The Hotel Green was in Pasadena, southern California. The hotel was built in 1893 by George Gill Green, and was expanded by him with two additional buildings in 1898 and 1903, creating a complex of three structures. The Hotel Green was the home of the Valley Hunt Club, Hotel Green, designed by Los Angeles-based architect Frederick Roehrig in 1893, was the first of the three buildings. The second building in the complex was known as the Central Annex. Green added an annex in 1903, known as the Wooster Block. Construction on a hotel was initiated in 1887 by developer Edward C, between Raymond Avenue and the Santa Fe Railroad tracks. Webster built a new Santa Fe Railroad station next to his site, for easy food. Webster went bankrupt before finishing his hotel, George Gill Green acquired the unfinished building, doubled the size and completed the hotel in 1893. The newly expanded hotel, named the Hotel Green, opened for business in 1894, Hotel Green acquired a reputation as a luxury hotel. Pasadena historian Henry Markham Page described it as the first fine hotel in Pasadena, the hotel hosted society events such as receptions for significant visitors and the Valley Hunt Clubs annual ball.
In addition, the hotel contributed to Pasadenas economy and population, lodgers at the hotel were credited with spending large amounts of money at Pasadena businesses, and many tourists ultimately decided to live in Pasadena. The new building, to known as Castle Green, was on a full city block but was set back from the streets. They became Pasadenas only public park at the time, the hotel continued to grow in popularity with the new Central Annex. Its pedestrian bridge to the hotel over Raymond Avenue became a popular viewing site for the Rose Parade. In 1903 Green added an annex, known as the Wooster Block. It incorporated a building constructed in 1887, which had been part of the original site of the California Institute of Technology. Green planned to add a fourth annex, before running short on money for construction, daniel M. Linnard bought the hotel from George Gill Green in 1914. The hotels business declined after this point, as the rise of automobile travel took away its market of Santa Fe Railroad passengers at the adjacent train station, the original 1894 Hotel Green building on the east side of Raymond Avenue was sold in 1920
Orcutt Ranch Horticulture Center
The Orcutt Ranch Horticulture Center, formally known as Rancho Sombra del Roble, is a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument located in the West Hills section of Los Angeles, California, USA. The Rancho Sombra del Roble, Spanish for Ranch of the Shaded Oak, was originally a 210-acre cattle ranch, Orcutt bought the property in 1917, and hired architect L. G. Knipe to design his home on the ranch, the 3, 060-square-foot residence, in the blend of Spanish Colonial Revival Style and Mission Revival Style architecture, was completed in approximately 1926. It features glazed tiles from Mexico and carved mahogany and walnut from the Philippines, visitors are surprised to find that the design of the home prominently incorporates bas-relief Swastika architectural decoration. Mary Orcutt, Williams wife, chose the symbol due to its connection with Native American traditions, president Herbert Hoover, who was a friend of the Orcutts, visited the ranch. A 24-acre portion of the estate, including the residence, oaks.
Those 24 acres were purchased by the City of Los Angeles in 1966 for $400,000, for 53 years, Ernest Conrejo was employed as the propertys caretaker and gardener. Cornejo was hired at age 17 to plant and tend to the trees and plants. The Los Angeles Recreation and Parks Department operates Orcutt Ranch, which is available to be rented for special events and it is opened up for popular public fruit picks
Pasadena City Hall
In 1923, the people of Pasadena approved a bond measure issuing $3.5 million towards the development of a civic center. City Hall was to be the element of this center. The San Francisco architecture firm of Bakewell and Brown designed City Hall and it was completed on December 27,1927 at a cost of $1.3 million. It measures 361 feet by 242 feet, and rises 6 stories, there are over 235 rooms and passageways that cover over 170,000 square feet. The defining dome, located above the west entrance, is 26 feet tall and 54 feet in diameter, on July 28,1980 the Civic Center District, including Pasadena City Hall, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as listing #80000813. The City Hall has long been a shooting location for filmmakers. The courtyard was used in the 1995 movie A Walk in the Clouds to portray a Napa Valley town square and it has been used as an embassy in the Mission, Impossible television series, and a villa in Charlie Chaplins Oscar-nominated 1940 film The Great Dictator.
Pasadena City Hall served as the city hall of fictional Pawnee, Indiana, in the television show Parks, the dome is visible through the window of the main characters apartment building in the television show The Big Bang Theory, set in Pasadena. From a distance, Pasadena City Hall has always looked as though it has withstood the test of time, the building was showing signs of age by the late 20th century. The 1920s building did not meet building codes, and studies indicated that a major earthquake could destroy several parts of the building. The concrete walls had many deep cracks, and two of the towers had considerable damage. There was damage from years of storms with little to no repair. An effort to rehabilitate the building began in the late 1990s, led by Architectural Resources Group of San Francisco. In July 2004, the building was vacated in order to allow for an overhaul of the structure. To help ensure it would withstand future earthquake activity, the building was lifted off its foundation, equipped with structural base isolators, the renovation of Pasadena City Hall earned a LEED Gold certification.
Following construction, staff moved back starting in April 2007 and City Hall was fully operational again by July, although the renovation has been among the costliest public works projects in Pasadena, city officials decided that they couldnt risk losing the landmark in another quake. The building is featured extensively in NBCs Parks and Recreation as the exterior of Pawnee City Hall, the building featured in the last episode of Jericho, it was used as the City Hall of Cheyenne, Wyoming
William Andrews Clark Memorial Library
It is located about ten miles from UCLA, in the West Adams district of Los Angeles, and two miles west of the University of Southern California. However, any reader with a serious interest in the collection is welcome to study, the heart of the Clarks academic activity is its core programs, a series of interdisciplinary events developed around a common theme. Core programs may range from three or four consecutive workshops to a series spanning a year or more, with a complement of symposia, graduate seminars. The core programs are organized each year by the current Clark Professor or Professors, the library and its collections were built by William Andrews Clark, Jr. in memoriam of his father, U. S. Senator William Andrews Clark, Sr. who amassed a fortune in Montana, Arizona. Clark Jr. a prominent collector and philanthropist, originally had a mansion at the corner of Adams Boulevard and Cimarron, the current library, designed by architect Robert D. Farquhar, was constructed from 1924 to 1926 on the same site.
After its completion, Clark Jr. announced his intent to donate the collection, the buildings, the deed, along with a $1.5 million endowment, was transferred upon his death in 1934. It was UCLAs first major bequest, and still one of the most generous in the universitys history, in 2009, nuclear physicist Paul Chrzanowski donated his collection of 72 Shakespeare books, published between 1479 and 1731, to the Clark Library. The early 20th century ushered in a heyday of American book collecting, William Andrews Clark, Jr. along with other moneyed bibliophiles such as J. Paul Getty, Henry E. Huntington and Henry Clay Folger, first began forming his library during this period. Initially, Clark collected a broad array of English imprints, in time, Clark began to concentrate his collecting on English literature of the 17th and 18th centuries, particularly in the Restoration, which defines the strengths of the Clark Library today. Eventually, Clark developed a collection of Oscar Wilde books. The library continues to collect in this field, as of 2006, the collection contains over 110,000 rare books and 22,000 manuscripts, in addition to an extensive reference collection of modern books and microfilm.
The Clark Library is one of the most extensive for British literature, among its most valuable collections are the scientific works of Isaac Newton, Robert Boyle, Edmond Halley, John Evelyn, and Sir Kenelm Digby. The Library holds theological and philosophical collections of Thomas Cartwright, Protestant theology, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, perhaps the Librarys most valuable and extensive collection is the work by and relating to Oscar Wilde. It is considered the most comprehensive collection of its kind in the world, Clark originally purchased Wilde manuscripts from Wildes son, Vyvyan Holland, among others. Today, the collection includes photographs, original portraits, playbills, most of the important Wilde studies in recent years have drawn heavily upon the Clarks resources. Several types of fellowships are offered for graduate and postdoctoral scholars to study at the Clark Library, among the most prestigious are the Ahmanson-Getty Fellowship, Andrew W. All fellowships are administered by UCLAs Center for Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Studies, each fellowship varies in stipend and qualification
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
The Adamson House and its associated land, which was known as Vaquero Hill in the nineteenth century, is a historic house and gardens in Malibu, California. The residence and estate is on the coast, within Malibu Lagoon State Beach park and it has been called the Taj Mahal of Tile due to its extensive use of decorative ceramic tiles created by Rufus Keeler of Malibu Potteries. The house was built in 1929 for Rhoda Rindge Adamson and Merritt Huntley Adamson, based on a Mediterranean Revival design by Stiles O. Clements of the firm of Morgan. The Adamson House was designated as California Historical Landmark No.966 around 1977, the Rindge Ranch thus encompassed present day Malibu and small portions of the Santa Monica Mountains. His daughter was Rhoda Agatha Rindge Adamson, Merritt Adamson was a graduate of the University of Southern California Law School and was the captain of the 1912 football team, the first USC team to be known as the Trojans. Adamson met Rhoda Rindge while he was employed as the foreman of the Rindge Ranch, Rhoda Rindge reportedly became interested in him when she helped to nurse him back to good health after he was injured in an accident.
The couple was married in 1915, in 1916 Adamson established a dairy business in the San Fernando Valley, in Tarzana known as Adohr Farms, the name representing his wifes name spelled backwards. The business became one of the countrys largest dairies, operating one of the largest herds of Guernsey cows in the world, the two-story, ten-room Adamson House was designed by Stiles O. Clements and built of steel-reinforced concrete. Completed in 1930, Stiles called the house an example of modified Mediterranean Revival-style architecture. Architectural historians refer to the style as a synthesis of Spanish Colonial Revival, the main floor is dominated by a large living room with windows on three sides. The room is furnished as it was when the Adamsons lived there. There are four bedrooms and a small kitchenette upstairs, the master bedroom, where Mr. and Mrs. Adamson slept, is on the southwest corner of the house. It has a large tiled bathroom, and Mrs. Adamsons clothes, next to the master bedroom is the one designed for the Adamsons son, its bathroom has detailed tiles depicting ships and nautical scenes.
The girls bedroom in the center facing the ocean has a view of the ocean. These three bedrooms open onto a large upstairs patio with the homes most spectacular view of the ocean, the Malibu lagoon. The fourth bedroom upstairs is at the end of the second floor. The Los Angeles Times in 1930 noted that the features made the plunge one of the finest in the southland. Adamson House is best known for its use of locally produced Malibu tile
Ganna Walska Lotusland, known as Lotusland, is a non-profit botanical garden located in Montecito, near Santa Barbara, United States. The garden is the estate of Madame Ganna Walska. The County of Santa Barbara restricts visitation via a conditional use permit, Lotusland botanic garden is open to the public by reservation only. Ralph Kinton Stevens purchased the land in 1882, he and his wife, Caroline Lucy Tallant and they established a lemon and palm nursery and eventually added other tropical plants to the collection and were among the early plantsmen of Santa Barbara. In 1916 the estate was sold to the Gavit family, from Albany, New York and they added landscape elements, garden structures, and the main residence designed in 1919 by Reginald Johnson in the Mediterranean Revival style. In 1921–1927 they commissioned additional landcape buildings and alterations to the residence in the Spanish Colonial Revival style from George Washington Smith and his work includes the water garden pool house and the distinctive pink walls of the estate.
The gardens were created over four decades by opera singer Madame Ganna Walska and she was assisted in landscape planning and garden design by Peter Riedel, Ralph Stevens, Lockwood DeForest, and Joseph Knowles. The garden was opened to the public in 1993, here bromeliads cover the ground between large coast live oaks. Other notable plants include a branched pygmy date palm, Trithrinax brasiliensis palms, featuring varieties of flowering plants that support butterflies and other insects. Featuring a collection of columnar cacti begun in 1929 by Merritt Dunlap, over 500 plants, representing about 300 different species of cacti in geographically organized groups. Notable specimens include species of Opuntia from the Galapagos Islands, Armatocereus from Peru, accent plants include Fouquieria columnaris, dry-growing bromeliads and several Agave species. The garden was designed by Eric Nagelmann and opened in 2004, a recent addition in 2014 completed Nagelmanns design. A collection of cacti and euphorbias, including a mass of golden barrel cacti and large, Lotusland has over 900 specimens of cycads, with nine of the eleven living genera and more than half of the known species represented.
The collection includes three Encephalartos woodii, among the world’s rarest cycads and extinct in the wild, featuring many types of ferns, such as Australian Tree Ferns and giant staghorn ferns. Other shade-loving plants such as angel trumpet tree, calla lily, clivia hybrids, a small Shinto shrine surrounded by Sugi, Coast Redwood, a wisteria arbor, Japanese Maples, camellias and several species of pine pruned in the Niwaki style. Citrus orchard Deciduous orchard, with 100 fruit trees and olive trees from the 1880s, formal planting beds and brick walkways with two central water features. Plantings include hedges, floribunda roses, and day lilies, a variety of succulents including Madagascar Palm, Fouquieria, Echeveria, Haworthia and Sansevieria. Featuring a horticultural clock 25 feet in diameter, bordered by Senecio mandraliscae, a maze
Mediterranean Revival architecture
Structures are typically based on a rectangular floor plan, and feature massive, symmetrical primary façades. Stuccoed walls, red tiled roofs, windows in the shape of arches or circles, ornamentation may be simple or dramatic. The style was most commonly applied to hotels, apartment buildings, commercial structures, architects August Geiger and Addison Mizner were foremost in Florida, while Bertram Goodhue, Sumner Spaulding, and Paul Williams were in California. Petersburg, completed in 1925 Snell Arcade in St. Petersburg, santa Fe Coast Lines Depots, Los Angeles Division. Mediterranean Domestic Architecture for the United States, hawthorne Printing Company, New York, NY. Southern Pacific Lines, Pacific Lines Stations, Volume 1, southern Pacific Historical and Technical Society, Pasadena, CA. Nylander, Justin A. Casas to Castles, Floridas Historic Mediterranean Revival Architecture
Santa Ana Regional Transportation Center
Santa Ana Regional Transportation Center is a passenger rail station and transportation center in Santa Ana, California. It is used by Amtraks Pacific Surfliner and Metrolinks Orange County Line and it is a Greyhound station and a hub for the Orange County Transportation Authority bus system as well as a terminal for several Mexican bus tour companies. When the station opened on September 7,1985, it was the largest new rail station built in the United States since the completion of the New Orleans Union Passenger Terminal circa 1955. The center was erected on the site of a former Atchison and Santa Fe Railway combination depot that had constructed in 1939. The station, which cost approximately $17 million, was funded by the U. S. Department of Transportation, California Department of Transportation, and city. Features include red barrel roof tiles, colonnades, exterior walls finished to resemble stucco, the last scene in the movie Rain Man, starring Dustin Hoffman and Tom Cruise, was filmed at the Santa Ana Regional Transportation Center.
Its exterior and interior were the setting of a scene in the second season finale of True Detective on August 9,2015. In FY2010 Santa Ana was the 22nd-busiest of Amtraks 73 California stations, southbound Track 2 and northbound Track 1 connect via a pedestrian bridge with stairs and elevators. Descending the stairs towards Track 2 offers views of the transportation center, station tracks are separated by a safety barrier that blocks surface movement. Santa Fe Coast Lines Depots, Los Angeles Division
Mills College is a liberal arts and sciences college located in the San Francisco Bay Area. Mills was founded as the Young Ladies Seminary in 1852 in Benicia, the school was relocated to Oakland, California, in 1871, and became the first womens college west of the Rockies. Currently, Mills is a womens college with graduate programs for women and men. The college offers more than 60 undergraduate majors and minors and over 25 graduate degrees, the college is home to the Mills College School of Education and the Lorry I. Lokey Graduate School of Business & Public Policy, in 1865, Susan Tolman Mills, a graduate of Mount Holyoke College, and her husband, Cyrus Mills, bought the Young Ladies Seminary renaming it Mills Seminary. In 1871, the school was moved to Oakland, the school became Mills College in 1885. In 1890, after serving for decades as principal, Susan Mills became the president of the college, beginning in 1906 the seminary classes were progressively eliminated. In 1921, Mills granted its first masters degrees, on May 3,1990, the Trustees announced that they had voted to admit male undergraduate students to Mills.
This decision led to a student and staff strike, accompanied by numerous displays of non-violent protests by the students. At one point, nearly 300 students blockaded the administrative offices, on May 18, the Trustees met again to reconsider the decision, leading finally to a reversal of the vote. In 2014, Mills became the first single-sex college in the U. S. to adopt a policy explicitly welcoming transgender students, Mills offers more than 60 undergraduate majors and minors across the arts and sciences, as well as the option to design your own college major. The school runs on a system, with optional winter and summer sessions. As of the 2014-2015 academic years, Mills’ top 5 most popular majors are, Nursing, Psychology and Political, the engineering program in conjunction with University of Southern California is a five-year program, with the first three years completed at Mills. After completing the program, students will have received a BA from Mills, available tracks include biomedical, computer, electrical and industrial systems engineering.
Undergraduate students can participate in one of eight bachelors-to-masters accelerated degree programs, which students to earn an undergraduate. Mills is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges, rated by Washington Monthly in their 2014 Top Master’s Universities study, Mills ranked 8th out of 100 institutions when considering Social Mobility and Service. The school’s graduate program offers over 25 degrees and these include unique programs in Bio-chemistry, Book Art, Interdisciplinary Computer Science, Infant Mental Health, and Pre-Medical studies, as well as groundbreaking joint-degree programs. Currently the school’s top 5 most popular programs are, Business Administration, Pre-Med, English
The Mission Inn Hotel & Spa
The Mission Inn, now known as The Mission Inn Hotel & Spa, is a historic landmark hotel in downtown Riverside, California. Although a composite of many styles, it is generally considered the largest Mission Revival Style building in the United States. Mission Inn Hotel & Spa is a member of Historic Hotels of America, the property began as a small cottage hotel called the Glenwood Hotel, built by civil engineer Christopher Columbus Miller in 1876. In 1902, Millers son Frank Augustus Miller changed the name to the Mission Inn and started building, in a variety of styles, Millers vision for the eclectic structure was drawn from many historical design periods, revivals and styles. With one section over another, addition upon addition, the result is a complicated and intricately built structure, part of the complexity is an unexpected change of scale as Miller tailored certain portions of the property for his short sister. Another reason for the complexity is the variety of architectural styles, during the 30-year construction period Miller traveled the world, collecting treasures to bring back to the hotel for display.
The various museum-quality artifacts on the property have a value of over $5 million. The St. Francis Chapel houses four large, stained-glass windows, the windows were salvaged from the Madison Square Presbyterian Church and the chapel purpose built to house them. The Mexican-Baroque styled Rayas Altar is 25 feet tall by 16 feet across, carved from cedar, for his Garden of Bells, Miller collected over 800 bells, including one dating from the year 1247 described as the oldest bell in Christendom. In 1932, Frank Miller opened the St. Francis Atrio containing the Famous Fliers’ Wall, on March 20,1942, World War I ace Eddie Rickenbacker was honored at the Inn, becoming the fifty-seventh flier added to the monument. Today,151 fliers or groups of fliers are honored by having their signatures etched onto 10-inch-wide copper wings attached to the wall, Frank Miller died in 1935 and the Inn continued under the management of his daughter and son-in-law, Allis and DeWitt Hutchings, who died in 1956. The Inn went through a series of changes and some of its older rooms were converted to apartments.
In the early 1960s, St. Johns College considered buying it as a location for its western campus, the hotel was acquired by the Carley Capital Group and was closed for renovations in 1985 at a cost of $55 million. Newly discovered structural problems cost more than expected and caused the company to fall behind on payments to a New York bank. This caused work on the completed hotel to be halted. In December 1992, the Inn was sold to Duane R. Roberts, Roberts completed the renovations and it was reopened to the public shortly thereafter. With its widely varying styles, the Mission Inn was designed by multiple architects, Frank Miller selected Arthur B. Benton to design the original building. Miller chose Myron Hunt to design the Spanish Wing added to the rear of the main building and he hired G. Stanley Wilson to design the St. Francis Chapel