Spanish Inquisition Necklace
The Spanish Inquisition Necklace is a diamond and emerald-studded necklace. As of 2008, it is on display at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington and it was given its name by Harry Winston, the American jeweller who acquired it from the Maharaja of Indore, and has no known connection with the historical Spanish Inquisition. The emeralds threaded onto the necklace were originally mined in Colombia, the diamonds were mined in India. While the necklaces gemstones are believed to have been cut in India in the 17th century, American jeweller Harry Winston, who named the necklace, claimed that it was owned first by Spanish royalty. However, the first recorded owner of the piece was Tukoji Rao III, Maharaja of Indore, a state within India. Upon his abdication, the necklace was passed to his son, Yashvantrao II, in 1947, Yashvantrao sold the necklace to Harry Winston. Winston lent the necklace out that year to actress Katharine Hepburn, the necklace formed part of Winstons Court of Jewels, a nationally touring exhibition of jewels and jewellery including the Hope Diamond and the Star of the East.
In 1955, Winston sold the necklace to Cora Hubbard Williams of Pittsburgh, Williams held the necklace until 1972, when she bequeathed it to the Smithsonian Institution. Since then, it has been on display in the Janet Annenberg Hooker Hall of Geology, the upper half of the necklace consists of many small diamonds threaded onto a silver chain. The centre of the lower strand holds a large emerald supporting a pendant which itself holds five smaller emeralds, the point where the upper and lower halves of the necklace join is marked by two large emeralds threaded onto the chain. Altogether, there are 15 emeralds and 374 diamonds in the necklace, the diamonds of the Spanish Inquisition Necklace are the oldest examples of cut diamonds in the Smithsonian Institutions National Gem Collection
Star of Bombay
The Star of Bombay is a 182-carat cabochon-cut star sapphire originating from Sri Lanka. The violet-blue gem was given to silent film actress Mary Pickford by her husband and she bequeathed it to the Smithsonian Institution. It is the namesake of the alcoholic beverage Bombay Sapphire. The Star of Bombay is a 182 carat cabochon-cut star sapphire, according to Southern Jewelry News, The Star of Bombay sapphire belongs to the mineral species corundum. Pure corundum is colorless, but trace amounts of elements like vanadium or chromium result in different colors in the crystal. The Star of Bombay’s violet-blue color is caused by the presence of titanium and iron giving the blue tint, the Star of Bombay originates from Sri Lanka and is one of the largest star sapphires which have names unrelated to their origin, the other being the Star of India. It is the namesake of the alcoholic beverage Bombay Sapphire. The gem was first acquired by Trabert & Hoeffer Inc. of Park Avenue in New York City and was set in a platinum ring.
It is believed that the ring was purchased by Douglas Fairbanks, a silent film movie star. A1935 advertisement for the Star of Bombay had it listed at 60 carats and did not include information on its origins, in 1979, Mary Pickford died and bequeathed the Star of Bombay, to the Smithsonian Museum. Edward Stotsenberg of the Mary Pickford Foundation called the Smithsonian and a representative was sent out to examine the stone. According to Stotsenberg, the stated that the Star of Bombay was much brighter than other stones and pried it from the clasps. The gem is currently displayed in the Smithsonians National Museum of Natural History, in the Janet Annenberg Hooker Hall of Geology, Star of India Star of Artaban Star of Asia
Hall Sapphire and Diamond Necklace
The Hall Sapphire and Diamond Necklace has 36 matched sapphires from Sri Lanka which total 195 carats. These sapphires are surrounded by 435 brilliant-cut diamonds that total 83.75 carats, the sapphires are cushion-cut, some of the diamonds are pear-shaped and the others are round cut. It was designed by Harry Winston, Inc and it is currently on display at the National Museum of Natural History, part of the Smithsonian Institution, in Washington, D. C. alongside the Bismarck Sapphire Necklace and the Logan sapphire. It was donated to the Smithsonian by Mrs. Evelyn Annenberg Hall in 1979 and she was the sister of Walter Annenberg, publisher and philanthropist
The Hope Diamond is one of the most famous jewels in the world, with ownership records dating back almost four centuries. Its much-admired rare blue color is due to amounts of boron atoms. Weighing 45.52 carats, its size has revealed new findings about the formation of gemstones. The jewel is believed to have originated in India, where the stone was purchased in 1666 by French gem merchant Jean-Baptiste Tavernier as the Tavernier Blue. The Tavernier Blue was cut and yielded the French Blue, which Tavernier sold to King Louis XIV in 1668. Stolen in 1791, it was recut, with the largest section acquiring its Hope name when it appeared in the catalogue of a gem collection owned by a London banking family called Hope in 1839. After going through numerous owners, it was sold to Washington socialite Evalyn Walsh McLean who was seen wearing it. The Hope Diamond has long been rumored to carry a curse and it was last reported to be insured for $250 million. It is blue to the eye because of trace amounts of boron within its crystal structure.
It has been described as the most famous diamond in the world, weight, In December 1988, the Gemological Institute of Americas Gem Trade Lab determined that the diamond weighed 45.52 carats. Size and shape, The diamond has been compared in size and shape to an egg, walnut. As colored-diamond expert Stephen Hofer points out, blue diamonds similar to the Hope can be shown by colorimetric measurements to be grayer than blue sapphires. In 1996, the Gemological Institute of Americas Gem Trade Lab examined the diamond and, using their proprietary scale, the gray modifier is so dark that it produces an inky effect appearing almost blackish-blue in incandescent light. Current photographs of the Hope Diamond use high-intensity light sources tend to maximize the brilliance of gemstones. Tavernier had described it as a beautiful violet, the red glow helps scientists fingerprint blue diamonds, allowing them to tell the real ones from the artificial. The red glow indicates that a different mix of boron and nitrogen is within the stone, The clarity was determined to be VS1, with whitish graining present.
Cut, The cut was described as being cushion antique brilliant with a faceted girdle, according to Smithsonian curator Dr. Jeffrey Post, the boron may be responsible for causing the blue color of the stones after tests using infrared light measured a spectrum of the gems. It was described as cool to the touch and he wrote, You cradle the 45
The Chalk Emerald is a 37.82 carats Colombian emerald. The royal rulers of Baroda State, a state in India. It was the centerpiece of an emerald and diamond necklace worn by the Maharani Saheba, who passed it down to her son, the Maharajah Cooch Behar. The ring was donated by Mr. and Mrs. O. Roy Chalk to the Smithsonian Natural History Museum in 1972 and is part of the Smithsonians National Gem, Colombian emeralds Chivor, Muzo Internetstones. com, Chalk Emerald Famousdiamonds. com, Chalk Emerald ring
Star of Artaban
The Star of Artaban is a 287–carat cabochon-cut star sapphire currently located at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Its origin is obscure but it is believed to come from Sri Lanka. Unlike some other sapphires, it is not transparent and is of a blue colour. It was donated by an member of the Georgia Mineral Society in the 1941–1943 time period. The name of the gem is based on the tale of The Other Wise Man by Henry van Dyke, the storys hero, was a wise man from Persia who set out to join the Biblical Magi in their journey to see the newborn Jesus. He purchased three great gems, one of which was a sapphire, to present as a gift to the newborn king and he never achieved his goal, and gave his gems to the needy instead. Star of Asia Star of Bombay Star of India
The Portuguese Diamond is a large octagonal-cut diamond known for its flawlessness and clarity. Under ultraviolet light the stone gives out a strong fluorescence, under daylight or artificial light, it exudes a soft fluorescence and a bluish haze. The name The Portuguese Diamond was given by Harry Winston, who acquired it from dancer Peggy Hopkins Joyce, noted for her many marriages and he in turn arranged a 1963 trade with its current owner, the Smithsonian Institution, for 3,800 carats of smaller diamonds. According to one of the legends, the diamond was mined in Brazil in the century and became part of the Portuguese Crown Jewels, however. The stone was first documented as being owned by Black, Peggy Hopkins Joyce, a Ziegfeld Follies dancer noted for her marriages and affairs with wealthy men, acquired it in February 1928, for a $350,000 pearl necklace and $23,000 in cash. She had it mounted on a short platinum choker, Harry Winston bought the diamond from Joyce in 1951 and added it to his Court of Jewels.
In 1963, he traded it to the Smithsonian Institution in exchange for 3,800 carats of smaller diamonds
Star of Asia
The Star of Asia is a large,330 carat cabochon-cut star sapphire currently located at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. The stone originates from the Mogok mines of Burma, the gem is noted for its significant size and is considered to be one of the largest of its type. It is noted for its colour and clear star. It is said to once have belonged to the Maharaja of Jodhpur and it was acquired by the museum in 1961. Koh-i-Noor diamond Star of Artaban Star of Bombay Star of India