Category:History of women in California
Pages in category "History of women in California"
The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Alta Bates – Alta Alice Miner Bates was an American nurse anesthetist and the founder of the hospital now known as Alta Bates Medical Center. She was the first registered nurse in Humboldt County, California, Bates managed Alta Bates Hospital, serving as hospital director from 1905 to 1949. Bates was born in 1879 in Lapeer, Michigan and she and her family later moved to Northern California. At age 23, Bates was the first nurse to graduate from the Eureka Training School for Nurses and she completed her training in 1903 at Sequoia Hospital, also in Eureka, California. In 1904, Bates cared for women and their babies in her parents home on Walnut Street in Berkeley. At the time, there was no local hospital, the following year, Bates founded an eight-bed sanitarium for women and children at 23145 Dwight Way. Established with about $100, the Bates Sanitarium also served as a nursing school and its first class of nursing students graduated in 1906. Impressed by her work and vision, local physicians and community leaders helped Bates expand the building, securing funding to two blocks on Webster Street. The new three-story institution opened in 1908, in 1928, the building was expanded into a six-story building at Regent and Webster streets. The 112-bed hospital was dedicated and renamed Alta Bates Hospital, in 1946, the hospital was renamed Alta Bates Community Hospital and established as a non-profit with a board of directors. In addition to serving as director of the hospital and nursing school, Bates was a prominent early anesthetist in California, administering over 14,000 anesthetics. After training over 330 nurses, Batess nursing school closed in 1934, due to health problems, Bates retired from her role as the director of the hospital in 1949. Bates lived with her mother, Ursula, her brother, Louis, after her retirement, Bates was cared for in a nursing home on Webster Street in Berkeley, where she was nursed by former students. She died in 1955 at age 75Alta Bates – Alta Bates Summit Medical Center, Summit Campus in Oakland, California
2. Berkeley City Club – The Berkeley City Club was commissioned as the club house of the Berkeley Womens City Club organized in Berkeley, California in 1927 to contribute to social, civic, and cultural progress. This private club is no longer restricted to women, and the house building is available to the public at large for overnight stays, weddings. The building, constructed in 1929, is one of the works of noted California architect Julia Morgan. The San Francisco-born Morgan was the first woman to gain admission and earn a certificate from the Ecole de Beaux-Arts in Paris and she designed over 100 womens organization buildings throughout her career. Her interpretation of Moorish and Gothic elements in the Berkeley Womens City Club created a landmark of California design and it is registered as California Historical Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Berkeley City Club - Official siteBerkeley City Club – Berkeley Women's City Club
3. Daughters of Bilitis – The Daughters of Bilitis /bɪˈliːtᵻs/, also called the DOB or the Daughters, was the first lesbian civil and political rights organization in the United States. The organization, formed in San Francisco in 1955, was conceived as an alternative to lesbian bars. As the DOB gained members, their focus shifted to providing support to women who were afraid to come out, the DOB educated them about their rights, and about gay history. The Daughters of Bilitis endured for 14 years, becoming an educational resource for lesbians, gay men, researchers, the years after the end of World War II were some of the most morally oppressive in US history. Postwar anti-communist feelings quickly became associated with the secrets of people who worked for the US government. Congress began to require the registration of members of subversive groups, in 1955, Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon had been together as lovers for three years when they complained to a gay male couple that they did not know any other lesbians. The gay couple introduced Martin and Lyon to another lesbian couple, in October 1955, eight women — four couples — met to provide each other with a social outlet. One of their priorities was to have a place to dance, Martin and Lyon recalled later, Women needed privacy. not only from the watchful eye of the police, but from gaping tourists in the bars and from inquisitive parents and families. Although unsure of how exactly to proceed with the group, they began to regularly, realized they should be organized. From the start they had a focus to educate other women about lesbians. The name of the club was chosen in its second meeting. The name was chosen for its obscurity, even Martin and Lyon did not know what it meant, Daughters was meant to evoke association with other American social associations such as the Daughters of the American Revolution. Early DOB members felt they had to follow two approaches, trying to recruit interested potential members and being secretive. Martin and Lyon justified the name, writing later, If anyone asked us and they also designed a pin to wear to be able to identify with others, chose club colors and voted on a motto Qui vive, French for on alert. The organization filed a charter for non-profit corporation status in 1957, writing a description so vague, Phyllis Lyon remembered, historian Marcia Gallo writes They recognized that many women felt shame about their sexual desires and were afraid to admit them. They knew that. without support to develop the necessary to advocate for ones rights. By 1959 there were chapters of the DOB in New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, upon arrival at a meeting, attendees would be greeted at the door. In a show of faith, the greeter would sayDaughters of Bilitis – The Ladder, set up by the Daughters of Bilitis, was published from 1956 to 1972
4. Ebell of Los Angeles – The Ebell of Los Angeles is a womens club housed in a complex in the Mid-City section of Wilshire, Los Angeles, California. It includes a building and the renowned 1, 270-seat Wilshire Ebell Theatre. The complex has been owned and operated since 1927 by the Ebell of Los Angeles womens club, since 1927, the Wilshire Ebell Theatre has hosted musical performances and lectures by world leaders and top artists. Among other events, the Ebell was the site of aviator Amelia Earharts last public appearance before attempting the 1937 around-the-world flight during which she disappeared and it is also the place where Judy Garland was discovered while performing as Baby Frances Gumm in the 1930s. Harriet Williams Russell Strong was a founder of the club, serving as its president for three consecutive terms, the club adopted as its motto, I will find a way or make one -- I serve. Over the years, the group has conducted classes, and hosted lectures and seminars, on topics including psychology, parliamentary law, travel, literature, music, gardening and science. In 1923, the announced plans to build a new clubhouse. The group commissioned architect Sumner P. Hunt of Hunt & Burns to design the new facility, the new facilities consisted of multiple structures covering a site 160 ×450 feet, surrounding a 65 ×120 foot patio area. The new facilities included a new 1, 300-seat auditorium at the rear of the property facing 8th Street, the two-story structure facing Wilshire Boulevard houses the groups clubhouse, including a large lounge, art salon, and dining room. The dining room opens to a tile-roofed colonnade walkway and fountain, the total cost was $200,000 for the site, $650,000 for the entire structure, and $120,000 for the furnishings. Another writer observed, Nowhere in America is there a more magnificent womens club house than the new home of Ebell, every modern convenience and appliance, together with furnishings of the finest quality, are within its walls. It is lavish, but not flamboyantly so and it is practical and it has beauty and inspiring charm. The 1, 300-seat theater is known for its acoustics and its Barton pipe organ, the Los Angeles Times in 2003 described the theater as the grande dame of genteel grace, a cultural centerpiece for Los Angeles, and one of the areas most striking auditoriums. In more than eighty years of productions, the Wilshire Ebell has witnessed performances by stars and celebrities. Young Judy Garland, then known as Baby Frances Gumm, first auditioned on the Wilshire Ebell Theater stage, MGM producer George Sidney later described Garlands first audition this way, I had made Judys first screen test. There was a theater here in Los Angeles called the Wilshire-Ebell, hey used to put on vaudeville acts on certain nights of the week. This little girl came out with her two sisters and her playing the piano. She did a number with a baseball batEbell of Los Angeles – Ebell of Los Angeles
5. Friday Morning Club – The Friday Morning Club building is located in Downtown Los Angeles at 940 South Figueroa Street, in Los Angeles, California. It was the home of the womens club also named the Friday Morning Club. The large and elaborate 6−story clubhouse was designed by architects Allison & Allison in an Italian Renaissance Revival style, the Friday Morning Club became the largest womens club in California, with membership of over 1,800 women by the 1920s. The FMCs first clubhouse was at the location, and was a Mission Revival style 2-story building that cost $25,000 to build in 1900. Its two auditoriums and seating for almost 2,000 made it suitable to the Friday Morning Clubs popular arts, the Figueroa Hotel was built directly across the street from the Friday Morning Club in 1925. It was also financed and run by women, to meet the needs of business, professional, the two are a microcosm of the increasingly important and complex roles women were playing in American society in the 1920s. The Society also displayed many unique and extensive collections in the field of arts in the building. The SPVA Library is open as a facility to serious students of the theater arts. The Friday Morning Clubs members continued to meet and serve the community, from the leased back 5th floor and later rented quarters on Wilshire Boulevard, until the 1990s. Today, the Ebell of Los Angeles is the largest functioning womans club in the city, with around 400 members, the building was sold to AEG in 2004, then subsequently sold to property developer David Houk in 2007. After extensive renovations, Hillsong LA expects to move into the building in early 2017, the Friday Morning Club building is a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1984, meeting the criteria for both social history and architectural significanceFriday Morning Club – Friday Morning Club
6. Webgrrls – Aliza Sherman, also known as Aliza Pilar Sherman, Aliza Sherman Risdahl, and Cybergrrl is a new media entrepreneur, author, blogger, womens issues activist, and international speaker. She is known for her expertise in marketing and networking. Her primary focus includes addressing womens issues on the Internet, while empowering women to expand their role and involvement in progressive technology, in 1995, Sherman was named by Newsweek magazine as one of the Top 50 People Who Matter Most on the Internet. She was one of three women on the list. In 2009, she was named by Fast Company magazine as one of the Most Influential Women in Technology and she is a native of Honolulu, Hawaii. In January 1995, Sherman founded Cybergrrl, Inc. which is the first full-service Internet company owned by a woman, two months later, she established Webgrrls International, known as the first global womens new media networking organization. Sherman is known for launching the first three general interest Web sites for women, located at Cybergrrl. com, Webgrrls. com and she is credited with coining the term Webgrrls to refer to women with Web sites. In January 1995, Sherman founded Cybergrrl, Inc, in March 1995, Sherman established Webgrrls International, which is a hybrid of online and offline networking, education and mentoring for women interested in technology-related fields. The initial goal of Webgrrls was to provide a way for women to other women who were interested in. Webgrrls offered job lists and online training to members, Webgrrls started as a series of meetups in New York City with their initial meeting held at @Cafe on St Marks Place. During its first year, the organization grew to include over 100 chapters, beginning in 1998, some chapters began to establish their independence from Webgrrls. The San Francisco Chapter left in August to form San Francisco Women on the Web followed by the Austin chapter, in April 1999, the Washington, D. C. chapter followed suit, forming DC Web Women. By the end of November 2000, nearly one third of Webgrrls 30,000 members, primarily those from the US and Canada, left Webgrrls and established a separate organization, the Internet, A Historical Encyclopedia explores the reasons for these chapters and members leaving Webgrrls. In 1999, Sherman resigned from Cybergrrl, Inc, the companies Cybergrrl, Inc. and Webgrrls International are run by CEO Kevin Kennedy, while the CTO is Nelly Yusupova. Sherman is a blogger with several blogs of her own including Babyfruit and she is a contributor for WebWorkerDaily. com, Mashable, and WorkitMom. com. Sherman is the creator and former host of Quick and Dirty Tips Digital Marketer and her radio credits include producing segments for Wyoming Public Radio, Alaska Public Radio Network, and Marketplace on NPR. She has served as an advisor to various organizations for girls, including GenAustin, hipGuide. In 2003, Sherman established a consulting and social media marketing firmWebgrrls – Aliza Sherman, September 2012
7. Women in the California Gold Rush – At first, the numbers of immigrant women were scarce, but they contributed to their community nonetheless. Some of the first people in the fields were wives and families who were already in California. A few settler women and kids and the few men who didnt leave their family worked right alongside the men but most men who arrived left their wives and families home. The number of women in California changed very quickly as the gold strikes. As travel arrangements improved and were easier and more predictable the number of women coming to California rapidly increased. Most women probably came by way of Panama as this was one of the fastest trips, passage via Panama became much more predictable after the paddle wheel steam ship lines were up and running by late 1849. In Ireland, the Great Potato Famine was a period of starvation, disease. Women of many different continents, statuses, classes, and races were involved in the California Gold Rush, the rapidly increasing population had very few women in it and what women there were found myriads of opportunities. As word of the gold rush spread so did the word of opportunities for women to work in the women poor gold fields, Women going to California to rejoin their families usually had their passages paid for by miners or businessmen who had decided to make California their new home. Most of the male Argonauts had originally planned on getting their gold and returning home to rejoin their families, the cost of passage was typically paid for by the entertainer agreeing to work for the payees for at least three to six months. These ’’entertainers’’ initially were the majority of the female population, very few of these ’’entertainers’’ made the five- to six-month trip by wagon on the California Trail or chose the five- to seven-month all sea journey around Cape Horn. Others went back east to wind up their business there and escort their women, many single men started communicating with female acquaintances they knew and many proposals were accepted with this long distance dating. Some communities back east were severely -60 days for a letter to go from California via Panama to a city in the east, if these long distance proposals were accepted, the prospective groom if a successful miner or businessman sent money for passage and spending money. Usually as soon as the prospective bride got off the ship they were rushed to a preacher to get married, most single women in California quickly had several proposals for marriage. As time went on the immigration of more women and families started changing the composition of the female population. There are several stories of women making more money selling homemade pies, doughnuts, laundries, restaurants, lodging, mending, waiting tables, all paid good wages, some women made their fortune as entrepreneurs. The entertainers were joined by a few women who came either overland via the California Trail or by sea with their husbands and they refused to be left behind to fend for themselves or miss an exciting life changing opportunity. A few of these travelers became widows as their husbands died of disease or were killedWomen in the California Gold Rush – Sara Althea Hill