Category:Maryland counties on the Potomac River
Pages in category "Maryland counties on the Potomac River"
The following 8 pages are in this category, out of 8 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 8 pages are in this category, out of 8 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Frederick County, Maryland – Frederick County is a county located in the northern part of the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 U. S. Census, the population was 240,336, Frederick County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Like other outlying sections of the Washington metropolitan area, Frederick County has experienced a population increase in recent years. The county is associated with Western Maryland, depending on the definition used. It borders the southern border of Pennsylvania and the border of Virginia. The county is home to Catoctin Mountain Park and to the U. S. Armys Fort Detrick and it has also been the home to several celebrated historical figures like Francis Scott Key, Chris Rose, Zach Taylor, Matt Bennett, Thomas Johnson, Roger B. The namesake of Frederick County and its county seat is unknown, Frederick County was created in 1748 from parts of Prince Georges County and Baltimore County. In 1776, Frederick County was divided into three parts, the westernmost portion became Washington County, named after George Washington, the southernmost portion became Montgomery County, named after another Revolutionary War general, Richard Montgomery. The northern portion remained Frederick County, in 1837 a part of Frederick County was combined with a part of Baltimore County to form Carroll County which is east of current day Frederick County. The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 667 square miles, of which 660 square miles is land and 7.2 square miles is water. It is the largest county in Maryland in terms of land area, Frederick County straddles the boundary between the Piedmont Plateau Region and the Appalachian Mountains. The countys two prominent ridges, Catoctin Mountain and South Mountain, form an extension of the Blue Ridge, the Middletown Valley lies between them. The summary statistics for Frederick County from the U. S. Census 2000 are provided to compare, as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 233,385 people,84,800 households, and 61,198 families residing in the county. The population density was 353.5 inhabitants per square mile, there were 90,136 housing units at an average density of 136.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 81. 5% white,8. 6% black or African American,3. 8% Asian,0. 3% American Indian,2. 9% from other races, and 2. 8% from two or more races. The total of those self-identifying as Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7. 3%, and those persons who were white alone made up 77. 8% of the population. In terms of ancestry,26. 3% were German,17. 4% were Irish,12. 1% were English,7. 2% were Italian, the average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17. The median age was 38.6 years, the median income for a household in the county was $81,686 and the median income for a family was $95,036
2. Garrett County, Maryland – Garrett County is the westernmost county of the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 30,097, the county was named for John Work Garrett, president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Created from Allegany County, Maryland in 1872, it was the last Maryland county to be formed, Garrett County has long been part of the media market of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is considered to be a part of Western Maryland, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is to the north. The Maryland–Pennsylvania boundary was surveyed and marked between April 1765 and October 1767 by astronomer Charles Mason and surveyor Jeremiah Dixon and this boundary is commonly known as the Mason–Dixon line. The eastern border with Allegany County was defined by the Bauer Report, submitted to Governor Lloyd Lowndes, the Potomac River and State of West Virginia lie to the south and west. Garrett County lies in the Allegheny Mountains, which form the western flank of the Appalachian Mountain Range. Hoye-Crest, a summit along Backbone Mountain, is the highest point in Maryland, the Eastern Continental Divide runs along portions of Backbone Mountain. The western part of the county, drained by the Youghiogheny River, is the part of Maryland within the Mississippi River drainage basin. All other parts of the county are in the Chesapeake Bay basin, Garrett County contains over 76,000 acres of parks, lakes, and publicly accessible forestland. Garrett County is part of Marylands 6th congressional district, the extreme south of the county lies within the United States National Radio Quiet Zone. In the early 20th century, the railroad and tourism started to decline, coal mining and timber production continued at a much slower pace. Today, tourism has made a rebound in the county with logging and farming making up the greatest part of the economic base. Due to a climate and lack of any large city. The County is governed by an elected Board of County Commissioners, the Board is the traditional form of county government in Maryland and may exercise only such powers as are conferred by the General Assembly of Maryland. The County is administered under a line organizational method, with the County Administrator responsible for the administration of County Government. The county is part of Marylands 6th congressional district and is the most Republican in the state, the Republican candidate for President has won in each of the last thirteen elections. In 2008, John McCain carried Garrett County by a 40. 2% margin over Barack Obama, on December 15,1977, the seal of Garrett County went into effect by virtue of Resolution #7
3. Washington County, Maryland – Washington County is a county located in the western part of the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 147,430, Washington County was the first county in the United States to be named for the Revolutionary War general George Washington. Washington County is one of three Maryland counties recognized by the Appalachian Regional Commission as being part of Appalachia, the county borders southern Pennsylvania to the north, Northern Virginia to the south, and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia to the south and west. The western portions of Maryland were incorporated into Prince Georges County in 1696 and this original county included six current counties. The first to be created was Frederick, separated from Prince Georges County in 1748, Washington County was formed on September 6,1776, by the division of Frederick County. Washington County as created included land later to become Allegany County, Washington County thus originally included the entire western part of the state. A number of properties in the county are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 467 square miles. Washington County is located in the Appalachian Mountains, stretching from the Ridge-and-Valley Country in the west to South Mountain in the east, currently, Greg Murray serves as the Administrator. However, Washington Countys County Commissioners exercise executive powers as they exist in the government of the county, the County Commissioners in Washington County comprise the traditional form of county government in Maryland. Current members include, Terry Baker, President, John F. Barr, Vice-President and LeRoy E. Myers, Jeffrey A. Cline, Washington County is represented by two senators in the Maryland State Senate. Edwards, serves the 1st district in Maryland and Andrew A. Serafini, the county also is represented in Maryland General Assemblys other primary division, the Maryland House of Delegates. Delegates who stand for Washington County include, Mike McKay for District 1C, Neil Parrot and William Wivell for District 2A, the county is located within Marylands 6th congressional district. The representative of the district currently is John Delaney, as of the census of 2010, there were 147,430 people,49,726 households, and 34,112 families residing in the county. The population density was 315 people per square mile, there were 52,972 housing units at an average density of 116 per square mile. 1. 19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, in the Census 2000,32. 1% identified as being of German ancestry,21. 4% American,8. 8% Irish, and 8. 4% English ancestry. 26. 00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.96. In the county, the population was out with 23. 40% under the age of 18,8. 10% from 18 to 24,31. 30% from 25 to 44,23. 00% from 45 to 64
4. Montgomery County, Maryland – Montgomery County, officially the County of Montgomery, is a county in the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 971,777 and it is the most populous county in Maryland. The county seat and largest municipality is Rockville, although the place of Germantown is the most populous place. Montgomery County is included in the Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, as one of the most affluent counties in the United States, it also has the highest percentage of residents over 25 years of age who hold post-graduate degrees. In 2011, it was ranked by Forbes as the 10th richest in the United States, the Maryland state legislature named Montgomery County after Richard Montgomery, the county was created from lands that had at one point or another been part of Frederick County. The name use of Montgomery and Washington County were seen as further defiance to Great Britain during the American Revolutionary War, the countys nickname of MoCo is derived from Montgomery County, after the pattern of SoHo, Manhattan. The countys motto, adopted in 1976, is Gardez Bien, the countys motto is also the motto of its namesakes family. Before European immigration, the now known as Montgomery County was covered in a vast swath of forest crossed by the creeks and small streams that feed the Potomac. A few small villages of the Piscataway, members of the Algonquian people, were scattered across the southern portions of the county. Captain John Smith of the English settlement at Jamestown was probably the first European to explore the area, during his travels along the Potomac River and throughout the Chesapeake region. These lands were claimed by Europeans for the first time when George Calvert and he and other early claimants had no intention of settling their families. They were little more than speculators, securing grants from the colonial leadership, thus, it was not until approximately 1715 that the first British settlers began building farms and plantations in the area. Most of these settlers were small farmers, growing wheat. Many of the farmers owned slaves and they transported the tobacco they grew to market through the Potomac River port of Georgetown. Sparsely settled, the farms and taverns were nonetheless of strategic importance as access to the interior. General Edward Braddocks army traveled through the county on the way to its disastrous defeat at Fort Duquesne during the French, like other regions of the American colonies, the region that is now Montgomery County saw protests against British taxation in the years before the American Revolution. In 1774, local residents met at Hungerfords Tavern and agreed to break off commerce with Great Britain, following the signing of the Declaration of Independence, representatives of the area helped to draft the new state constitution and began to build a Maryland free of proprietary control. The leaders of the new county chose as their county seat an area adjacent to Hungerfords Tavern near the center of the county, the newly formed Montgomery County supplied arms, food and forage for the Continental Army during the Revolution, in addition to soldiers
5. Prince George's County, Maryland – Prince George’s County, also known as P. G. County, is a county in the U. S. state of Maryland, bordering the eastern portion of Washington, D. C. As of the 2010 U. S. Census, the population was 863,420 and its county seat is Upper Marlboro. Prince George’s County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, the official name of the county, as specified in the countys charter, is Prince George’s County, Maryland. The county is named after Prince George of Denmark, the husband of Anne, Queen of Great Britain, the countys demonym is Prince Georgian and its motto is Semper Eadem, a phrase used by Queen Anne. Prince Georges County is frequently referred to as P. G. or P. G, County, an abbreviation viewed as pejorative by some residents. The Cretaceous Era brought dinosaurs to the area left a number of fossils. The site, which among other finds has yielded fossilized teeth from Astrodon and Priconodon species, has called the most prolific in the eastern United States. In the mid to late Holocene era, the area was occupied by Paleo-Native Americans and then later, when the first European settlers arrived, what is now Prince Georges County was inhabited by people of the Piscataway Indian Nation. Three branches of the tribe are living today, two of which are headquartered in Prince Georges County. Prince Georges County was created by the English Council of Maryland in the Province of Maryland in 1696 from portions of Charles, the county was divided into six districts referred to as Hundreds, Mattapany, Petuxant, Collington, Mount Calvert, Piscattoway and New Scotland. A portion was detached in 1748 to form Frederick County, during the War of 1812, the British marched through the county by way of Bladensburg to burn the White House. On their return, they kidnapped a prominent doctor, William Beanes, lawyer Francis Scott Key was asked to negotiate for his release, which resulted in his writing The Star-Spangled Banner. Since much of the part of the county was tobacco farms that were worked by enslaved Africans. After the Civil War, many African Americans attempted to become part of Maryland politics, in April 1865, John Wilkes Booth made his escape through Prince Georges County after shooting President Abraham Lincoln. He was on his way to Virginia, the population of African Americans declined during the first half of the 20th century, but was renewed to over 50% in the early 1990s when the county again became majority African American. The first African American County Executive was Wayne K. Curry and this was done after city residents voted to be under the sole jurisdiction of Montgomery County, and subsequent approval by both counties and the Maryland General Assembly. This was the first change in Prince Georges Countys boundaries since 1968, the county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places
6. St. Mary's County, Maryland – Saint Marys County, established in 1637, is a county located in the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 105,151, the name is in honor of the Catholic saint Mary, the mother of Jesus as told in the Bible. St. Marys County comprises the California-Lexington Park, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area and it is part of the Southern Maryland region. The county was the home to the first Maryland Colony, settled by English Catholics, it is considered to be the birthplace of religious freedom in North America, at a time when the British colonies were settled primarily by Protestants. It is also home to the Patuxent River Naval Air Station, St. Marys County has been traditionally known for its unique and historic culture of Chesapeake Bay tidewater farming, fishing and crabbing communities. The settlement of Lord Baltimores Maryland began with the arrival of passengers from England at St. Clements Island in the Potomac River in what is now southwestern St. Marys County on March 25,1634. The passengers arrived in two vessels, the Ark and the Dove, which had set sail from the Isle of Wight on November 22,1633, the county is also home to the first Catholic Mass celebrated in one of the original thirteen colonies -after theyd become English colonies. Due to the size of the Island, and its lack of resources. Instead it was used as a base for the settlers while scouting for a suitable site. This was how a bluff overlooking the nearby St. Marys River was chosen for numerous reasons and it would soon be named St. Marys City. St. Marys City, Maryland is the site of the first Maryland Capitol and remained so for over 50 years until 1695, today Historic St. Marys City is a major attraction in Maryland with four museums, a reconstructed colonial village and the reconstructed Maryland Dove settlers ship. It is also now one of the top archeological research sites in North America, St. Marys County was the first county established in Maryland, in 1637, probably by an order of the Governor. There is a statue in St. Marys City commemorating this event, along with museums, a reconstructed Colonial town, living history actors. St. Marys County is where Francis Scott Key, the author of a poem which became The Star Spangled Banner, St. Marys County was the birthplace of Dashiell Hammett, and Orlando Tubby Smith, head basketball coach at Texas Tech. The largest employer is Patuxent River Naval Air Station and its related aerospace contract firms, there are both Amish and Mennonite communities who follow traditional ways. Tobacco, once dominant crop, has declined in recent years, the Maryland International Raceway attracts many auto racing enthusiasts. St. Marys County has some of the oldest still-standing buildings in English North America, many of these of properties are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. These buildings range through many periods, starting from the 1600s and running through the 1700s, 1800s
7. Allegany County, Maryland – Allegany County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 75,087, the name Allegany may come from a local Lenape word, welhik hane or oolikhanna, which means best flowing river of the hills or beautiful stream. A number of counties in the Appalachian region of the US are named Allegany, Allegheny, Allegany County is part of the Cumberland, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is a part of the Western Maryland panhandle, the western part of Maryland was originally part of Prince Georges County when Maryland was formed in 1696. This county included six current counties, and by repeated splitting, new ones were generated, Frederick from Prince Georges in 1748, Allegany County was formed in 1789 by the splitting of Washington County. At the time it was the westernmost county in Maryland, but a split in 1872 produced Garrett County, prior to 1789, the Virginia Commonwealth claimed the area of present-day Garrett and Allegheny Counties, of Maryland. A 1771-1780 map of Virginias counties, shows Hampshire County, when conducting genealogical research, it is possible to find tax records for Hampshire County, Virginia included in Maryland records, and Maryland records in Hampshire County. Ref. Virginia Counties Map of 1771-1780, Henry Howes 1845 History of Virginia, the county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places. Allegany County is often referred to as Where the South Begins, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 430 square miles, of which 424 square miles is land and 5.8 square miles is water. Allegany County lies primarily in the Ridge-and-Valley Country of the Appalachian Mountains, the western part of the county contains a portion of the steep Allegheny Front, which marks the transition to the higher-elevation Appalachian Plateau and Allegheny Mountain region. The town of Frostburg is located west of the Front at an elevation of nearly 2,100 feet above sea level, while the county seat of Cumberland, the population density was 176 people per square mile. There were 32,984 housing units at a density of 78 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93. 02% White,5. 35% Black or African American,0. 15% Native American,0. 52% Asian,0. 03% Pacific Islander,0. 19% from other races, and 0. 75% from two or more races. 0. 76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,29. 0% were of German,16. 7% US or American,12. 8% Irish,10. 7% English and 5. 3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 30. 10% of all households were made up of individuals and 15. 20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.90. In the county, the population was out with 20. 60% under the age of 18,11. 20% from 18 to 24,26. 80% from 25 to 44,23. 50% from 45 to 64. The median age was 39 years, for every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.90 males, the median income for a household in the county was $30,821, and the median income for a family was $39,886
8. Charles County, Maryland – Charles County is a county located in the southern central portion of the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 146,551, the county seat is La Plata. The county was named for Charles Calvert, third Baron Baltimore, Charles County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Southern Maryland region. Charles County was created in 1658 by an Order in Council, there was also an earlier Charles County from 1650 to 1653, sometimes referred to in historic documents as Old Charles County. In April 1865, John Wilkes Booth made his escape through Charles County after shooting President Abraham Lincoln and he was on his way to Virginia. On April 28,2002, a cut through the County. The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places, among which, are the distinguished Green Park and the historical Pleasant Hill, home of the Green and Spalding Families. On December 4,2004, an arson took place in the development of Hunters Brooke which is located a few miles southeast of Indian Head and it later became the largest residential arson in the history of the state of Maryland. Charles County is reliably Democratic, although not as overwhelmingly so as other parts of Marylands Washington, Charles County is governed by county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in Maryland. As of 2015, they are, Charles County is entirely located within the 5th Congressional District, which also includes Calvert, St. Marys, the current representative is Democratic House Minority Whip Steny H. Hoyer. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 643 square miles. In its western wing, along the southernmost bend in Maryland Route 224, Charles County contains an instance where the traveler is due north, east, south. Thomas Stone National Historic Site As of the census of 2000, there were 120,546 people,41,668 households, the population density was 262 people per square mile. There were 43,903 housing units at a density of 95 per square mile. 2. 26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,11. 6% were of German,10. 8% Irish,10. 2% English,9. 3% American and 5. 3% Italian ancestry. 17. 20% of all households were made up of individuals and 5. 20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.21. In the county, the population was out with 28. 70% under the age of 18,7. 60% from 18 to 24,33. 20% from 25 to 44,22. 70% from 45 to 64. The median age was 35 years, for every 100 females there were 95.50 males