They were built by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. from 1926 to 1928 to provide housing for African Americans, the first project of its kind. The buildings were designed by architect Andrew J. Thomas and were named in honor of the noted African American poet Paul Laurence Dunbar, the complex consists of six separate buildings with a total of 511 apartments and occupies an entire city block. The buildings center around a garden courtyard, with each building U-shaped so that every apartment receives easy air flow. The Dunbar is considered the first large garden-complex in Manhattan, the complex was designated a New York City Landmark in 1970, and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. The Dunbar Apartments were constructed as an experiment in housing reform, to alleviate the shortage in Harlem. Rather than being set up as rental apartments, the complex was a housing cooperative, tenants were required to pay a down payment of $50 per room, and $14.50 per room per month, much of which went towards a mortgage on the space.
In 22 years, if payments were all made on time, the project was both the first large cooperative aimed at African Americans, and New York Citys first large garden apartment complex. The original tenants were primarily middle class, and inexpensive childcare was provided on-site to support working mothers, the building opened in 1928, and the Great Depression began just a year later. The management of the complex was forced to loosen a number of rules in order to allow people to, for example. Even so, too many tenants failed to make their payments and he foreclosed in 1936, and a year the buildings were converted to rental units. In June 2013, the Dunbar Apartments were sold to the Brooklyn-based developer E&M Associates, plans were set in motion to upgrade the facilities and establish the Dunbar as one of the premier upscale complexes in Upper Manhattan. The contract was acquired by Samuel Berry and Andrew Melohn of Douglas Elliman working in conjunction with Fredrik Eklund, noted personalities to live in the Dunbar include leaders of the Civil Rights Movement such as W. E. B.
Du Bois, Paul Robeson, and A, philip Randolph, entertainer Bill Bojangles Robinson, poet Countee Cullen, and the explorer Matthew Henson. List of New York City Landmarks National Register of Historic Places listings in New York County, New York Notes Bibliography Tritter, the Growth and Decline of Harlems Housing in Afro-Americans in New York Life and History A. Philip Randolph, labor leader, civil rights leader National Park Service – Historic places of the civil rights movement Historic American Buildings Survey No. NY-5697, Dunbar Apartments,246 West 150th Street, New York, New York County, nY-5697-A, Dunbar Apartments, Matthew Henson Apartment,7 photos,4 data pages,1 photo caption page
Clinton House (Ithaca, New York)
The Clinton House is a historic building located in downtown Ithaca, New York. It is built primarily in the Greek Revival style, common in buildings in Ithaca. It currently houses offices and a charter school. It is directly adjacent to the Ithaca Commons and it was named for DeWitt Clinton, governor of New York from 1817–1822 and again from 1824–1827. At least four U. S. presidents have stayed in its rooms, the Clinton House was built in 1831, which was during the Greek Revival Stage of America. The columns out front and the windows and doors are sure signs of the style. Today, The Clinton house houses many offices and the New Roots Charter School. List of Registered Historic Places in New York List of places named for DeWitt Clinton Historic Ithaca Buildings Historic American Buildings Survey No. NY-5723, Clinton House,120 North Cayuga Street, Tompkins County, NY,20 photos,1 color transparency,2 photo caption pages
The Champlain Canal is a 60-mile canal that connects the south end of Lake Champlain to the Hudson River in New York. It was simultaneously constructed with the Erie Canal and is now part of the New York State Canal System, the canal was proposed in 1812 and construction authorized in 1817. By 1818,12 miles were completed, and in 1819 the canal was opened from Fort Edward to Lake Champlain, the canal was officially opened on September 10,1823. It was a financial success, and carried substantial commercial traffic until the 1970s. Today, the barge canal provides a convenient route from the Atlantic Ocean. The canal begins about 3 miles north of the locks at the Troy Federal Dam, at the point where the Erie Canal splits from the Hudson River. The Champlain Canal follows the Hudson River north for approximately 35 miles, with six locks providing navigation around dams on the Hudson River, until it reaches lock C-7 in Fort Edward, New York. At this point, the canal follows a channel for approximately 25 miles, with five additional locks, bringing the canal to the southern end of Lake Champlain at Whitehall.
By traveling the length of Lake Champlain, boaters can access the Chambly Canal, the following list of locks is provided for the current canal, from south to north. There are a total of 11 locks on the Champlain Canal and they can accommodate a vessel up to 300 feet long and 43.5 feet wide. Overall sidewall height will vary by lock, ranging between 28 feet and 61 feet depending on the lift and navigable stages, There is no Lock C10 on the Champlain Canal. The place of Lock E1 on the passage from the lower Hudson River to Lake Erie is taken by the Troy Federal Lock, located just north of Troy, New York and it is operated by the United States Army Corps of Engineers. The Champlain Canal officially begins at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers at Waterford, distance is based on position markers from an interactive canal map provided online by the New York State Canal Corporation and may not exactly match specifications on signs posted along the canal. Mean surface elevations are comprised from a combination of older canal profiles, the margin of error should normally be within 6 inches.
Note, The Champlain Canal breaks off the Hudson River just before Lock C7 at Fort Edward, Lake Champlain has a mean surface elevation ranging between 95 feet and 100 feet, with an average elevation of around 97 feet. The lake officially begins on its end at Whitehall. NY-6121, Champlain & Hudson Canal Historic American Engineering Record No, nY-14, Champlain Canal, Waterford Locks HAER No. NY-184, Saunders Street Bridge, spanning Champlain Canal HAER No
Susan B. Anthony House
Anthony House, in Rochester, New York, was the home of Susan B. Anthony for forty years, while she was a figure in the womens rights movement. She was arrested in the front parlor after attempting to vote in the 1872 Presidential Election and she resided here until her death. The house was purchased for use as a memorial in 1945 and it has been documented in the Historic American Buildings Survey. Anthony House is located at 17 Madison Street in Rochester, access to the house is through the Susan B. Anthony Museum entrance at 19 Madison Street, Anthony House is a learning center and museum open to the public for tours and programs from 11-5 Tuesday through Sunday, except major holidays. Its full name is the National Susan B, the Visitor Center and Museum Shop are located in the historic house next door,19 Madison Street, which was owned by Hannah Anthony Mosher, sister of Susan and Mary Anthony. The mission of the Susan B, Anthony House is to keep Susan B. The house hosts a celebration of Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Papers and memorabilia about the movement were donated to the house at the request of Carrie Chapman Catt. Anthonys successor as President of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and they are held by the River Campus Libraries of the University of Rochester. Votes For Women History Trail Timeline of womens suffrage Womens suffrage Womens suffrage in the United States Official website National Susan B, Anthony Museum House on Google Cultural Institute Historic American Buildings Survey No. Anthony House,17 Madison Street, Monroe County, NY,7 photos,1 photo caption page
Erie Canal Museum
The Erie Canal Museum is a historical museum about the Erie Canal, located in Syracuse, New York. The museum was founded in 1962 and is a private, non-profit corporation and it is housed in a weigh lock building dating from 1850, where canal boats used to be weighed when travelling through Syracuse on the canal. The museum includes a gallery of present canal life, the museums Weighlock Building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. The Weighlock Building was constructed in 1850 and was known by 1940 as the State Department of Public Works, since 1962, the building has been occupied by the Erie Canal Museum. Market Building was built in a canal basin which extended south from the Weighlock Building in East Water Street. The building was intended as a center for meat dealers. Later, the building was repurposed for city offices and as a place for the public. The front of the building was occupied by a small, fenced grass plot, Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor New York State Canalway Trail Old Erie Canal State Historic Park Official website Historic American Buildings Survey No.
NY-5451, Weighlock Building, Erie Boulevard East & Montgomery Street, Onondaga County, New York,19 photos,2 data pages,2 photo caption pages
It was built using indigenous stone in 1700 by Daniel DeClark, a Hollander, who emigrated to America in 1676. The date is marked in glazed bricks along the façade, in 1746, West Indies planter Patriot Johannes DeWint and his spouse Antje Dewint bought the house. His daughter, Anna Maria, and her husband, Major Fredericus Blauvelt, the DeWint House became a temporary headquarters of Commander-in-Chief George Washington during the American Revolution. General George Washington was a guest in the south parlor twice in 1780, the Washington Room at the DeWint House is a National Masonic Historic Site. 1780 Washington stayed at the Dewint House while inspecting a redoubt on the Hudson, Major John André was held in the old 76 House in Tappan, a tavern, which is now a restaurant. General George Washington provided meals from his table at the DeWint House to Major John André at the 76 House, a stone on André Hill Road at Gallows Hill marks the site of Andrés hanging. It was said to have been a friendly conference combined with an elegant dinner, samuel Fraunces came up to prepare the dinner for Washington and his guest.
1783 – a terrible snowstorm forced Washington to the DeWint house on his trip to visit West Point, the property was acquired by the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of New York in 1932. The site was declared a National Historic Landmark and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1966, the site has undergone extensive restoration and upgrading. The houses two rooms have been restored and furnished to reflect the period of Washingtons occupancy. A fully functioning replica kitchen, as General George Washington would have known it while he was a guest of the DeWints, was completed in 1996. An adjacent 19th-century carriage house displays of artifacts uncovered at the site during archaeological digs, as wells as items related to Washington, André and Arnold. A stone mill is displayed nearby and at the rear of house stand 7-initialed headstones which came from a nearby property and it is believed these headstones marked where the slaves of that home were buried.
The DeWint House along with Stony Point Battlefield in Stony Point, today The DeWint House, Carriage House and the surrounding grounds are open to the public without fee, 10AM – 4PM daily except for Thanksgiving and Christmas
New York (state)
New York is a state in the northeastern United States, and is the 27th-most extensive, fourth-most populous, and seventh-most densely populated U. S. state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut and Vermont to the east. With an estimated population of 8.55 million in 2015, New York City is the most populous city in the United States, the New York Metropolitan Area is one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. New York City makes up over 40% of the population of New York State, two-thirds of the states population lives in the New York City Metropolitan Area, and nearly 40% lives on Long Island. Both the state and New York City were named for the 17th-century Duke of York, the next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany. New York has a diverse geography and these more mountainous regions are bisected by two major river valleys—the north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley, which forms the core of the Erie Canal.
Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes Region and straddles Lake Ontario, between the two lakes lies Niagara Falls. The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York. The first Europeans to arrive were French colonists and Jesuit missionaries who arrived southward from settlements at Montreal for trade, the British annexed the colony from the Dutch in 1664. The borders of the British colony, the Province of New York, were similar to those of the present-day state, New York is home to the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom and opportunity. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance. On April 17,1524 Verrazanno entered New York Bay, by way of the now called the Narrows into the northern bay which he named Santa Margherita.
Verrazzano described it as a vast coastline with a delta in which every kind of ship could pass and he adds. This vast sheet of water swarmed with native boats and he landed on the tip of Manhattan and possibly on the furthest point of Long Island. Verrazannos stay was interrupted by a storm which pushed him north towards Marthas Vineyard, in 1540 French traders from New France built a chateau on Castle Island, within present-day Albany, due to flooding, it was abandoned the next year. In 1614, the Dutch under the command of Hendrick Corstiaensen, rebuilt the French chateau, Fort Nassau was the first Dutch settlement in North America, and was located along the Hudson River, within present-day Albany. The small fort served as a trading post and warehouse, located on the Hudson River flood plain, the rudimentary fort was washed away by flooding in 1617, and abandoned for good after Fort Orange was built nearby in 1623. Henry Hudsons 1609 voyage marked the beginning of European involvement with the area, sailing for the Dutch East India Company and looking for a passage to Asia, he entered the Upper New York Bay on September 11 of that year
Bath VA Medical Center
Bath VA Medical Center is a U. S. Veterans Administration hospital located in Bath, Steuben County, New York, affiliated with the University of Rochester School of Medicine, it provides secondary care and operates clinics in Elmira and Wellsville, New York, and Coudersport and Mansfield, Pennsylvania. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2013, the original hospital was established in 1877 by the Grand Army of the Republic. The property was transferred to the State in 1878, greatly expanded and it initially housed disabled New York veterans of the American Civil War, but, as the men aged, it became largely a geriatric facility. The number of residents peaked at 2,143 in 1907, by 1928, the number of residents had fallen to 192. Veterans of the Spanish–American War and World War I were treated at the facility, more than 32,000 veterans received treatment between 1879 and 1932. Adjacent to the home is Bath National Cemetery, where many of its residents are buried, the federal government took over operations in 1929, and renamed it the Bath Branch of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers.
Veterans Administration was created in 1930, and the hospital and its grounds were deeded over to it in 1932, the modern medical center is mostly an outpatient facility. It has a capacity of 440 beds, and provides services to more than 12,000 veterans, robert E. Yott, From Soldiers Home to Medical Center ISBN9780976883210. New York State Soldiers & Sailors Home from HABS
Central Troy Historic District
The Central Troy Historic District is an irregularly shaped, 96-acre area of downtown Troy, New York, United States. It has been described as one of the most perfectly preserved 19th-century downtowns in the with nearly 700 properties in a variety of styles from the early 19th to mid-20th centuries. These include most of Russell Sage College, one of two privately owned urban parks in New York, and two National Historic Landmarks, visitors ranging from the Duke de la Rochefoucauld to Philip Johnson have praised aspects of it. Martin Scorsese used parts of downtown Troy as a stand-in for 19th-century Manhattan in The Age of Innocence, in 1986, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places, superseding five smaller historic districts that had been listed on the Register in the early 1970s. Most of the buildings and objects within the district contribute to its historic character, two of Troys four National Historic Landmarks, the Gurley Building and Troy Savings Bank, are located within its boundaries.
Nine other buildings are listed on the Register in their own right, among the architects represented are Alexander Jackson Davis, George B. Post, Calvert Vaux and Frederick Clarke Withers, there are many buildings designed by the regionally significant architect Marcus F. Cummings. The downtown street plan was borrowed from Philadelphia, and one neighborhood, the district reflects Troys evolution from its origins as a Hudson River port into an early industrial center built around textile manufacture and steelmaking. During this period it was twice in the wake of two devastating fires, resulting in its mix of architecture styles. These efforts have paid off with increased attention from developers, the revival of much of the area, with the collaboration of nearby Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy is hoping to make the district a center for the development of cutting-edge technologies, a Silicon Valley of the 19th century. The district boundary was drawn to include the highest concentration of historic resources, the street plan dates to 1787 and the most recent historic building dates to 1940, making those years the period of significance.
All of the five historic districts are included in full, along with other historic neighborhoods. It is centered around the axes of US4 and NY2, Monument Square, the center of Troy since the late 19th century, along with all the buildings around it are located within its northwestern corner. At its western end it is bounded by the Hudson River. To the south it includes the buildings of Russell Sage College, Washington Square Park and the houses on Adams Street. The mostly regular southeastern boundary follows Clinton Street until it reaches Ferry, it becomes ragged and irregular, reaching the districts northernmost extent at the former Grand Street Historic District. This extension allows it to include as well the Gurley Building and its surrounding neighborhood, to the east of the district Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troys most notable institution of higher learning, is situated on a low rise overlooking downtown. RPI has played a role in the district in recent years
Community Place, in Skaneateles, New York, was built in 1830. It was photographed by the Historic American Buildings Survey in 1963 and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979 and it was a relatively successful Fourierist commune for three years. It is now known as Frog Pond and it is located south of Skaneateles Falls, New York, at 680 Sheldon Road. NY-6180, Community Place, Onondaga County, NY,2 photos,1 photo caption page
Clermont State Historic Site
The Clermont State Historic Site, known as the Clermont estate, the Clermont Manor or just Clermont, is a New York State Historic Site in southwestern Columbia County, New York, United States. It protects the former estate of the Livingston family, seven generations of whom lived on the site more than two centuries. The name Clermont derives from clear mountain in French and was inspired by the view of the Catskill Mountains across the Hudson River from the estate, the original house was built about 1740. Robert Livingston of Clermont died on June 27,1775 and the passed to his son, Robert. Judge Livingston was a member of the New York Provincial Assembly from 1759 to 1768 and he married Margaret Beekman, daughter of Colonel Henry Beekman. Their son, Robert R. Livingston, known as Chancellor, Judge Robert died about six months after his father, on December 9,1775. In October 1777, British ships sailed upriver from New York City in support of General John Burgoyne who was north of Albany and that same force had already stormed two forts in the Hudson Highlands and burned Kingston, New York.
Major General John Vaughan led a party to Clermont and burned Livingstons home because of the familys role in the rebellion. Margaret Beekman Livingston rebuilt the home between 1779 and 1782. Robert R. Livingston became the estates most prominent resident, Chancellor Livingston administered the oath of office to President George Washington, became Secretary of Foreign Affairs, and negotiated the Louisiana Purchase. He partnered with Robert Fulton in 1807, to creat the first commercially successful steamboat on the Hudson River, the North River Steamboat, the house is now a New York State Historic Site and was designated a United States National Historic Landmark in 1972. It is a property to another National Historic Landmark, the Hudson River Historic District. Although located in the town of Clermont, its address is in the nearby town of Germantown. List of National Historic Landmarks in New York List of New York State Historic Sites National Register of Historic Places listings in Columbia County, New York Dwyer, great Houses of the Hudson River.
Little and Company, in association with Historic Hudson Valley, nY-403, Clermont State Historic Site, Dutchess County, NY,11 photos,20 measured drawings,1 photo caption page HABS No. NY-403-A, Livingston Farm House,2 photos,1 measured drawing
Heritage Documentation Programs
These programs were established to document historic places in the United States. Records consist of measured drawings, archival photographs, and written reports, in 1933, NPS established the Historic American Buildings Survey following a proposal by Charles E. Peterson, a young landscape architect in the agency. It was founded as a constructive program for architects, draftsmen. Guided by field instructions from Washington, D. C. the first HABS recorders were tasked with documenting a representative sampling of Americas architectural heritage, by creating an archive of historic architecture, HABS provided a database of primary source material and documentation for the then-fledgling historic preservation movement. Earlier private projects included the White Pine Series of Architectural Monographs, notable HABS photographers include Jack Boucher, who worked for the project for over 40 years. The Historic American Engineering Record program was founded on January 10,1969, by NPS, HAER documents historic mechanical and engineering artifacts.
Since the advent of HAER, the program is typically called HABS/HAER. Today much of the work of HABS/HAER is done by student teams during the summer, eric DeLony headed HAER from 1971 to 2003. In October 2000, NPS and the American Society of Landscape Architects established a sister program, a predecessor, the Historic American Landscape and Garden Project, recorded historic Massachusetts gardens between 1935 and 1940. That project was funded by the Works Progress Administration, but was administered by HABS, the permanent collection of HABS/HAER/HALS are housed at the Library of Congress, which was established in 1790 as the replacement reference library of the United States Congress. It has since expanded to serve as the National Library of the United States, U. S. publishers are required to deposit a copy of every copyrighted and published work, book monograph. As a branch of the United States Government, its works are in the public domain in the US. Many images and documents are available through the Prints and Photographs Online Catalog, including proposed and existing structures, locales and designs.
Jack Boucher, former HABS/HAER photographer Jet Lowe, former HAER photographer National Register of Historic Places HAER,30 Years of Recording Our Technological Heritage, IA, The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology. Documenting Complexity, The Historic American Engineering Record and Americas Technological History, IA, The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology. National Park Service−NPS, official Heritage Documentation Programs website