Category:German emigrants to Switzerland
Pages in category "German emigrants to Switzerland"
The following 35 pages are in this category, out of 35 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 35 pages are in this category, out of 35 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. German immigration to Switzerland – About a quarter of a million German nationals had permanent residence in Switzerland in 2009, rising to some 300 thousand five years later. For the Germans, Switzerland became the most appreciated country to settle in, to find work or to study. The surge of immigration during in the first decade of the 21st century, especially the German one, is a result of the EU-15 opening and, for students, of the Bologna Process. 05% of German population. At the same time, about 224,000 German nationals, or 1 in 350 German citizens, lived in Switzerland, the number of Germans in Switzerland has doubled in the period of 2002 to 2009. The reason for this is the Swiss–European treaty regarding the freedom of movement for workers, as of 2009, they were the second-largest expatriate group in Switzerland, numbering 266,000 second to the Italians with 294,000. 19,000 Germans with permanent residence in Switzerland were married to a Swiss citizen, in 2007, the number of Germans in Switzerland passed the historical maximum of 220,000 Germans recorded prior to World War I. However, because of the total population at the time. The rate of naturalizations has also increased since 2007. Historical demographics 1995–2014, German citizens have mostly settled in Zürich, already at the historical maximum of German presence in Switzerland in 1910, German population in Zürich was as high as 41,000 or 22% of the citys total population. As of 2009, German population in Zürich was at about 30,000, or close to 8%. As of 2015 this population counted 33,297, slightly above 8% of the 410,404 inhabitants, of which 131,168 were foreigners, some third of all people of the city of Zurich. The extent of and reasons for Swiss opposition to German immigration were studied in Helbling, the survey found that, in 1994-95, the Germans were the fourth-most disliked immigrant group in Zürich. Following – with a distance – the immigrants from Turkey, the Arab World, and disliked slightly more than the Tamils and Black Africans. The Federal Republic again exactly 16 times as many as the German-speaking Switzerland, so, if a German would put himself in the position of an intimidated German Swiss, he may well imagine that his country is not adjacent in the East to the Czech Republic but to China. Integration – differences in culture, behavior, manners, language problems Experience shows that the excitement fades away on every major wave of immigration with its increasing integration. It is particularly notable that Italians are the most liked immigrants, cristiana Baldauf comments on the fundamental differences, on the petty ones and on the different languages, One has to bear in mind that the Swiss are ticking quite differently as we do. Often just minor differences bear a potential for misunderstanding, the language plays a central role in the misunderstanding. The Swiss German is more than just a dialect for most German-speaking Swiss, it is the mother tongue, opposition to culturally similar and highly skilled immigrants
2. Max Alsberg – Max Alsberg was a famous criminal lawyer of the Weimar Republic. Alsberg worked primarily as a defense lawyer, he defended Karl Helfferich in 1920. His best known contribution to science is the handbook Der Beweisantrag im Strafprozess. Max Alsberg committed suicide by gunshot on 11 September 1933
3. Eugen Bamberger – Eugen Bamberger was a German chemist and discoverer of the Bamberger rearrangement. Bamberger started studying medicine in 1875 at the University of Berlin and he returned to Berlin in the same year and focused on chemistry. The Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich appointed him professor in 1893, where he stayed until an illness forced him to retire from the position in 1905. He suffered from limited control of his arm and severe headache for the rest of his life. Still he did work in a private laboratory at ETH. In the last years of his life he lived at Ponte Tresa,1, S.426 Pötsch/Fischer/Müller, Lexikon bedeutender Chemiker, Verlag H. Deutsch,1989, S.26 Short bio of Bamberger for his 150th birthday at the ETH-Website here
4. Fritz Delius (actor) – Fritz Delius was a German film actor and theater artist. He played leading parts opposite Henny Porten and Fern Andra in several silent films, after the advent of talkies he shifted his focus to theater. When Adolf Hitler came to power and several restrictions began to be imposed on Jews, Delius emigrated to Switzerland where he continued his theater, the actor Fritz Delius was born on 28 September 1890 as Friedrich Wilhelm Diamant in Berlin. He made his debut in 1909 at the Meiningen Court Theatre and later acted frequently at the Reinhardt theaters in Berlin. When the production of silent films began during the First World War and he played the leading actor opposite actress Henny Porten in several films. Some of his films include Das große Schweigen, Ihr bester Schuß. Fern Andra was another actress opposite whom he starred in several films and he was also credit as writer of two films Abseits vom Glück and Der Ruf der Liebe. He also acted in the 1930 Spanish language film Dona Mentiras, some of his successful films include Auri sacra fames/Der verfluchte Hunger nach Gold, Katharina die Grosse, Lotte Lore, Deutsche Helden in schwerer Zeit and Der Turm des Schweigens. He also starred in the silent film The Women House of Brescia and it was rejected by the British Board of Film Classification. After talkies began to be produced in Germany he acted in one film Seine Freundin Annette. In the historical film Am Liebeshof des Sonnenkönigs, Delius played the character of Louis XIV of France, in the 1920s Delius turned more to the theater and then worked for many years with the Theater in Der Josefstadt in Vienna. He later received an engagement at the Comedy in Basel, in 1938, because of his Jewish origin he left Germany and moved to Switzerland where he continued his theater and film career. He died on 20 September 1966 in Basel, catherine the Great The Women House of Brescia Lotte Lore Louise de Lavallière Seine Freundin Annette Madness Rules Fritz Delius at the Internet Movie Database Rudi Plot
5. Albert Einstein – Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. He developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics, Einsteins work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. Einstein is best known in popular culture for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2, near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. This led him to develop his theory of relativity during his time at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern. Briefly before, he aquired the Swiss citizenship in 1901, which he kept for his whole life and he continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He also investigated the properties of light which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. In 1917, Einstein applied the theory of relativity to model the large-scale structure of the universe. He was visiting the United States when Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 and, being Jewish, did not go back to Germany and he settled in the United States, becoming an American citizen in 1940. This eventually led to what would become the Manhattan Project, Einstein supported defending the Allied forces, but generally denounced the idea of using the newly discovered nuclear fission as a weapon. Later, with the British philosopher Bertrand Russell, Einstein signed the Russell–Einstein Manifesto, Einstein was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, until his death in 1955. Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers along with over 150 non-scientific works, on 5 December 2014, universities and archives announced the release of Einsteins papers, comprising more than 30,000 unique documents. Einsteins intellectual achievements and originality have made the word Einstein synonymous with genius, Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, in the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire, on 14 March 1879. His parents were Hermann Einstein, a salesman and engineer, the Einsteins were non-observant Ashkenazi Jews, and Albert attended a Catholic elementary school in Munich from the age of 5 for three years. At the age of 8, he was transferred to the Luitpold Gymnasium, the loss forced the sale of the Munich factory. In search of business, the Einstein family moved to Italy, first to Milan, when the family moved to Pavia, Einstein stayed in Munich to finish his studies at the Luitpold Gymnasium. His father intended for him to electrical engineering, but Einstein clashed with authorities and resented the schools regimen. He later wrote that the spirit of learning and creative thought was lost in strict rote learning, at the end of December 1894, he travelled to Italy to join his family in Pavia, convincing the school to let him go by using a doctors note. During his time in Italy he wrote an essay with the title On the Investigation of the State of the Ether in a Magnetic Field
6. Buddy Elias – Bernhard Paul Buddy Elias was a Swiss actor and president of the Anne Frank Fonds, the foundation dedicated to preserving the memory of his cousin Anne Frank. Elias was born in Frankfurt am Main in Germany in 1925 and his father, Erich Elias, became head of the Basel-based Opekta company in 1929 and Bernhard moved there in 1931. In 1947 he joined Holiday on Ice and was with them for ten years and later acted on stage in Switzerland, Great Britain, France. In the mid-1970s, he appeared increasingly in film and television, Elias was the first cousin and last-surviving close relative of Holocaust diarist Anne Frank, who died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in March 1945. He was president of the Anne Frank Fonds, located in Basel, the Anne Frank Fonds is responsible for the rights of Franks Diary of a Young Girl, which until his death in 1980 had been headed by her father, Otto Frank. Elias lived in Basel with his wife, Gerti Elias, where he died on 16 March 2015 and they had two sons, Patrick and Oliver, who became actors. Buch Jürgen Knop, Director Ulli Herzog,1982, bibi Blocksberg, Ein verhexter Urlaub Benjamin Blümchen as Rudi Rundleder. 2012, Ehrenplakette der Stadt Frankfurt am Main 2007, Basler Stern Andreas Kotte, theaterlexikon der Schweiz / Dictionnaire du théâtre en Suisse / Dizionario Teatrale Svizzero / Lexicon da teater svizzer. Works by or about Buddy Elias in libraries Buddy Elias at the Internet Movie Database Buddy Elias at his agency „Erinnerungen vom Dachboden“, Interview, februar 2012 biography Obituaries, FAZ, spiegel. de, sueddeutsche. de
7. Otto Frank – Otto Heinrich Pim Frank was a German-born Swiss businessman. He was the father of Anne and Margot Frank, Otto Frank was born into a wealthy Jewish family. He was the son of Alice Betty and Michael Frank. His elder brother was Robert Frank, and younger siblings were Herbert Frank, Otto was a cousin of the well known furniture designer Jean-Michel Frank, and a grandson of Zacharias Frank. He studied economics in Heidelberg from 1908 to 1909 and had a work placement at Macys Department Store in New York City. Frank served in the Imperial German Army during the First World War and he was attached to the infantry as a range-finder at the Battle of the Somme in 1916 and in 1917 he was promoted in the field to lieutenant and then served at the Battle of Cambrai. Frank worked in the bank his family ran until it collapsed in the early 1930s and he married Edith Holländer – an heiress to a scrap-metal and industrial-supply business – on his birthday,12 May 1925, in Frankfurt. Their elder daughter, Margot Frank, was born on 16 February 1926 and his wife Edith Hollander died of starvation in Auschwitz. His daughters, Margot and Anne, were transferred from Auschwitz to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, after the war he married Elfriede Geiringer in 1953. As the tide of Nazism rose in Germany and anti-Jewish decrees encouraged attacks on Jewish individuals and families, in August 1933 he moved his family to Aachen, where his wifes mother resided, in preparation for a subsequent and final move to Amsterdam in the Netherlands. There he started a company, Opekta, that sold spices, after Germany invaded the Netherlands in May 1940, Otto made his business look Aryan by transferring control to non-Jews. In 1938 and 1941, Frank attempted to obtain visas for his family to emigrate to the United States or Cuba and he was granted a single visa for himself to Cuba on 1 December 1941, but it is not known if it ever reached him. Ten days later, when Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy declared war on the United States, Otto Frank took his family into hiding on 6 July 1942 at the age of 53, in the upper rear rooms of the Opekta premises on the Prinsengracht. They were joined a week later by Hermann van Pels, who was known as Herman van Daan in Annes diary, and his wife and son, and in November by Fritz Pfeffer, also known in Annes diary as Mr. Dussel. Their concealment was aided by Otto Franks colleagues Johannes Kleiman, whom he had known since 1923, Miep Gies, Victor Kugler, Frank, his family, the four people he hid with, and Kugler and Kleiman were arrested by SS Officer Karl Silberbauer. After being imprisoned in Amsterdam, the Jewish prisoners were sent to the Dutch transit camp of Westerbork, during his time at Auschwitz, Otto Frank wrote to his mother in Switzerland. She had fled there in 1933 after Hitler came to power and it was at Auschwitz, in September, that Frank was separated forever from his wife and daughters. He was sent to the barracks and found himself in the sick barracks when he was liberated by Soviet troops on 27 January 1945
8. Otto Fretter-Pico – Otto Fretter-Pico was a general in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded several divisions. He was a recipient of the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany and he surrendered to Brazilian forces in April 1945 and was kept under their custody until 1948 when he retired and went to live in Switzerland
9. Josef Ganz – Josef Ganz was a German car designer born in Budapest, Austro-Hungarian Empire. Josef Ganz was born on 1 July 1898 into a Jewish family living in Budapest and his mother was Maria Török from Hungary. His father was Dr Hugo Markus Ganz from Mainz in Germany who worked as a political and literary writer, at an early age, Josef Ganz was fascinated by technology. After moving from Budapest to Vienna, the moved to Frankfurt am Main in Germany in 1916. In July 1916, Ganz voluntarily enlisted in the German army, after the war, in 1918, Josef Ganz resumed his mechanical engineering studies. During this period, he inspired with the idea of building a small car for the price of a motorcycle. In 1923, as a mechanical engineering student, Ganz made his first auto sketches for a car for the masses. This was a lightweight car along the lines of the Rumpler Tropfenwagen with a mid-mounted engine, independent wheel suspension, swing-axles. Josef Ganz used this magazine as a platform to criticize heavy, unsafe and old-fashioned cars and promote innovative design, the magazine gained in reputation and influence and, in January 1929, was renamed Motor-Kritik. Contributors to the magazine included Béla Barényi, an engineering student who designed cars with similar design. Companies in turn fought against Motor-Kritik with lawsuits, slander campaigns, publicity for the magazine and Josef Ganz increased. In 1929, Josef Ganz started contacting German motorcycle manufacturers Zündapp, Ardie and DKW for collaboration to build a prototype, small peoples car. This resulted in a first prototype, the Ardie-Ganz, built at Ardie in 1930 and a one completed at Adler in May 1931. News about the spread through the industry. The first company to build a car according to the patents of Josef Ganz was the Standard Fahrzeugfabrik. It featured a chassis, a mid-mounted engine, and independent wheel suspension with swing-axles at the rear. Here the new Chancellor Adolf Hitler expressed interest in its design, under the new anti-Semitic government, however, Josef Ganz was a target for his enemies from the automotive industry that opposed his writings in Motor-Kritik. In 1932, three prototypes were running, all of those cars were lost during the war, the last in a bombing raid over Stuttgart in 1945
10. Gertrude Guillaume-Schack – Gertrude Guillaume-Schack was a German-born womens rights activist who pioneered the fight against state-regulated prostitution in Germany. She met considerable resistance due to the belief that such matters should not be discussed by respectable people. She also became active in organizing German womens workers associations, and was linked to the Social Democratic Party and her activities and political views caused her to be exiled by the German authorities. She moved to England in 1886, where she involved in Socialist organizations. After leaving the English Socialist League she became involved in theosophy, Gertrud Schack was born in the village of Uschütz, Silesia, near what is now Gorzów Śląski, on 9 November 1845. Her parents were Count Alexander Schack von Wittenau and Elizabeth, Countess of Königsdorf and her fathers family belonged to the old nobility of Lower Silesia. Her father, Count Schack, was an open-minded and wise man who exercised influence on his gifted daughter. When Gertrude was seventeen years, her parents left their estate and her father sent Gertrud to live with a sister, asking her to visit him often. In the autumn of 1873 she moved to Neufchatel, Switzerland, in 1876 she married a Swiss painter, and lived for a while with him in his parents house. Her husband was Edouard Guillaume of Les Verrières, Neuchatel and her brother-in-law was James Guillaume, an anarchist closely associated with Mikhail Bakunin. The newlyweds moved to Paris, but it turned out that her husband was not willing to commit himself to marriage and abandon his bachelor habits, in the summer of 1878 she returned home from Paris. While in Paris Guillaume-Schack became active in the abolitionist movement started by Josephine Butler of England to fight state-regulated prostitution and she began the campaign in Germany with the same goals. In her view compulsory medical examinations and other regulations imposed on prostitutes penalized the women, in January 1879 she went to Berlin to work for the cause, and in May 1879 gave her first lectures to very small audiences. She spoke publicly against state-regulated prostitution in City Hall in Berlin on 14 May 1880, on 7 March 1880 she founded the Deutscher Kulturbund in Berlin. The Deutscher Kulturbund was in effect the first chapter of what would become the International Abolitionist Federation in Germany, technically it was independent of the IAF, due to restrictions imposed by the laws of Prussia, and was based in Beuthen an der Oder. However, it followed the principles that Butler had defined, although she was supported by the leaders of the Berlins womens movement, Lina Morgenstern and Franziska Tiburtius, progress was slow. Many respectable people thought that it was not proper for them to publicly discuss prostitution, the Prussian Law of Association, which remained in force until 1908, also restricted the right of women to meet and talk about social and political issues in public. Guillaume-Schack spoke at events and meetings
11. Hermann Hesse – Hermann Karl Hesse was a German-born Swiss poet, novelist, and painter. His best-known works include Demian, Steppenwolf, Siddhartha, and The Glass Bead Game, each of which explores an individuals search for authenticity, self-knowledge, in 1946, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature. Hermann Karl Hesse was born on 2 July 1877 in the Black Forest town of Calw in Württemberg and his grandparents served in India at a mission under the auspices of the Basel Mission, a Protestant Christian missionary society. Hesses mother, Marie Gundert, was born at such a mission in India in 1842, in describing her own childhood, she said, A happy child I was not. As was usual among missionaries at the time, she was left behind in Europe at the age of four when her parents returned to India, Hesses father, Johannes Hesse, the son of a doctor, was born in 1847 in the Estonian town of Paide. Johannes Hesse belonged to the German minority in the Russian-ruled Baltic region, Hermann had five siblings, but two of them died in infancy. In 1873, the Hesse family moved to Calw, where Johannes worked for the Calwer Verlagsverein, maries father, Hermann Gundert, managed the publishing house at the time, and Johannes Hesse succeeded him in 1893. Hesse grew up in a Swabian Pietist household, with the Pietist tendency to insulate believers into small, furthermore, Hesse described his fathers Baltic German heritage as an important and potent fact of his developing identity. His father, Hesse stated, always seemed like a polite, very foreign, lonely. His fathers tales from Estonia instilled a sense of religion in young Hermann. An exceedingly cheerful, and, for all its Christianity, a merry world and we wished for nothing so longingly as to be allowed to see this Estonia. Where life was so paradisiacal, so colorful and happy, from childhood, Hesse appeared headstrong and hard for his family to handle. In a letter to her husband, Hermanns mother Marie wrote, The little fellow has a life in him, a strength, a powerful will, and, for his four years of age. How can he express all that, Hesse showed signs of serious depression as early as his first year at school. The fictional town of Gerbersau is pseudonymous for Calw, imitating the real name of the town of Hirsau. It is derived from the German words gerber, meaning tanner, Calw had a centuries-old leather-working industry, and during Hesses childhood the tanneries influence on the town was still very much in evidence. Hesses favorite place in Calw was the St. Nicholas-Bridge, which is why the Hesse monument was built there in 2002, all this instilled a sense in Hermann Hesse that he was a citizen of the world. His family background became, he noted, the basis of an isolation, young Hesse shared a love of music with his mother
12. Richard Katz – Richard Katz was a German journalist, travel writer, and essayist from Bohemia. While writing both grandiose and humble prose, his style is consistently imbued with a sense of humor, humility, after graduation Katz studied law at The German University in Prague. During his studies, he wrote for a variety of newspapers, upon graduation, he began work with the now defunct Vossische Zeitung newspaper in their Prague office. During this placement, he spent a year in East Asia working as a traveling reporter, after the First World War, Katz moved to Leipzig and in 1924 he became director of the Leipzig Publishing Company, a position he held for two years. In the years between 1928 and 1930, he was a clerk for the Ullstein publishing house in Berlin, while working in this position, Katz founded the Green Post, a periodical which very quickly reached a circulation of over one million. The financial success allowed Katz to establish himself as an independent writer, during the period between 1925 and his death, Katz published nearly thirty-five volumes, mostly personally written journalistic travel books. His other areas of interests were animals - specifically dogs -, some of his most refreshing works center around the personalities of dogs, and the methods one must employ to be a successful gardener. In 1933 Katz emigrated to Switzerland, in 1941, he moved to Brazil obtaining citizenship there. In 1956 he returned to Switzerland where he died in 1968 living above Locarno, heilen in Ekstase - Die faszinierende Welt der San im Südlichen Afrika Kleinode der Natur - Nur Tiere. Vier Geschichten - Von Hund zu Hund - Übern Gartenhag - Steckenpferde - Drei Gesichter Luzifers, lärm, Maschinen, Geschäft Leid in der Stadt Einsames Leben Jeroen Dewulf, Brasilien mit Brüchen. Schweizer unter dem Kreuz des Südens, Zürich, NZZ Verlag 2007
13. Lothar Kempter – Lothar Kempter was a German-Swiss composer and conductor. He was born in 1844 in Lauingen and his father was music teacher Friedrich Kempter. Following his fathers wishes he started studying law at the University of Munich, in 1868, after his father had died, he changed to studying music. At the Royal Music Academy in Munich he studied Musical ensemble with Hans von Bülow, composition with Josef Rheinberger, choir singing with Franz Wüllner, in 1871, he moved to Magdeburg, where he became second Kapellmeister of the orchestra of Stadttheater Magdeburg. The same year he married singer Caroline Leonoff and he then conducted for three years the orchestra at the Strasbourg theatre. In 1875 he became Kapellmeister at the Aktientheather in Zürich, a position which he held until 1915, in 1879 he became director of the Tonhalle Orchester Zürich. In 1886 he began teaching theory and composition at the Zurich Conservatory. In 1892 he became a citizen of Zürich, in 1911 he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Zurich. In 1899, eleven years after his first wife Caroline had died, he married Hedwig Ratzinger, in 1910, he married Philomena Jakob. Both were singers at the Stadttheater Zurich, Material from the German Wikipedia article Material from External links below Biography
14. Friedhelm Konietzka – Friedhelm Timo Konietzka was a German football striker and manager. He earned his nickname Timo due to a resemblance to the Soviet commander Semyon Timoshenko. Konietzka was born in Lünen, Province of Westphalia, and started his career at his hometown club VfB08 Lünen. In his youth he worked in a coal mine, max Merkel, coach of Borussia Dortmund at that time, discovered his talent when Konietzka was 20 and included him in the Dortmund squad. Together with fellow striker Jürgen Schütz, he formed the most dangerous attack of the Oberliga West, Konietzka played a total of 100 Bundesliga matches for Borussia Dortmund and TSV1860 Munich and scored 72 goals, being the second best scorer of the league from 1964–1966 in the process. He was also capped nine times for Germany between 1962 and 1965, on 24 August 1963, Konietzka scored the first goal in the Bundesliga for Borussia Dortmund against Werder Bremen in the first minute. He won the German championship with Dortmund against 1, FC Köln in the last final before the introduction of the Bundesliga in 1963. His biggest successes as a player were a DFB-Pokal title with Dortmund in 1965 and championship titles with Dortmund in 1963 and his coaching career included stints with Borussia Dortmund, Bayer Uerdingen, FC Zürich, BSC Young Boys and Grasshopper Club Zürich. He won three Swiss championships with FC Zürich between 1974 and 1976 and reached the semifinal of the 1976–1977 European Cup, where his Zürich side was knocked out by Liverpool F. C. As coach of BSC Young Boys he twice reached the final of the Swiss Cup between 1978 and 1980 and he took Swiss citizenship in 1988. With help of euthanasia-organisation Exit International, he chose to end his life at the age of 73 in Brunnen, Canton of Schwyz
15. Karl Muck – Karl Muck was a German-born conductor of classical music. He based his activities principally in Europe and mostly in opera and his American career comprised two stints at the Boston Symphony Orchestra. He endured a public outcry in 1917 that questioned whether his loyalties lay with Germany or the United States during World War I, though he was a Swiss citizen, he was arrested and interned in a camp in Georgia from March 1918 until August 1919. His later career included notable engagements in Hamburg and at the Bayreuth Festival, Karl Muck was born in Darmstadt, Germany. Mucks father, a court official and amateur musician, moved the family to Switzerland in 1867. Karl Muck acquired Swiss citizenship when he was 21, Muck studied piano as a child and made his first public appearance at the age of 11 when he gave a piano solo at a chamber music recital. He also played the violin in a symphony orchestra as a boy. He graduated from the gymnasium at Würzburg and entered the University of Heidelberg at 16, in May 1878 he entered the University of Leipzig, where he took his degree as Doctor of Philosophy in 1880. While there studied music at Leipzig Conservatory and he made his formal debut as a concert pianist on February 19,1880 at the Leipzig Gewandhaus in Xaver Scharwenkas Piano Concerto No.1 in B-flat minor with Arthur Nikisch conducting. He then held appointments in Brünn and Graz, where he married 21-year-old Anita Portugall on February 3,1887 and he also conducted Neumanns traveling opera company, appearing at Berlin and in 1888–1889 conducting Wagners Ring cycle in Moscow and St. Petersburg. He left Prague to become principal conductor in October 1892 of the Berlin Court Opera (Kgl, oper — today the Berlin State Opera, where he was appointed Chief Musical Director on August 26,1908. He remained in Berlin until 1912, conducting 1,071 performances of 103 operas and he also conducted the Royal Orchestra in concerts there. He took other assignments during his tenure in Berlin and he was guest conductor at the Silesian music festivals in Goerlitz between 1894 and 1911. In May and June 1899 at Londons Royal Opera House Covent Garden, he conducted Beethovens Fidelio and he devoted many summers to the Wagner Festival in Bayreuth where he became principal conductor in 1903, after serving as a musical assistant since 1892. He succeeded Hermann Levi as the conductor of Parsifal there, as war approached in the summer of 1914, Muck insisted on performing Parsifal on August 1,1914 to close the Festival, which was not revived until 1924. He led the Vienna Philharmonic from 1903 to 1906 and the Boston Symphony Orchestra from 1906 to 1918, Muck was offered the Metropolitan Opera House podium in New York at a reputed $27,000 a year, but declined. From 1903 to 1906 he alternated with Felix Mottl as conductor of the Vienna Philharmonic, at the Panama-Pacific International Exhibition held in San Francisco May 14–26,1915, Muck conducted the Boston Symphony Orchestra in 13 concerts of music of all nations. Solo performers praised his work with them, artur Schnabel called Muck, a very great master, whose reliability, maturity and selfless dedication are not equaled by any living artist
16. Johannes Scherr – Johannes Scherr, was a German-born novelist and literary critic most of whose working life was spent in Switzerland. Scherr was born in Hohenrechberg, Württemberg, after studying philosophy and history at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, he became master in a school conducted by his brother Thomas in Winterthur. Condemned in contumaciam to fifteen years hard labor, he established himself in Zürich as Privatdozent in 1850, in 1860 he was appointed professor of history and Helvetian literature at the Polytechnicum in Zürich, in which city he died. Scherr was a writer in the field of historical investigation into the civilization, literature. His works, characterized by their caustic wit and many peculiarities in point of diction, have largely a political bias, with the exception of some of his stories Scherrs works have not appeared in a collected edition. In 1845, Scherr married the Swiss writer Maria Susanna Kübler who is remembered for her early cookbooks, rines, George Edwin, ed. Scherr, Johannes. Attribution This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Scherr
17. John Sutter – Although famous throughout California for his association with the Gold Rush, Sutter saw his business ventures fail while those of his elder son, John Augustus Sutter, Jr. were more successful. John Augustus Sutter was born Johann August Suter on February 15,1803 in Kandern, Baden, Germany, Johann went to school in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. At age 21, Johann married the daughter of a rich widow and he operated a store but he was more interested in spending money than making it. Because of family and mounting debts, Johann faced charges that would have him placed in jail, so he decided to dodge trial and ventured to America, he styled his name to Captain John Augustus Sutter. In North America, John Augustus Sutter undertook extensive travels, before he went to the U. S. he had learned Spanish and English in addition to Swiss French. Together with 35 Germans he moved from the St. Louis area to Santa Fe, New Mexico, a province of Mexico, then moved to the town of Westport, Oregon Territory. On April 1,1838, he joined a group of missionaries, led by the fur trapper Andrew Drips, and traveled the Oregon Trail to Fort Vancouver in Oregon Territory, which they reached in October. Sutter originally planned to cross the Siskiyou Mountains during the winter, Sutter was charged £21 by Douglas to arrange transportation on the British bark Columbia for himself and his eight followers. The Columbia departed Fort Vancouver on 11 November and sailed to the Kingdom of Hawaii, Sutter had missed the only ship inbound for the Alta California, and had to remain in the Kingdom for four months. The brig Clementine was eventually hired by Sutter to take provisions and general merchandise for New Archangel. Joining the crew as unpaid supercargo, Sutter,10 Native Hawaiians laborers, staying at New Archangel for a month, Sutter joined several balls hosted by Governor Kupreyanov, who likely gave help in determining the course of the Sacramento River. The Clementine then sailed for Alta California, reaching Yerba Buena on July 1,1839, which at that time was only a small seaport town. At the time of Sutters arrival in California, Alta California was a province of Mexico, and had a population of only about 1,000 Europeans and an estimated 100, 000-700,000 Native Americans. Sutter had to go to the capital at Monterey to obtain permission from the governor, Juan Bautista Alvarado, Alvarado saw Sutters plan of establishing a colony in Central Valley as useful in buttressing the frontier which he was trying to maintain against Indians, Russians, Americans and British. The governor stipulated however that for Sutter to qualify for land ownership, he had to reside in the territory for a year and become a Mexican citizen, which he did on August 29,1840. Construction was begun in August 1839 on a settlement which Sutter named New Helvetia, or New Switzerland, after his homeland. Sutter often began to identify himself as Captain Sutter of the Swiss Guard, when the settlement was completed in 1841, on 18 June, he received title to 48,827 acres on the Sacramento River. The site is now part of the California state capital of Sacramento, Sutter at first supported the establishment of an independent California Republic but when United States troops under John C
18. Peter Thullen – Peter Thullen was a German/Ecuadorian mathematician. He studied under Heinrich Behnke at the University of Münster and received his degree in 1931 at the age of 23. He is noted for work on complex variables. One of his achievements is a classification of 2-dimensional bounded Reinhardt domains and he obtained a subsequent research fellowship with Professor Francesco Severi in Rome to explore how algebraic geometry could be integrated into the theory of functions of several complex variables. In 1952 he left Latin America for Switzerland where he worked at the International Labour Organization, after he retired from the ILO he went on to teach at the University of Fribourg. He considered returning to Germany at times, but had difficulty securing a position, peter Thullen was an enthusiastic Wandervogel and active in the Catholic youth movement and opposed the rise of Nazism. He at first studied in Italy on a grant, and was able to observe developments in Germany from abroad and he decided he would not return to Germany so long as Hitler remained in power. After marriage, he moved to Quito, Ecuador with his wife, at the time he left for Ecuador he did not even know where Quito was located. His five children were all born during his stay in Ecuador and he would later disapprove of the post-war regime of Konrad Adenauer as he felt it retained some of the ills of German nationalism
19. Hans-Peter Wild – Hans-Peter Wild is a German entrepreneur and lawyer. He is the owner and chairman of Rudolf Wild GmbH & Co, KG, which, according to company information, is the worlds largest private manufacturer of natural flavor ingredients for food products and beverages. Hans-Peter Wild was born in Heidelberg in 1941, the son of Rudolf Wild and he passed the first state examination as a lawyer in Heidelberg with distinction. He completed a degree in studies in Mannheim, majoring in fiscal law. He completed a PhD entitled The market-dominating company under French law at the Faculty of Law at the University of Mannheim. After graduation, he worked at the Diersch & Schröder group of companies for four years as managing director, being responsible for the mineral oil, chemistry. In 1974, he joined his parents company - with the aim of expanding the world markets with Capri Sun, Wild has stood for the internationalization of the company ever since. Wild also used the international market knowledge that he gained for the international expansion of the division dealing with natural flavor ingredients for food products. He now develops and markets food and beverage ingredients worldwide under the motto We create great taste, Wild is President of the Leonie Wild Charitable Foundation, which he initiated together with his mother Leonie Wild in 1997. The trust helps citizens in need and is involved in social and cultural projects, particularly in Eppelheim, in addition to its support for the construction of the new Heidelberg Childrens Hospital, it has also been supporting the Ballschule ball-sports academy at the University of Heidelberg since 2001. The Ballschule provides supplementary sports classes for children in the first, Wild also assists the University of Heidelberg through donations, thus continuing the tradition started by his father Rudolf Wild. He donated a professorship to the International Institute for Management Development in Lausanne, in the end of 2001 the IMD Lombard Odier Business Center was extended by the Wild Group Chair for Family Business. In October 2007, Wild was instrumental in the formation of the Wild Rugby Academy and he also financially supports the Heidelberger RK, one of only two professional rugby clubs in Germany, in a sport otherwise fully amateur. The Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg made Wild an honorary senator in recognition of his years of service in 1996. The town of Eppelheim made him a citizen in June 2006 for his entrepreneurial achievements. KG and the facilities in Eppelheim and the region. Das marktbeherrschende Unternehmen im französischen Recht, dissertation, Mannheim 1969 Capri-Sonne, die Faszination einer Weltmarke, Frankfurt am Main 2001 ISBN 3-89843-036-7 Rudolf Wild GmbH & Co