Category:Highways in Sydney
Pages in category "Highways in Sydney"
The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Cahill Expressway – The Cahill Expressway is an urban freeway in Sydney and was the first freeway constructed in Australia, opening to traffic in 1958. It starts from the Eastern Distributor and Cross City Tunnel in Woolloomooloo and it then runs on an elevated section across the northern edge of the Sydney CBD at Circular Quay, and then across the Sydney Harbour Bridge to North Sydney. It connects there to the Warringah Freeway and it is named after the then New South Wales Premier John Joseph Cahill, who also approved construction of the Sydney Opera House. While being a link in the Sydney road system, it is generally not well loved by Sydneysiders. The expressway was first proposed in 1945 as part of an overall plan for Sydney. Public opposition began when the proposal was first made public in 1948, despite the opposition, construction on the elevated section of the expressway went ahead in 1955. Funding was provided by the Sydney Council and the NSW Government, work on the sunken section commenced almost straight away after that, and the additional section was opened on 1 March 1962. In June 2013, the Expressway was temporarily renamed the Tim Cahill Expressway in honour of Socceroo Tim Cahill, the expressway forms a vital link between Sydneys eastern and northern suburbs, by connecting the Eastern Distributor to the Sydney Harbour Bridge and Sydney Harbour Tunnel. It allows travel directly from the airport to the suburbs without traffic signals. The traffic on the section was also reduced by half following the opening of the Sydney Harbour tunnel in 1992. The elevated section is a deck, with the top deck carrying cars. The station provides access to the Sydney Opera House and the Royal Botanical Gardens. The westbound lanes dip underneath the Harbour Bridge approach road, before forming a large spiral circling the Sydney Observatory to join to the Bridge in a confined space. The expressway has a walkway next to the traffic lanes, where great views of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. It is accessible by stairs from Macquarie St, or an elevator near Circular Quay railway station, the walkway connects with the Sydney Harbour Bridge walkway. The Roads & Traffic Authority offers tickets to view the New Years Eve fireworks from the Cahill Expressway deck through a competition, the Cahill Expressway was controversial from day one. This was an example of freeway revolt. The Sydney Morning Herald writer Elizabeth Farrelly described the freeway as doggedly symmetrical, profoundly deadpan, the sunken section of the expressway runs between the Royal Botanical Gardens and The Domain, key green spaces in Sydney
2. Warringah Freeway – The Warringah Freeway is a 3-kilometre divided freeway located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The freeway forms part of the M1, the Sydney Orbital Network, the primary function of the freeway is to provide an alternative high-grade route from the Sydney Harbour Tunnel and the Bradfield Highway at Milsons Point to the A8 and the Gore Hill Freeway. The freeway reduces traffic demands on the Pacific Highway throughout Sydneys lower north shore, bypassing North Sydney, the first stage of the road opened on 18 June 1968. As its name suggests, the road was envisioned as the first stage of a system for Sydneys Manly/Warringah area. An early alignment had the crossing into the Manly Warringah area via Castlecrag. The freeway was never extended in this due to opposition by the residents of Castlecrag. A large amount of residential and commercial property, half a golf course, the freeway originally featured a 3x2x2x3 arrangement with the inner two carriageways both running in the same direction during peak times. The changeover process was slow both on the freeway and the Harbour Bridge, with numbers of red plastic candle sticks or candy bars being manually moved four times every weekday. The original north termination point of the freeway was Chandos Street, Cammeray, the Chandos Street ramps were moved to Brook Street at this time. It was not until 1992 when the Gore Hill Freeway was added to connect the Warringah Freeway to the Pacific Highway, only the inner west carriageway is reversible, with the inner east carriageway feeding the tunnel southbound. All carriageways were widened by utilizing the breakdown lane space, after the North Sydney northbound onramp, there are 16 lanes across the whole corridor for a short distance, becoming 10 lanes before the Brook Street exit, and then 6 after the Willoughby road exit. This feeds onto the Gore Hill freeway, completed in 1992, the arrangement is now mostly 4x3x3x3 through the section with the switchable carriageway, with variations in the width of the outer carriageways as ramps enter and exit the freeway. In 2007, major changes to the Military Road overpass have occurred with an extra three ramps added, and two lanes on the connecting Gore Hill freeway at the northern end. The overpass where these five ramps originate has been widened for an attempt to channel all the traffic, the first of the new Military Road ramps opened in June 2006. Most northbound traffic now has to exit from the right of the six northbound outer carriageway lanes, the previous exit ramp previously had three general lanes and one bus lane. There are now no general lanes, and two bus lanes, Traffic turning left into Falcon Street still uses the old ramp. The stated reason for change is to remove all the traffic which enters the freeway at North Sydney, then exits again at Military Road. The carriageway change over process was automated around 1990, with moveable barriers, the changeover occurs when the Harbour Bridge needs either 5 or 6 lanes southbound
3. WestConnex – WestConnex is a 33 kilometres motorway scheme currently under construction in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Together, these projects will create around 16 kilometres of new tunnels, in addition,7.5 kilometres of the existing M4 Western Motorway will be widened and converted to a private tollway. To help fund the project, the publicly-owned M5 East Motorway will be converted to a private tollway, construction costs alone for WestConnex are estimated at A$16.8 billion. Once land acquisitions, network extensions development costs and the cost of operations are accounted for, the first comprehensive plan for Sydney motorways, the Cumberland County Plan, was released by the then county council in 1948 and adopted in 1951 by the NSW Government. The Plan envisaged a radial motorway network centred on Sydneys central business district and this changed in 1976 with the election of the Australian Labor Party under Premier Neville Wran. Though Wrans decision to sell off the M4 East corridor was later criticised, at the same time, employment was decentralising. The Western Motorway, now known as the M4, was completed from the Blue Mountains to Concord in 1992, the South-Western motorway, known as the M5, reached from Prestons to Beverly Hills by 1995. The unfinished M5 East section of the orbital, between Beverly Hills and the airport, remained contentious, although a surface corridor had been reserved for much of the route, the government of Bob Carr was anxious to minimise the surface impact. Options for the M4 East were exhibited in 2003, but the government was divided over the proposal, greiners Infrastructure NSW evaluated a number of long-standing motorway proposals, including the M4 East, the F6 extension and the M2-F3 link. INSW released its strategy, entitled First Things First, the following year, the plan identified a 33-kilometre motorway scheme, which it named WestConnex, as the states top road priority. OFarrell accepted the recommendation, committing $1.8 billion to begin work, the M4 South component would provide the first step towards an inner-city bypass. Transport for New South Wales, which released its long-term integrated transport plan around the same time, focused as it was on journeys to and from the international gateways at Botany Bay, the scheme did not include a direct connection to the CBD. This proved a stumbling block in securing funding for the project. With a change of government in 2013, the governments opposition was reversed. The scheme underwent a number of changes from the concept recommended by iNSW in 2012, in particular, the government realigned the proposed M4 South to accommodate a link to a future second harbour road tunnel, with a view to one day completing an inner-city bypass. This would mean a large interchange at the site of the abandoned Rozelle Rail Yards close to the Anzac Bridge and this interchange was later moved underground. A tunnel under Rozelle was added to bypass the congested Victoria Road corridor, a large park will be built above the interchange. Stub tunnels have also added as part of Stage 2 to connect to a proposed Southern Motorway to the St George
4. M4 Western Motorway – The M4 Western Motorway is a 46-kilometre-long dual carriageway motorway in western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The M4 Western Motorway was formerly known as F4 Western Freeway and it used to be part of the Sydney Metroad 4 until 2013, when the new M4 route designation was proclaimed along the whole motorway. In December 1989 work to construct this stage began as a Build-Own-Operate-Transfer project, the concession held by StateWide Roads ended on 15 February 2010, with operation of the motorway returned to the Roads and Traffic Authority and the toll removed. The Motorway is mostly six lanes wide, and carries constant heavy traffic during daylight hours, built as a four lane motorway, it was widened to six lanes during 1998 to 2000, but this did little to ease the congestion. This section is now part of the Western Distributor, from there it was to have joined with the Western Expressway, the F4, and the Southern Expressway, the F6, in Glebe. This would have bypassed the Lapstone Hill area and avoided the sharp bends as the road enters Glenbrook, in June 1993, the new section of freeway between Emu Plains and Lapstone was opened to traffic. In 2013, the government announced the intention to implement a Managed Motorway scheme on the M4 over the coming years to improve traffic flow. Mechanisms to be used include improved Variable Message Signs, Ramp metering signals, dynamic speed and incident management, and an upgrade of the Emergency Telephone System. In November 2015, it was announced that points would be reinstated on the Motorway from 2017 to cover costs of the upgraded Motorway. When the final section of the M4 was opened in 1992 and this was the first Metroad to be introduced in Sydney. With the introduction of alphanumeric routes in New South Wales in 2013, Metroad 4 was decommissioned, the non-motorway section of Metroad 4 was however replaced by A4. The eastern end of the M4 is currently at North Strathfield, over the years a number of proposals have been made to extend the M4 east towards the city. One plan in the 1990s involved extending the M4 eastwards by approximately 5 kilometres so that it would end in Ashfield. Further planned upgrades to the City West Link would mean commuters going west out of the city could get to Parramatta without passing through traffic lights. A subsequent plan outlined a $7 billion plan to link the M4, Victoria Road, City West Link, both plans were subsequently shelved, with the NSW state government citing the need for an integrated plan for transport. The M5 East does connect directly to Port Botany, but it has chronic problems of its own. There is so much demand for this link, that not only uses the Parramatta Road corridor. The project also involves duplicating the M5 East tunnel and building a new tunnel linking the M4, during the 2013 federal election campaign, then Opposition Leader Tony Abbott announced that if the Coalition was elected his government would commit $1.5 billion to the project
5. Great Western Highway – The Great Western Highway is a 201-kilometre-long state highway in New South Wales, Australia. From east to west, the highway links Sydney with Bathurst, the eastern terminus of the Great Western Highway is west of Railway Square near the southern fringe of the Sydney CBD where Broadway reaches its western terminus. At Leonay, the M4 Western Motorway reconnects with the Great Western Highway and it intersects at Mount Victoria with the Darling Causeway which heads north to connect with the Bells Line of Road. At numerous points along its journey, the highway transverses or is transversed by the Main Western railway line, Major river crossings occur east of Emu Plains, near Wallerawang, and east of Bathurst. It consists of two of Australias most historic roads - the greater length of Parramatta Road, and the length of the Great Western Road. Initial travel between Sydney and the settlement of Parramatta was by water along the Parramatta River, sometime between 1789 and 1791 an overland track was made to provide an official land route between the two settlements. Parramatta Road dates to the 1792 formation of a route linking Sydney to the settlement of Parramatta, Parramatta Road became one of the colonys most important early roadways, and for many years remained one of Sydneys premier thoroughfares. By 1810, Parramatta Road had officially open to traffic and was financed during a portion of the 1800s by a toll, with toll booths located at what now is Sydney University. From Parramatta to Penrith, a road along the 2013 alignment of the Great Western Highway was constructed soon after completion of the Sydney-Parramatta Road, Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth travelled as far west as the point they named Mount Blaxland,25 kilometres southwest of where Lithgow now stands. Macquarie then despatched Surveyor George Evans to follow Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworths route, Evans travelled west until he reached the Fish River, and followed it downstream until he reached the site of Bathurst. Within a year, Macquarie commissioned William Cox to construct a road west from Emu Plains, following Evans route, Macquarie himself travelled across it soon after completion, established and named Bathurst, and named the road the Great Western Road. The section of the Great Western Road as far west as Mount Victoria, west of Mount Victoria, Evans route has been superseded, chiefly by Mitchells new route constructed between 1832 and 1836. This was deviated in the 1920s to follow the present route, at Mount Victoria, at the western edge of the Blue Mountains, the route of Coxs road turned north to Mount York, from where it descended into the Hartley Valley. This pass was the piece of engineering on the original route. From the foot of Mount York the road resumed its westerly direction to where Hartley now stands, however, most of this route remains in existence as a series of local roads. The original route had only been in existence for eight years when, in 1823 and this route turned north 2 kilometres south of OConnell to run northwest to where Kelso is now located, then west across the Macquarie River into Bathurst. The section from south of OConnell to Kelso is now part of the Bathurst-Oberon Road, when Major Thomas Mitchell was appointed as Surveyor-General in 1828, one of the first matters to which he turned his attention was the improvement of the Great Western Road. Mitchells attention was focussed on providing a direct and easily graded route for the Great Western Road
6. Western Distributor (Sydney) – From its northern terminus, it links the southern end of the Bradfield Highway at the Sydney Harbour Bridge to Victoria Road in Rozelle, at its western terminus near White Bay. The freeway is designated as part of the A4 for its entire distance, the Western Distributor came to be out of the realization in the early 1960s that the existing roads that supported the Harbour Bridge would not cope with contemporary and projected traffic volumes. Due to existing infrastructure and buildings in the area, it was decided to build a viaduct to carry traffic above the city streets, the Western Distributor was opened in stages starting in September 1972, with the last stage being the Anzac Bridge which was opened in December 1995. The distributor also replaces the former congested route out of the city via the Pyrmont Bridge, under the Western Distributor viaduct ramps at its northern end, between Sussex and Kent streets, there is an abandoned carriageway underneath the main roadway. It is a section of elevated freeway, the top tier remains in constant use but the lower is suspended in the air. It is a motorway as, citybound, it heads east, southeast after the Anzac Bridge, east. The freeway distributes traffic arriving from the north while collecting traffic from the CBD, distributing it through Pyrmont, in the citybound direction, traffic is collected from Victoria Road and the City West Link, as well as various on ramps in the Pyrmont and Ultimo areas. Traffic is distributed into the CBD through various off ramps in Pyrmont, the remaining traffic is fed into the Bradfield Highway, as it is not possible for northbound traffic to exit onto the Cahill Expressway. The Western Distributor ends west of the Anzac Bridge western ramp, freeways in Sydney Eastern Distributor Western Distributor - Construction Information Western Distributor on Google Maps
7. Westlink M7 – Westlink M7 - formerly Western Sydney Orbital - is one of Sydney, Australias urban motorways and a part of the Sydney Orbital Network. It opened on 16 December 2005, eight ahead of schedule. Western Sydney is the fastest growing part of the Sydney metropolitan area, the Ring Road 5 and State Route 55 - and later State Route 77 - originally meant to bypass Sydney, had instead become primary arteries for the western suburbs. By the late 1990s and first decade of the 21st century Western Sydney had become the third biggest producer of Australias GDP, after the Sydney CBD, the growth of industrial and residential areas brought about a massive increase in traffic on its local roads. This led to the planning of the Western Sydney Orbital which, the NSW Minister for Planning authorised the undertaking in February 2002. More than 90 bridges and the largest shared path network in the southern hemisphere, the design, construct, operate and maintain contract worth at least A$2.0 billion was awarded to WSO by the Roads & Traffic Authority. The design and construct portion of the valued at A$1. The motorway was opened to traffic in 2005, WSO operate the motorway with maintenance subcontracted to Westlink Services and tolling to ROAM. With its opening, Metroad 7 between Liverpool and Beecroft was transferred from Cumberland Highway to Westlink M7, Westlink M7 was the first Sydney motorway to be marked with an alphanumeric shield rather than the hexagonal Metroad shield. From then on it runs parallel to Wallgrove Road north towards the Great Western Highway and the Light Horse interchange, continuing north, it leads to Minchinbury and follows alongside Rooty Hill Road up to Dean Park at an exit with Rooty Hill Road North and Richmond Road. It is 4 lanes for its entire length, the Light Horse Interchange is the junction of the M4 and M7 motorways. The stack interchange is the largest of its type in the southern hemisphere and it was named in honour of an Australian World War One formation, the Australian Light Horse. The Westlink was built as a tolled, gateless motorway employing electronic payment. The toll was originally 29.91 cents per kilometre, capped after 20 kilometres at $5.98, on 1 April 2006, this increased to 30.07 cents per kilometre, capped after 20 kilometres at $6.01. As of 2015, the toll was 38.31 cents per kilometre, capped at $7.66, Freeways in Australia Freeways in Sydney M7 cycleway Westlink M7 Official Site Ozroads Westlink M7 page
8. Eastern Distributor – The Eastern Distributor is a 6-kilometre long motorway in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia which is 75. 1% owned by toll road operator Transurban. Part of the M1, it links the Sydney central business district with the Airport, the centre-piece is a 1.7 km tunnel running from Woolloomooloo to Surry Hills. The motorway is tolled in one direction with the toll plazas at Woolloomooloo, as of February 2017, the toll for cars/motorbikes is $6.95 and $13.90 for other vehicles. The toll will be removed in 2048 when the contract held by Airport Motorway Limited expires and this motorway is part of the 110-kilometre Sydney Orbital Network. For about half its length, it is in a trench inside South Dowling Street, the motorway provides a southbound exit for Lachlan Street/Dacey Avenue, a northbound exit for Cleveland Street, northbound entrance ramp from Cleveland Street and connections to William Street. There are also connection to the Cross City Tunnel, giving motorists direct connections under the city to the Western Distributor, there are also northbound/southbound entry/exits to Moore Park Road and Anzac Parade. Southbound motorists were later found to be entering the Eastern Distributor from the Cross City Tunnel access point, permanent traffic obstacles are now in place to prevent this and users are now referred to the Lachlan Street/Dacey Avenue exit instead. The need for an Eastern Distributor was first talked about in 1951 and it was not until the election of the state Labor government in 1995, led by premier Bob Carr that the project was initiated. At 6 kilometres in length, the Eastern Distributor was built to link the Sydney central business district with Sydney Airport via the already existing Southern Cross Drive and it was designed to ease congestion and to reduce the time to travel from the city to the airport. Construction involved 5,000 workers and was undertaken by Leighton Contractors for Airport Motorway Limited, privately built, the Eastern Distributor is also privately owned and operated by Transurban, with state government planning, support and management during construction. The term of private ownership is 48 years after which the road will revert to government ownership on 23 July 2048, two separate tunnel subcontractors began excavating the northbound tunnel in January 1996, working at either of the tunnel—that is, Surry Hills and Woolloomooloo. Seven roadheaders were utilised for the boring, with the rock ceiling then reinforced with rock bolts. On 4 December 1998 the two teams were shaking hands in the middle–30 metres beneath Taylor Square. Actual construction started in August 1997 and by March 1999 all digging was complete, after 400,000 cubic metres of soil, the unique double-deck, three lanes per direction design comprises a large, single tunnel excavation. At mid-height through the excavation, a precast concrete ledge forms the base of the northbound tunnel, as a result, only one tunnel roof was created with the lower southbound carriageway built in a slot. In the main tunnel there is a length of 0. The tunnels claim to fame at the time it was built was that at 24.5 metres across at its widest point and this point occurs where the William Street on ramp tunnel merges with the main tunnel. At 14 metres, the tunnel is also notably large from the ceiling to the floor and this is a history of the toll charges, Freeways in Australia Freeways in Sydney Official Site Roam Express Eastern Distributor Toll prices Web Cam Eastern Distributor on Google Maps
9. M5 Motorway (Sydney) – The M5 Motorway is a 30-kilometre-long motorway located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia that is designated with the M5 route and forms part of the Sydney Orbital Network. The M5 route number comprises two parts, separately owned and operated. The original section that opened in 1992 is titled M5 South-West Motorway and is a road operated by Interlink Roads. Its southwestern terminus is south of an interchange near Prestons where the M5 meets the Westlink M7, the M5 South-West Motorway eastern terminus is located 20 kilometres to the east at an exit junction with King Georges Road at Beverly Hills. The M5 continues east as the 10-kilometre-long and untolled NSW Government-owned M5 East Motorway that includes substantial tunnels, a third section of the motorway, referred to as the New M5, is in the approval phase for a mid-2016 construction commencement. The M5 South-West Motorway replaces the Hume Highway as the route from Liverpool to the Sydney CBD. In the 1980s the Hume Highway ended at Crossroads, just before Liverpool and this stretch of freeway was previously known as South Western Freeway designated F5. From then on, to proceed to the city, the alternatives were either Liverpool Road or Newbridge Road via Bankstown, both routes have many traffic lights and are frequently heavily congested. An initial stretch of the motorway was built in the mid-1980s to link Heathcote Road at Moorebank, although built as dual carriageway at near freeway standard, this initial stage included a traffic light controlled, at-grade intersection at Moorebank Avenue. After years of proposals and political promises, a constructed and operated motorway – the M5 South-West Motorway – was built under a Build-Operate-Transfer agreement. It was constructed on a publicly owned freeway reservation, between the road at Heathcote Road, Moorebank, to King Georges Road, Beverly Hills. Privately operated by Interlink Roads, the South-West Motorway is tolled at Hammondville, regular users of the motorway can claim a rebate from the state government for the cost of the toll, excluding GST, as part of an 1995 election commitment by former Premier Bob Carr. Metroad 5 was introduced in late 1992 along with other Metroads and was signed in February 1993, the South-West Motorway from Beverly Hills to Moorebank and Crossroads to Campbelltown, Hume Highway from Moorebank to Crossroads, were allocated Metroad 5. When the Casula bypass opened in 1994, the Hume Highway section of Metroad 5 was realigned to the bypass and the entire South-West Motorway therefore had the route allocation of Metroad 5. As part of the construction of the M5 East, the eastern single laned section of the South-West Motorway was widened to a full 4 lanes, however, the at-grade intersection at Moorebank Avenue still remained, posing a constraint on traffic flow. Between 2012 and 2014, the motorway was widened to three lanes in each direction, construction was commenced in August 1998 and the M5 East was opened in December 2001. Metroad 5 from Beverly Hills to the CBD, originally via Hume and Great Western Highway, was rerouted on the M5 East Freeway, most congestion problems occur at the western end of the main tunnel, which is long and steep. An addition lane for slow traffic begins at the tunnel exit for a short distance, to remove slow
10. M2 Hills Motorway – The M2 Hills Motorway is a tollway in north-western Sydney, Australia, owned by toll road operator Transurban. It forms part of Sydneys M2 route and the 110 km Sydney Orbital Network, West of Pennant Hills Road, the M2 is also part of the National Highway. The M2 uses a cashless tolling system, where tolls are charged on the basis of vehicles being either Class 2 or Class 4, the current maximum toll payable is $6.68 for Class 2 vehicles and $20.03 for Class 4 vehicles. Road approaches from Sydneys western suburbs were originally slow and traffic passed through Parramatta and to the city centre via Victoria Road and Western Freeway. Proposals for a North West Freeway which followed the route of the current M2 from Epping Road to Seven Hills were released in 1962, an F1 Freeway which was intended to link to the Northern Beaches, via Roseville Bridge, and not to the Hills district was also cancelled. The Gore Hill Freeway and Lane Cove Tunnel were not part of original plan. Parramatta was bypassed in 1986, however peak hour traffic still clogged up Victoria Road, land for the F2 freeway was purchased by NSW Government in 1988 and the road from Gladesville Bridge to Hunters Hill was built to freeway-style standards. However, a Commission of Inquiry for Environment and Planning set up in July 1990 and chaired by John Woodward, the Government then entered into an agreement with Hills Motorway Limited to build and operate the M2 for 45 years, before ownership will revert to the government. The motorway pioneered the use of electronic tolling in Australia, the road included a two lane busway between Windsor Road to Beecroft Road with a connection to Epping Train Station. There was dedicated access ramps for buses, which was removed in 2012 during road works to widen the motorway, there were also fears the bus lanes might be removed in the future to provide additional capacity for private vehicles. Freeway Busters was one of the groups that organised protests, including two Cyclestormings of the site by hundreds of cyclists. After the motorway opened, cyclists also protested the toll which the operators charged cyclists by occupying the toll plaza and this protest was successful and the toll was subsequently dropped. The motorway was opened on 26 May 1997 by Sandra Schaap and it was acquired by Transurban in 2006 after a successful takeover bid. Transurban then acquired Tollaust, which managed the tolls for the road, the Westlink M7, which links the M2 Hills Motorway at Seven Hills), opened on 16 December 2005 and runs to the M5 South Western Motorway at Prestons. The Lane Cove Tunnel, which linked the M2 at Lane Cove and it carries about 50,000 vehicles per day on the Sydney Orbital Network. A third traffic lane westbound between the Lane Cove Road and Beecroft Road interchanges which utilises a former cycling/breakdown lane opened in April 2007, a speed camera to enforce the 70 km/h limit was introduced on the westbound carriageway just before the Epping/Norfolk Road tunnel. Tolling became fully cashless with no toll booths 30 January 2012, there was no provision for northbound traffic from Lane Cove Road to enter the motorway eastbound, nor for westbound motorway traffic to exit at Lane Cove Road. Freeways in Australia Freeways in Sydney The Hills Motorway Hills M2 - Roam Express Web Cam F3 to Sydney Orbital route study RTA Hills M2 Motorway
11. Bradfield Highway (Sydney) – The Bradfield Highway is a highway in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. At 2.5 kilometres long it is one of the shortest highways in Australia, the highway was opened on 19 March 1932 and was named in honour of Dr John Bradfield. Amid some controversy, Bradfield was also considered to be the co-designer of the arch design, along with Dorman Long. Prior to the construction of the Warringah Freeway in 1968, all traffic at the terminus of the Bradfield Highway was directed to or from the Pacific Highway. The Bradfield Highway currently carries six lanes of traffic across the eight lane Sydney Harbour Bridge, the other two traffic lanes on the Sydney Harbour Bridge are used for the Cahill Expressway, which run only southbound on the bridge. During peak periods three out of the six lanes are reversed, giving a 2 ×4,3 ×3 or 5 ×1 flow, the default is 4 ×2, being four north lanes and two south lanes. The direction of the lanes is indicated by electronic signage above each lane, the lanes are numbered one to six from west to east. In 2001,159,587 vehicles a day used the highway, in August 1992 the Sydney Harbour Tunnel opened which helped to relieve congestion on the Bradfield Highway. The Bradfield Highway is a stock route. A road toll is levied on all vehicles travelling across the Sydney Harbour Bridge, a toll also applies for vehicles travelling in the same direction using the Sydney Harbour Tunnel. Australian Roads portal De Berquelle, Raymond, the recently completed Bradfield Highway, North Sydney, New South Wales