A17 road (England)
The A17 road is a road linking Newark-on-Trent in Nottinghamshire, England, to Kings Lynn in Norfolk. It stretches for a distance of 62 miles travelling across the flat Fen landscapes of southern Lincolnshire and western Norfolk. It is one of two routes for residents of East Anglia to get to the North of England - the other is the A47 via Peterborough. The road carries more traffic than it was designed to carry and it carries many goods vehicles that must travel at or below 50 miles per hour on the stretches of single carriageway. Impatient drivers take risks when gaps in the oncoming traffic allow, in the summer there are many caravans off to Great Yarmouth and the north Norfolk coast. The main meeting points at roundabouts of the A52, A15, the section through South Holland is heavily used by tractors. The western end of the used to begin at the former A46 junction in Newark-on-Trent where Queens Road met North Gate. It followed Sleaford Road and Beacon Hill Road, meeting the A1 and this section passes over the former RAF Winthorpe, and there is a roundabout for Newlink Business Park and the national distribution centre of Dixons and Currys.
It meets the route from Coddington at the Coddington Moor roundabout. There is a turn for Newark Golf Club and a right turn for Barnby in the Willows. From College Plantation to Beckingham Bridge over the River Witham, the road follows the boundary between Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire, slightly to the north, the road enters North Kesteven. It returns to its route and passes through Brant Broughton and Stragglethorpe. This is one of the most accident-prone junctions in Lincolnshire and it passes across Leadenham Low Fields, with the Lincoln Cliff seen in the distance. Leadenham is built on the side of the Lincoln Cliff, and the used to pass through. In March 1995 the £3.3 million bypass was opened and it ascends the Lincoln Cliff as a three laned road, and passes under the A607 where there is no junction. The Leadenham Bypass had been planned for over thirty years, and had started out as a carriageway which would have been the safest option for the amount of traffic that the road carries. At the point where it crosses the former Grantham to Lincoln Line, it enters South Kesteven, there is an embankment as it ascends the rest of the Lincoln Cliff at Fulbeck Hilltop Plantation, and follows a former country lane the east of Fulbeck.
It meets the route and passes across Fulbeck Heath
The A194 road is a road in Tyne and Wear, England. It runs northeast from its start at junction 65 of the A1 near Washington, there are intermediate junctions with the A182 and the A195 before the motorway section ends at the A184 junction. The junctions were unnumbered until 2013 when they were designated J1 to J3, the A194 continues as a trunk road to its next major junction, the A19 which provides access to the Tyne Tunnel and Teesside. At this point, A194 ceases to be a trunk road, list of motorways in the United Kingdom CBRD Motorway Database – A194 Pathetic Motorways – A194 The Motorway Archive – A194
The M26 is a motorway in Kent, England. It provides a link between the M25 at Sevenoaks and the M20 near West Malling. The motorway starts at junction 3 of the M20 and heads west and this junction is numbered 2a to reflect its proximity to the M20s nearby junction 2 a short distance to the north-west. 8 miles to the west the M26 merges with the M25 at junction 5, there is no exit from the M26 at junction 5 and all traffic must join the clockwise M25. The next M25 junction, number 6, is 10 miles west at Godstone so traffic joining the M26 at Junction 2a cannot leave the motorway for 18 miles, anti-clockwise direction from the M25, the main carriageway continues directly on to the M26 at junction 5. To remain on the M25, traffic must turn on to the road which connects to the M25 spur coming north from Sevenoaks. The awkwardness of junction 5 is a result of the history of the two motorways planning and construction, the remaining section of Ringway 4 became the M26. Until February 1986, the anticlockwise M25 simply became the M26 at Junction 5, Kent County Council has been in talks with the Highways Agency over a possible new junction with the A225, allowing direct access to Sevenoaks – or access to the A21 at the M25 junction.
Data from driver location signs are used to provide carriageway identifier information, list of motorways in the United Kingdom CBRD Motorway Database – M26 The Motorway Archive – M26 Pathetic Motorways – M26
The A39 is an A road in south west England. It runs south-west from Bath in Somerset through Wells, Street and it follows the north coast of Somerset and Cornwall through Williton, Porlock, Barnstaple, Stratton, Wadebridge and St Columb Major. It joins the route of the A30 road for around 5 miles, re-emerging near Zelah to head for the south Cornish coast via Truro, in Cornwall and North Devon, the road is known as the Atlantic Highway, and was classified as a trunk road until 2002. Porlock Hill is a section of the A39 west of the village of Porlock, the road climbs approximately 1,300 ft in less than 2 miles up onto Exmoor, a very steep hill with gradients of up to 1 in 4 and hairpin bends. In Porlock itself you will often smell burning brakes from vehicles who have just descended the hill, on 12 January 1899, the ten-ton Lynmouth lifeboat was launched during a storm, but the storms ferocity meant it could not put out to sea. Instead, it was retrieved and hauled by men and twenty horses over Countisbury, the endeavour eventually enabled thirteen seamen to be rescued.
There is a less steep toll road that small vehicles and cyclists can take as an alternative route and it formed part of the route in the 2007 Tour of Britain cycle race. Another alternative for cyclists, avoiding tolls, is provided by part of Regional Cycle Route 51, about 9.3 miles to the west of Porlock Hill, the A39 starts its equivalent descent from the hills of Exmoor. Within about 2.5 miles, the road descends the 1,300 ft it had previously climbed, the original road between Lynmouth and Lynton was much more challenging with gradients of around 1 in 3. It is now the B3234, Lynmouth Hill, at Martinhoe Cross in Devon—about 5 miles west of Lynton and 2 miles east of Parracombe—on the north side of the A39 lies a once disused but, in 2004, restored and reopened railway station. Woody Bay was once a stop on, and is now the main operating centre of, the Lynton & Barnstaple Railway a narrow-gauge line built in 1898. Over- and under-bridges and other traces of the line can be seen at locations along this stretch of the road.
Atlantic Highway is the given to a section of the A39. It is so called, as it is the road from mid-Cornwall to North Devon. It is named thus due to the former Southern Railway express that ran in this part of North Devon, views of the Atlantic can be seen along its length, although the road does not approach very close to the coastline itself. It passes by Wadebridge and Bideford, and directly through Camelford, l&B Railway Project SABRE page on the A39
The M11 motorway is a 52-mile motorway that runs north from the North Circular Road in South Woodford in northeast London to the A14, northwest of Cambridge, England. Originally proposed as early as 1915, various plans were considered throughout the 1960s, the motorway was opened in stages, with the first stage opening in June 1975, and the completed motorway becoming fully operational in February 1980. The M11 gives access to Bishops Stortford and the only service station via Junction 8. This is followed immediately by the recently constructed Junction 8A, which provides a link to the improved A120 that links to Stansted Airport. From Junction 8 the motorway has two lanes in both directions all the way to Junction 14 where the motorway terminates. The motorway is illuminated at the terminus near Junction 4, at Junction 6, and at the approach to Junction 8/8A. All four of these sections use modern high pressure sodium lighting, the older, low-pressure sodium lighting originally used at junctions 4 and 6 was replaced in 2005.
The numbering of the M11 junctions is unusual, as 1–3 are neither used nor shared with another road and this means that southbound drivers reaching the end of the M11 have to use the A12 & A11 to reach central London. Plans for an Eastern Avenue in London had been proposed as early as 1915, and it was opposed by a number of groups, including the Hackney Society and local residents as represented by their member of parliament in 1962. By 1966, the Ministry of Transport was planning a longer road, the road from South Woodford to Islington would have been designated as the M12. There were three proposed routes from the inner to outer ringway at the base of the current M11, under one scheme, south of South Woodford a connection would have been made with the western end of a proposed M12 towards Colchester. These proposals made the case for an M15 motorway for the Ringway 2, part of the unbuilt route of a southern section of the M11 is seen from a sliproad from the North Circular to the M11 which travels over a bridge over bare land.
It was announced in March 1975 that from Junction 8 to the northern terminus and this was another way of stating that, following a change in government policy, this section would comprise two rather than three lanes in each direction. An official plan to add north-facing connections at Junction 5 in Debden, plans were abandoned in March 2009 when the Secretary of State for Transport announced that no changes would be made to this section of motorway before 2021. The motorway was opened in stages, the stretch between Junctions 7 and 8 opened in 1975, and that between Junctions 4 and 7 in 1977. The stretch from Junctions 8 to 9 opened in 1979, that between Junctions 9 and 14 in 1980, and the full length becoming fully operational in February 1980. Budgets were tight during the 1970s when the road was built, the motorways first, and only, service station, Birchanger Green Services at Junction 8, opened in 1996. The plans for a station at this site were officially dropped in 1980
The A31 is a major trunk road in southern England that runs from Guildford in Surrey to Bere Regis in Dorset. The old route to Winchesters centre Romsey and the New Forest forms two roads, the B3404 and A3090 roads and is marked for cyclists and it passes Wimborne Minster and by-passes Charborough Park before terminating at a roundabout junction with the A35 road at Bere Regis. The A35 is not a road east of Bere Regis. The A31 is part of the ancient route from London to Winchester, many sections of the A31 were upgraded to dual carriageway in the 1960s, except for the section of road running through the New Forest. The upgrade of the A31 through the New Forest started in the early 1960s, the Governments intention was to create at least one high-speed route to the south coast, while the guardians of the forest, the Verderers, resisted any further development. The first section of the A31 to be dualled was the section that the M27 feeds into at Jct1, further developments occurred from Ringwood to Picket Post near the turn-off for Burley.
From 1966-1972, the sections were completed rapidly due to the construction of the M27 motorway up to Jct 1. The Highways Agency declares the New Forest A31 section as being an abnormal, the westbound route, suffers from poor horizontal and vertical alignment due to its original function as an old single carriageway. Dorset County Council cites relieving this junction as a priority in the Bournemouth LTP 2006-2011. In December 2014 the Government announced a series of schemes as part of an investment in transport infrastructure that included widening the Westbound carriageway to 3 lanes. This section of road is single carriageway for its length, a long section around Winterborne Zelston has a 40 mph speed limit. There are no good overtaking places on this stretch of road due to its narrow, there are three long straight sections of road along Charborough Park, at the end of each straight there is blind bend. Due to the lack of alternative overtaking places traffic use this stretch of road to overtake, the 6 ft wall that runs alongside the road has many holes, and repaired sections which have been hit by cars over the years.
The A31 crosses the A350 at a large roundabout, due to the volume of traffic crossing this roundabout on both the A350 and A31, clear lane markings have been added to ease congestion. Sections along the A31 have been widened or straightened and junctions enhanced, a section of the A31 between Winchester and Ower in Hampshire is now known as the A3090. A short dual carriageway section starts from the A36 roundabout near Ower, SABRE - A31 Highways Agency A31 Route Management Strategy
The A38, known as the Aston Expressway, is a motorway in Birmingham, England. It is 2 miles long and was opened on 24 May 1972 and it forms part of the much longer A38 route. It is extremely unusual among UK motorways, as part of it consists of seven lanes with no central reservation, and operates a tidal flow system in an attempt to minimise congestion. Due to the nature of the road, the limit is reduced to 50 mph for most of its length with a very short length of 30 mph. When construction work of the began in the late 1960s, many late 19th-century. A38 runs from the A5127 through Gravelly Hill Interchange where the A38 joins and it enters a tidal flow section. The road is on a viaduct as it passes through Aston, the road passes through its first junction after 1 mile. It enters a cutting before reaching the junction, where the tidal flow ends as does the motorway. The motorway is curved in Aston to avoid an Ansells brewery, the motorway was crossed by a vinegar pipeline, carrying the condiment from one part of the since-demolished HP Sauce factory to the other.
The Expressway was the first road in the United Kingdom to introduce tidal flow to allow management of traffic. Lane use is controlled by means of electronic overhead signs, with one lane always closed to create a buffer between the two directions of travel – there is no central reservation. In the morning, four of the seven lanes are designated for use by traffic heading toward Birmingham city centre, in the evening rush hour, this pattern is reversed and four lanes are made available to outbound traffic and two lanes towards the city centre. At all other times, the runs with three lanes in each direction. Motorcycles are banned from the central lane, which contains a drainage channel. This follows an accident which occurred when one of the drainage covers dislodged. The traffic island at Dartmouth Circus houses a preserved Boulton and Watt steam engine, list of motorways in the United Kingdom Transport in Birmingham CBRD Motorway Database – A38 CBRD Videos – A38 Pathetic Motorways – A38 The Motorway Archive – A38
M18 motorway (Great Britain)
The M18 is a motorway in Yorkshire, England. It runs from the east of Rotherham to Goole and is approximately 26 miles long, a section of the road forms part of the unsigned Euroroute E13. The M18 runs in a north east/south west direction from junction 32 of the M1 motorway to junction 35 of the M62 motorway and it passes east of Rotherham, southeast of Doncaster and Armthorpe, and west of Thorne. It meets the A1 at junction 2 --known as the Wadworth Interchange—and the M180 motorway at junction 5, access to Doncaster is provided from junctions 3 and 4 Much of the M18 is a two lane dual carriageway, and carries relatively low volumes of traffic. However, the section linking the M1 and A1 is much busier and has three lanes in each direction and it passes over the Wadworth Viaduct. To the north it crosses the East Coast Main Line, and until its closure and the dismantling of the pit head gear. Work started in 2013 and the became operational in February 2016. Data from driver location signs are used to distance and carriageway identifier information.
The location sequence is a continuation of the M1 location sequence, list of motorways in the United Kingdom CBRD Motorway Database – M18 Hotels and restaurants along the motorway. Motorway Archive – M1 to A1 Motorway Archive – A1 to M62
The M27 is a motorway in Hampshire, England. It is 25 miles long and runs west-east from Cadnam to Portsmouth and it was opened in stages between 1975 and 1983. It is unfinished, as an extension to the east was planned, a number of smaller motorways were proposed, connecting the city centres of Southampton and Portsmouth to the motorway, of these only the M271 and M275 were built. It runs alongside the northern outskirts of Fareham, briefly with a climbing lane in either direction. Very shortly after this point the motorway ends, becoming the A27, the official reason for this section of road not being a continuation of the motorway is the hard shoulders being too narrow. Although the M275 which the M27 junctions with, has no hard shoulders throughout its entire length. The M27 was opened in stages between 1975 and 1983, the South Stoneham garden of remembrance is now located at the north end of the cemetery, adjacent to the motorway. It has been said that the M27 was intended as a motorway connecting south coast towns from Penzance to Ramsgate, however the only proposal of a route similar to that was by the Institution of Highway Engineers in 1936.
Road developments in the New Forest are restricted due to its National Park status and it is not part of the M27 as its hard shoulders are not quite wide enough to comply with motorway regulations. The M272 was meant to go from Junction 5 through Portswood to the centre of Southampton, the M272 was instead built as the A335 Thomas Lewis Way. Junction 6 was never built – there were plans for a spur connecting the M27 to the centre of the Townhill Park area of Southampton. A planned service area just east of Junction 9 was never constructed, the long westbound exit slip road at Junction 9 was designed to allow an entry to and exit from the service area. Data from driver location signs are used to distance and carriageway identifier information. Where a junction spans several hundred metres and start and end points are available, Junction 1 is about 1,800 metres from The Rufus Stone, where King William II, known as William Rufus, was killed in what may have been a hunting accident in 1100. List of motorways in the United Kingdom CBRD Motorway Database – M27 The Motorway Archive – M27 TAB-MSAS, Photo Gallery, M27
The A171 is a road in England that links the North Yorkshire towns of Middlesbrough and Scarborough. Locally it is known as The Moor Road, the road is mostly single carriageway but has some sections of dual carriageway. Just outside Guisborough it heads into the North York Moors National Park, as it passes the village of Charltons, it rises up at a 15% incline through two 90° turns up to Low Moor, this hill is named Birk Brow. The road wends its way through the moorland of the North York Moors park past Scaling Dam. The bridge was built in 1980 at an projected cost of £1 million and it heads due south through Burniston and Scalby before finishing in Scarborough at a junction with the A64 on Falsgrave Road. The route is served by Arriva bus service X93, during the summer part of the timetable the service is roughly one an hour in each direction. A Park and Ride facility was opened at the junction with the B1460 outside of Whitby in 2014, the park has space for 450 vehicles and buses run every 15 minutes to and from the town between the hours of 10 am and 7 pm.
At the roundabout junction with the A169 is a monument to the first German aircraft shot down over England in World War II. 3 Hawker Hurricane aircraft of 43 Squadron, RAF Acklington shot down a Heinkel HE111 at Bannial Flat Farm just north of what is now the two A roads junction
M2 motorway (Great Britain)
The M2 is a motorway in Kent, England. It is 25.7 miles long and acts as a bypass of the section of the A2 road which runs through the Medway Towns, the M2 starts to the west of Strood at Three Crutches, diverging southeastwards from the A2 road that heads eastwards from London. It begins at Junction 1 with four lanes and descends towards the Medway Valley to the south of Rochester, the Road crosses the Medway Valley on two Medway viaducts, passing over the Medway Valley Line and Chatham Main Line prior to crossing the river. On the east bank of the River is the village of Borstal, continuing east, passing Medway Service area, it crosses the A249 over the Stockbury Viaduct at Junction 5. It continues along the rural North Downs, with a connection at Junction 6 to the old A2 at Faversham, the initial section of the motorway was opened by the Transport Minister Ernest Marples on 29 May 1963, with the remainder being constructed in 1965. Instead the A2 was dualled and improved from Brenley Corner to Dover, aside from retrofitting central crash barriers, like all early motorways, the alignment of the M2 did not significantly change until the late 1990s.
Traffic using it decreased when the M20 was completed from London to Folkestone in May 1991, while the M2 continued to Canterbury, Junction 1 was altered when the A289 Wainscott Northern bypass was built in the late 1990s. The M2 was still busy between Junctions 1 and 4, and suffered from HGVs blocking the outside lane, in 2000 work began on widening the M2 from two lanes to four lanes. A joint venture between Costain and Mowlem created the company that would undertake the project, the project required the redesign of Junction 2 and Junction 3, and a second Medway Bridge. The existing bridge was converted to a four lane eastbound carriageway, the new bridge formed the westbound carriageway. The entire stretch was lit with streetlights, the old Medway Bridge was physically narrowed by removing part of the footpath. High-pressure water cutting equipment was used to cut the concrete into manageable sections for disposal, there is only one path open to the public now. Spoil from the North Downs Tunnel was used to form the new embankment for the London bound traffic between Junction 2 and the Nashenden Valley, the widening was completed in July 2003.
The M2 opened with a service area between Junctions 4 and 5, named Farthing Corner Services and operated by Top Rank. Today the services are known as Medway services and are operated under the Moto brand with a Travelodge hotel, the services have an access road to the local network for service and delivery vehicles that is not, like some motorway service areas, restricted with a gate or barrier. This has led to local businesses using the services as an exit from the motorway. Data from driver location signs are used to distance and carriageway identifier information. Where junctions extend over several hundred metres and the data are available, values are given for the start and end points of the junction