Sir David Frank Adjaye OBE RA is a Ghanaian British architect. Adjaye is the designer of the National Museum of African American History and Culture, located on the National Mall in Washington. David Adjaye was born in Dar es Salaam, the son of a Ghanaian diplomat, David Adjaye lived in Tanzania, Egypt and Lebanon before moving to Britain at the age of nine. He earned a BA at London South Bank University, before graduating with an MA in 1993 from the Royal College of Art, previously a unit tutor at the Architectural Association, he was a lecturer at the Royal College of Art. This office was disbanded in 2000 and Adjaye established his own studio at this point. This followed their 2005 publication of Adjayes first book, David Adjaye Houses. C and his design features a crown motif from Yoruba sculpture. Alongside his international commissions, Adjayes work spans exhibitions, private homes and he built homes for the designer Alexander McQueen, artist Jake Chapman, photographer Juergen Teller, actor Ewan McGregor, and artists Tim Noble and Sue Webster.
For artist Chris Ofili, he designed a new studio and a house in Port of Spain. He worked with Ofili to create an environment for The Upper Room, Adjaye collaborated with artist Olafur Eliasson to create a light installation, Your black horizon, at the 2005 Venice Biennale. He has worked on the art project Sankalpa with director Shekhar Kapur, Adjaye coauthored two seasons of BBCs Dreamspaces television series and hosts a BBC radio programme. In June 2005, he presented the documentary Building Africa, Architecture of a Continent, in 2008, he participated in Manifesta 7 and the Gwangju Biennale. In 2015 he was commissioned to design a new home for the Studio Museum in Harlem, recent works include the Museum of Contemporary Art in Denver, the Nobel Peace Centre in Oslo and the Skolkovo Moscow School of Management, completed in 2010. Adjaye currently holds a Visiting Professor post at Princeton University School of Architecture and he was the first Louis Kahn visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania, and was the Kenzo Tange Professor in Architecture at Harvard Graduate School of Design.
In addition, he is a RIBA Chartered Member, an AIA Honorary Fellow, a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and a Senior Fellow of the Design Futures Council. Making Place, The Architecture of David Adjaye was on display at the Art Institute of Chicago from September 2015 to January 2016, in 2014, Adjaye married business consultant Ashley Shaw-Scott. Chris Ofili was his best man, Adjaye was featured in an advertising campaign for British luxury brand Dunhill in 2012. Adjaye has worked on collaborative projects with his brother Peter Adjaye. In 2006, Adjaye was shortlisted for the Stirling Prize for the Whitechapel Idea Store and he was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 2007 for services to British architecture
Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie (/ˈæbərkrʌmbɪ/,6 June 1879, Ashton upon Mersey –23 March 1957, Aston Tirrold, Berkshire was an English town planner. Educated at Uppingham School, brother of Lascelles Abercrombie, Sir Patrick was closely involved in the founding of the Council for the Preservation of Rural England. After its formation in December 1926, he served as its Honorary Secretary and he is best known for the post-Second World War replanning of London. He created the County of London Plan and the Greater London Plan which are referred to as the Abercrombie Plan. He appears in the film The Proud City presenting his plan to the public, in 1945 he published A Plan for the City & County of Kingston upon Hull, with the assistance of Sir Edwin Lutyens. Lutyens had died the year before publication whilst much of the plan was being finalised, from the Abercrombie Plan came the New Towns movement which included the building of Harlow and Crawley and the largest out-county estate, Harold Hill in north-east London.
He produced the Clyde Valley Regional Plan in 1946 with Robert H Matthews that proposed the new towns of East Kilbride, during the postwar years, Sir Patrick was commissioned by the British government to redesign Hong Kong. In 1956 he was commissioned by Haile Selassie to draw up plans for the capital of Ethiopia, Patrick Abercrombie was knighted in 1945. In 1948 he became the first president of the newly formed group the International Union of Architects, the group now annually awards the Sir Patrick Abercrombie Prize, for excellence in town planning. In 1950 he received the AIA Gold Medal, the University of Liverpools Department of Civic Design continues to award an Abercrombie Prize annually to its top-performing student. The Abercrombie Building at Oxford Brookes University is home to the Faculty of Technology, Design, a Blue Plaque has been erected at a house formerly occupied by Patrick Abercrombie, Village Road, Merseyside North East Wales Institute of Higher Education in Wrexham. Sir Patrick Abercrombie, The Preservation of Rural England and Stoughton Ltd, the book that lead to the foundation of the CPRE.
Patrick Abercrombie and John Archibald, East Kent Regional Planning Scheme Survey, Kent County Council, J. Paton Watson and Patrick Abercrombie, A Plan for Plymouth, Underhill. Edwin Lutyens & Patrick Abercrombie, A Plan for the City & County of Kingston upon Hull, Patrick Abercrombie, Hong Kong Preliminary Planning Report, Government Printer, Hong Kong,1948. Patrick Abercrombie and Richard Nickson, Its preservation and redevelopment, Sir Patrick Abercrombie, Revised by D. Rigby Childs and Country Planning, Third Edition, Oxford University Press,1959, Reprinted 1961 and 1967. He was the brother of the poet and critic, Lascelles Abercrombie and uncle to Michael Abercrombie
Abdul Qadir (Muslim leader)
Sir Abdul Qadir was an editor and Muslim community leader in British India. He was the leader of Anjuman-i-Himayat-i-Islam in 1941 and he used his position as the lead of this organization to form other, pro-partition of India organizations. Qadir was born in Ludhiana on 15 March 1874, Qadir was the editor of the Observer, the first Muslim newspaper published in English in 1898. In 1901 he launched the magazine Makhzan, an Urdu language publication and this magazine published the early works of Allama Muhammad Iqbal. In 1904 Qadir went to law in London, and was called to the bar in 1907 after which he returned to India. Qadir had been knighted by the British in the 1927 Birthday Honours and he died on 9 February 1950 at the age of 75 and buried in Miani Sahib Graveyard, Lahore. His son Manzur Qadir, was a prominent Pakistani jurist who served as the Foreign Minister of Pakistan during the rule of Ayub Khan. Indian Muslims and the Partition of India
Sir Frank Ezra Adcock, OBE, FBA was a British classical historian who was Professor of Ancient History at the University of Cambridge between 1925 and 1951. In addition to his work, he served as a cryptographer in both World War I and World War II. Adcock was born in Desford, Leicestershire, on 15 April 1886 and he was the son of Thomas Draper Adcock, the head of Desford Industrial School, and Mary Esther Adcock. He was educated at Wyggeston School, a school in Leicester. He went on to study classics at King’s College, University of Cambridge, in 1911, Adcock was elected as a fellow and lecturer of Kings College, Cambridge. He held the Chair of Ancient History at the University Cambridge from 1925 to 1951 when he retired, bury and S. A. Cook he edited the Cambridge Ancient History, which was published from 1923 to 1939, and wrote ten chapters of it. Adcock was President of the Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies from 1929 to 1931 and he was President of the Classical Association from 1947 to 1948.
Between 1915 and 1919, during World War I, Adcock worked for the Intelligence Division and he served as a Lieutenant-Commander in the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve from 1917 to 1919. His main role was as an interpreter of codes and ciphers and he worked at Bletchley Park from 1939 to 1943. In the 1918 Kings Birthday Honours, Adcock was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire for services in connection with the War and he was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1936. In the 1954 New Year Honours, it was announced that he would be made a Knight Bachelor, on 16 February 1954, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother at Buckingham Palace. On 22 February 1968, Adcock died at Kings College, Cambridge
Sir Charles Aldis was an English surgeon. His son, Charles James Berridge Aldis, was a physician, Aldis was born in 1775 or 1776 in Norfolk. He was the son of Daniel Aldis, a medical practitioner and he came to London in 1794 and studied at Guys and Bartholomews Hospitals. In 1797 or 1798 he was surgeon to the sick and wounded prisoners of war at Norman Cross barracks. He was surgeon to the New Finsbury Dispensary, and founded a hospital, called the Glandular Institution for the Cure of Cancer. Charles Aldis was known as an antiquary as well as a surgeon and he died on 28 March 1863. This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Aldis
Sir Harold Mario Mitchell Acton CBE was a British writer and aesthete. He was born near Florence, Italy, of a prominent Anglo-Italian family, at Eton College, he was a founding member of the Eton Arts Society, before going up to Oxford to read Modern Greats at Christ Church. Between the wars, Acton lived between Paris and Florence, proving most successful as a historian, his magnus opus being a 3-volume study of the Medicis and he wrote fiction and autobiography. Moving to China, he studied Chinese language, traditional drama, after serving as an RAF liaison officer in the Mediterranean, he returned to Florence, restoring his childhood home La Pietra to its earlier glory. Acton was knighted in 1974, and died in Florence, leaving La Pietra to New York University, Acton was born into a prominent Anglo-Italian-American family at Villa La Pietra, his parents house one mile outside the walls of Florence, Italy. The only modern furniture in the villa was in the nurseries, and his early schooling was at Miss Penroses private school in Florence.
In 1913 his parents sent him to Wixenford Preparatory School near Reading in southern England, among his contemporaries at Eton were Eric Blair, Cyril Connolly, Robert Byron, Alec Douglas-Home, Ian Fleming, Brian Howard, Oliver Messel, Anthony Powell, and Henry Yorke. In his final years at school Acton became a member of the Eton Arts Society. In October 1923 Acton went up to Oxford to read Modern Greats at Christ Church and it was from the balcony of his rooms in Meadow Buildings that he declaimed passages from The Waste Land through a megaphone. While at Oxford he co-founded the avant garde magazine The Oxford Broom and he thanked me profusely, raised the bowler with a dazzling smile, and propelled himself Deanward, an Oriental diplomat off to leave a jewelled carte de visite. Theyre supposed to eat new-born babies cooked in wine, Evelyn Waugh peopled his novels with composite characters based upon individuals he personally knew. Harold Acton is reputed to have inspired, at least in part, in a letter to Lord Baldwin, Waugh wrote, There is an aesthetic bugger who sometimes turns up in my novels under various names – that was 2/3 Brian and 1/3 Harold Acton.
People think it was all Harold, who is a sweeter and saner man. However, Waugh wrote, The characters in my novels often wrongly identified with Harold Acton were to a great extent drawn from Brian Howard, in 1926 Acton acted as a special constable during the General Strike, apolitical as he was, and took his degree. In October he took an apartment in Paris, at 29 Quai de Bourbon, moving between Paris and London in the next few years, Acton sought to find his voice as a writer. In 1927 he began work on a novel, and a book of poems, Five Saints. This was followed by a fable, Cornelian, in March. In July Acton acted as Best Man at the wedding of Evelyn Waugh to the Honourable Evelyn Gardner, in the 1920s Harold frequented the London salon of Lady Cunard, where at various times he encountered Ezra Pound, Joseph Duveen and the Irish novelist George Moore
The appointment of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. It is the most basic and lowest rank of a man who has been knighted by the monarch, Knights Bachelor are the most ancient sort of British knight, but Knights Bachelor rank below knights of the various orders. There is no counterpart to Knight Bachelor. The lowest knightly honour that can be conferred upon a woman is Dame Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire – which, foreigners are not created Knights Bachelor, instead they are generally made honorary KBEs. It is generally awarded for service, amongst its recipients are all male judges of Her Majestys High Court of Justice in England. Sir Patrick Stewart, and Sir Tom Jones are Officers of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, like other knights, Knights Bachelor are styled Sir. Since they are not knights of any order of chivalry, there is no post-nominal associated with the award. This style is adopted by Knights Bachelor who are peers, baronets or knights of the various statutory orders, such as Sir William Boulton, Bt, Kt, or The Lord Olivier.
Until 1926 Knights Bachelor had no insignia which they could wear, the Knights Bachelor badge may be worn on all such occasions upon the left side of the coat or outer garment of those upon whom the degree of Knight Bachelor has been conferred. In 1974, Queen Elizabeth II issued a warrant authorising the wearing on appropriate occasions of a neck badge, slightly smaller in size. In 1988 a new certificate of authentication, a knights only personal documentation, was designed by the College of Arms. The Imperial Society of Knights Bachelor was founded for the maintenance and consolidation of the Dignity of Knights Bachelor in 1908, the Society keeps records of all Knights Bachelor, in their interest
Frederick Abbott (Indian Army officer)
Major General Sir Frederick Abbott CB was a British army officer and engineer of the East India Company. He served in the First Burmese War, and in 1825 distinguished himself in the Battle of Prome, after serving in different locations in India, he took part as chief engineer in the First Anglo-Afghan War. Here he was ordered to destroy the great bazaar of Kabul as a retribution for the murder of a British officer, in 1841, Abbott was appointed superintending engineer of the north-western provinces of Bengal. He fought in the First Anglo-Sikh War in 1846, and took part in the Battle of Sobraon and he retired one year and took over as lieutenant-governor of Addiscombe Seminary in 1851. Abbott became a bachelor in 1854 and was promoted to Major-General in 1858. In 1859, he was appointed to serve on the Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom, after the college was closed in 1861, he served on various other royal commissions. In 1835, he married Frances Cox, da. of Lt. Col, Royal Artillery, and widow of Lt.
Col. Abbott died in Branksome Park, Poole in 1892 and his wife and daughter both predeceased him. R. H. Vetch, Rev. Roger T. Stearn, vibart, H. M. Addiscombe, its heroes and men of note
George Alexander (actor)
Sir George Alexander, born George Alexander Gibb Samson, was an English stage actor, theatre producer and theatre manager. Alexander was born in Reading, Berkshire and he began acting in amateur theatricals in 1875. Four years he embarked on an acting career, making his London debut in 1881. He played many roles in the companies, including Sir Henry Irvings Lyceum Theatre. He appeared in The Second Mrs Tanqueray by Sir Arthur Wing Pinero in which he played Aubrey Tanqueray, one of the most famous first nights in Victorian theatre occurred on 14 February 1895 when The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde hit the stage. The Prince of Wales was in attendance, and a dozen policemen could be seen patrolling the streets outside. A tip-off had warned both the author and the actor/manager that Lord Alfred Douglass father, the Marquess of Queensberry was hoping to get into the theatre and create havoc during the play. Fortunately the Marquess was ushered from the premises and in disgust threw his grotesque bouquet of vegetables that he was carrying into the gutter, Queensberry set into motion the events that led to Wildes downfall and disgrace.
Upon his release from prison in 1897, Wilde moved to the continent, Wilde still felt indebted to Alexander as a result of his artistic integrity in producing two of Wildes plays so successfully. How absurd and mean of him. I know it was dictated by sheer kindness, Alexander willed the rights of the plays to Wildes son, Vyvyan. Under Alexander, the St Jamess Theatre was said to be modern in outlook, the imaginative fancy of Mr. Walter Crane had created designs for the decoration of the walls in the foyer. They were covered with embossed paper of green and gold, on the one side a curiously carved mantelpiece in walnut, was surmounted by a picture of Venus emerging from a shell, painted by Mr. J. Macbeth. While on the side sat the ticket box, having all the appearance of an elegant cabinet, with antique clock and choice blue. On the floor were spread rich and costly rugs and Indian carpets, a flight of stairs made of Siena marble, covered with Indian carpet, and having brass standards on either side of the banisters, conducted one to the crush-room.
Again, fancifully furnished, draped with printed tapestry, and resplendent with mirrors, from the scheme and the designers, it appears that Oscar Wilde must have advised on the house decoration. Later The Prisoner of Zenda by Anthony Hope followed in 1896, more Pinero premieres added to the already overwhelming successes at the St. Jamess, including Stephen Phillipss Paolo and Francesca. Henry Jamess Guy Domville was a rare disaster, having become an actor rather than a financier, as his family wished, Alexander threw himself into the development of the modern drawing room comedy. It was here his true talent shone, with a light comic air and a delicate grace Alec, as he was affectionately known, brought many care-free parts to life
Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, 1st Baronet GCVO, KCB, FRS was an English chemist. In 1852 he was appointed lecturer in chemistry at the Royal Military Academy, succeeding Michael Faraday, from 1854 until 1888 Abel served as ordnance chemist at the Chemical Establishment of the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich, establishing himself as the leading British authority on explosives. Three years was appointed chemist to the War Department and chemical referee to the government, during his tenure of this office, which lasted until 1888, he carried out a large amount of work in connection with the chemistry of explosives. He and Dewar were unsuccessfully sued by Alfred Nobel over infringement of Nobels patent for an explosive called ballistite. He extensively researched the behaviour of black powder when ignited, at the request of the British government, he devised the Abel test, a means of determining the flash point of petroleum products. His first instrument, the open-test apparatus, was specified in an Act of Parliament in 1868 for officially specifying petroleum products and it was superseded in August 1879 by the much more reliable Abel close-test instrument.
Under the leadership of Sir Frederick Abel, Guncotton was developed at Waltham Abbey Royal Gunpowder Mills, patented in 1865, and he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1860 and received their Royal Medal in 1887. He was president of the Chemical Society, of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, of the Institute of Chemistry and he was president of the Iron and Steel Institute in 1891 and was awarded the Bessemer Gold Medal in 1897. He was awarded the Telford Medal by the Institution of Civil Engineers in 1879 and he was made a Commander of the Bath by 13 February 1879. He was Rede Lecturer and received a doctorate from Cambridge University in 1888. Abel died in September 1902, aged 75, and was buried in Nunhead Cemetery, the baronetcy became extinct on his death. Internal ballistics Attribution This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Hugh, ed. Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus