Alexandre Cabanel was a French painter born in Montpellier, Hérault. He painted historical and religious subjects in the academic style and he was well known as a portrait painter. According to Diccionario Enciclopedico Salvat, Cabanel is the best representative of the Lart pompier, Cabanel entered the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris at the age of seventeen, and studied with François-Édouard Picot. He exhibited at the Paris Salon for the first time in 1844, Cabanel was elected a member of the Institute in 1863. He was appointed professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1864 and he was closely connected to the Paris Salon, He was elected regularly to the Salon jury and his pupils could be counted by the hundred at the Salons. Through them, Cabanel did more than any other artist of his generation to form the character of belle époque French painting, Cabanel won the Grande Médaille dHonneur at the Salons of 1865,1867, and 1878. A successful academic painter, his 1863 painting The Birth of Venus is one of the best known examples of 19th-century academic painting, the picture was bought by the emperor Napoleon III, there is a smaller replica at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.
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Henri-Michel-Antoine Chapu was a French sculptor in a modified Neoclassical tradition who was known for his use of allegory in his works. Born in Le Mée-sur-Seine into modest circumstances, Chapu moved to Paris with his family, there his talents began to be recognized and he was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts in 1849. In 1850 he began working and studying with a well-known sculptor James Pradier, following Pradiers death in 1852 Chapu began studying with another sculptor, Francisque Duret. After coming in second in 1851, he won the Prix de Rome in 1855 and his statues Mercury of 1861 and Jeanne dArc of 1870 were his first big successes, and led to many commissions thereafter. He is known for his medals, and led the French revival in the medal as an artistic form, an Officer of the French Legion of Honor, Chapu died in Paris in 1891. List of works by Henri Chapu Henri Chapu in American public collections, on the French Sculpture Census website
Guillaume-Abel Blouet was a French architect who specialised in prison design. He won the Grand Prix de Rome in 1821 at the École des Beaux-Arts, in the course of the expedition he established the identity of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, which was measured and carefully drawn and published. It was noted as being opened on 22 January 1840. He revised and completed the Traité théorique et pratique de lart de bâtir of Jean-Baptiste Rondelet and he was elected to the Académie des Beaux-Arts in 1850. He died in Paris in 1853, restauration des thermes dAntonin Caracalla, à Rome, présentée en 1826 et dédiée en 1827 à lAcadémie des Beaux-Arts Expédition scientifique de Morée, ordonnée par le gouvernement français. Traité théorique et pratique de lart de bâtir de Jean Rondelet, supplément by G. -Abel Blouet Media related to Guillaume-Abel Blouet at Wikimedia Commons
Alfred Barye Le Fils or Alf Barye was a French sculptor, of the Belle Époque, pupil of his father the artist Antoine-Louis Barye. In cooperation with Émile-Coriolan Guillemin, Barye did the artwork for The Arab Warrior Knight on Horseback, included in Baryes oeuvre were animalier bronzes as well as Oriental subjects. At his fathers request, he signed his work as fils to differentiate his work from his fathers, Alfred Barye was born in Paris, France, on 21 January 1839, the son of Antoine-Louis Barye. He learned his craft of animalier sculptor under the eye of his father who was one of the original pioneers of animal sculpture in the mid-to-late 19th century. Barye which the senior Barye objected to because it created confusion as to which Barye, father or son and he specialized in the animalier school in the production of bronze sculptures. Although a fine artist in his own right, he struggled to create his own identity living in the shadow of his famous father. The vast majority of his pieces are signed A.
Barye, the majority of the sculptures leaving the Barye foundry were sand castings rather than lost-wax castings. Alfred typically used mid-brown patinas but would sometimes add green and auburn-colored hues in the patination process, any Barye bronze – by father or son – will generally have an exquisite patina. Antoine-Louis was particularly finicky with his patinas and would not allow other foundries to apply them, preferring to do it himself for appearance, too, would not let a sculpture leave his workshop without a perfectly applied and visually pleasing patina. Alfred Barye did a production of sculptures and focused his attention on race horses or horses on the move. Some of his bronzes are The Arab Warrior Knight on Horseback. Barye died in Paris in 1882 and he is known for the precision detail in his bronze sculptures, as shown in the pheasant sculpture. Barye was known for attention to detail on his bronzes. He produced a number of sculptures as well as genre figures. He received honourable mention honors in the 1897 Salon for the work Aide Fauconnier Indien, price realized 7000 GBP,04 December 2013, Sothebys London Alfred Barye in American public collections, on the French Sculpture Census website
This article concerns the painter Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant, for others like the European writer and politician see Benjamin Constant. Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant, born Jean-Joseph Constant, was a French painter and etcher best known for his Oriental subjects and portraits and he studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Toulouse, where he was a pupil of Alexandre Cabanel. A journey to Morocco in 1872 strongly influenced his artistic development. Among his noted works in this vein are Last Rebels, Justice in the Harem, Les Chérifas and his large canvas, The Entrance of Mahomet II into Constantinople, received a medal in 1876. After 1880, he changed his manner, devoting himself to mural decorations and he was distinguished as a portrait painter, especially in England, where he was a favorite of the aristocracy. His portrait Mons fils André was awarded a medal of honor at the Salon in 1896, Benjamin-Constant painted Pope Leo XIII, Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom, Lord John Lumley-Savile, and Henri Blowitz.
He was made a member of the Institute in 1893, and was a commander of the Legion of Honor and he visited the United States several times, and painted a number of portraits. The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York owns a large mural decoration by Benjamin-Constant entitled Justinian in Council, Benjamin-Constant taught, among his pupils was the miniaturist Alice Beckington. He was a writer of repute, contributing a number of studies on contemporary French painters and he died in Paris on 26 May 1902. Stranahan, Modern French Painters This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Gilman. Thurston, H. T. Colby, F. M. eds. article name needed, works by Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant at the Art Renewal Center
Victor Baltard was a French architect famed for work in Paris including designing Les Halles market and the Saint-Augustin church. He was born in Paris, son of architect Louis-Pierre Baltard and he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts, where he garnered the Prix de Rome for designing a military school in 1833. He went on to study at the French Academy in Rome, from 1849 on, he was Architect of the City of Paris. In this office, he was responsible for the restoration of churches, as well as the construction of the Catholic Saint-Augustin, in which he united the structural values of stone. His most popular achievement was, the building of Les Halles, in 1972 and 1973, these halls were torn down. A single hall was classified as a monument and moved to Nogent-sur-Marne in 1971. Architecture Construction of the courthouse in Lyon in 1847, today the seat of the Court of Appeal of Lyon, restorations Restoration of the church of Saint-Germain lAuxerrois, in collaboration with Jean-Baptiste Lassus from 1838 to 1855.
Restoration of the church of Saint-Eustache, Paris in 1844, Restoration of the chapel of Pentemont Abbey as a Protestant church in 1844. Restoration of the church of Saint-Étienne-du-Mont, he directed the construction of the chapel of Catechisms, Restoration of the church of Saint-Germain-des-Prés. Restoration of the church of Saint-Séverin, Restoration of the church of Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis, The architect is responsible primarily for the redevelopment of the choir and the refurbishment of the facade. Attribution Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Baltard, Louis Pierre, victor is discussed in the second half of this article on his father
Antoine-Nicolas Louis Bailly was a French architect. From 1834, upon his fathers retirement, Bailly found himself responsible as the breadwinner for the entire family, in 1850, with the support of Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, Bailly became the architect of the dioceses of Bourges and Digne. From 1875 to 1886, he served as architect of Limoges. In 1854 Bailly was appointed inspector of works in Paris, as such he participated in the completion of the Old Town Hall and the construction of the Fontaine Molière under Louis Visconti. In 1860, Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann commissioned Bailly with the building for the 4th arrondissement of Paris. Its business courts are organized around a glass atrium reaching the height of the building. The exterior features architectural sculpture by Albert-Ernest Carrier-Belleuse, Bailly was made a Knight of the Legion of Honour in 1853, Officer in 1868, and promoted to Commander in 1881. Architect Ernest Sanson began his career as a draftsman in Baillys firm, and took over the office in 1865
Jean Boucher (artist)
Jean Boucher was a French sculptor based in Brittany. He is best known for his public memorial sculptures which communicated his liberal politics and patriotic dedication to France, Boucher was born in Cesson-Sévigné near Rennes, Brittany. After his early schooling Boucher learned the trade of a blacksmith, pierre Lenoir, professor at the regional school of Rennes, taught the rudiments of fine art to him, and soon realised his young pupils aptitude. In the 1890s he worked on restorations for the cathedral of Saint Samson in Dol-de-Bretagne and he obtained a government grant to continue his studies in Paris where he met his mentors Alexandre Falguière at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, and Henri-Michel-Antoine Chapu of the Académie Julian. Both gave him a respect for truth in sculpture, a product of the trend of Realism associated with Jules Dalou. In 1898 Boucher joined the Bleus de Bretagne, an organisation founded to promote liberal values in Brittany, Boucher was described by Armand Dayot as a Breton and freethinker.
In this capacity he was commissioned to create a sculpture commemorating the skeptical thinker Ernest Renan in Renans home town of Tréguier. The sculpture, depicting Renan with the goddess Athena, was controversial, being interpreted as a challenge to Catholicism. Bouchers association with liberal and anti-clerical values led to a commission to depict the liberal hero Victor Hugo in exile on Guernsey, Hugo is depicted looking out from the island back to France, brooding over his exile, and standing on a rocky outcrop. In 1907 Boucher created a memorial to prominent Dreyfus supporter and human rights activist Ludovic Trarieux in Place Denfert-Rochereau. Another large marble in Paris is at the Place Saint-Ferdinand and it depicts Léon Serpollet in his land speed record winning steam car, surrounded by children enveloped by the steam. Boucher was commissioned to create a sculpture representing the union of Brittany with France. This too created controversy, particularly among Breton nationalists, who resented the union and they complained that the portrayal of Anne of Brittany was demeaning, as she was shown kneeling to the French king.
The Breton Nationalist Party was founded to protest its creation, and in 1932 the sculpture was bombed by Gwenn ha du, the date was designed to coincide with anniversary of Breton union with France in 1532. Fragments of the work have been preserved. Boucher created uncontroversial memorial sculptures to distinguished cultural figures, such as Yves Guyot, Charles Le Goffic, Boucher did his duty as a soldier during World War I. Called to bear arms with the rank of sergeant, he ended the war as a lieutenant, winner of the Croix de guerre, and suffering the effects of gassing. Appointed Professor at the lécole des beaux-Arts, he continued to work on his art and he is the creator of the monuments dedicated to the Saint-Cyriens, to the marshal Joseph Gallieni of Verdun, to the American volunteers, to the aviator Èdouard Mounier and others
Claude Bonnefond, or Jean-Claude Bonnefond was a French painter and lithographer, noted for his portrayals of peasant life. His work was influenced by a visit to Italy. His father was a baker who died shortly after Jean-Claude was born and his mother remarried in 1797, to another baker who was an associate of her first husband. An elder brother died in military service, in 1808, at the age of twelve, he entered the École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts de Lyon, where he studied with Pierre Revoil and Alexis Grognard. In 1816, he was exempted from service for being his familys only surviving son. The following year, he had his first exhibit at the Salon, at the age of 28, he and Victor Orsel went to Paris to work in the studios of Pierre-Narcisse Guérin. Shortly after, Guérin was named Director of the Villa Medici, in 1830, Victor Prunelle, the Mayor of Lyon, offered him the directorship of the École des Beaux-arts. He accepted, replacing Revoil, and held position for thirty years. He created a school of engraving, operated by Victor Vibert, in 1834, he was named a Knight in the Legion of Honor.
His own work continued to be in the Italian style until 1840 and he died of what was described as blood congestion after a long period of illness. Nelly Colin, Jean-Claude Bonnefond et lItalie, in Lyon et lItalie, six études dHistoire de lart, edited by Daniel Ternois, Paris, CNRS,1984 ISBN 978-2-222-03497-1 ArtNet, More works by Bonnefond
Yann Arthus-Bertrand is a French photographer, journalist and environmentalist. He is especially known for his book Earth from Above. Yann Arthus-Bertrand was born in Paris on 13 March 1946 in a renowned jewellers family founded in 1803 by Claude Arthus-Bertrand and his sister Catherine is one of his closest collaborators. He has been interested in nature and wildlife from an early age, in 1963 when he was 17, he became an assistant director, an actor in movies. He played alongside actors such as Michèle Morgan in Dis-moi qui tuer by Etienne Perier. He gave up the industry in 1967 to run the Château de Saint Augustin wildlife park in Château-sur-Allier. He left the country with his wife Anne when he was 30 to live in Kenya in the Masai Mara National Reserve and he lived amongst the Maasai tribe for 3 years to study the behaviour of a lions family and took daily pictures of them during those years. He thus discovered a new passion for photography and the beauty of landscapes when observed from above in hot air balloons, every year he published a book on Roland Garros, the tennis French open.
He took pictures every year at the Paris International Agricultural Show and he founded the Altitude Agency in 1991, which was the worlds first press agency and images bank specialising in aerial photography. In 1994 Arthus-Bertrand started a study on the state of the Earth sponsored by UNESCO. As part of the study, he made an inventory of the worlds most beautiful landscapes, taken from helicopters. The book from this project, Earth from Above sold over 3 million copies and was translated into 24 languages, in 2000, his Earth from Above free exhibition was set up on numerous big posters on the gates of the Jardins du Luxembourg in Paris. It travelled worldwide from Lyon to Montreal, to 110 cities and was visited by 120 million people, in 2008, Earth from Above was released on DVD. Since this program has evolved to help people and companies to reduce and offset their climate impact by funding projects on renewable energies, energy efficiency and reforestation. Since then, the organisation has been involved in several projects,6 billion Others, a video exhibition took place in early 2009 at the Grand Palais in Paris.
They were recorded around the globe showing women and men talking about universal themes such as happiness, life, love, hatred and he was made Officer of the Ordre National du Mérite by President Nicolas Sarkozy in June 2008. Moreover, he was elected alongside Lucien Clergue at the Académie des Beaux Arts, in 2006, he launched a series of documentaries called Vu du ciel for the French public channels. The 5th episode was aired in December 2007 and was about agriculture, in 2006 he published Algeria from above which he considers as one of his best works so far
Charles Auguste Émile Durand, known as Carolus-Duran, was a French painter and art instructor. He is noted for his depictions of members of high society in Third Republic France. He was the son of a hotel owner and his first drawing lessons were with a local sculptor named Augustin-Phidias Cadet de Beaupré at the Académie de Lille, took up painting with François Souchon, a student of Jacques Louis David. He went to Paris in 1853, where he adopted the name Carolus-Duran, in 1859, he had his first exhibition at the Salon. That same year, he began attending the Académie Suisse, where he studied until 1861, one of his early influences was the Realism of Gustave Courbet. From 1862 to 1866, he travelled to Rome and Spain, during that time, he moved away from Courbets style and became more interested in Diego Vélazquez. Upon returning to France, he was awarded his first gold medal at the Salon, in 1867, he became one of the nine members of the Société Japonaise du Jinglar, a group that included Henri Fantin-Latour, Félix Bracquemond and Marc-Louis Solon.
They would meet once a month in Sèvres for a dinner à la Japonaise and he married Pauline Croizette, a pastellist and miniaturist who had posed for his painting The Lady in Gloves in 1869. Their eldest daughter, Marie-Anne, married the playwright Georges Feydeau, after 1870, he devoted himself almost entirely to portraits. His success allowed him to open a studio on the Boulevard du Montparnasse and he was named a Knight in the Légion dhonneur in 1872, being promoted to Officer in 1878, Commander in 1889 and Grand Officer in 1900. In 1889 and 1900 he served on the juries at the Expositions Universelles, in 1890, he was one of the co-founders of the second Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and he was elected a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in 1904. The following year, he was appointed Director of the French Academy in Rome and he was a frequent visitor to the resort at Fréjus, where he owned a small villa. Following his death, the resort named a plaza and a beach after him and they include John Singer Sargent, Ralph Wormeley Curtis, Kenyon Cox Theodore Robinson, Mariquita Jenny Moberly.
Mariette Leslie Cotton, Maximilien Luce, James Carroll Beckwith, Will Hicok Low, Paul Helleu, Robert Alan Mowbray Stevenson, of his twenty-five most notable students, the majority were English or American. Attribution This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Hugh. Paintings of Carolus-Duran on Insecula Works by Carolus-Duran at Project Gutenberg Carolus-Duran in American public collections, on the French Sculpture Census website