Category:Jewish French politicians
Pages in category "Jewish French politicians"
The following 39 pages are in this category, out of 39 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 39 pages are in this category, out of 39 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Maurice Bokanowski – Maurice Bokanowski was a French lawyer and left-wing Republican politician who served briefly as Minister of the Navy in 1924, and was Minister of Commerce and Industry in 1926–28. He rationalized tariffs and began a reorganization of aviation in France, Maurice Bokanowski was born Moïse Bokanowski in Le Havre, Seine-Maritime on 31 August 1879. He was the child of seven. His parents were Léon Bokanowski, an ice vendor, and Julie Rasskowska and they had married in Paris on 21 April 1868. Both his parents were Polish in origin and they wanted to move to America, and had gone to Le Havre to try to find a passage. They could not afford the cost, and soon moved to Toulon, Léon Bokanowski died in 1891 when Moïse was twelve years old. Bokanowski undertook his service in Toulon in 1899. Bokanowski attended the Ecole de commerce in Marseille and he then went to Paris, where he studied Law and at the same time took a course in Chinese at the National School of Modern Oriental Languages. He also studied at the school of Political Sciences. Moïse adopted the first name Maurice around 1903, since a Jewish name would interfere with his political career. On 20 July 1903 he was initiated into the Freemason lodge LAction of the Grand Orient de France and he would remain a Freemason throughout the war, but resigned in June 1919. Bokanowski became an advocate in the Paris court of appeal in 1904 and he submitted his thesis at the Faculty of Law of the University of Paris on 19 March 1908, on the subject of Commissions internationales denquête. In his thesis he argued for a Societé des Nations whose laws would govern states, Bokanowski was a member of the General Association of Parisian Students, and a committee member of the Association of former pupils of H. E. C. He married Marguerite Wolff on 14 April 1908 and they would have three sons, Jean-Francois, Olivier, Michel, and one daughter, Anne. Bokanowski competed in the elections of 24 April and 8 May 1910 as a radical socialist in the third district of Saint-Denis. He lost, but ran successfully in the elections of 26 April and 10 May 1914 for the fourth district of Saint-Denis after campaigning for three years military service. In the Chamber of Deputies he joined the Radical Socialist group and he was appointed to the committee of commerce and industry, and to the committee of insurance and social welfare. In the pre-war years he was also a secretary of the Republican league for electoral reform, Germany declared war on France on 3 August 1914 at the start of World War I
2. Dominique Strauss-Kahn – He is often referred to in the media, and by himself, as DSK. He sought the nomination in the Socialist Party presidential primary of 2006, Dominique Strauss-Kahn was born on 25 April 1949 in the wealthy Paris suburb of Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine. He is the son of lawyer Gilbert Strauss-Kahn, Strauss-Kahns father was born to an Alsatian Jewish father and a Catholic mother from Lorraine, Strauss-Kahns mother is from a Sephardic Jewish family in Tunisia. He and his parents settled in Agadir, Morocco, in 1951, but after the 1960 earthquake moved to Monaco, while the family was living in Monaco, Strauss-Kahn went to school at the Lycee Albert 1er. The family later returned to Paris, where he attended classes préparatoires at the Lycée Carnot and he graduated from HEC Paris in 1971 and from the Paris Institute of Political Studies and the Paris Institute of Statistics in 1972. From 1977 to 1981, Strauss-Kahn lectured at the University of Nancy-II, first as an assistant, and later as assistant professor, before taking a position at the University of Nanterre. In 1982, he was appointed to the Plan Commission as head of the department, and later as Deputy Commissioner. After his ousting in the 1993 parliamentary elections, Strauss-Kahn founded DSK Consultants, upon resigning from the Jospin government, he resumed his academic duties, teaching economics at Sciences Po from 2000 until his appointment to the IMF in 2007. There, he befriended the future Prime Minister of France Lionel Jospin, after the election of President François Mitterrand in 1981, he decided to stay out of government. He got involved in the Socialist Party, which was led by Lionel Jospin, the next year, he was appointed to the Commissariat au plan as commissaire-adjoint. In 1986 he was elected Member of Parliament for the first time in the Haute-Savoie department and he became chairman of the National Assembly Committee on Finances, famously exchanging heated words with the Finance Minister Pierre Bérégovoy. In 1991, he was nominated by Mitterrand to be Junior Minister for Industry and he kept his position in Pierre Bérégovoys government until the 1993 general elections. After the electoral defeat of 1993, Strauss-Kahn was appointed by former Prime Minister Michel Rocard chairman of the groupe des experts du PS, the same year, he founded the law firm DSK Consultants and worked as a business lawyer. This lobbyist activity earned him criticism from the alter-globalization left, in June 1995, he was elected mayor of Sarcelles and married Anne Sinclair, a famous television journalist working for the private channel TF1 and in charge of a political show, Sept sur Sept. In 1997, Prime Minister Lionel Jospin appointed Strauss-Kahn as Minister for Economics, Finance and Industry, the French economy achieved an excellent performance during his term of office, the GDP increased, whereas unemployment and public debt decreased. Strauss-Kahn was a proponent of reducing the working week to 35 hours. In 1998 he became one of the leaders of the Socialist Party for the elections in the Ile-de-France region. But as Strauss-Kahn refused to swap his ministry for the leadership of the Ile-de-France
3. Laurent Fabius – Laurent Fabius is a French Socialist politician who served as Prime Minister of France from 17 July 1984 to 20 March 1986. Fabius was 37 years old when he was appointed and is, so far, later, Fabius was President of the National Assembly from 1988 to 1992, and again from 1997 to 2000. Fabius served in the government as Minister of Finance from 2000 to 2002, Fabius was born in the wealthy 16th arrondissement of Paris, the son of Louise and André Fabius. He is the brother of Catherine Leterrier and François Fabius. Fabius parents were from Ashkenazi Jewish families, and converted to Catholicism and he has three sons, David with his partner Ch dIzarny Gargas, Thomas and Victor with his spouse Francoise Castro. Fabiuss secondary education was at the Lycée Janson de Sailly and Lycée Louis-le-Grand, Fabius was a graduate of institutions that are training grounds for academics, and senior civil servants and executives. After his studies, Fabius became an auditor for the Council of State, a member of the Socialist Party since 1974, Fabius was first elected to the National Assembly in 1978 for the fourth constituency of Seine-Maritime. Fabius quickly gained entry to the circle of François Mitterrand, the leader of the party, when Mitterrand was elected as President of France in 1981, Fabius was nominated as Minister of the Budget. Two years later, Fabius became Minister of Industry, and pursued the policy of industrial restructuration, in 1984, a government shake up by Mitterrand led Fabius to be appointed as Prime Minister at the age of 37. Fabius advocated a new kind of French socialism, which accepted the market economy, the allowable income for recipients of the young child allowance was increased for families with three or more children. The Fabius Government also sought to reduce penalties on families with working mothers by substantially increasing the income ceiling for dual-income families receiving the young child allowance. In 1985, as a means of upholding the rights of homosexuals, in November 1984, an allowance was introduced if the parent concerned had been employed for two or more years. Known as the “allocation parentale d’education, ” this allowance provided 1,000 francs per month for parents who decided to take two years of leave after the birth of their first child. Payment was to continue after this period for 8 out of 10 families for a further 32 months on a means-tested basis, in effect, this created a benefit for the first child in lower income families. The government, however, reduced the daily maternity allowance from 90% to 84% of the basic wage, in June 1985, a law was passed allowing first offenders who had committed petty crimes to serve sentences of six months or less in public-service jobs. A July 1985 law tripled the amount of aid for victims of crimes, legislation was introduced later that year to restrict the use of preventive detention, and ensure that the rights of suspects were better protected. A special 1985 holiday programme was introduced, directed particularly at young people outside the traditional circuits of organised leisure activities, the right to maternity leave was also extended to the father, in the event of the death of the mother in child-birth. The father was entitled to leave and could claim an allowance under the maternity insurance scheme
4. Michel Goudchaux – Michel Goudchaux was a French banker and politician who was twice Minister of Finance during the French Second Republic. A firm Republican, he refused to accept the government of Napoleon III, Michel Goudchaux was born in Nancy, Meurthe, on 18 March 1797, son of Gerson-Jacob Goudchaux, a Jewish banker. At an early age he became interested in mathematics, and planned an academic career, however, when his father died, Michel and his two brothers continued the business, which was profitable although never large. In 1825 he moved to Paris to represent the bank, early in 1830 he was one of the founders of Le National, a paper that attacked the regime of Charles X of France. He was injured on a barricade in the July Revolution of 1830, after the revolution Goudchaux became a supporter of King Louis-Philippe. For a period he was counsel of the Seine. In 1834 he left office after publicly criticizing the governments financial management in three brochures, back in Paris he resumed his banking career, and invested most of his fortune in the railways. Writing in Le National he criticized the policy with the railways. Goudchaux was the brother-in-law of Hypolite Worms, a coal merchant and founder of Worms & Cie. He was in favor of free enterprise and competition, in 1847, as banker to an association of producer cooperatives, he made it clear that the members would be expected to compete with each other. Goudchaux was reputed for the strength of his Republican principles, alexis de Tocqueville described him as both a banker and a radical. After the French Revolution of 1848, on 24 February Goudchaux was made Finance Minister in the cabinet of Dupont de lEure, there was some criticism of the appointment based on his religion. However, he was known to be in favor of law and order and skilled in finance and he took emergency measures to resume the collection of taxes, which had been disrupted by the revolution, while promising to arrange for more equitable methods of taxation as soon as possible. He created a discount counter for small businesses and abolished the tax on periodicals. He also authorized early payment of arrears by the government and this measure backfired, causing a crisis of confidence since creditors did not think the government could meet its commitments. Goudchaux resigned on 5 March 1848 and could not be persuaded to return and he was succeeded by Louis-Antoine Garnier-Pagès. Goudchaux ran unsuccessfully as Republican candidate for the Assembly in April 1848 and he ran again on 4 June 1848 in a by-election in the department of the Seine and was elected. On taking office on 13 June 1848 he was appointed to the Finance Committee of the Assembly and he made a major speech in which he proposed lower indirect taxes, free education to workers and limited subsidies to the National Workshops which had been created to provide temporary employment
5. Georges Mandel – Georges Mandel was a French journalist, politician, and French Resistance leader. Born Louis George Rothschild in Chatou, Yvelines, he was the son of a tailor and his family was Jewish originally from Alsace. They moved into France in 1871 to preserve their French citizenship when Alsace-Lorraine was annexed by the German Empire at the end of the Franco-Prussian War, Mandel began working life as a journalist for LAurore, a literary and socialist newspaper founded in 1897 by Émile Zola and Georges Clemenceau. They notably defended Alfred Dreyfus during the Dreyfus Affair of the 1890s, as Minister of the Interior, Clemenceau later brought Mandel into politics as his aide. Described as Clemenceaus right-hand man, Mandel helped Clemenceau control the press, in 1919 Mandel was elected to the Chamber of Deputies from Gironde. He lost his seat when the Cartel des Gauches swept the 1924 elections, by 1932, he had become the Chairman of the Chambers universal suffrage committee. Its actions led to passage of legislation enfranchising women, although the proposal was an anathema to the Senate, in 1934, Mandel was appointed Minister of Posts and oversaw the first official television transmission in French. Mandel was a conservative and an outspoken opponent of Nazism and Fascism. In the 1930s, he played a role to that of Winston Churchill in the United Kingdom. He opposed Pierre Lavals plan to partition Ethiopia following its invasion by Benito Mussolinis Italy, Mandel advocated a military alliance with the Soviet Union and opposed the Munich Agreement. During the 1936 Albert Sarraut government, Mandel served as both Minister of Posts and High Commissioner for Alsace and Lorraine. After the fall of the Popular Front government, he served as Minister of Colonies from 1938 to 18 May 1940, in September 1939, after the outbreak of the German-Polish War, Mandel argued that the French Army should fight an offensive war. Mandel was accused by some on the Right of being a warmonger, Mandel opposed the Armistice with the rapidly advancing Germans. Shortly thereafter, the British general Edward Spears, Churchills military liaison officer, offered Mandel the chance to leave on his plane, Mandel declined, saying, You fear for me because I am a Jew. Well, it is just because I am a Jew that I will not go tomorrow, it would look as though I was afraid, as if I was running away. Only 25 other deputies and one senator embarked with Mandel on the Massilia on 21 June, including Pierre Mendès France, Mandel was arrested on 8 August 1941 in Morocco by General Charles Nogues on the orders of Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of the Vichy government. He was conveyed to the Château de Chazeron via Fort du Portalet, Churchill tried unsuccessfully to arrange Mandels rescue. He described Mandel as the first resister and is believed to have preferred him over Charles de Gaulle to lead the Free French Forces, following pressure from the Germans and the Riom Trial, all four were sentenced to life imprisonment on 7 November 1941
6. Benjamin Abram – Benjamin Abram was a French lawyer and politician. He served as the Mayor of Aix-en-Provence from 1888 to 1896 and he was the third Jewish Mayor of Aix-en-Provence, and abandoned politics after the debacle of the antisemitic Dreyfus affair. Benjamin Abram was born to a Jewish family on 23 September 1846 in Marseille and his father, Abraham Abram, was a businessman, and his mother was Précieuse Bédarrides. As a result, Jassuda Bédarrides, who served as the first Jewish Mayor of Aix-en-Provence from 1848 to 1849, was his maternal uncle, another uncle, Salomon Bédarrides, went on to serve as the Mayor of Aix-en-Provence from 1877 to 1884. He was educated at the Lycée Thiers in Marseille, and studied the Law at the University of Aix-en-Provence and he started his career as a lawyer in 1866. He served as bâtonnier from 1885 to 1887, a supporter of the Republic and a Freemason, he embarked upon a career in politics. He served on the General Council representing Lambesc from 1880 to 1898 and he received the Knighthood of the Legion of Honour in 1887. He served as Mayor of Aix-en-Provence from 1888 to 1896, after being re-elected in 1892, after the Dreyfus affair of 1894-1906, he abandoned politics and returned to practising the Law. On 6 September 1882, he married Esther Baze in Avignon and they had two children, Samuel Élie Paul Abram. He died on 30 April 1938 in Aix-en-Provence, the Avenue Benjamin Abram in Aix-en-Provence is named in his honour
7. David Assouline – David Assouline is a member of the Senate of France, representing the city of Paris. First elected to the Senate on 26 September 2004, he is a member of the Socialist Party and he is simultaneously a councillor for the 20th arrondissement of Paris. Previously he has served as a member of the French Group of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and as a member of the Womens Rights, Assouline is a historian who has written a 3-volume survey of Frances relationship with its immigrants. However, he is best known for his work on the repression of Algerians living in France during the Algerian War
8. Patrick Balkany – Patrick Balkany is a member of the National Assembly of France. He represents the Hauts-de-Seine department, and is a member of the The Republicans and he is of Hungarian, Latvian and Ukrainian Jewish origin. Electoral mandates National Assembly of France Member of the National Assembly of France for Hauts-de-Seine, elected in 1988, reelected in 1993,2002,2007,2012. General Council Vice-president of the General Council of Hauts-de-Seine, 1982-1988, municipal Council Mayor of Levallois-Perret, 1983-1995 / Since 2001. Municipal councillor of Levallois-Perret, 1983-1997 / Since 2001, reelected in 1989,1995,2001,2008. Enquiries by justice or numerous journalists are often made about the Balkanys city management, but Balkany and his wife always react and consider that they are aggressed. “We were just admiring her, ” Patrick Balkany, a conservative legislator, told Le Figaro
9. Serge Blisko – Serge Blisko is a French politician and a member of the National Assembly of France. He was reelected as the member of the legislature for the tenth Parisian constituency. He is a socialist, a doctor, and a member of the government for the thirteenth borough of Paris. 05/11/1983 - 01/04/1986, MP 17/03/1986 - 22/03/1992, Member of the council of the Île-de-France region. 01/01/1993 - 18/06/1995, Member of the council of Paris. 01/01/1993 - 18/06/1995, Member of the council of Paris, 19/06/1995 - 18/03/2001, Member of the general council of Paris. 19/06/1995 - 18/03/2001, Member of the council of Paris