Category:Landforms of Hart County, Kentucky
This category has only the following subcategory.
This category has only the following subcategory.
Horse Cave is a home rule-class city in Hart County, United States. Randall Curry currently serves as Mayor of the city and is assisted by a City Council that is composed of six members, according to Census data, the population of Horse Cave was 2,311 in 2010. The town was settled by Maj. Albert Anderson in the 1840s, the landowner donated land for an L&N station in 1858 on the provision that it be named after nearby Horse Cave. The community around the station developed quickly, so that a post office was erected in 1860, the cave for which the city is named is located on the south side of Main Street. Various explanations are given for its unusual name, the cave has been known as Hidden River Cave, for an underground stream located inside. That stream was used to power a dynamo and, for a while in the late 19th century, Horse Cave was the city in Kentucky apart from Louisville. Around World War I, the only air-conditioned tennis courts in the world were located near the entrance of the cave, the stream provided the towns water supply but mistaken development caused raw sewage to seep into the water and forced the closure of the cave for fifty years.
The stench was so bad in the 1960s that pedestrians typically crossed to the side of Main Street rather than walk near the entrance. The problem has largely solved in recent years. The town changed its name to Caverna in 1869 but the inability to change the name of the station prompted the community to reconsider. Owing to its rail connection, Horse Cave was a major center of agricultural commerce for Hart, Green. Tobacco warehouses provided the majority of the income, since the 1970s, some factories have relocated to the area including, Dart Container Corporation, T Marzetti Company, and Sister Schuberts Bakery. Tourist attractions include Kentucky Down Under/Kentucky Caverns, Hidden River Cave/American Cave Museum, civil War Days are an annual tourist event, during which time parades down Main Street and reenactments of the Battle of Rowletts Station between Horse Cave and Munfordville are staged. A local theatre formerly known as the Horse Cave Theatre and/or the Kentucky Repertory Theatre once operated in Horse Cave but is no longer in business.
Horse Cave was the birthplace of Jack Robert Thompson, the father of noted author and journalist Hunter S. Thompson, Horse Cave is located at 37°10′34″N 85°54′22″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 3.0 square miles. A large bamboo research station is north of Horse Cave on U. S. Route 31W in Bonnieville and it is said to contain the largest collection of bamboos in the state of Kentucky. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,252 people,977 households, the population density was 758.0 people per square mile
Mammoth Cave National Park is a U. S. national park in central Kentucky, encompassing portions of Mammoth Cave, the longest cave system known in the world. Since the 1972 unification of Mammoth Cave with the system under Flint Ridge to the north. The park was established as a park on July 1,1941. It became a World Heritage Site on October 27,1981, the parks 52,830 acres are located primarily in Edmonson County, with small areas extending eastward into Hart County and Barren County. It is centered on the Green River, with a tributary, with 405 miles of surveyed passageways Mammoth Cave is by far the worlds longest known cave system, being over twice as long as the second-longest cave system, Mexicos Sac Actun underwater cave. Mammoth Cave developed in thick Mississippian-aged limestone strata capped by a layer of sandstone and it is known to include more than 390 miles of passageway, new discoveries and connections add several miles to this figure each year. Mammoth Cave National Park was established to preserve the cave system, the epikarstic zone concentrates local flows of runoff into high-elevation springs which emerge at the edges of ridges.
It is in underlying massive limestone layers that the human-explorable caves of the region have naturally developed. The limestone layers of the column beneath the Big Clifty, in increasing order of depth below the ridgetops, are the Girkin Formation. Genevieve Limestone, and the St. Louis Limestone, for example, the large Main Cave passage seen on the Historic Tour is located at the bottom of the Girkin and the top of the Ste. Each of the layers of limestone is divided further into named geological units and subunits. One area of research involves correlating the stratigraphy with the cave survey produced by explorers. This makes it possible to produce approximate three-dimensional maps of the contours of the layer boundaries without the necessity for test wells. The upper sandstone caprock is relatively hard for water to penetrate, the sandstone caprock layer has been dissolved and eroded at many locations within the park, such as the Frozen Niagara room. At one valley bottom in the region of the park.
Known as Cedar Sink, the features a small river entering one side. Mammoth Cave is home to the endangered Kentucky cave shrimp, a sightless albino shrimp, the National Park Service offers several cave tours to visitors. Some notable features of the cave, such as Grand Avenue, Frozen Niagara, two tours, lit only by visitor-carried paraffin lamps, are popular alternatives to the electric-lit routes