Category:Members of the 23rd Parliament of Turkey
Pages in category "Members of the 23rd Parliament of Turkey"
The following 110 pages are in this category, out of 110 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 110 pages are in this category, out of 110 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Grand National Assembly of Turkey – The Grand National Assembly of Turkey, usually referred to simply as the TBMM or Parliament, is the unicameral Turkish legislature. It is the body given the legislative prerogatives by the Turkish Constitution. It was founded in Ankara on 23 April 1920 in the midst of the Turkish War of Independence. The parliament was fundamental in the efforts of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey has had a history of parliamentary government before the establishment of the current national parliament. There were two parliamentary governments during the Ottoman period in what is now Turkey, the First Constitutional Era lasted for only two years, elections being held only twice. The Second Constitutional Era is considered to have begun on 23 July 1908, freedom to hold meetings and establish political parties was recognized, and the government was held responsible to the assembly, not to the sultan. During the two eras of the Ottoman Empire, the Ottoman parliament was called the General Assembly of the Ottoman Empire and was bicameral. The upper house was the Senate of the Ottoman Empire, the members of which were selected by the sultan, the lower chamber of the General Assembly was the Chamber of Deputies of the Ottoman Empire, the members of which were elected by the general public. After World War I, the victorious Allied Powers sought the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire through the Treaty of Sèvres, the political existence of the Turkish nation was to be completely eliminated under these plans, except for a small region. Nationalist Turkish sentiment rose in the Anatolian peninsula, engendering the establishment of the Turkish national movement, the political developments during this period have made a lasting impact which continues to affect the character of the Turkish nation. The Sultanate was abolished by the newly founded parliament in 1922 and he also stated that the members of the dispersed Ottoman Chamber of Deputies could also participate in the assembly in Ankara, to increase the representative power of the parliament. These elections were held as planned, in the style of the elections of the preceding Chamber of Deputies and this Grand National Assembly, established on national sovereignty, held its inaugural session on 23 April 1920. From this date until the end of the Turkish War of Independence in 1923, the Liberal Party was dissolved on 17 November 1930 and no further attempt at a multiparty democracy was made until 1945. The multi-party period in Turkey was resumed by the founding of the National Development Party, by Nuri Demirağ, under the constitution of 1961, the Grand National Assembly was a bicameral parliament with over 600 members, the newly established upper house being the Senate of the Republic. Following the 1980 military coup, the Senate was dissolved and the Turkish parliament again became unicameral under the current constitution approved in a referendum in 1982. To avoid a hung parliament and its political fragmentation, a party must win at least 10% of the national vote to qualify for representation in the parliament. As a result of this threshold, only two won seats in the legislature after the 2002 elections and three in 2007. The 2002 elections saw every party represented in the previous parliament ejected from the chamber and this rather high threshold has been internationally criticised, but a complaint with the European Court for Human Rights was turned down
2. Turkish general election, 2007 – The Turkish general election of 2007 was held on July 22,2007 to elect 550 members to the Grand National Assembly. The election was the 22nd general election to be held in the history of the Turkish Republic, originally scheduled for November, the elections were pulled forward after Parliament failed to elect a new president to replace Ahmet Necdet Sezer. The result was a victory for the incumbent Justice and Development Party. The partys leader Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was consequently re-elected as Prime Minister of Turkey, the opposition Republican Peoples Party came second with 20. 9% of the vote and took 112 seats. Originally due to be held in November, the election was called early after the 2007 presidential election resulted in parliamentary deadlock, the controversy was largely caused due to the Turkish Presidencys symbolic role in safeguarding secularism. As required by the constitution, an early general election was called for 22 July 2007. Over 42 million people were eligible to vote in the election, According to a recent change in election law, the minimum age for candidates for parliament was reduced from 30 to 25. But due to the fact that laws do not take effect for one year after passage, Turkey, NATO, UN, United States and EU recognizes the Kurdistan Workers Party as a terrorist organization. With the exception of DTP all candidates in Van and Hakkari from CHP, MHP, DYP and AKP must annul themselves and our people must demonstrate their kurdishness in the elections. If any different approach develops, our approach will also be different, whoever continues the activities we mentioned here will be punished. Who ever damages our movement or our party will not be forgiven in any way and they should know that they are facing death According to Turkish election laws, a party must gain at least 10% of national vote to be represented in the Grand Assembly. Ostensibly, this law is aimed at preventing a highly fragmented parliament, many parties that failed to cross this threshold in the last election will seek a return to Parliament. As the 10% threshold requirement only holds for political parties, to bypass this requirement, on 13 May DTP announced that if they wanted to, they could lock up the elections by putting in five to ten thousand independent candidates. The next day in a statement, the Supreme Election Committee responded to DTPs threat by stating there is no issue. In a statement regarding some of the candidates in prison, DTP leader Türk said that hundreds of people support them, even though some are associated with murder cases. DTP leader Türk said, DTP took the decision to show people as candidates because Kurdish people see Ankara. Erdoğan, it is said, wants to divert the attention of the voters from local issues to theoretical and ideological ones by making the election a platform for the Presidential election, the capacity of Turkish higher educational institutions falls short compared to the number of high school graduates. The Higher Education Council is responsible from the planning, implementation and accreditation of higher education in Turkey, the Higher Education Council limits the number of the available educational institutions based on the available educators in the public sector
3. Deniz Baykal – Deniz Baykal is a Turkish politician from the Republican Peoples Party who served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1995 to 1996. Having served in government positions, Baykal led the CHP from 1992 to February 1995, from September 1995 to 1999. Between 2002 and 2010, he served as the Leader of the Opposition by virtue of leading the second largest party in Parliament. With the CHP shut down during the 1980 Turkish coup détat, Baykal was one of the leading members of the re-established CHP, which was founded again in 1992. He served as the leader until 1995, when the CHP and SHP merged during a convention. He was re-elected leader in September 1995, after which Baykal contested the 1995 general election and he served concurrently as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs between 1995 and 1996. Leading the CHP into a defeat in the 1999 general election. Regardless, he was re-elected as leader in 2000 and led the party to a success in the 2002 general election. He resigned as leader in 2010 after the release of a video of Baykals private relationship with another CHP MP, as the oldest MP in Parliament following the June 2015 general election, Baykal briefly served as the interim Speaker of the Grand National Assembly. He became interim parliamentary Speaker for a time on 17 November 2015 by virtue of being the oldest MP after the November 2015 general election. He was succeeded by the AKP MP İsmail Kahraman, who was elected Speaker on 22 November 2015, Baykal was born to Hüseyin Hilmi and Feride in Antalya. He was educated at the University of Ankara Faculty of Law and he later studied at the University of California, Berkeley and Columbia University as a Rockefeller scholar. Following this, he has completed his Ph. D. by 1963 at the University of Ankara Faculty of Political Science and he became an Associate Professor at the same faculty, where he lectured until 1973. Baykal first become involved in politics during the 1950s, having taken part in student movements opposing the Democratic Party government of Adnan Menderes, in the 1973 general election, he was elected as a CHP Member of Parliament for Antalya. At the time of his election, he was the youngest MP in Parliament, in the short-lived coalition government of Bülent Ecevit that had been formed with the Islamist National Salvation Party led by Necmettin Erbakan, Baykal become the Minister of Finance. His tenure would last under a year, with the partnership between the secular-orientated CHP and the Islamist-orientated MSP collapsing in November 1974. Baykal become the Minister of Energy and Natural Resources in the cabinet of Bülent Ecevit. The government had a vote of confidence in Parliament due to a loose coalition with independent MPs, the Democratic Party
4. Ali Babacan – Ali Babacan is a Turkish politician. He is member of the parliament and former Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey responsible for the Economy and he fırst served as the Minister of State in charge of economic affairs in the 58th cabinet from the Justice and Development Party. He retained this position throughout the 58th and 59th Governments of the Republic of Turkey, on August 29,2007, he was appointed as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the 60th Government of the Republic of Turkey. During 2009-2015 he served as the Deputy Prime Minister for Economic and he is married with three children. Babacan graduated from Ankara College ranking first among the class of 1985 and he attended the Middle East Technical University in Ankara and in 1989 was awarded a BSc in Industrial Engineering with the highest marks. He went to the U. S. Babacan worked then for two years as an associate at QRM, Inc. in Chicago, Illinois, a company doing financial consulting to the top executives of banks in the United States. He returned to Turkey in 1994 and, served as advisor to the mayor of Ankara the same year. He was the chairman of his family owned company between 1994 and 2002. He entered politics in 2001 as a co-founder and a Board member of the Justice and he was appointed Minister of Economy on November 18,2002 and became the youngest member of the cabinet, then at the age of 35. He stayed always away from the rough-and-tumble of the Turkish political arena and focused solely on the economic reform, acting rather as a technocrat without indulging into populism. On May 24,2005, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced his appointment as negotiator in Turkeys accession talks with the European Union. As government minister Babacan has attended several international meetings including the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, appearances on C-SPAN Ali Babacan on Charlie Rose Ali Babacan at the Internet Movie Database Biography at Biyografi. info Works by or about Ali Babacan in libraries