Leonis Adobe, built in 1844, is one of the oldest surviving private residences in Los Angeles County and one of the oldest surviving buildings in the San Fernando Valley. Located in what is now Calabasas, the adobe was occupied by the wealthy rancher Miguel Leonis until his death. In 1961, the adobe had fallen victim to vandalism, and its owner applied for a permit to raze the structure, preservationists succeeded in having the adobe declared a Historic-Cultural Landmark in 1962. Leonis Adobe is known as one of the most haunted sites in Los Angeles County, the adobe was restored and is operated as a living museum. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975, the original portion of the adobe dates to 1844, but little is known about its use before it was acquired by Miguel Leonis. Some reports indicate that the served as a stagecoach stop on the Camino Real between Mission San Buenaventura and Mission San Fernando Rey de España. The adobe was acquired by Miguel Leonis in the 1850s or 1860s, Leonis was a bearded, 6-foot-4-inch native of the Basque region in the French Pyrenees.
He controlled much of the west end of the San Fernando Valley, the Adobe was built in stages and, by the 1870s, Leonis had extensively enlarged and remodeled the adobe into the Monterey Colonial-style mansion that remains today. He walled in the upper and lower porches to add more rooms and he added a Queen Anne-style veranda on the front of the house and paneled the walls of the living room. Leonis came to Southern California as an ignorant Basque sheep herder, the first land he acquired was the 1, 100-acre Rancho El Escorpión, in what is now the West Hills section of Los Angeles. He started as an employee at the ranch and bought half of the ranch from its owner when he became ill, the other half of the ranch was owned by a widowed mission Indian, Espiritu Chujilla. Leonis acquired Espiritus land by marrying her, though the marriage was denied by Leonis. He added to his holdings using the California homestead laws, wherever his livestock grazed, he built a shack and had one of his 100 employees become a tenant to support his claim under the homestead law.
To prevent competing homestead claims and his vaqueros were in constant conflict with squatters. In 1875, a conflict with a group of former Union soldiers who tried to settle on his lands led to two weeks of violence and killings, culminating in a battle in what is now Hidden Hills. It was said that at the time of his death, His flocks and herds ranged over a hundred hills, when he died he left an estate valued at approximately $1,000,000. In 1889, Leonis died from wounds suffered by falling off and being run over by his wagon near Cahuenga, the accident was said to have resulted from his unsteady condition after too free indulgence in sour wine. After his death, his will was read, identifying Espiritu Chujilla as his faithful housekeeper, the Los Angeles Times reported that the entire French population was surprised that he left such a small sum to the woman who has for nearly thirty years been considered his wife
Cornelia White House
The Cornelia White House is a historic 1893 wooden residential structure located in downtown Palm Springs, and is one of the oldest surviving structures – of any kind – in the town. The Palmdale Railroad was a narrow gauge short-line railroad in town. It ran along Palm Springs present-day Farrell Drive to the town site of Palmdale near the foot of Mount San Jacinto. The rail line was short-lived and had abandoned by 1893 due to lack of water. The Cornelia White House was built in 1893, and is entirely of recycled railroad ties taken from under the Palmdale Railroads tracks. The residence is named for its owner, Cornelia B. White, who was a pioneer of the Palm Springs area. Since 1961 the two structures, today known as the McCallum Adobe-Cornelia White House Museum, are directed by and the property of the Palm Springs Historical Society. The historic houses, with items of local history such as the earliest telephones in Palm Springs, are on display and open to the public to visit at 221 South Palm Canyon Drive.
List of heritage railways Francis F. Crocker, the story of Miss Cornelias little house. OCLC14997521 Official Palm Springs Historical Society website History of the Cornelia White House Howser, Palm Springs History Tour #1 – Visiting. Archived from the original on 2013-05-18, – With commentary by Frank Bogert, ends at the Moorten Botanical Garden
Hearst Castle is a National Historic Landmark and California Historical Landmark mansion located on the Central Coast of California, United States. It was designed by architect Julia Morgan, between 1919 and 1947, as a residence for newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, who died in 1951, in 1954 it became a California State Park. The site was opened to visitors in 1958, since that time it has been operated as the Hearst San Simeon State Historical Monument where the estate, and its considerable collection of art and antiques, is open for public tours. Despite its location far from any urban center, the site attracts millions of travelers each year, Hearst formally named the estate La Cuesta Encantada, but usually called it the ranch. Hearst Castle and grounds are sometimes referred to as San Simeon without distinguishing between the Hearst property and the adjacent unincorporated area of the same name. Invitations to Hearst Castle were highly coveted during its heyday in the 1920s and 1930s, the Hollywood and political elite often visited, usually flying into the estates airfield or taking a private Hearst-owned train car from Los Angeles.
While guests were expected to attend the formal dinners each evening, since the Ranch had so many facilities, guests were rarely at a loss for things to do. The estates theater usually screened films from Hearsts own movie studio, Hearst Castle was the inspiration for the Xanadu mansion of the 1941 Orson Welles film Citizen Kane, a fictionalization of William Randolph Hearsts career. Hearst Castle was not used as a location for the film, commercial filming is rare at Hearst Castle and most requests are turned down. U. Y. One condition of the Hearst Corporations donation of the estate was that the Hearst family would be allowed to use it when they wished. Patty Hearst, a granddaughter of William Randolph, related that as a child, the house is screened from tourist routes by a dense grove of eucalyptus to provide maximum privacy for the guests. In 2001, Patty Hearst hosted a Travel Channel show on the estate, Hearst Castle joined the National Register of Historic Places on June 22,1972 and became a United States National Historic Landmark on May 11,1976.
Hearst Castle was included as one of Americas 10 Amazing Castles by Forbes Travel. com, the estate itself is five miles inland atop a hill of the Santa Lucia Range at an altitude of 1,600 feet. The region is sparsely populated because the Santa Lucia Range abuts the Pacific Ocean, the surrounding countryside visible from the mansion remains largely undeveloped. Its entrance is approximately five miles north of Hearst San Simeon State Park, Hearst Castle was built on Rancho Piedra Blanca that William Randolph Hearsts father, George Hearst, originally purchased in 1865. The younger Hearst grew fond of this site over many childhood family camping trips and he inherited the ranch, which had grown to 250,000 acres and 14 miles of coastline, from his mother Phoebe Hearst in 1919. The Hearst Castle area has a mediterranean climate that is moderated by its relative proximity to the Pacific coastline. Hearst first approached American architect Julia Morgan with ideas for a new project in April 1915, I get tired of going up there and camping in tents
It is the largest botanical garden in Orange County, with a collection of over 4,000 plants. The Arboretum saves species that are extinct or near extinction and serves as a place for agricultural history. The Arboretum officially was created in 1976, and officially opened in 1979, the arboretum, which was originally a diseased orange grove, was transformed into organic gardening plots. A centerpiece of the Arboretum is the Heritage House, which was built in 1894 as the home and office of Fullertons pioneer physician, in 1972 the house was moved to what is now the middle of the Arboretum. The restored house now serves as a museum of family life, the Arboretums garden paths wander through four major collections, Woodlands and Desert Collections. The Arboretum gives people the opportunity to teach and learn about the environment and they work with students and faculty from a variety of different campus departments and gather information. The research that is done is shared throughout Orange County and they offer a variety of classes to the public with subjects ranging from bird watching to water conservation.
Students work in the Heritage house, learning from displays, the idea of creating an arboretum on the northern part of Orange State College’s campus, known as California State University Fullerton, came from Drs. David Walkington and Eugene Jones. This land had originally been an orange grove and suffered a disease called “quick decline, teri Jones, along with other faculty wives, worked together to find support for developing the land into an arboretum. The Arboretum Committee was formed and they won a Disneyland Community Service Award for its environmental efforts. The Associated Students of Cal State College started funding for the project in 1971, Students and faculty worked together to use the land for organic gardening plots to show the environmental values of organic gardening. The trees were cut down and roots were removed, in 1972, the idea of setting the land aside for a botanical garden came about. The Arboretum Society was formed and they started fundraisers on campus to build a botanical garden and they asked the City of Fullerton to assist with the future Fullerton Arboretum, in an attempt to gain official community support for the project.
The Trustees of the California State University system approved the planning of the garden at CSUF. The same year, a called the Friends of Fullerton Arboretum was created out of the Arboretum Society in order to begin development. The Friends organization became a tax-exempt, non-profit corporation that helped raise funds for the project, an architectural firm was hired in 1976 to draw schematics for the arboretum. In October 1977, the contractors for the project were awarded $621,000 to begin construction, december 11,1977 was the day the formal groundbreaking ceremony took place. The official opening occurred on October 21,1979
Hale House is a Queen Anne style Victorian mansion built in 1887 in the Highland Park section of northeast Los Angeles, California. It has been described as the most photographed house in the city. In 1966, it was declared a Historic Cultural Monument and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972, the house was relocated in 1970 to the Heritage Square Museum in Montecito Heights where it remains open to the public. Hale House was built in 1887 by real estate developer, George W. Morgan, at the foot of Mount Washington. Built at an original cost of less than $4,000, the house was situated at 4501 North Pasadena Avenue. It is believed to have associated with the old Page School for Girls which once stood directly across Avenue 44 from Hale House. The house was purchased by James and Bessie Hale in 1901, the Hales separated a few years after purchasing the house, and the house remained with Bessie. She operated the house as a house until the late 1950s. The house was inherited by Hales niece, Odena Johnson, who stated her desire to dispose of it as soon as possible, a column by noted Los Angeles Times columnist Jack Smith helped the preservation effort.
Smith called the old house one of the few remaining from the age of exuberance. … Because of its nature, the Hale house is said to embody, in one package, many architectural inventions of the late 19th century. Hales niece agreed to sell the house for $1 if it could be moved from the site, in July 1970, the house was lifted from its foundation and moved to the nearby Heritage Square Museum in Highland Park. The move cost $10,300 and an additional $3,000 to raise wires so the house could pass under, Jack Smith, who had been an advocate of the homes preservation, attended the midnight moving of the house in July 1970. He wrote that a motley and festive crowd gathered to watch, shortly after the move, the house was used as a movie set for a film depicting a house bombed in a war. The house was restored at a cost of more than $300,000. The varied architectural style of the house has been described as Queen Anne, Carpenter Gothic, picturesque eclectic, Jack Smith overheard a neighbor say of the house, What architecture.
Smith agreed but called it a wonderful old mishmuch, other notable features include a veranda at the northeast corner having turned wood posts with curved wood bracket caps and milled ballusters and an ornamental iron rail on its roof. It has brick chimneys with incised geometric detail and corbelled projections at top and its prime significance is that it perhaps best embodies the essence of, or the most typical features of, this historical style in one given example
Home of Lola Montez
The Home of Lola Montez is located in downtown Grass Valley, California at 248 Mill Street. Lola Montez, the known singer and dancer, moved here in 1853. In November 1850, Grass Valley held its first election under an oak tree on the site where the home was soon built, the following year, in 1851, a building was constructed on the property and used as an office for Gilmor Meredith’s Gold Hill Mining Company. The building was used as a schoolhouse in 1852, Montez moved to Grass Valley in 1853 and purchased the building for her home. She hosted parties in her salon, kept a pet bear, Montez left Grass Valley in 1855. In subsequent years, the building was remodeled and by 1975, the current building is a replica of the one depicted in an 1854 sketch. It houses the Nevada County Chamber of Commerce and a small museum and this Nevada County building is California Historical Landmark No.292. It was registered on 20 July,1938, California Historical Landmarks in Nevada County, California Atlas Obscura, Home of Lola Montez — with historic images
The building is now the centerpiece of the citys Barnsdall Art Park. Barnsdall originally intended the house to be part of an arts and theater complex on a property known as Olive Hill and he delegated many of the responsibilities involved in designing the house to his assistant, Rudolph Schindler, and his son, Lloyd Wright. The house has been used as an art gallery and as a United Service Organizations facility over the years, beginning in 1974, the city sponsored a series of restorations, but the structure was damaged in the 1994 Northridge earthquake. It was again restored, and was open to the public as of June 2005, the U. S. Department of the Interior designated Hollyhock House a National Historic Landmark in 2007. It was the site in the city of Los Angeles to receive that designation. In 2008, the U. S. National Park Service submitted the Hollyhock House along with nine other Frank Lloyd Wright properties to a tentative list for designation as World Heritage Site, the ten sites were submitted as one total site.
The house was included in a list of all top ten Los Angeles houses in a Los Angeles Times survey of experts in December 2008. In January 2015 it was announced on the site that, following extensive renovations. The 24-hour event drew large crowds through the night, with many waiting in line for three hours for admittance. As with many of Wrights residences, it has an exterior with small windows. The house is arranged around a courtyard with one side open to form a kind of theatrical stage. The design features exterior walls that are tilted back at 85 degrees, leaded art glass in the windows, a fireplace with a large abstract bas-relief. Water is meant to flow from a pool in the courtyard through a tunnel to this inside moat. The front doors are stepped similarly to the entryway, the split doors rest on pins and swing open easily despite their massive weight. The keyhole is concealed with a decorative flap, the hollyhock is used as a central theme to the house, with many symmetrical decorations adapting the plants general appearance.
Planters are decorated with the motif and filled with the plants themselves, an interesting feature is the glass corners, an early Wright idea used at Fallingwater. Hollyhock House features an entertainment room immediately to the right of the entrance and this room contains possibly the first built-in entertainment center, complete with LP-sized cabinets along the floor. Other notable rooms include a play area as well as a modernist kitchen
Now owned by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, Filoli is open to the public. The site is both a California Historical Landmark and listed on the National Register of Historic Places, in 1910 they had bought an estate in County Kerry, but wanted a country place nearer home. The principal designer, San Francisco architect Willis Polk, used a free Georgian style that incorporated the tiled roofs characteristic of California, Polk had previously designed Bourns houses in Grass Valley and on Webster Street in San Francisco. Polks friend Bruce Porter was commissioned to collaborate with the Bourns in planning the gardens, the horticulturist who designed the plantings and fixed the original color schemes was Isabella Worn, she supervised the gardens maintenance for 35 years. Filoli served as one of the Bourns residences from 1917 to 1936. The name of the estate is a formed by combining the first two letters from the key words of William Bourns credo, Fight for a just cause, Love your fellow man.
Bourns Spring Valley Water Company owned Crystal Springs Reservoir and the surrounding area, Bourn called the Crystal Springs Reservoirs Spring Valley Lakes for his company. The original Spring Valley was between Mason and Taylor Streets, and Washington and Broadway Streets in San Francisco, where the company started. When the company went south for more water, the Spring Valley name was carried south too, Bourn owned Muckross House in Ireland and is reputed to have used Muckross as a model for Filoli. Following the deaths of William and Agnes Bourn in 1936, the estate was sold the year to Mr. William P. Roth and Mrs. Lurline Matson Roth. The Roth family built Filolis botanic collections of camellias and azaleas, notably in the garden, and added the serene swimming pool. In 1975, Mrs. Roth donated the estate in its entirety to the National Trust for Historic Preservation, the estate operates as Filoli Center, a private, non-profit organization with its own Board of Governors and volunteers. S. By designs of Charles A.
Platt and Beatrix Farrand, the gardens extend southeast of the house running up an easy slope. Attractions include self-guided tours, guided tours, and nature hikes, the formal gardens include several areas, including the Wedding Place, especially designed for Berenice Roths wedding. Lurline and Berenice both had their wedding receptions at Filoli, but Berenices wedding is the one that has ever taken place at Filoli. The largest gardens are working gardens for the production of cut flowers for the mansion, the San Mateo Creek watershed hosted runs of anadromous salmonids, including coho salmon and steelhead trout coming up from the Bay. In 1877, Laguna Grande, a lake on Laguna Creek, was dammed with an earthen causeway blocking further salmonid migration up into Laguna Creek. Stream resident rainbow trout, continue to run up the creeks of Filoli from the reservoir to spawn, San Mateo County historian Frank Stanger cited sizeable groves of redwoods in the Laguna Creek watershed
The Eames House is a landmark of mid-20th century modern architecture located at 203 North Chautauqua Boulevard in the Pacific Palisades neighborhood of Los Angeles. It was constructed in 1949, by husband-and-wife design pioneers Charles and Ray Eames, to serve as their home, unusual for such an avant-garde design, the Eames Case Study No.8 house was a thoroughly lived-in, and well-loved home. The Eames gracious live-work lifestyle continues to be an influential model, the design of the house was proposed by Charles and Ray as part of the famous Case Study House program for John Entenzas Arts & Architecture magazine. The houses were documented before and after construction for publication in Arts & Architecture, a 1. 4-acre site near the coast in Pacific Palisades, on a wooded bluff that was once part of Will Rogers large estate, was selected. The structure was to be constructed entirely from off-the-shelf parts available from steel fabricators catalogs, immediately after the war, these parts were in very short supply.
By the time the materials arrived three years later, much time had been spent picnicking at and exploring the lot where the house would stand. After a period of collaboration between Charles and Ray, the scheme was radically changed to sit more quietly in the land. The new design tucked the house sidelong into the slope, with an 8-foot tall by 200 foot long concrete retaining wall on the uphill side, a mezzanine level was added, making use of a prefabricated spiral stair that was to have been the lower entrance. The upper level holds the bedrooms and overlooks the living room. A courtyard was introduced, separating the residence from the studio space and this revised scheme required only one additional beam. The 17 foot tall facade is broken down into a rigidly geometric, the entry door is marked with a gold-leaf panel above. An existing row of trees was preserved along the exposed wall of the house, providing some shading. Of the twenty-five Case Study Houses built, the Eames house is considered the most successful both as a statement and as a comfortable, functional living space.
The brash sleekness of the design made it a backdrop for fashion shoots in the 1950s and 1960s. Perhaps the proof of its success in fulfilling its program is the fact that it remained at the center of the Eames life, Eames House is one prominent architectural example with the influence of the De Stijl Movement outside Europe. The sliding walls and windows give it the versatility and openness of the De Stijl Movement. The Eames House is operated by an established in 2004 and run in part by the grandchildren of Charles. They have overseen the conservation of the structure and have preserved Charles and Rays collections, after the Eameses died, the house was left largely untouched
Ralph J. Bunche House
It was declared a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument by the Los Angeles Cultural Heritage Commission in 1976, and it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. Bunche was born in Detroit and lived in Albuquerque, New Mexico and his sister, were raised at the house on 40th Place by their grandmother, Lucy Taylor Johnson, their two aunts, and their uncle Thomas Johnson. While living in Los Angeles, Bunche became the valedictorian at both Jefferson High School, one-half block away, and UCLA, located at Vermont Avenue, Bunche was a star basketball player while at UCLA. Bunche won the 1950 Nobel Peace Prize for his work in negotiating and drafting the 1949 Armistice Agreements that ended the 1948 Arab-Israeli War and he was the first person of color from any country to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. Bunches boyhood home fell into disrepair and suffered vandalism and graffiti in the 1980s and 1990s. The house sat vacant for a decade, used only by squatters, gang members, in 1996, the home was acquired by the Dunbar Economic Development Corp. a nonprofit group with plans to turn it into a museum.
The groups plans were delayed by a lack of funding until the California Community Foundation issued a $100,000 interest-free loan in 1999. After a 1999 news report about funding delays and graffiti covering the home, Mayor Richard Riordan donned a hardhat, the home has since been preserved and furnished with photographs and memorabilia from Bunches life. It is operated as the Dr. Ralph J. Bunche Peace & Heritage Center, the property was fully restored between 2002 and 2004, by Design Aid Architects, winning a Los Angeles Conservancy preservation award in 2006. That year, the house was described in the Los Angeles Times as brilliant, with sunlight streaming through modified bay windows, scrubbed wood floors, the oral histories collected by the project will be permanently displayed at the Ralph J. Bunche House
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
Greystone Mansion, known as the Doheny Mansion, is a Tudor Revival mansion on a landscaped estate with distinctive formal English gardens, located in Beverly Hills, United States. Architect Gordon Kaufmann designed the residence and ancillary structures, and construction was completed in 1928, the estate was a gift from oil tycoon Edward L. Doheny to his son, Edward Ned Doheny, Jr. and his family. The house and grounds are used in filmmaking and television production. The houses descending staircase is one of the most famous sets in Hollywood, the 55-room, Tudor-style former residence,46,000 sq ft, is situated on 16 acres of land. At the time it was built, it cost over $4 million and was the most expensive home built in California up to that time. On February 16,1929, four months after Ned Doheny, his wife Lucy and their five children moved into Greystone, Ned died in a guest bedroom in a murder-suicide with his secretary, Hugh Plunket. The official story indicated Plunket murdered Ned either because of a disorder or inflamed with anger over not receiving a raise.
Both men are buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, both were involved in the trial of Neds father in the Teapot Dome scandal. In 1963, Crown planned to subdivide the property and demolish the mansion, Beverly Hills stopped the demolition by purchasing the mansion in 1965. The estate became a city park on September 16,1971, the city leased the mansion to the American Film Institute, from 1965 to 1982, for $1 per year, hoping to get repair and upkeep work from the institute. Since 2002 The City of Beverly Hills has maintained a Web page for the Greystone Mansion park, Greystone is now a public park, and is used as a location for special events, including the Beverly Hills Flower & Garden Festival. The estate is popular as a filming location due to its beauty, manicured grounds, some productions contribute to the upkeep and renovation of the mansion. The 2007 film There Will Be Blood, loosely based on the life of Edward Doheny via the Upton Sinclair book Oil, renovated the downstairs two lane bowling alley to include it in the film.
The camp presents a play in the area twice during the summer. The mansion is used for performances of the play The Manor written by Kathrine Bates, directed by Beverly Olevin. The Manor takes place in a number of different rooms of the mansion, the audience is separated at certain times during the play to watch some scenes in a different order. The plot of the The Manor is an account of the Doheny family, involving Dohenys involvement in the Teapot Dome scandal. The Manor has been performed every year at Greystone Mansion since 2002, it again in January