Category:Journalists who committed suicide
Pages in category "Journalists who committed suicide"
The following 63 pages are in this category, out of 63 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 63 pages are in this category, out of 63 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Dave Garroway – David Cunningham Dave Garroway was an American television personality. He was the founding host and anchor of NBCs Today from 1952 to 1961 and his easygoing and relaxing style belied a lifelong battle with depression. Before going into broadcasting, Garroway worked as a Harvard University lab assistant, as a book salesman, after not being able to successfully sell either, Garroway decided to try his hand in radio. Garroway began his broadcasting career modestly, starting at NBC as a page in 1938, he graduated 23rd in a class of 24 from NBCs school for announcers. Following graduation, he landed a job at Pittsburgh radio station KDKA in 1939, as a station reporter, he went about the region filing reports from a hot-air balloon, a U. S. Navy submarine in the Ohio River, and from deep inside a coal mine. His early reporting efforts earned Garroway a reputation for finding a good story, the Roving Announcer, as he was known, worked his way up to become the stations special events director, while still attending to his on-air work. After two years with KDKA, Garroway left for Chicago, when the United States entered World War II in 1941, Garroway enlisted in the U. S. Navy. While stationed in Honolulu, he hosted a show when he was off duty, playing jazz records. After the war, Garroway went to work as a jockey at WMAQ in Chicago. Over time, Garroway hosted a series of programs such as The 11,60 Club, The Dave Garroway Show. One oddity Garroway introduced on his shows was having the studio audience respond to a song number not by applauding. Garroway also worked to organize concerts, creating a Jazz Circuit of local clubs in 1947. His fellow disc jockeys voted him the nations best in the 1948 and 1949 Billboard polls and he won the award again in 1951. Garroway was the first communicator on NBC Radios Monitor when the program first aired on June 12,1955 and he continued as the Sunday evening host of the news/music program from 1955 to 1961. Garroway worked on the air at WCBS radio in 1964 and briefly hosted the drive shift at KFI in Los Angeles in late 1970. Garroway was introduced to the television audience when he hosted the experimental musical variety show Garroway at Large. It was carried by NBC from June 18,1949, to June 24,1951, Garroways relaxed, informal style when on the air became part of his trademark. In 1960, New York Times reviewer Richard F. Shepard wrote, He does not crash into the home with the false jollity and he is pleasant, serious, scholarly looking and not obtrusively convivial
2. Ernest Hemingway – Ernest Miller Hemingway was an American novelist, short story writer, and journalist. His economical and understated style had a influence on 20th-century fiction, while his life of adventure. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954 and he published seven novels, six short story collections, and two non-fiction works. Additional works, including three novels, four short story collections, and three works, were published posthumously. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature, Hemingway was raised in Oak Park, Illinois. After high school, he reported for a few months for The Kansas City Star, in 1918, he was seriously wounded and returned home. His wartime experiences formed the basis for his novel A Farewell to Arms, in 1921, he married Hadley Richardson, the first of his four wives. The couple moved to Paris, where he worked as a correspondent and fell under the influence of the modernist writers. He published his novel, The Sun Also Rises, in 1926. Martha Gellhorn became his wife in 1940, they separated when he met Mary Welsh in London during World War II. He was present at the Normandy landings and the liberation of Paris, Hemingway maintained permanent residences in Key West, Florida, and Cuba, and in 1959, he bought a house in Ketchum, Idaho, where he killed himself in mid-1961. Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21,1899, in Oak Park, Illinois and his father, Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, was a physician, and his mother, Grace Hall Hemingway, was a musician. Both were well-educated and well-respected in Oak Park, a community about which resident Frank Lloyd Wright said. For a short period after their marriage, Clarence and Grace Hemingway lived at first with Graces father, Ernest Hall, their first sons namesake. Later, Ernest Hemingway would say that he disliked his name, the family eventually moved into a seven-bedroom home in a respectable neighborhood with a music studio for Grace and a medical office for Clarence. Hemingways mother frequently performed in concerts around the village, as an adult, Hemingway professed to hate his mother, although biographer Michael S. Reynolds points out that Hemingway mirrored her energy and enthusiasm. The family spent summers at Windemere on Walloon Lake, near Petoskey, from 1913 until 1917, Hemingway attended Oak Park and River Forest High School. He took part in a number of sports—boxing, track and field, water polo and he excelled in English classes, and with his sister Marcelline, performed in the school orchestra for two years
3. Hunter S. Thompson – Hunter Stockton Thompson was an American journalist and author, and the founder of the gonzo journalism movement. Born in Louisville, Kentucky, to a family, Thompson had a turbulent youth after the death of his father left the family in poverty. He was unable to finish high school as he was incarcerated for 60 days after abetting a robbery. He subsequently joined the United States Air Force before moving into journalism and he traveled frequently, including stints in California, Puerto Rico, and Brazil, before settling in Aspen, Colorado, in the early 1960s. Thompson became internationally known with the publication of Hells Angels, The Strange, for his research on the book he had spent a year living and riding with the Angels, experiencing their lives and hearing their stories first-hand. The work he remains best known for, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream, politically minded, Thompson ran unsuccessfully for sheriff of Pitkin County, Colorado, in 1970, on the Freak Power ticket. Thompsons output notably declined from the mid-1970s, as he struggled with the consequences of fame and he was also known for his lifelong use of alcohol and illegal drugs, his love of firearms, and his iconoclastic contempt for authoritarianism. He remarked, I hate to advocate drugs, alcohol, violence, or insanity to anyone, after a bout of health problems, Thompson committed suicide at the age of 67. In accordance with his wishes, his ashes were fired out of a cannon in a ceremony funded by his friend Johnny Depp and attended by friends including then-Senator John Kerry, hari Kunzru wrote that the true voice of Thompson is revealed to be that of American moralist. One who often makes himself ugly to expose the ugliness he sees around him and his parents were introduced to each other by a friend from Jacks fraternity at the University of Kentucky in September 1934, and married on November 2,1935. Thompsons first name came from an ancestor on his mothers side. On December 2,1943, when Thompson was six years old, on July 3,1952, when Thompson was 14 years old, his father, aged 58, died of myasthenia gravis. Hunter and his brothers, Davison Wheeler and James Garnet, were raised by their mother, Hunter also had a much older half-brother, James Thompson, Jr. from his fathers first marriage, who was not part of the Thompson household. Virginia worked as a librarian to support her children, and is described as having become a heavy drinker following her husbands death, ultimately he never joined any sports teams in high school. Thompson attended I. N. Bloom Elementary School, Highland Middle School, also in 1952, he was accepted as a member of the Athenaeum Literary Association, a school-sponsored literary and social club that dated to 1862. Its members at the time, generally drawn from Louisvilles wealthy upper-class families, included Porter Bibb, during this time Thompson read and admired J. P. Donleavys The Ginger Man. As an Athenaeum member, Thompson contributed articles to and helped produce the clubs yearbook The Spectator, the group ejected Thompson in 1955, citing his legal problems. Charged as an accessory to robbery after being in a car with the perpetrator and he served 31 days and, a week after his release, enlisted in the United States Air Force
4. Martha Gellhorn – Martha Ellis Gellhorn was an American novelist, travel writer, and journalist, who is now considered one of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. She reported on every major world conflict that took place during her 60-year career. Gellhorn was also the wife of American novelist Ernest Hemingway. At the age of 89, ill and almost completely blind, the Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism is named after her. Gellhorn was born in St. Louis, Missouri, the daughter of Edna Fischel Gellhorn, a suffragist, and George Gellhorn and her father and maternal grandfather were of Jewish origin, and her maternal grandmother came from a Protestant family. Her brother, Walter Gellhorn, became a law professor at Columbia University. Her younger brother, Alfred Gellhorn, was an oncologist, and former dean of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Gellhorn graduated in 1926 from John Burroughs School in St. Louis, and enrolled in Bryn Mawr College in Philadelphia. In 1927, she left before graduating to pursue a career as a journalist and her first published articles appeared in The New Republic. In 1930, determined to become a correspondent, she went to France for two years, where she worked at the United Press bureau in Paris. While in Europe, she became active in the pacifist movement, roosevelt to aid in the war on the Great Depression. Gellhorn traveled around the United States for FERA to report on the impact of the Depression on the country and she first went to Gastonia, North Carolina, where she used her observation and communication skills to report on how the people of that town were affected by the Depression. Later, she worked with Dorothea Lange, a photographer, to document the lives of the hungry. Their reports later became part of the government files for the Great Depression. They were able to investigate topics that were not usually open to women of the 1930s and her findings were the basis of a collection of short stories, The Trouble Ive Seen. Gellhorn first met Hemingway during a 1936 Christmas family trip to Key West and they agreed to travel to Spain together to cover the Spanish Civil War, where Gellhorn had been hired to report for Colliers Weekly. The pair celebrated Christmas of 1937 together in Barcelona, later, from Germany, she reported on the rise of Adolf Hitler, and in 1938 was in Czechoslovakia. After the outbreak of World War II, she described these events in the novel A Stricken Field and she later reported the war from Finland, Hong Kong, Burma, Singapore, and England. She was the woman to land at Normandy on D-Day on June 6,1944
5. Danny Casolaro – A note was found, and the medical examiner ruled the death a suicide. His death became controversial because his notes suggested he was in Martinsburg to meet a source about a story he called the Octopus. This centered on a collaboration involving an international cabal, and primarily featuring a number of stories familiar to journalists who worked in and near Washington. Casolaro was born into a Roman Catholic family in McLean, Virginia, the son of an obstetrician, one of his siblings fell ill and died shortly after birth. A younger sister, Lisa, died of an overdose in San Franciscos Haight-Ashbury in the 1960s. Casolaro attended Providence College until 1968 and he married Terrill Pace, a former Miss Virginia. The couple had a son, Trey, and divorced after ten years, Casolaros interests included amateur boxing, writing poems and short stories, and raising pure bred Arabian horses. At the time of his death, he had written and published one novel, The Ice King, towards the end of the 1970s, he dropped his interest in journalism and acquired a series of computer-industry trade publications, which he began selling towards the end of the 1980s. In early 1990, he decided to take up again and, soon after, took an interest in the Inslaw case. David Corn writes in The Nation that the papers Casolaro left behind reveal few clues, except that he was in over his head and his papers included old clippings, handwritten notes that were hard to read, and the names of former CIA officers and arms dealers. Corn writes that the notes show Casolaro was influenced by the Christic Institute, Richard Fricker writes in Wired that Casolaro had been led into a Bermuda Triangle of spooks, guns, drugs and organized crime. Ron Rosenbaum writes that the Inslaw story alone is enough to drive a man to madness. If they ever make a movie of the Inslaw suit, he writes, it could be called Mrs. and Mrs. Smith Go to Washington and Meet Franz Kafka. Inslaws founder, William A. Hamilton, in a position with the U. S. Justice Department, had helped develop a program called PROMIS. PROMIS was designed to organize the paperwork generated by law enforcement, after he left the Justice Dept, Hamilton alleged that the government had stolen PROMIS and had distributed it illegally, robbing him of millions of dollars. The department denied this, insisting that they owned it because Hamilton had developed it while working for them, as a result of this dispute, Hamilton and the department had been in litigation since 1983. A conspiracy theory developed around the case, with allegations that back doors had been inserted into the software so that whomever the Justice Department had sold it to could be spied upon. Riconoscuito had been introduced to a friend of Casolaros by Jeff Steinberg, Riconosciuto told Bill Hamilton that he and Earl Brian, a director of Hadron, Inc
6. Iris Chang – Iris Shun-Ru Chang was an American author and journalist. She is best known for her best-selling 1997 account of the Nanking Massacre, Chang is the subject of the 2007 biography, Finding Iris Chang, and the 2007 documentary film Iris Chang, The Rape of Nanking. The daughter of two university professors, Ying-Ying Chang and Dr, after brief stints at the Associated Press and the Chicago Tribune she pursued a masters degree in Writing Seminars at Johns Hopkins University. She then embarked on her career as an author, and lectured and she married Bretton Lee Douglas, whom she had met in college, and had one son, Christopher, who was 2 years old at the time of her suicide. She lived in San Jose, California in the years of her life. Chang wrote three books documenting the experiences of Asians and Chinese Americans in history and her first, Thread of the Silkworm tells the life story of the Chinese professor, Hsue-Shen Tsien during the Red Scare in the 1950s. Tsien left for the Peoples Republic of China in September 1955 and it documents atrocities committed against Chinese by forces of the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War, and includes interviews with victims. Her second book remained on the New York Times Bestseller list for 10 weeks, based on the book, an American documentary film, Nanking, was released in 2007. The book attracted both praise for exposing the details of the atrocity, and criticism because of alleged bias, after publication of the book, Chang campaigned to persuade the Japanese government to apologize for its troops wartime conduct and to pay compensation. Her third book, The Chinese in America, is a history of Chinese Americans that argued that the people were treated as perpetual outsiders. Consistent with the style of her works, the book relied heavily on personal accounts. Society, virtually all of them have had their identities questioned at one point or another, success as an author made Iris Chang into a public figure. It is because of these types of wording and the vagueness of such expressions that Chinese people, changs visibility as a public figure increased with her final work, The Chinese in America, where she argued that Chinese Americans were treated as perpetual outsiders. After her death, she became the subject of tributes from fellow writers, mo Hayder dedicated a novel to her. Reporter Richard Rongstad eulogized her as Iris Chang lit a flame and passed it to others, in 2007, the documentary Nanking was dedicated to Chang, as well as the Chinese victims of Nanking. At the time, she was several months into research for her fourth book and she was also promoting The Chinese in America. After the release from the hospital, she continued to suffer from depression, Chang was also reportedly deeply disturbed by much of the subject matter of her research. On November 9,2004 at about 9 a. m, Chang was found dead in her car by a county water district employee on a rural road south of Los Gatos, California and west of State Route 17, in Santa Clara County