The Beau Sancy is a 34. 98-carat modified pear double rose cut diamond found in India that has been owned by a number of European royal houses. In May 2012, it was sold at Sothebys auction in Geneva for $9.57 million, the original estimated price of $2 million was lifted five times during the eight-minute battle between five buyers, before the diamond was sold to one of them who remained anonymous. The Beau Sancy diamond takes its name from Nicolas de Harlay, Lord of Sancy and its larger sibling diamond, the Grand Sancy, was sold to James I of England for his Queen, Henrietta Maria. The Beau Sancy was acquired by the Queen of France, Marie de Medicis, from Marie de Medicis, it passed to the Dutch King William, William III of England, and his wife Queen Mary II. In 1701 it passed from the Dutch royal family to Frederick I of Prussia, guardian article on the Beau Sancy BBC page on the Beau Sancy
The Nassak Diamond is a large,43.38 carats diamond that originated as a larger 89 carat diamond in the 15th century in India. The British East India Company captured the diamond through the Third Anglo-Maratha War and sold it to British jewellers Rundell and Bridge recut the diamond in 1818, after which it made its way into the handle of the 1st Marquess of Westminsters dress sword. The Nassak Diamond was imported into the United States in 1927, American jeweller Harry Winston acquired the Nassak Diamond in 1940 in Paris and recut it to its present flawless 43.38 carats emerald cut shape. Winston sold the diamond to a New York jewellery firm in 1942, mrs. William B. Leeds of New York received the gem in 1944 as a sixth anniversary present and wore it in a ring. The Nassak Diamond was last sold at an auction in New York in 1970 to Edward J. Hand, the Nassak Diamond originated in the 15th century in India. From at least 1500 to 1817, the Nassak Diamond adorned the Shivalinga in the Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple, near Nashik, as priests worshiped Shiva, the diamond eventually acquired its name from its long-term proximity to Nashik.
In 1817, the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India began the Third Anglo-Maratha War, during the Maratha war, the Nassak Diamond disappeared from the Shiva temple. The war ended in 1818 and the British East India Company was left decisively in control of most of India. The Nassak Diamond quickly resurfaced in the possession of Baji Rao II the last independent Indian Peshwa Prince, in turn, Briggs delivered the diamond to Francis Rawdon-Hastings, the 1st Marquess of Hastings who had conducted the military operations against the Peshwa. Rawdon-Hastings delivered the diamond to the East India Company as part of the spoils of the Maratha war, the East India Company sent the Nassak Diamond to England, to be sold on the London diamond market in 1818. At the London diamond market, the Nassak Diamond was presented as an approximately 89 carats diamond of great purity but of bad form, the diamond further was characterised as a rudely faceted, lustreless mass. Despite its appearance, the diamond was sold for about 3,000 pounds to Rundell and Bridge and Bridge held onto the diamond for the next 13 years.
The recut by Rundell and Bridge from 89.75 carats to 78.625 carats resulted of a loss of no more than 10 percent of the weight of the diamond. In 1831, Rundell and Bridge sold the diamond to the Emanuel Brothers for about 7,200 pounds, six years in 1837, the Emanuel Brothers sold the Nassak Diamond at a public sale to Robert Grosvenor, the 1st Marquess of Westminster. At one point, the Marquess mounted the diamond in the handle of his dress sword, in 1886, the diamond was valued at between 30,000 and 40,000 pounds, due in part to its vast gain in brilliancy from the re-cut by Rundell and Bridge. In 1922, George Mauboussin had become the partner of Mauboussin, Successeur de Noury. In March 1927, the Duke of Westminster used US importers Mayers, Osterwald & Muhlfeld to sell the diamond to Parisian jeweller George Mauboussin and that sale never materialised and the lawsuit continued. The diamond was nearly lost in a theft occurred in January 1929
The colors of this 32+ carat diamond evokes the Koi fish legend and sacred symbolism cherished by East Asians. The graduations of color of white, light yellow, for over two thousand years, the Koi legend enthralled and inspired people in China. It is a story of endurance and beauty, visually captivating, Koi fish are described as swimming up the Yellow River, their body flashing in the sunlight and glittering like a million living diamonds. Once they reach the waterfall, only the most determined throw their bodies into the air, demons played against them for one hundred years until one heroic Koi succeeded. The Gods rewarded that Koi by transforming it into a shining Golden Dragon, because of their endurance and perseverance, the Koi are symbolic of overcoming adversity and fulfilling one’s destiny. Chinese artists sometimes pair two Koi fish to represent the forces of life-dark and light and feminine and masculine
The Daria-i-Noor (Persian, دریای نور which means “Sea of light” in Persian, is one of the largest cut diamonds in the world, weighing an estimated 182 carats. Its colour, pale pink, is one of the rarest to be found in diamonds, the Daria-i-Noor is in the Iranian Crown Jewels of Central Bank of Iran in Tehran. This diamond, like the Koh-i-Noor, was mined at the Paritala-Kollur Mine in Andhra Pradesh and it was originally owned by the Kakatiya dynasty, it was looted by Turkic Khilji dynasty and to Mughal emperors. In 1739, Nader Shah of Iran invaded Northern India, occupied Delhi, daria-i-noor, along with the Koh-i-noor, was acquired by Ranjit Singh of Sikh Empire. It finally came into the possession of East India Company when Punjab fell under the British Rule in 1849, daria-i-noor was one of the main attractions of The Great Exhibition in 1851. In 1852, Hamilton and Company auctioned the diamond under the direction of the British government, at the auction, the diamond was purchased by Khwaja Alimullah from Dhaka Nawab Family.
In his visit to Calcutta in 1887, Viceroy of India Lord Dufferin went to see the diamond at Baliganj, daria-i-noor was seen by King George V and Queen Mary during their visit to Calcutta in 1912. After the Partition of India in 1947, the diamond was transferred from Calcutta to Dhaka, in 1985, a group of experts approved the genuineness of the diamond through an examination. Treasury of National Jewels of Iran
The Hope Diamond is one of the most famous jewels in the world, with ownership records dating back almost four centuries. Its much-admired rare blue color is due to amounts of boron atoms. Weighing 45.52 carats, its size has revealed new findings about the formation of gemstones. The jewel is believed to have originated in India, where the stone was purchased in 1666 by French gem merchant Jean-Baptiste Tavernier as the Tavernier Blue. The Tavernier Blue was cut and yielded the French Blue, which Tavernier sold to King Louis XIV in 1668. Stolen in 1791, it was recut, with the largest section acquiring its Hope name when it appeared in the catalogue of a gem collection owned by a London banking family called Hope in 1839. After going through numerous owners, it was sold to Washington socialite Evalyn Walsh McLean who was seen wearing it. The Hope Diamond has long been rumored to carry a curse and it was last reported to be insured for $250 million. It is blue to the eye because of trace amounts of boron within its crystal structure.
It has been described as the most famous diamond in the world, weight, In December 1988, the Gemological Institute of Americas Gem Trade Lab determined that the diamond weighed 45.52 carats. Size and shape, The diamond has been compared in size and shape to an egg, walnut. As colored-diamond expert Stephen Hofer points out, blue diamonds similar to the Hope can be shown by colorimetric measurements to be grayer than blue sapphires. In 1996, the Gemological Institute of Americas Gem Trade Lab examined the diamond and, using their proprietary scale, the gray modifier is so dark that it produces an inky effect appearing almost blackish-blue in incandescent light. Current photographs of the Hope Diamond use high-intensity light sources tend to maximize the brilliance of gemstones. Tavernier had described it as a beautiful violet, the red glow helps scientists fingerprint blue diamonds, allowing them to tell the real ones from the artificial. The red glow indicates that a different mix of boron and nitrogen is within the stone, The clarity was determined to be VS1, with whitish graining present.
Cut, The cut was described as being cushion antique brilliant with a faceted girdle, according to Smithsonian curator Dr. Jeffrey Post, the boron may be responsible for causing the blue color of the stones after tests using infrared light measured a spectrum of the gems. It was described as cool to the touch and he wrote, You cradle the 45
The Patiala Necklace was a necklace created by the House of Cartier in 1928. It was made for and named after Bhupinder Singh of Patiala, the ruling Maharaja of the state of Patiala. It contained 2,930 diamonds, including as its centrepiece, the seventh largest diamond, the De Beers, that had a 428 carat pre-cut weigh. The piece contained seven other diamonds ranging from 18 to 73 carats, in 1982, at a Sothebys auction in Geneva, the De Beers diamond reappeared. There, it was sold for $3.16 million, in 1998, the missing part of the necklace was found at a second-hand jewellery shop in London by an unnamed buyer. The remaining large jewels were missing, in particular, the Burmese rubies as well as the 18 to 73 carat stones that were mounted on a pendant, Cartier purchased the incomplete necklace and, after four years, restored it to resemble the original. They replaced the lost diamonds with cubic zirconia and synthetic diamonds, and mounted a replica of the original De Beers diamond
Aurora Butterfly of Peace
The Aurora Butterfly of Peace diamond collection is an artwork consisting of 240 natural, fancy colored diamonds weighing a combined total of 167 carats. This butterfly-shaped diamond mosaic was created over a period of years by Alan Bronstein. The Aurora Butterfly of Peace was conceived as an icon of love, energy, nature. From November 2004 until July 2005, the Butterfly of Peace was exhibited in the National Gem Collection Gallery at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, a smaller version of the Butterfly of Peace was displayed at the Houston Museum of Natural Science from June 1994 to March 1996. Two research studies involving the Butterfly of Peace have resulted in new scientific breakthroughs about fluorescence and phosphorescence in colored diamonds, the phenomena of fluorescence can be seen as a skeletal pattern of glowing colors when the diamonds are exposed to ultraviolet light. Some of the diamonds in the design include purples from Russia and oranges from South Africa, lime greens from Brazil and dozens of pinks from the Argyle Mine in Australia
The Excelsior Diamond is a gem-quality diamond, and was the largest known diamond in the world from the time of its discovery in 1893 until 1905, when the larger Cullinan Diamond was found. It was found on June 30,1893 at the Jagersfontein Mine in South Africa,130 kilometres south east of Kimberley whose fame as a mining center always overshadowed that of Jagersfontein. It had a blue-white tint and weighed 971 old carats or 995.2 metric carats, the Excelsior rates as the third largest rough diamond of gem quality ever found. It was ultimately cut into ten stones weighing from 13 to 68 carats, instead of handing it over to his overseer, he delivered it directly to the mine manager, who rewarded him with £500 in cash and a horse equipped with a saddle and bridle. On the day of the discovery the contract between the mining company and the syndicate of firms in London which purchased its diamonds expired. Wernher, Beit attempted to insure the diamond for £40,000, the consequence was that it was sent to I. J.
Asscher in Amsterdam, in 1903, to be cut into ten smaller stones. The rough stone measured 971 carats in weight and was categorized as Color G, the stone was shaped like a half a loaf of bread, it was unique and inspired the name Excelsior, which means higher. It measured 2 1⁄2 by 2 inches by 1 inch thick, the Excelsior was colored a stunning white with a tint of blue. It did contain a number of black carbon inclusions, which are typical of the diamonds from the Jagersfontein mine, the crystalline structure resembled a fractured icicle. From the time of its discovery on June 30,1893, it was the largest diamond known to exist, after the diamond sat in the vault waiting for a buyer for many years, the owners made the decision to cut the stone into several smaller stones. This decision meant that the Excelsior would never be a single large spectacular faceted stone. At the time, the manager of the De Beers diamond syndicate said that the dividing of the stone into many small pieces was the greatest tragedy of modern times in the history of famous diamonds.
In retrospect, diamond experts feel that it should have cut to yield a single large diamond. Why it was not, remains a mystery, by contrast, the owners of the Cullinan Diamond cut that stone in such a way that the largest faceted diamond in the world came from it. The fate of the Excelsior kept it out of the Smithsonian or other historical museums and it was cut without regard to its historical significance, divided into small, easily sold assorted stones. The named pieces were, There were a further 11 smaller pieces and it was many years before all of the separate stones were sold. The cut stones were parceled out and sold to different buyers. The Excelsior I, which came up for sale in 1991 and 1996, was purchased by Robert Mouawad for $2,642,000, the remaining stones were used in various grand jewelry pieces such as extravagant tiaras and fabulous bracelets and other fine jewelry creations
Dresden Green Diamond
The Dresden Green Diamond, known as Dresden Green, is a 41 carats natural green diamond, which probably originated in the Kollur mine in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. The Dresden Green is a rare Type IIa, with a clarity of VS1 and it is said to be internally flawless. It is named after Dresden, the capital of Saxony, Germany where it has been on display for most of the last two centuries, the diamond is shown in the New Green Vault at Dresden Castle. The Dresden Green Diamond has a record dating back to 1722. It was acquired by Augustus III of Poland from a Dutch merchant in 1742 at the Leipzig Fair, in 1768, the diamond was incorporated into an extremely valuable hat ornament, surrounded by two large and 411 medium-sized and small diamonds. This is the setting that the Dresden Green still appears in today, the stones unique apple green color is due to natural exposure to radioactive materials, as the irradiation of diamonds can produce changes in color
It remained in Europe for half a century, changing hands several times until it was sold to the ruler of Egypt in the 1820s. What happened to it after that is unknown, inspiring a two-century mystery, the Pigot Diamond was obtained by Sir George Pigot during his term as British governor of Madras, the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu for the East India Company. He may have received it from an Indian prince in 1763 and this may have been the Rajah of Tanjore as Pigot had told the directors of the East India Company that he had received presents from the Rajah. It may have been Muhammad Ali Khan Wallajah, the Nabob of Arcot, the diamond may have been mined at Golkonda. Diamonds were a way to transfer money back to England at the time. Pigot brought it to London, probably in June 1764 when he returned to England aboard the East Indiaman Plassey after his first term as governor of Madress. The diamond was brought to England rough cut and subsequently cut as a fine, oval brilliant, the cutting is said to have taken two years and cost £3,000.
The size of the stone is estimated to have been around 100 carats. At the time, it was the largest diamond in England and it has been characterised as having a large table and girdle, but it is relatively shallow in depth giving it poor brilliance. Upon Roberts death in 1796, his passed to his son George Pigot. Upon Hughs death in 1792, his passed to his widow Frances. The joint owners attempted to sell the diamond but were unsuccessful as the intrinsic value was so high. An alternate account is that Pigot left the diamond to his children, although unmarried, he had several natural children at the time of his death, all of whom were minors. Regardless of this, the diamond remained in the extended Pigot family, a plan was conceived to conduct a lottery so that the Pigot family could receive full value without a single buyer willing and able to pay such an amount. Such a plan required the approval of the Parliament, who was so petitioned in February 1800, the petition was considered in the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
There were arguments made for and against allowing the lottery, the terms of the lottery were that 11,428 tickets could be sold for two guineas each. Therefore, the sale of all tickets would realize £23,998, the value had been estimated at £25,000 to £30,000. Newspapers advertised the lottery beginning in August, tickets were available from stockbrokers, jewellers and other companies