Category:Highways in Sydney
Pages in category "Highways in Sydney"
The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Bradfield Highway (Sydney) – The Bradfield Highway is a highway in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. At 2.5 kilometres long it is one of the shortest highways in Australia, the highway was opened on 19 March 1932 and was named in honour of Dr John Bradfield. Amid some controversy, Bradfield was also considered to be the co-designer of the arch design, along with Dorman Long. Prior to the construction of the Warringah Freeway in 1968, all traffic at the terminus of the Bradfield Highway was directed to or from the Pacific Highway. The Bradfield Highway currently carries six lanes of traffic across the eight lane Sydney Harbour Bridge, the other two traffic lanes on the Sydney Harbour Bridge are used for the Cahill Expressway, which run only southbound on the bridge. During peak periods three out of the six lanes are reversed, giving a 2 ×4,3 ×3 or 5 ×1 flow, the default is 4 ×2, being four north lanes and two south lanes. The direction of the lanes is indicated by electronic signage above each lane, the lanes are numbered one to six from west to east. In 2001,159,587 vehicles a day used the highway, in August 1992 the Sydney Harbour Tunnel opened which helped to relieve congestion on the Bradfield Highway. The Bradfield Highway is a stock route. A road toll is levied on all vehicles travelling across the Sydney Harbour Bridge, a toll also applies for vehicles travelling in the same direction using the Sydney Harbour Tunnel. Australian Roads portal De Berquelle, Raymond, the recently completed Bradfield Highway, North Sydney, New South Wales
2. Cahill Expressway – The Cahill Expressway is an urban freeway in Sydney and was the first freeway constructed in Australia, opening to traffic in 1958. It starts from the Eastern Distributor and Cross City Tunnel in Woolloomooloo and it then runs on an elevated section across the northern edge of the Sydney CBD at Circular Quay, and then across the Sydney Harbour Bridge to North Sydney. It connects there to the Warringah Freeway and it is named after the then New South Wales Premier John Joseph Cahill, who also approved construction of the Sydney Opera House. While being a link in the Sydney road system, it is generally not well loved by Sydneysiders. The expressway was first proposed in 1945 as part of an overall plan for Sydney. Public opposition began when the proposal was first made public in 1948, despite the opposition, construction on the elevated section of the expressway went ahead in 1955. Funding was provided by the Sydney Council and the NSW Government, work on the sunken section commenced almost straight away after that, and the additional section was opened on 1 March 1962. In June 2013, the Expressway was temporarily renamed the Tim Cahill Expressway in honour of Socceroo Tim Cahill, the expressway forms a vital link between Sydneys eastern and northern suburbs, by connecting the Eastern Distributor to the Sydney Harbour Bridge and Sydney Harbour Tunnel. It allows travel directly from the airport to the suburbs without traffic signals. The traffic on the section was also reduced by half following the opening of the Sydney Harbour tunnel in 1992. The elevated section is a deck, with the top deck carrying cars. The station provides access to the Sydney Opera House and the Royal Botanical Gardens. The westbound lanes dip underneath the Harbour Bridge approach road, before forming a large spiral circling the Sydney Observatory to join to the Bridge in a confined space. The expressway has a walkway next to the traffic lanes, where great views of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. It is accessible by stairs from Macquarie St, or an elevator near Circular Quay railway station, the walkway connects with the Sydney Harbour Bridge walkway. The Roads & Traffic Authority offers tickets to view the New Years Eve fireworks from the Cahill Expressway deck through a competition, the Cahill Expressway was controversial from day one. This was an example of freeway revolt. The Sydney Morning Herald writer Elizabeth Farrelly described the freeway as doggedly symmetrical, profoundly deadpan, the sunken section of the expressway runs between the Royal Botanical Gardens and The Domain, key green spaces in Sydney
3. City West Link – City West Link is a link road in Sydney, Australia. It makes up a section of the A4 between Leichhardt, Haberfield and Five Dock, as such, it provides an alternative route to Parramatta Road into Sydneys CBD from the Inner-West. It is part of the A4 corridor, motorists began complaining early in 2004 that the road had already become congested, less than four years after opening. The road ultimately feeds into Parramatta Road, thus congestion points on Parramatta Road have simply moved to different areas rather than relieved altogether. The City West Link, much to the disappointment of some residents, simply involved the upgrade of existing roads. The process was carried out in four stages, Stage One, Stage Two, Upgrades from The Crescent at Rozelle to Catherine Street at Lilyfield, using Brenan Street. This section used a temporary one-way system to deliver traffic to Lilyfield Road, Stage Three, Dobroyd Parade and Wattle Street reconstruction was completed, providing four lanes between Parramatta Road and Hawthorne Canal, parallel to Iron Cove and Iron Cove Creek. Stage Four, Extended the road from Catherine Street to Dobroyd Parade, a new bridge was constructed over Hawthorne Canal. The City West Link then became part of Metroad 4, relieving a congested section of Parramatta Road, in 2005, a major bottleneck at the eastern end was removed. Previously eastbound traffic on the link had to merge from two lanes into one, just before joining Victoria Road west of the Anzac Bridge, there are now two lanes from the west link merging with the three from Victoria Road, to make four lanes over the Anzac Bridge. The project is in ways very similar to the South Eastern Arterial link in Melbourne. That road was built between two freeways and ultimately had to be rebuilt without traffic signalled at-grade intersections, like so many other new road projects in Sydney, the available land space and cash resources available lead to either too few traffic lanes or at-grade intersections. The Roads & Traffic Authority had plans to connect the City West Link to the M4 motorway, included in the project was the removal of the at-grade intersections on the City West Link for through traffic. The plan was complicated, and involved building bridges for the City West Link Road to pass over at-grade intersections, residents and advocacy groups voiced fears that this would worsen current congestion problems. The whole project was cancelled in late 2004 and later superseded by WestConnex that will involve a tunnel being built, australian Roads portal Live Traffic NSW camera
4. Eastern Distributor – The Eastern Distributor is a 6-kilometre long motorway in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia which is 75. 1% owned by toll road operator Transurban. Part of the M1, it links the Sydney central business district with the Airport, the centre-piece is a 1.7 km tunnel running from Woolloomooloo to Surry Hills. The motorway is tolled in one direction with the toll plazas at Woolloomooloo, as of February 2017, the toll for cars/motorbikes is $6.95 and $13.90 for other vehicles. The toll will be removed in 2048 when the contract held by Airport Motorway Limited expires and this motorway is part of the 110-kilometre Sydney Orbital Network. For about half its length, it is in a trench inside South Dowling Street, the motorway provides a southbound exit for Lachlan Street/Dacey Avenue, a northbound exit for Cleveland Street, northbound entrance ramp from Cleveland Street and connections to William Street. There are also connection to the Cross City Tunnel, giving motorists direct connections under the city to the Western Distributor, there are also northbound/southbound entry/exits to Moore Park Road and Anzac Parade. Southbound motorists were later found to be entering the Eastern Distributor from the Cross City Tunnel access point, permanent traffic obstacles are now in place to prevent this and users are now referred to the Lachlan Street/Dacey Avenue exit instead. The need for an Eastern Distributor was first talked about in 1951 and it was not until the election of the state Labor government in 1995, led by premier Bob Carr that the project was initiated. At 6 kilometres in length, the Eastern Distributor was built to link the Sydney central business district with Sydney Airport via the already existing Southern Cross Drive and it was designed to ease congestion and to reduce the time to travel from the city to the airport. Construction involved 5,000 workers and was undertaken by Leighton Contractors for Airport Motorway Limited, privately built, the Eastern Distributor is also privately owned and operated by Transurban, with state government planning, support and management during construction. The term of private ownership is 48 years after which the road will revert to government ownership on 23 July 2048, two separate tunnel subcontractors began excavating the northbound tunnel in January 1996, working at either of the tunnel—that is, Surry Hills and Woolloomooloo. Seven roadheaders were utilised for the boring, with the rock ceiling then reinforced with rock bolts. On 4 December 1998 the two teams were shaking hands in the middle–30 metres beneath Taylor Square. Actual construction started in August 1997 and by March 1999 all digging was complete, after 400,000 cubic metres of soil, the unique double-deck, three lanes per direction design comprises a large, single tunnel excavation. At mid-height through the excavation, a precast concrete ledge forms the base of the northbound tunnel, as a result, only one tunnel roof was created with the lower southbound carriageway built in a slot. In the main tunnel there is a length of 0. The tunnels claim to fame at the time it was built was that at 24.5 metres across at its widest point and this point occurs where the William Street on ramp tunnel merges with the main tunnel. At 14 metres, the tunnel is also notably large from the ceiling to the floor and this is a history of the toll charges, Freeways in Australia Freeways in Sydney Official Site Roam Express Eastern Distributor Toll prices Web Cam Eastern Distributor on Google Maps
5. Great Western Highway – The Great Western Highway is a 201-kilometre-long state highway in New South Wales, Australia. From east to west, the highway links Sydney with Bathurst, the eastern terminus of the Great Western Highway is west of Railway Square near the southern fringe of the Sydney CBD where Broadway reaches its western terminus. At Leonay, the M4 Western Motorway reconnects with the Great Western Highway and it intersects at Mount Victoria with the Darling Causeway which heads north to connect with the Bells Line of Road. At numerous points along its journey, the highway transverses or is transversed by the Main Western railway line, Major river crossings occur east of Emu Plains, near Wallerawang, and east of Bathurst. It consists of two of Australias most historic roads - the greater length of Parramatta Road, and the length of the Great Western Road. Initial travel between Sydney and the settlement of Parramatta was by water along the Parramatta River, sometime between 1789 and 1791 an overland track was made to provide an official land route between the two settlements. Parramatta Road dates to the 1792 formation of a route linking Sydney to the settlement of Parramatta, Parramatta Road became one of the colonys most important early roadways, and for many years remained one of Sydneys premier thoroughfares. By 1810, Parramatta Road had officially open to traffic and was financed during a portion of the 1800s by a toll, with toll booths located at what now is Sydney University. From Parramatta to Penrith, a road along the 2013 alignment of the Great Western Highway was constructed soon after completion of the Sydney-Parramatta Road, Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth travelled as far west as the point they named Mount Blaxland,25 kilometres southwest of where Lithgow now stands. Macquarie then despatched Surveyor George Evans to follow Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworths route, Evans travelled west until he reached the Fish River, and followed it downstream until he reached the site of Bathurst. Within a year, Macquarie commissioned William Cox to construct a road west from Emu Plains, following Evans route, Macquarie himself travelled across it soon after completion, established and named Bathurst, and named the road the Great Western Road. The section of the Great Western Road as far west as Mount Victoria, west of Mount Victoria, Evans route has been superseded, chiefly by Mitchells new route constructed between 1832 and 1836. This was deviated in the 1920s to follow the present route, at Mount Victoria, at the western edge of the Blue Mountains, the route of Coxs road turned north to Mount York, from where it descended into the Hartley Valley. This pass was the piece of engineering on the original route. From the foot of Mount York the road resumed its westerly direction to where Hartley now stands, however, most of this route remains in existence as a series of local roads. The original route had only been in existence for eight years when, in 1823 and this route turned north 2 kilometres south of OConnell to run northwest to where Kelso is now located, then west across the Macquarie River into Bathurst. The section from south of OConnell to Kelso is now part of the Bathurst-Oberon Road, when Major Thomas Mitchell was appointed as Surveyor-General in 1828, one of the first matters to which he turned his attention was the improvement of the Great Western Road. Mitchells attention was focussed on providing a direct and easily graded route for the Great Western Road
6. James Ruse Drive – The James Ruse Drive is a 6. 7-kilometre-long urban highway located to the east and north of Parramatta, in western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The road passes through six interchanges, with the Great Western Highway, the M4 Western Motorway, Victoria Road, Kissing Point Road, Pennant Hills Road. The road was completed in 1979 and named in honour of James Ruse, a convict who was land in the Parramatta district. The original Experiment Farm Cottage still exists on Ruse Street, Parramatta and it has been allocated several route numbers, as follows, State route 53, State Route 77, State route 55, Metroad 7, State route 40 and A40. The formerly Metroad 7 section of James Ruse Drive was commissioned A28 in May 2013, highways in New South Wales Rosehill to Clyde – James Ruse Drive