Category:Maharajas of Jaipur
Pages in category "Maharajas of Jaipur"
The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Maharaja – Mahārāja is a Sanskrit title for a great ruler, great king or high king. It has also been the title of emperors, including Maharaja Ranjit Singh, founder of the Sikh empire, the female equivalent, Maharani, denotes either the wife of a Maharaja, and also in states where that was customary, a woman ruling in her own right. The widow of a Maharaja is known as a Rajmata queen mother, Maharaj Kumar generally denotes a son of a Maharaja, but more specific titulatures are often used at each court, including Yuvaraj for the heir. The form Maharaj indicates a separation of noble and religious offices, the word Maharaja originates in Sanskrit and is a compound karmadhāraya term from mahānt- great and rājan ruler, king). It has the Latin cognates magnum great and rex king, the Sanskrit title Maharaja was originally used only for rulers who ruled a considerably large region with minor tributary rulers under them. Since mediaeval times, the title was used even by monarchs of smaller states claiming to be the descendants of ancient Maharajas, the word Maharaja may be understood simply to mean ruler or king, in spite of its literal translation as great king. The word, however, can also mean emperor in contemporary Indian usage, two Rajas who became Maharajas in the twentieth century were the Maharaja of Cochin and the legendary Maharaja Jagatjit Singh of Kapurthala. Variations of this include the following, each combining Maha- great with an alternative form of Raja king, so all meaning Great King, Maharana, Maharawal, Maharawat, Maharao. Maharajah has taken on new spellings due to change and migration. It has even been shortened to Mahraj and Maraj but the most common is Maharajah, despite its literal meaning, unlike many other titles meaning Great King, neither Maharaja nor Rajadhiraja, nor even its equivalent amongst. Maharaja, Maharajadhiraja, never reached the standing required for imperial rank, dharma-maharaja was the devout title of the rulers of the Ganga dynasty. In the Mughal Empire it was common to award to various princes a series of lofty titles as a matter of protocolary rank. The british would, as partamaount power, do the same, Maharajadhiraja, Great Prince over Princes, a title of honour, one degree higher than Sawai Maharaja Bahadur. Sawai Maharaja Bahadur, a title of honour, one higher than Sawai Maharaja. Sawai Maharaja, a title of one degree higher than Maharaja Bahadur. Maharaja Bahadur, a title of honour, one higher than Maharaja. Maharaja itself could also be grahted as a personal, non-hereditary style, like Raja and various other titles, Maharaja was repeatedly awarded to notables without a princely state, such as zamindars. g. The Diwan Maharaja Sir Kishen Pershad, held such a Maharaja-title, Maharaj Kumar means son of a Maharaja or Heir-Apparent, the female equivalent is Maharaj Kumari, daughter of a Maharaja
2. Amer, India – Amer, now a part of the Jaipur Municipal Corporation, was a city of the Rajasthan state, India. Founded by Meena Raja Alan Singh, Amer was a settlement dating as far back as 967 AD. The picturesque situation of Amer at the mouth of a mountain gorge, in which nestles a lovely lake, has attracted the admiration of travellers, including Victor Jacquemont. It is seen to be an example for its combined Rajput-Mughal architecture. The Amer Fort. The first Rajput structure was started by Raja Kakil Dev when Amer became his capital in 1036, around 1037 AD, Amer was conquered by the Kachwaha clan of Rajputs. Much of the present structure known as Amer Fort is actually the palace built by Raja Man Singh who ruled from 1590 to 1614 AD. The palace contains several buildings, such as the Diwan-i-Khas. The two structures are interconnected by a series of encompassing fortifications, Amer was capital of the Kachwaha] until 1727 when the ruler of Amer, Sawai Jai Singh II founded a capital Jainagara, named after him, about nine kilometers south of Amer. After the founding of new town, the royal palace. The priests of Shila Devi temple, who were Bengali Brahmins, continued to live in the fort, the capital of Kachwaha was supplanted by the modern city of Jaipur, which is the capital of the Rajasthan state in India. Poor site management and development pressures have dramatically altered the integrity of Amer. The building that rings around the Jaleb Chwok courtyard has been converted to a place with shops selling showpieces and dresses. They have cafeterias, cyber cafés, etc, according to the Times of India, water Gateways Maota Lake Amber Fort Jaigarh Fort Jagat shiromani Temple Step well pool Amer Fort Rajasthani people Rajasthan
3. Jaipur – Jaipur is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan in Northern India. It was founded on 18 November 1726 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, as of 2011, the city has a population of 3.1 million, making it the tenth most populous city in the country. Jaipur is also known as the Pink City of India, Jaipur is located 260 km from the Indian capital New Delhi. Jaipur forms a part of the west Golden Triangle tourist circuit along with Agra, Jaipur is a popular tourist destination in India and serves as a gateway to other tourist destinations in Rajasthan such as Jodhpur, Jaisalmer Udaipur. and Mount Abu. The city of Jaipur was founded in 1726 by Jai Singh II and he planned to shift his capital from Amer,11 km from Jaipur to accommodate the growing population and increasing scarcity of water. Jai Singh consulted several books on architecture and architects while planning the layout of Jaipur, under the architectural guidance of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, Jaipur was planned based on the principles of Vastu shastra and Shilpa Shastra. The construction of the city began in 1726 and took four years to complete the major roads, the city was divided into nine blocks, two of which contained the state buildings and palaces, with the remaining seven allotted to the public. Huge ramparts were built, pierced by seven fortified gates, during the rule of Sawai Ram Singh, the city was painted pink to welcome the Prince of Wales, later Edward VII, in 1876. Many of the avenues remained painted in pink, giving Jaipur a distinctive appearance, in the 19th century, the city grew rapidly and by 1900 it had a population of 160,000. The wide boulevards were paved and its industries were the working of metals and marble. The city had three colleges, including a Sanskrit college and a school opened during the reign of the Maharaja Ram Singh II. Temperatures remain relatively high during summer from April to early July having average daily temperatures of around 30 °C, during the monsoon there are frequent, heavy rains and thunderstorms, but flooding is not common. The winter months of November to February are mild and pleasant, with temperatures ranging from 10–15 °C and with little or no humidity. The city was planned according to Indian Vastu shastra by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya in 1727, there are three gates facing east, west, and north. The eastern gate is called Suraj pol, the gate is called Chand pol. The city is unusual among pre-modern Indian cities in the regularity of its streets, the urban quarters are further divided by networks of gridded streets. Five quarters wrap around the east, south, and west sides of a central palace quarter, the Palace quarter encloses the Hawa Mahal palace complex, formal gardens, and a small lake. Nahargarh Fort, which was the residence of the King Sawai Jai Singh II, according to provisional report of 2011 census, Jaipur city had a population of 3,073,350
4. Jaipur State – Jaipur State was a princely state of India from 1128 to 1948. It was centred on Jaipur town and it existed from the 12th century until Indian Independence in 1947. According to the different periods of history it was known as Jaipur Kingdom, Amber Kingdom, Dhundhar Kingdom. Jaipur state was founded in the Dhundhar region and its predecessor state was the Dhundhar kingdom, founded in 1093 by Duleh Rai, also known as Dulha Rao. Jaipur state was known as Amber between the fourteenth century and 1727, in that year, a new capital was built and named Jayapura, then the kingdom was renamed Jaipur. The modern-day Kushwaha community, of which the Kachwaha form a part, generally claim descent from Kusha and this enables their claim to be of the Suryavansh dynasty but it is a myth of origin developed in the twentieth century. Kacchi, Koeri and Murao can be asserted as those castes who have been degraded from Kshtriya status, in 1561, the chief at Amber, Bharamail Kachwaha, sought support from Akbar, the Mughal emperor. He was formally recognised as a Raja and was invested into the Mughal nobility in return for him giving his daughter to Akbars harem. A governor was appointed to oversee Bharamails territory and a tribute arrangement saw Bharamail given a salaried rank, the ruling dynasty of Amber provided the Mughal Empire with some distinguished generals. Among them were Bhagwant Das, Man Singh I, who fought and governed from Kabul to Orissa and Assam, Jai Singh was succeeded by Ramsingh I, Bishan Singh and Jai Singh II. Jai Singh II, also known as Sawai Jai Singh, ruled the state from 1699 to 1743 was a mathematician and astronomer. Throughout the disintegration of the Mughal Empire, the armies of Jaipur were in a constant state of warfare, towards the end of the 18th century, the Jats of Bharatpur and the chief of Alwar declared themselves independent from Jaipur and each annexed the eastern portion of Jaipurs territory. This period of Jaipurs history is characterised by internal power-struggles and constant military conflicts with the Marathas, Jats, other Rajput states, as well as the British and the Pindaris. The kingdom suffered a defeat at the hands of the Maratha forces of Mahadji Scindia in the Battle of Patan in 1790. Nevertheless enough wealth remained in Jaipur for the patronage of fine temples/palaces, continuity of its courtly traditions, in 1818 the Jaipur state became a British protectorate. In 1835 there was a disturbance in the city, after which the British government intervened. The state later became well-governed and prosperous, Jaipurs last princely ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 7 April 1949. The Maharajas of Jaipur belonged to the Kachwaha dynasty, talchidi Bicchao Renwal Padasoli Pachar Chitora Rausi Kailai Ramgarh Kheri Jadawata - Paid no tribute but rendered service by Cavalry
5. Bhagwant Das – Maharaja Bhagawant Das was a Kacchwaha ruler of Amber. One of his descendants Jai Singh II founded Jaipur and he was the eldest son of Raja Bharmal and succeeded him after his death. Raja Bhagwant was also the brother of Akbars Queen Consort Mariam-uz-Zamani. He was a general of Mughal emperor Akbar, who awarded him a mansab of 5000 in 1585. and he fought many battles for Akbar including battles in Punjab, Kashmir and Afghanistan, and also remained governor of Kabul. Bhagwant Das was soundly defeated by the army of the ferocious Kashmiri king Yusuf Shah Chak. The Chaks Aryan-Dardic tribe were first generation converts to Shia Islam, dass was first time sent to Punjab on c. He married his daughter Manbhawati Bai to Prince Salim, who later assumed throne as emperor Jahangir and he was succeeded by his son by Bhagawati Devi, Raja Man Singh I after his death. His second son Madho Singh became the ruler of Bhangarh, house of Kachwaha List of Rajputs Beveridge H. The Akbarnama of Abu´l Fazl, Vol. III, Kolkata, The Asiatic Society, a History of Jaipur, New Delhi, Orient Longman, ISBN 81-250-0333-9
6. Jai Singh II – Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh was the Rajput ruler of the kingdom of Amber. He was born at Amber, the capital of the Kachwahas and he became ruler of Amber at the age of 11 after his father Maharaja Bishan Singh died on 31 December 1699. He was given title of Sawai at the age of eleven by the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb in the year 1699, later he proved to be Sawai also in warfare. Sawai means one and a quarter times superior to his contemporaries and these titles adorn his descendants even to this date. He had a great interest in mathematics, architecture and astronomy, the Jaipur kings had always preferred diplomacy to arms in their dealings with the Mughals, since their kingdom was located so close to the Mughal power centers of Delhi and Agra. Under Aurangzeb, successive Kachawaha Rajas from the time of Ramsingh I were actually deprived of their rank, two of their chiefs, Jai Singh I and Kunwar Kishan Singh, died in mysterious circumstances while campaigning in the Deccan. Six months after his accession, Jai Singh was ordered by Aurangzeb to serve in his ruinous Deccan Wars, but there was a delay of about one year in his responding to the call. One of the reason for this was that he was ordered to recruit a large force and he also had to conclude his marriage with the daughter of Udit Singh, the nephew of Raja Uttam Ram Gaur of Sheopur in March,1701. Jai Singh reached Burhanpur on 3 August 1701 but he could not proceed due to heavy rains. On 13 September 1701 an additional cut in his rank and pay was made and his feat of arms at the siege of Khelna was rewarded by the mere restoration of his earlier rank and the title of Sawai. When Aurangzeb’s grandson Bidar bakht deputed Sawai Jai Singh to govern the province of Malwa, the death of Aurangzeb at first only increased Jai Singh’s troubles. Sawai Jai Singh formed an alliance with the Rajput states of Mewar and Marwar, Aurangzeb’s rule of excluding Rajputs from the administration was now abandoned by the later Mughals—Jai Singh was appointed to govern the important provinces of Agra and Malwa. In Agra he came into conflict with the sturdy Jat peasantry, the Jats, like other Hindus and Sikhs, had been provoked into rebellion by the bigoted policies of Aurangzeb and the harshness of his local fanatic Muslim governors. While Aurangzeb was sinking deeper into the morass of his Deccan Wars, churaman’s nephew Thakur Badan Singh came over to Jai Singh and provided him with vital information on the weak points of Thun. After its conquest Jai Singh captured and demolished other smaller forts, the Kachwaha ruler was appointed to govern Malwa three times between 1714 and 1737. In Jai Singhs first viceroyalty of Malwa, isolated Maratha war-bands that entered the province from the south were constantly defeated and repulsed by Jai Singh, in 1728, Peshwa Baji Rao defeated the Nizam of Hyderabad, part of the Mughal Deccan. With an agreement from Baji Rao to spare the Nizam’s own domains, the Nizam allowed the Marathas a free passage through Berar and Khandesh, the Marathas were then able to plant a permanent camp beyond the southern frontier of Malwa. By May, Jai Singh was recalled back to Rajputana to attend more pressing matters, exploiting the decadence of the Delhi government, the Persian raider Nadir Shah defeated the Mughals at Karnal and finally sacked Delhi
7. Pratap Singh of Jaipur – Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh was a Kachwaha ruler of Jaipur from 1778 to 1803. He has no relation to Pratap Singh, Maharana of Mewar and he was born on December 1764 and succeeded his father Madho Singh I. He was grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, founder of Jaipur and he is known for constructing Hawa Mahal
8. Madho Singh I – Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I was ruler of the state of Jaipur in the present-day Indian state of Rajasthan from 1750 to 1768. He patronized Sportsmen of his State and even sent them to places within the country to take part in competitions. Likewise, he sent artists from his State to other places to exhibit their skills and he was fond of watching elephant fights, bullfights and other similar sports. He had Shaikh Sadi’s Gulistan translated into Sanskrit. A few Sanskrit works were attributed to him. Many dramas and poetic works were written under his patronage such as Veli Rukmani, Madhav Natakam, Madahava Vijaikavyama, Rajaritinirupana, greatest contribution, at the end of his reign was political stability in the state of Jaipur
9. Maharaja of Jaipur – Jaipur State was a princely state of India from 1128 to 1948. It was centred on Jaipur town and it existed from the 12th century until Indian Independence in 1947. According to the different periods of history it was known as Jaipur Kingdom, Amber Kingdom, Dhundhar Kingdom. Jaipur state was founded in the Dhundhar region and its predecessor state was the Dhundhar kingdom, founded in 1093 by Duleh Rai, also known as Dulha Rao. Jaipur state was known as Amber between the fourteenth century and 1727, in that year, a new capital was built and named Jayapura, then the kingdom was renamed Jaipur. The modern-day Kushwaha community, of which the Kachwaha form a part, generally claim descent from Kusha and this enables their claim to be of the Suryavansh dynasty but it is a myth of origin developed in the twentieth century. Kacchi, Koeri and Murao can be asserted as those castes who have been degraded from Kshtriya status, in 1561, the chief at Amber, Bharamail Kachwaha, sought support from Akbar, the Mughal emperor. He was formally recognised as a Raja and was invested into the Mughal nobility in return for him giving his daughter to Akbars harem. A governor was appointed to oversee Bharamails territory and a tribute arrangement saw Bharamail given a salaried rank, the ruling dynasty of Amber provided the Mughal Empire with some distinguished generals. Among them were Bhagwant Das, Man Singh I, who fought and governed from Kabul to Orissa and Assam, Jai Singh was succeeded by Ramsingh I, Bishan Singh and Jai Singh II. Jai Singh II, also known as Sawai Jai Singh, ruled the state from 1699 to 1743 was a mathematician and astronomer. Throughout the disintegration of the Mughal Empire, the armies of Jaipur were in a constant state of warfare, towards the end of the 18th century, the Jats of Bharatpur and the chief of Alwar declared themselves independent from Jaipur and each annexed the eastern portion of Jaipurs territory. This period of Jaipurs history is characterised by internal power-struggles and constant military conflicts with the Marathas, Jats, other Rajput states, as well as the British and the Pindaris. The kingdom suffered a defeat at the hands of the Maratha forces of Mahadji Scindia in the Battle of Patan in 1790. Nevertheless enough wealth remained in Jaipur for the patronage of fine temples/palaces, continuity of its courtly traditions, in 1818 the Jaipur state became a British protectorate. In 1835 there was a disturbance in the city, after which the British government intervened. The state later became well-governed and prosperous, Jaipurs last princely ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 7 April 1949. The Maharajas of Jaipur belonged to the Kachwaha dynasty, talchidi Bicchao Renwal Padasoli Pachar Chitora Rausi Kailai Ramgarh Kheri Jadawata - Paid no tribute but rendered service by Cavalry
10. Man Singh I – Man Singh was the Rajput Raja of Amber, a state later known as Jaipur in Rajputana. He was a general of the Mughal emperor Akbar, who included him among the Navaratnas. His descents was today ruled In Named Rajkuvri Sonal Baisaa and his daughter Manorama Bai was married to Crown Prince Dara Shikoh, the eldest son of Emperor Shah Jahan and brother of Aurangzeb. He was the son of Raja Bhagwant Das and Rani Sa Bhagawati Ji Sahiba of Amber and he was born on Sunday,21 December 1550. They are remembered with reverence in India, although Rana Pratap fought unrelenting wars with both of them, Raja Bharmal, the first Rajput ruler to marry his daughter to a Mughal, was Man Singh Is grandfather. Initially known as Kunwar, Man Singh received the title of Mirza Raja and he fought many important campaigns for Akbar. Kunwar Man Singh led the Mughal Army in the battle of Haldighati fought in 1576 between the Mughal Empire and Maha Rana Pratap. Man Singh was sent by Akbar to Maharana Pratap to make a treaty with Akbar, but Maharana Pratap, as a grandson of Rana Sanga, considered the Mughals invaders intruders on Indian territory, he declined to accept Akbars sovereignty. On the day of their meeting, Maharana Pratap invited Man Singh for dinner, Maharana Pratap deliberately avoided attending the dinner in person and sent his son Kunwar Amar Singh to dine with Kunwar Man Singh. The attitude of other Rajput nobles was also discouraging and they were secretly making mockery of Man Singh as his aunt Jodhabai was married to Akbar. Man Singh took this as an insult to Akbar and himself and he knew Maharana Pratap was making an excuse to avoid him. He refused to dine with Amar Singh and he remarked, I will come again and then will have a dinner. Understanding the hidden meaning a noble of Pratap remarked well, dont forget to bring your uncle Akbar and this laid the foundation of war between the Mughals and Rana Pratap, who already had many decades of rivalry and enmity. Appointed by Akbar to lead the Mughal Army against Rana Pratap, a fierce battle was fought on 18 June 1576 at Haldi Ghati. Rana Pratap personally attacked Man Singh, who defended himself by ducking, Rana Prataps famous warhorse the blue eyed kathiawari stallion Chetak was mortally wounded. Rana Pratap, himself, amazingly survived this battle, a nobleman, Jhala Man Singh, who pretended to be Rana Pratap, was killed by the Mughal forces. Jhala Man Singh put the helmet of Rana Pratap on his head, ultimately, the Mughal army won the battle. The next day Man Singh advanced and captured Gogunda, the seat of Prataps coronation and he exploited this and began guerrilla warfare
11. Man Singh II – HH Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II was the last ruling Maharaja of Jaipur State belonging to Kachwaha clan of Rajputs. He ruled the state between 1922 and 1949, when the state acceded unto the Dominion of India. Thereafter, he held office as Rajpramukh of Rajasthan between 1949 and 1956, in later life, he served as Ambassador of India to Spain. He was also a sportsman and celebrated polo player. Sawai Man Singh II, was born Mor Mukut Singh, the son of Thakur Sawai Singh of Isarda by his wife Sugan Kunwar. His father was a belonging to the Kachwaha clan of Rajputs. Mor Mukut grew up in the dusty, walled township of Isarda and his family was connected to the ruling house of Jaipur and Kotah. The then-Maharaja of Jaipur, Sawai Madho Singh II, had born the son of a former Thakur of Isarda and had been adopted into the ruling family of Jaipur. After giving him up for adoption, Madho Singhs actual father had in turn lacked for an heir and he adopted the son of a distant kinsman and was succeeded by that lad as Thakur of Isarda. That lad was Sawai Singh, father of Mor Mukut Singh, in this manner, Mor Mukut could be reckoned near kin to Maharaja Madho Singh II of Jaipur. On 24 March 1921, Madho Singh II adopted Mor Mukut to be his son, the boy was given the name Man Singh upon his adoption. Madho Singh II died on 7 September 1922 and was succeeded by Man Singh as Maharaja of Jaipur, the new Maharaja was eleven years old. Accordingly, Man Singh II remained Maharaja of Jaipur until his death, in 1958, Man Singh was one of several rulers who realised the potential of tourism in Rajasthan, turning Rambagh Palace into a luxury hotel. Under his rule various laws of reform were first introduced in his state. Later in 1956, the Jagidari form of administration were abolished during the government of the Congress Party in India. In 1965, the Indian government appointed Sawai Man Singh, Indian Ambassador to Spain, utilising his various contacts in Europe, he spent much of his time in Europe to ensue new military technology and arms-deal for the Indian army. He was especially noted as a polo player, winning among other trophies the World Cup in 1933. During the 1950s, Man Singh owned Saint Hill Manor in East Grinstead, West Sussex, Man Singh II was married three times, and his three wives lived in the same household together, as per Indian custom
12. Ram Singh I – Mirza Raja Ram Singh I was the elder son Mirza Raja Jai Singh I and was ruler of Amber, and head of the Kachwaha Rajput clan, from 1667 to 1688. He was subehdar of Kashmir from 1675-1680, kunwar Ram Singh had served in the campaigns of his great father Jai Singh I and by 1654 had acquired a rank of commander of 3000 in the Mughal nobility. His first independent campaign was in 1660, after the accession of Aurangzeb as emperor, Jai Singh took his younger son Kirat Singh on his last campaign to the Deccan leaving Ram Singh to be his representative at the Mughal court. When Jai Singh sent the Maratha hero Shivaji, to meet Aurangzeb, he took an oath to be responsible for his safety at the Mughal court, and made Ram Singh Shivajis caretaker. Shivaji, accompanied by his son Sambhaji and other officials and servants, was received by Kanvar Ram Singh at his camp in the suburbs of Agra city. Ram Singh escorted them to meet the emperor at the Diwan-e-khas in Agra fort, here they gave a customary present of 1,500 gold pieces at which, Aurangzeb cried out, Come up Shivaji Raja. Shivaji was taken to his place among the nobles who stood in two columns in front of the throne. Shivaji didnt receive any gift or honor from the emperor nor had there been any serious negotiations for his position and it happened to be the emperors birthday and robes of honor were given to the high ranked nobles like the prime minister Jafer Khan and Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur. All this while Shivaji had been forgotten, Shivaji was deliberately made a commander of 5000 by Aurangzeb and was made to stand behind mansabdārs of his court. Moreover, the noble in front of him was Rai Singh, also a commander of 5000, the nobles in front of Shivaji were the ones whom Shivaji had comprehensively defeated in the past. Shivaji Maharaj took offense at this seeming insult and his loud voice and angry gestures caused a minor commotion. Ram Singh came to him and tried to calm him down but the Maratha king couldnt be pacified. Shivaji stormed out of the court and was placed under house arrest in Ram Singhs camp, under the watch of Fulād Khān. For the next three days Shivaji refused to appear in court and returned the rank of nobility, Aurangzeb allowed Ram Singh to keep him in his care but only after the Rajput prince signed a bond taking full responsibility for the Maratha king. For the next few months Shivaji lived in Ram Singhs camp, guarded by Rajput warriors, when further negotiations proved futile Shivaji decided on escape— in August he feigned illness and began sending out baskets of sweets as charity. On August 17,1666 Shivaji and his son hid themselves in such baskets, since Shivaji had escaped from the midst of Ram Singhs camp, Aurangzebs suspicion naturally fell on Ram Singh for the feat. Some Maratha Brahmins confessed under torture that Ram Singh had connived at Shivajis escape to honor the oath taken by his father, Ram Singhs rank was reduced by 1000, his estates were taken away, and he was banished from the Mughal court. Nearly a year later the Kachwaha prince was permitted to enter the court, meanwhile, in the south, his father Jai Singh was also harshly punished for the failure of his Bijapur invasion——unlike the Muslim generals who had also failed but were always in Aurangzebs favor. Weighed down by losses and the removal of his son from an influential post
13. Jai Singh I – Mirza Raja Jai Singh was a senior general of the Mughal Empire and a ruler of the kingdom of Amber. His father was Raja Maha Singh who ruled 1614-1621 who died at Battle of Ajmer and his daughter was married to Prince Muzzam the eldest son of Aurangzeb. At the age of 10, Jai Singh I became the Raja of Amber and his military career spans the full reign of Shah Jahan and the first half of Aurangzebs reign. Jai Singhs first step in his rise to greatness took place on the accession of Shah Jahan, taking advantage of this change of sovereigns, Jai Singhs commander in the Deccan, Khan Jahan Lodi rebelled along with his Afghan followers. But the Rajput prince brought away his own army to the north, for these valuable services Jai Singh was made a commander of 4000. In 1636 Shah Jahan organized a campaign against the southern sultanates in which Jai Singh played a leading part—later this same army was sent to campaign against the Gond kingdoms. For his part in these successful ventures Jai Singh was promoted to the rank of commander of 5000, by defeating the Meo robber tribes in the north of Amber, Jai Singh further increased the size of his ancestral kingdom. In 1641 he subdued the rebellion of Raja Jagat Singh Pathania of the hill-state of Mau-Paithan, in 1638 the fort of Kandahar was surrendered by its Safavid Persian commander, Ali Mardan Khan, to Shah Jahan. The emperors son Shuja, accompanied by Jai Singh, was sent to take delivery of this important fort, to overawe the Persian Shah from interfering in this task, Shah Jahan assembled a 50,000 strong army in Kabul. On this occasion Jai Singh received the title of Mirza Raja from Shah Jahan. In 1647 Mirza Raja Jai Singh joined in Shah Jahans invasion of Balkh and this insane project thus ended in financial failure. In 1649 another blow knocked down Mughal prestige—Kandahar was recovered by Shah Abbas II, a third grand attempt was made in 1653 under the command of Shah Jahans oldest and favorite son Dara Shikoh, a deadly rival of Aurangzeb, and again Jai Singh was sent with this army. Dara was particularly harsh on officers that had part in the earlier campaigns under Aurangzeb. But when his own campaign ended with the result, the Mughals finally gave up all attempts to recover Kandahar. Dara continued his hostility towards Jai Singh on return to Agra, no promotions or awards were given to the veteran general for skillfully covering the armys retreat. Instead Jaswant Singh of the rival Rathor clan was made commander of 6000, in 1657 Shah Jahan fell seriously ill, to the extent that he was incapacitated. Daras three younger brothers made preparations to seize the throne, Shah Shuja in Bengal and Murad in Gujarat crowned themselves emperors, but the clever Aurangzeb merely declared his intention of rescuing his father for the sake of Islam. In the face of these dangers, Dara Shikoh now remembered Jai Singh—the Rajput chief was made commander of 6000 and sent east along with Daras son Sulaiman
14. Madho Singh II – Maharajadhiraja Sawai Madho Singh II GCSI GCIE GCVO GBE, was the Maharajadhiraja of Jaipur from 1880 until 1922. He was the son of Ram Singh II, Raja of Jaipur. He was born Kaim Singh, the son of the Thakur of Isardha. After the death of their father, a dispute with his brother over the succession left the teenaged Kaim exiled. He found work as a risaldar in the cavalry of the Nawab of Tonk and his fate was altered by his encounters with the guru Baba Brahmachari, whose disciple he became, and with the ruling Ram Singh II. When Ram died in 1880, he had no heir, and chose on his deathbed to adopt the 18-year-old Kaim, as ruler of the large and prosperous state of Jaipur, Madho Singh embraced modern ideas on education and sanitation. He built schools, colleges, hospitals and a museum, when famine struck in 1896–1897 and 1899–1900, he used state funds to feed the population. He also appealed to the Viceroy, Lord Curzon, to start a permanent Famine Relief Fund, in the First World War, he again sent his men and machine guns to assist in the Mesopotamian campaign at his own expense. Singh was made an honorary Major-General, and was rewarded with honours. In 1921, he adopted the son of the Thakur of Isarda. He died in 1922 and was succeeded by his adopted son, the Maharaja Man Singh
15. Ram Singh II – Ram Singh II, was the Maharaja of Jaipur from 1835 until 1880. He was a son of Jai Singh III, Raja of Jaipur