Pages in category "Individual necklaces"
The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The Spanish Inquisition Necklace is a diamond and emerald-studded necklace. As of 2008, it is on display at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington and it was given its name by Harry Winston, the American jeweller who acquired it from the Maharaja of Indore, and has no known connection with the historical Spanish Inquisition. The emeralds threaded onto the necklace were originally mined in Colombia, the diamonds were mined in India. While the necklaces gemstones are believed to have been cut in India in the 17th century, American jeweller Harry Winston, who named the necklace, claimed that it was owned first by Spanish royalty. However, the first recorded owner of the piece was Tukoji Rao III, Maharaja of Indore, a state within India. Upon his abdication, the necklace was passed to his son, Yashvantrao II, in 1947, Yashvantrao sold the necklace to Harry Winston. Winston lent the necklace out that year to actress Katharine Hepburn, the necklace formed part of Winstons Court of Jewels, a nationally touring exhibition of jewels and jewellery including the Hope Diamond and the Star of the East.
In 1955, Winston sold the necklace to Cora Hubbard Williams of Pittsburgh, Williams held the necklace until 1972, when she bequeathed it to the Smithsonian Institution. Since then, it has been on display in the Janet Annenberg Hooker Hall of Geology, the upper half of the necklace consists of many small diamonds threaded onto a silver chain. The centre of the lower strand holds a large emerald supporting a pendant which itself holds five smaller emeralds, the point where the upper and lower halves of the necklace join is marked by two large emeralds threaded onto the chain. Altogether, there are 15 emeralds and 374 diamonds in the necklace, the diamonds of the Spanish Inquisition Necklace are the oldest examples of cut diamonds in the Smithsonian Institutions National Gem Collection
La Peregrina is one of the most famous pearls in the world. Its history spans almost 500 years, and it has passed from the African slave who found it at Pearl Islands in the Gulf of Panama, to European kings, most recently, the pearl belonged to Elizabeth Taylor. La Peregrina is a Spanish word and it means the Pilgrim or the Wanderer. The original weight of this pear-shaped pearl was 223.8 grains, at the time of its discovery, it was the largest pearl ever found. In 1913 the pearl had to be drilled and cleaned to secure it firmly to its setting, after drilling and cleaning, the pearls weight decreased to 203.84 grains. La Peregrina remains one of the largest perfectly symmetrical pear-shaped pearls in the world, the pearl was found by an African slave on the coast of the isle of Santa Margarita in the Gulf of Panama in the mid-16th century. Some stories claim that the pearl was found in 1513, the pearl was given to Don Pedro de Temez, the administrator of the Spanish colony in Panama. The slave who found it was rewarded with freedom, the pearl was carried to Spain and given by Temez to the future Philip II of Spain.
It was in anticipation of his marriage to Mary I of England that Philip presented her La Peregrina, after her death in 1558, the pearl was returned to the Crown of Spain, where it remained as part of the crown jewelry for the next 250 years. It became one of the ornaments for the Spanish queens of that time. Margaret of Austria, wife of Philip III, wore the pearl for the celebration of the treaty between Spain and England in 1605. Portraits made by Diego Velázquez are evidence that the pearl was prized by both Elisabeth of France and Mariana of Austria, wives of Philip IV, the equestrian portrait of Elisabeth, Philip IVs first wife, shows her wearing the pearl. Mariana, her successor, was painted with the pearl as well, in 1808 the elder brother of Napoleon, Joseph Bonaparte, was installed as king of Spain. At that time, the pearl got its name La Peregrina - the Wanderer, in his will, Joseph Bonaparte left the pearl to his nephew, the future Napoleon III of France. During his exile in England, the Emperor sold it to James Hamilton, Abercorn bought the pearl for his wife, Louisa.
The pearl was very heavy and it fell out of its necklaces setting on at least two occasions, the first time, the pearl got lost in a sofa in Windsor Castle, the second time, during a ball at Buckingham Palace. On both occasions, the pearl was recovered, the Hamilton family owned the pearl until 1969 when they sold it at auction at Sothebys in London. Richard Burton purchased the pearl at the Sothebys auction for $37,000 and he gave it to his wife, Elizabeth Taylor, as a Valentines Day gift during their first marriage
The Whitecleuch Chain is a large Pictish silver chain that was found in Whitecleuch, Scotland in 1869. A high status piece, it is likely to have worn as a choker neck ornament for ceremonial purposes. It dates from around 400 to 800 AD, the chain is one of ten certain examples of this type, and is on display at the Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh. Weighing 1.8 kg and measuring approximately 50 cm in length, according to Clark, the chain originally had 23 pairs of rings, but was damaged subsequent to its discovery. )The paired ring chain is augmented by a large penannular ring with expanded flanges. The penannular ring bears Pictish symbols of the sort found on Class I. On one side of the opening in the ring, there is a zigzag pattern, on the other side of the opening, there is a notched rectangle symbol, decorated with a pair of circles, running lengthwise along the rectangle and attached to opposite edges of the rectangle. This design is similar to found on a stone found at Westfield. The penannular ring was used as a fastener to link the terminal ends of the chain together into a choker neck ornament.
The Whitecleuch chain was found in May 1869 on land belonging to the Duke of Buccleuch at Whitecleuch, the initial report, made by Smith, described the location of the find as being in the vicinity of Drumlanrig Castle in Dumfries and Galloway. The precise location was clarified as being 12 miles north of the castle, in land known as Rough Flow Moss. This has caused an amount of confusion, with both sites being listed in some censuses of Pictish chains. The chain was found at a depth of around 45 cm in the ground and was exposed by erosion of the edges of a drainage ditch. The location of the find in the South West of Scotland, some distance from the Pictish territory is of no real significance due to the portable nature of the chain
The Ring of Pietroassa is a gold torc-like necklace found in a ring barrow in Pietroassa, Buzău County, southern Romania, in 1837. It formed part of a gold hoard dated to between 250 and 400 CE. The ring itself is assumed to be of Roman-Mediterranean origin. The inscribed ring remains the subject of academic interest, and a number of theories regarding its origin. The inscription, which sustained irreparable damage shortly after its discovery, can no longer be read with certainty, however, it has become possible to reconstruct the damaged portion with the aid of rediscovered depictions of the ring in its original state. Taken as a whole, the ring may offer insight into the nature of the pre-Christian pagan religion of the Goths. The total weight of the find was approximately 20 kg, the remaining objects in the collection display a high quality of craftsmanship such that scholars doubt an indigenous origin. The Goldhelm catalogue suggests that the objects could be viewed as having been made by Roman leaders to allied Germanic princes.
Recent mineralogical studies performed on the objects indicate at least three geographically disparate origins for the ore itself, the Southern Ural Mountains, Nubia. An indigenous Dacian origin for the ore has been ruled out, though Cojocaru rejects the possibility of Roman imperial coins having been melted down and used for some of the objects, Constantinescu comes to the opposite conclusion. As with most finds of this type, it unclear as to why the objects were placed within the barrow. Though this theory has largely ignored, notably that of Looijenga, has observed that all of the remaining objects in the hoard possess a definite ceremonial character. Particularly noteworthy in this connection is the Patera, or libation dish, although this would help explain why the hoard remained buried, it fails to account for the conspicuous ring-barrow having been chosen as the site to hide such a large and valuable treasure. Taylor suggests a range from 210 to 250, the gold ring bears an Elder Futhark runic inscription of 15 characters, with the 7th having been mostly destroyed when the ring was cut in half by thieves.
The damaged rune has been the object of scholarly debate. Following this reading, she translates the whole inscription Gothic, pieper reads the damaged rune as ᛝ /ŋ/, gutanī wi hailag He translates this Ingwin of the Goths. Despite the lack of consensus regarding the import of the inscription, scholars seem to agree that its language is some form of Gothic. Taylor interprets the inscription as being clearly pagan in nature and indicative of the existence of a temple to which the ring was a votive offering, almáttki áss Elder Futhark Gothic runic inscriptions Pietroasele Treasure Treasure of Osztrópataka Pietroasele Runenprojekt Kiel
The Hall Sapphire and Diamond Necklace has 36 matched sapphires from Sri Lanka which total 195 carats. These sapphires are surrounded by 435 brilliant-cut diamonds that total 83.75 carats, the sapphires are cushion-cut, some of the diamonds are pear-shaped and the others are round cut. It was designed by Harry Winston, Inc and it is currently on display at the National Museum of Natural History, part of the Smithsonian Institution, in Washington, D. C. alongside the Bismarck Sapphire Necklace and the Logan sapphire. It was donated to the Smithsonian by Mrs. Evelyn Annenberg Hall in 1979 and she was the sister of Walter Annenberg, publisher and philanthropist
The Napoleon Diamond Necklace is a diamond necklace commissioned by Napoleon I of France c. It is currently on display in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, the Napoleon Diamond Necklace consists of 28 mine cut diamonds set into a single thread, with a fringe of alternating pendeloque and briolettes diamond cuts. The five pear-shaped pendoloques are each mounted below a small brilliant cut diamond, the four ovaline pendeloques are mounted above designs which incorporate 23 brilliant cut diamonds each. Each briolette mounting is set with 12 rose cut diamonds, while the gems of the Napoleon Diamond Necklace have never been professionally graded by a lapidary, infrared spectroscopic analysis of the diamonds has shown that they are primarily Type Ia. However,13 of the 52 largest diamonds in the necklace are of the rare Type IIa variety, a number of the Type Ia diamonds show indications of sulfide crystal imperfections. In 1810, Napoleon I of France divorced the Empress Joséphine and he re-married two months to Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria.
Within a year, Marie Louise bore a son, to celebrate, in June 1811 Napoleon I commissioned the Napoleon Diamond Necklace from the Parisian jewellery firm Nitot et Fils, at a cost of 376,274 French francs. This sum was the equivalent of the Empresss entire annual household budget, there are several contemporary portraits of Marie Louise wearing the Napoleon Diamond Necklace, including a number by the artists François Gérard and Giovan Battista Borghesi. Several years later, in 1815, Napoleon was exiled to Saint Helena, Marie Louise returned to Austria with the necklace and owned it until her death. Upon the death of Marie Louise in 1847, the passed to Archduchess Sophie of Austria. Two diamonds were removed from the necklace to shorten it, at the request of Princess Sophie and these diamonds were fitted to a pair of earrings, the location of which is now unknown. Following the death of Sophie in 1872, the Napoleon Diamond Necklace was jointly inherited by her three surviving sons, Archdukes Karl Ludwig, Ludwig Viktor, and Franz Joseph of Austria.
Karl Ludwig acquired his brothers stakes in the necklace, and upon his death in 1914 passed it to his third wife, Maria Theresa of Portugal. At the start of the Great Depression in 1929, Maria Theresa engaged two people presenting themselves as Colonel Townsend and Princess Baronti to sell the necklace for US$450,000, after resolving the incident, Maria Theresa held the necklace until her death in 1944. Four years later, the Habsburg family sold it to the French industrialist Paul-Louis Weiller, as such, he kept it intact, reselling it the same year to Marjorie Merriweather Post. Post donated the necklace to the Smithsonian Institution in 1962, and it has remained on display at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington
The Necklace of the Stars is a diamond necklace originally made for Queen Consort Maria Pia of Savoy. It is a piece of the Portuguese Crown Jewels, the Necklace of the Stars was made in 1865 for the wife of King Luís I of Portugal, Queen Cosort Maria Pia of Savoy, who had a love for jewelry and fashion. The necklace was fashioned in the workshop of the Portuguese Royal Jeweler in Lisbon, the necklace is just a piece of a whole set of jewelry that was commissioned by Maria Pia, which includes the famed Diadem of the Stars, the counterpart of the necklace. It is fashioned out of gold and colourless and pink diamonds, Diadem of the Stars Portuguese Crown Jewels Jóias da Coroa Portuguesa
The Hope Diamond is one of the most famous jewels in the world, with ownership records dating back almost four centuries. Its much-admired rare blue color is due to amounts of boron atoms. Weighing 45.52 carats, its size has revealed new findings about the formation of gemstones. The jewel is believed to have originated in India, where the stone was purchased in 1666 by French gem merchant Jean-Baptiste Tavernier as the Tavernier Blue. The Tavernier Blue was cut and yielded the French Blue, which Tavernier sold to King Louis XIV in 1668. Stolen in 1791, it was recut, with the largest section acquiring its Hope name when it appeared in the catalogue of a gem collection owned by a London banking family called Hope in 1839. After going through numerous owners, it was sold to Washington socialite Evalyn Walsh McLean who was seen wearing it. The Hope Diamond has long been rumored to carry a curse and it was last reported to be insured for $250 million. It is blue to the eye because of trace amounts of boron within its crystal structure.
It has been described as the most famous diamond in the world, weight, In December 1988, the Gemological Institute of Americas Gem Trade Lab determined that the diamond weighed 45.52 carats. Size and shape, The diamond has been compared in size and shape to an egg, walnut. As colored-diamond expert Stephen Hofer points out, blue diamonds similar to the Hope can be shown by colorimetric measurements to be grayer than blue sapphires. In 1996, the Gemological Institute of Americas Gem Trade Lab examined the diamond and, using their proprietary scale, the gray modifier is so dark that it produces an inky effect appearing almost blackish-blue in incandescent light. Current photographs of the Hope Diamond use high-intensity light sources tend to maximize the brilliance of gemstones. Tavernier had described it as a beautiful violet, the red glow helps scientists fingerprint blue diamonds, allowing them to tell the real ones from the artificial. The red glow indicates that a different mix of boron and nitrogen is within the stone, The clarity was determined to be VS1, with whitish graining present.
Cut, The cut was described as being cushion antique brilliant with a faceted girdle, according to Smithsonian curator Dr. Jeffrey Post, the boron may be responsible for causing the blue color of the stones after tests using infrared light measured a spectrum of the gems. It was described as cool to the touch and he wrote, You cradle the 45
The Patiala Necklace was a necklace created by the House of Cartier in 1928. It was made for and named after Bhupinder Singh of Patiala, the ruling Maharaja of the state of Patiala. It contained 2,930 diamonds, including as its centrepiece, the seventh largest diamond, the De Beers, that had a 428 carat pre-cut weigh. The piece contained seven other diamonds ranging from 18 to 73 carats, in 1982, at a Sothebys auction in Geneva, the De Beers diamond reappeared. There, it was sold for $3.16 million, in 1998, the missing part of the necklace was found at a second-hand jewellery shop in London by an unnamed buyer. The remaining large jewels were missing, in particular, the Burmese rubies as well as the 18 to 73 carat stones that were mounted on a pendant, Cartier purchased the incomplete necklace and, after four years, restored it to resemble the original. They replaced the lost diamonds with cubic zirconia and synthetic diamonds, and mounted a replica of the original De Beers diamond