Category:Headlands of California
Pages in category "Headlands of California"
The following 19 pages are in this category, out of 19 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 19 pages are in this category, out of 19 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Marin Headlands – The entire area is part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. The Headlands are famous for their views of the Bay Area, the Headlands sometimes create their own clouds when moist, warm Pacific Ocean breezes are pushed into higher, colder air, causing condensation, fog, fog drip and perhaps rain. The hills also get more precipitation than at sea level, for the same reason, however, despite being relatively wet, strong gusty Pacific winds prevent dense forests from forming. The many gaps, ridges, and valleys in the increase the wind speed and periodically, during powerful winter storms. In summer, breezes can still be very gusty, when the oceanic air and these cloudy, gray, and rainy days often are interspersed with cool but extremely clear ones. As winter turns to spring, the April-to-June weather tends to be dominated by powerful winds, less rain, summer days alternate between clear and warm intervals, giving way to foggy and cool periods. September and October bring the highest average temperatures of the year, the centerpoint of the Marin Headlands skyline is the 920-foot Hawk Hill, the lookout point for the largest known flight of diurnal raptors in the Pacific states. Each autumn, from August into December, tens of thousands of hawks, kites, falcons, eagles, vultures, osprey, hawks avoid flight over water since warm thermals that provide lift are rare. Volunteers with the Golden Gate Raptor Observatory count and track this fall migration using bird-banding and radio-tracking techniques, all in cooperation with the National Park Service. The Marin Headlands are also home to black tail deer, mountain lions, bobcats, two types of fox, coyotes, wild turkeys, hares, rabbits, raccoons, river otters inhabit the freshwater lagoons and streams. Large numbers of birds also migrate through the Headlands, including brown pelicans from May through October, and grebes, egrets, and great blue herons in the spring, summer. The Headlands status as a park protects the habitat and populations of animals within just a few miles of San Francisco. The Marin Headlands are a geological formation created by the accretion of oceanic sediments onto the North American Plate from the Pacific Plate. The primary components of Headlands geology include graywacke sandstone, radiolarian chert, serpentinite, pillow basalts and these rocks began their migration over one hundred million years ago from as far south as present-day Los Angeles. The Marin Headlands were home to the Native American Coastal Miwok tribe, from the 1890s, the first military installations were built to prevent hostile ships from entering San Francisco Bay. The batteries at Kirby Cove, above Black Sands Beach, south of Rodeo Beach, the emplacements at the top of Hawk Hill were used for a radio station. During the Cold War, the gun batteries were decommissioned, radar sites were placed atop Hawk Hill and Hill 88. At several locations, shelters were built into the hillsides to protect the military personnel from the use of nuclear, biological, observation posts known as base end stations can also be found in the Headlands
2. Muir Beach Overlook – Muir Beach Overlook is part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. People may visit this cliffside park when driving on State Route 1 north of San Francisco, California and south of Stinson Beach and it has views of Pacific oceanside cliffs and on clear days you can see San Francisco. You can also view migrating blue whales between November and June, located 0.5 miles north of Muir Beach on Highway One in Marin County. Muir Beach Overlook contains several historic base-end stations, from these stations, soldiers viewed ships and triangulated the distance, speed, and direction of these ships in coordination with different stations. These stations were mostly important for artillery units stationed on the coast to attack any invasion and they gained particular importance during World War II immediately after the bombing of Pearl Harbor when many in California feared San Francisco or Los Angeles would be the next target. With the advent of radar and its use, these stations became obsolete. A few of them remain open like ruins where you may enter them to get somewhat of a perspective of the soldiers who were therein stationed, National Park Service, Muir Beach & Muir Beach Overlook 37. 86306°N122. 58559°W /37.86306, -122.58559
3. Point Lobos – Point Lobos is just south of Carmel-by-the-Sea, California, United States, at the north end of the Big Sur coast of the Pacific Ocean. Point Lobos contains a number of hiking trails, many next to the ocean, and it is the site of a historic marine reserve, which was expanded in 2007. It is also the home to a museum on whaling, which includes a building once used by area fishermen. The longstanding wildlife protection and scenic seascape have led to Point Lobos reputation as a local recreational scuba diving destination. The parks origins are owed to engineer Alexander Allan, who purchased a parcel of land in 1933 to prevent it from being developed. It was to be subdivided into 1,000 lots under the name of Carmelito, the iconic Point Lobos area is geologically unique and contains a rich and diverse plant and animal life both on shore and in the water. Called the greatest meeting of land and water in the world by landscape artist Francis McComas, the geological history of Point Lobos describes the rocks that create the headlands and inlets that make Point Lobos famous. Carmel submarine canyon lies just north of Point Lobos, like Monterey Canyon to the north the canyon provides cold, nutrient-rich water to the surface during upwelling events. These nutrient rich waters fuel the high primary productivity seen in Carmel and Monterey Bays, the original Point Lobos Ecological Reserve was created in 1973. As one of Californias oldest and best known no-take reserves, its large, in 2007, the Ecological Reserve was expanded and renamed with the establishment of The Point Lobos SMR and Point Lobos SMCA by the California Department of Fish and Game. Point Lobos SMR covers 5.36 square miles, the SMR protects all marine life within its boundaries. Fishing and take of all living marine resources is prohibited, the marine reserve is bounded by the mean high tide line and straight lines connecting the following points in the order listed, 36°31. 70’ N. lat. 121°55. 55’ W. long. 36°31. 70’ N. lat. 121°58. 25’ W. long, 36°28. 88’ N. lat. 121°58. 25’ W. long. And 36°28. 88’ N. lat. 121°56. 30’ W. long, Point Lobos SMCA covers 8.83 square miles. Harvest of all living marine resources is prohibited in the area except the recreational and commercial take of salmon, albacore. The area is bounded by lines connecting the following points in the order listed except where noted. 36°31. 70’ N. lat. 122°01. 30’ W. long, thence southward along the three nautical mile offshore boundary to 36°28. 88’ N. lat. 122°00. 55’ W. long. 36°28. 88’ N. lat. 121°58. 25’ W. long, and 36°31. 70’ N. lat. 121°58. 25’ W. long
4. Point Reyes – Point Reyes is a prominent cape and popular Northern California tourist destination on the Pacific coast. It is located in Marin County approximately 30 miles west-northwest of San Francisco, the term is often applied to the Point Reyes Peninsula, the region bounded by Tomales Bay on the northeast and Bolinas Lagoon on the southeast. The headland is protected as part of Point Reyes National Seashore, the cape protects Drakes Bay on its southern side. The headland is largely drained by Drakes Estero, Drakes Bay and Drakes Estero are named after English seafarer Sir Francis Drake who possibly hauled his ship, the Golden Hinde, up onto the beach for repairs in June 1579. Inverness Ridge runs along the peninsulas northwest-southeast spine, with forested peaks around 430 meters, west of the ridge, the land flattens out and the vegetation turns to scrub. The Mount Vision fire in 1995 burned part of Inverness Ridge, Point Reyes lends its name to the town of Point Reyes Station. The point may once have known as Lobes Lighthouse by the sailors of clipper ships on the meat trade. The Spanish explorer Sebastián Vizcaíno named the land Punto de los Reyes when his ship, Point Reyes first inhabitants, the Coast Miwok, lived on the land for thousands of years. They left evidence of well over a hundred encampments on the peninsula, although they did not cultivate the land, they used the plentiful acorns as a staple part of their diet by removing the tannic acid and making a pulp that was stored in dry granaries. Although the exact location of Sir Francis Drakes 1579 anchorage at Point Reyes is still being debated, observations, presumably written by his chaplain, describe the genial welcome Drake and his men received, complete with ceremony and gifts. In 1992, Coast Miwok descendants established the Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria and, today, they enjoy a rebirth of traditional customs and ceremonies, often held in Kule Loklo, Valley of the Bear, a replica Miwok village in Point Reyes National Seashore. The exact location of his landing, significant as the first European landing in Northern California, has sparked countless hours of spirited debate spanning four centuries, some experts believe, however, that he landed somewhere near the area on June 17,1579 and proclaimed it Nova Albion. Most likely, as validated by a National Historic Landmark designation, rumors of Drakes discovery of a safe harbor on the California coast intrigued the Spanish. Their trade between the Philippines and Mexico was booming, and they were constantly seeking safe harbors along their route, within a few days, a November storm beached the ship where it listed and was relentlessly pounded by the furious surf. It soon broke apart, killing men and dumping the precious cargo, some of which was eventually collected. Cermeno salvaged a small, open launch, likened to a large canoe, after a grueling two-month voyage, remembered as a remarkable feat of seamanship, Cermeno and all crew arrived safely in Acapulco in January 1596. Despite his amazing journey, Cermeno received no celebratory welcome, for he had not only lost his ship and cargo, despite reports of a lovely land populated by friendly tribes, Spain neglected California until the second half of the 18th century. By that time, trade had become an important source of income, when England, France, and Russia began to covet Californias coast, the King of Spain knew it was time to fortify it
5. Point Pinole Regional Shoreline – The Point Pinole Regional Shoreline is a regional park on the shores of the San Pablo Bay, California. It is approximately 9 square kilometers in area, and is operated by the East Bay Regional Park District, Point Pinole is located in the city of Richmond, California. The other relic of the industrial past are the large number of eucalyptus glades which were planted around the factory site for safety reasons. The eucalyptus was planted in strategic groves between the Giant Powder Company and the town to block the sound and smell of occasional explosions. The park features the promontory of Point Pinole, located where the East Bay shoreline turns from running south towards Berkeley and Oakland to running eastwards, geologically, it is a result of movement on the Hayward Fault which runs along its western edge, creating a low scarp. The parks trails are flat and not at all challenging, there is a $3 parking fee, in 2009 the park acquired the Breuner Marsh site and added it to the Point Pinole Regional Shoreline park. The park is a mixture of grassland and woodland, with beaches and low cliffs, and it has a rich bird life, including many ducks and shorebirds. It is located on the Pacific Flyway, so many migrant species are also seen, the park is located on the Hayward Fault, whose exact position is marked by monuments erected by the United States Geological Survey. The USGS has a seismometer posted along the Union Pacific Railroad, which divides the park from the mainland, the San Francisco Bay Trail runs through the park. The park can be reached by the AC Transit bus service, by car, pedestrian and cyclist admission is free, but there is a parking fee. East Bay Regional Park District, official Point Pinole Regional Shoreline website A short history of California Historical Landmarks — including #1002, wikimapia, Aerial image of Point Pinole
6. Bodega Head – Bodega Head is a small promontory on the Pacific coast of northern California in the United States. It is located in Sonoma County at 38. 311°N123. 066°W /38.311, -123.066, approximately 40 mi northwest of San Francisco, the peninsula, which is approximately 4 mi long and 1 mi wide, emerges from the coast to the south. It shelters the shallow sandy Bodega Bay and the portion known as Bodega Harbor. Sonoma Coast State Beach comprises beaches and dunes along the side of the promontory. The University of California, Davis runs a marine biology program at the Bodega Marine Laboratory. The laboratory is located on the grounds of Bodega Marine Reserve, the peninsula is considered a prime spot to observe the migration of whales. It is also one of the three points of the Red Triangle, a feeding ground for great white sharks. A series of trails are a destination for recreational hiking. Bodega Head State Marine Reserve & Bodega Head State Marine Conservation Area protect area waters, like underwater parks, these marine protected areas help conserve ocean wildlife and marine ecosystems. The peninsula was inhabited by the Coast Miwok people before the arrival of Europeans. Campbell Cove, on the east side of the promontory, is a candidate for Sir Francis Drakes 1579 landing site, Bodega Head lies just on the west side of the San Andreas Fault, which runs between the base of the promontory and the mainland. During the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, the promontory shifted approximately 15 ft, geologically, the rocks of Bodega Head differ greatly from those on the mainland just to the east. Whereas the rocks of Bodega Head are exposed continental granite, the rocks are of oceanic origin from the Franciscan Complex. Bodega Head is the tip of a vast geologic province known as the Salinian Block whose core is of the same origins as the core of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The block was torn off the continent as the San Andreas Fault came into existence about 20 million years ago, other nearby examples of the Salinian Block are the Point Reyes Peninsula and the Farallon Islands. Bodega Bay Bodega Harbor Point Reyes P. G, & E. Controversy in the 1950s
7. Cape Mendocino – Cape Mendocino, approximately 200 miles north of San Francisco, is located on the Lost Coast entirely within Humboldt County, California, USA. It is the westernmost point on the coast of California, the South Cape Mendocino State Marine Reserve and Sugarloaf Island are immediately offshore, although closed to public access due to their protected status. Sugarloaf Island is cited as Californias westernmost island, the Cape Mendocino Light was lit December 1,1868, standing on eight prefabricated panels sent up from San Francisco, an automated light stood near the original location but was removed in 2013. The Cape Mendocino region of Californias north coast is one of the most seismically active regions in the contiguous United States, many geologists and seismologists believe that the main shock in the 1992 sequence may be a forerunner of a much more powerful earthquake in the Pacific Northwest. Offshore of Cape Mendocino lies the Mendocino Triple Junction, a triple junction where three tectonic plates come together. The San Andreas Fault, a boundary, runs south from the junction, separating the Pacific Plate. To the north lies the Cascadia subduction zone, where the Gorda Plate is being subducted under the margin of the North American plate, running west from the triple junction is the Mendocino Fault, the transform boundary between the Gorda Plate and the Pacific Plate
8. Point Conception – Point Conception is a headland along the Pacific coast of the U. S. state of California, located in southwestern Santa Barbara County. The Point Conception Lighthouse is at its tip, Point Conception was first noted by Spanish maritime explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo in 1542 and named Cabo de Galera. In 1602, Sebastian Vizcaíno sailed past again, renaming the protruding headland Punta de la Limpia Concepción, vizcaínos name stuck, and was later anglicized to todays version. It is called Humqaq in the Chumashan languages, in 1978, the Point Conception area was occupied by Chumash and other Native Americans trying to save it from development by a liquefied natural gas company. Courtney Milne, Sacred Places in North America, A Journey into the Medicine Wheel
9. Point Mugu, California – Point Mugu /muːˈɡuː/, California is a cape or promontory within Point Mugu State Park on the Pacific Coast in Ventura County, near the town of Port Hueneme and the city of Oxnard. The park has 5 miles of shoreline and more than 70 miles of hiking trails, the name is believed to be derived from the Chumash Indian term Muwu, meaning beach, which was first mentioned by Cabrillo in his journals in 1542. It is also a name applied to the nearby NAS Point Mugu, Mugu Rock is a distinctive feature of the coastal headland promontory that has been featured in many film shoots and television commercials. This igneous dike marks the end of the Santa Monica Mountains. The rock was formed when the roadway was cut through the ridge of resistant volcanic rock in 1937. A route had been blasted out around the promontory in 1923-24 to complete Pacific Coast Highway between Malibu and the Oxnard Plain and this narrow path was dangerous and much of it has since eroded away. The site is a popular but dangerous place for fishing, sightseeing, cliff diving, on Thanksgiving, November 27,2008 three young men from nearby Oxnard, California were swept to sea and killed by a rogue wave while surf watching from Mugu Rock. The ZIP code is 93042, and the area is inside area code 805
10. Point Arguello – Point Arguello is a headland on the Pacific coast, in Santa Barbara County, California near the city of Lompoc. The area was first used by the United States Navy in 1959 for the launch of military and it was transferred to the United States Air Force in 1964, at which time it became part of Vandenberg Air Force Base. There were six launchpads at Vandenberg AFB Space Launch Complex 6, in 1769, the Spanish Portola expedition became the first Europeans to explore this area by land. Soldiers of the expedition named a nearby point Los Pedernales or Punta Pedernales, rockets listed in italics were launched from the complex after its transfer to Vandenberg AFB in 1964
11. Duncans Point – Duncans Point is a cape on the Pacific Coast of northern California in the United States. It is located in Sonoma County at 38. 393°N123. 0947°W /38.393, -123.0947, approximately 45 miles northwest of San Francisco, the point lies about halfway between Bodega Head and Goat Rock. It is easily reached from State Route 1, the unincorporated community of Ocean View lies just north of the point. The peninsula, which is approximately 300 yd long, emerges from the coast to the south and it shelters a rocky inlet, named Duncans Cove or Duncans Landing, which is part of the Sonoma Coast State Beach. Duncans Landing is notoriously dangerous, due to waves and strong surf. Duncans Point marked the limit of Pomo territory, and Duncans Landing was a place where coastal ships were loaded with food. The landing site was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on November 12,1971, Duncans Point is an uplifted wave-cut platform. Bodega Head Coast Miwok National Register of Historic Places listings in Sonoma County, California