Springside (Poughkeepsie, New York)
Springside was the estate of Matthew Vassar in Poughkeepsie, New York, United States. It is located on Academy Street just off US9, detailed plans for a landscape and complex of farm buildings were drawn up by the influential Andrew Jackson Downing prior to his death. The landscaping was completed and remains Downings only surviving work, but only a few of the buildings were built and most have since been lost to fire. A cottage where Vassar resided, Downings only known surviving building, had to be dismantled and removed in the mid-1970s and its facade is on display in the New York State Museum. Downings landscape, in the English Landscape Garden style, has survived several serious efforts to redevelop the property in the last half-century due to opposition from local preservationists, springsides development took up much of the last two years of Downings life, and the latter years of Vassars. The unfinished estate was maintained and developed by other families for a century afterward. Their descendants were more amenable to selling the land for development in the years afterward, the Springside property was the Allen farm, first a family farm, an ornamental farm of roughly 45 acres, twice its current size.
It takes its name from a spring on the property and it was considered as a site for a cemetery by the then-village of Poughkeepsie in 1848. By 1851, Downing, in collaboration with his associate Calvert Vaux, the next year, the city of Poughkeepsie chose another site for the cemetery, ending that possibility. Downings death in a boiler explosion the following year did not halt development, as Vassar. At least two of Downings planned structures, a barn and a cottage, were built. However, the villa that was to be the main house of the estate. As Springside continued to grow and develop, Vassar regularly opened the lands to the public until he retired to it full-time in 1867 and it became a popular place to visit and inspired poetry and songs. One visitor, Russell Comstock, wrote, We took a stroll over the ground of M. Vassar, Esq. after Vassars death, the lands were divided among several other local families, who continued to work the landscape. Judge Homer Nelson, New Yorks Secretary of State, bought the southern half of the property and he lived elsewhere while a boardinghouse operated on the site.
The northern half was purchased by local shoe manufacturer John Whitehouse and it passed to his son-in-law Eugene Howell upon his death, who kept up the landscape, at one point using it as a golf course, despite the failure of the shoe factory in 1891. Nelson, the founder of the Red Ball Line shipping company and he bequeathed it to his wife, and she in turn passed it on to their children. The two daughters and son kept the property in the family and lived in various of its buildings, gerald Nelson moved his family into the Hudson Knolls mansion, which Homer Nelsons widow had built anew in 1911 after the former boardinghouse had succumbed to a fire three years previously
Edsel and Eleanor Ford House
The house became the new residence of the Edsel and Eleanor Ford family in 1929. Edsel Ford was the son of Henry Ford and an executive at Ford Motor Company, the estates buildings were designed by architect Albert Kahn, its site plan and gardens by renowned landscape designer Jens Jensen. The property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979, the Fords traveled to England with Albert Kahn for the concepts ideas, where they were attracted to the vernacular architecture of the Cotswolds. They asked Kahn to design a house that would resemble the closely assembled village cottages typical of that rural region. Kahns design included sandstone exterior walls, a slate roof with the stone shingles decreasing in size as they reach its peak. Construction on the began in 1926. The Gallery, the largest room in the house, is paneled with sixteenth-century oak linenfold relief carved wood panelling, fourteenth century stained-glass window medallions were added to the house in the late 1930s.
Robersons barrel-vaulted ceiling for the Gallery was modeled on one at Boughton Malherbe, Kent and doors in the Dining Room, entirely devoid of electricity, came from New Place, a victim of early twentieth-century expansion in Upminster, a new suburb of London. The Librarys paneling and its stone chimneypiece came from the Brudenell seat, Deene Park, harris suggests that this already once removed paneling had come from another Brudenell seat. The Study has an overmantel with the date 1585, from Heronden Hall, in Tenterden. Teague’s first floor “Modern Room” features the new indirect lighting method, taupe colored leather wall panels, and he designed bedrooms and sitting rooms for all three of Edsel and Eleanor’s sons. Teague’s design for son Henry Ford II’s bathroom includes grey glass walls made of the structural glass as its shower stall. The house featured an art collection, reflecting Edsel and Eleanor’s status as serious museum benefactors. After Eleanor Ford’s death, many important paintings were donated to the Detroit Institute of Arts, reproductions were hung in their place.
The classical French-style Drawing Room features two original Paul Cézanne paintings and reproductions of Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Edgar Degas works, a reproduction of Vincent van Goghs The Postman Roulin hangs in the Morning Room. An original Diego Rivera painting, Cactus on the Plains, hangs in the Modern Room, Mrs. Ford wanted to have a rose garden installed but Jensen originally disapproved of this claiming that it would ruin the landscape which was designed to look completely natural. Jensen had previously quit on Henry Ford and Clara Ford, when Clara wanted to install a rose garden directly in the center of the meadow at the Henry Ford Estate. Eleanor and Jensen eventually came to a compromise and the garden was placed behind some native bushes which was out of sight of the meadow that is the focal piece of the front lawn
Fletcher Steele was an American landscape architect credited with designing and creating over 700 gardens from 1915 to the time of his death. In 1908 Steele left Harvard to accept an apprenticeship with Warren H. Manning, in 1913 Steele embarked on a four-month tour of Europe to study European designs. Upon his return to America, he opened his own practice, during World War I, Steele served in the American Red Cross in Europe. After wars end he returned in summers. By 1930 Steele was writing with enthusiasm of André Vera, Tony Garnier, Steeles designs and writings of this period were influential during the stylistic transition from Art Deco to Modernism. He helped shape Modernism through younger design students at Harvard, notably Dan Kiley, Garrett Eckbo, rose, to who Steele showed the possibilities of modern art and the creativity inherent within the design process. Kiley wrote that Steele was the only good designer working during the twenties and thirties, Eckbo noted that Fletcher Steele was the transitional figure between the old guard and the moderns.
He interests me because he was an experimenter, Steeles own designs, were sufficiently removed from the Modern style so that his works were generally out of fashion until the modern era had passed. Steele is interred in the Mount Hope Cemetery in Rochester, New York. Images from the Steele manuscript collection can be found in the SUNY D-Space digital repository. Steele is noted for a number of works including Naumkeag, Peters Reservation, Ancrum House, Whitney Allen House, Standish Backus House, Turner House. His most famous work by far is Naumkeag and these projects were not all viewed with high regard at the time, and only relatively recently have historians begun to appreciate Steeles impact on garden design and landscape architecture. Design in the garden, The Atlantic Monthly Press,1924. Gardens and people, Houghton Mifflin,1964, robin Karson, Fletcher Steele, Landscape Architect, An Account of the Gardenmakers Life, 1885-1971, Timber Press,1989. Robin Karson, Fletcher Steele, Landscape Architect, An Account of the Gardenmakers Life, 1885-1971, Library of American Landscape History, Distributed by University of Massachusetts Press, c2003
Cerritos Millennium Library
The Cerritos Library, the New Cerritos Library, or the Cerritos Public Library is the civic library for the City of Cerritos, California. It was rededicated on March 16,2002, with the new moniker and it was the first building to feature an exterior clad with titanium panels in the United States. It boasts to be the first Experience Library and focuses on themed spaces, high quality artwork, during Cerritos period of rapid growth in the 1970s, a series of high-profile developments, including a new library, was planned. Debate whether or not to join the County of Los Angeles Public Library system, in the end, with the help of various associations such as the Friends of the Cerritos Library and the then-city manager, the city decided to build its own municipal library. On the corner of Bloomfield and 183rd Street, on the site of a strawberry field. The site was designed by local contractor AJ Padelford & Son using blueprints from architect Maurice Fleishman, the Cerritos Library at the time was 18,000 square feet and housed 45,000 books as well as the latest technology.
In addition, the had a childrens area, theater. Three years later, Cerritos joined the Metropolitan Cooperative Library System, giving access to more than 3 million items at 26 member libraries. From the beginning, the schedule was popular. By 1986, the Cerritos economy was thriving and the city earmarked $6.6 million to remodel the 13-year-old building that would add another 21,000 square feet to the area. The childrens area was tripled to 7,000 square feet to include an arts and crafts area a medieval mural, a community room for meetings and receptions was added as well as a new wing that housed reference, study space, and lounge seating. New furnishings, etched glass, and marble counters were added, the 1986 Cerritos Library won a national award of excellence, the highest honor, by the American Institute of Architecture and the American Library Association. By this time, 65% of Cerritos residents used the library and borrowed half a million books, the 1986 expansion resulted in a 40% growth in the number of patrons and a 33% boost in the number of materials circulated.
In the spring of 2000, the half the Cerritos Library was torn down to make way for the new Cerritos Millennium Library. Prior to the new construction and computer stations were inundated with people waiting in line to use some of the materials, books were constantly being shelved and programs were very popular. Many cities around the world made plans to commemorate the new millennium, designed by Charles Walton Associates and built by CW Driver Contractors of Los Angeles, the $40 million library took shape and was completed in 2002. The Cerritos Library is the result of a reevaluation of library services. The book, The Experience Economy, served as an inspiration for city planning, the city studied the work of futurists in order to learn information on cutting-edge library services, including interactive learning
Biltmore Estate is a large private estate and tourist attraction near Asheville, North Carolina. Still owned by George Vanderbilts descendants, it today as one of the most prominent remaining examples of the Gilded Age. Vanderbilt named his estate Biltmore derived from Bildt, Vanderbilts ancestors place of origin in Holland, a portion of the estate was once the African-American community of Shiloh. Construction of the began in 1889 and continued well into 1896. Construction on the house required the labor of well over 1,000 workers and 60 stonemasons. Vanderbilt went on buying trips overseas as construction on the house was in progress. Among the few American-made items were the more practical oak drop-front desk, rocking chairs, a grand piano, bronze candlesticks. George Vanderbilt opened his opulent estate on Christmas Eve 1895 to invited family and friends from across the country, who were encouraged to enjoy leisure and country pursuits. George married Edith Stuyvesant Dresser in 1898 in Paris, their child, Cornelia Stuyvesant Vanderbilt, was born at Biltmore in the Louis XV room in 1900.
Overwhelmed with running such an estate, Edith began consolidating her interests and sold Biltmore Estate Industries in 1917. Edith intermittently occupied the house, living in an apartment carved out of the former Bachelors Wing, the Cecils went on to have two sons who were born in the same room as their mother. The Music Room on the first floor was never finished, so it was used for storage until 1944, among the works stored were the Gilbert Stuart portrait of George Washington and works by Rembrandt and Anthony van Dyck. David Finley, the director, was a friend of Edith Vanderbilt and had stayed at the estate. After the divorce of the Cecils in 1934, Cornelia left the estate never to return and their eldest son George Henry Vanderbilt Cecil, occupied rooms in the wing until 1956. At this point Biltmore House ceased to be a residence and has continued to be operated as a historic house museum. Younger son William A. V. Cecil, Sr. returned to the estate in 1960 and joined his brother to manage the estate and make it a profitable and self-sustaining enterprise like his grandfather envisioned.
He eventually inherited the estate upon the death of his mother, Cornelia, in 1976, while his brother, George, in 1995, while celebrating the 100th anniversary of the estate, Cecil turned over control of the company to his son, William A. V. The estate was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1963, Hunt sited the four-story Indiana limestone-built home to face east with a 375-foot facade to fit into the mountainous topography behind
Old Westbury Gardens
Old Westbury Gardens is the former estate of John Shaffer Phipps, heir to a U. S. Steel fortune, in Nassau County, New York. Located at 71 Old Westbury Road in Old Westbury, the property was converted into a home in 1959 and is open for tours April through October for a fee. Work on the began in 1903, when John Shaffer Phipps promised his British fiancée Margarita he would build her a home in the United States that resembled her family estate in Battle Abbey. The estate was ready for Phipps, his wife and their children in 1906, Westbury House, the Charles II-style mansion designed by George A. Crawley, contains 23 rooms. The painting Mrs. Henry Phipps and Her Grandson Winston by John Singer Sargent hangs in the dining room, Winston Churchill was the childs godfather. It has been open to the public for tours since 1959 and it is open to the public daily except Tuesdays from late April through October. Scenes of the driveway and some of the ground floor interiors were used in the 1970 film Love Story to depict the home of Oliver Barrett IV.
Scenes from the television series Royal Pains and Gossip Girl used the location in filming and it served as the inspiration for the Buchanan Estate featured in Baz Luhrmanns 2013 film adaption of The Great Gatsby by his wife and production designer Catherine Martin. Media related to Old Westbury Gardens at Wikimedia Commons Official Site Pictures of Westbury House & Old Westbury Gardens Dobrin, Old Westbury Gardens — Long Island, New York. Flower & Garden Magazine Westbury House, Old Westbury, NY sample page in a coffee-table book
Harold Lloyd Estate
The Harold Lloyd Estate, known as Greenacres, is a large mansion and landscaped estate located in the Benedict Canyon section of Beverly Hills, California. Built in the late 1920s by silent film star Harold Lloyd, the estate originally consisted of a 44-room mansion, golf course, and 900-foot canoe run on 15 acres. Greenacres has been called the most impressive movie stars estate ever created, in 1923, Lloyd purchased a historic home site from P. E. Benedict at the mouth of Benedict Canyon in Beverly Hills, the land had been owned by the Benedict family for more than sixty years and was close to the spot where Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks had built their famed Pickfair estate. In 1925, Lloyd hired architect Sumner Spaulding of the firm Webber, Staunton & Spaulding, after an introduction by landscape architect A. E. Hanson, Lloyd hired Hanson to landscape the 15-acre grounds. The final plans for the house were not completed until July 1927, the home was designed in the Italian Renaissance Mediterranean Revival style, modeled after the Villa Palmieri near Florence.
Construction of the began in July 1927 and was completed in 1928. The 44-room,45, 000-square-foot house and estate was said to have cost $2 million, a. E. Hanson, Lloyds landscape architect, transformed the 15-acre site with the Villa Lante and Villa Medici as inspiration in Mediterranean Revival and Spanish Revival style motifs. The Los Angeles Times published an illustrated article describing it as a gorgeous fairyland playground. The elaborated design of the landscape and gardens included the following elements. A 900-foot canoe stream stocked with trout and bass, and a 100-foot waterfall that plummeted into the canoe stream, the largest swimming pool in Southern California, measuring 50 feet by 150 feet, and said to be one of the finest swimming pools in the west. The technology of filtering water and adding chlorine for swimming pools was very new at the time of construction, Lloyd famously photographed Marilyn Monroe several times at this pool. Numerous gardens, including tropical forests, sunken gardens, formal gardens, rose gardens, Italian gardens.
Stables for horses and sheep, and a farm for the estates fruits and vegetables. An open-air theater and dancing pavilion, two film vaults within the grounds to store original copies of Lloyds works and negatives. Tennis courts, a bowling green, and a handball court. An automobile entrance court designed as a 120-foot square, surrounded on two sides by a cloister. The landscaping project was so large that 3,500 tons of sandstone were taken from quarries in Chatsworth and trucked to the site for use in building the steps and waterfalls
Fort Worth Water Gardens
The Fort Worth Water Gardens, built in 1974, is located on the south end of downtown Fort Worth between Houston and Commerce Streets next to the Fort Worth Convention Center. The 4.3 acre Water Gardens were designed by noted New York architects Philip Johnson, the urban park is frequently billed as a cooling oasis in the concrete jungle of downtown. Its focal points are three pools of water and a knoll, which helps to shield the park from the rest of the City. Interstate 30 was relocated from its former site immediately adjacent to the Water Gardens, the park now sits adjacent to Lancaster Avenue, recently landscaped and prepared for redevelopment. The quiet, blue meditation pool is encircled with cypress trees, the sound of the water on the walls evokes thoughts of a gentle rain shower. The aerating pool features multiple illuminated spray fountains under a canopy of oak trees. The main attraction of the Water Gardens is the pool which has water cascading 38 feet down terraces. The active pool experience was built for people to walk down the steps and experience the power, sounds.
It was temporarily closed to the public after four people died there on June 16,2004, three children and one adult drowned after one of the children fell in the pool. The water was unusually deep due to a recirculating pump malfunction, the park was reopened on March 4,2007 after being made safer by reducing the depth of the main pool from 9 ft to 2 ft. Part of the film Logans Run was filmed in the pool at the Water Gardens in July 1975. The pool is featured briefly at the end of the 1979 TV adaptation of The Lathe of Heaven, history of fountains in the United States Water Gardens Page - Fort Worth Convention and Visitors Bureau Fort Worth Water Gardens architecture
Colonial Revival garden
A Colonial Revival garden is a garden design intended to evoke the garden design typical of the Colonial period of the United States. The Colonial Revival garden is typified by simple rectilinear beds, straight pathways through the garden, and perennial plants from the fruit, ornamental flower, the garden is usually enclosed, often by low walls, fences, or hedges. The Colonial Revival gardening movement was an important development in the movement in the United States. Because of the overwhelmingly strong British influence in colonial America, the garden generally refers to the most common type of garden found in the 13 British colonies. Colonial-era gardens in the colonies often exhibited the same design as those in the north. Gardens of the wealthy, often employed newer gardening ideas, Colonial gardens tended to be small and close to the house. A straight walkway generally extended on an equal with the entrance to the house through the center of the garden. Perpendicular straight paths often extended from this central path, planting beds were usually square or rectangular although circular beds were seen.
In almost all cases, beds were raised to good drainage. Beds could sometimes be bordered with low-growing, neat plants such as chive or pinks, in areas with a Spanish influence, orchards generally were attached to the garden. The paths in the Colonial American garden were generally of brick, brick was more commonly used in the south, however. Enclosure of the garden was common, often with boxwood hedges or wooden fences, picket fences were common, but boxwood was usually used only in the south and in the colonial period. Plantings in colonial gardens were not separated by type. Fruits, ornamental flowers, and vegetables were usually mixed together in the planting bed. Ornamental flowers were often closer to the house, however. Fruit trees would sometimes line paths, to shade and produce. Fruit trees would be planted along the border of the garden. Ornamental shrubs were rare, but could include azalea, lilac, a stand-alone herb garden was uncommon in the United States
Lord & Burnham
Lord & Burnham was a noted American boiler and greenhouse manufacturer, and builders of major public conservatories in the United States. The company began in 1849 when Frederick A. Lord, a carpenter, started building wood and glass greenhouses for neighbors in Buffalo, New York. It became Lords full-time profession in 1856 as production moved to Syracuse, New York and to Irvington, in 1872 Lords son-in-law William Addison Burnham joined the firm. Their first major commission came in the 1876 when California philanthropist James Lick hired the firm to create a 12 and its parts were fabricated in New York and sailed to California. After Licks death, it became the Golden Gate Park Conservatory of Flowers, in 1881 the firm constructed the first steel-framed curvilinear greenhouse in the United States for railroad magnate Jay Gould, on a property now open as Lyndhurst. In 1883 the partnership incorporated as Lords Horticultural Manufacturing Company, beginning in 1894, the company purchased underwater property beyond the tracks and began filling in to create new land for an expansion.
The expansion complex was completed by 1912, at time the company employed 250 men. The company used the property as additional space in the production process of their greenhouses. By 1988, only about a dozen employees remained at the Irvington factory, Lord & Burnhams product line was acquired in 1989 by the Under Glass Manufacturing Co. which continues to manufacture Lord & Burnham greenhouses and solariums. Lord & Burnhams historical records are archived at the New York Botanical Garden, the companys early greenhouses were made of cypress and iron or steel. Although experimentation with aluminum began in 1932 with the United States Botanic Garden, commercial production was not economical until 1955. com, Crystal Palaces — article on Lord & Burnham
Nemours Mansion and Gardens
The Nemours Mansion and Gardens is a 300-acre country estate with jardin à la française formal gardens and a classical French mansion in Wilmington, Delaware. Built to resemble a château, its 105 rooms on five floors occupying nearly 47,000 sq ft and it shares the grounds with the Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, both owned by the Nemours Foundation at 1600 Rockland Road. The estate is part of the DuPont legacy and is located on the DuPont Historic Corridor, the architecture is of the Louis XVI-Rococo style of French architecture. The mansion contains rare French 18th-century furniture and a collection of notable antiques, works of art. Artworks range from 16th-century religious works to paintings by the European masters to early works by Americans Frederic Remington, of particular interest is a rare Louis XVI musical clock, circa 1785, by David Roentgen and Peter Kinzing, which plays four tunes on a dulcimer and pipe organ. The estate has the most developed and largest jardin à la française -style landscape park, the design is patterned after the gardens of Versailles surrounding the Petit Trianon at the Château de Versailles.
Their central axis extends ⅓ of a mile from the mansion facade, the grounds are beautifully landscaped with plantings, pools, a carillon tower, and a pavilion surrounded by naturalized woodlands. The named features include, The Boxwood Garden – French parterre garden with boxwood edging, the Colonnade – memorial to Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours and his son Eleuthère Irénée du Pont, designed by Thomas Hastings. The Reflecting Pool –40 feet in diameter, with 157 jets, backed by Japanese cryptomeria, pink flowering horse chestnut, the Sunken Gardens – designed by Alfred Victor du Pont and Gabriel Masséna. Features large lake, and 1930 statue by Charles-Marie Sarrabezolles, the Temple of Love – in classical style, with life-sized statue of Diana by Jean-Antoine Houdon. The Nemours mansion and gardens reopened its gates on May 1,2008, after closing in 2005 for a 3-year, $39 million renovation. Delaware Attorney General Beau Biden objected to the Nemours Mansion and Garden prohibiting access by children under 12 and limiting total visitors to 48 per tour on the 222-acre property.
Du Pont Estate, Junction of State Route 141 & Rockland Road, Wilmington vicinity, New Castle County, DE,12 photos,30 data pages,2 photo caption pages HABS No. Du Pont Estate, Blue Ball Dairy Barn, Junction of U. S. Route 202 & Rockland Road, Wilmington vicinity, New Castle County, DE,20 photos,34 data pages,6 photo caption pages