Category:Kievan Rus' princesses
Pages in category "Kievan Rus' princesses"
The following 31 pages are in this category, out of 31 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 31 pages are in this category, out of 31 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Anastasia of Kiev – Anastasia of Kiev was Queen of Hungary as the wife of King Andrew the White. She was the eldest daughter of Grand Prince Yaroslav I the Wise of Kiev and Ingigerd of Sweden, and the older sister of Anne of Kiev, Queen consort of Henry I of France. Around 1039, Anastasia married to Duke Andrew of Hungary, who had settled down in Kiev after his father Vazul took part in an assassination attempt aimed at King Stephen I of Hungary. In 1046, her returned to Hungary and ascended the throne as King Andrew I after defeating King Peter I. Anastasia followed her husband to the kingdom and it was probably she who persuaded her husband to set up a lavra in Tihany for hermits who had come to Hungary from the Kievan Rus. The royal couple did not have a son until 1053, when Anastasia gave birth to Solomon. However, Solomons birth and later caused a bitter conflict between King Andrew I and his younger brother Duke Béla, who had been the heir to the throne until the childs birth. When Duke Béla rose in rebellion against King Andrew in 1060. King Andrew was defeated and died afterwards, and his brother was crowned King of Hungary on 6 December 1060. Anastasia sought the help of King Henry IV of Germany, whose sister, by the time the German troops entered to Hungary to give assistance to Solomon against his uncle, King Béla I had died and his sons, Géza, Ladislaus and Lampert had fled to Poland. The young Solomon was crowned on 27 September 1063, on the occasion of her sons coronation, Anastasia presented what was believed to be the sword of Attila the Hun to Duke Otto II of Bavaria who was the leader of the German troops. Between 1060 and 1073 King Solomon governed his kingdom in collaboration with his cousins, Dukes Géza, Ladislaus and Lampert who had returned to Hungary, however, in 1074 the three brothers rebelled against their cousin, and defeated him on 14 March 1074. King Solomon fled to the Western borders of Hungary where he was able to maintain his rule only over the counties of Moson, Anastasia had followed Solomon, but they began to argue with each other. So she moved to Admont Abbey where she lived as a nun until her death and she was buried in the Abbey. – A kezdetektől 1526-ig, főszerkesztő, Benda, Kálmán
2. Anne of Kiev – Anne of Kiev, Anna Yaroslavna, Anna of Rus also called Agnes, was the queen consort of Henry I of France, and regent of France during the minority of her son, Philip I of France, from 1060 until 1065. Anne founded St. Vincent Abbey in Senlis, Anne was born between 1024 and 1032. Her parents were Yaroslav the Wise, Grand Prince of Kiev and Novgorod, there is not much information about her childhood, but she was evidently given a careful education, and could read and write, which was rare even among royal princesses at the time. In 1043–44, Anne was suggested to marry Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1049, the King of France sent an embassy to distant Kiev, which returned with Anne. But she did bring wealth to the match, including a jacinth which Suger later mounted in the reliquary of St Denis, Anne and Henry I were married at the cathedral of Reims on 19 May 1051. Immediately after the ceremony, she was crowned queen of France and she became the first French queen to be crowned at Reims. Only one year after the marriage, Anne fulfilled her task by giving birth to an heir to the throne, Anne came to play an important personal role as queen of France. As queen, it was her role to act as the manager of the court and household, supervise the upbringing of the royal children. But she also came to play a political role, Queen Anne could ride a horse, was knowledgeable in politics, and actively participated in governing France. She accompanied Henry I on his travels around France. Many French documents bear her signature, written in old Slavic language, Henry I respected Anna so much that his many decrees bear the inscription With the consent of my wife Anna and In the presence of Queen Anna. French historians point out there are no other cases in the French history. On 4 August 1060, Henry I died and was succeeded by her son Philip I, by that time eight years old. During his minority, Anne, as a member of the council, acted as Regent of France. She was the first queen of France to serve as regent, Anne was a literate woman, rare for the time, but there was some opposition to her as regent on the grounds that her mastery of French was less than fluent. In 1061, the Regent Anne reportedly took a fancy for Count Ralph IV of Valois. The traditional story describe how Ralph IV organized an abduction of Anne when she was hunting in the hunting grounds in Senlis and brought her to Crépy-en-Valois. Accused of adultery, Ralph IVs wife Eleanor de Montdidier appealed to Pope Alexander II, the Popes investigation resulted in the marriage between Anne and Ralph IV to be declared invalid and Ralph IV to be excommunicated in 1064
3. Elisiv of Kiev – Elisaveta Yaroslavna of Kiev, was a Princess of Kiev and Queen Consort of King Harald III of Norway. During the winter of 1043–44, Elisaveta was married to Prince Harald Sigurdsson of Norway, Harald had left Norway in 1030 after having participated in the Battle of Stiklestad on the side of his half-brother, King Olav II of Norway. Harald had since then served under the protection of her father as well as that of the Byzantine monarch, Elisaveta was the addressee of Haralds surviving poems where he lamented her suggested lack of affection towards him. In 1045, she followed Harald to Norway, where he became co-king with his nephew, in Norway, Elisaveta was known as Queen Elisiv. The marriage is best documented by the court poet Stuv den blinde, there are no other existing documentation about her stay in Norway. In 1047, King Harald became the ruler of Norway after the death of King Magnus. In 1048, Harald took another wife, Tora Torbergsdatter with whom he had two sons, Magnus and Olaf, the marriage can largely be explained by politics and alliance building. The chiefs of the Giske family played a key role in power politics and it is possible, that Elisiv stayed in Rus, or that she died on her way to Norway. It is therefore possible, that Tora was Haralds concubine, Tora became the mother of both King Olav Kyrre and King Magnus II Haraldsson. In 1066, Harald invaded England, where he was killed in the Battle of Stamford Bridge, tradition says that Elisiv and her daughters followed Harald to England, where Maria died, as it was said, at the news of her fathers death. Afterward Elisiv and her daughter, Ingegerd, returned to Norway with the Norwegian fleet. Elisiv was to have stayed at the Orkney islands during this trip, according to Adam of Bremen, the mother of King Olav Kyrre remarried either King Sweyn II of Denmark or an unnamed Swedish king as a widow, but this is unconfirmed. It is also unknown whether this refers to the mother of Olav Kyrre, which would mean Tora Torbergsdatter, or his stepmother. The date and place of the death of Queen Elisiv is unknown, Elisiv and Harald had two daughters, Ingegerd, married first to Olaf Hunger the future king of Denmark, and after his death, to Philip, the future king of Sweden. Maria, promised in marriage to Eystein Orre, but reportedly died on Orkney the same day that Harald and Eystein died
4. Euphrosyne of Polotsk – Euphrosyne of Polotsk was the granddaughter of a prince of Polotsk, Vseslav, and daughter of Prince Svyatoslav of Polotsk. Predslava was born between 1101 and 1104, into the Rurik noble family, members of which were the dukes of the principality of Polotsk and her father was Prince Svyatoslav-Georgy Vseslavich, second son of Vseslav the Sorcerer. She refused all proposals of marriage and, without her parents knowledge and she became a nun and took the name Euphrosyne. With the blessing of the Bishop of Polotsk, she began to live near the Sophia cathedral, the money she thus earned she distributed amongst the poor. Around 1128 Bishop Elias of Polotsk entrusted Euphrosyne the task of organizing a womens monastery, at the newly constructed Savior-Transfiguration monastery at Seltse she taught the young women to copy books, singing, sewing and other handicrafts. Through her efforts, in 1161, a cathedral was built which survives to the present day and she also founded a mens monastery dedicated to the Mother of God, as well as, two churches. The church of The Holy Saviour, still today and is considered to be the most precious monument of early Belarusian architecture. Towards the end of her life, she undertook a pilgrimage to Constantinople, patriarch Michael II of Constantinople gave her an icon of the Theotokos, which is now called the Virgin of Korsun. The Crusader king, Amalric I of Jerusalem, also received her in the Holy Land and her body, after the conquest of Jerusalem by Saladin in 1187, was carried by the monks to Kiev and deposited there in the Monastery of the Caves. It was only in 1910 that the relics of the saint were brought back to her town of Polatsk. Her feast day is celebrated on May 23, Euphrosyne is the only virgin saint of East Slav origin. Euphrosyne of Polotsk is a saint of Belarus. In Belarus there is a Convent of Saint Euphrosyne in Polotsk, in addition there are churches dedicated to Euphrosyne of Polotsk in London, Toronto, Vilnius and South River, New Jersey. The cross of Saint Euphrosyne was a splendid gem-studded cross created at her behest by a local master, the famous six-armed golden cross was decorated with enamels and precious stones and presented by her to the church of the Holy Saviour in 1161. Of exquisite beauty, the relic survived centuries of turbulence until World War II, for the last time, the cross was seen in Mogilev. Cross of Saint Euphrosyne List of Catholic saints Boris stones
5. Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden – Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden, also known as Irene, Anna and St. Anna, was a Swedish princess and a Grand Princess of Kiev. She was the daughter of Swedish King Olof Skötkonung and Estrid of the Obotrites, Ingegerd or St. Anna is often confused with the mother of St. Vladimir “the Enlightener” of the Rus. This is mainly because Ingegerd and Yaroslav also had a son named Vladimir, however, St. Vladimir was the father of Ingegerd’s husband Yaroslav I “the Wise”, thus making her St. Vladimir’s daughter-in-law. St. Vladimir was the son of Sviatoslav and Malusha, Ingegerd was born in Sigtuna, Sweden. She was engaged to be married to Norwegian King Olaf II, instead, Ingegerds father quickly arranged for a marriage to the powerful Yaroslav I the Wise of Novgorod. The marriage took place in 1019, once in Kiev, she changed her name to the Greek Irene. According to several sagas, she was given as a marriage gift Ladoga and adjacent lands and she placed her friend, jarl Ragnvald Ulfsson, to rule in her stead. Ingegerd initiated the building of the Saint Sophias Cathedral in Kiev that was supervised by her husband and she also initiated the construction of the Cathedral of St. Sophia in Novgorod. They had six sons and four daughters, the latter of whom became Queens of France, Hungary, Norway, the whole family is depicted in one of the frescoes of the Saint Sophia. Ingegerd died on 10 February 1050, upon her death, according to different sources, Ingegerd was buried in either Saint Sophias Cathedral in Kyiv or Cathedral of St. Sophia in Novgorod. Ingegerd was later declared a saint, by the name of St. Anna, in Novgorod and Kiev. The reason was that she initiated the building of the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev as well as the local version, the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod, along with many good doings. In Sweden she was known as Princess Indegard, she married Yaroslav I “the Wise“, Grand Prince of Kiev and she gave shelter to the outcast sons of British King Edmund, Edwin and Edward, as well as the Norwegian prince Magnus, who later returned to Norway. She is perhaps best known as the mother of Vsevolod of, himself the father of Vladimir Monomakh and her daughters were Anna, Queen of France, Queen Anastasia of Hungary, and Queen Elizabeth of Norway. The whole family was devout and pious. She reposed in 1050 in the Cathedral of Holy Wisdom in Kiev, as saint, her hymn goes, And 4 stichera, in Tone I, Spec. Feast days,10 February,4 October, sverige och dess regenter under 1.000 år. Commemoration of Our Venerable Mother Anna, Wonderworker of Novgorod, St. Anna of Novgorod | Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese
6. Kunigunda of Halych – Kunigunda Rostislavna was Queen consort of Bohemia and its Regent from 1278 until her death. She was a member of the House of Chernigov, and a daughter of Rostislav Mikhailovich and she was presumably born in Ruthenia, in the domains of her paternal grandfather Michael of Chernigov. Her grandfather was the last Grand Prince of Kiev, who was deposed not by a powerful prince. Her parents were Rostislav Mikhailovich, future ruler of Belgrade and Slavonia and her father proclaimed himself Emperor of Bulgaria in 1256 but did not stay there to defend his title. Kunigunda was married – as a token of alliance from her maternal grandfather Béla – to King Ottokar II of Bohemia in Pressburg on 25 October 1261. Ottokar was a member of the Přemyslid dynasty who had recently divorced from Margaret. Kunigunda,41 years Margarets junior, bore Ottokar several children including, married Rudolf II, Duke of Austria. However, the peace between Bohemia and Hungary ended after 10 years, when Kunigundas uncle Stephen came to power as the King of Hungary, in 1278, King Ottokar tried to recover his lands lost to Rudolph I of Germany in 1276. He made allies and collected an army, but he was defeated by Rudolph and killed at the Battle of Dürnkrut. Kunigunda married secondly a Bohemian magnate Záviš, Lord of Falkenštejn, however, she died only a few months later. Záviš survived her and married again to the Hungarian Princess Elisabeth and he was executed on behalf of the King on 24 August 1290. Kunigundas son Wenceslaus II kept the Kingdom of Bohemia, and also succeeded in obtaining Poland, ultimately, she is one of the pivotal ancestresses of both the House of Luxembourg and the Habsburgs. Radostný úděl vdovský, královny-vdovy přemyslovských Čech
7. Malusha – Malusha/Malfrida historically is known as a servant for Olga of Kiev and wife of Sviatoslav I of Kiev. According to Slavonic chronicles, she was the mother of Vladimir the Great, the Norse sagas describe Vladimirs mother as a prophetess who lived to the age of 100 and was brought from her cave to the palace to predict the future. Malusha monuments in Korosten, Ukraine, with her young son Vladimir, as the chronicles are silent on the subject of Malushas pedigree, 19th-century Russian and Ukrainian historians devised various theories to explain her parentage and name. Alexei Shakhmatov considered Malusha to be the daughter of Mstisha Sveneldovich, son of Sveneld and he believed that the name Malusha was a slavinized version of a Scandinavian name Malfried. In this case, Malusha was of Norse origin, the Primary Chronicle records that a certain Malfried died in 1000. This record follows that of Rognedas death, since Rogneda was Vladimirs wife, historians assume that Malfried was another close relative of the ruling prince, preferably his wife or mother. The anti-Normanist historian Dmitry Ilovaisky managed to draw an opposite conclusion and this claim received no wider support. Dmitry Prozorovsky believed that Malusha was the daughter of Mal, a Drevlyan leader, the same one that wanted to marry Olga of Kiev after she became a widow
8. Maria Dobroniega of Kiev – Maria Dobroniega of Kiev, was a Kievian Rus princess of the Rurikid dynasty and by marriage Duchess of Poland. She was one of the children of Vladimir I, Grand Prince of Kiev. The identity of her mother is disputed among historians and web sources, Grand Prince Vladimir I had married seven times and had fathered many children, legitimate and illegitimate. Anna Porphyrogeneta, his wife, is known to have predeceased Vladimir by four years. Chronicle Thietmar of Merseburg, writing from contemporary accounts, mentions that Boleslaw I of Poland captured Vladimir Is widow during his raid on Kiev in 1018, the historians long had no clue as to identity of this wife. He interpreted this evidence as pertaining to Vladimir Is last wife and this woman is a possible identity for Marias mother. Maria married around 1040 to Casimir I the Restorer, Duke of Poland and this marriage helped Casimir to gain support in his reclaim over the Polish throne. Casimir had attempted to seize the throne twice before, both times he failed, with the support of Marias brother, Yaroslav I the Wise, Casimir was able to make a successful claim. The couple had five children, Bolesław II the Bold, Świętosława, married c.1062 to Duke Vratislaus II of Bohemia. Marias husband died on 28 November 1058 and her sixteen-year-old son, Bolesław, became King of Poland. Bolesław II is considered one of the most capable of the Piast rulers, however, he was deposed & expelled from the country in 1079. Bolesław II died two years later, in 1081, maria survived her son by six years, dying in 1087, aged seventy-six or seventy-seven
9. Olga of Kiev – Saint Olga was a ruler of Kievan Rus as regent for her son, Svyatoslav. Because of this, Olga is venerated as a saint, while her birthdate is unknown, it could be as early as AD890 and as late as 5 June 925. Olga, a woman from Pskov, married the future Igor of Kiev, arguably in 903, the Primary Chronicle gives 879 as her date of birth, which is unlikely, given the birth of her only son probably some 65 years after that date. After Igors death, Olga ruled Kievan Rus as regent on behalf of their son Svyatoslav and she was, hypothetically, of Varangian extraction. Old Norse, Helga The following account is taken from the Primary Chronicle, Princess Olga was the wife of Igor of Kiev, who was killed by the Drevlians. At the time of her husbands death, their son Svyatoslav was three years old, making Olga the official ruler of Kievan Rus until he reached adulthood. The Drevlians wanted Olga to marry their Prince Mal, making him the ruler of Kievan Rus, the Drevlians sent twenty of their best men to persuade Olga to marry their Prince Mal and give up her rule of Kievan Rus. Then she sent word to Prince Mal that she accepted the proposal, the Drevlians sent their best men who governed their land. Upon their arrival, she offered them a welcome and an invitation to clean up after their long journey in a bathhouse. After they entered, she locked the doors and set fire to the building, burning them alive, with the best and wisest men out of the way, she planned to destroy the remaining Drevlians. She invited them to a funeral feast so she could mourn over her husbands grave, after the Drevlians were drunk, Olgas soldiers killed over 5,000 of them. She returned to Kiev and prepared an army to attack the survivors, the Drevlians begged for mercy and offered to pay for their freedom with honey and furs. She asked for three pigeons and three sparrows from each house, since she did not want to burden the villagers any further after the siege and they were happy to comply with such a reasonable request. Now Olga gave to each soldier in her army a pigeon or a sparrow, when night fell, Olga bade her soldiers release the pigeons and the sparrows. So the birds flew to their nests, the pigeons to the cotes, the dove-cotes, the coops, the porches, and the haymows were set on fire. There was not a house that was not consumed, and it was impossible to extinguish the flames, the people fled from the city, and Olga ordered her soldiers to catch them. Thus she took the city and burned it, and captured the elders of the city, some of the other captives she killed, while some she gave to others as slaves to her followers. The remnant she left to pay tribute, in 947, Princess Olga launched a punitive expedition against the tribal elites between the Luga and the Msta River
10. Rogneda of Polotsk – Rogneda of Polotsk is the Slavic name for Ragnhild, whose father Ragnvald came from Scandinavia and established himself at Polatsk in the mid-10th century. It has been speculated that Rogneda belonged to the Ynglings royal family of Norway, in or about 980, Vladimir, on learning that she was betrothed to his half-brother Yaropolk I of Kiev, took Polotsk and forced Rogneda to marry him. Having raped Rogneda in the presence of her parents, he ordered them to be killed, the four sons were Yaroslav the Wise, Vsevolod, Mstislav of Chernigov, and Izyaslav of Polotsk. She also bore two daughters, one of whom is named by Nestor the Chronicler as Predslava, a later chronicle tells a story, most likely taken from a Norse saga, of Rogneda plotting against Vladimir and asking her elder son, Izyaslav, to kill him. As was the Norse royal custom, she was sent with her son to govern the land of her parents. Izyaslavs line continued to rule Polotsk and the newly found town of Izyaslavl until the Mongol invasion, after Vladimir converted to Christianity and took Anna Porphyrogeneta as his wife, he had to divorce all his previous wives, including Rogneda. After that, she entered the convent and took the name Anastasia, around 1825 Kondraty Ryleev wrote a narrative poem entitled Rogneda. This poem became a source for her portrayal in the nationalist Russian opera Rogneda by Alexander Serov. Family life and children of Vladimir I List of rape victims from history and mythology
11. Maria Shvarnovna – Maria Shvarnovna was the first wife of Vsevolod III Big Nest, and gave birth to at least 14 children. As Yaroslavs mother, she is thus the paternal grandmother of Alexander Nevsky, whose son, Daniel of Moscow, some sources say she was Ossetian or Alan and connected to the Georgian royal house, while others, such as the Uspensky Sbornik, say she was Moravian. The date of her death is uncertain, as 19 March 1205 is also given in some accounts. The Novgorod First Chronicle mentions her death under the year 1205, as it is mentioned after her son Konstantins arrival in Novgorod on March 20, it would seem she died after that, perhaps in May. According to several accounts, the convent was founded in 1200 and Maria took the schema, Maria and Vsevolod the Big Nest had at least 14 children, Sbislava Vsevolodovna. Married Rostislav Yaroslavich, Prince of Snov and he was a son of Yaroslav II Vsevolodovich, Prince of Chernigov. His paternal grandfather was Vsevolod II of Kiev