Chinatown in Melbourne, Australia is located within the Melbourne city centre, centred at the eastern end of Little Bourke Streeet. It extends between the corners of Swanston and Spring Streets, and consists of laneways and arcades and it is notable for being the longest continuous Chinese settlement in the Western World and the oldest Chinatown in the Southern Hemisphere. Chinatown is home to the Chinese Museum, Melbournes Chinatown has a long and illustrious history. It was established during the Victorian gold rush in 1851 when Chinese prospectors came to Australia for the rush in search of gold. In late 1854, the first Chinese lodging houses were created in Little Bourke Street and this particular location was considered convenient for the immigrants, as it was a staging post for new Chinese immigrants as well as supplies en route to the goldfields. The Chinese established themselves as storekeepers, furniture-makers, herbalists and in the fruit and vegetable. Christian churches were built and Chinese political groups and newspapers were subsequently formed, other members of the Chinese community who lived and worked elsewhere used Chinatown to congregate with friends.
The area provided support to new Chinese immigrants. This boom was further enlarged by the re-development, at the request of Chinatown entrepreneur David Neng-Hsiang Wang, the Southern Chinese people were the first Chinese Australians to bring Chinese cuisine to Australia, although recently more Northern Chinese food has become common. Chinese food was the first international cuisine to become popular through the take away food market in Australia, in 2010, the ground floor of the Chinese Museum was remodeled as a visitor centre for Melbournes Chinatown. In 2011, a Memorial statue of Dr Sun Yat-sen was unveiled outside the Museums entrance in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Republic of China. The traditional Chinese New Year Lion Dance has always ended at this spot, the Chinese New Year is primarily celebrated in Chinatown on the first Sunday of the new Lunar year. It is the original and primary location of Melbournes CNY festival, although the festival has expanded to multiple CBD sites in recent years, including Crown Casino.
The Dai Loong Dragon Parade, as well as the main Lion Dances begin at roughly 10am on the Sunday following New Year, the Dragon parade begins and ends at Melbournes Chinese Museum. The Asian food festival is held in Spring and celebrates Asian cuisine with food tasting, cooking demonstrations. An older community, with back to the 1850s gold rush, is to be found in Bendigo. Chinese Museum, Melbourne Chinese Museum Museum of Chinese Australian History
Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre
The Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre is the name given to two adjacent buildings next to the Yarra River in South Wharf, an inner-city suburb of Melbourne, Australia. The venues are owned and operated by the Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Trust, the Melbourne Exhibition Centre Trust was created in August 1994 with the responsibility of overseeing the construction and development of the Melbourne Exhibition Centre. In August 1997, the Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Trust became owner, the Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Trust is responsible for managing and promoting the use of the Royal Exhibition Building in the Carlton Gardens. As a government-owned trust, The Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Trust is responsible to the Minister for Tourism, the Melbourne Exhibition Centre was opened on 14 February 1996 and is known colloquially as Jeffs Shed after the Victorian Premier, Jeff Kennett. In 1998 a covered footbridge was erected between the Exhibition and Convention centres, parallel to the Spencer Street Bridge, the building resembles a long shed with separated operable walls.
This allows the space to be split from a maximum of 30,000 square metres of 360 metres long by 84 metres wide into a minimum of 3,000 square metre spaces. The single volume with a proportion of length to width of approximately 2.5,1 was chosen, other than the exhibition space, the building has a basement that is able to hold 1,000 cars. From the main entrance, visitors would be able to see the 450 metres southward vista of the concourse as well as the mezzanine balconies. On the first floor of the pavilion and extending along the mezzanine platform, there are meeting and function rooms which separates the double-height hall. Some have large windows overlooking the exhibition, the Melbourne Exhibition Centre was to be built larger than the Sydney Exhibition Building while still costing the same. The site for the Exhibition Centre was previously the site for Daryl Jackson’s Museum of Victoria, the brief required DCM to work with the partially built concrete structure. Another relation to the Russian Constructivist is the cantilevered structure supported by yellow steel props as well as the metal letters arranged over the top of the entrance.
The building consists of two different roof designs which are angled at different directions and this was due to the intention to create two different successful spaces which is the exhibition space and the public space. By this method, the architects manage to create two different environments, one which is an exhibition space and another is the concourse which is open to the public. Due to the brief that required the building to be constructed in an amount of time and save cost. On top of that, the trusses have to be solid in order to provide isolation from one hall to the next. At the same time, in order to reduce the span, and to stiffen them laterally, the two rows of columns that are located in the verandah are intended to give a subtle separation of the interior and exterior of the building. The blades which are located along the concourse are coloured in a series of Francis-Bacon-inspired colours and this serves as a double purpose of punctuating the linear volume and labelling the halls
General Post Office, Melbourne
General Post Office, Melbourne is a former Post office situated on the corner of Elizabeth and Bourke Streets in Melbournes Central Business District. Originally serving as the General Post Office for Victoria, the building was redeveloped into a Shopping centre in 2004 and is considered an example of adaptive reuse. The location of the post office is used as a point of reference for the measure of distances from the centre of Melbourne. The General Post Office is historically significant as one of the foremost public buildings in Victoria and it facilitated postal communications and letter sorting in the early development of the Colony of Victoria, helping to continue links with Britain and Europe. The stairs and clock tower are city landmarks and have featured in meetings, protests. The building occupies the corner of the Elizabeth and Bourke Street intersection. The design overall expresses classical architecture due to its use of Doric columns in the first level, Ionic columns in the second, the initial building was designed by architect A. E.
In 1859 a design competition was held for a new General Post Office building, the competition was won by Crouch and Wilson, however the government of the time courted controversy by selecting the runner-up design to be constructed instead. Architect A. E Johnson designed the building became the General Post Office. The initial plan for the building consisted of two storeys and a modest tower, construction for this design was completed in 1867. The original plan called for the building to extend north to Little Bourke Street. Due to overcrowding of the building, Johnson designed a third storey. This work was supervised by Peter Kerr of the Public Works Department, a Mansard roof was constructed, giving the building much of its Second French Empire grandeur. The building was the venue for postal and telegraphic conferences in 1892 and 1897 ahead of Federation, in the years that followed the neo-renaissance style building became a great success and a city landmark. There were several proposals for changes and additions to the building.
In 1906-7 additions were made to the Elizabeth Street facade consisting of two storeys and a basement constructed by Swanson Bros, in September 2001 a fire severely damaged the interior of the building. Subsequently, the building was restored and remodelled in 2004, in part to the original look, the ceiling was repaired and a lighter shade of paint was chosen, imparting a feeling of light not present in the former design. The objective of the remodelling was to revitalise the precinct by linking its shops to public spaces and pathways, cafes currently populate the outer colonnade, while other boutique shops feature alongside the main tenant H&M
Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium
Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium is a Southern Ocean and Antarctic aquarium in central Melbourne, Australia. It is located on the banks of the Yarra River beside and under the Flinders Street Viaduct, the attraction is a Sea Life Centre owned by Merlin Entertainments. The current building was built between February 1998 and December 1999, the building was designed by Peddle Thorp architects to resemble a ship moored to the river, and opened in January 2000. The depth of the building however was designed not to be imposing at street level, at its centre is a world first 2,200, 000-litre oceanarium in the round where the spectators become the spectacle to the marine life swimming around them. Soon after opening, the building had a disease outbreak that resulted in 2 deaths. Those affected had visited the aquarium between 11 and 27 April 2000, a damages action was brought in May 2000, ending in February 2004. On November 28,2008 Melbourne Aquarium officially opened after a significant expansion, designed by Peddle Thorp, a new entrance was built on the corner of Flinders and King Streets.
The expansion features exhibits with king penguins and gentoo penguins, as well as many Antarctic fish, the exhibits feature real ice and snow to simulate Antarctic conditions, and take visitors on an expedition to Antarctica. The penguins were sourced from Kelly Tarltons Underwater World in New Zealand, in April 2013, Melbourne Aquariums owners, Merlin Entertainments, announced that they would be spending $8 million on the refurbishment of the facilities. As part of the process, the aquarium will be rebranded as a Sea Life Centre, the Aquarium currently has one grey nurse sharks and the program is looking at intra vitro fertilization as a method of breeding. Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium is home to the first-ever in-vitro fertilised shark in existence, the brown-banded bamboo shark pup was born on March 3,2014, ending a process which began in September when aquarists collected a semen sample from a shark in Mooloolaba in northeastern Australia. The aquarium is involved in the rehabilitation of turtles washed down to the cold Victorian waters where they cannot survive, the sea turtles are housed at the aquarium to gain strength, a which point they are taken north to Queensland to be released.
Melbourne Aquarium is one of the few worldwide to have bred the locally-endemic weedy seadragon in captivity. Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium formerly had a giant squid exhibit, which has moved to UnderWater World in Queensland. The Aquarium was home to fish, the Japanese spider crab, blood sucking leeches, horseshoe crabs, poisonous scorpions. Media related to Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Myer, is an up market Australian department store chain trading in all Australian states and one of Australias two self-governing territories. Myers primary department store rival is David Jones, Australian model, and Miss Universe 2004, Jennifer Hawkins, is the long-serving face of Myer. The department store engages a number of personalities as fashion ambassadors. Myers has long been Australias largest department store by revenue and store count and they opened the first Myer store in Bendigo, Victoria in 1900. After prospering, the store opened in 1908. In 1911, Myer purchased the business of Wright and Neil, Drapers, in Bourke Street, near the General Post Office, and a new building was completed and opened in 1914. From this base in Melbourne, Myer built Australias largest chain of department stores, Myer expanded to Lonsdale Street in the 1920s. The Myer Emporium grew with the purchase of the old established businesses of Robertson & Moffat, in 1925, Myer Emporium Ltd was listed on the Melbourne Stock Exchange and the new building on the Lonsdale Street frontage was begun.
By 1934, the company had a paid-up capital of nearly £2,500,000. The company was employing 5300 people with medical and nursing aid for the staff, on the death of Sidney Myer in 1934, leadership of the company fell to Elcon Myer, and on the death of Elcon in 1938, leadership went to their nephew Norman Myer. Norman Myer led the company until his death in 1956, in 1983, Grace Bros. bought Myer NSW, and in July of that year Myer acquired Grace Bros. Holdings Ltd. The Myer store on Market and Pitt Sts in Sydney became the main Grace Bros. store, in 1984, Myer acquired Boans Ltd, the dominant Western Australian department store chain and embarked on a major redevelopment of its Perth City Store. In 1985 the Myer Emporium merged with GJ Coles & Coy forming Coles Myer Limited, Myer remained a distinct entity within the new corporate structure until it was sold in 2006. In doing so, he ended up replicating the approach of another of Coles Myers chains, the resulting effect included reduced customer visits and reduced units sold per transaction.
In 2001, Coles Myer set about to reposition the store to appeal to customers lost in the down market experiment, larger city-centre stores would rank at the top of the grid and smaller regional stores would rank at the bottom of the grid. The grid would affect the merchandise allocated to store, rather than selling the same range of product in downtown Melbourne as in regional Queensland. On 13 February 2004, Grace Bros. stores were rebranded as Myer, in April 2004, Myer re-opened its Bondi Junction, New South Wales, store which replaced a former Grace Bros. store closed in April 2002 to make way for the redevelopment of Westfield Bondi Junction. It was the first Myer store to open in several years and incorporated new features such as white glossy floor tiles, extensive use of glass, and greater use of mannequins
Queen Victoria Village
Queen Victoria Village, generally known as QV Melbourne or just QV, is a precinct in the central business district of Melbourne, Australia. QV takes its name from the Queen Victoria Hospital, Melbourne which formerly occupied the site, a womens hospital opened on the site in 1946. The hospital was closed in 1987, and the site was valued at A$63 million in 1987 and it was eventually sold for merely $15 million to property developer David Marriner in 1992. All but three of the pavilions were demolished in the following year. Several options were proposed for the site, including a site for the new Melbourne Museum. One such design post modern architects Edmund & Corrigan included giant Egyptian inspired pyramids to tie the pavilions together into a single piece, carlton Gardens was instead the chosen site for the museum. During the early 1990s, the site was home to a series of failed ventures, including a market, mini golf course. Two of the three buildings remained standing in 1994 were demolished after requests for heritage protection were rejected by Planning Minister Rob Maclellan.3 million.
As the site continued to remain unused and abandoned in the centre of Melbournes business district. After Nauru struggled to pay for the empty block, it was returned to the Melbourne City Council in 1999, grocon was awarded the tender to develop a $600 million urban village on the site. The urban village of QV is a high-density, mixed use precinct containing retail and its different components were designed by several architects, Denton Corker Marshall, John Wardle, McBride Charles Ryan and KTA. The site is split into four main structures, named QV1 through QV4 and these new laneways are named for figures in medicine, Jane Bell Lane, Albert Coates Lane, Artemis Lane, and Red Cape Lane. At the centre of the site is a public square. QV began to open progressively from late 2003, and is now complete, the Queen Victoria Womens centre was officially opened in 1997 and refurbished in 2005. The Queen Victoria Women’s Centre offers four venue spaces in the setting in the heritage building. The venues hold celebratory events, workshops, board meetings, the building is home to a range of not for profit women’s organisations that offer a range of support and information services to women.
The skyscraper located on the corner of Lonsdale and Russell Streets houses offices of Telstra, GHD, sensis has its offices at QV, in the building at the corner of Lonsdale and Swanston Streets, and the building immediately north of this. These two buildings are linked by two bridges spanning Albert Coates Lane, there is a very diverse mix of retailers at QV
Block Arcade, Melbourne
The Block Arcade is a heritage shopping arcade in the central business district of Melbourne, Australia. Melbournes Golden Mile heritage walk runs through the arcade, the arcade proper is L-shaped, connecting Collins Street at the south end to Elizabeth Street on the west. The L shape is converted into a T through the junction on the side with Block Place. The Block Arcade is best known for its history, the Block Arcade was named number 4 in TripAdvisors Australias top 10 landmarks. The arcade which was erected between 1891 and 1893 was designed by architect David C, Askew whose brief was to produce something similar to the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele in Milan. The result was one of Melbournes most richly decorated interior spaces, replete with mosaic tiled flooring, glass canopy, wrought iron and carved stone finishings. The exterior façade of the six storey office has nearly identical facades on Collins, the arcade was formerly known as Carpenters Lane, the precinct was widely known as The Block.
Once the works were complete, local shopkeepers successfully petitioned to have it changed to its present name, the name came from men walking around the block one direction and women in the opposing direction, as a tradition before going to the Victorian Football League matches. It is a significant Victorian era arcade and is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register, along with Melbournes other main arcade, the Royal Arcade, and Melbournes lanes, it is a tourist icon of the city. On 1 June 1837, the first auction took place in Melbourne, the location of the land was on Collins and Elizabeth Street, purchased by William Briscoe & Son. The Briscoes Bulk Grain Store occupied this location from 1856 to 1883, the building was sold to the George Brothers, which would eventually become the first Georges Store in Melbourne. In the 1980s, the sold the Block to Time Corporation for AU$15 million. By 1991, Westpac took over the mortgage and sold the building to the Kearney in 1993, in 2014, the Cohen family purchased the Block Arcade.
The Cohen family have had ties with Melbourne which date back to the 1840s. The Cohens are passionate about the precinct, and continue to refurbish the Block Arcade to its glory with an eye for detail. At 6, 15pm on Friday 13 September 1889, a fire damaged most of the building, owned by Georges Store, the fire continued over a long period of time due to the fire brigades being owned by various insurance companies. This fire caused a change in the operations of the fire department, as a result of the Georges fire, the Metropolitan Fire Brigades was created. With the population growth within and around Melbourne, shopping centres became very popular, after the fire, City Property & Co Pty Ltd. commissioned the creation of a new arcade located in the heart of the city
Southbank is an inner urban neighbourhood of Melbourne, Australia,1 km south of Melbournes central business district. Its local government area are the Cities of Melbourne and Port Phillip, at the 2011 Census, Southbank had a population of 11,235. Its northernmost area is considered part of the Central Business District, Southbank is bordered to the north by the Yarra River, and to the east by St Kilda Road. Southbanks southern and western borders are bounded by Dorcas Street, Kings Way, Southbank was formerly an industrial area and part of South Melbourne. It was transformed into a populated district of high rise apartment and office buildings beginning in the early 1990s. With the exceptions of the precinct along St Kilda Road. Today, Southbank is dominated by high-rise development and it is one of the most densely populated areas of Melbourne, with a large cluster of apartment towers, including Australias tallest tower measured to its highest floor, the Eureka Tower. Southbank Promenade and Southgate Restaurant and Shopping Precinct, on the bank of the Yarra River.
Southgates landmark Ophelia sculpture by Deborah Halpern has been used to represent Melbourne in tourism campaigns, before European settlement, the area now called South Melbourne was a series of low lying swamps inhabited by Aboriginal tribes. The Arts Centre precinct opened in the 1980s on former parkland, the area was the subject of urban renewal in the 1980s and early 1990s. In part, this was aimed at stimulating development in a period when Melbourne was experiencing an economic downturn during the global recession on 1991–92. Denton Corker Marshall designed and oversaw the original Southbank Promenade in 1990, at the eastern end of the area is the Victorian Arts Centre. Since then, the pylon underneath the award winning Southbank Pedestrian Bridge has been utilised and is now home to Ponyfish Island, further buildings including the Esso headquarters were built between 1992 and 1995. Development expanded along the Yarra westward, with the Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre in 1996 and Crown Casino in 1997, Clarendon Towers attracted the owner occupiers.
Beginning with Southbank Towers in 1997, Central Equity began a swathe of apartment towers, in 2002 the neighbouring Yarras Edge precinct of the new Melbourne Docklands began to kick off. The arts precinct was extended with the construction of the award winning buildings for the Australian Centre for Contemporary Art in 2002, at around the same time a new headquarters for the State Emergency Service was built. Central Equity apartments are aimed at both the owner occupier and rental market with management provided by Melbourne Inner City Management, an owned subsidiary of Central Equity. With a boom in apartment building and the success of the Melburnian, the 91 floor Eureka Tower was begun in 2002, aimed at being the tallest residential tower in the world and was completed in 2006
Collins Street, Melbourne
Collins Street is a major street in the centre of Melbourne, Victoria in Australia. It is known for its grand Victorian architecture, prestigious boutiques, as laid out by the surveyor Robert Hoddle, it was exactly one mile in length and one and half chains wide. He subsequently became the first governor of the colony of Van Diemens Land, to become the state of Tasmania. At the western end of the street was Batmans Hill, named for the Tasmanian adventurer and grazier John Batman, who built a house at the base in April 1836, where he lived until his death in 1839. The first major improvements were carried out in the mid-1850s, including bluestone curbs and gutters. The first street trees were elms, planted in 1875, a cable tram line was laid in 1886 and was operational until 1930 when it was electrified. Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the top end of Collins Street was dominated by the rooms of medical professionals, the prestigious Melbourne Club was a dominant cultural presence after its founding in 1838.
Collins Street was the location of Grosvenor Chambers which was Australias first custom designed studio complex, while some examples of boom style architecture survive, the grandest examples were lost to the wreckers ball. Many of the destroyed in this era were documented by architectural photographer Mark Strizic. One of the most popular public art statues in Melbourne, Larry La Trobe created by artist Pamela Irving and it has since been extended further west to create an intersection between Bourke Street and Collins Streets, two of Melbournes most important streets. As Melbournes commercial and former shopping centre, Collins Street possesses some of Melbournes best examples of Victorian architecture, large churches include the Collins Street Baptist Church, the St Michaels Uniting Church and the Scots Presbyterian Church. Towards the financial end are some examples of high Victorian gothic architecture or Cathedrals of Commerce. The old Commonwealth Bank of Australia Banking domed Chamber exists within the post modern 333 Collins Street tower and it was designed by Lloyd Tayler and Alfred Dunn and built in 1891.
The Bank of New South Wales Melbourne building, completed in 1857, when the building was demolished in 1935, the facade was transplanted to the University of Melbourne in Parkville to become the Commerce Building. It is now retained on the facade of the new building being constructed for the Faculty of Architecture, major shopping centres include Collins Place, Block Arcade, Georges on Collins, St. Collins Lane, Collins 234, and Centreway. Two theatres, the Athenaeum and Regent theatres, are located on Collins Street. These theatres host Australian and international productions and live throughout the year. The Melbourne Club, a private social club estbablished in the 19th century is located in renaissance revival style buildings designed by Leonard Terry
Supreme Court of Victoria
The Supreme Court of Victoria is the superior court for the State of Victoria, Australia. It was founded in 1852, and is a court of common law and equity. Those courts lying below it include the County Court of Victoria, the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal, which is not a court, serves a judicial function. Above it lies the High Court of Australia and this places it around the middle of the Australian court hierarchy. The building itself is on the Victorian Heritage Register, the Law Courts, 192-228 William Street, are part of a complex of buildings which together with the Supreme Court Library and Court of Appeal are known as the Melbourne Law Courts. Architects AL Smith and AE Johnson won a competition for their design, the competition created a scandal because one of the partners, was on the judging panel. Johnson resigned from the Public Works Department and joined Smith in a long, J J Clark and P Kerr undertook the detail drawings for the Public Works Department, which supervised the works.
Erected in 1874-84, the Law Courts comprise two storeys constructed of brick on Malmsbury bluestone footings and faced with Tasmanian freestone, the first court sitting was held in February 1884. In plan the Law Courts comprise a square block of each street facades measuring 85 metres. The design is reputed to be based on the design of James Gandons Four Courts building in Dublin, following a suggestion to Smith, one court occupies each of the four corners of the square, and the remaining four courts occupy the lateral north and south wings. The remaining areas occupied by offices and Judges Chambers, all enclosing a circular courtyard. A covered carriageway leads from Lonsdale Street to the central courtyard, in the courtyard sits the Supreme Court Library. Stylistically the design draws on the classicism of the Renaissance, the three floors appropriate to the Renaissance palazzo form of a base, piano nobile and attic storey. The recessed central bay to the William Street facade is treated as an open arcade of Ionic.
Some severity is lent to the building by the use of blind windows. A variety of treatments are applied to the openings and aedicules, variously being round arched. The Law Courts design included provision for a heating and ventilation system. These buildings known collectively as the Melbourne Law Courts comprise a complex of two story brick constructions, resting on a Malmbury bluestone and Tasmanian freestone base, the combination stone base is acknowledged for the expert masonry craftsmanship used in its construction
South Wharf, Victoria
South Wharf is an inner suburb of Melbourne, Australia,2 km south-west of Melbournes Central Business District. Its local government areas are the Cities of Melbourne and Port Phillip, at the 2011 Census, South Wharf had a population of 66. South Wharf is a inner suburb south west from Melbournes CBD. Gazetted in 2008 and formerly part of the industrial and shipping area of Southbank, South Wharf includes some of Melbournes landmarks, including the Melbourne Exhibition and Convention Centre and the Melbourne Maritime Museum, with its heritage Polly Woodside. South Wharf is home to apartments, shopping outlet Direct Factory Outlets. A five-storey Victorian warehouse, known as the Tea House, built in 1888, is one of the few buildings survived the redevelopment of the area. South Wharf website South Wharf Association
Parliament House, Melbourne
Parliament House, Melbourne was constructed between 1855 and 1929 and is located on Spring Street in East Melbourne, Victoria. It has served as both the seat of the Parliament of Victoria and as the seat of the Federal Parliament of Australia, the building is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register and celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2005–6. The Victorian gold rush and population boom led calls for greater democracy, prior to the Colony of Victoria acquiring self-government in 1851, Governor Charles La Trobe instructed Surveyor General Robert Hoddle to select a site for the colonys new parliament to meet. Hoddle selected a site on the hill at the top of Bourke Street. It was not until April 1854 that Eastern Hill, the current Spring Street site, was agreed to due to ongoing disagreements over the best location. A competition was held to design the new building and John Knights design won the first prize of £500, the Colonial Engineer Charles Pasley subsequently produced his own design.
Observers have suggested that his design borrowed heavily from Leeds Town Hall, the design was modified by an architect in Pasleys office, Peter Kerr. The building is an example of Neoclassical architecture, construction began in December 1855 and was managed by the original competition designer John Knight, who happened to be on Pasleys staff. The chambers for the Victorian Legislative Assembly and the Victorian Legislative Council were finished in 1856, the building opened and the Victorian Government first sat there in 1856. Parliament House was extended, in stages, to the present state between 1856 and 1929, construction of the Library and eastern wing began in 1858 and was completed in 1860. With the library complete, the two chambers were joined at the rear, resulting in a U-shaped building. The classical architectural detail of the east facade were noted as the first expression of Peter Kerrs vision for the building, no further construction took place for 18 years, however the first set of electrical bells used to call members to divisions were installed circa 1877.
In 1878 a Royal Commission was formed to oversee continued construction and it tabled several changes, including the addition of a large dome, the appointment of Peter Kerr as leading architect and a resumption of construction. Subsequently, the Great Hall and vestibule were completed in 1879, queens Hall was used for formal receptions and banquets, while the Vestibule offered a formal entry to Parliament House. After completion of the vestibule a dome was to be added, although eventually approved to support the dome in 1882, the assessment delayed construction and the dome was eventually abandoned. At the height of the great boom fuelled by the rush, it was decided to add a classical colonnade and portico facing Spring St. The western facade and colonnade were completed in 1888, the north wing was completed in 1893 and refreshment rooms at the back of the building were added in 1929. During these years the Victorian Parliament met in the Royal Exhibition Building in Carlton, the building resumed its original use as the Victorian Parliament chambers in 1928