Hearst Castle is a National Historic Landmark and California Historical Landmark mansion located on the Central Coast of California, United States. It was designed by architect Julia Morgan, between 1919 and 1947, as a residence for newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, who died in 1951, in 1954 it became a California State Park. The site was opened to visitors in 1958, since that time it has been operated as the Hearst San Simeon State Historical Monument where the estate, and its considerable collection of art and antiques, is open for public tours. Despite its location far from any urban center, the site attracts millions of travelers each year, Hearst formally named the estate La Cuesta Encantada, but usually called it the ranch. Hearst Castle and grounds are sometimes referred to as San Simeon without distinguishing between the Hearst property and the adjacent unincorporated area of the same name. Invitations to Hearst Castle were highly coveted during its heyday in the 1920s and 1930s, the Hollywood and political elite often visited, usually flying into the estates airfield or taking a private Hearst-owned train car from Los Angeles.
While guests were expected to attend the formal dinners each evening, since the Ranch had so many facilities, guests were rarely at a loss for things to do. The estates theater usually screened films from Hearsts own movie studio, Hearst Castle was the inspiration for the Xanadu mansion of the 1941 Orson Welles film Citizen Kane, a fictionalization of William Randolph Hearsts career. Hearst Castle was not used as a location for the film, commercial filming is rare at Hearst Castle and most requests are turned down. U. Y. One condition of the Hearst Corporations donation of the estate was that the Hearst family would be allowed to use it when they wished. Patty Hearst, a granddaughter of William Randolph, related that as a child, the house is screened from tourist routes by a dense grove of eucalyptus to provide maximum privacy for the guests. In 2001, Patty Hearst hosted a Travel Channel show on the estate, Hearst Castle joined the National Register of Historic Places on June 22,1972 and became a United States National Historic Landmark on May 11,1976.
Hearst Castle was included as one of Americas 10 Amazing Castles by Forbes Travel. com, the estate itself is five miles inland atop a hill of the Santa Lucia Range at an altitude of 1,600 feet. The region is sparsely populated because the Santa Lucia Range abuts the Pacific Ocean, the surrounding countryside visible from the mansion remains largely undeveloped. Its entrance is approximately five miles north of Hearst San Simeon State Park, Hearst Castle was built on Rancho Piedra Blanca that William Randolph Hearsts father, George Hearst, originally purchased in 1865. The younger Hearst grew fond of this site over many childhood family camping trips and he inherited the ranch, which had grown to 250,000 acres and 14 miles of coastline, from his mother Phoebe Hearst in 1919. The Hearst Castle area has a mediterranean climate that is moderated by its relative proximity to the Pacific coastline. Hearst first approached American architect Julia Morgan with ideas for a new project in April 1915, I get tired of going up there and camping in tents
Grand Island Shrine
The Grand Island Shrine, near Colusa, was built in 1883. It has known as the The Little Shrine at Sycamore. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974, according to its NRHP nomination, it is significant as a unique example of vernacular or folk architecture. The initial impact of suddenly sighting a small Gothic structure 100 yards off the highway in the middle of a barley field lends to its uniqueness. It was designed and built Father Michael Wallrath, who hand kilned its bricks and it is located on the site of the First Mass in Colusa County
McAllister Tower Apartments
McAllister Tower Apartments is a 28-story,94 m residential apartment skyscraper at 100 McAllister Street in San Francisco, California. The property is owned and operated by the University of California, the tower includes mixed-use offices on various floors, and the Art Deco-styled Sky Room with a panoramic view on the 24th floor. Conceived as a combination of a large church surmounted by a hotel. Initially designed by Timothy L. Pflueger in the style of Gothic Revival, the investors fired his firm and hired Lewis P. Hobart, in a resulting lawsuit, Pflueger won nearly half the damages he asked for. The building opened in 1930 as the William Taylor Hotel and Temple Methodist Episcopal Church, extra construction expenses had put the congregation at greater financial risk, and the church-hotel concept did not prove popular. No profit was made in six years, and the church left, in the late 1930s the building housed the Empire Hotel, known for its Sky Room lounge, from World War II to the 1970s,100 McAllister served as U. S. government offices.
Reopening as university housing and offices in 1981, McAllister Tower is home to some 300 law students, the Tower is sited one block from the administrative and scholastic center of Hastings College of the Law, and is the most prominent building in the district. From their initial $800,000 they bought property at McAllister and Leavenworth streets, Timothy L. Pflueger was chosen as the designer. The large church was named Temple Methodist Episcopal Church, or simply Temple Methodist, beginning in 1925, Pflueger designed a 308 ft, 28-story, step-back skyscraper made of brick framed with steel, along the lines of his just-completed Pacific Telephone & Telegraph Company Building. Its main decorative theme was neo-Gothic, expressed strongly in the three Gothic arches which formed the main entrance for the church. The Great Hall, the worship area located within the second and fourth floors was to seat 1,500 churchgoers. A grand pipe organ from Skinner Organ Company was installed with four manuals controlling 3,881 pipes, a stained glass window was placed 80 feet above the sanctuary, representing Faith and Hope in three tall, narrow panels.
Two assembly halls could be combined to hold 1,100 attendees for theatrical or athletic events, some 500 guest rooms and 32 tower apartments were intended to bring a steady flow of visitors and a source of profit to the church. Though never the tallest building in San Francisco, it was to be the tallest hotel on the Pacific Coast for many decades, in a dispute, the architectural firm of Miller and Pflueger was fired from the project, and was replaced by Lewis P. Hobart. Miller and Pflueger sued for $81,600, alleging that Hobarts design was changed from Pfluegers original. Three months after the hotel and church opened in January 1930, dedication of the churchs pipe organ took place August 31,1930. The combined congregation was very satisfied with their new place of worship, eventually costing US$2.8 million, the buildings completion required several rounds of new financing from its investors in order to overcome unanticipated expenses. Unfortunately for the congregation, the idea of a hotel above a church didnt attract the number of guests
Villa Riviera is a registered historic building on Ocean Boulevard in the Alamitos Beach neighborhood of Long Beach, United States. From the time of its completion in 1929 through the mid-1950s, it was the second-tallest building, the 16-story French Gothic building has been called the citys most elegant landmark and a building that has helped define the city. Built from 1927 to 1929 at a cost of $2.75 million, the structure is topped with a steeply pitched verdigris copper roof. The building was designed by architect Richard King who won a prize at an international contest for the design that he referred to as Tudor Gothic. The structure features fierce-looking gargoyles perched along the ridges of the higher floors, the building was equipped with luxurious features, including a ballroom, Italianate roof garden, high-speed elevators, vacuum-type heating, and a 100-car garage. The Villa Riviera was originally built as a residential cooperative. The 1928 promotional brochure for the noted, In its exterior design.
When the Villa Riviera was completed, the 447-foot high structure was the second tallest in the only by Los Angeles City Hall. Until the 1950s, it remained the second-tallest building in Southern California, shortly after the Villa Riviera opened, the Great Depression hit, and the demand for luxury cooperative apartments declined. Also, the first tenants reportedly didnt see eye-to-eye and the building subsequently was sold, in 1933, the high-rise Villa Riviera was shaken violently in the Long Beach earthquake but did not sustain structural damage. Admiral Richard H. George Kingreet, assistant manager of the Villa Riviera, the elevator stopped and everybody rushed down the stairs and out into the street. The bellboy stuck right on the job and went through the rooms, in 1937, silent film star Norma Talmadge and her ex-husband Joseph Schenk, president of 20th Century Fox, bought the building for $1.5 million. The Los Angeles Times reported that the deal was one of the largest realty transactions in Southern California in several years, Talmadge lived in the penthouse for a time.
During World War II, several U. S. Navy officers lived at the Villa Riviera, the turret-like tower atop the building was used by the Navy to spot enemy ships off the Southern California coast. In the 1940s and early 1950s, the Villa Riviera was known as the Home of Admirals due to its being the home of many of the officers of the U. S. Navys Pacific Fleet. In 1955, the building was purchased by the Morris Hotel chain for $1.75 million, within months, the new owner converted the building to its original use as a residential own-your-own cooperative building. Despite the conversion, the owners kept the hotels lounge, beauty salon, coffee shop, dining room. The first Miss Universe Pageant was held at the Villa Riviera in 1952, marine Corps and Navy officers acted as escorts, one for each contestant
Wyntoon is the name of a private estate in rural Siskiyou County, owned by the Hearst Corporation. Architects Willis Polk, Bernard Maybeck and Julia Morgan all designed structures for Wyntoon, the land, sited at two sharp bends in the McCloud River, was named by financial adviser Edward Clark for the local Native American tribe of the Wintun people. Prominent structures, noted for their architecture, have built on the land, some lost to fire, while other multimillion-dollar buildings were planned. Famous visitors to Wyntoon include Clark Gable, Charles Lindbergh, Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. the earliest known inhabitants of the area of Wyntoon were the Winnemem Wintu tribe of Native Americans, a subgroup of the Wintun people. In the 1880s, guide and trapper Justin Hinckley Sisson came to the area and established a hotel, restaurant and he advocated for a railroad line to be extended northward from Redding to his location, and was successful. Construction of the Central Pacific Railroad through the Siskiyou Trail began in the mid-1880s, the railroad was completed in 1887 and brought miners, fishermen, loggers and tourists.
With his wife, the former Miss Lydia Field, Sisson operated the inn, with profits from his successful business, Sisson acquired large parcels of land including the tract which would become Wyntoon. He established the town of Sisson surrounding his inn, and he built a fishing resort a half-days ride away on the McCloud River, popular with hunters and fishermen, it became known as Sissons-on-the-McCloud. In 1924 the town of Sisson was renamed Mount Shasta, California, in 1899, Sissons widow sold the McCloud River fishing resort site to Charles Stetson Wheeler, a wealthy attorney from San Francisco. This parcel lay in the Cascade Range of mountains, south by southeast of Mount Shasta, Wheeler called this holding the Wheeler Ranch, and he built a hunting lodge on the river at Horseshoe Bend—its cornerstone was laid in 1899. Wheeler directed Polk to give the lodge a fish tower—a high study with a view, a Latin inscription over the entrance indicated this room was a temple to fishing, piscatoribus sacrum.
Polks design was pictured in July 1899 in The American Architect, sir Banister Fletcher included the building in a list of Shingle Style architecture. The dining room enjoyed a view of the river. The porch opened to the river in a flight of steps leading down to an octagonal gazebo pierced and supported by a large tree. Massive fireplaces and heavy timbers gave the impression of a medieval estate interior, Polks use of stone and wood on the exterior achieved a sense of compatibility with the land, celebrating the settings primal beauty. The Wheeler family stayed at the many a summer. In 1900, Wheeler invited his client Phoebe Hearst to visit Wheeler Ranch with his family for the summer, Hearst asked if she could purchase the land, but Wheeler declined. Hearst applied the name Wyntoon to the combination of Clarks former holdings and her new lease, Wheeler was displeased with the extravagant plans, as he and Hearst had previously agreed her building would be modest
Located in Oakland, the Cathedral Building, originally named the Federal Realty Building, was the first Gothic Revival style skyscraper west of the Mississippi River. It is called the Wedding Cake for its appearance, which resembles New Yorks Flatiron Building and its narrow, triangular form is a result of its location on Latham Square, where Telegraph Avenue branches off diagonally from Broadway. It was built by architect Benjamin Geer McDougall, who designed the steel framed building, the building has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was developed by Brog Properties, a Downtown Oakland development firm who renovated the building for mixed residential and commercial units, the historic building houses prominent architectural and engineering firms JRDV Architects and TJC and Associates, Inc. as well as Carrington Orthodontic Center. In June 2015, the United Nations Foundation commissioned Bay Area street artist Zio Ziegler to create a mural on the Cathedral Buildings north-facing wall, the mural commemorates the signing of the United Nations Charter in San Francisco, California on June 26,1945
Woodbridge Masonic Lodge No. 131
The Woodbridge Masonic Lodge No.131 is a Masonic Lodge in Woodbridge and the name of its historic building. The building was designed by architect Charles Beasley and was built in 1882 to serve as a hall for Woodbridge Lodge. The lodge still meets in the building, the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989. The building was described in its NRHP nomination as a example of the nineteenth century Gothic Revival style. expressed in a very controlled
Knights Ferry, California
Knights Ferry is an unincorporated historic community in Stanislaus County, United States. Nestled in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada, it is about 40 miles east of Modesto on the Stanislaus River, the Willms Ranch, a California Landmark near the town, was one of many filming locations for the television series Bonanza and Little House on the Prairie. It is home to the Knights Ferry Bridge, the longest covered bridge west of the Mississippi at 330 feet in length, today, it is home to a top-rated K-8 Elementary School, and a museum about the history of the town and about local wildlife. The towns ruins include a mill and a jail, when gold was discovered in California in 1849, Dr. William Knight rediscovered a place which he and John C. Fremont had previously found to be a river crossing. Soon, the ferry boat prospered and Knight and Captain Vantine built a hotel, on November 9,1849, Knight was killed by a gunfight on the towns main street, he was buried in an unmarked grave. Knights family believed Dr.
Knight was stabbed to death in his bed and was buried near the gate in the yard of John Dents house, the Dents immediately took possession of Bill Knights property at Knights Ferry following the murder. Knights Ferry was the county seat in 1862, as it replaced La Grange and it was soon succeeded by the new, prosperous railroad boomtown of Modesto in 1871. After Knights death, Vantine operated the ferry alone until he formed another collaboration with John, in 1852, Vantine sold his properties in the area to the Dents and moved elsewhere. A new townsite under the name of Dentville was laid out by John Dent, the inhabitants continued to call the town Knights Ferry and Knights Crossing. In 1852, a bridge replaced the ferry. It was destroyed by the Great Flood of 1862, the new covered bridge was built at a higher level than the previous one, and it still stands today. The bridge was used for car traffic until it was closed to prevent damage in 1985, the following is a list of historic contributions that make up the Knights Ferry Historic District.
Abraham Schell House Built in 1856, it was built of sandstone for Abraham Schell, owner of the Rancho del Río Estanislao. Lewis Dent House Built in 1851, it was owned by Lewis Dent, the brother-in-law of President Ulysses S. Grant, who visited Knights Ferry in 1852 and it is the oldest home in the community. Knights Ferry Community Church Built in 1890 to replace the structure constructed in 1860. The church still gives services by Pastor Bob Sadler, general Store Californias oldest operating general store was built in 1852 by Moulton and Drew as the second structure in the town. It was bought by George Valpey, who became a Wells Fargo agent in 1867, millers Hall Constructed in 1863 the building operated as a restaurant and poker parlor on the ground floor, and a dance hall upstairs
Memorial Branch is a branch library of the Los Angeles Public Library. It was built in 1930 based on a Gothic Revival design by architect John C, noted as the lead architect of the Griffith Observatory and the Hollywood Masonic Temple. The library includes a large work of stained glass created by the artists at Judson Studios. In 1987, the Memorial Branch and several branch libraries in Los Angeles were added to the National Register of Historic Places as part of a thematic group submission. The application noted that the libraries had been constructed in a variety of period revival styles to house the initial branch library system of the City of Los Angeles. In the movie, Bedtime Stories, starring Adam Sandler, this serves as the childrens elementary school. The Library underwent a restoration in the mid-1990s, reopening in 1996. The library relocated to office space near John Burroughs Middle School in the interim
The Shakespeare Bridge in the Franklin Hills section of Los Angeles, was built in 1926. It is made of concrete and decorated in a Gothic style and it was named after famous playwright William Shakespeare and designated a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument #126 in 1974. The bridge was rebuilt in 1998 after the Northridge earthquake due to concerns that the structure would not be stable in the event of an earthquake in the Franklin Hills area. As part of the retrofit, the deck, sidewalks. The expansion joints were removed, so the bridge deck is now a one-piece structural diaphragm built to transfer all seismic forces into the abutment walls at either end of the bridge. All of the rebuilding was done in an effort to preserve the appearance of the bridge. Historic Bridges of Los Angeles County Beau Bridges on Shakespeare Bridge
Textile Center Building
Textile Center Building is a 12-story Gothic Revival and Italian Renaissance Revival architectural styled brick building located in the Los Angeles Fashion District. Designed by William Douglas Lee in the Gothic Revival style, the building opened in 1926 as a center for garment manufacturing and it has since been converted to condominiums. The Textile Center Building was developed by Florence C, Casler, a pioneering woman real estate developer and contractor. When the building was completed, Casler maintained her there during the height of her career. And catering exclusively to the garment manufacturers of the city. As part of the opening, a fashion show was conducted featuring wearing apparel manufactured in Los Angeles. A $400,000 bond offering in May 1927 noted that the Textile Center Building had a floor area of 88,704 square feet and was completed in January 2006 at a cost of $626,240.68. It stated that the building was 100% rented to 56 tenants with gross income of $92,584 against expenses of $22,394.61.
The building was sold in 1945 for $450,000, in 2005, the building was converted into loft-style condominiums. Demolition of the interior began in January 2005 to make way 64 condominiums and 5,000 square feet of retail space. The project was part of MJW Investments $130 million conversion of nine former garment buildings into live/work lofts, in 2006, the Los Angeles Business Journal reported that the building was being filled with modern loft dwellers seeking an urban lifestyle. The Textile Center Building has been recognized as a building at both the local and national levels. In April 2002, it was designated a Historic Cultural Monument by the Los Angeles Cultural Heritage Commission, and in 2005 it was listed in the National Register of Historic Places. List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles Florence Casler Textile Center Building website