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Pages in category "Holland family"
The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Holland family.|
The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Alice FitzAlan, Countess of Kent – As the maternal grandmother of Anne Mortimer, she was an ancestor of King Edward IV and King Richard III, as well as King Henry VII and the Tudor dynasty through her daughter Margaret Holland. She was also the grandmother of Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scotland. She was appointed a Lady of the Garter in 1388, Lady Alice FitzAlan was born circa 1350 at Arundel Castle in Sussex, England, the second daughter of the 10th Earl of Arundel, and Lady Eleanor of Lancaster. She had six siblings who included Richard FitzAlan, later 11th Earl of Arundel, and Lady Joan FitzAlan, later Countess of Hereford, Essex and she also had three half-siblings from her parents previous marriages. Her paternal grandparents were the 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, in 1354, at the age of four, Lady Alice was betrothed to her fathers ward Edmund Mortimer who would in 1360 become the 3rd Earl of March. The marriage however did not take place, Alice married instead on 10 April 1364, 2nd Earl of Kent, one of the half-brothers of the future King Richard II by his mother Joan of Kents first marriage to Thomas Lord Holland. She received from her father a marriage portion of 4000 marks, upon her marriage, she was styled Lady Holland. She did not, however, become Countess of Kent until 1381, Lord Holland was appointed captain of the English forces in Aquitaine in 1366, and in 1375, he was made a Knight of the Garter. Two years later in 1377, his half-brother Richard succeeded to the throne of England, alices husband would become one of the young Kings chief counsellors and exert a strong influence over his brother which led to the enrichment of Thomas and Alice. Alice was appointed a Lady of the Garter, an order of chivalry, Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey, married Joan Stafford, but the marriage was childless. John Holland Richard Holland Elizabeth Holland, married Sir John Neville, Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent, married Lucia Visconti, but the marriage was childless. He fathered an illegitimate daughter Eleanor de Holland, by his mistress Constance of York, Eleanor Holland, married Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury, by whom she had one daughter, Alice Montacute, 5th Countess of Salisbury. Bridget Holland, a nun at Barking Abbey, alices husband died on 25 April 1397. In 1399, King Richard was deposed, and the throne was usurped by Henry IV, the rebels had hoped to seize and murder King Henry, and immediately restore King Richard to the throne. Less than three years earlier, her brother Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel and a Lord Appellant had been executed for his opposition to King Richard, Alice herself died on 17 March 1416 at the age of sixty-six years. Alice had many illustrious descendants which included English kings Edward IV, Richard III, Henry VII, Alice was also an ancestress of Scottish king James II of Scotland and his successors which included Mary, Queen of Scots and James I of England. Living descendants of Alice Fitzalan include the current British Royal Family
2. Eleanor Holland, Countess of Salisbury – Eleanor Holland, Countess of Salisbury, was an English noblewoman, the daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, a half-brother of King Richard II of England. She was the first wife of Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury, one of her brothers was Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent, to whom she was co-heiress. She is not to be confused with her eldest sister Alianore Holland, Eleanors eldest sister, Lady Alianore Holland who married Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March shared the same name. They were named after their maternal grandmother, Eleanors father was a uterine half-brother of King Richard II. Thomass heir to the earldom of Kent was her second eldest brother Edmund Holland, Lady Eleanor married Sir Thomas Montacute, son of John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury and Maud Francis, on 23 May 1399, as his first wife. She was about thirteen years old at the time of her marriage, Thomas would later become one of the most important commanders in the Hundred Years War. Eleanor did not assume the title of Countess of Salisbury until 14 June 1409, an attainder had been placed on his fathers title and estates following his execution for his participation in the Epiphany Rising in 1400 alongside Eleanors brother, Thomas. Thomas and Eleanor made their home at Bisham Manor in Berkshire, together they had one daughter, Alice Montacute, 5th Countess of Salisbury, married in 1420, Richard Neville, by whom she had ten surviving children. Eleanor died on a date sometime after 1413. She was buried in Bisham Priory, Thomas married secondly before 1424, Alice Chaucer, granddaughter of the noted author Geoffrey Chaucer, but their marriage was childless. He was mortally wounded on 27 October 1428 at the Siege of Orléans, Alice, the daughter of Thomas and Eleanor, succeeded her father as suo jure 5th Countess of Salisbury. Through Alice, Eleanor was the grandmother of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick and great-grandmother of Cecily Bonville, Eleanor was also the great-great-great-grandmother of queen consort Catherine Parr, the sixth and final wife of King Henry VIII
3. Otho Holand – Sir Otho Holand was an English soldier and a founder Knight of the Garter. He was alternatively called Otes or Eton Holand or Holland and he was born in Brackley, Northamptonshire the son of Robert de Holland, 1st Baron Holand and Maud la Zouch of Upholland, Lancashire. One of his brothers was Thomas Holland, who became the 1st Earl of Kent and was invested a founder Knight of the Garter. Othos father was beheaded by Lancastrians when Otho was 12 years old. Otho joined his brother Thomas in Edward IIIs military expedition to Normandy in 1346, there the Constable of France surrendered himself to his brother who sold him to the King. Back in England the Constable was given to Otho to guard until he could ransomed but Otho allowed his prisoner too much freedom and was heavily censured as a result. In 1348 he was invested, along with his brother Thomas, as a knight of the new Order of the Garter. In 1355 he again joined his brother Thomas on a campaign in France and he was made Governor of the Channel Islands in 1359. He died childless in Normandy in 1359 and his estates went to his brothers Robert and Thomas
4. Robert de Holland, 1st Baron Holand – Robert de Holland, 1st Baron Holand was an English nobleman, born in Lancashire. He was a son of Sir Robert de Holland of Upholland, Lancashire and Elizabeth, Robert was a member of the noble Holland family and a favourite official of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster and had been knighted by 1305. Robert was appointed on 20 December 1307 in a matter concerning the Knight Templars, shortly before Edward II ordered their arrest, in October 1313 Robert was pardoned for his role in the death of Piers Gaveston. From 1314 to 1321 he was called to Parliament as a Baron and was appointed as Secretary to the Earl of Lancaster, the rebels protested against the earls actions and authority by attacking the homes of his supporters and several castles, including Liverpool Castle. Sir Robert later assisted in the hunt for fugitives after the rebels had been routed in Preston by a force under the command of the Sheriff, on 4 March 1322 Sir Robert was ordered to join the king with horses and men to defend against Lancasters rebellion. Twelve days later Robert betrayed the king and fought alongside Lancaster at the Battle of Boroughbridge, after their defeat, Robert surrendered and was imprisoned and had his lands confiscated. He was released from prison but was accused of having joined other rebels in raids on the estates of Hugh le Despenser. Robert was again imprisoned in Warwick Castle before being moved in 1326 to Northampton Castle from which he escaped. Robert still had enemies from the Banastre Rebellion though and in June 1328 they attempted to outlaw Holland for the deaths of Adam Banastre and his followers, Robert appealed against this but was killed in October in a wood near Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire. Holland was beheaded, his head sent to the Earl of Lancaster at Waltham Cross and his body to Preston, the inaccuracies of some accounts of Holland suggest his rivals may have smeared him deliberately. An Inquisition Post Mortem held in October 1328 found he held lands in Yorkshire, Derbyshire, Warwickshire, Leicestershire and he married before 1309/10 Maud la Zouche, daughter and co-heiress of Alan la Zouche, 1st Baron la Zouche of Ashby, by his wife, Eleanor de Segrave. Robert and Maud had nine children, Robert de Holand, 2nd Baron Holand and he married before 25 June 1343 Elizabeth _____. He married Joan Plantagenet, the Fair Maid of Kent, one of the founders and 13th Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1348. Sir Otho Holand, KG, of Ashford, Chesterfield, and Dalbury, Derbyshire, Yoxall, Staffordshire, Talworth, Surrey, governor of the Channel Islands,1359. He was one of the founders and 23rd Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1348, Alan de Holand, of Great Houghton, Yorkshire, living 13 October 1331. He was killed sometime before 30 October 1339 by William Bate, of Dunham-on-Trent, mistress of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey. She married Sir John Tempest, Knt. of Bracewell, Yorkshire and she married John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray, Thomas de Swinnerton, Knt. She married Henry Fitz Roger, Knt. of Chewton, Somerset, a History of the Family of Holland of Mobberley and Knutsford
5. Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent – Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent, 2nd Baron Holand, KG was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years War. He was from a family in Upholland, Lancashire. He was a son of Robert de Holland, 1st Baron Holand, one of his brothers was Otho Holand, who was also made a Knight of the Garter. In his early career, he fought in Flanders. He was engaged, in 1340, in the English expedition into Flanders and sent, in 1343, he was again on service in France. At the Battle of Crécy, he was one of the commanders in the vanguard under the Prince of Wales and he, afterwards. In 1348 he was invested as one of the founders and 13th Knight of the new Order of the Garter, however, during his absence on foreign service, Joan, under pressure from her family, contracted another marriage with William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury. This second marriage was annulled in 1349, when Joans previous marriage with Holland was proved to the satisfaction of the papal commissioners. Joan was ordered by the Pope to return to her husband and live with him as his lawful wife, between 1353 and 1356 he was summoned to Parliament as Baron de Holland. In 1354 Holland was the lieutenant in Brittany during the minority of the Duke of Brittany. His brother-in-law John, Earl of Kent, died in 1352 and he was succeeded as baron by his son Thomas, the earldom still being held by his wife. Another son, John became Earl of Huntingdon and Duke of Exeter
6. Joan of Kent – Joan assumed the title of 4th Countess of Kent and 5th Baroness Wake of Liddell after the death of her brother, John, in 1352. Joan was the daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent and her father Edmund was the son of King Edward I and his second wife, Margaret of France, daughter of Philip III of France. Edmunds support of his older half-brother, King Edward II of England, placed him in conflict with the queen, Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March. Edmund was executed after Edward IIs deposition, and Joans mother, the Earls widow, Margaret, was left with four children for whom to care. Joans first cousin, the new King Edward III, took on the responsibility for the family and his wife, Queen Philippa, was Joans second cousin. In 1340, at the age of twelve, Joan secretly married Thomas Holland of Upholland, Lancashire, the following winter, while Holland was overseas, her family forced her to marry William Montacute, son and heir of the first Earl of Salisbury. Joan later averred that she did not disclose her existing marriage with Thomas Holland because she had been afraid that disclosing it would lead to Thomass execution for treason upon his return and she may also have become convinced that the earlier marriage was invalid. Several years later, Thomas Holland returned from the Crusades, having made his fortune and he appealed to the Pope for the return of his wife and confessed the secret marriage to the king. When the Earl of Salisbury discovered that Joan supported Holland’s case, in 1349, Pope Clement VI annulled Joan’s marriage to the Earl and sent her back to Thomas Holland, with whom she lived for the next eleven years. They had five children before Holland died in 1360 and their children were, Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter Lady Joan Holland, who married John IV, Duke of Brittany. Lady Maud Holland, who married firstly to Hugh Courtenay and secondly to Waleran III of Luxembourg and he was buried in the church of Austin Friars, London. When the last of Joans siblings died in 1352, she became the 4th Countess of Kent and 5th Lady Wake of Liddell. Evidence of the held by Edward, the Black Prince for Joan may be found in the record of his presenting her with a silver cup. Edwards parents did not, however, favour a marriage between their son and their former ward, Queen Philippa had made a favourite of Joan at first, but both she and the king seem to have been concerned about Joans reputation. English law was such that Joans living ex-husband, Salisbury, might have claimed any children of her subsequent marriages as his own, in addition, Edward and Joan were within the prohibited degrees of consanguinity. The secret marriage they allegedly contracted in 1360 would have been invalid because of the consanguinity prohibition, at the Kings request, the Pope granted a dispensation allowing the two to be legally married. The official ceremony occurred on 10 October 1361, at Windsor Castle with the King, in 1362, the Black Prince was invested as Prince of Aquitaine, a region of France which belonged to the English Crown since the marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine and Henry II. He and Joan moved to Bordeaux, the capital of the principality, two sons were born in France to the royal couple
7. Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey – Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey, 3rd Earl of Kent, 4th Baron Holland, KG, Earl Marshal was an English nobleman. He was the son of the 2nd Earl of Kent and Lady Alice FitzAlan and his maternal grandparents were the 10th Earl of Arundel and Lady Eleanor of Lancaster. He was also a nephew of King Richard II, and a Knight of the Garter, on his fathers death in 1397 he succeeded him as 3rd Earl of Kent and 4th Baron Holland. At that time Kents uncle King Richard II was removing the Duke of Gloucester and his associates from power, and sent Kent to arrest his own uncle, in reward he received a share of the forfeited estates, and on 29 September 1397 was created Duke of Surrey. Another uncle, the Earl of Huntingdon, was created Duke of Exeter on that day as well, Surrey, along with many of King Richard IIs advisors, was arrested after the Kings deposition by King Henry IV in 1399. In the end he had to forfeit the honours and estates he had gained after the arrests of Gloucester and Arundel, in particular the Dukedom of Surrey, although he retained the Earldom of Kent. Early in 1400, Kent, along with his uncle, the Earl of Huntingdon, plotted to kill King Henry IV and free King Richard II from prison and this Epiphany Rising failed and Kent was captured and executed. He left no children by his wife, Lady Joan Stafford and he was succeeded as Earl of Kent by his brother Edmund
8. John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter – John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter KG also 1st Earl of Huntingdon, was an English nobleman, a half-brother of King Richard II, to whom he remained strongly loyal. He was the son of Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent by his wife Joan of Kent, The Fair Maid of Kent, daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent. The Earl of Kent was a title that was created multiple times, including once for Edmund of Woodstock, early in King Richards reign, Holland was made a Knight of the Garter. He was also part of the escort that accompanied the queen-to-be, Anne of Bohemia, Holland had a violent temper, which got him in trouble several times. The most famous incident occurred during Richard IIs 1385 expedition to the Kingdom of Scotland, an archer in the service of Ralph Stafford, eldest son of Hugh Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford, killed one of Hollands esquires. Stafford went to find Holland to apologize, but Holland killed him as soon as he identified himself, King Richard thereupon ordered the forfeiture of Hollands lands. Their mother, Joan of Kent, died afterwards, it was said of grief at the quarrel between two of her sons. Early in 1386 Holland reconciled with the Staffords, and had his property restored, later in 1386 he married Elizabeth of Lancaster, a daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster by his wife Blanche of Lancaster. He and Elizabeth then went on Gaunts expedition to Spain, where Holland was appointed constable of the English army, after his return to the Kingdom of England, on 2 June 1388 Holland was created Earl of Huntingdon, by Act of Parliament. In 1389 he was appointed Lord Great Chamberlain for life, Admiral of the Fleet in the Western Seas, during this time he also received large grants of land from King Richard. Over the next few years he held a number of offices, Constable of Conway Castle, Governor of Carlisle, Warden later Constable-General. His military service was interrupted by a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1394, as a reward, on 29 September 1397 he was created Duke of Exeter. In 1399 he accompanied King Richard on his expedition to Ireland, following their return the king sent him to try to negotiate with his own first cousin and Hollands brother-in-law Henry Bolingbroke, son of John of Gaunt. Thus Holland was stripped of his dukedom, becoming again merely Earl of Huntingdon, early in 1400 Holland entered into a conspiracy, known as the Epiphany Rising, with his nephew Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent and with Thomas le Despencer, 1st Earl of Gloucester and others. Their aim was to assassinate King Henry and his sons, and to return Richard, then in prison, the plot failed and Holland fled, but was caught, near Pleshy Castle in Essex, and executed on 16 January 1400. Among those who witnessed the execution was Arundels son, Thomas Fitzalan, Hollands lands and titles were forfeited, but eventually they were restored to his second son John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter. Sir John Holland kills Lord Ralph Stafford, the Loyal Conspiracy, The Lords Appellant under Richard II. Hardy, W. H. John Holand, duke of Exeter and earl of Huntingdon
9. John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter – John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter KG was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years War. He was Admiral of England, Ireland, and Aquitaine, Exeter was the second son of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter and Lady Elizabeth of Lancaster. His paternal grandparents were Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent and Joan of Kent, Princess of Wales, who after Hollands death had married the Prince of Wales, Edward and his maternal grandparents were John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Blanche of Lancaster. By his paternal grandmother, he was a half-nephew of Richard II of England, by his maternal grandparents, he was a nephew of Henry IV of England, a first cousin of Henry V of England, and a first cousin once removed of Henry VI of England. Holland was just a boy when his father conspired against Henry IV and was attainted and executed, nevertheless, he was given a chance to serve Henry V in the 1415 campaign in France, where he distinguished himself at Agincourt. The next year Holland was restored in blood and to his fathers earldom of Huntingdon, over the next five years he held various important commands with the English forces in France and in 1420 was made Constable of the Tower of London. He was captured by the French in 1421 at the Battle of Baugé and spent four years in captivity, on 6 March 1427, he married Lady Anne Stafford, widow of Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, and daughter of Edmund Stafford, 5th Earl of Stafford. By her he had two children, a son and daughter, Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter, Lady Anne Holland, who married firstly, Sir John Neville, son of her second cousin Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland. The marriage is said to have been unconsummated and she married secondly to her second cousin, John Neville, Baron Neville, slain at the Battle of Towton on 29 March 1461. She married thirdly, James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas and he married secondly Beatrice of Portugal on 20 January 1433, then finally, he married Lady Anne Montagu, daughter of John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury. By an unnamed mistress or mistresses he also had illegitimate children. William, Thomas and Robert, the so-called Bastards of Exeter, were active in the Lancastrian struggles, in 1435 he was appointed admiral of England, Ireland, and Aquitaine, and in 1439 he was made the kings lieutenant in Aquitaine, and later governor of Aquitaine. Holland recovered his fathers dukedom of Exeter in 1439, and was given precedence just below the Duke of York and he was succeeded as duke by his son Henry. There is an effigy of this John Holland in the Chapel of St. Peter ad Vincula in the Tower of London, hardy, W. H. John Holland, duke of Exeter and earl of Huntingdon
10. Margaret Holland, Duchess of Clarence – Margaret Holland, Countess of Somerset was the daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, who was the son of Joan the Fair Maid of Kent. Margarets mother was Alice FitzAlan, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, Margaret married John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, son of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his mistress Katherine Swynford. They had six children, Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl of Somerset, John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset. Lady Joan Beaufort, who married James I of Scotland and Sir James Stewart, edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset. Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Devon, married Thomas de Courtenay, in 1399, she was invested as a Lady Companion, Order of the Garter. After Beaufort died in 1410, she married his nephew Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence and she died on 31 December 1439 at St. Saviours Abbey, Bermondsey, in London, England. Margaret and both her husbands are buried together in an alabaster tomb in Canterbury Cathedral that shows her lying between the two of them. Through her son, the 1st Duke of Somerset, Lady Margaret is an ancestress to the Tudor monarchs, both Lady Joan, Queen consort of Scotland, and the Duke of Somerset, are ancestors of King George I of Great Britain. As such, both children are ancestors to the current British royal family, Lady Margarets sister, Alianore Holland, the Countess of March is also a direct ancestor of George Washington, 1st President of the United States of America