Category:Gothic Revival architecture in Ottawa
Pages in category "Gothic Revival architecture in Ottawa"
The following 29 pages are in this category, out of 29 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 29 pages are in this category, out of 29 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Canadian Museum of Nature – The Canadian Museum of Nature is Canadas national natural history and natural sciences museum in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Its four main collections, which were started by the Geological Survey of Canada in 1856 and now include ca.14.6 million specimens, include Botany, Mineralogy, Palaeontology and Zoology. The exhibits and main programmes are housed in the Victoria Memorial Museum Building in Ottawa, nearly 85% of the specimens displayed in the gallery are genuine fossils. The Canadian Museum of Nature is one of only a handful of museums in North America to display mostly original fossil material, vale Earth Gallery - minerals and rocks, and how geological forces have shaped our planet. Mammal Gallery - Canadas wild animals, including mounts of grizzly bears, polar bears, bison, moose, caribou, pronghorns and cougars. RBC Blue Water Gallery - a blue whale skeleton, exhibits about life found in marine and fresh water environments, bird Gallery - nearly 500 mounts of 450 species of Canadian birds, multimedia experiences and interactive displays. Nature Live - live insects, arachnids and slugs, stone Wall Gallery - changing displays of art and photography about natural science. Landscapes of Canada Gardens - an outdoor exhibit with zones representing three different ecosystems of Canada, Arctic tundra, boreal forest and prairie grasslands. The Canada Goose Arctic Gallery -- a new permanent gallery -- will open in June,2017, the goal of this gallery is to enhance and transform people’s understanding of the Arctic and its importance to Canada in the 21st century. Collections-based scientific research has been a component of the museum since its inception. Today, research at the museum is focused in two centres of expertise, the Centre for Species Discovery and Change and the Centre for Arctic Knowledge. Each of the four main collections have several subcollections, Botany Geological Collections Palaeontology Zoology From 1972-2005 the museum published the scientific journal Syllogeus. The Natural Heritage Campus in Gatineau, Quebec, opened in 1997 and it is the 76 hectare site of the museums administrative operations and its extensive research and collections facility. The campus is not open to the public except for an annual Open House that showcases its 14.6 million specimens, its research labs, the library, however, does allow visitors. The Canadian Museum of Nature has its origins in the Geological Survey of Canada, nearly 150 years later, on July 1,1990, the museum became a Crown Corporation by an Act of Parliament. The Museums Act was a significant event in the history of the museum, the neighbourhood became known as Stewarton and residential development started in the area during the 1870s. The construction of the building involved the importing of 300 skilled stonemasons from Scotland, the architectural style is sometimes described as Scottish baronial. Ewart was sent to Britain to study the architecture of Hampton Court and Windsor Castle, the unstable site forced some workers to stop working, as shifting foundations in the basement shot bricks and stones out from the walls, hitting some construction workers
2. East Block – The East Block is one of the three buildings on Canadas Parliament Hill, in Ottawa, Ontario, containing offices for parliamentarians, as well as some preserved pre-Confederation spaces. Though not as renowned as the Centre Block of parliament, the East Block formerly appeared on the face of the Journey Series design of the Canadian hundred-dollar bill, the East Block is open to the public for tours in July and August. This detail continues on the interior of the East Block, where emblems, corridors and entranceways are also lit by windows filled with stained glass, and contemporary adaptations of the original gas fixtures adorn the walls. Beneath the decor stand 0.6 m wide, double-wythe masonry partitions with a rubble fill core, the main historic spaces in the East Block are restored to reflect the period around 1872. The office that had been occupied by Sir John A. Macdonald contains a blue-grey Arnprior marble mantle, after the entries were narrowed down to three, then Governor General Sir Edmund Walker Head was approached to break the stalemate, and the winner was announced on 29 August. Construction on the East Block commenced by the end of 1859, at the time as work on the Centre Block and Stent. By the time it was completed in 1866, the building was four years behind schedule and costs had risen to $706,549, george-Étienne Cartier used an office at the northern end of the west wing, which was thereafter used by every prime minister until Pierre Trudeau. As well, governors general held their annual New Years Levee in the building from 1870 until the Marquess of Willingdon moved the event to the Centre Block in 1928. Plans for the restoration of the Parliamentary precinct originally called for the relocation of the Senate chamber to the inner courtyard of the East Block. However, the plan will see the Senate chamber housed in the former Union Station, currently the Government Conference Centre. Explore the Hill - East Block (Parliament of Canada]
3. Knox Presbyterian Church (Ottawa) – Knox Presbyterian Church is a Presbyterian Church in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. It is named after John Knox, a founder of Presbyterianism in Scotland, the supporters of the Free Church in Ottawa and environs, set up Knox Free Church in 1844, just after the Church of Scotlands Canadian Synod in Kingston was split. Designed by Donald Kennedy in 1845, the original Knox Church was located in Sandy Hill at the corner of Daly Avenue and Cumberland. In 1866, a number of members formed a congregation on Bank Street, in 1874, the Knox congregation moved downtown, leaving their building to the first St. Pauls Presbyterian, that became St. Pauls-Eastern United Church after church union in 1925. This second Knox Church was built on Elgin Street at Albert Street next door to the Second City Hall on what is today the site of the National Arts Centre and it was designed by Henry Langley 1872-74. The Regimental and King’s Colours of the 207th Battalion were laid up at Knox in 1919. They now rest in the sanctuary of the present church in a case with a plaque dedicated to the memory of those who served in the 207th Battalion. The Regimental Colours had been donated by the American Bank Note Company, M. P. to the Battalion on Parliament Hill on November 18,1916. The second church was demolished in 1932, the Drawings Collection at the Ontario Archives contains the set of plans by Langley for this ecclesiastical commission 889-98. The present Knox Church building, designed in 1931 by John Albert Ewart, in 2008, Knox again hosted the opening Worship at General Assembly, while the remainder of the activities took place at Carleton University. Knox has had an impressive list of ministers, Thomas Wardrope,1845 -1869, william MacLaren,1870 -1873 left to be Professor and Principal (1905 -1909 of Knox College. Moderator Presbyterian Church in Canada 1884, Francis W. Farries,1875 -1893, james Ballantyne,1894 -1896, left to become a Professor at Knox College, Moderator Presbyterian Church in Canada in 1920, David M. Ramsay 1897 -1913. E. Lloyd Morrow 1923 -1926 left to become a Professor at Knox College Robert Johnston 1927 -1947, H. Douglas Stewart,1956 -1972, left to become minister at St. Andrews Church. Raised in Southern Ontario and educated at Redeemer University College and Calvin Theological Seminary he was ordained in 1992 in the Christian Reformed Church, knoxs Web Site The Presbyterian Church in Canada Bibliography
4. Lisgar Collegiate Institute – Lisgar Collegiate Institute is an Ottawa-Carleton District School Board secondary school in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Lisgar Collegiate Institute, one of the countrys best regarded public schools, is located in downtown Ottawa by the Rideau Canal and is only a few blocks from Canadas Parliament Hill. In previous years, parents and students have camped out overnight to secure a transfer spot to Lisgar. Lisgar is known for its gifted student program, and was ranked number one for schools in Ottawa. Its Reach for the Top team won the Canadian national finals in the 2008 and 2015 seasons, Lisgar is also home to the OCESS, a student-run Space Simulation program. In 1843, a school with 40 paying students was opened in the Sandy Hill area of Ottawa in a house at the corner of Waller Street. In 1859, the school one of the first in Ontario to admit girls. The school changed locations several times in the first few years, in 1871 the school was raised to a high school and in 1873 to a collegiate institute, becoming Ottawa Collegiate Institute. The school found a permanent home in 1873 when a lot at what was then the edge of the city was purchased. The school board acquired the land on Biddy Street for $3,200, Biddy Street was renamed Lisgar Street in 1880 after Lord Lisgar, an Irishman who served as Canadas second Governor-General. A Gothic Revival style structure, designed by W. T. Thomas, governor General Lord Dufferin laid the cornerstone and the school opened in 1874. In 1892, the became the first public secondary school in Ontario to hire a female teacher. Four new classrooms were added on the side in 1892. Lisgar was one of a number of buildings to survive the Great Ottawa fire. In 1903, the east wing was built eight new classrooms. Ottawa architect Edgar Lewis Horwood added a west wing with laboratories, a rifle range for the cadet corps, in the now blocked-off fifth-floor attic, was added in 1912, and a basement cafeteria in 1923. After the school was split in 1922 to form Glebe Collegiate Institute, OCI was renamed Ottawa Lisgar Street Collegiate Institute, officially, the school remained OCI for several decades. Since the split, Glebe and Lisgar have been traditional rivals, in 1951, a new gymnasium was built across the street with a tunnel connecting it to the main building
5. Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica (Ottawa) – The Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica is a Roman Catholic minor basilica in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada located on 385 Sussex Drive in the Lower Town neighbourhood. It was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1990, the site was originally home to the small wooden St. Jacques Church built in 1832. This structure was destroyed in 1841 to make way for a church, designed by local builder Antoine Robillard. However, in 1844, after the section was completed. Father Telmon decided to redesign the church into a Neo-Gothic structure and this resulted in the lower features, such as the main entrance, being Neo-Classical, while the upper portions of the structure are Neo-Gothic. The main structure was completed in 1846, in 1847, the church was designated the cathedral of Bytown and Joseph-Bruno Guigues was appointed the first bishop. He is honoured with a statue at the southwest corner of the cathedral grounds. In 1859, Father Damase Dandurand, OMI, designed the two Gothic spires which were added to the west front in 1866, earlier, in 1849-50, he designed the Archbishops Palace and in 1862-63, added the choir loft. In 1879, Pope Leo XIII designated the cathedral as a minor basilica, the steeples are covered with tin, which is typical for French-Canadian churches, and house a peal of bells. The exterior is fairly reserved, but the interior is as far more ornate, the interior of the church is brightly painted and decorated with carved features, exquisite stained glass windows and hundreds of statues of various religious figures. Louis-Philippe Hébert completed thirty large wooden sculptures in the choir, at the end of the choir, the Holy Family is completed with saints John the Baptist and Patrick, the patron saints of French and Irish Catholics. James R. Bowes, architect, designed new galleries and other improvements in 1875, the Basilica is the oldest and largest church in Ottawa and the seat of the citys Roman Catholic archbishop. Its twin spires and gilded Madonna are easily identifiable from nearby Parliament Hill, the church was last renovated and restored in the late 1990s. Services are held in both French and English, governor General Georges Vanier and Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier both were given state funerals at the Cathedral. 1841-1843 - This Gothic revival structure is the oldest surviving church in Ottawa and its twin steeples were erected in 1842. In 1848 it was named the Cathedral of the Diocese of Ottawa and its chief glory is its carved and painted interior. On Dec 181999 the most reverend Marcel A Gervais, Archbishop of Ottawa officially reopened Notre Dame Cathedral, the Cathedral had been closed for renovations since the beginning of 1999 and work continued into the year 2000. This historic restoration was possible through the generous gifts of anonymous donors, the Canada Millenium partnership program, the Ontario Government
6. Parliament Hill – Parliament Hill, colloquially known as The Hill, is an area of Crown land on the southern banks of the Ottawa River in downtown Ottawa, Ontario. Its Gothic revival suite of buildings is the home of the Parliament of Canada and has elements of national symbolic importance. Parliament Hill attracts approximately 3 million visitors each year, law enforcement on parliament hill and in the parliamentary precinct is the responsibility of the Parliamentary Protective Service. Since 2002, an extensive $1 billion renovation and rehabilitation project has been underway throughout all of the precincts buildings, Parliament Hill is a limestone outcrop with a gently sloping top that was originally covered in primeval forest of beech and hemlock. After Ottawa—then called Bytown—was founded, the builders of the Rideau Canal used the hill as a location for a military base, a large fortress was planned for the site, but was never built, and by the mid 19th century the hill had lost its strategic importance. On 7 May, the Department of Public Works issued a call for proposals for the new parliament buildings to be erected on Barrack Hill. After the entries were narrowed down to three, Governor General Sir Edmund Walker Head was approached to break the stalemate, and the winners were announced on 29 August 1859. The team of Thomas Stent and Augustus Laver, under the pseudonym of Stat nomen in umbra, won the prize for the second category, $300,000 was allocated for the main building, and $120,000 for each of the departmental buildings. Ground was broken on 20 December 1859, and the first stones laid on 16 April of the following year, the construction of Parliament Hill became the largest project undertaken in North America to that date. By early 1861, Public Works reported that $1,424,882, two years later, the unfinished site hosted a celebration of Queen Victorias birthday, further cementing the areas position as the central place for national outpouring. The site was still incomplete when three of the British North American colonies entered Confederation in 1867, with Ottawa remaining the capital of the new country, thus, the offices of parliament spread to buildings beyond Parliament Hill even at that early date. The British military gave a nine-pound naval cannon to the British army garrison stationed in Ottawa in 1854 and it was purchased by the Canadian government in 1869 and fired on Parliament Hill for many years as the Noonday Gun. By 1876, the structures of Parliament Hill were finished, along with the surrounding fence, fire destroyed the Centre Block on 3 February 1916. Eleven years later, the new tower was completed and dedicated as the Peace Tower, the Queen was back on Parliament Hill on 17 April 1982, to issue a royal proclamation of the enactment of the Constitution Act that year. In April 1989, a Greyhound Lines bus with 11 passengers on board travelling to New York City from Montreal was hijacked by an armed man, a standoff with police ensued and lasted eight hours, though three shots were fired, there were no injuries. The following year, Queen Elizabeth IIs Golden Jubilee was marked on 13 October, on 22 October 2014, several shooting incidents occurred around Parliament Hill. A gunman, after shooting a Canadian Army soldier mounting the ceremonial guard at the National War Memorial. There, he was killed in a shootout with RCMP officers, the gunman also injured one House of Commons constable, who was shot in the foot
7. St Patrick's Basilica, Ottawa – St Patricks Basilica is a Roman Catholic Church in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Located at 281 Nepean Street in Downtown Ottawa, it is the oldest church in the city serves the English-speaking community. The parish was founded in 1855, originally, it was intended to serve not only the English-speaking Catholics of Ottawa, but also those of the City of Hull across the Ottawa River in Quebec as well. These were mostly of Irish descent, thus the parish was dedicated to St. Patrick, Street, officers N. C. O. s. and Men of the 77th Overseas Battalion Canadian Expeditionary Force. Patricks Basilica parish who fell during The Great War, at the bottom of the paintings wooden frame is the list of those soldiers. The Church was elevated to Basilica status on St. Patricks Day,1995, design for the present church building started in 1869 under the direction of architect Augustus Laver. Lavers firm, Fuller and Laver, also designed the East and West blocks of Ottawas Parliament Buildings, in 1872, the cornerstone was blessed by Bishop Guigues, and was laid by Sir John A. Macdonald. King McCord Arnoldi was responsible from 1874–75 for the completion of the design prepared in 1869 by Augustus Laver. In 1875 the building, not quite complete, was blessed by Bishop Guigues successor, in 1898, Louis Zephirin Gauthier designed major alterations and a new altar for St. Patricks, Kent Street at Nepean Street. The Basilica is one of the buildings featured in the Doors Open Ottawa architectural heritage day. The building is made of stone in the Gothic Revival style and features a carved and stencilled ceiling, marble altars, stained glass windows. The base of the current Altar of Sacrifice was originally the site of the marble pulpit. This latter was installed in 1930 and relocated slightly in an interior renovation of 2003. The Altar of Reservation was built in 1902, to the right of the altar is a beautiful replica of Murillos Assumption of the Virgin Mary, hand painted by Québéc nuns in 1929. The ceiling, most of the murals, and some of the glass windows are the work of Guido Nincheri from the 1920s and 1930s. The Stations of the Cross are bas-reliefs from 1876, at the main entrance to the church are the World War I and World War II memorials listing the names of parishioners who died in those wars. In 1998 the basement of the church was excavated to form a basement containing a kitchen, meeting rooms, the Book Shop, and a Lourdes Grotto. The large area around the Lourdes Grotto is about two-thirds the size of the church used for Mass on occasions when the main church cannot be used
8. Christ Church Cathedral (Ottawa) – Christ Church Cathedral is the Anglican cathedral in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The church is located at 414 Sparks Street in the northwest section of the downtown at the western end of Sparks Street on top of a promontory looking down to the Ottawa River. From time immemorial, the Algonquin heartland has included the length of the Ottawa River. The parish of Christ Church Bytown, now Christ Church Cathedral Ottawa, was established on unceded Algonquin territory that had settled by European colonists. What follows is a summary of various highlights and milestones of the Cathedrals development in the post-settlement period, Philemon Wright, a native of Woburn, Massachusetts, came to Canada in 1800. In later years, the settlement of Wrightstown would become the village, then later the City of Hull. Following the War of 1812, the Township of March was set aside for retired military officers and it was situated further up river on the south side. In 1824, Nicholas Sparks crossed the river from then Hull, in doing so, he became the first citizen of what would later become Bytown, and much later, the City of Ottawa. Colonel John By and the Royal Engineers arrived two years later to build the Rideau Canal, connecting the Ottawa River with Lake Ontario, in 1824, the Reverend Amos Ansley, a native Canadian and the son of a United Empire Loyalist, arrived in Hull from England. Sent by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, his included the Township of March. Services were held in a schoolhouse in Hull, which proved to be very small, through the generosity of Philemon Wright, a little stone church was built, and opened on the first of October 1826. From his headquarters in Hull, Reverend Ansley served the Church population of fourteen townships bordering on the Ottawa River, by 1827, he was serving eleven preaching stations in Lower Canada and Upper Canada, visiting most places by water in bark canoes. In 1828, the Bishop of Quebec, the Right Reverend and Honourable Charles James Stewart, paid a visit to Bytown. Later that same year, the Venerable and Honourable John Strachan, archdeacon Strachan and the Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada paid a visit to the home of Colonel By, situated in what is now called Majors Hill Park. There, they discussed the problems of funding the building of the canal, later, on October 6,1828, Dr. Strachan was able to draw up a subscription list for the proposed church building. It was not until early 1832, after it was announced at a meeting in Bytown that Nicholas Sparks had donated a site for the church and he had already given land for the building of St. Andrews Presbyterian Church, as well as for the Methodist church. Though formally established in 1832, it was not until 1833 that the congregation was formally organized, the site was donated by Nicholas Sparks in 1832. The first service in Christ Church Bytown took place on July 21,1833, the Church had to be closed during the winter as two stoves were needed for sufficient heating, but only one was available
9. Confederation Building (Ottawa) – The Confederation Building is a gothic revival office building designed by Richard Cotsman Wright and Thomas W. Fuller in Ottawa, Canada. Located just west of the Parliament Buildings at Bank and Wellington Streets, originally, the land where the Confederation Building and the Supreme Court of Canada now stand contained homes and businesses. These were expropriated by the government to allow for the construction of new federal buildings, work on the Confederation Building began when the cornerstone was laid by the Governor General on July 1,1927 as part of the celebrations of Canadas Diamond Jubilee and it opened during 1931. It originally housed workers in a number of departments, with the Department of Agriculture being the largest tenant, today it is home both to civil servants and to a number of MPs and ministers. Many Conservative, Liberal and NDP MPs have their offices there along with some junior cabinet members, as part of the ongoing work on Parliament Hill there are currently discussions to fill the space between the Confederation Building and the smaller Justice Building to create more office space. This has been contested by some, however, due to a government daycare that is open to staff that is already there. Work began in 2008 to clean and refurbish the buildings masonry, Thomas W. Fuller, Chief Dominion Architect 1927-1936
10. Connaught Building – The Connaught Building is a historic office building in Ottawa, Canada, owned by Public Works and Government Services Canada. It is located at 555 MacKenzie Avenue just south of the American Embassy, to the east the building looks out on the Byward Market and to the west is MacKenzie Avenue and Majors Hill Park. Today it houses the headquarters of the Canada Revenue Agency, the Minister and Commissioner of the CRA have offices in the building. By the early 20th century, the Parliament Buildings were running out of space to house Canadas civil service, work began on the building in 1913, but the First World War and other problems intervened, greatly slowing construction. The building was completed in 1915 and first used as the Customs Examining Warehouse by the Canada Customs, the building was named after the Duke of Connaught, third son of Queen Victoria, who served as 10th Governor General of Canada from 1911–16. It had one basement level and seven levels above ground, in 1971, the building underwent extensive renovation and two additional levels were created by building floors inside the high ceilings of the basement and ground floors. The building subsequently comprised two basement levels and eight grade levels. The third floor also exits to MacKenzie Avenue at street level
11. Victoria Tower (Canada) – The Victoria Tower was the prominent main bell tower of the original Centre Block parliament building in Ottawa, Canada. The 55-metre-high tower was the piece of Parliament Hill that was constructed from 1859 to 1866 by Thomas Fuller. It was destroyed during the fire of the Centre Block on 3 February 1916. Its replacement, the Peace Tower, was built on the location but the design. The original tower bore some similarities to the tower at the Parliament Building, inside the walls of the tower was a vacant space with a series of staircases leading to the bell tower. The upper section of the tower had a spiral staircase that lead to the spire outside and inside the support. Access to the tower was from the floor of the Centre Block as the ground floor was empty space that formed the opening. The Victoria Tower Bell is the only relic remaining from the Victoria Tower and it was cast in 1875 and installed in the tower in 1877. The bell fell from the tower during the Centre Block fire of 1916, the actual tower structure survived the fire, but the upper bell tower had collapsed on February 3 and torn down during the reconstruction of the Centre Block. The bell was restored in the year 2000, and placed on the grounds of Parliament Hill as a monument to the 1916 fire and it is showcased on a circular granite base, etched as the face of a clock, that represents its role in the keeping of time. The bells inclined position recalls the angle at which it came to rest after falling during the fire of 1916, public Works and Government Services Canada
12. First United Church (Ottawa) – First United Church is a United Church of Canada congregation in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. One of Ottawas oldest congregations, the formed in 1846. In the middle of the 19th century, that church was the site of the first mixed race marriage in Canada and it was originally Congregationalist, but joined the United Church when it was formed in 1925. The first permanent home was built in 1862 at Elgin and Albert Street, the current building in Centretown was constructed in 1911. In February 1925, it merged with the former Westminster Presbyterian Church, as well, its welcome for the diversity of life has drawn many people to the church. In 2007, the sold their historic structure and moved to Westboro, joining with an Anglican Church of Canada congregation. The current Minister, the Reverend Brian Cornelius, continues the tradition of First United as one that welcomes diversity, First United has been an Affirming Congregation Affirm United of the United Church of Canada for several years