Category:Illinois populated places on the Mississippi River
Pages in category "Illinois populated places on the Mississippi River"
The following 63 pages are in this category, out of 63 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 63 pages are in this category, out of 63 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Alton, Illinois – Alton is a city on the Mississippi River in Madison County, Illinois, United States, about 15 miles north of St. Louis, Missouri. The population was 27,865 at the 2010 census and it is a part of the Metro-East region of the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area. It was the site of the last Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas debate in October 1858, the former state penitentiary here was used during the war to hold up to 12,000 Confederate prisoners of war. Although Alton once was growing faster than its city of St. Louis. Many blocks of housing in Alton were built in the Victorian Queen Anne style, at the top of the hill in the commercial area, several stone churches and a fine city hall also represent the citys wealth during its good times based on river traffic and shipping. It was a center for a large agricultural area. Numerous residences on hills have sweeping views of the Mississippi River, the Alton area was home to Native Americans for thousands of years before the 19th-century founding by European Americans of the modern city. Historic accounts indicate occupation of this area by the Illiniwek or Illinois Confederacy at the time of European contact, earlier native settlement is demonstrated by archaeological artifacts and the famous prehistoric Piasa bird painted on a cliff face nearby. The image was first written about in 1673 by French missionary priest Father Jacques Marquette, Alton was developed as a river town in 1818 by Rufus Easton, who named it after his son. Easton ran a ferry service across the Mississippi River to the Missouri shore. Alton is located amid the confluence of three significant navigable rivers, the Illinois, the Mississippi, and the Missouri, Alton grew into a river trading town with an industrial character. The city rises steeply from the waterfront, where massive concrete grain silos and railroad tracks were constructed in the 19th and 20th centuries to aid in shipping the areas grains, brick commercial buildings are located throughout downtown. Once the site of brick factories, Alton has an unusually high number of streets still paved in brick. The lower levels of Alton are subject to floods, many of which have inundated the downtown area. The flood levels of different dates are marked on the grain silos, part of the Ardent Mills. The flood of 93 is the worst in the last 100 years and it became an important town for abolitionists, as Illinois was a free state across from the slave state of Missouri. Pro-slavery activists also lived there and slave catchers often raided the city, escaped slaves would cross the Mississippi to seek shelter in Alton, and proceed to safer places through stations of the Underground Railroad. During the years before the American Civil War, several homes were equipped with tunnels, on November 7,1837, the abolitionist printer Reverend Elijah P. Lovejoy was murdered by a pro-slavery mob while he tried to protect his Alton-based press from being destroyed for the third time
2. Batchtown, Illinois – Batchtown is a village in Calhoun County, Illinois, United States. The population was 214 at the 2010 census, a decline from 218 in 2000, Batchtown is located at 39°02′01″N 90°39′19″W. According to the 2010 census, Batchtown has an area of 1.86 square miles. As of the census of 2000, there were 218 people,85 households, the population density was 115.9 people per square mile. There were 110 housing units at a density of 58.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99. 54% White,29. 4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the family size was 3.20. In the village, the population was out with 22. 0% under the age of 18,11. 5% from 18 to 24,28. 0% from 25 to 44,22. 9% from 45 to 64. The median age was 37 years, for every 100 females there were 109.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.8 males, the median income for a household in the village was $42,222, and the median income for a family was $46,094. Males had an income of $31,389 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,013, about 4. 2% of families and 2. 5% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under the age of eighteen or sixty five or over. Bill McGee, pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals and New York Giants Andrew C
3. Cairo, Illinois – Cairo is the southernmost city in the U. S. state of Illinois, and is the county seat of Alexander County. Cairo is located at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers, the rivers converge at Fort Defiance State Park, a Civil War fort that was built in 1862 by Union General Ulysses S. Grant. Cairo has the lowest elevation of any location in Illinois and is the only Illinois city surrounded by levees and it is in the area known as Little Egypt. Several blocks in the town comprise the Cairo Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Old Customs House is also on the NRHP. The city is part of the Cape Girardeau−Jackson, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area, the population at the 2010 census was 2,831, a significant decline from its peak population of 15,203 in 1920. The entire city was evacuated during the 2011 Mississippi River Floods, after the Ohio River rose higher than the 1937 flood levels, the first municipal charter for Cairo and for the Bank of Cairo were issued in 1818, bit without any settlement and without any depositors. A second and successful effort to establish a town was made by the Cairo City and Canal Company in 1836-37, however, this effort collapsed in 1840, with few settlers remaining. Charles Dickens visited Cairo in 1842, and was unimpressed, the city would serve as his prototype for the nightmare City of Eden in his novel Martin Chuzzlewit. A new city charter was written in 1857, and Cairo flourished as trade with Chicago spurred development, by 1860, the population had exceeded 2,000. In January 1862, during the Civil War, however, General Ulysses S. Grant occupied the city, Cairo would become an important supply base and training center for the rest of the war. Grants military occupation caused much of the trade to be diverted to Chicago. Instead, agriculture, lumber, and sawmills now dominated the economy, the strategic importance of Cairos geographic location during the Civil War did spark prosperity. Several banks were founded during the war years, and the growth in banking, even before that, Cairo had been becoming an important steamboat port, and the city had been designated as a port of delivery by Act of Congress in 1854. In 1869 construction began on the United States Custom House and Post Office, the custom house was completed in 1872. It served as a house, post office, and United States Court. The U. S. District Court for the Southern District of Illinois met at the building until 1905, from 1905 to 1942, the building housed the U. S. District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois. The building also housed the U. S. Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Illinois from 1905 to 1912, the post office in the building was the third busiest in the United States at the height of Cairos prosperity. One of only seven of Mullets Victorian structures remaining in the nation and it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
4. East St. Louis, Illinois – East St. Louis is a city in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States across the Mississippi River from St. Louis, Missouri in the Metro-East region of Southern Illinois. Once a bustling industrial center like many cities in the Rust Belt, in 1950, East St. Louis was the fourth largest city in Illinois when population peaked at 82,366. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 27,006, one of the highlights of the citys waterfront is the Gateway Geyser. Located on the grounds of Malcolm W. Martin Memorial Park, designed to complement the Gateway Arch across the river in St. Louis, it shoots water to a height of 630 feet, the same height as the Arch. Native Americans had long inhabited both sides of the Mississippi River, before the Civil War, settlers reported up to 50 mounds in the area that became East St. Louis, but most were lost to 19th-century development and later roadbuilding. East St. Louis lies within the American Bottom area of the present day Metro-East area of St. Louis and this name was given after the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, and European Americans began to settle in the area. The village was first named Illinoistown, East St. Louis was founded in 1797 by Captain James Piggott, a Revolutionary War veteran. In that year Piggott began operating a service across the Mississippi River. When Piggott died in 1799, his widow sold the business, moved to St. Louis County. Famed actress Virginia Mayo was a great granddaughter of Captain Piggott. The municipality called East St. Louis was established on April 1,1861, Illinoistown residents voted on a new name that day, and 183 voted to rename the town East St. Louis. Though it started as a town, East St. Louis soon grew to a larger city at the center of a growing economy in St. Louis. A period of industrial growth followed the American Civil War. Industries in East St. Louis made use of the availability of Illinois coal as fuel. Another early industry was meatpacking and stockyards, concentrated in one area to limit their nuisance to other jurisdictions, in the expansion, many businessmen became overextended in credit, and a major economic collapse followed the Panic of 1873. This was due to railroad and other manufacturing expansion, land speculation, the economic recession began in the East and steadily moved west, severely crippling the railroads, the main system of transportation. In response, railroad companies began dramatically lowering workers wages, forcing employees to work without pay and these wage cuts and additional money-saving tactics prompted strikes and massive unrest. While most of the strikes in the cities during 1877 were accompanied by violence
5. Fulton, Illinois – Fulton is a city in Whiteside County, Illinois, United States. The population was 3,481 at the 2010 census, down from 3,881 in 2000, Fulton is located across the Mississippi River from Clinton, Iowa. A post office called Fulton has been in operation since 1838, the city was named for Robert Fulton, inventor of the steamboat. Fulton is located at 41°52′1″N 90°9′32″W, on the east bank of the Mississippi River near Lock, the most northeastly portion of the county is in the Driftless Area of Illinois, where the Apple River meets the Upper Mississippi River. According to the 2010 census, Fulton has an area of 2.334 square miles. Fulton is a city most known for its pride in its Dutch heritage and this is shown through the addition of a traditional Dutch windmill, De Immigrant, located near the citys dike, which borders the Mississippi. Other local attractions include, the Martin House Museum, Heritage Canyon, the Dutch Days festival held annually on the first weekend of May, and of course its great view of the river. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,881 people,1,582 households, the population density was 1,708.0 people per square mile. There were 1,672 housing units at a density of 735.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97. 91% White,0. 59% African American,0. 18% Native American,0. 52% Asian,0. 33% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 1. 26% of the population. 28. 8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12. 6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.89. In the city, the population was out with 23. 7% under the age of 18,7. 0% from 18 to 24,26. 7% from 25 to 44,22. 5% from 45 to 64. The median age was 40 years, for every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males, the median income for a household in the city was $37,068, and the median income for a family was $45,134. Males had an income of $32,359 versus $20,653 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,845, about 3. 5% of families and 5. 8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7. 8% of those under age 18 and 3. 2% of those age 65 or over
6. Grand Tower, Illinois – Grand Tower is a city in Jackson County, Illinois, United States. The population was 624 at the 2000 census, the town gets its name from Tower Rock, a landmark island in the Mississippi River. Grand Tower is located at 37°37′57″N 89°30′7″W, according to the 2010 census, Grand Tower has a total area of 1.253 square miles, of which 1.25 square miles is land and 0.003 square miles is water. Immediately to the south of the city is a portion of Perry County, Missouri. The islands sole road connection terminates in Grand Tower, the Grand Tower Pipeline Bridge connects a natural gas pipeline across the Mississippi River between Wittenberg, Missouri and Grand Tower. The Grand Tower Energy Center is a 478 megawatt combined cycle gas fired facility which produces power for the region and it is owned by Ameren Energy Generating Company, or Genco. Former names of town include La Tour, Jenkins Landing, Cochrans Woodyard Landing. The earliest inhabitants were a band of pirates, who settled here after, being driven off of Spanish soil, west of the Mississippi River. This outlaw settlement was destroyed by the United States Army dragoons in 1803, a subsequent settler was a man named Walker who is the namesake of Walker Hill. Severe flooding struck the town in 1947, shawnee Elementary School, North - Once a public school, now a private residence as of 2016. A local post office with zip code 62942 provides mail service, three churches, the First United Presbyterian Church, the Grand Tower United Methodist Church, and Light House Christian Assembly Church offer religious services. A work of levees protects the community from flooding when the Mississippi River water levels rise, the Devils Backbone Park, named after a limestone ridge which created a natural bottleneck in the Mississippi River, provided easy opportunity for river pirates to attack keelboats and barges. This park provides RV camping, playgrounds, picnic facilities, as of the census of 2000, there were 624 people,268 households, and 169 families residing in the city. The population density was 496.0 people per square mile, there were 309 housing units at an average density of 245.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98. 24% White,0. 16% African American,0. 32% Native American,0. 64% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 96% of the population. 33. 6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.99. In the city, the population was out with 26. 1% under the age of 18,8. 5% from 18 to 24,27. 2% from 25 to 44,22. 8% from 45 to 64. The median age was 39 years, for every 100 females there were 95.0 males
7. Granite City, Illinois – Granite City is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States, within the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area. The population was 29,849 at the 2010 census, making it the second largest city in the Metro East and Southern Illinois regions, the area was settled much earlier than Granite Citys official founding. In the early 19th century, settlers began to farm the fertile grounds to the east of St. Louis. Around 1801, the saw the establishment of Six Mile Settlement. Soon after, around 1806, the National Road was to be constructed through the area, by 1817, the area became known as Six Mile Prairie, to distinguish it from Six Mile Township. By 1854, the first railroad was built, in 1856, the area known as Six Mile would be changed to Kinder. Since 1866, the brothers had been operating the St. Louis Stamping Company, an iron works company, in the 1870s, William discovered an enamelware process in Europe whereby metal utensils could be coated with enamel to make them lighter and more resistant to oxidation. At the time, most enamelware was usually just one color as the additions of any colors to the process was inefficient, the paper would fall off in the drying process and the pattern was embedded. The brothers pattern made the utensils resemble granite, the resulting product was enormously popular. The brothers opened the Granite Iron Rolling Mills in St. Louis to provide tin to its prospering kitchen supplies manufacturer, the imported tin had a $22 per ton tariff. Frederick ran for Congress in Missouri in 1888, during his one term in the 51st Congress, he successfully urged the passage of a new tariff of 50 percent of value on imported iron and tin. With the increased tariff, the U. S. steel industry took off, as they planned expansion of their Bessemer process steel works, they were blocked by the city of St. Louis which did not want the expansion. As well, the Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis planned to tax coal crossing the Mississippi River into Missouri, in 1891, the brothers bought 3,500 acres from business tycoon Lars Kovala. This land extended from the Mississippi River across the Chicago, Burlington, with the help of the St. Louis City Engineer, a street grid was laid out with streets listed in alphabetic order plus numbered streets, and the only exception being Niedringhaus Avenue. The Niedringhaus family required that its employees live in the town, houses were purchased with Niedringhaus mortgages. Unlike Pullman, however, they did not exert control over the day-to-day lives of their employees. African-Americans were not allowed in the community and instead congregated in Brooklyn, the plant would later grow to occupy 1,250,000 square feet and employ more than 4,000 people. The plant prospered until the 1950s when aluminum, stainless steel, the granite pattern in kitchen utensils, particularly in roasting pans, remains very popular
8. Kaskaskia, Illinois – Kaskaskia is a historically important village in Randolph County, Illinois, United States. In the 2010 census the population was 14, making it the second-smallest incorporated community in the State of Illinois in terms of population, behind Valley City. As a major French colonial town of the Illinois Country, in the 18th century its population was about 7,000. During the American Revolutionary War, the town, which by then had become a center for the British Province of Quebec, was taken by the Virginia militia during the Illinois campaign. It was designated as the county seat of Illinois County, Virginia, Kaskaskia was later named as the capital of the United States Illinois Territory, created on February 3,1809. In 1818, when Illinois became the 21st U. S. state, the town served as the states first capital until 1819. Most of the town was destroyed in April 1881 by flooding, as the Mississippi River shifted eastward to a new channel and this resulted from deforestation of the river banks during the 19th century, due to crews taking wood for fuel to feed the steamboat and railroad traffic. The river now passes east rather than west of the town, the state boundary line, however, remained in its original location. Accordingly, if the Mississippi River is considered to be a break in continuity, Kaskaskia is an exclave of Illinois, lying west of the Mississippi. A small bridge crosses the old riverbed, now a creek that is filled with water during flood season. Kaskaskia has an Illinois telephone area code and a Missouri ZIP Code and its roads are maintained by Illinois Dept. of Transportation, and its few residents vote in the Illinois elections. The town was evacuated in the Great Flood of 1993, which covered it with more than nine feet deep. In 2010, How the States Got Their Shapes on the History Channel featured Kaskaskia, the former Randolph County Sheriff was featured discussing different sites on Kaskaskia Island. The site of Kaskaskia near the river was first a Native American village, the historic Illini peoples lived in this area at the time of European encounter and traded with the French colonists. In 1703, French Jesuit missionaries established a mission with the goal of converting the Illini Native Americans to Catholicism, the congregation built its first stone church in 1714. The French also had a fur trading post in the village, Canadien settlers moved in to farm and to exploit the lead mines on the Missouri side of the river. Favorably situated on a peninsula on the east side of the Mississippi River, Kaskaskia became the capital of Upper Louisiana and the French built Fort de Chartres nearby in 1718. In the same year they imported the first enslaved Africans, shipped from Santo Domingo in the Caribbean, from the years of early French settlement, Kaskaskia was a multicultural village, consisting of a few French men and numerous Illinois and other American Indians
9. Moline, Illinois – Moline is a city located in Rock Island County, Illinois, United States. With a population of 43,977 in 2010, it is the largest city in Rock Island County, Moline is one of the Quad Cities, along with neighboring East Moline and Rock Island in Illinois and the cities of Davenport and Bettendorf in Iowa. The Quad Cities has an estimate of 381,342. The city is the ninth-most populated city in Illinois outside of the Chicago Metropolitan Area. S, Quad City International Airport, Niabi Zoo, Black Hawk College, and the Quad Cities campus of Western Illinois University-Quad Cities. Moline is a hub for the Illinois Quad Cities, as South Park Mall. In the mid-1990s, the city undertook major efforts to revitalize its central business district, today, Molines downtown again serves as one of the civic and recreational hubs of the Quad Cities, many events take place at the 12, 000-seat iWireless Center and at John Deere Commons. Downtown Moline features hotels such as Radisson and Stoney Creek Inn, and commercial areas such as Bass Street Landing, the city of Moline is nestled beside and on a broad bluff situated between the banks of the Mississippi River and Rock River in Rock Island County, Illinois. The citys highland areas are cut across by many ravines that break up the city into natural neighborhoods. The city is bounded to the east by East Moline and to the west by Rock Island, Moline is located approximately 165 miles west of Chicago and approximately 164 miles northwest of Springfield, Illinois. The area is served by four highways, Interstate 74, Interstate 280, Interstate 80. This airport is the third busiest one in the state of Illinois, following Chicagos OHare International Airport and Midway Airport. According to the 2010 census, the city has an area of 16.66 square miles. Temperatures reach 100 °F only several years per decade, and −20 °F readings are even rarer, the average window for freezing temperatures is October 10 thru April 24, allowing a growing season of 168 days. Snowfall averages 31.6 inches per season, but has ranged as low as 11.1 in in 1901–02 to 69.7 in in 1974–75, on average, measurable snow occurs from November 21 to March 26, and rarely in October. Unlike much of the Midwest, measurable snow has never occurred in May. Indigenous peoples of varying cultures inhabited areas along the river over thousands of years, using it for transportation, water and this tribe saw the land between the Rock and Mississippi rivers as ideal for farming and fishing. In 1832 Chief Black Hawk declared war on the United States, when the war ended later that year, Black Hawk and his people were forced to leave the area and go north, paving the way for more European-American settlers to enter the Mississippi Valley. Sears and a group of associates built a 600-foot stone-and-brush dam across Sylvan Slough, thereby connecting the southern bank of the Mississippi River to what is today called Arsenal Island
10. Rock Island, Illinois – Rock Island is a city in and the county seat of Rock Island County, Illinois, United States. The original Rock Island, from which the city name is derived, is the largest island on the Mississippi River and it is now called Arsenal Island. The population was 39,018 at the 2010 census, located on the Mississippi River, it is one of the Quad Cities, along with neighboring Moline, East Moline, and the Iowa cities of Davenport and Bettendorf. The Quad Cities has a population of about 380,000, the city is home to Rock Island Arsenal, the largest government-owned weapons manufacturing arsenal in the US, which employs 6,000 people. Theres a wide variety of housing available in Rock Island including historic homes, new downtown condos, new construction in the heart of the city, the Rock Island-Milan School District, Rockridge School District along with private schools, serve the city. The District has art galleries and theaters, nightclubs and coffee shops, golf courses, parks, a casino, botanical center, marina, historic tours, bike paths, and festivals offer entertainment opportunities. In 2015 Rock Island was ranked the 32nd Best Small City in the based on economic health, affordability. Rock Island made the list of the nations 25 Most Affordable Housing Markets and this area has been a fortuitous place first for settlement and then for steamboat traffic, bridges, and railroads. Various Native American tribes occupied this area for thousands of years before settlement, by the early nineteenth century, it was occupied chiefly by the historic Sauk tribe. Their major village of Saukenuk was located on the side of Rock Island. After the War of 1812, the United States built Fort Armstrong on the island for defensive reasons in 1816, Saukenuk was the birthplace of the Sauk war chief Black Hawk, for whom the Black Hawk War of 1831–1832 was named. Fort Armstrong served as the US militarys headquarters for the war, today the Black Hawk State Historic Site, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, includes much of the site of the original village of Saukenuk. The park includes a museum and a number of hiking trails along the Rock River, the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad was founded here in 1851. It was informally known as the Rock Island Line, as part of later nineteenth-century development, two first-class hotels, the Harper House and the Rock Island House were built in town. Rock Island Arsenal has manufactured military equipment and ordnance for the U. S. Army since the 1880s, the railroad was liquidated in bankruptcy in 1980. The first railroad bridge across the Mississippi River was built between Arsenal Island and Davenport in 1856, two weeks after the bridge opened, the steamboat Effie Afton collided with the bridge, caught fire, and damaged the bridge. The owner of the Effie Afton sued the company for damages. This test case was appealed to the United States Supreme Court, although the original bridge is long gone, a monument exists on Arsenal Island marking the Illinois side
11. Quincy, Illinois – Quincy, known as Illinoiss Gem City, is a city on the Mississippi River and the county seat of Adams County, Illinois, United States. The 2010 census counted a population of 40,633 in the city itself, as of July 1,2015, the Quincy Micro Area had an estimated population of 77,220. During the 19th Century, Quincy was a transportation center as riverboats and rail service linked the city to many destinations west. It was once Illinois second-largest city, surpassing Peoria in 1870, Quincys location along the Mississippi River has attracted settlers for centuries. The first known inhabitants to the region were of the Illiniwek tribe, Years later, following numerous incursions, the Sauk, Fox and Kickapoo also called the site home. The French became the first European presence to colonize the region, after Louis Jolliet, Jacques Marquette, fur goods became a valuable commodity of the region, and European explorers and merchants alike were attracted to the prospects of the growing fur trade of the North American frontier. The Mississippi River, acting as a superhighway for transporting goods downstream, following the events of the Seven Years War, which ended in 1763, Great Britain took control of New France, including that of the Illinois Territory. The Illinois Territory changed hands again a few decades later during the American Revolutionary War, after the British failed to regain their former colonies in the War of 1812, the American government granted military tracts to veterans as a means to help populate the West. Peter Flinn, having acquired the land from veteran Mark McGowan for his service in 1819, ended up selling 160 acres of land acquisitions to Moravia. John Wood later founded Quincy, which at the time was coined Bluffs, in 1825, Bluffs renamed their community Quincy and became the seat of government for Adams County, both named after newly elected President John Quincy Adams. Quincy incorporated as a city in 1840, in 1838, following the signing of Missouri Executive Order 44, many members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints fled persecution in Missouri and found shelter in Quincy. Despite being vastly outnumbered by Mormon refugees, residents provided food, joseph Smith then led members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 40 miles upstream to Nauvoo, Illinois, in hopes of finding a permanent home. Also in 1838, Quincy sheltered the Pottawatomie tribe as they were relocated from Indiana to Kansas. The 1850s and 1860s brought increased prosperity to Quincy, steamboats and railroads began linking Quincy to places west, making the city a frequent destination for migrants. In 1860, Quincy founder and Lieutenant Governor John Wood inherited the governorship after William H. Bissell died while in office, at the time, he was overseeing business interests and the construction of his mansion. The Illinois legislature allowed him to stay in Quincy during his tenure and his absence from the official Governors office in Springfield provided Abraham Lincoln a space for planning his Presidential run. The matter of slavery was a religious and social issue in Quincys early years. Dr. Richard Eells, who was a staunch abolitionist, built his home in Quincy in 1835 and his home became a major stop on the Underground Railroad
12. Nauvoo, Illinois – Nauvoo is a small city in Hancock County, Illinois, United States, on the Mississippi River near Fort Madison, Iowa. The population of Nauvoo was 1,149 at the 2010 census, the city and its immediate surrounding area are listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Nauvoo Historic District. The area of Nauvoo was first called Quashquema, named in honor of the Native American chief who headed a Sauk, by 1827, white settlers had built cabins in the area. By 1829 this area of Hancock County had grown sufficiently so that a post office was needed and in 1832 the town, however, the honor was awarded to a nearby city, Carthage. In 1834 the name Venus was changed to Commerce because the settlers felt that the new name better suited their plans, the name Nauvoo is derived from the traditional Hebrew language with an anglicized spelling. The word comes from Isaiah 52,7, “How beautiful upon the mountains. ”It is notable that “by 1844 Nauvoos population had swollen to 12,000, after Joseph Smiths death in 1844, continuing violence from surrounding non-Mormons forced most Latter-Day Saints to leave Nauvoo. Most of these refugees, led by Brigham Young, eventually emigrated to the Great Salt Lake Valley, in 1849, Icarians moved to the Nauvoo area to implement a utopian socialist commune based on the ideals of French philosopher Étienne Cabet. At its peak the colony numbered over 500 members, but Cabets death in 1856 caused some members to leave this parent colony, in the early and mid 20th century Nauvoo was primarily a Roman Catholic town, and the majority of the population today is Catholic. Guided tours are available at the churchs Joseph Smith Historic Site, located at the end of the town. The LDS Church owns most of the historic sites in Nauvoo, including the homes of Brigham Young. Kimball, and other members of the church, as well as other significant buildings. Most of these sites are open to the public, with demonstrations and displays and these tours are free, as are the stage and riverside theatrical productions. There is a visitors center complete with two theaters and a relief map of 1846 Nauvoo. The creation of Nauvoo as a tourism destination was largely a result of the work of J. LeRoy Kimball. Kimball was a descendent of early Mormon leader Heber C, Kimball, and bought his ancestors home in 1954 with the intention of restoring it. He was the president of Nauvoo Restoration, Inc. from 1962 to 1986, an LDS congregation was established in Nauvoo in 1956, from its inception consisting largely of elderly LDS couples serving as missionaries and historical guides. The City of Joseph Pageant, a musical produced by the LDS Church. An LDS stake was organized with headquarters at Nauvoo in 1979, in addition to the many homes that had been restored, the Relief Society Memorial Garden was dedicated in 1978, featuring statues designed by Dennis Smith and Florence Hansen