Category:Italian male short story writers
Pages in category "Italian male short story writers"
The following 37 pages are in this category, out of 37 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 37 pages are in this category, out of 37 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Luigi Pirandello – Luigi Pirandello was an Italian dramatist, novelist, poet and short story writer whose greatest contributions were his plays. He was awarded the 1934 Nobel Prize in Literature for his almost magical power to turn psychological analysis into good theatre, Pirandellos works include novels, hundreds of short stories, and about 40 plays, some of which are written in Sicilian. Pirandellos tragic farces are often seen as forerunners of the Theatre of the Absurd, Pirandello was born into an upper-class family in a village with the curious name of u Càvusu, a poor suburb of Girgenti. Both families, the Pirandellos and the Ricci Gramittos, were ferociously anti-Bourbon and actively participated in the struggle for unification, Pirandello would eventually assimilate this sense of betrayal and resentment and express it in several of his poems and in his novel The Old and the Young. It is also probable that this climate of disillusion inculcated in the young Luigi the sense of disproportion between ideals and reality which is recognizable in his essay on humorism, by the age of twelve he had already written his first tragedy. At the insistence of his father, he was registered at a school but eventually switched to the study of the humanities at the ginnasio. In 1880, the Pirandello family moved to Palermo and it was here, in the capital of Sicily, that Luigi completed his high school education. He also began reading omnivorously, focusing, above all, on 19th-century Italian poets such as Giosuè Carducci and he then started writing his first poems and fell in love with his cousin Lina. During this period the first signs of serious contrast between Luigi and his father began to develop, Luigi had discovered some notes revealing the existence of Stefanos extramarital relations. This later expressed itself, after her death, in the pages of the novella Colloqui con i personaggi in 1915. His romantic feelings for his cousin, initially looked upon with disfavour, were taken very seriously by Linas family. They demanded that Luigi abandon his studies and dedicate himself to the business so that he could immediately marry her. In 1886, during a vacation from school, Luigi went to visit the mines of Porto Empedocle. The marriage, which seemed imminent, was postponed, Pirandello then registered at the University of Palermo in the departments of Law and of Letters. The campus at Palermo, and above all the Department of Law, was the centre in those years of the vast movement which would evolve into the Fasci Siciliani. In 1887, having chosen the Department of Letters, he moved to Rome in order to continue his studies. When I arrived in Rome it was raining hard, it was time and I felt like my heart was being crushed. The desperate laugh, the manifestation of revenge for the disappointment undergone, inspired the bitter verses of his first collection of poems
2. Italo Svevo – Aron Ettore Schmitz, better known by the pseudonym Italo Svevo, was an Italian writer, businessman, novelist, playwright, and short story writer. Svevo was a citizen of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the end of the First World War and he spoke Italian as a second language. Due to his ancestry by his father, he and his brothers were sent to a boarding school near Würzburg, Germany. This 20-year period as a clerk at Unionbank of Vienna served as inspiration for his first novel Una Vita. During his time at the bank, Svevo contributed to Italian-language publication LIndipendiente and he became successful in growing the business and after trips to France and Germany, set up a branch of the company in England. In 1923, Italo Svevo wrote and published the classic novel La Coscienza di Zeno. The work, showing the authors interest in the theories of Sigmund Freud, is written in the form of the memoirs of one Zeno Cosini, Svevos novel received almost no attention from Italian readers and critics at the time. The work might have disappeared altogether if it were not for the efforts of James Joyce, Joyce had met Svevo in 1907, when Joyce tutored him in English while working for Berlitz in Trieste. Joyce read Svevos earlier novel Senilità, which had also largely ignored when published in 1898. Joyce championed Confessions of Zeno, helping to have it translated into French and then published in Paris and that led Italian critics, including Eugenio Montale, to discover it. Zeno Cosini, the hero, mirrored Svevo himself, being a businessman fascinated by Freudian theory. Svevo was also a model for Leopold Bloom, the protagonist of Joyces seminal novel Ulysses, Confessions of Zeno never looks outside the narrow confines of Trieste, much like Joyces work, which rarely left Dublin in the last years of Irelands time as part of the United Kingdom. There is a connection between Svevo and the character Cosini. Cosini sought psychoanalysis, he said, in order to discover why he was addicted to nicotine, as he reveals in his memoirs, each time he had given up smoking, with the iron resolve that this would be the ultima sigaretta. He experienced the feeling that he was now beginning life over without the burden of his old habits. That feeling was, however, so strong that he found smoking irresistible, Svevo lived for part of his life in Charlton, south-east London, while working for a family firm. He documented this period in his letters to his wife which highlighted the differences he encountered in Edwardian England. His old home at 67 Charlton Church Lane now carries a blue plaque, like his most famous character Zeno, Svevo smoked for all of his life
3. Primo Levi – Primo Michele Levi was an Italian Jewish chemist, writer, and Holocaust survivor. He was the author of books, novels, collections of short stories, essays. Levi died in 1987 from injuries sustained in a fall from a third-story apartment landing and his death was officially ruled a suicide, but some have suggested that the fall was accidental. Levi was born in 1919 in Turin, Italy, at Corso Re Umberto 75 and his father Cesare worked for the manufacturing firm Ganz and spent much of his time working abroad in Hungary, where Ganz was based. Cesare was a reader and autodidact. Levis mother Ester, known to everyone as Rina, was well educated and she too was an avid reader, played the piano, and spoke fluent French. The marriage between Rina and Cesare had been arranged by Rinas father, on their wedding day, Rinas father, Cesare Luzzati, gave Rina the apartment at Corso Re Umberto, where Primo Levi lived for almost his entire life. In 1921 Anna Maria, Levis sister was born, he remained close to her all his life, in 1925 he entered the Felice Rignon primary school in Turin. A thin and delicate child, he was shy and thought he was ugly and his school record includes long periods of absence during which he was tutored at home, at first by Emilia Glauda and then by Marisa Zini, daughter of philosopher Zino Zini. The children spent summers with their mother in the Waldensian valleys southwest of Turin and his father remained in the city, partly because of his dislike of the rural life, but also because of his infidelities. In September 1930 Levi entered the Massimo dAzeglio Royal Gymnasium a year ahead of normal entrance requirements, in class he was the youngest, the shortest and the cleverest, as well as being the only Jew. For these reasons, he was bullied, in August 1932, following two years at the Talmud Torah school in Turin, he sang in the local synagogue for his Bar Mitzvah. In 1933, as was expected of all young Italian schoolboys and he avoided rifle drill by joining the ski division, and spent every Saturday during the season on the slopes above Turin. As a young boy Levi was plagued by illness, particularly chest infections, in his teens, Levi and a few friends would sneak into a disused sports stadium and conduct athletic competitions. In July 1934 at the age of 14, he sat the exams for the Massimo dAzeglio liceo classico, a Lyceum specializing in the classics, and was admitted that year. The school was noted for its well-known anti-Fascist teachers, among them the philosopher Norberto Bobbio, and Cesare Pavese, Levi continued to be bullied during his time at the Lyceum, although six other Jews were in his class. Upon reading Concerning the Nature of Things by Sir William Bragg, distracted and terrified by the draft accusation, he failed the exam—the first poor grade of his life—and was devastated. His father was able to him out of the Navy by enrolling him in the Fascist militia
4. Camillo Boito – Camillo Boito was an Italian architect and engineer, and a noted art critic, art historian and novelist. Boito was born in Rome, the son of an Italian painter of miniatures and his mother was of Polish ancestry. He studied in Padua and then architecture at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia in Venice, during his time there, he was influenced by Selvatico Estense, an architect who championed the study of medieval art in Italy. He taught architecture at the Venice School of Fine Arts until 1856 when he moved to Tuscany and his agitation against the Austrian domination of Venice pressured him to leave, despite his position as adjunct professor at the Academy. In Florence he begins to write for the journal lo Spettatore edited by Celestino Bianchi, in 1860, he was named professor of Superior Architecture at the Brera Academy in Milan. In Milan, he published for a number of journals, including Politecnico, Perseveranza and this inaugural charter develops eight points to be taken into consideration in the restoration of historical monuments, The differentiation of style between new and old parts of a building. The differentiation in building materials between the new and the old, suppression of moldings and decorative elements in new fabric placed in a historical building. Exhibition in a place of any material parts of a historical building that were removed during the process of restoration. Inscription of the date on new fabric in a historical building, descriptive epigraph of the restoration work done attached to the monument. Registration and description with photographs of the different phases of restoration and this register should remain in the monument or in a nearby public place. This requirement may be substituted by publication of this material, visual notoriety of the restoration work done. The concern was for maintaining authenticity in terms of the identification of original materials, at the same time, the intention was to promote a scientific attitude toward restoration. Boitos principles were accepted and inspired modern legislation on restoration of historical monuments in several countries. Boito is perhaps most famous for his restoration of the Church and Campanile of Santi Maria e Donato at Murano and he also worked on the Porta Ticinese in Milan between 1856–1858 and famed Basilica of Saint Anthony in Padua in 1899. He designed the Cemetery of Gallarate, other architectural designs include Gallarate Hospital and a school in Milan. His most famous building in Milan is the Casa di Riposo per Musicisti which was built 1895 -99. It was financed by the composer Giuseppe Verdi and serves as a rest home for retired musicians, and as a memorial for the composer, in the early 1900s, Boito helped shape Italian laws protecting historical monuments. Boito died in Milan in 1914, a short film adaptation was released in 2012
5. Giovannino Guareschi – Giovannino Oliviero Giuseppe Guareschi was an Italian journalist, cartoonist and humorist whose most famous creation is the priest Don Camillo. Giovannino Guareschi was born in Fontanelle di Roccabianca in the Province of Parma in 1908 and he hailed from a middle-class family. Guareschi always joked about the fact that he, a man, was baptized Giovannino. In 1926 his family went bankrupt, and he could not continue his studies at the University of Parma, after working at various minor jobs, he started to write for a local newspaper, the Gazzetta di Parma. In 1929 he became editor of the satirical magazine Corriere Emiliano, in 1943 he was drafted into the army, which apparently helped him to avoid trouble with the fascist authorities. He ended up as an artillery officer and he later wrote about this time in Diario Clandestino. After the war, Guareschi returned to Italy and founded a monarchist weekly satirical magazine, after Italy became a republic, he began to support Democrazia Cristiana. He criticized and satirized the Communists in his magazine, famously drawing a Communist as a man with an extra nostril, when the Communists were soundly defeated in the 1948 Italian elections, Guareschi did not put his pen down but criticized Democrazia Cristiana as well. In 1950, Candido published a cartoon by Carlo Manzoni poking fun at Luigi Einaudi. The President is at the Quirinal Palace, surrounded by, instead of the guard of honour, by giant bottles of Nebbiolo wine. Each bottle was labeled with the institutional logo, the cartoon was judged in Contempt of the President by a court of the time. Guareschi, as the director of the magazine, was held responsible, the legitimacy of the letters was never established by the court, but after a two-month trial it found in favour of De Gasperi. Guareschi declined to appeal the verdict and spent 409 days in Parmas San Francesco jail and these stories have many times been made into films, and television and radio programs, most notably in the series of films featuring Fernandel as Don Camillo. By 1956 his health had deteriorated and he began to time in Switzerland for health reasons. In 1957 he retired from the post of editor of Candido and he died in 1968 in Cervia from a heart attack. Don Camillo in Moscow - Il compagno Don Camillo Don Camillo, remake by Terence Hill Perry, the Don Camillo Stories of Giovanni Guareschi. Tutto il mondo di Guareschi A review of Little World of Don Camillo at Open Letters Monthly World of Giovannino Guareschi Virtual Travel in the Little World of Guareschi
6. Carlo Collodi – Carlo Lorenzini, better known by the pen name Carlo Collodi, was a childrens writer born in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and writer of the world-renowned fairy tale novel The Adventures of Pinocchio. Collodi was born in Florence on 24 November 1826 and he spent most of his childhood in the town of Collodi where his mother was born. His mother was a daughter and his father was a cook. He had 10 siblings but seven died at a young age, during the Italian wars of Independence in 1848 and 1860 Collodi served as a volunteer with the Tuscan army. His active interest in political matters may be seen in his earliest literary works as well as in the founding of the satirical newspaper Il Lampione in 1853 and this newspaper was censored by order of the Grand Duke of Tuscany. In 1854 he published his newspaper, Lo scaramuccia. Lorenzinis first publications were in his periodicals, during this period he composed various satirical sketches and stories, including Macchiette, Occhi e nasi, Storie allegre. In 1875 he entered the domain of literature with Racconti delle fate. Lorenzini became fascinated by the idea of using an amiable, rascally character as a means of expressing his own convictions through allegory. In 1880 he began writing Storia di un burattino, also called Le avventure di Pinocchio, which was published weekly in Il Giornale per i Bambini, Pinocchio was adapted into a 1940 film by Disney that is considered to be one of Disneys greatest. Lorenzini died in Florence in 1890, unaware of the fame and he is buried at San Miniato al Monte Basilica. Le avventure di un burattino listen to chapt.1 –2 –12 audio mp3 for free