This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total.
Pages in category "Luck"
The following 41 pages are in this category, out of 41 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total.
The following 41 pages are in this category, out of 41 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Luck – Yet the author Max Gunther defines it as events that influence ones life and are seemingly beyond ones control. It is the sense that people mean when they say they do not believe in luck. In the descriptive sense, people speak of luck after events that they find to be fortunate or unfortunate, Therefore, cultural views of luck vary from perceiving luck as a matter of random chance to attributing to such explanations of faith or superstition. For example, the Romans believed in the embodiment of luck as the goddess Fortuna, Carl Jung viewed luck as synchronicity, which he described as a meaningful coincidence. Lucky symbols are popular worldwide and take many forms, the English noun luck appears comparatively late, during the 1480s, as a loan from Low German luk, a short form of gelucke. Compare to old Slavic word lukyj - appointed by destiny and old Russian luchaj - destiny and it likely entered English as a gambling term, and the context of gambling remains detectable in the words connotations, luck is a way of understanding a personal chance event. Luck has three aspects which make it distinct from chance or probability, Luck can be accident or chance. Luck applies to a sentient being, some examples of luck, Finding a valuable object or money. Winning an event despite negative logical assumptions and you correctly guess an answer in a quiz which you did not know. Luck is interpreted and understood in different ways. Luck refers to that which happens to a person beyond that persons control and this view incorporates phenomena that are chance happenings, a persons place of birth for example, but where there is no uncertainty involved, or where the uncertainty is irrelevant. Within this framework, one can differentiate between three different types of luck, Constitutional luck, that is, luck with factors that cannot be changed, place of birth and genetic constitution are typical examples. Circumstantial luck—with factors that are brought on. Accidents and epidemics are typical examples, ignorance luck, that is, luck with factors one does not know about. Examples can be identified only in hindsight, another view holds that luck is probability taken personally. A rationalist approach to luck includes the application of the rules of probability, the rationalist thinks that the belief in luck is a result of poor reasoning or wishful thinking. In general, A happens and then B happens, Therefore, in the rationalist perspective, probability is only affected by confirmed causal connections. The gamblers fallacy and inverse gamblers fallacy both explain some reasoning problems in common beliefs in luck and they involve denying the unpredictability of random events, I havent rolled a seven all week, so Ill definitely roll one tonight
2. Barnstar – They have no structural purpose, but may be considered lucky, akin to a horseshoe mounted over a doorway. They are especially common in Pennsylvania and frequently seen in German-American farming communities, Barnstars were meant to represent the mark of the builder, but became more frequently used for aesthetic purposes and were added to the building after construction was complete. Enthusiasts have traced a number of wooden barnstars to individual builders in the Pennsylvania area, Barnstars were used in the United States during the 18th century and as late as 1870 in Pennsylvania, where their popularity increased greatly following the Civil War. Their regular use preceded that time, however, and stars were commonplace on large buildings, particularly factories, in pre-war Richmond, Barnstars remain a popular form of decoration, and modern houses are sometimes decorated with simple, metal, five-pointed stars which the makers describe as barn-stars. They are often deliberately distressed or rusted, alluding to the traditional decoration, strictly speaking, they are defined apart from barnstars and visually bear only passing resemblance, but the two are often confused and their names are even regarded as interchangeable. Some hex signs incorporate star shapes, while others may take the form of a rosette or contain pictures of birds, the term barnstar has been incorrectly applied to star-shaped anchor plates that are used for structural reinforcement, particularly on masonry buildings from the 18th and 19th centuries. These are made of cast iron and are used as tie plates serving as the washers for tie rods, the tie-rod-and-plate assembly serves to brace the masonry wall against tilting or lateral bowing. Some Wiki-based communities give their users an award called a barnstar, the practice originated on MeatballWiki and was adapted by Wikipedia in 2003. The image that is used for this purpose is actually a photo of one of the structural tie plates described above. Barnstars Pentagram Hex sign Pow-wow, Pennsylvania Dutch folk magic Star Wikipedia, Barnstars The dictionary definition of barnstar at Wiktionary
3. Black cat – A black cat is a domestic cat with black fur that may be a mixed or specific breed. The Cat Fanciers Association recognizes 22 cat breeds that can come with black coats. The Bombay breed is exclusively black, all-black fur pigmentation is slightly more prevalent in male cats than female cats. Their high melanin pigment content causes most black cats to have yellow eyes, any cat whose fur is a single color, including black, is known as a solid or self. A solid black cat may be black, grayish black. Most solid-colored cats result from a gene that suppresses the tabby pattern. Sometimes the tabby pattern is not completely suppressed, faint markings may appear in certain lights, a cat having black fur with white roots is known as a black smoke. Black cats can also rust in sunlight, the coat turning a lighter brownish shade, in addition to the Bombay, the Cat Fanciers Association allows solid black as a color option in 21 other breeds. The color description for those breeds is, Black, dense coal black, free from any tinge of rust on the tips. The exceptions are, Oriental – Ebony, dense coal black, free from any tinge of rust on tips or smoke undercoat. One level tone from nose to tip of tail, the folklore surrounding black cats varies from culture to culture. The Scots believe that a strange black cats arrival to the home signifies prosperity, in Celtic mythology, a fairy known as the Cat Sìth takes the form of a black cat. Black cats are considered good luck in the rest of Britain. Furthermore, it is believed that a lady who owns a cat will have many suitors. In Western history, black cats have often looked upon as a symbol of evil omens, specifically being suspected of being the familiars of witches. Most of Europe considers the cat a symbol of bad luck, particularly if one walks across the path in front of a person. In Germany, some believe that black cats crossing a path from right to left, is a bad omen. But from left to right, the cat is granting favorable times, in the United Kingdom it is commonly considered that a black cat crossing a persons path is a good omen
4. Fortune cookie – A fortune cookie is a crisp cookie usually made from flour, sugar, vanilla, and sesame seed oil with a piece of paper inside, a fortune, on which is an aphorism, or a vague prophecy. The message inside may also include a Chinese phrase with translation and/or a list of numbers used by some as lottery numbers. Fortune cookies are served as a dessert in Chinese restaurants in the United States and other Western countries. The exact origin of fortune cookies is unclear, though various immigrant groups in California claim to have popularized them in the early 20th century and it was most likely brought over from Japanese immigrants in the late 19th or early 20th century. The Japanese version did not have the Chinese lucky numbers and was eaten with tea. The Japanese version of the cookie differs in ways, they are a little bit larger, are made of darker dough. They contain a fortune, however, the slip of paper was wedged into the bend of the cookie rather than placed inside the hollow portion. This kind of cookie is called tsujiura senbei and is sold in some regions of Japan. It is also sold in the neighborhood of Fushimi Inari-taisha shrine in Kyoto, the fortune cookies were made by a San Francisco bakery, Benkyodo. David Jung, founder of the Hong Kong Noodle Company in Los Angeles, has made a claim that he invented the cookie in 1918. San Franciscos Court of Historical Review attempted to settle the dispute in 1983, during the proceedings, a fortune cookie was introduced as a key piece of evidence with a message reading, S. F. A federal judge of the Court of Historical Review determined that the cookie originated with Hagiwara, subsequently, the city of Los Angeles condemned the decision. Seiichi Kito, the founder of Fugetsu-do of Little Tokyo in Los Angeles, Kito claims to have gotten the idea of putting a message in a cookie from Omikuji which are sold at temples and shrines in Japan. According to his story, he sold his cookies to Chinese restaurants where they were greeted with enthusiasm in both the Los Angeles and San Francisco areas. Thus Kitos main claim is that he is responsible for the cookie being so strongly associated with Chinese restaurants, up to around World War II, fortune cookies were known as fortune tea cakes—likely reflecting their origins in Japanese tea cakes. Fortune cookies moved from being a confection dominated by Japanese-Americans to one dominated by Chinese-Americans sometime around World War II and this gave an opportunity for Chinese manufacturers. Fortune cookies before the early 20th century were all made by hand, however, the fortune cookie industry changed dramatically after the fortune cookie machine was invented by Shuck Yee from Oakland, California. Rumors that fortune cookies were invented in China are seen as false, in 1989, fortune cookies were reportedly imported into Hong Kong and sold as genuine American fortune cookies
5. Penny – A penny is a coin or a unit of currency in various countries. Borrowed from the Carolingian denarius, it is usually the smallest denomination within a currency system, presently, it is the formal name of the British penny and the informal name of one American cent as well as the informal Irish designation of 1 cent euro coin. It is the name of the cent unit of account in Canada. The name is used in reference to various historical currencies also derived from the Carolingian system, such as the French denier. It may also be used to refer to any similar smallest-denomination coin. The Carolingian penny was originally a. 940-fine silver coin weighing 1/240 pound, the British penny remained a silver coin until the expense of the Napoleonic Wars prompted the use of base metals in 1797. Despite the decimalization of currencies in the United States and, later, throughout the British Commonwealth, no penny is currently formally subdivided, although farthings, halfpennies, and half cents have previously been minted and the mill remains in use as a unit of account in some contexts. Penny is first attested in a 1394 Scots text, a variant of Old English peni, a development of numerous variations including pennig, penning, and pending. The etymology of the penny is uncertain, although cognates are common across almost all Germanic languages and suggest a base *pan-, *pann-. Recently, it has proposed that it may represent an early borrowing of Punic PN. Following decimalization, the British and Irish coins were marked new penny until 1982 and 1985, the regular plural pennies fell out of use in England from the 16th century, except in reference to coins considered individually. The informal name for the American cent seems to have spread from New York, in British English, prior to decimalization, values from two to eleven pence and of twenty pence are often written and spoken as a single word, as twopence, threepence, &c. Where a single coin represented a number of pence, it was treated as a single noun, thus, a threepence would be single coin of that value whereas three pence would be its value and three pennies would be three penny coins. In British English, divisions of a penny were added to such combinations without a conjunction, as sixpence-farthing, adjectival use of such coins used the ending -penny, as sixpenny. The British abbreviation d. derived from the Latin denarius and it followed the amount after a space. It has been replaced since decimalization by p, usually written without a space or period, from this abbreviation, it is common to speak of pennies and values in pence as p. In North America, it is common to abbreviate cents with the currency symbol ¢, elsewhere, it is usually written with a simple c. The medieval silver penny was modeled on similar coins in antiquity, such as the Greek drachma, the Carthaginian shekel, forms of these seem to have reached as far as Norway and Sweden
6. Touch piece – A touch piece is a coin or medal believed to cure disease, bring good luck, influence peoples behaviour, carry out a specific practical action, etc. What most touch pieces have in common is that they have to be touched or in physical contact for the power concerned to be obtained and/or transferred. Once this is achieved, the power is present in the coin. Coins which had given at Holy Communion could be rubbed on parts of the body suffering from rheumatism. Medallions or medalets showing the Devil defeated were specially minted in Britain and distributed amongst the poor in the belief that they would reduce disease and sickness. The tradition of touch pieces goes back to the time of Ancient Rome and this coin, an Edward I groat, still held by the family, has a triangular-shaped stone of a dark red colour set into it. The coin is kept in a box given by Queen Victoria to General Lockhart. It can supposedly cure rabies, haemorrhage, and various animal ailments, the coin was exempted from the Church of Scotlands prohibition on charms and was lent to the citizens of Newcastle during the reign of King Charles I to protect them from the plague. A sum of between £1,000 and £6,000 was pledged for its return, the legend of the Lee Penny gave rise to Sir Walter Scotts novel The Talisman. The amulet was placed in water, which was drunk to provide the cure. No money was taken for its use. In 1629 Isobel Young, burned as a witch later that same year, the family of Lockart of Lee would not lend the stone in its silver setting, however, they gave flagons of water in which the coin had been steeped. In France it was called the Mal De Roi, William the Lion, King of Scotland is recorded in 1206 as curing a case of scrofula by his touching and blessing a child who had the ailment. Charles I touched around 100 people shortly after his coronation at Holyrood in 1630, rarely fatal, the disease was naturally given to spontaneously cure itself after lengthy periods of remission. Many miraculous cures were recorded, and failures were put down to a lack of faith in the sufferer, the original Book of Common Prayer of the Anglican Church contained this ceremony. The divine power of kings was believed to be descended from Edward the Confessor, the custom lasted from the time of Edward the Confessor until Annes reign, although her predecessor, William III refused to believe in the tradition and did not practice the ceremony. James II and James Francis Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender, Charles Edward Stuart, the Young Pretender, is known to have carried out the rite in 1745 at Glamis Castle during the time of his rebellion against George II and also in France after his exile. Finally, Henry Benedict Stuart, the brother of Charles, performed the ceremony until his death in 1807, all the Jacobite Stuarts produced special touch-piece medalets, with a variety of designs and inscriptions
7. Four-leaf clover – The four-leaf clover is a rare variation of the common three-leaf clover. Clovers can have more than four leaves, five-leaf clovers are less commonly found naturally than four-leaf clovers, however, they, too, have been successfully cultivated. Some four-leaf clover collectors, particularly in Ireland, regard the five-leaf clover, known as a rose clover, in exceptionally rare cases, clovers are able to grow with six leaves and more in nature. The most leaves ever found on a single stem is 56 and was discovered by Shigeo Obara of Hanamaki City, Iwate, Japan. It is debated whether the leaf is caused genetically or environmentally. Its relative rarity suggests a possible recessive gene appearing at a low frequency, alternatively, four-leaf clovers could be caused by somatic mutation or a developmental error of environmental causes. They could also be caused by the interaction of genes that happen to segregate in the individual plant. It is possible all four explanations could apply to individual cases and this means that multiple four-leaf clovers could be found in the same clover plant. Researchers from the University of Georgia have reported finding the gene that turns ordinary three-leaf clovers into the coveted four-leaf types, white clover has many genes that affect leaf color and shape, and the three in the study were very rare. These traits can be attractive, particularly if combined with others. There are some cultivars of white clover which regularly produce more than three leaflets, including purple-leaved T. repens Purpurascens Quadrifolium and green-leaved T. repens Quadrifolium, trifolium repens Good Luck is a cultivar which has three, four, or five green, dark-centered leaflets per leaf. Other plants may be mistaken for, or misleadingly sold as, four-leaf clovers, for example, other species that have been sold as four-leaf clovers include Marsilea quadrifolia. Italian automobile maker Alfa Romeo used to paint a four-leaf clover, or quadrifoglio and this tradition started in the 1923 Targa Florio race, when driver Ugo Sivocci decorated his car with a green clover on a white background. Los Angeles-based space exploration company SpaceX includes a four-leaf clover on each space mission embroidered patch as a luck charm. Celtic Football Club, a team from Glasgow, Scotland, have used the four leaf clover as the clubs official badge for over 40 years. Former Japanese game developer studio Clover Studio used a four-leaf clover as their logo, several businesses and organisations use a four-leaf clover in their logos to signify Celtic origins. The global network of youth organizations 4-H uses a green clover with a white H on each leaf. Some folk traditions assign a different attribute to each leaf of a clover, the first leaf represents hope, the second stands for faith, the third is for love and the fourth leaf brings luck to the finder
8. Crossed fingers – To cross ones fingers is a hand gesture commonly used to wish for luck. Occasionally it is interpreted as an attempt to implore God for protection, the gesture is referred to by the common expressions cross your fingers, keep your fingers crossed, or just fingers crossed. Some people, mostly children, also use the gesture to excuse their telling of a white lie, by extension, a similar belief is that crossing ones fingers invalidates a promise being made. The origin of the gesture traces back to the biblical Kingdom of Israel, courts of Mosaic law would often render verdicts with the phrase May God have mercy upon your soul in order to reaffirm Gods supreme authority over the law. Most judges felt that while they could pass a sentence of death upon a person, they personally did not have the authority to destroy souls and that only God had the authority to do that. As a result, some judges would cross their fingers whenever they said the phrase as a result of concern for the soul as they said it as a prayer. Common usage of the gesture traces back to the centuries of the Catholic Church. Common use of crossed fingers is found in the Christians who would cross their fingers in order to invoke the power associated with Christs cross for protection, when faced with evil. Moreover, Christians, when persecuted by the Romans, used the symbol of crossed fingers in order to one another. It became a custom everywhere, for Christians when meeting, to make the sign of a cross by crossing their fingers. In 16th century England, people continued to cross fingers or make the sign of the cross in order to ward off evil and this superstition thus became popular among many early European Christian cultures. In some places, a comrade or well-wisher placed his finger over the index finger of the person making the wish. The one person makes the wish, the other empathizes and supports, over centuries, the custom was simplified, so that a person could wish on his own, by crossing his index and middle fingers to form an X. But traces remain—two people hooking index fingers as a sign of greeting or agreement is still common in some circles today, a wish made on a cross was a way of anchoring the wish at the intersection of the cross until the wish was fulfilled. In Vietnam the gesture is considered rude, especially to another person, referring to female genitals, it is comparable to the finger in western culture. In German-speaking countries the gesture is known for vitiating oaths. Wishing for luck is gestured by pressing thumbs, the same gesture is used in many Slavic countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Bulgaria and ex-Yugoslav republics. Benediction God bless you Orans Sacramentals Sign of the Cross
9. Friday the 13th – Friday the 13th is considered an unlucky day in Western superstition. It occurs when the 13th day of the month in the Gregorian calendar falls on a Friday and it occurs at least once every year, and up to three times a year. In 2017, it twice, on January 13 and October 13. There will be two Friday the 13ths per year until 2020, where 2021 will have just one occurrence. While there is evidence of both Friday and the number 13 being considered unlucky, there is no record of the two items being referred to as especially unlucky in conjunction before the 19th century. It is possible that the publication in 1907 of Thomas W. Lawsons popular novel Friday, in the novel, an unscrupulous broker takes advantage of the superstition to create a Wall Street panic on a Friday the 13th. A suggested origin of the superstition—Friday,13 October 1307, the date Philip IV of France arrested hundreds of the Knights Templar—may not have been formulated until the 20th century, in Spanish-speaking countries, instead of Friday, Tuesday the 13th is considered a day of bad luck. The Greeks also consider Tuesday an unlucky day, Tuesday is considered dominated by the influence of Ares, the god of war. In addition, in Greek the name of the day is Triti meaning the third, adding weight to the superstition, Tuesday the 13th occurs on a month starting on Thursday. In Italian popular culture, Friday the 17th is considered a day of bad luck, the origin of this belief could be traced in the writing of number 17, in Roman numerals, XVII. By shuffling the digits of the one can easily get the word VIXI. In fact, in Italy,13 is generally considered a lucky number, however, due to Americanization, young people consider Friday the 13th unlucky as well. The 2000 parody film Shriek If You Know What I Did Last Friday the Thirteenth was released in Italy with the title Shriek – Hai impegni per venerdì17, Friday the 17th occurs on a month starting on Wednesday. Some people are so paralyzed by fear that they avoid their normal routines in doing business and its been estimated that $800 or $900 million is lost in business on this day. Despite this, representatives for both Delta Air Lines and now-defunct Continental Airlines have stated that their airlines do not suffer from any noticeable drop in travel on those Fridays. In years which begin on the day of the week and are of the same type. The following months for each year from 1900 to 2100 have a Friday the 13th, This sequence, given here for 1900–2099, the months with a Friday the 13th are determined by the Dominical letter of the year. Any month that starts on a Sunday contains a Friday the 13th, the shortest period that can occur with a Friday the 13th is just one month, from February to March in a common year starting on Thursday
10. Horse brass – A horse brass is a brass plaque used for the decoration of horse harness gear, especially for shire and parade horses. They became especially popular in England from the century until their general decline alongside the use of the draft horse. Phalera is the term for equivalent disks, which were popular in Iron Age Europe. There are a great deal of die-hard, unfounded myths surrounding these decorations such as their usage as amulets to ward off the evil eye. The most popular size is 3 × 3½ inches of flat brass with a hanger by which the brass is threaded onto a horse harness strap, known as a Martingale. In England many of these items of harness found their way into country houses as the era of the heavy horse declined. By the late 19th century heavy horses were decorated with brasses of all kinds, during this era working horse parades were popular throughout the British Isles and prize or merit awards were given, some by the Royal Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Horse brasses were often prized by the carters, who decorated their horse with them. Other horse brass subjects include advertising, royalty commemoration, and in years, souvenir brasses for places and events, many of which are still being made. The writing about such items also commenced c. 1890s and was dominated by much Victorian romanticism surrounding the supposed, esoteric origin and ancient, unbroken lineage of these decorations. Unlike their cast cousins, stamped brasses were not made in moulds, due to the ease of their manufacture, many thousands of these stamped types were produced, but there are some that are very rare. The National Horse Brass Society of England has members all over the world and provides publications for members and swap meets
11. Chain letter – A typical chain letter consists of a message that attempts to convince the recipient to make a number of copies of the letter and then pass them on to as many recipients as possible. In reality, the chain is actually a geometrically progressing pyramid that cannot be sustained indefinitely, Chain letters started as actual letters that one received in the mail. Today, chain letters are no longer actual letters. They are sent through email messages, postings on social network sites, there are two main types of chain letters, Hoaxes - Hoaxes attempt to trick or defraud users. A hoax could be malicious, instructing users to delete a file necessary to the system by claiming it is a virus. It could also be a scam that convinces users to send money or personal information, phishing attacks could fall into this. Urban legends - Urban legends are designed to be redistributed and usually warn users of a threat or claim to be notifying them of important or urgent information. Another common form are the emails that promise users monetary rewards for forwarding the message or suggest that they are signing something that will be submitted to a particular group, Urban legends usually have no negative effect aside from wasted time. In the United States, chain letters that request money or other items of value, however, it is often difficult to distinguish chain letters from genuine correspondence. The oldest known channel for chain letters is written, or printed and these might be exchanged hand-to-hand or distributed through the mail. One notorious early example was the Prosperity Club or Send-a-Dime letter and this letter started in Denver, Colorado in 1935, based on an earlier luck letter. It soon swamped the Denver post office with hundreds of thousands of letters before spilling into St. Louis, Chain letters take religious perspectives especially relating to Christianity. Often these letters originate from photocopy centers, claiming to have originated from the Pope, messages sometimes include phony promises from companies or wealthy individuals promising a monetary reward to everyone who receives the message. They may also be motivated, such as Save the Scouts. Some, like the Hawaiian Good Luck Totem which has spread in thousands of forms, platforms like Facebook and YouTube can host chain letters playing with users emotions. They may also be in the form of a warning, such as stories of escaped convicts et cetera which urge the reader to pass the message on. One chain letter distributed on MSN Hotmail began, Hey its Tara and John the directors of MSN. another common form of email chain letter is the virus hoax and a form of cyberbullying. Chain letters within social media became widespread on Myspace and YouTube as well as on Facebook through messages or applications
12. Epimenides – Epimenides of Knossos was a semi-mythical 7th or 6th century BC Greek seer and philosopher-poet. While tending his fathers sheep, Epimenides is said to have fallen asleep for years in a Cretan cave sacred to Zeus. The only reward he would accept was a branch of the olive. Athenaeus also mentions him, in connection with the self-sacrifice of the erastes and eromenos pair of Cratinus and Aristodemus, even in antiquity there were those who held the story to be mere fiction. Diogenes Laërtius preserves a number of letters between Epimenides and Solon in his Lives of the Philosophers. Epimenides was also said to have prophesied at Sparta on military matters and he died in Crete at an advanced age, according to his countrymen, who afterwards honoured him as a god, he lived nearly three hundred years. According to another story, he was taken prisoner in a war between the Spartans and Cnossians, and put to death by his captors, because he refused to prophesy favourably for them. Pausanias reports that when Epimenides died, his skin was found to be covered with tattooed writing and this was considered odd, because the Greeks reserved tattooing for slaves. Some modern scholars have seen this as evidence that Epimenides was heir to the religions of Central Asia. The skin of Epimenides was preserved at the courts of the ephores in Sparta, Epimenides is also reckoned with Melampus and Onomacritus as one of the founders of Orphism. According to Diogenes Laertius, Epimenides met Pythagoras in Crete, Epimenides Cretica is quoted twice in the New Testament. Its only source is a 9th-century Syriac commentary by Ishodad of Merv on the Acts of the Apostles, in the poem, Minos addresses Zeus thus, The lie of the Cretans is that Zeus was mortal, Epimenides considered Zeus immortal. Cretans, always liars, with the same intent as Epimenides. The fourth line is quoted in Acts of the Apostles, chapter 17, the second line is quoted, with a veiled attribution, in the Epistle to Titus, chapter 1, verse 12, to warn Titus about the Cretans. The prophet in Titus 1,12 is identified by Clement of Alexandria as Epimenides, in this passage, Clement mentions that some say Epimenides should be counted among the seven wisest philosophers. Chrysostom gives an alternative fragment, For even a tomb, King, of you They made, who never died and it is not clear when Epimenides became associated with the Epimenides paradox, a variation of the liar paradox. Epimenides himself does not appear to have intended any irony or paradox in his statement Cretans, always liars. In the epistle to Titus, there is a warning that One of themselves, even a prophet of their own, said, in the Middle Ages, many forms of the liar paradox were studied under the heading of insolubilia, but these were not associated with Epimenides