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Pages in category "Gunsmiths"
The following 65 pages are in this category, out of 65 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gunsmiths.|
The following 65 pages are in this category, out of 65 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Gunsmith – A gunsmith is a person who repairs, modifies, designs, or builds guns. This occupation differs from an armorer, a gunsmith does factory level repairs, renovation, and makes modifications and alterations for special uses. Gunsmiths may also apply carvings, engravings and other features to an otherwise finished gun. Due to the breadth of subject matter to be mastered. Alternatively, some gunsmiths learn many of the skills of the trade, the primary technical responsibility of gunsmiths is to ensure that the guns work and function safely. They accomplish this firstly by always properly observing gun safety handling procedures and they accomplish this secondly by inspecting guns to ensure safe mechanical operation. Some of those around them are, Improper Assembly Missing Parts Cracks, all cracked parts are cause for concern, bore Obstructions, being either dented or bent barrels, or foreign material in barrels. Improper Headspace, dimensions concerning the locations of the chamber. Safety-Mechanism Malfunctions, potentially allowing a gun with the safety mechanism supposedly engaged to unexpectedly fire, worn Sear Edges, potentially allowing a firearm to unexpectedly fire when the safety mechanism is disengaged. Firing-Pin Tips Deformed, leading to the possibility of primer-rupture, many failure modes are dependent on the particular model of firearm. Disassemble, clean, inspect, lubricate & reassemble, Repair burred or damaged parts with files & stones. Replace defective parts with factory-made replacements, hand-fitting as necessary, add after-market customizations, sling-swivels recoil-pads iron-sights scopes grip caps butt plates Repair and re-finish wooden stock parts. Deepen or clean up worn or damaged engravings & markings, re-crown damaged muzzles on a lathe. Install or repair rib on shotgun barrels, or repair double-barrel assemblies, troubleshoot and repair feeding, ejecting & firing problems. Test-fire guns with conventional loads to ensure proper operation, fabricate wooden stocks to customer specifications and body dimensions. Fit same to existing receiver and barrel, glass-bed actions to stocks to improve accuracy. Remove existing metal finish, and re-blue metal parts, fabricate replacement parts from metal stock. Modify trigger-pull weight through careful stoning of trigger mechanism parts, fire proof-loads through weapons to ensure sufficient strength of parts under over-load conditions
2. P.O. Ackley – Parker Otto Ackley was an American gunsmith, barrel maker, author, columnist, and wildcat cartridge developer. Ackley improved not only standard cartridges, but also other popular wildcats, Ackley began gunsmithing full-time in Oregon in 1936, but was interrupted by World War II. In 1945, he established a new shop in Trinidad, Colorado, for a complete biography read the book, P. O. It duplicates the ballistics of the vaunted 7mm Remington Mag, with 30% less propellant used and he also produced a number of experimental cartridges, not intended to be practical, but rather to test the limits of firearms. One of these cartridges was the.22 Eargesplitten Loudenboomer. This humorously named cartridge was developed by Ackley for Bob Hutton of Guns & Ammo magazine, ackleys loads only managed 4,600 ft/s, firing a 50-grain bullet. Based on a.378 Weatherby Magnum case, the case is impractically over-capacity for the bore diameter, the advent of new slower-burning smokeless powders may have changed the equation, but in a cartridge case that routinely holds over 100-grains of powder, it is hardly worth the effort. NOTE, The term Ackley Improved has been applied by various gunsmiths conceptually to many cartridges not extant during P. O. To accomplish this, the chamber for a rimless bottle necked improved cartridge must be shorter in the body than the original so that there is no headspace when the round is chambered
3. Samuel Colt – Samuel Colt was an American inventor and industrialist from Hartford, Connecticut. He founded Colts Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company, and made the production of the revolver commercially viable. Colts first two ventures were producing firearms in Paterson, New Jersey and making underwater mines, both ended in disappointment. But his business expanded rapidly after 1847, when the Texas Rangers ordered 1,000 revolvers during the American war with Mexico, during the American Civil War, his factory in Hartford supplied firearms both to the North and the South. Later, his firearms were prominent during the settling of the western frontier, Colt died in 1862 as one of the wealthiest men in America. Colts manufacturing methods were at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution and his use of interchangeable parts helped him become one of the first to use the assembly line efficiently. Moreover, his use of art, celebrity endorsements, and corporate gifts to promote his wares made him a pioneer in the fields of advertising, product placement. Samuel Colt was born in Hartford, Connecticut, to Christopher Colt, a farmer who had moved his family to the city after he became a businessman, and Sarah Colt, born Caldwell. His mothers father, Major John Caldwell, had been an officer in the Continental Army, Sarah died from tuberculosis when Samuel was six years old, and his father remarried two years later, to Olivia Sargeant. Samuel had three sisters, one of whom died during her childhood and his oldest sister, Margaret, died of tuberculosis at 19 and the other, Sarah Ann, later committed suicide. One brother, James, became a lawyer, another, Christopher, was a textile merchant. Colt, a man of many occupations, killed a creditor in 1841 in New York City, was convicted of the murder, at age 11, Colt was indentured to a farmer in Glastonbury, where he did chores and attended school. Here he was introduced to the Compendium of Knowledge, an encyclopedia that he preferred to read rather than his Bible studies. Its articles on Robert Fulton and gunpowder motivated Colt throughout his life and he discovered that other inventors in the Compendium had accomplished things that were once deemed impossible, and he wanted to do the same. In 1829, at the age of 15, Colt began working in his fathers textile plant in Ware, Massachusetts, where he had access to tools, materials, sent to boarding school, he amused his classmates with pyrotechnics. In 1830, a July 4 accident caused a fire ended his schooling. On a voyage to Calcutta on board the brig Corvo, he noticed that regardless of which way the ships wheel was spun and he later said that this gave him the idea for the revolver. On the Corvo, Colt made a model of a pepperbox revolver out of scrap wood
4. Kunitomo Ikkansai – It was of the Gregorian type. Kunitomos telescope had a magnification of 60, and allowed him to make detailed studies of sun spots. Four of his telescopes remain to this day, kunimoto also developed manufacturing methods for guns, and also created an air gun based on rangaku knowledge acquired from the Dutch in Dejima. 6100 Kunitomoikkansai, a main belt asteroid discovered in 1991, is named after Kunitomo Ikkansai
5. William Caslon – William Caslon I, also known as William Caslon the Elder, was an English typefounder. The distinction and legibility of his type secured him the patronage of the printers of the day in England. His typefaces transformed English type design and first established an English national typographic style, Caslon was born in Cradley, Worcestershire in 1692 or 1693 and trained as an engraver in nearby Birmingham. In 1716, he started business in London as an engraver of gun locks and barrels, having contact with printers, he was induced to fit up a type foundry, largely through the encouragement of William Bowyer. He died on 23 January 1766, and was buried in the churchyard of St Luke Old Street, London, though his name would come to be identified with an enduring style of Latin alphabet, Caslons first typefaces were what contemporary typefounders called exotics. His first Latin typefaces were a roman and italic cut in the pica size, Caslons typefaces were inspired by the Dutch Baroque types, the most commonly used types in England before Caslons faces. His designs influenced John Baskerville and are thus the progenitors of the transitional, Caslon typefaces were immediately popular and used for many important printed works, including the first printed version of the United States Declaration of Independence. Caslons types became so popular that the expression about typeface choice, the Caslon types fell out of favour in the century after his death, but were revived in the 1840s. Several revivals of the Caslon types are used today. William Caslon founded the Caslon Foundry in 1739, the other half was purchased by John James, son of Thomas James. John James also purchased at around 1716–1764, which became the leading English typefoundry of the 18th, John James, William Caslon I and Baskerville as the only three representatives of the trade in the country. William Caslon I had two apprentices in his Sheffield Foundry, Thomas Cottrell and Joseph Jackson and they started a foundry of their own in direct competition to their employer in 1757. In 1759 Jackson entered the Navy leaving Cottrell to carry on alone, Jackson left the navy in 1763 and continued to be employed in Thomas Cottrell, Neveils court 1759–1785 Foundry for a short time. He commenced business in a separate Foundry with two fellow workman who helped to find the capital 1764 –1792, when Jackson died in 1792 it was William Caslon Is grandson, William Caslon III who purchased the foundry in Salisbury Square. After the death of William Caslon I, his son William Caslon II took over the Caslon Foundry business 1764–1778, in 1792, William Caslon III sold his share of Caslon Foundry to his mother and his sister-in-law, the widow of his brother Henry. Mrs William Caslon II and Mrs Henry Caslon continued to run the original main Caslon business, in the same year, William Caslon III purchased the Salisbury Square foundry from the estate of the recently deceased Joseph Jackson, and renamed it to W Caslon & Son. In 1807, W Caslon & Son was passed to William Caslon IV, in 1819, William Caslon IV sold Caslon & Son to the new Sheffield foundry of Blake, Garnett & Co. In 1837, the Salisbury Square Caslon Foundry became the property of Stephenson, the main Caslon Foundry was still running
6. Casimir Lefaucheux – Casimir Lefaucheux was a French gunsmith. He was born in Bonnétable and died in Paris, casimir Lefaucheux obtained his first patent in 1827. In 1832, he completed a drop-barrel sporting gun with paper-cased cartridges, casimir Lefaucheux is credited with the invention of one of the first efficient self-contained cartridge system in 1836, featuring a pin-fire mechanism. This followed the work of Jean Samuel Pauly in 1808-1812. The Lefaucheux cartridge had a bullet, a cardboard powder tube. Lefaucheux thus proposed one of the first practical breech-loading weapons, in 1846, the Lefaucheux system was improved upon by Benjamin Houllier, who introduced an entirely metallic cartridge of copper brass. In 1858, the Lefaucheux pistolet-revolver became the first metallic-cartridge revolver to be adopted by a national government. A 7mm Lefaucheux revolver used by Paul Verlaine to shoot and wound Arthur Rimbaud in 1873 became the highest priced firearm ever sold, as of 2016, with a price of €435,000 at a Paris auction. Henrotin, Gerard Lefaucheux 7mm pinfire revolver explained, HLebooks. com,2013 Henrotin, Gerard European percussion & pinfire shotguns explained, HLebooks. com,2011
7. Seth Pomeroy – Seth Pomeroy was an American gunsmith and soldier from Northampton, Massachusetts. His military service included the French and Indian War and the stages of the American Revolutionary War. He fought as a soldier in the Battle of Bunker Hill. Seth was born in Northampton, Massachusetts, to Ebeneezer and Sarah Pomeroy and his father was a prominent local citizen, and had been a Major in the militia. Seth became a mechanic and gunsmith, as well as joining the militia in Hampshire County. He earned a reputation as one of the best gunsmiths in the colony, Pomeroy married Mary Hunt on December 14,1732. They had nine children, Seth, Quartus, Medad, Lemuel, Martha, Mary, Sarah, A child born in 1747, when Massachusetts undertook an expedition against the French in Nova Scotia, Major Pomeroy answered Governor William Shirleys call for volunteers. He was part of the led by William Pepperrell that captured Fortress Louisbourg in Nova Scotia in 1745. He used his skills in support of Richard Gridley, the expeditions chief engineering officer. He reconditioned the guns captured from a position after the French had spiked them. In 1755 Lt. Colonel Pomeroy was second in command of the regiment led by Colonel Ephraim Williams and they marched to New York to support a move to capture Crown Point. While on the march, they were ambushed by a force of 800 French and Canadian troops, supported by 600 Iroquois warriors, of all the commanding officers, Pomeroy was the only one to survive the battle, and in lieu of Williams death assumed the rank of Colonel. Although suffering significant losses, they withdrew to the English camp at the end of Lake George. There they built a hasty wall of wood and carts and made their stand, supported by cannon, the Indians and Canadians would not attack in the open. When Baron Dieskau was wounded, the entire French force withdrew for Fort Carillon, Dieskau was captured, and Johnson would build a more permanent Fort William Henry to protect the site. Although a senior officer in the Massachusetts militia at the start of the war and he was, after all, nearly seventy years old. But when the Siege of Boston began in 1775, he was among the volunteers that went in support of it, on June 17 a British naval bombardment marked the start of the Battle of Bunker Hill. He borrowed a horse from General Artemas Ward and set out for Charlestown, when he reached the neck of the peninsula, he found troops piled up because the narrow strip was under fire from British warships
8. Benjamin Forstner – Benjamin Forstner, was an American gunsmith, inventor and dry goods merchant. Forstner was born in Beaver County, Pennsylvania and his successful invention of the Forstner bit, patented in 1886, was to make him a rich man. Without the lead screw and cutting lips of more conventional wood boring bits it would prove useful to gunsmiths like himself. The bit was unsurpassed in drilling an exceedingly smooth-sided hole with a flat bottom and it was better than the Russell Jennings twist bits for boring at an angle and not following the grain of the wood. Even today, the Forstner bit continues to be manufactured, although it has changed to a split-ring design, Forstner also invented an electric motor. In the early 1850s Benjamin Forstner moved to Missouri where he came under the influence of communal utopian William Keil of Bethel and he followed Keil to the Pacific Northwest in 1863, where they founded the colony of Aurora, Marion Co. In 1865 Forstner settled in Salem, Oregon and the year he married Miss Louisa Snyder. Their only child was a daughter, a niece of Mrs. Forstner. Forstner became established as a gunsmith and he traveled East on business often, including to the 1876 Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia and the 1893 Worlds Columbian Exposition in Chicago where his bits won highest premiums. Through lucrative royalty payments he became a wealthy Salem citizen and property owner, Forstner retired in 1891, having by his business acumen accumulated sufficient money and property. His residence and workshop were situated on the west side of Commercial Street and later occupied by the Salem woolen mill store and he erected a large and handsome residence on his block of land near the northern end of Commercial Street. He also possessed considerable farm property across the river in Polk county, Benjamin Forstner died in Salem, Oregon after a prolonged bout of flu. He was interred on 2 Mar 1897, Louisa Forstner died 12 Sept 1917 aged 75 at 265 North Commercial Street, Salem and was interred in the Odd Fellows cemetery
9. Henry Deringer – Henry Deringer was an American gunsmith. He is best known for inventing and giving his name to the derringer pistol, Deringer was born in Easton, Pennsylvania on October 26,1786 to colonial gunsmith Henry Deringer Senior and Catherine McQuety. The family moved to Philadelphia where his father continued work on the Kentucky rifle and he sent his son to Richmond to apprentice with another gunsmith there. Henry Deringer moved back to Pennsylvania after serving his apprenticeship and set up shop in 1806 in Philadelphia and he married Elizabeth Hollobush at the First Reformed Church in Philadelphia on April 5,1810. Deringers early efforts were for military contracts, producing military pistols, muskets, among those he produced was the Model 1814 Common Rifle and the Model 1817 Common Rifle. He produced trade rifles, designated for the Native American tribes and his specialties became fine sporting rifles and dueling pistols. He stopped pursuing the government contracts by the mid-1840s, in 1825 he designed the first of the large caliber, short barreled pistols that would lead to considerable wealth and fame for himself. Using the basic action in common usage at the time. Later models used the percussion cap action, although both actions were manufactured and sold for some time, for arms of his own design, he adopted the newer percussion cap technology, putting his pistol on the modern cutting edge. He was innovating, the cap was perfected about 1820, and Deringer was marketing them by the 1830s. Deringer never claimed a patent for his pistols and the public bought them as fast as he produced them, further development and copying of his design resulted in the derringer pistol that was generically manufactured widely by other companies. There was widespread copying of his designs, included outright counterfeiting with his proofmarks being copied, one company even hired a tailor called John Deringer so that it could put the Deringer name on its firearms. Some of Deringers workmen also left the company to set up their own duplicates, whilst others copied his pistols as closely as possible with some even putting on its Deringer name, Deringer fought these infringements for most of his business life. The Derringer vs Plate ruling, in which the California Supreme Court ruled in the companys favor, Deringer died in 1868 at the age of 81 and was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia. Concealed carry in the United States The Booth Deringer—Genuine Artifact or Replica. at FBI. gov Bond Arms - Modern manufacturer of derringers American Derringer - Modern manufacturer of derringers
10. Kenny Howard – Kenneth Robert Howard, also known as Dutch, Von Dutch, or J. L. Bachs, was a motorcycle mechanic, artist, pinstriper, metal fabricator, knifemaker and gunsmith. His father, Wally Howard, was a Los Angeles sign painter, and, by the age of ten, the Von Dutch nickname was intended to mean stubborn as a Dutchman. However, von is not Dutch, but German - for of, as the son of a sign painter, Howard learned to letter and pin stripe professionally by the age of ten. While attending Compton High School, Howard excelled in track and field and was referred to as the fastest man in LA, family members gave him the nickname Dutch because he was as stubborn as a Dutchman, he added the Von prefix later as an artistic signature. Howard started earning money in the 1950s by pin-striping along with fellow striper Dean Jeffries, Von Dutch has been a major influence in the customizing of vehicles from the 1950s to today. Some of his famous works include the flying eyeball and the custom Kenford truck, along with numerous custom motorcycles, among many custom car and motorcycle enthusiasts, he is thought of as one of the fathers of Kustom Kulture. An avid gunsmith and knife maker, Von Dutch made numerous art knives, most of these were adaptations of existing items to which he added his artistic flair. In 1958, Von Dutch designed and produced the Mares Leg, Von Dutch completed pin striping the well known Blue Velvet Pontiac Firebird in 1979, which is complete with two perfectly parallel pin stripes 16 and a half feet long down each side of the vehicle. These pin stripes were completed by hand and attained a level of perfection that gave rise to the legend of Von Dutch as a pin striper, Von Dutchs lifelong alcoholism led to major medical issues later in life. He died on September 19,1992 from alcohol-related complications, leaving behind his two daughters, Lisa and Lorna and his ashes were scattered in the Pacific Ocean. After his death, his daughters sold the Von Dutch name to Michael Cassel, Von Dutch is now an American multinational brand licensing company named after Kenny Howard. Considering that the Von Dutch name is now a lucrative, licensed brand, its ironic that Kenny Howard had famously stated, everything is in the subconscious, we just tap it sometimes and think we have originated something. Genes make us more or less interested in things but nothing is truly original. Copyright and patents are mostly an ego trip, in January of 2004, an OC Weekly article revealed Howards violent and racist tendencies. Robert Williams, a friend and fellow artist, said Howard was. quite a racist and he had all the trappings of being a neo-Nazi. He could not tolerate black people. The article alleges that a letter shortly before Howards death in 1992, when he was in the hospital, closed with “Bye, Heil Hitler. ”After the publication of the article. In May 2004, Los Angeles Magazine profiled Howard similarly describing his alcoholism, Von Dutch clothing founder Ed Boswell described Howard as. an artistic Nazi, an aesthetic Nazi and a racist
11. Marin le Bourgeoys – Marin le Bourgeoys was a French artist and inventor, known for inventing a flintlock mechanism that was used in firearms for over two centuries. Marin le Bourgeoys was born into an artisan family in Lisieux, in Normandy. He was probably trained as a painter. He later attained fame not only as an artist, but as a gunsmith, inventor, in 1598, his talents attracted King Henry IV, and he was appointed Valet de Chambre in the Royal Court. In 1608, he was granted rooms in the Grand Gallery of the Louvre and he produced artwork, firearms, air guns, crossbows, and movable globes. He continued in service under the reign of King Louis XIII. Sometime between 1610 and 1615 it is believed that he created the first true flintlock ignited firearm and his basic design was copied and soon spread over all of Europe. His weapons were considered works of art, and Louis XIII kept many of them in a private collection, the King also gave them to favored courtiers and highly esteemed visitors. One feature of Marin le Bourgeoys lock was that it had a half cocked position, from which the weapon could be loaded and this feature proved to be much safer than earlier designs, and was widely implemented as other gunsmiths copied the flintlock. Marin le Bourgeoys design was standard in use until the 1840s. Pistols, An Illustrated History of Their Impact By Jeff Kinard, Published by ABC-CLIO,2004 The Flintlock, Its Origin, Development, and Use By Torsten Lenk
12. Daniel Myron LeFever – Daniel Myron Lefever was an American gun maker, popularly known as Uncle Dan Lefever. He is best known as the inventor of the hammerless shotgun, born in Hopewell, New York, Uncle Dan Lefevers gunmaking career began as an apprentice in Canandaigua, New York in the early 1850s. He married Sarah Stead on June 10,1857, in Canandaigua and he opened his own gunshop in Canandaigua in 1857. His principal business was making muzzle-loading rifles, in 1862 he joined with James Ellis to form Lefever & Ellis. They built long-range rifles which were used in the American Civil War and this partnership broke up in 1867. Sometime before 1870 D. M. Lefever moved to Auburn and this firm made primarily breechloading double shotguns. They also converted muzzle-loading guns to breech-loading and this firm dissolved in late 1873 or early 1874. In early 1874 D. M. Lefever moved to Syracuse, here he joined with Lorenzo Barber to form Barber & Lefever. Again they made breech-loading shotguns and rifles and this partnership lasted a short two years. D. M. Lefever then joined with John Nichols and formed Nichols & Lefever, during this time D. M. Lefever worked on the development of the hammerless shotgun. These guns were cocked with a lever on the side of the breech. In 1878 he won first prize at the St. Louis Bench Show, by the time D. M. Lefever patented his hammerless shotgun in 1880 he had left Nichols & Lefever and gone into business for himself. In 1883 D. M. Lefever patented the first truly automatic hammerless shotgun and this internalized the cocking mechanism so that the gun was automatically cocked when the breech was closed. He also patented the automatic system which ejected the used shells when the breech was opened. In 1886 D. M. Lefever lost control of his company which by then was called Lefever Arms Company, however, he remained as superintendent until 1902. In 1902 D. M. Lefever left Lefever Arms Company to form D. M. Lefever, Sons & Company with sons Charles F. Lefever, Frank and they continued to make fine hammerless shotguns, but could not compete with the larger Lefever Arms Company. In 1904 they moved to Ohio, first in Defiance and within a year in Bowling Green. In 1906 they returned to Syracuse, New York, however and his remains are interred, with his wife, in Woodlawn Cemetery in Syracuse