Category:Grade I listed theatres
Grade I listed theatres in England and Wales.
Pages in category "Grade I listed theatres"
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
Grade I listed theatres in England and Wales.
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Listed building – A listed building or listed structure, in the United Kingdom, is one that has been placed on the Statutory List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. The statutory bodies maintaining the list are Historic England in England, Cadw in Wales, Historic Scotland in Scotland, however, the preferred term in Ireland is protected structure. In England and Wales, an amenity society must be notified of any work to a listed building which involves any element of demolition. Owners of listed buildings are, in circumstances, compelled to repair and maintain them. When alterations are permitted, or when listed buildings are repaired or maintained, slightly different systems operate in each area of the United Kingdom, though the basic principles of the listing remain the same. It was the damage to caused by German bombing during World War II that prompted the first listing of buildings that were deemed to be of particular architectural merit. The listings were used as a means of determining whether a building should be rebuilt if it was damaged by bombing. Listing was first introduced into Northern Ireland under the Planning Order 1972, the listing process has since developed slightly differently in each part of the UK. In the UK, the process of protecting the historic environment is called ‘designation’. A heritage asset is a part of the environment that is valued because of its historic. Only some of these are judged to be important enough to have legal protection through designation. However, buildings that are not formally listed but still judged as being of heritage interest are still regarded as being a consideration in the planning process. Almost anything can be listed – it does not have to be a building, Buildings and structures of special historic interest come in a wide variety of forms and types, ranging from telephone boxes and road signs, to castles. Historic England has created twenty broad categories of structures, and published selection guides for each one to aid with assessing buildings and these include historical overviews and describe the special considerations for listing each category. Both Historic Scotland and Cadw produce guidance for owners, in England, to have a building considered for listing or delisting, the process is to apply to the secretary of state, this can be done by submitting an application form online to Historic England. The applicant does not need to be the owner of the building to apply for it to be listed, full information including application form guidance notes are on the Historic England website. Historic England assesses buildings put forward for listing or delisting and provides advice to the Secretary of State on the architectural, the Secretary of State, who may seek additional advice from others, then decides whether or not to list or delist the building. In England and Wales the authority for listing is granted to the Secretary of State by the Planning Act 1990, Listed buildings in danger of decay are listed on the Historic England Heritage at Risk Register
2. Bristol Old Vic – Bristol Old Vic is a British theatre company based at the Theatre Royal, Bristol. The present company was established in 1946 as an offshoot of the Old Vic in London and it is associated with the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School, which became a financially independent organisation in the 1990s. Bristol Old Vic runs a popular, and highly successful Young Company for young people aged 7–25, the Theatre Royal, the oldest continually-operating theatre in the English speaking world, was built during 1764–66 on King Street in Bristol. The Coopers Hall, built 1743–44, was incorporated as the theatres foyer during 1970–72, together, they are designated a Grade I listed building by Historic England. Daniel Day-Lewis called it the most beautiful theatre in England, in 2012 the theatre complex completed the first phase of a £19 million refurbishment, increasing seating capacity and providing up to ten flexible performance spaces. Besides the main Theatre Royal auditorium, the complex includes the Studio theatre, whilst the theatre was closed, the company continued to present work in the Studio and Basement spaces, as well as at other sites around Bristol. The Theatre Royal re-opened in 2012 with Wild Oats, the theatre is situated on King Street, a few yards from the Floating Harbour. Since 1972, the entrance has been through the Coopers Hall. The Coopers Hall was built in 1744 for the Coopers Company and it has a debased Palladian façade with four Corinthian columns. It only remained in the hands of the Coopers until 1785, subsequently becoming an assembly room, a wine warehouse. The theatre was built between 1764 and 1766, the design of the auditorium has traditionally been taken to have been based, with some variations, on that of the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane in London. Although Bristol architect Thomas Paty supervised construction, the theatre was built to designs by James Saunders, Saunders had provided drawings for the theatre in Richmond, Surrey, built in 1765. The site chosen was Rackhay Yard, a roughly rectangular empty site behind a row of medieval houses, Two new passageways built through the ground floor of the houses fronting King Street gave access to Rackhay Yard and the New Theatre inside it. The theatre opened on 30 May 1766 with a performance including a prologue and epilogue given by David Garrick. This ruse was soon abandoned, but a production in the neighbouring Coopers Hall in 1773 did fall foul of this law. Legal concerns were alleviated when the Royal Letters Patent were eventually granted in 1778, the auditorium was rebuilt with a new sloping ceiling and gallery in 1800. After the break with Bath in 1819 the theatre was managed by William MCready the elder, with little success, a new, narrow entrance was constructed through an adjacent building in 1903. Chute relinquished his lease on the Theatre Royal in 1861, concentrating his business at the Princes Theatre, in 1942 the lease owners put the building up for sale
3. Georgian Theatre Royal – The Georgian Theatre Royal is a theatre and historic Georgian playhouse in the market town of Richmond, North Yorkshire, England. It is among the oldest of Britains extant theatres, regular performances at the theatre continued until 1830, when performances became less frequent and in 1848 it was let as an auction house. It is now restored and seats 214. The building is Grade I listed, and has hosted Georgian star Edmund Kean, and other figures such as Dame Sybil Thorndike, Joyce Grenfell and Alan Bennett. The venue also houses a 180-member youth theatre, the Theatre Royal possesses the oldest known set of theatrical scenery in existence. Known as The Woodland Scene, it was painted in a workshop in Royston, Hertfordshire, Dame Judi Dench is the theatres president and Hamish Ogston and Sir Thomas Allen are vice-presidents. On 1 May 2013 it launched a campaign to save it from closure. It was seeking to raise an initial £122,500, Theatre website The Georgian Theatre Royal, Laughingaudience. co. uk
4. Tyne Theatre and Opera House – The Tyne Theatre and Opera House is a theatre in Newcastle upon Tyne, England. It is a Grade I listed building and it opened in 1867 as the Tyne Theatre and Opera House, designed by the Newcastle upon Tyne architecture practice of William Parnell. In 1919 it became a cinema, the Stoll Picture House, the cinema closed in March 1974 and the building was closed for 3 years, reopening as a theatre in July 1977. It was seriously damaged by fire in 1985, with subsequent rebuilding restoring the Victorian stage machinery, from 2012 to 2014 it was called the Mill Volvo Tyne Theatre, operated by SMG Europe, and sponsored by Volvo. It was sponsored by The Journal newspaper during the 2000s, until January 2012
5. Royal Opera House – The Royal Opera House is an opera house and major performing arts venue in Covent Garden, central London. The large building is referred to as simply Covent Garden. It is the home of The Royal Opera, The Royal Ballet, originally called the Theatre Royal, it served primarily as a playhouse for the first hundred years of its history. In 1734, the first ballet was presented, a year later, Handels first season of operas began. Many of his operas and oratorios were written for Covent Garden and had their premieres there. The current building is the theatre on the site following disastrous fires in 1808 and 1856. The façade, foyer, and auditorium date from 1858, the main auditorium seats 2,256 people, making it the third largest in London, and consists of four tiers of boxes and balconies and the amphitheatre gallery. The proscenium is 12.20 m wide and 14.80 m high, the main auditorium is a Grade I listed building. The letters patent remained in the possession of the patentees heirs until the 19th century, in 1728, John Rich, actor-manager of the Dukes Company at Lincolns Inn Fields Theatre, commissioned The Beggars Opera from John Gay. In addition, a Royal Charter had created a fruit and vegetable market in the area, at its opening on 7 December 1732, Rich was carried by his actors in processional triumph into the theatre for its opening production of William Congreves The Way of the World. Despite the frequent interchangeability between the Covent Garden and Drury Lane companies, competition was intense, often presenting the plays at the same time. Rich introduced pantomime to the repertoire, himself performing and a tradition of seasonal pantomime continued at the modern theatre, in 1734, Covent Garden presented its first ballet, Pygmalion. Marie Sallé discarded tradition and her corset and danced in diaphanous robes, george Frideric Handel was named musical director of the company, at Lincolns Inn Fields, in 1719, but his first season of opera, at Covent Garden, was not presented until 1734. His first opera was Il pastor fido followed by Ariodante, the première of Alcina, there was a royal performance of Messiah in 1743, which was a success and began a tradition of Lenten oratorio performances. From 1735 until his death in 1759 he gave regular seasons there and he bequeathed his organ to John Rich, and it was placed in a prominent position on the stage, but was among many valuable items lost in a fire that destroyed the theatre on 20 September 1808. In 1792 the architect Henry Holland rebuilt the auditorium, within the shell of the building but deeper and wider than the old auditorium. Rebuilding began in December 1808, and the second Theatre Royal, the Old Price Riots lasted over two months, and the management was finally forced to accede to the audiences demands. During this time, entertainments were varied, opera and ballet were presented, kemble engaged a variety of acts, including the child performer Master Betty, the great clown Joseph Grimaldi made his name at Covent Garden
6. Sheldonian Theatre – The Sheldonian Theatre, located in Oxford, England, was built from 1664 to 1669 after a design by Christopher Wren for the University of Oxford. The building is named after Gilbert Sheldon, chancellor of the University at the time and it is used for music concerts, lectures and University ceremonies, but not for drama until 2015 when the Christ Church Dramatic Society staged a production of The Crucible. What came to be known as the Sheldonian Theatre was Wrens second work and was commissioned by Gilbert Sheldon, in the past these increasingly rowdy occasions had taken place in the universitys church of St. Mary-the-Virgin-on-High. Sheldon was forthcoming with all three and he initially gave an impressive £1,000 and pledged to gather the needed money from like-minded sponsors. He had little luck, however, and ultimately financed nearly the entire £14,470 himself, Wrens initial designs for the Sheldonian probably included a proscenium stage that did not survive his revisions. The building that was constructed was a sharp, unmistakable break from the Gothic past, according to Wrens son, Wren designed the Sheldonian based on Serlios sixteenth-century engraving of the D-shaped Theatre of Marcellus erected in Rome in the first century BC. Like any Mediterranean theatre of that time, the Theatre of Marcellus had no roof, but 17th century Oxford was not ancient Rome, and the Theatre needed a permanent roof. The span of the D-shaped roof was over 70 feet, however, no timbers existed that were long enough to cross that distance, and Wren dismissed the obvious solution of a Gothic roof. Instead, he decided to use the flat floor grid developed twenty years before by Oxford professor John Wallis. Creating a series of trusses which were built up from shorter section and held in place by their own weight, with help from judiciously placed iron bolts, O effective that for nearly a century the University Press stored its books. And for many years it was the largest unsupported floor in existence, in 1720, surveyors inspecting the roof, following a rumour that it was no longer safe, were both surprised and impressed at what they discovered. Though sagging slightly from the weight of books, the inspectors pronounced that. The whole Fabrick of the said Theatre is, in our Opinion, like to remain and continue in such Repair and Condition, in November 2008 a four-year project to restore the ceiling fresco was completed. The thirty-two oil on canvas panels painted by King Charles II’s court painter. As part of the process, the panels had their linings replaced, holes in the canvas mended. The allegorical story depicted in the paintings shows Truth descending upon the Arts and Sciences, the building has a prominent eight-sided cupola in the centre of the roof, which is accessible via a staircase leading to the dome over the main ceiling. The cupola has large windows on all sides, providing views across central Oxford, the Theatre is used for music recitals, lectures, conferences, and for various ceremonies held by the University. Handel conducted the first performance of his third oratorio Athalia here in 1733, today, the theatre is home to regular performances by local groups, including the Oxford Philomusica and Stornoway
7. Theatre Royal Haymarket – The Theatre Royal Haymarket is a West End theatre in the Haymarket in the City of Westminster which dates back to 1720, making it the third-oldest London playhouse still in use. Samuel Foote acquired the lease in 1747, and in 1766 he gained a patent to play legitimate drama in the summer months. The original building was a further north in the same street. It has been at its current location since 1821, when it was redesigned by John Nash and it is a Grade I listed building, with a seating capacity of 888. The freehold of the theatre is owned by the Crown Estate, the Haymarket has been the site of a significant innovation in theatre. In 1873, it was the venue for the first scheduled matinée performance, famous actors who débuted at the theatre included Robert William Elliston and John Liston. It was the public theatre opened in the West End. The theatre cost £1000 to build, with a further £500 expended on decorations, scenery and costumes. It opened on 29 December 1720, with a French play La Fille a la Morte, potters speculation was known as The New French Theatre. In 1730, the theatre was taken over by an English company, among the actors who appeared there before 1737 when the theatre was closed under the Licensing Act 1737 were Aaron Hill, Theophilus Cibber, and Henry Fielding. In the eight to ten years before the Act was passed, the Haymarket was an alternative to John Richs Theatre Royal, Covent Garden and the opera-dominated Drury Lane Theatre. Fielding himself was responsible for the instigation of the Act, having produced a play called The Historical Register that parodied prime minister Robert Walpole, as the caricature, in particular, it was an alternative to the pantomime and special-effects dominated stages, and it presented opposition satire. Henry Fielding staged his plays at the Haymarket, and so did Henry Carey, hurlothrumbo was just one of his plays in that series of anti-Walpolean satires, followed by Tom Thumb. Another, in 1734, was his mock-opera, The Dragon of Wantley and this work punctured the vacuous operatic conventions and pointed a satirical barb at Walpole and his taxation policies. The piece was a success, with a record-setting run of 69 performances in its first season. The burlesque itself is very brief on the page, as it relied extensively on absurd theatrics, dances, the Musical Entertainer from 1739 contains engravings showing how the staging was performed. Carey continued with Pasquin and others, the Theatrical Licensing Act, however, put an end to the anti-ministry satires, and it all but entirely shut down the theatre. In 1749 a hoaxer billed as The Bottle Conjuror was advertised to appear at the theatre, the conjurors publicity claimed that, while on stage, he would place his body inside an empty wine bottle, in full view of the audience
8. Theatre Royal, Bury St Edmunds – The Theatre Royal is a restored Regency theatre in Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England. The building is one of eight Grade I listed theatres in the United Kingdom, the theatre presents a diverse programme of drama, music and stand up. It regularly produces its own work which tours nationally, most recently Torben Betts Invincible in the summer of 2016, in early 2017 the Theatre Royal will produce an adaptation of Jane Austens Northanger Abbey, which will tour nationally. The Theatre Royal was opened by its proprietor and architect William Wilkins on 11 October 1819, and was one of the most elegant, sophisticated and up-to-date playhouses of its age. The fact that it has survived, without significant alteration, into our time is a miracle, Wilkins was an architect of national repute, responsible for, amongst other buildings, the National Gallery in London and Downing College, Cambridge. As the proprietor of the Norwich circuit, he employed a company of players to undertake an annual tour of six theatres, Yarmouth, Ipswich, Cambridge, Bury St Edmunds, Colchester. Each was open for just one or two seasons during the year. The Bury theatre opened for the Great Fair in early October to mid-November and was available for special events at other times of the year. The Norwich comedians were disbanded in 1843 and at Bury there followed more than half a century of economic difficulty and this was alleviated briefly in 1892 when the world premiere of Charleys Aunt was staged at the theatre. The theatre closed in 1903 but it reopened in 1906 when alterations to the building were made by the architect Bertie Crewe, greene King, the local brewery, purchased the freehold, which it still owns, in 1920. However, in 1925, in the face of overwhelming competition from two new cinemas, the theatre closed once more, greene King had struggled to keep the theatre in operation but was now content to use the building as a barrel store. So it remained until the 1960s when a group of people led by Air Vice Marshal Stanley Vincent raised over £37,000 to restore. The building was vested in the National Trust in 1975 on a 999-year lease, the Theatre Royal is now managed as an independent working theatre by the Bury St Edmunds Theatre Management Limited. In September 2005 the Theatre was closed to begin a £5. 3million restoration project to restore the building to its original 1819 configuration, previous restorations to the building had removed the original Georgian entrances to the pit as well as its distinctive Georgian forestage. The boxes had also removed from the dress circle and the seating layout changed throughout the building. In addition to the restoration of the building the theatres artistic team researched and re-discovered many of the lost texts, under the banner of Restoring the Repertoire the Theatre Royal produced some of plays of the Georgian period in the restored Theatre. On 11 September 2007 the theatre re-opened with a production of the 1829 nautical melodrama, Black-Eyed Susan, written by Douglas Jerrold. In addition to the restoration of the building a new modern foyer was constructed to the side of the Theatre to provide a restaurant, additional bar
9. Theatre Royal, Drury Lane – The Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, commonly known as Drury Lane, a West End theatre, is a Grade I listed building in Covent Garden, London. The building faces Catherine Street and backs onto Drury Lane, the building is the most recent in a line of four theatres which were built at the same location, the earliest of which dated back to 1663, making it the oldest theatre site in London still in use. According to the author Peter Thomson, for its first two centuries, Drury Lane could reasonably have claimed to be Londons leading theatre. For most of time, it was one of a handful of patent theatres. The first theatre on the site was built at the behest of Thomas Killigrew in the early 1660s, when theatres were allowed to reopen during the English Restoration. Initially known as Theatre Royal in Bridges Street, the proprietors hired a number of prominent actors who performed at the theatre on a regular basis, including Nell Gwyn. In 1672 the theatre caught fire and Killigrew built a theatre on the same plot, renamed the Theatre Royal in Drury Lane. This building lasted nearly 120 years, under the leaderships of Colley Cibber, David Garrick and Richard Brinsley Sheridan, in 1791, under Sheridans management, the building was demolished to make way for a larger theatre which opened in 1794. This new Drury Lane survived for 15 years before burning down in 1809, the building that stands today opened in 1812. It has been the residency of a number of known actors including, Edmund Kean, comedian Dan Leno. From the Second World War, the theatre has primarily hosted long runs of musicals and my Fair Lady, 42nd Street and Miss Saigon, the theatres longest-running show. The theatre is owned by the composer Andrew Lloyd Webber, soon after, Charles issued Letters Patent to two parties licensing the formation of new acting companies. One of these went to Thomas Killigrew, whose company became known as the Kings Company, the new playhouse, architect unknown, opened on 7 May 1663 and was known from the placement of the entrance as the Theatre Royal in Bridges Street. It went by names as well, including the Kings Playhouse. The building was a wooden structure,112 feet long and 59 feet wide. Set well back from the streets, the theatre was accessed by narrow passages between surrounding buildings. The King himself frequently attended the productions, as did Samuel Pepys. The day after the Theatre Royal opened, Pepys attended a performance of Francis Beaumont, performances usually began at 3 pm to take advantage of the daylight, the main floor for the audience, the pit, had no roof in order to let in the light