This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total.
Pages in category "Hat makers"
The following 50 pages are in this category, out of 50 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total.
The following 50 pages are in this category, out of 50 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Hatmaking – Hatmaking is the manufacture of hats and head-wear. Millinery is the designing and manufacture of hats, a millinery shop is a store that sells those goods. A milliner or hatter designs, makes, trims, or sells hats, Millinery is sold to women, men and children, though some definitions limit the term to womens hats. More recently, the term milliner has evolved to describe a person who designs, makes, sells or trims hats primarily for a female clientele. The origin of the term is probably the Middle English milener, meaning an inhabitant of the city of Milan or one who deals in items from Milan, known for its fashion, many styles of headgear have been popular through history and worn for different functions and events. They can be part of uniforms or worn to indicate social status, styles include the top hat, hats worn as part of military uniforms, cowboy hat, and cocktail hat. This is a partial list of people who have had a significant influence on hatmaking, international Hat Company, an American manufacturer credited with inventing one of Americas most popular early 20th century harvest hats for field hands, farmers, and workmen. Hawley Products Company, an American manufacturer credited with inventing the tropical shaped, pressed fiber sun helmet used from World War II through the Persian Gulf War. John Cavanagh, an American hatter whose innovations included manufacturing regular, long, james Lock & Co. of London, is credited with the introduction of the bowler hat in 1849. John Batterson Stetson, credited with inventing the classic cowboy hat Giuseppe Borsalino, anna Ben-Yusuf wrote The Art of Millinery, one of the first reference books on millinery technique. Rose Bertin, milliner and modiste to Marie Antoinette, is described as the worlds first celebrity fashion designer. John Boyd is one of Londons most respected milliners and is known for the famous pink tricorn hat worn by Diana, lilly Daché was a famous American milliner of the mid-20th century. Frederick Fox was an Australian born milliner noted for his designs for the British Royal family, mr. John was an American milliner considered by some to be the millinery equivalent of Dior in the 1940s and 1950s. Stephen Jones of London, is considered one of the worlds most radical and important milliners of the late 20th, simone Mirman was known for her designs for Elizabeth II and other members of the British Royal Family. Caroline Reboux was a milliner of the 19th and early 20th centuries. David Shilling is a milliner, artist and designer based in Monaco. Justin Smith is an award-winning milliner creating bespoke and couture hats under the J Smith Esquire brand, philip Treacy of London is an award-winning milliner
2. Boston Corbett – Boston Corbett was a Union Army soldier who shot and killed President Abraham Lincolns assassin, John Wilkes Booth. Corbett was initially arrested for disobeying orders, but was released and was largely considered a hero by the media. Known for his religious beliefs and eccentric behavior, Corbett drifted around the United States before disappearing around 1888. Circumstantial evidence suggests that he died in the Great Hinckley Fire in September 1894, Corbett was born in London and immigrated with his family to New York City in 1839. The family moved frequently before settling in Troy, New York. As a young man, Corbett began apprenticing as hatter, a profession that he would hold throughout his life. As a hatter, Corbett was regularly exposed to the fumes of mercury compound mercury nitrate, excessive exposure to the compound can lead to hallucinations, psychosis and twitching. Historians have theorized that the mental issues Corbett exhibited before and after the Civil War may have been caused by this exposure, after working as a hatter in Troy, Corbett returned to New York City. He later married, but his wife and child died in childbirth, following their deaths, he moved to Boston. Corbett became despondent over the loss of his wife and child and he was unable to hold a job and eventually became homeless. After a night of drinking, he was confronted by a street preacher whose message persuaded him to join the Methodist Episcopal Church. Corbett immediately stopped drinking and became devoutly religious, after being baptized, he subsequently changed his name to Boston, the name of the city where he was converted. He regularly attended meetings at the Fulton Street and Bromfield Street churches where his enthusiastic behavior earned him the nickname The Glory to God man, in an attempt to imitate Jesus, Corbett began to wear his hair very long. In 1857, Corbett began working at a hat manufacturers shop on Washington Street in downtown Boston and he was reported to be a proficient hatter but was known to proselytize frequently and stop work to pray and sing for co-workers who used profanity in his presence. He also began working as a preacher and would sermonize. Corbett soon earned a reputation around Boston for being a local eccentric, on July 16,1858, Corbett was propositioned by two prostitutes while walking home from a church meeting. He was deeply disturbed by the encounter, upon returning to his room at a boardinghouse, Corbett began reading chapters 18 and 19 in the Gospel of Matthew. In order to avoid sexual temptation and remain holy, he castrated himself with a pair of scissors and he then ate a meal and went to a prayer meeting before seeking medical treatment
3. Hat – In the past, hats were an indicator of social status. In the military, hats may denote nationality, branch of service, rank, Police typically wear distinctive hats such as peaked caps or brimmed hats, such as those worn by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Some hats have a protective function, some hats are worn for ceremonial purposes, such as the mortarboard, which is worn during university graduation ceremonies. Some hats are worn by members of a profession, such as the Toque worn by chefs. Some hats have religious functions, such as the mitres worn by Bishops, while there are not many official records of hats before 3,000 BC, they probably were commonplace before that. Archaeologists think that the Venus of Brassempouy from 26,000 years ago may depict a hat. One of the earliest known confirmed hats was worn by a bronze age man whose body was frozen in a mountain between Austria and Italy, where hed been since around 3,300 BC. He was found wearing bearskin cap with a strap, made of several hides stitched together. One of the first pictorial depictions of a hat appears in a painting from Thebes, Egypt. Hats were commonly worn in ancient Egypt, many upper-class Egyptians shaved their head, then covered it in a headdress intended to help them keep cool. Ancient Mesopotamians often wore conical hats or ones shaped somewhat like an inverted vase. Other early hats include the Pileus, a skull like cap, the Phrygian cap, worn by freed slaves in Greece and Rome, and the Greek petasos. Women wore veils, kerchiefs, hoods, caps and wimples, like Otzi, Tollund Man was preserved to the present day with a hat on, probably having died around 400 BC in a Danish bog, which mummified him. He wore a cap made of sheepskin and wool, fastened under the chin by a hide thong. St. Clement, the saint of felt hatmakers, is said to have discovered wool felt when he filled his sandals with flax fibers to protect his feet. In the Middle Ages, hats were a marker of social status, the 1215 Fourth Council of the Lateran required that all Jews identify themselves by wearing the Judenhat, marking them as targets for anti-Semitism. The hats were usually yellow and were pointed or square. In the Middle Ages, hats for women ranged from simple scarves to elaborate hennin, structured hats for women similar to those of male courtiers began to be worn in the late 16th century
4. Ignacio Pinazo Camarlench – Ignacio Pinazo Camarlench was a Spanish painter, and one of the most prominent artists of Valencia from the end of the nineteenth century, working in the Impressionist style. Born into a family, Pinazo was forced from a young age to assist in supporting the family by practising various trades. He had only attended eight grades when his mother died of the cholera, and young Ignazio was variously employed as a silversmith, a painter of tiles, and a decorator of fans. After his fathers death, he lived with his grandparents, and in 1864 enrolled in the San Carlos Academy of Fine Arts, Valencia and his artistic career started when he was 21, and he achieved his first success in Barcelona three years later. In 1871, work by him was displayed in the National Exhibition of Fine Arts for the first time and he visited Rome twice, the first time thanks to the sale of a painting. From 1876 to 1881 he lived in that city on a grant and this is the beginning of a more intimate, Impressionist style. In 1884, due to an epidemic in Valencia, Pinazo temporarily moved to the town of Bétera. From 1884 to 1886 he taught at the School of Valencia and he received many commissions from the Valencian aristocracy, among them the Marchioness of Benicarló. The annual art exhibitions brought Pinazo silver medals in 1881 and 1885 and he also received a royal medal and in 1912 a street in Valencia was named after him. He was married to Teresa Martinez Montfort and they had two sons, Ignacio and Jose, both of whom became painters themselves. Ignazio Pinazo worked with dark colours, black, brown and other earth-like shades and his work often shows rapid brush strokes. Paintings include, Las hijas del Cid Los últimos momentos del rey Don Jaime el Conquistador en el acto de entregar su espada a su hijo Don Pedro El guardavía Barca en la playa. Part of his work can be seen in the Basilica de la asunción in the town of Cieza, the greatest collection of this painters work is to be seen in the Valencia Institute of Modern Art, with over one hundred paintings and six hundred drawings
5. William Miller Christy – William Miller Christy was an English Quaker hat and textile manufacturer, known also as a banker. He is credited with the invention of the penny receipt-stamp and he was the second son of Miller Christy and Ann Rist. The Christy family had a business at 35 Gracechurch Street. The firm developed manufacturing interests in Bermondsey and Stockport, and Christy was a founder of the London Joint Stock Bank, in 1824 he was a founder of Christy, Lloyd & Co, the Stockport and East Cheshire Bank, with Isaac Lloyd and two other partners. The immediate challenge of the panic of 1825 was handled with the support of Hanbury & Co. the banks London associates, the bank was sold in 1829, and Christy acquired capital, with which he entered the cotton business, in Stockport and then Droylsden. The enterprise later made a success of the Christy towel. The business dropped off later in the century, as the beaver hat went out of style, Miller married Ann Fell, and they had seven sons and three daughters. The second son was Henry Christy, Christys of London Lost Industries of Southwark Education Resources, Christys of Bermondsey Street
6. Joseph Marie Jacquard – Joseph Marie Charles dit Jacquard was a French weaver and merchant. In his grandfather’s generation, several branches of the Charles family lived in Lyon’s Couzon-Au-Mont d’Or suburb, to distinguish the various branches, the community gave them nicknames, Joseph’s branch was called “Jacquard” Charles. Thus, Joseph’s grandfather was Bartholomew Charles dit Jacquard, Joseph Marie Charles sit Jacquard was born into a conservative catholic family in Lyon, France on 7 July 1752. He was one of nine children of Jean Charles sit Jacquard, a weaver of Lyon. However, only Joseph and his sister Clemenceau survived to adulthood, although his father was a man of property, Joseph received no formal schooling and remained illiterate until he was 13. He was finally taught by his brother-in-law, Jean-Marie Barrett, who ran a printing, Barrett also introduced Joseph to learned societies and scholars. His mother died in 1762, and when his father died in 1772, Joseph inherited his father’s house, looms and workshop as well as a vineyard, Joseph then dabbled in real estate. In 1778, he listed his occupations as master weaver and silk merchant, there is some confusion about Jacquard’s early work history. British economist Sir John Bowring met Jacquard, who told Bowring that at one time he had been a maker of straw hats. Eymard claimed that before becoming involved in the weaving of silk, Jacquard was a type-founder, a soldier, a bleacher of straw hats, Barlow claims that before marrying, Jacquard had worked for a bookbinder, a type-founder, and a maker of cutlery. After marrying, Jacquard tried cutlery making, type-founding, and weaving, however, Barlow does not cite any sources for that information. Ballot stated that Jacquard initially helped his father operate his loom, on 26 July 1778, Joseph married Claudine Boichon. She was a widow from Lyon who owned property and had a substantial dowry. However, Joseph soon fell deeply into debt and was brought to court, Barlow claims that after Jacquards father died, Jacquard started a figure-weaving business but failed and lost all his wealth. However, Barlow cites no sources to support his claim, to settle his debts, he was obliged to sell his inheritance and to appropriate his wife’s dowry. Fortunately, his wife retained a house in Oullins, where the couple resided, on 19 April 1779, the couple had their only child, a son, Jean Marie. Beyond his name and his date of birth, nothing is known about Jacquards son, Charles Ballot stated that after the rebellion of Lyon in 1793 was suppressed, Jacquard and his son escaped from the city by joining the revolutionary army. They fought together in the Rhine campaign of 1795, serving in the Rhone-and-Loire battalion under General Jean Charles Pichegru, Jacquards son was killed outside of Heidelberg
7. John Batterson Stetson – John Batterson Stetson was an American hatter, hat manufacturer, and, in the 1860s, the inventor of the cowboy hat. Stetson Company as a manufacturer of headwear, the hats are now commonly referred to simply as Stetsons. Stetson was born in New Jersey, the 7th of 12 children and his father, Stephen Stetson, was a hatter. As a youth, John Stetson worked with his father until John was diagnosed with tuberculosis and his doctor predicted he had only a time to live. Given this dire prognosis, he left the business to explore the American West. There he met drovers, bullwhackers and cowboys, Stetson made a western hat for each hat dealer in the Boss of the Plains style he had invented, during the trek to Pike’s Peak. These lightweight hats were natural in color with four crowns and brims. Thanks to the time he had spent with cowboys and Western settlers and he decided to offer people a better hat. Made from waterproof felt, the new hat was durable, the wide brim would protect people from the hot sun. Noted one observer, It kept the sun out of your eyes and it gave you a bucket to water your horse and a cup to water yourself. It made a hell of a fan, which you need sometimes for a fire but more often to shunt cows this direction or that, before the invention of the cowboy hat, the cowpunchers of the plains wore castoffs of previous lives and vocations. The hat achieved instant popularity and was named the “Boss of the Plains, Stetson went on to build the Carlsbad, easily identified by its main crease down the front. His hat was called a Stetson, because he had his name John B, Stetson Company embossed in gold in every hatband. The Stetson soon became the most well known hat in the West, all the high-crowned, wide-brimmed, soft felt western hats that followed are intimately associated with the cowboy image created by Stetson. The Stetson Cowboy hat was the symbol of the highest quality, Western icons such as Buffalo Bill Cody, Calamity Jane, Will Rogers, Annie Oakley, Pawnee Bill, Tom Mix, and the Lone Ranger wore Stetsons. The company also made hats for law enforcement departments, such as the Texas Rangers, Stetsons Western-style hats were worn by employees of the National Park Service, U. S. Cavalry soldiers, and many U. S. Presidents. The cowboy hat is truly an example of form following function, Stetson, today’s cowboy hat has remained basically unchanged in construction and design since the first one was created in 1865. In addition to the hats, Stetson also made fedoras
8. Hatter (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland) – The Hatter is a character in Lewis Carrolls Alices Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking-Glass. He is often referred to as the Mad Hatter, though this term was never used by Carroll, the Hatter character, alongside all the other fictional beings, first appears in Lewis Carrolls 1865 novel Alices Adventures in Wonderland. In retaliation, time halts himself in respect to the Hatter, keeping him, when the character makes his appearance in Carrolls 1871 Through the Looking-Glass, the sequel to Alices Adventures in Wonderland, he is again in trouble with the law. This time, he is not necessarily guilty, the White Queen explains that subjects are often punished before they commit a crime, rather than after, and sometimes they do not even commit it at all. The Hatter, and the March Hare, is mentioned as being one of the White Kings messengers. Sir John Tenniels illustration also depicts him as sipping from a teacup as he did in the original novel, mercury was used in the manufacturing of felt hats during the 19th century, causing a high rate of mercury poisoning in those working in the hat industry. Mercury poisoning causes neurological damage, including slurred speech, memory loss, and tremors, many such workers were sent to Pauper Lunatic Asylums, which were supervised by Lunacy Commissioners such as Samuel Gaskell and Robert Wilfred Skeffington Lutwidge, Carrolls uncle. Besides staging theatre plays, dances and other amusements, such asylums also held tea-parties, the Hatter introduced in Carrolls Alices Adventures in Wonderland wears a large top hat with a hatband reading In this style 10/6. This is the price tag, indicative of The Hatters trade. Visit either you like, theyre both mad, both then subsequently make their actual debuts in the seventh chapter of the same book, which is titled A Mad Tea-Party. Hat making was the trade in Stockport where Carroll grew up. It has often claimed that the Hatters character may have been inspired by Theophilus Carter. Carter was supposedly at one time a servitor at Christ Church and this is not substantiated by university records. He later owned a shop, and became known as the Mad Hatter from his habit of standing in the door of his shop wearing a top hat. Sir John Tenniel is reported to have come to Oxford especially to sketch him for his illustrations, there is no evidence for this claim, however, in either Carrolls letters or diaries. In the chapter A Mad Tea Party, the Hatter asks a much-noted riddle why is a raven like a writing desk, when Alice gives up trying to figure out why, the Hatter admits I havent the slightest idea. This, however, is merely an afterthought, the riddle as originally invented had no answer at all. Loyd proposed a number of solutions to the riddle, including because Poe wrote on both and because the notes for which they are noted are not noted for being musical notes
9. John Cavanagh (hatter) – John J. Cavanagh was an American gentlemans hatter based in New York City. He was a Democratic mayor of South Norwalk and of Norwalk and he was a leader in both styling and manufacturing of hats for fifty years. In 1902, Cavanagh was elected mayor of South Norwalk and in 1908 and he is the only person to have served as mayors of both cities prior to their consolidation in 1913. He was very active in Democratic Party politics, and in 1925 was considered for the candidacy for governor of Connecticut, however, he was unwilling, due to his business responsibilities. He was a founder of the Norwalk Hospital, and was a member of its board of trustees for 20 years. He was a founder of the Shorehaven Golf Club, a member of the Merritt Parkway Commission, the Norwalk Housing Authority, the Norwalk Kiwanis Club, Cavanagh went to work for William A. Brown hatters of Norwalk at the age of 17. He worked as a sizer, trimmer, finisher, expert cutter, curler, in 1880 he began working for Crofut & Knapp, where he was mentored by James H. Knapp. By 1907, Cavanagh was vice-president of Crofut & Knapp, and from 1923–1937, in 1928 Cavanagh created the company of Cavanagh-Dobbs Inc. which included his own hat label, Cavanagh Hats, and a retail outlet in New York City, John Cavanagh Ltd. In 1932, he founded the Hat Corporation of America, merging his brands with Knox & Dunlap, in 1934 the Cavanagh Hat Research Corporation was founded to research materials and manufacturing methods to benefit the industry. He gave his name to a method of finishing hat brims known as the Cavanagh Edge, cavanaghs other innovations included introducing regular, long and wide-oval fitting hats to enable customers to find better-fitting ready-to-wear hats. In 1939 John Cavanagh was awarded a Neiman Marcus Fashion Award in recognition of his services to the American hat industry and he retired in 1947, though retained an honorary vice-presidency, and died in 1957. His son, J. Garvan Cavanagh, inherited vice presidency of the company, al Webb, who joined the company after the Second World War, was by 1961 Vice President of Sales for the Hat Corporation of America. Like J. Garvan Cavanagh, he was a personal friend of John F. Kennedy. The first incidence of this was when Kennedy met with Dwight D. Eisenhower on April 22,1961, citizens Award, Jewish War Veterans,1945 Cross of the Order of the Knights of Malta
10. Haberdasher – A haberdasher is a person who sells small articles for sewing, such as buttons, ribbons, zips, or a mens outfitter. The sewing articles are called haberdashery, or notions, the word appears in Chaucers Canterbury Tales. Haberdashers were initially peddlers, thus sellers of small items such as needles, the word is thought to have no connection with an Old Norse word akin to the Icelandic haprtask, which means peddlers wares or the sack in which the peddler carried them. If that had been the case, a haberdasher would be close to a mercier. Since the word has no recorded use in Scandinavia, it is most likely derived from the Anglo-Norman hapertas, a haberdasher would retail small wares, the goods of the peddler, while a mercer would specialize in linens, silks, fustian, worsted piece-goods and bedding. Saint Louis IX, King of France 1226–70, is the saint of French haberdashers. In Belgium and elsewhere in Continental Europe, Saint Nicholas remains their patron saint, while Saint Catherine was adopted by the Worshipful Company of Haberdashers in the City of London
11. Hatter's Castle – Hatters Castle is the first novel of author A. J. Cronin. The story is set in 1879, in the town of Levenford. The plot revolves around characters and has many subplots, all of which relate to the life of the hatter, James Brodie, whose narcissism and cruelty gradually destroy his family. The book was made into a film in 1942 starring Robert Newton, Deborah Kerr. The main characters are James Brodie, Mary Brodie, Matthew Brodie, Nessie Brodie, Mrs. Brodie, Grandma Brodie, Dennis Foyle, Nancy and Dr. Renwick. The novel begins with some insight into the life of the Brodie household, the main event that triggers the events in the novel is Mary Brodies relationship with her first love, Dennis. Early in the story, Mary, who has occasionally met Dennis at the library, is invited by him to go to the fair in the town. She sneaks out without her familys knowledge and not only goes to the fair, but later on that night kisses and eventually makes love to Dennis and this event of her unwanted pregnancy is the main plot in the first third of the novel, titled Section One. We realise that Mary is pregnant, and when she is six months pregnant she makes a plan with Dennis to elope, but three days before Dennis is due to whisk Mary away, there is a massive storm, and she begins to go into labour. Mrs. Brodie stumbles into Marys room and begins to scream at the fact that her daughter is with child, after being kicked in the stomach repeatedly by her father and thrown out on her face into the pouring rain, she tries to reach safety. Mary nearly drowns in a river before finding a barn where she gives birth to her premature child, which dies. Dennis, who was, travelling on a train to rescue Mary, is killed when the train derails and plunges into the River Tay below, in the second part of the book, James Brodies business as a hatter is destroyed. A rival company moves next door and attracts all his customers, part of this is due to Brodies pride, as the customers are driven away by his delusions of superiority. As his profits decrease, so does the weekly salary, so Mamma is left to deal with making the most of what little they have left for the family and her illness, cancer of the womb, and the chronic stress of living with James Brodie hasten her death. After her death, Brodies mistress, Nancy, moves in, later she goes off abroad with Brodies son Matt, and Brodie is left with only his younger daughter, Nessie, and his aged mother, Grandma Brodie. In the third part of the book, Brodie forces Nessie to study hard so as to win the Latta, a valuable bursarship. He wants this not so much to provide a future for his daughter, as to show that she is better than his rivals son. Under his threats and the fear of failure, she labours on with it