The Motel Inn, located in San Luis Obispo, California, is the first motel in the world. It opened on December 12,1925, the emergence and popularization of the automobile in the United States of the early 20th century inspired many car owners beyond commuting into town. The poor roads of the era combined with the vehicle speeds, nearby destinations of 40 miles or less could be visited in a day to include a return trip. The lack of accommodations to fill the need for automobile travelers who only needed an overnight stay to continue their trip inspired many entrepreneurs. The combination of the convenience of a campground with the comforts, the hotels architect, Arthur S. Heineman, picked San Luis Obispo as a midpoint location between Los Angeles and San Francisco, which took two days of driving on the roads at the time. The original plan of the Milestone Mo-Tel was to include both bungalows and attached apartments with parking outside each unit, though some would have a private garage, each location of the chain was to include laundry facilities, a grocery store, and a restaurant.
Each unit included a bathroom with a shower, obviously a level of privacy not found at campgrounds. The exterior of the buildings was modeled after the Spanish missions in California, the motel cost $80,000 to build in 1925. It originally charged $1.25 per night per room, at the time, this spacing would have represented a days drive between sites. The Motel Inn was intended to be the prototype for the proposed chain, Heineman was unable to register the name as a trademark, which allowed competitors to use the name. Severe competition in the market as well as competitors with lesser designs, the current name for the Milestone Mo-Tel is the Motel Inn. It is now the building of the hotel next door. The motel is located at the end of Monterey Street next to the on ramp to U. S. Route 101 in California, many of the buildings were torn down in 2006, only two fragments of the original buildings exist, including the mission-style bell tower. It can be found at 2223 Monterey Street
Bubblegum Alley is a tourist attraction in downtown San Luis Obispo, known for its accumulation of used bubble gum on the walls of an alley. It is a 15-foot high and 70-foot long alley lined with chewed gum left by passers-by and it covers a stretch of 20 meters in the 700 block of Higuera Street in downtown San Luis Obispo. According to the San Luis Obispo Chamber of Commerce and Downtown Business Improvement Association, some historians believe that the tradition of the alley started after WWII as a San Luis Obispo High School graduating class event. Others believe it started in the late 1950s, as rivalry between San Luis Obispo High School and California Polytechnic State University students, by the 1970s, Bubblegum Alley was well established. When shop owners complained that it was unsanitary and disgusting, the alley underwent a full cleaning, the gum graffiti survived two full cleanings in the 1970s. In 1996, the BIA unsuccessfully attempted to have another alley cleaning, throughout the years, San Luis Obispos Bubblegum Alley has been featured on a number of television shows, news programs, and in newspapers around the world.
Newspapers such as the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times have addressed the disgusts and delights of the gum wall visitors. Other newspaper articles have appeared in the San Francisco Chronicle, the Grand Rapids Press in Michigan, the Times Union from Albany, New York, KSBY Action 6 News did a story about the alleyway. TV crews filmed the alley for The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, MTV featured Bubblegum Alley in the show Call to Greatness. The crew picked Bubblegum Alley to film the episode on breaking the record for largest bubblegum bubble. It featured record holder Susan Chewsy Suzy Williams, and at the end of the show a graphic was shown that said that while she was there she blew a 24-inch bubble, aBC’s Ripley’s Believe It or Not aired a story on October 14,1984 about the alley. It was featured on an episode of The Girls Next Door on E. in chapter seventeen of the novel Mr. Monk On the Road by Lee Goldberg, Bubblegum Alley is mentioned and forms the setting for Monks discovery of a dead body.
Bubblegum Alley is mentioned throughout Megan McDonalds book Judy Moody, Around the World in 8, weird Al Yankovic mentioned Bubblegum Alley in his 1978 song Take Me Down, an ode to San Luis Obispo. Those Darn Accordions recorded the song Wall of Gum on their 1999 album Clownhead about an accident occurring in Bubblegum Alley. Agreement whether these gum-covered walls should remain a part of quaint downtown San Luis Obispo has not been reached since its founding, while the town historian and some local politicians consider this alley to be an “eyesore”, the Chamber of Commerce lists it as a “special attraction”. The Telegram Tribune reported that Bill Hales, a pub owner. Store owners’ complaints concerning upkeep are countered by the argument that it increases foot traffic, debrorah Holley, administrator of the Downtown Business Improvement Association, admits that despite the obvious problems it causes, it is nonetheless a landmark. This one-of-a-kind spectacle attracts tourists to the downtown, in large numbers that there used to be a local radio station DJ that led people on bimonthly tours of the “Gum Alley gallery”
They occupied three of the Channel Islands, Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, and San Miguel, the smaller island of Anacapa was likely inhabited seasonally due to the lack of a consistent water source. Modern place names with Chumash origins include Cayucos, Nipomo, Ojai, Pismo Beach, Point Mugu, Port Hueneme, Lake Castaic, Simi Valley and Somis. Archaeological research demonstrates that the Chumash have deep roots in the Santa Barbara Channel area, the Chumash resided between the Santa Ynez Mountains and the California coasts where rivers and tributaries abound. Inside and around the modern-day Santa Barbara region, the Chumash lived with a bounty of resources, the tribe lived in an area of three environments, the interior, the coast, and the Northern Channel Islands. These provided an array of materials to support the Chumash lifestyle. The interior is composed of the land outside the coast and spanning the plains, rivers. The coast covers the cliffs and land close to the ocean and, in reference to resources, the Northern Channel Islands lie off the coast of the Chumash territory.
All of the California coastal-interior has a Mediterranean climate due to the ocean winds. The mild temperatures, save for winter, made gathering easy, during the cold months, what villagers gathered and traded during the seasons changed depending on where they resided. With coasts populated by masses of species of fish and land covered by trees and animals. Abundant resources and a winter rarely harsh enough to cause concern meant the tribe lived a lifestyle in addition to a subsistence existence. Villages in the three aforementioned areas contained remains of sea mammals, indicating that trade networks existed for moving materials throughout the Chumash territory, such connections spread out the land’s wealth, allowing the Chumash to live comfortably without agriculture. The closer a village was to the ocean, the greater its reliance on maritime resources, due to advanced canoe designs and island people could procure fish and aquatic mammals from farther out. Shellfish were a source of nutrition, relatively easy to find.
Many of the favored varieties grew in tidal zones, shellfish grew in abundance during winter to early spring, their proximity to shore made collection easier. Some of the species included mussels, and a wide array of clams. Haliotis rufescens was harvested this species along the Central California coast in the pre-contact era, the Chumash and other California Indians used red abalone shells to make a variety of fishhooks, beads and other artifacts. Any village could acquire fish, but the coastal and island communities specialized in catching not just smaller fish and this feat, difficult even for today’s technology, was made possible by the tomol plank canoe
San Luis Obispo Octagon Barn
The Pereira Octagon Barn of San Luis Obispo is a historically and culturally important structure on the Central Coast of California. It was built in 1906 by Henri LaFranchi, John Damaso, since there were no other octagonal barns in the area, the builders may have worked from patterns of octagonal construction in farm journals or catalogs. The first user of the barn was Italian-Swiss immigrant Antonio Stornetta and they were typical of many first- and second-generation Portuguese Americans, who followed in the footsteps of the Italian-Swiss in the dairy business. The Pereira-Garcia operation was called the Home Dairy and it had a pasteurization and bottling plant at 719 Higuera Street and made daily milk deliveries throughout the city of San Luis Obispo. Dairy operations continued into the 1950s, when small-scale dairy operations were no longer economically viable, the barn supported a small-scale cattle operation and some row-crop farming. The property was purchased in 1994 by John and Howard Hayashi, the Land Conservancy has restored the barn, which will be used as a community gathering place The Octagon Barn is made with redwood timbers and has a new, custom shingled replacement redwood roof.
There is a cupola on top reaching over 40 feet above the floor, the barn is accompanied by a 2, 000-square-foot Milking Parlor and a Calf Barn. The Barn is important for four reasons, • History and Culture, agriculture is central to the San Luis Obispo County economy today. 107 years ago, when the barn was built, dairy farming, exemplified by the Barn, was an important element in that economy, particularly in the Edna, Chorro Creek, the Octagon shape of the barn enhanced its function in dairy agriculture. The polygonal shape approached that of a circle, which reduced the amount of building material, the Barn is recognized as part of the “gateway” into San Luis Obispo from the south. It is clearly visible from US101, the Octagon Barn is the official start of the Bob Jones City-to-Sea Bicycle Trail between the City of San Luis Obispo and Avila Beach. Lessons in history, renewable energy, and conservation can be delivered at the Barn Center, in December 2013, The Pereira Octagon Barn has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The iconic local landmark on South Higuera is one of two octagonal barns left in California and uniquely symbolizes the region’s agricultural roots. The National Register is administered by the National Park Service, and is the official list of United States historic sites considered “worthy of preservation. ”Inclusion in this esteemed Registry “honors the property by recognizing its importance to its community, State, or the Nation. ”Restoration of the barn began in 1997. Current activity concentrates on bringing the Barn into the community as a fully permitted gathering space, the Octagon Barn Center will be a community gathering place to promote local history, agriculture and sustainability. It will host events such as fundraisers, movies, music performances, family reunions, a windmill, a small restored wetland, photovoltaic power, parking for over 100 cars, and landscaping with hundreds of trees are planned. The San Luis Obispo Octagon Barn Center is located at 4400 Octagon Way, San Luis Obispo, CA93401.
Land Conservancy of San Luis Obispo County - Octagon Barn Center Official Website History of the Pereira Octagon Barn - San Luis Obispo Area Plan for citation of the Octagon Barn as a historic site
San Luis Obispo County, California
San Luis Obispo County, officially the County of San Luis Obispo, is a county located in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 269,637, the county seat is San Luis Obispo. San Luis Obispo County comprises the San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, the county is located along the Pacific Ocean in Central California, between Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area. Father Junipero Serra founded the Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa in 1772, the mainstays of the economy are California Polytechnic State University with its almost 20,000 students and agriculture. San Luis Obispo County is the third largest producer of wine in California, surpassed only by Sonoma, wine grapes are the second largest agricultural crop in the county, and the wine production they support creates a direct economic impact and a growing wine country vacation industry. The town of San Simeon is located at the foot of the ridge where newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst built the famed Hearst Castle, other coastal towns include Cambria, Morro Bay, and Los Osos -Baywood Park.
These cities and villages are located northwest of San Luis Obispo city, and Avila Beach, just south of the Five Cities, borders northern Santa Barbara County. Inland, the cities of Paso Robles and Atascadero lie along the Salinas River, San Luis Obispo lies south of Atascadero and north of the Five Cities region. Important settlements existed, for example, in coastal areas such as Morro Bay. Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa was founded on September 1,1772 in the area that is now the city of San Luis Obispo, the namesake of the mission and county is Saint Louis of Toulouse, the young bishop of Toulouse in 1297. San Luis Obispo County was one of the counties of California. The Salinas River Valley, a region that figures strongly in several Steinbeck novels, the remote California Valley near Soda Lake is the region most untouched by modernity. Travels through this area and the hills east of highway 101 during wildflower season are very beautiful and can be incorporated with wine tasting at local vineyards.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 3,616 square miles. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 55,973 persons,17. 7% of San Luis Obispo County is Mexican,0. 3% Puerto Rican, and 0. 2% Salvadoran. As of the census of 2000, there were 246,681 residents,92,739 households, the population density was 75 people per square mile. There were 102,275 housing units at a density of 31 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 84. 6% White,2. 0% Black or African American,1. 0% Native American,2. 7% Asian,0. 1% Pacific Islander,6. 2% from other races, and 3. 4% from two or more races
The Salinan Native Americans are a Native American tribe that lived in what is now the Central Coast of California, in the Salinas Valley. Said to have gone extinct by the Census of 1930, the Salinan Native Americans survived and are now in the process of applying for recognition from the Bureau of Indian Affairs. There were a Playano group which lived on the Pacific Coast in the vicinity of what is now San Simeon, the Salinans lived by hunting and gathering and were organized in small groups with little centralized political structure. The Salinan people were named after the Salinas River by Robert Latham, the peoples own name for themselves was never recorded. C. Hart Merriam called these people the En-ne-sen on advice from one informant, the Salinan language, spoken until the 1950s is a language isolate. It may be a part of the hypothetical Hokan language family, estimates for the pre-contact populations of most native groups in California have varied substantially. Alfred L. Kroeber put the 1770 population of the Salinan as 3,000, sherburne F.
Cook similarly estimated that there were at least 700 Salinans. Salinan traditional narratives Kuksu Painted Rock Chalon USS Salinan Campbell, American Indian languages, the historical linguistics of Native America. The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization, California, University of California Press. Handbook of the Indians of California, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No.78. Salinan, in Handbook of North American Indians, vol and Robert F. Heizer, eds. ISBN 0-16-004578-9 /0160045754, pages 500-504, international Journal of American Linguistics 74.3, 393-399. The Hokan affinity of Subtiaba in Nicaragua
The Dana Adobe or Casa de Dana is a historic building in Nipomo, California. It was the home of Boston sea captain William Dana, who in 1837 was granted the 37, captain Dana hosted figures such as Henry Tefft and John C. Fremont in his Nipomo home, which served as an important exchange point on Californias first official mail route between Monterey and Los Angeles. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the entire Rancho Nipomo is listed as a California Historical Landmark. History of San Luis Obispo County, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Its Prominent Men, friends of the Adobes, San Miguel, CA
Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa
Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa is a Spanish mission founded in 1772 by Father Junípero Serra in the present-day city of San Luis Obispo, California. Named after Saint Louis of Anjou, the bishop of Toulouse, the Mission church of San Luis Obispo is unusual in its design in that its combination of belfry and vestibule is found nowhere else among the California missions. The mission church today is a church of the Diocese of Monterey. Expedition diarist and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí wrote that the called the place la Cañada de los Osos. Portola followed the route the following year, on his way to establish the Presidio of Monterey. Missionary president Junípero Serra, traveling by sea, met the Portola party there, in 1772, when food supplies started to dwindle at the mission, Serra remembered the stories of the Valley of the Bears. He decided to send an expedition to kill the bears in order to feed the Spanish. The huge success of the expedition caused Father Junípero Serra to consider building a mission in that area.
The mission became the fifth in the chain founded by Father Junípero Serra. Father Serra sent an expedition south to San Luis Obispo to start building the mission. On September 1,1772 a cross was erected near San Luis Obispo Creek and Father Junípero Serra celebrated the first mass, briefly following the first mass, Father Junípero Serra returned to San Diego and left the responsibility of the missions construction to Father Jose Cavaller. Father Cavaller, five soldiers and two began building what is now Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa. Father Cavaller received help in the building of the Mission from the friendly tribe. The Chumash helped construct palisades, which would serve as temporary buildings for the Mission, due to several Indian tribes which were determined to get rid of European settlers, they set these buildings ablaze. Because of this, Father Cavaller was forced to rebuild the buildings using adobe, starting in 1794 Mission San Luis Obispo went through extensive building operations.
They helped build numerous buildings to accommodate the nearby Indians and they made many improvements and additions to the Mission. The renovation was finished when they completed the quadrangle in 1819. The arrival of the bells marked the end of improvements made to Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa for many years, Luis Gil y Taboada took over the mission, but he died three years later
2003 San Simeon earthquake
The 2003 San Simeon earthquake occurred with a moment magnitude of 6.6 on the Central Coast of California, about 7 miles northeast of San Simeon. It occurred at 11,15 PST on December 22, the earthquake probably occurred on the Oceanic fault zone in the Santa Lucia Mountains. It was caused by thrust faulting and propagated southeast from the hypocenter for 12 miles, the most violent ground movement occurred within 50 miles of the epicenter, though the earthquake was felt as far away as Los Angeles. It was the most destructive earthquake to hit the U. S since the 1994 Northridge earthquake, the area where the quake struck displays complex faulting, between the Oceanic Fault and Nacimiento Fault zones, along with possible interaction from the Hosgri fault and San Simeon Fault zones. The area around the epicenter is sparsely populated and the most severe occurred in Paso Robles,24 miles east-southeast. The Acorn Building, a masonry building built in 1892, completely collapsed. Other unreinforced masonry buildings, some more than a century old, none of the buildings that had even partial retrofitting collapsed.
There was a wrongful death lawsuit filed by the relatives of the women against Mary Mastagni. The jury found Mastagni negligent in the care and maintenance of the Acorn Building, due to not retrofitting the building, two sulfur hot springs in Paso Robles erupted after the earthquake. One was underneath the lot of City Hall. Hot water and sediment were released at a rate of about 1,300 gallons per minute, there was formerly a bath house at the location and the spring was capped after it closed down. Another hot spring flowed out of the embankment at the Paso Robles Street exit on U. S. Route 101, outside of Paso Robles the damage was less severe, with unreinforced masonry buildings taking minor to moderate damage. Buildings even 40 miles from the epicenter in San Luis Obispo suffered minor damage such as ceiling tiles falling, brick veneers were disproportionately affected. In addition, water tanks in Paso Robles and Los Osos were damaged, residential buildings, predominantly one to two story wood frame structures, weathered the quake with little or no damage.
The damage that did occur was mostly limited to chimneys, although a house in Atascadero suffered severe damage when it moved off its foundation, the damage was probably caused by poor construction. There were fewer nails connecting the plywood siding to the sill than is required, the building that housed Atascaderos City Hall was damaged and vacated shortly after the quake. After extensive repairs, it reopened in August 2013, some wineries, especially those near the epicenter along State Route 46, reported damage such as barrels toppling and bursting. This earthquake damaged Mission San Miguel Arcángel, causing $15 million worth of damage, the earthquake caused extensive damage to George H. Flamson Middle School
Camp San Luis Obispo
Camp San Luis Obispo is the original home of the California Army National Guard. It served as an Infantry Division Camp and Cantonment Area for the United States Army during World War II, Camp San Luis Obispo, formerly called Camp Merriam, was established in 1928 and is called the original home of the California National Guard. The camp is in San Luis Obispo County, which is on the Central Coast of California, state Route 1 passes through the camp about halfway between the cities of Morro Bay and San Luis Obispo. Since World War II, the camp has had an area of 15,433 acres, the camp originally comprised 6,274 acres, and a further 9,159 acres was acquired during 1941. During World War II, the camp had quarters for 1,523 officers and 19,383 enlisted personnel, during the Korean war, from early January 1950 to late 1953, the camp was again used by the US Army, for signal corps training. There was eight weeks of combat training, shorter than the usual 16 weeks for combat arms. Then there were technical schools covering all aspects of the signal corps, from lineman and teletype.
It was a Prisoner of War Camp during WW ll, Cuesta College opened for classes in 1965 on a southwest portion of the camp, rented from the California National Guard. The Cuesta College Board of Trustees purchased 160 acres of the camp and 20 acres adjoining for a permanent campus, the land was on the other side of Chorro Creek from the temporary campus. Construction was started in 1970 and the transfer from the site was completed in 1978. El Chorro Regional Park was created in 1972 when over 700 acres of the camp were given to San Luis Obispo County, the park contains barbecue facilities, a softball field, volleyball courts and camping sites. Dairy Creek Golf Course is located in the portion of the park. An area in the portion of the park is off limits due to the discovery of unexploded munitions. Salinas Dam, which forms Santa Margarita Lake, was built to water to Camp San Luis Obispo. The lake now supplies water to the city of San Luis Obispo, opened in 1995, the museum exhibits the works of the Civilian Conservation Corps in California.
One building is a replica of a 1930s CCC barracks, including tools, the museum is open by appointment. It contains the library and research center of the National Association of Civilian Conservation Corps Alumni Buildings, a major tenant of Camp San Luis Obispo since the early 2000s has been the Grizzly Youth Academy, Californias version of the Youth Challenge Program. Camp San Luis Obispo was assigned as the new permanent headquarters of the California Cadet Corps in July 2011