Category:Indian military memorials and cemeteries
Pages in category "Indian military memorials and cemeteries"
The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Amar Jawan Jyoti – Amar Jawan Jyoti is an Indian memorial constructed after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 to commemorate the dead and unknown soldiers of the Indian Armed Forces who died during the war. The memorial was constructed in December 1971 and inaugurated by Indira Gandhi in 1972, Amar Jawan Jyoti is located under India Gate at Rajpath in New Delhi and consists of a marble pedestal on which a cenotaph is situated. Amar Jawan is scripted in gold on all four sides of the cenotaph and on top, the pedestal is bound by four urns, one of which holds a continuously burning flame. From 3 December 1971 to 16 December 1971, India had a confrontation with Pakistan during the liberation war in East Pakistan. Creation of Bangladesh was majorly assisted by India during which many Indian soldiers lost their lives, on 26 January 1972, the monument was officially inaugurated by Indira Gandhi. The main structure was constructed in 1921 by Edwin Lutyens. Amar Jawan Jyoti was added under the India Gate in 1971, Amar Jawan Jyoti is located under India Gate at Rajpath in New Delhi. It consists of a pedestal on which a cenotaph is situated. Amar Jawan is scripted in gold on all four sides of the cenotaph and on top, the pedestal is bound by four urns, in one of which a flame has been burning continuously since 1971. The person responsible for keeping the flame burning lives in a room under the arch, from 1971 to 2006, LPG was used as fuel source and from 2006, CNG is used as source. Each of the four urns has a flame but only one of the four flames burns throughout the year, on Indian Independence and Republic Days, the Amar Jawan Jyoti is manned 24/7 by soldiers from the Army, Air Force and the Indian Navy. Constructed after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, the Amar Jawan Jyoti commemorates the dead, the burning flame is considered immortal
2. Dras War Memorial – Dras War Memorial, also known as the Vijaypath, is a war memorial built by the Indian Army, located in Dras, in the foothills of the Tololing Hill. The memorial is located about 5 km from the city centre across the Tiger Hill and it is located on the Srinagar-Leh National Highway 1D. The memorial is in the memory of the soldiers and officers of the Indian Army who were killed during the 1999 conflict between India and Pakistan, the conflict later became known as the Kargil War. The memorial has an epitaph with names of all the officers and soldiers who died in war. Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 26 July every year at the memorial simultaneously the Prime Minister of India pays tribute to the soldiers at Amar Jawan Jyothi at the India Gate, New Delhi. Visitors to the memorial can also see there, some of the peaks that the Indian army captured back from Pakistan. The gallery houses pictures of soldiers marching on the slopes, soldiers cooking food in the upper reaches during the war. Media related to Dras War Memorial at Wikimedia Commons
3. Former Indian National Army Monument – The Former Indian National Army Monument is a historical site and a war memorial at the Esplanade Park located at Connaught Drive within the downtown of Singapore. The monument was constructed to commemorate the Unknown Warrior of the Indian National Army, the words inscribed on the war memorial were its motto, which is Unity, Faith and Sacrifice. It was built during the Japanese Occupation of Singapore as the Japanese, subhas Chandra Bose laid the foundation stone on July 8,1945, a few months before Singapore was recaptured by the British. The monument was erected within a month by the Japanese. The construction of the monument was proposed by Bose, the co-founder of the INA, the INA was backed by the Japanese forces for its goal of gaining Indias independence from Britain. Mountbattens intention was to remove all traces of rebellion against British imperial authority, history of Singapore Japanese Occupation of Singapore Indian National Army Civilian War Memorial Kranji War Memorial The Cenotaph, Singapore INA War Memorial in Singapore
4. Imphal War Cemetery – The Imphal War Cemetery is located in Imphal, the capital of the Indian state of Manipur, in Northeast India, which has an international border with upper Burma. The cemetery has 1,600 Commonwealth burials of the Second World War and is maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, earl Louis Mountbatten described the battle fought at Imphal and Kohima as probably one of the greatest battles in history. In 2013, the Battle of Kohima and Imphal was voted as one of the greatest battles in history, the cemetery is located in Imphal, in a small locality of Deulahland 10 kilometres away from the Imphal International Airport. It is approachable from the Imphal-Dimapur Highway 39, through a road which is about 1 kilometre to the right of the high way. Daily air services operate from Calcutta, Guwahati and Silchar, the road distance from Imphal to Kohima is 135 kilometres to its north and to Silchar is 160 kilometres to its west. Regular buses operate between Guwahati in Assam to Imphal, there is no rail network in Manipur. During the Second World War, in 1942 the Japanese Army occupied Burma by defeating the Commonwealth forces, after the defeat in Burma, the British army divisions had retreated to Imphal in India as it was the easiest route from Burma. Indian diaspora in Burma, of nearly 400,000 people, also fled to India, considering Imphal’s strategic importance, the Japanese forces attacked Manipur in the spring of 1944. The Japanese started bombing Imphal, severed a part of the link between Imphal and Dimapur and held siege over Imphal for over three months. The 14th Army of the Commonwealth Forces fought fiercely and caused casualties of the Japanese forces. The siege of Imphal was lifted in the summer of 1944, the battle ended on 22 June 1944 when British and Indian troops from Kohima and Imphal met at Milestone 109. This battle is considered only to the Battle of Kohima. For the Japanese army the control over Imphal, in the “bloody plains” was very expensive in terms of casualties as nearly 50,000 of their soldiers died here and this battle has been termed as the “Normandy of the east”. It is reported that during the Second World War, the number of dead in the Kohima and Imphal sectors in India, put together, was 65,000 Japanese troops and 18,000 British, initially, the cemetery had 950 burials of war dead. The memorial has markers with plaques with the name of each of the fallen. Visitor Information Panels have been proposed for display at the memorial, a memorial service was organized at the cemetery on the occasion of the 70th Anniversary of the Battle of Imphal on 27 June 2014. Duggal and other members placed wreaths on the graves, encyclopaedia of Tourism Resources in India
5. India Gate – The India Gate, is a war memorial located astride the Rajpath, on the eastern edge of the ‘ceremonial axis’ of New Delhi, India, formerly called Kingsway. 13,300 servicemens names, including soldiers and officers from the United Kingdom, are inscribed on the gate. It was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and this structure, called Amar Jawan Jyoti, or the Flame of the Immortal Soldier, since 1971 has served as Indias Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The India gate, which is illuminated every evening, from 19,00 to 21,30, is a major tourist attraction, motor cars, moved through India Gate, till it was closed to traffic. The Republic Day Parade starts from Rashtrapati Bhavan and passes around the India Gate, the All-India War Memorial in New Delhi was designed by Edwin Lutyens, who was not only the main architect of New Delhi, but a leading designer of war memorials. He was a member of the IWGC, and one of Europes foremost designers of war graves, All-India War Memorial in New Delhi, like the Cenotaph, in London, is secular memorial, free of religious and culturally-specific iconography such as crosses. Lutyens according to his biographer, Christopher Hussey, relied on elemental Mode, the 42-metre tall India Gate, stands on a low base of red Bharatpur stone and rises in stages to a huge moulding. The shallow domed bowl at the top was intended to be filled with burning oil on anniversaries, the India Gate hexagon complex, with a diameter of about 625 metres, covers approximately 306,000 m² in area. The cornice of the India Gate is inscribed with the Imperial suns while both sides of the arch have INDIA, flanked by the dates MCMXIV and MCMXIX, due to security reasons access to read the names on the memorial is restricted. The names can be however be seen on the Delhi Memorial The names on the gate include that of a staff nurse from the Territorial Force. About 150 metres East of the India Gate war memorial, at a junction of six roads, is a 73-foot cupola, Lutyens used four Delhi Order columns to support the domed canopy and its chhajja. The suggestion was discussed in the Indian Parliament. In 1981, the Government in response to a question in parliament confirmed that it was considering the installation of Mahatma K Gandhi statue under the empty canopy and it was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on 26 January 1972, the 23rd Republic Day. Since the installation of the Amar Jawan Jyoti, in 1971, Amar Jawan Jyoti is manned round the clock by soldiers drawn from the three services of the Indian armed forces. Wreaths are placed at the Amar Jawan Jyoti on 26 January, by the Prime Minister of India, and Chiefs of Armed Forces, on Vijay Diwas, and on Infantry Day. Infantry Day, is the day Indian Infantry air landed at Srinagar on 27 October 1947 to stop and defeat the Pakistani mercenaries attack on Jammu and Kashmir. 68th Infantry day was marked by ‘Wreath Laying’ ceremony at ‘Amar Jawan Jyoti’ by Chief of Army Staff, Gen Dalbir Singh, in July 2014 the Government announced plans to construct a National War Memorial around the canopy, and a National War Museum in adjoining Princess Park. The War Memorial and Museum are expected to cost Rupees 400 crores or about US Dollars 66 Million, robert Garside, a British runner, also known as The Runningman began the first run around-the-world run from India Gate in October 2000
6. Commonwealth War Graves Commission – The Commission is also responsible for commemorating Commonwealth civilians who died as a result of enemy action during World War II. The Commission was founded by Fabian Ware and constituted through Royal Charter in 1917 named the Imperial War Graves Commission, the change to the present name took place in 1960. The Commission, as part of its mandate, is responsible for commemorating all Commonwealth war dead individually and equally, to this end, the war dead are commemorated by name on a headstone, at an identified site of a burial, or on a memorial. War dead are commemorated uniformly and equally, irrespective of military or civil rank, the Commission is currently responsible for the continued commemoration of 1.7 million deceased Commonwealth military service members in 153 countries. Since its inception, the Commission has constructed approximately 2,500 war cemeteries, the Commission is currently responsible for the care of war dead at over 23,000 separate burial sites and the maintenance of more than 200 memorials worldwide. The Commission operates through the financial support of the member states, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India. The current President of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission is Prince Edward, at the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Fabian Ware, a director of the Rio Tinto Company, found that he was too old, at age 45, to join the British Army. He used the influence of Rio Tinto chairman, Viscount Milner, the new Graves Registration Commission had over 31,000 graves of British and Imperial soldiers registered by October 1915 and 50,000 registered by May 1916. When municipal graveyards began to overfill Ware began negotiations with local authorities to acquire land for further cemeteries. Ware began with an agreement with France to build joint British, similar negotiations began with the Belgian government. As reports of the grave registration work became public, the Commission began to receive letters of enquiry, by 1917,17,000 photographs had been dispatched to relatives. In March 1915, the Commission, with the support of the Red Cross, began to dispatch photographic prints, the directorates work was also extended beyond the Western Front and into other theatres of war, with units deployed in Greece, Egypt and Mesopotamia. As the war continued, Ware and others concerned about the fate of the graves in the post-war period. The National Committee for the Care of Soldiers Graves was created with the intention of taking over the work of the Directorate of Graves Registration, the government felt that it was more appropriate to entrust the work to a specially appointed body rather than to any existing government department. By early 1917, a number of members of the committee believed a formal imperial organisation would be needed to care for the graves. With the help of Edward, Prince of Wales, Ware submitted a memorandum to the Imperial War Conference in 1917 suggesting that an imperial organisation be constituted, the Commissions undertakings began in earnest at the end of the First World War. Once land for cemeteries and memorials had been guaranteed, the task of recording the details of the dead could begin. By 1918, some 587,000 graves had been identified, the scale, and associated high number of casualties, of the war produced an entirely new attitude towards the commemoration of war dead
7. Kargil Chowk – Kargil Chowk is a War memorial. It was established in year 2000, at the North-East corner of Gandhi Maidan and it is dedicated to the soldiers from Bihar & Jharkhand who had sacrificed their lives in the Kargil War in 1999. Following are the martyrs whose names are engraved on Kargil Chowk war memorial, Kargil Kargil War Bihar Regiment Kargil Martyrs Remembered
8. Kohima War Cemetery – Kohima War Cemetery is a memorial dedicated to soldiers of the 2nd British Division of the Allied Forces who died in the Second World War at Kohima, the capital of Nagaland, India, in April 1944. The soldiers died on the battleground of Garrison Hill in the court area of the Deputy Commissioners residence. The memorial was inaugurated by Field Marshal Sir William Slim, then Commander of the 14th Army in Burma and this location is on the ridge below and above the tennis court. The cemetery is on the side of the Imphal-Dimapur road and 200 kilometres from the Indo-Burma border. Kohima is well-connected by air services from Calcutta, Delhi, on land, the journey from Guwahati is long and arduous. In March 1944, the Japanese 15th Army attacked the British troops stationed in Kohima, in the first week of April, the Japanese attacked at Kohima and Imphal via Mizoram from the Indo-Burma border, to destroy the supply bases of the British. They laid siege on the Allied forces stationed at Kohima and also at Imphal, there were heavy casualties on both sides. This battle was the point for the Allied forces. In 2013, the British National Army Museum voted the Battle of Imphal, the cemetery is set in peaceful surroundings with well-manicured grassland in which roses bloom in season. The cemetery is sited at the location where the battle was fought. It is marked at its two ends by tall, concrete structures engraved with the cross and these markers are made distinctly visible by a white wash. There are two crosses, one at the upper end and the other at the lower end of the cemetery. The upper-end memorial is located at the highest end of the cemetery and it commemorates the names of the Indian and Sikh soldiers who were part of the British Indian Army and died on the battlefield. The epitaph inscribed on this memorial reads, The lower-end memorial is dedicated to the 2nd Division and it is a 15 feet tall, massive stone fixed over a dressed stone platform. This stone was located on a spur at Maram, to the south of Kohima. While the top part of the memorial is marked with a cross and it was destroyed during the battle. Hence, Kohima Battle is also known as the Battle Under the Cherry Tree, close to the Garrison Hill, memorials for the 2nd Battalion, the Dorsetshire Regiment, and several other regiments have been established. On the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II in 2005, Brigadier John Farmer, representing the Royal British Legion, and Brigadier RL Sharma of the 2nd Assam Rifles, laid wreaths at the memorial
9. Lascar War Memorial – The word comes from the Persian Lashkar, meaning military camp or army, and al-askar, the Arabic word for a guard or soldier. The Portuguese adapted this term to lascarim, meaning an Asian militiaman or seaman, Lascars served on British ships under lascar agreements which gave shipowners more control than the usual agreement. The sailors could be transferred from one ship to another and retained in service for up to three years at one time, the name lascar was also used to refer to Indian servants, typically engaged by British military officers. The Lascar War Memorial was erected by shipping and mercantile companies, in the memory of the 896 Lascars of undivided Bengal, the monument is situated at the southern end of the Maidan, on Naiper Road, Hastings, near Prinsep Ghat. The 100 feet high monument was unveiled by Lord Lytton, then Governor of Bengal on 6 February 1924, the monument, built in typical Oriental style, is a four-sided column, having designs reflecting the prow of an ancient galley on each side of the column. The upper part of the monument consists of four small minarets, a typical Indian look has been given by adding wavy lines beneath the projected balcony, which symbolises waves, along with chhajjas and trellises. The Lascar War Memorial has similarities with the tower of Chittor. Pauls Cathedral, Kolkata with a tower, William Ingram Keir won a prize of Rupees 500 for designing the memorial. The inside of the Memorial is approached through a doorway on the Northern wall. The interior contains three plaques below the inscription Lascar Memorial, one plaque commemorates the unveiling of the memorial by Lord Lytton, then Governor of Bengal on 6 Feb.1924. The third smaller plaques tells about the renovation and lighting of the Lascar War Memorial, in 1994, commodore B K Mohanti spotted the ruined and neglected Lascar War Memorial overgrown with vegetation during his morning walk. Recognising the importance of the monument, Mohanty arranged for funds for the renovation of the memorial, the renovation and lightning was completed in December 1994. A. L. Dias, then Governor of West Bengal, Lascar War memorial is the venue for several events, National Navy Day of India is celebrated every year at the Lascar War Memorial every year on 4 November. On 4 November 2012, James Keir, son of William Ingram Keir, commodore B K Mohanti, who took the initiative to restore the memorial, was also present. The event was an initiative by Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage, Kolkata Chapter, on 13 Jan.2013 the Lascar War Memorial was the venue of the Apeejay Kolkata Literary Festival. Apeejay Kolkata Literary Festival 2013 on its closing day hosted an afternoon session at the compound of the Lascar War Memorial. The event consisted of several book reading sections, a debate on the topic Is Kolkata still the capital of India. Apeejay Kolkata Literary Festival also featured the performance of traditional baul singers