water. Another report states that the descendants of Mahatma Gandhi do not want to have the ashes removed because it would entail breaking the shrines, the previous owners, the McElroys, built an authentic reproduction of a 16th-century Dutch windmill. Though the mill was never put to use, its sails are functional, came a boat dock and landing, whose peaked roof, carved figure-heads, and benches added yet another charming touch to the unusual setting
Greystone Mansion, known as the Doheny Mansion, is a Tudor Revival mansion on a landscaped estate with distinctive formal English gardens, located in Beverly Hills, United States. Architect Gordon Kaufmann designed the residence and ancillary structures, and construction was completed in 1928, the estate was a gift from oil tycoon Edward L. Doheny to his son, Edward Ned Doheny, Jr. and his family. The house and grounds are used in filmmaking and television production. The houses descending staircase is one of the most famous sets in Hollywood, the 55-room, Tudor-style former residence,46,000 sq ft, is situated on 16 acres of land. At the time it was built, it cost over $4 million and was the most expensive home built in California up to that time. On February 16,1929, four months after Ned Doheny, his wife Lucy and their five children moved into Greystone, Ned died in a guest bedroom in a murder-suicide with his secretary, Hugh Plunket. The official story indicated Plunket murdered Ned either because of a disorder or inflamed with anger over not receiving a raise.
Both men are buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, both were involved in the trial of Neds father in the Teapot Dome scandal. In 1963, Crown planned to subdivide the property and demolish the mansion, Beverly Hills stopped the demolition by purchasing the mansion in 1965. The estate became a city park on September 16,1971, the city leased the mansion to the American Film Institute, from 1965 to 1982, for $1 per year, hoping to get repair and upkeep work from the institute. Since 2002 The City of Beverly Hills has maintained a Web page for the Greystone Mansion park, Greystone is now a public park, and is used as a location for special events, including the Beverly Hills Flower & Garden Festival. The estate is popular as a filming location due to its beauty, manicured grounds, some productions contribute to the upkeep and renovation of the mansion. The 2007 film There Will Be Blood, loosely based on the life of Edward Doheny via the Upton Sinclair book Oil, renovated the downstairs two lane bowling alley to include it in the film.
The camp presents a play in the area twice during the summer. The mansion is used for performances of the play The Manor written by Kathrine Bates, directed by Beverly Olevin. The Manor takes place in a number of different rooms of the mansion, the audience is separated at certain times during the play to watch some scenes in a different order. The plot of the The Manor is an account of the Doheny family, involving Dohenys involvement in the Teapot Dome scandal. The Manor has been performed every year at Greystone Mansion since 2002, it again in January
Morcom Rose Garden
The Morcom Rose Garden is located in a residential neighborhood in Oakland, near the Piedmont border. The exact address is 700 Jean St. Oakland, CA94610, the Rose Garden was constructed in 1932 as a project of the Works Progress Administration. It was named in honor of former Oakland mayor Fred N. Morcom, as well as thousands of roses, the garden features winding walkways, a reflecting pool, and a cascading fountain. The garden is available for weddings and can hold up to 200 people, Oakland Parks and Recreation Site Friends of the Morcom Rose Garden volunteer group
Huntington Desert Garden
The Huntington Desert Garden is part of The Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens in San Marino, California. The Desert Garden is one of the worlds largest and oldest collections of cacti and other desert plants, collected from throughout the world. It contains plants from extreme environments, many of which were acquired by Henry E. Huntington and William Hertrich in trips taken to several countries in North and South America. One of the Huntington’s most botanically important gardens, the Desert Garden brought together a group of largely unknown. Containing a broad category of xerophytes, the Desert Garden grew to preeminence and remains today among the world’s finest, Mr. Huntington was not initially interested in establishing a Desert Garden. He did not like cacti at all, due to some unfortunate prickly pear encounters during railroad construction work. But Hertrich was persistent, once won over, Mr. Huntington built a spur to his garden, to bring in rock, soil. As Gary Lyons, a curator, its very convenient to have a rail spur, and deep pockets.
A trip to Arizona in 1908 filled three railroad cars for the back to the garden. Famed Brazilian landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx called the Huntington Desert Garden the most extraordinary garden in the world, the Desert Garden agave and yucca collections, along with the cacti, are among the Huntington’s most significant research collections. Huntington boasts the largest Yucca filifera in the world, the Huntingtons Beaucarnea, Ponytail Palms, members of the agave family, are some of the oldest specimens in cultivation, and among the earliest plantings in the Desert Garden. Aloes constitute one of the largest collections outside Africa, aloe arborescens has an unrivalled winter display of fiery red flower stalks. About 200 of the world’s 300 species of aloes reside in the upper garden, aloe bainesii, which can grow fifty feet high, is the tallest. Puyas are terrestrial bromeliads that put on a floral display in April. Most desert columnar plants belong to the genus Cereus and they form the structure of much of the Desert Garden landscape, producing flowers in late summer and colorful fruit in September and October.
Cereus xanthocarpus, at twenty tons, is the gardens most massive plant and this tree-like cactus was already a mature specimen when planted in 1905. It is approximately 125 years old, the most spectacular cactus displays are the 500 bright yellow-spined Golden Barrel Cactus, the largest being more than 85 years old. They flower in the Spring, and are native to central Mexico and this is probably the best display of Golden Barrels in the world
Hearst Castle is a National Historic Landmark and California Historical Landmark mansion located on the Central Coast of California, United States. It was designed by architect Julia Morgan, between 1919 and 1947, as a residence for newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, who died in 1951, in 1954 it became a California State Park. The site was opened to visitors in 1958, since that time it has been operated as the Hearst San Simeon State Historical Monument where the estate, and its considerable collection of art and antiques, is open for public tours. Despite its location far from any urban center, the site attracts millions of travelers each year, Hearst formally named the estate La Cuesta Encantada, but usually called it the ranch. Hearst Castle and grounds are sometimes referred to as San Simeon without distinguishing between the Hearst property and the adjacent unincorporated area of the same name. Invitations to Hearst Castle were highly coveted during its heyday in the 1920s and 1930s, the Hollywood and political elite often visited, usually flying into the estates airfield or taking a private Hearst-owned train car from Los Angeles.
While guests were expected to attend the formal dinners each evening, since the Ranch had so many facilities, guests were rarely at a loss for things to do. The estates theater usually screened films from Hearsts own movie studio, Hearst Castle was the inspiration for the Xanadu mansion of the 1941 Orson Welles film Citizen Kane, a fictionalization of William Randolph Hearsts career. Hearst Castle was not used as a location for the film, commercial filming is rare at Hearst Castle and most requests are turned down. U. Y. One condition of the Hearst Corporations donation of the estate was that the Hearst family would be allowed to use it when they wished. Patty Hearst, a granddaughter of William Randolph, related that as a child, the house is screened from tourist routes by a dense grove of eucalyptus to provide maximum privacy for the guests. In 2001, Patty Hearst hosted a Travel Channel show on the estate, Hearst Castle joined the National Register of Historic Places on June 22,1972 and became a United States National Historic Landmark on May 11,1976.
Hearst Castle was included as one of Americas 10 Amazing Castles by Forbes Travel. com, the estate itself is five miles inland atop a hill of the Santa Lucia Range at an altitude of 1,600 feet. The region is sparsely populated because the Santa Lucia Range abuts the Pacific Ocean, the surrounding countryside visible from the mansion remains largely undeveloped. Its entrance is approximately five miles north of Hearst San Simeon State Park, Hearst Castle was built on Rancho Piedra Blanca that William Randolph Hearsts father, George Hearst, originally purchased in 1865. The younger Hearst grew fond of this site over many childhood family camping trips and he inherited the ranch, which had grown to 250,000 acres and 14 miles of coastline, from his mother Phoebe Hearst in 1919. The Hearst Castle area has a mediterranean climate that is moderated by its relative proximity to the Pacific coastline. Hearst first approached American architect Julia Morgan with ideas for a new project in April 1915, I get tired of going up there and camping in tents
History of gardening
Forest gardening, a plant-based food pro-system, is the worlds oldest form of gardening. Forest gardens originated in prehistoric times along jungle-clad river banks and in the wet foothills of monsoon regions, in the gradual process of families improving their immediate environment, useful tree and vine species were identified and improved while undesirable species were eliminated. Eventually alien species were selected and incorporated into the gardens. The enclosure of outdoor space began in 10,000 BC, though no one knows the specific details of the first garden, historians imagine the first enclosure was a type of barrier for excluding animals and marauders. Garden construction and design was a precursor to landscape architecture. The modern words of garden and yard are descendants of the Old English geard, vitruvius, a Roman author and engineer, wrote the oldest extant design manual in 27 BC. De architectura libri decem addressed design theory, landscape architecture, water supply, vitruvius asserted that firmitas and venustas were the primary objectives of design.
Some still consider these elements essential to quality design of landscape, after the emergence of the first civilizations, wealthy persons began to create gardens for purely aesthetic purposes. Another ancient tradition is of Persia, Darius the Great was said to have had a paradise garden, Persian gardens were designed along a central axis of symmetry. Persian influences extended to Helenic Greece after Alexander the Great, C.350 BC there were gardens at the Academy of Athens, and Theophrastus, who wrote on botany, supposedly inherited a garden from Aristotle. Epicurus had a garden where he walked and taught, and he bequeathed it to Hermarchus of Mytilene, alciphron referenced private gardens in his writing. The most influential ancient gardens in the world were those of Ptolemy in Alexandria, Egypt. Wall paintings in Pompeii, Italy attest to elaborate development, the wealthiest Romans built extensive villa gardens with water features, including fountains and rivulets, topiary and shaded arcades.
Archeological evidence survives at sites such as Hadrians Villa and Moorish Spain continued horticultural traditions after the 4th century AD and the decline of Rome. In Europe, gardening revived in Languedoc and the Île-de-France in the 13th century, the rediscovery of descriptions of antique Roman villas and gardens led to the creation of a new form of garden, the Italian Renaissance garden in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. The Spanish Crown built the first public parks of this era in the 16th century, in the 19th century a welter of historical revivals and Romantic cottage-inspired gardening emerged. In England, William Robinson and Gertrude Jekyll were influential proponents of the wild garden, andrew Jackson Downing and Frederick Law Olmsted adapted European forms for North America, especially influencing the design of public parks and suburban landscapes. Olmsteds influence extended well into the 20th century, the 20th century saw the influence of modernism in the garden, from the articulate clarity of Thomas Church to the bold colors and forms of the Brazilian Roberto Burle Marx
Rancho Los Alamitos
Rancho Los Alamitos takes its name from a Mexican land grant in southwestern Los Angeles County and northwestern Orange County, California. Los Alamitos means the Little Cottonwoods or Poplars in Spanish, after the native Fremont Cottonwood trees there and it is sometimes referred to as Bixby Ranch, after its last private owners. The early 19th century adobe ranch house, still stands today, the history of the 85, 000-acre Rancho Los Alamitos is almost a microcosm for the history of expansion throughout Southern California, from the Native Americana cultures to contemporary times. The area was first the location of the major circa 500 C. E. - 1780s Tongva—Gabrieliño sacred ceremonial and trading village of Povuunga, after Spanish occupation the ownership was to change and the boundaries would shrink many times. The rancho building itself is located near Puvunga springs alongside on one of the few hills, Alamitos Mesa. Nietos grant was not only one of the first three awarded by the Spanish in Alta California, it was the largest, after Nieto died, his children requested his original grant be partitioned.
In 1834, Mexican governor José Figueroa officially declared Rancho Los Alamitos as one of the five partitions, in 1844 the rancho was purchased by Abel Stearns, a Massachusetts native who typified the many Yankees who settled in California and merged with the ruling Mexican Californios population. The rancho was on the periphery of the battles that settled the California Campaign of the Mexican-American War by 1846, after California became a U. S. state in 1850, Rancho Los Alamitos was the headquarters of the largest cattle ranch in existence in the United States. Through shrewd business dealings, Stearns assumed control of Los Alamitos, trying to capitalize on the 1880s Southern California land boom, John Bixby developed the townsite of Alamitos Beach, which would eventually be assumed by Long Beach. Unfortunately, a financial crisis prevented the parties from seriously pursuing John Bixbys dream of developing Alamitos Beach. The Bixbys had once flirted with sugar production on their Northern California properties.
Later oil discoveries from the Long Beach Oil Field funded the rancho, the historic ranch house, surrounding ranching facilities, and some open landscape of Rancho Los Alamitos can still be found adjacent to Cal State Long Beach. The Bixby family descendants donated the property to the City of Long Beach in 1967, the Rancho Los Alamitos house and grounds are a museum which presents the history of the rancho era, the country house era, and the region
Mar Y Cel
Mar Y Cel or, more correctly, Mar i Cel is an open space preserve conserved by the Land Trust for Santa Barbara County, in Santa Barbara County, California, USA. Located in the Santa Ynez Mountains foothills above Montecito, Mar Y Cel is a 350-acre estate and it includes the notable Tea Gardens, as well as the West Fork of Cold Springs Trail, a well used hiking trail. Henry E. Bothin, of Ohio, came to San Francisco where he built an empire, starting with a spice and coffee factory in 1875 and he was president of Judson Manufacturing Company. Ellens deceased father, Antoine Anthony Chabot, had been notable for his Bay Area water systems, upon Mar Y Cel, the Bothins built stone aqueducts, water works and statues. The water projects included scalloped bowls that rested on columns, allowing water to spill from one into the other, after completion,35 gardeners maintained the area. Other construction included a 200-seat amphitheater, as well as the Tea House, built as an open-air piazza, in 1918, Ellen was honored with a gladiolus named in her behalf, the Mrs. H. E.
Bothin. Following the June 29,1925, magnitude 6.3, Santa Barbara earthquake, burden resold it to the current owners. In September 2000, Cima del Mundo LLC, an investment group, offered to donate a conservation easement on a portion of Mar Y Cel. This eliminated the possibility of future development while ensuring the protection of both wildlife habitat and the propertys scenic beauty. In addition, the company granted a.5 miles easement to the Land Trust ensuring that a portion of the Cold Spring Trail is open for public use, on November 13,2008, the Montecito Tea Fire ignited the historic Tea House structure, above Mountain Drive. Over the course of days, the fire spread and burned 1,940 acres, destroyed over 200 homes. Bothins gardens at Piranhurst — in 1930
Live Oak Park (Berkeley)
Live Oak Park is one of Berkeley’s oldest and most naturalistic public parks. Live Oak Park sits along both sides of Codornices Creek like a green belt in 1301 Shattuck Avenue, at Berryman Street between Shattuck Avenue and Oxford Street. Live Oak Park is situated here because of the many creeks that flow from the Berkeley Hills the short way down to San Francisco Bay. These little creeks are more powerful than they look, Codornices Creek is one of these original creeks which run out of the Berkeley Hills in the San Francisco Bay Area in California. In its upper stretch, it entirely within the city limits of Berkeley and further downstream. The name of the creek derives from the Spanish word codornices, California valley quail were once common in the area. The name was given by one of the family Peralta, once owners of the vast Rancho San Antonio, because the Byrnes had invested in a farming venture in the Delta, they began selling their Berkeley property piece by piece, beginning in 1873. Henry Berryman purchased the Byrne House with ten adjoining acres and it known as the Berryman place.
A few of the earliest houses built are still standing today, when the extensive Byrne lands were subdivided by Henry Berryman in the 1870s, two parcels on Codornices Creek remained intact and were developed as a private estate. To the north of the creek was the home of Michael O´Toole, on March 10,1914 the City Council approved an ordinance appropriating $72.500 to purchase the property in order to establish a city park. At that time Berkeley, like many other American cities, was swept up in the City Beautiful Movement, and had commissioned a report on city planning. The city took possession of the property on Juli 1. For the next two weeks everyone ´s mind was on choosing a name for the new park and suggestions were published almost daily in the Berkeley Gazette, among those names proposed were “Penniman”, “Berryman”, and even “Whitehall”. On July 14,1914, the City Counsil adopted “Live Oak”, several years the park was extended one block to Oxford Street, Codornices Creek and its groves of both native and introduced trees were preserved.
One of the first improvements was the present Walnut Street Bridge, in 1917 a large, stone Arts & Crafts fireplace was built, an in 1918 William Miles donated a rustic aviary. Penniman’s brown shingle became the clubhouse and North Branch library, the Berkeley Art Center is now situated on the east side of Walnut Street Bridge. The Live Oak Park is a public park. Between the tennis court and the park is a restroom available
Exposition Park Rose Garden
The Exposition Park Rose Garden is a historic 7-acre sunken garden located in Exposition Park in Los Angeles, California. It has been called one of the citys best-kept secrets and it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1991. From 1871 to 1911, the site of the garden was part of the citys Agricultural Park. The rose garden area was used for horse, dog. In 1914, the city announced plans to construct a garden at the park. During the Great Depression, the lack of funding threatened the closure of the garden, described as the largest rose garden in the world. In 1936, four marble statues by Danish sculptor Thyra Boldsen were installed on pedestals at the four corners of the garden. The statues were titled Nymph Finding Pipes of Pan, The Blessing, The Start, in the 1950s, the annual pruning demonstration drew thousands of rose enthusiasts to the park. By the mid-1980s, the garden had more than 20,000 rose bushes, the All-America Rose Selection, a rose growers organization, began donating its Rose of the Year to the garden in 1940.
The garden is visited by more than a million people a year and is a popular location for weddings, reflection. The garden has four gazebos, several statues, and a central fountain, the garden is located adjacent to the University of Southern California campus, the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, and the California Science Center. In 1986, plans to dig up the garden to build a parking garage led to protests in the media. The garden had threatened by an earlier proposal by the Los Angeles Raiders football team to convert the garden into a practice field for the team. In order to protect the garden from such threats, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1991. The exterior of the Old Armory Building, abutting the eastern edge of the Rose Garden, is used in establishing shots of the fictional Jeffersonian Center, in the TV series Bones. List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles Official Exposition Park Rose Garden website Travelinlocal. com, One of Los Angeles Best Kept Secrets—The Exposition Rose Garden