Category:Members of the Delian League
Pages in category "Members of the Delian League"
The following 117 pages are in this category, out of 117 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 117 pages are in this category, out of 117 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Members of the Delian League – The study of the symmachikos phoros provides the following insights, The amount of tax paid by each state is written in Attic numerals. One-sixtieth is dedicated to Athena, the goddess of the city. The membership is not limited to Ionians or Greek city-states, the categorization of members under these fiscal districts appeared first in the list of 443/2 BC. After 438 BC, the Carian phoros became part of the Ionian district and after c.425 BC a new Aktaios phoros, during the Sicilian Expedition a fragmentary list suggests that the Athenian state had created a Magna Graecian district. The following names are readable, Naxians, Catanians, Sicels, the only references until now on the Pontic phoros are the list of 425/4 BC and 410/09 BC. The first inscription which records the Athenians and allies comes from Delphi, dating to c.475 BC, is fragmentary, there is an epigraphical gap between 475 and 454 BC, although the phrase Athenians and allies is always present in historiography. The exact location of several inscribed cities is still debated, Athenian cleruchies and colonies like Amphipolis are considered part of the Athenian state and not members of the League. Nesiotikos phoros Aegina Athenae Diades Carystus Chalcis Diakrioi in Chalcis Eretria Poseideion Ποσίδεον Styra Anaphe Andros Melos Naxos Ios Keos Keria Keros, the Athenian Tribute Lists by Benjamin D. Meritt, H. T
2. Abdera, Thrace – Abdera was a major Greek polis on the coast of Thrace. It lay 17 km east-northeast of the mouth of the Nestos River, the site now lies in the Xanthi regional unit of Thrace, Greece. The municipality of Abdera has 19,005 inhabitants, the seat of the municipality is the town Genisea. Its mythical foundation was attributed to Heracles who founded the city on behalf of his fallen friend Abderus, the historical founding is traced back to a colony from Klazomenai. This historical founding was traditionally dated to 654 BC, which is unverified, but its prosperity dates from 544 BC, when the majority of the people of Teos migrated to Abdera to escape the Persian yoke. The chief coin type, a griffon, is identical with that of Teos, in 513 BC and 512 BC, the Persians conquered Abdera. In 496 BC, the Persians again conquered Abdera, this time under Darius I and it later became part of the Delian League and fought on the side of Athens in the Peloponnesian war. Abdera was a city, the third richest in the League, due to its status as a prime port for trade with the interior of Thrace. A valuable prize, the city was sacked, by the Triballi in 376 BC, Philip II of Macedon in 350 BC, later by Lysimachos of Thrace, the Seleucids, the Ptolemies. In 170 BC the Roman armies and those of Eumenes II of Pergamon besieged and sacked it, the town seems to have declined in importance after the middle of the 4th century BC. Abdera had flourished especially in ancient times mainly for two reasons, because of the area of their territory and their highly strategic position. The city controlled two great road passages, furthermore, from their ports passed the sea road, which from Troas led to the Thracian and then the Macedonian coast.047 km2, the municipal unit 161.958 km2. The municipal unit Abdera is subdivided into the communities Abdera, Mandra, Myrodato, the community Abdera consists of the settlements Abdera, Giona, Lefkippos, Pezoula and Skala. Archaeological Museum of Abdera Agios Ioannis beach, near the village Lefkippos Grant, a Guide to the Ancient World. This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Herbermann, Charles. Richard Stillwell, ed. Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites,1976, Abdera, Thrace, Greece Hellenic Ministry of Culture on Abdera Avdera. gr
3. Abydos (Hellespont) – The acropolis of Abydos stood on the hill of Mal Tepe. Sestus lies north across from Abydos, on the European side of one of the narrowest points of the Dardanelles, slightly more than a mile broad. The site is enclosed in a military zone considered to be of strategic importance, Abydos was first mentioned in the catalogue of Trojan allies. Strabo, noting that earlier the area was Thracian, states that the city itself was founded by Milesian colonists with the consent of Gyges, king of Lydia and it was occupied by the Persians in 514 BC, and Darius the Great burnt it in 512 BC. Here Xerxes built two bridges and crossed the strait in 480 BC, when he invaded Greece. It later was a member of the Delian League, Abydos is celebrated for the vigorous resistance it made against Philip V of Macedon in 200 BC. In literature, it is famous for the home of Leander. Lord Byron memorably adopted its name in his The Bride of Abydos and it minted coins from the early 5th century BC to the mid-3rd century AD. A letter of Peter the Fuller mentions a bishop of Abydus called Pamphilus, ammonius signed the decretal letter of the Council of Constantinople in 518 against Severus of Antioch and others. Isidorus was at the Third Council of Constantinople, Ioannes at the Trullan Council, an unnamed bishop of Abydus was a counsellor of Emperor Nicephorus II in 969. No longer a residential bishopric, Abydus is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see, richard Stillwell, ed. Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites,1976, Abydos, Turkey
4. Aegina – Aegina is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece in the Saronic Gulf,27 kilometres from Athens. Tradition derives the name from Aegina the mother of the hero Aeacus, during ancient times Aegina was a rival of Athens, the great sea power of the era. The municipality of Aegina consists of the island of Aegina and a few offshore islets and it is part of the Islands regional unit, Attica region. The municipality is subdivided into the five communities, Aegina Kypseli Mesagros Perdika Vathy The capital is the town of Aegina. Due to its proximity to Athens, it is a vacation place during the summer months. The province of Aegina was one of the provinces of the Piraeus Prefecture and its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Aegina and Agkistri. Aegina is roughly triangular in shape, approximately 15 km from east to west and 10 km from north to south, with an area of 87.41 km2, an extinct volcano constitutes two thirds of Aegina. Economically, the fisheries are of notable importance. The southern volcanic part of the island is rugged and mountainous and its highest rise is the conical Mount Oros in the south, and the Panhellenian ridge stretches northward with narrow fertile valleys on either side. The beaches are also a popular tourist attraction, hydrofoil ferries from Piraeus take only forty minutes to reach Aegina, the regular ferry takes about an hour, with ticket prices for adults within the 4–15 euro range. There are regular bus services from Aegina town to destinations throughout the island such as Agia Marina, portes is a fishing village on the east coast. Aegina, according to Herodotus, was a colony of Epidaurus and its placement between Attica and the Peloponnesus made it a site of trade even earlier, and its earliest inhabitants allegedly came from Asia Minor. Minoan ceramics have been found in contexts of ca.2000 BC, the famous Aegina Treasure, now in the British Museum is estimated to date between 1700 and 1500 BC. It is probable that the island was not doricised before the 9th century BC. e. not later than the half of the 7th century BC. Its early history reveals that the importance of the island dates back to pre-Dorian times. It is usually stated on the authority of Ephorus, that Pheidon of Argos established a mint in Aegina, the first city-state to issue coins in Europe, one stamped stater can be seen in the Bibliothèque Nationale of Paris. It is an electrum stater of a turtle, a sacred to Aphrodite. The fact that the Aeginetic standard of weights and measures was one of the two standards in use in the Greek world is sufficient evidence of the early commercial importance of the island
5. Akanthos (Greece) – Akanthos was an ancient Greek city on the Athos peninsula. It was located near the town of Ierissos on the north-east side of Akti. The name of the ancient city is due to the nature of the area or to the thorny nature of the towns foundation. It was founded by 7th century BC by colonists from Andros, plutarch, on the other hand, referred to it as a mixed colony of Andrians and local Chalcidians, which was founded on the Coast of Drakontos, in place of a preexisting civilization. He writes that settlers from Andros and Chalcis arrived on the shore at the same time, the natives of Acanthus, seeing the crowd of settlers, became frightened and left the city. The settlers sent an explorer each to see what had happened and, as they approached the city and realized it was empty, ran to be the first to take over the land for their fellow countrymen. The Chalcidian was the fastest but the Andrian, seeing he was losing, stopped and threw his spear on the walls gate, a court case followed, which was won by the Andrians, because as they protested, they had just about taken over the city first. Its economic resources emanated from the mining and wood from the nearby forests and they declared one of his relatives who died in the area, named Artahei, a hero, and willingly took part in the expedition against Greece. After the Persian wars Acanthus became a member of the Athenian Alliance, in the initial phase of the establishment of the Chalcidice League, it was mainly smaller towns and cities in Macedonia that were enrolled. Only when it was established was an offer made to Acanthus. When this was refuse an offer was made but with the threat that force would be used should Acanthus refuse to join the federation. The townsfolk refused to join it, in due to the old quarrel with the Chalcidians. Under threat from the Chalcidians, Acanthus called in Spartas help, which came in 382 BC when the Spartans and Acanthians captured and destroyed Olynthos and the alliance, at least temporarily. Acanthuss staying-out of the alliance meant that in 350 BC, when it was conquered by Philip II of Macedon, later it was incorporated to the region of Ouranoupolis, a new city that was founded by Alexarchos, in the isthmus, between the Strymoinan and the Singitic gulfs. According to Livy, Acanthus was attacked by a Roman-Pergamene fleet in 199 BC during the Second Macedonian War, the Romans later exploited all the natural sources of wealth and its harbor, and the town continued through the Roman and Byzantine period. The ancient city extended along a hillside, about 0.6 km south-east of modern Ierissos. Remains of walls, a citadel, and Hellenistic buildings survive, along with a deserted Byzantine church. The city itself has not been excavated, but the necropolis has, starting in 1973, particularly extensive is the sight of the cemetery along the seaside of Ierissos
6. Amorgos – Amorgos is the easternmost island of the Greek Cyclades island group, and the nearest island to the neighboring Dodecanese island group. Along with several neighboring islets, the largest of which is Nikouria Island, it comprises the municipality of Amorgos, which has an area of 126.346 square kilometres. Throughout history, Amorgos was also known as Yperia, Patagy, or Platagy, Pagali, Amorgos features a lot of remnants of ancient civilizations. At the time of Archaic Greece, there were three independent city-states there and they are believed to have featured autonomous constitutions but the same currency. Due to the name Minoa we suspect that Amorgos had been colonised by the Cretans from ancient times, almost a dozen separate inhabited centres are known in this period. Amorgos is the origin of many famous Cycladic figurines, ‘Dokathismata style’ figurines were originally found here. Cycladic sculptures had been discovered from the cemeteries at Aghia Paraskevi, Aghios Pavlos, Dokathismata, Kapros, Kapsala, Nikouria, Kapsala Cycladic figurines, dating around 2700 B. C. are named after a find place in Amorgos. This is the earliest of the canonical types – a reclining female with folded arms and they tend to have slender and elongated proportions. At this time, anatomical features such as arms are modeled three-dimensionally, with the later types, sculptors tended to render this feature with incised lines. Dokathismata Cycladic figurines date from a later period of 2400–2100 BC. Part of the island is named Aspis, where the ancient temple of the goddess Aphrodite stood, in approximately 630 BC, the poet Semonides led the foundation of a Samian colony on Amorgos. The Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax mentions it as Tripolis, with the passing of time, the islands name changed to Amolgon and Amourgon. In the 5th century, Bishop Theodore, who attended a synod in Constantinople, signed as Bishop of the Parians, Sifnians and it was known as Yamurgi during Ottoman rule between 1566–1829. On 9 July 1956, a large earthquake occurred that generated a local tsunami of up to 30 m. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.8 and had a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX, fifty-three people were killed and 100 were injured. The names of the three cities given by Stephanus Byzantinus are Arkesini, Minoa, Aigiali or Melania which, according to inscriptions, are the most correct. The three towns are on the islands west coast because that is where bays and natural ports that could provide the proper positioning for seaside towns and forts exist. Aigiali was on the north East Side of the close to the present day locations of Tholaria and Stroumvos
7. Anafi – Anafi is a Greek island community in the Cyclades. In 2011, it had a population of 271 and its land area is 40.370 square kilometres. It lies east of the island of Thíra, Anafi is part of the Thira regional unit. According to mythology, the island was given the name Anafi because Apollo made it appear to the Argonauts as a shelter from a bad storm, using his bow to shed light upon it. If the name of the island derives from word, and means revelation, then Anafi is linked to Delos. Others say that the name is due to the non-existence of snakes on the island, despite its small size, Anafi offers archaeological as well as mythological interest. At the monastery of Panagia Kalamiotisa there are ruins of a built as an offering to the god Apollo Aegletus. Some of the inscriptions from the island refer to the god Apollo as asgelatos ασγελατος, however, one scholar links this epithet to a Sumerian goddess of healing and to Apollos son Asclepius. Ruins can also be found at Kasteli, and most of the findings, such as the statues, are now located at the Archaeological Museum at the Chora, in Roman times the island was used as a place of exile. After the Fourth Crusade in 1204, when the Cyclades were taken over by Venetians, in 1307 the island was captured by Januli Gozzadini, of Bolognese origin, who established himself as its independent lord. Much later the ruler of Anafi, William Crispo, became regent of the Duchy of the Archipelago, William is said to have built the fortifications above the present village. He is also claimed to have built a fortress, sometimes referred to as Gibitroli, in 1481, the island passed to the Pisani family as part of a dowry. The Pisani ruled it until 1537, when the Ottoman admiral Hayreddin Barbarossa raided it, the island was eventually resettled, and acquired a set of privileges from the Ottoman court in 1700 in exchange for 500 crowns. Thereafter it was largely to fend for itself, except for the annual visit of the Ottoman fleet to collect tribute. The island was visited in 1700 by Joseph Pitton de Tournefort and he describes Mount Kalamos as une des plus effroyables roches qui soit au monde. Some of the ancient remains from the island were acquired by French and British antiquaries, one Hellenistic statue from Kastelli can be found in the Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774, it was held and used as a base by the Russian fleet under Alexey Orlov from 1770 until the wars end, during the Greek War of Independence the Anafiots sent two Caïques of men to join the struggle. Many men left the island to help in the building of Athens as capital city of Greece and they built houses for themselves on the slopes of the Acropolis rock, in an area still known as Anafiotika
8. Andros – Andros is the northernmost island of the Greek Cyclades archipelago, approximately 10 km south east of Euboea, and about 3 km north of Tinos. It is nearly 40 km long, and its greatest breadth is 16 km and its surface is for the most part mountainous, with many fruitful and well-watered valleys. The municipality, which includes the island Andros and several small, the largest towns are Andros, Gavrio, Batsi, and Ormos Korthiou. The island is famous for its Sariza spring at Apoikia where the water out of a lionhead. Palaeopolis, the ancient capital, was built into a hillside. Andros also offers great hiking options for activity diggers, during the Final Neolithic, Andros had a fortified village on its west coast, which archaeologists have named Strofilias, after the plateau on which it was built. Strofilas was related to the Attica-Kephala culture, and predates the Cycladic culture of the Bronze Age and it was an important maritime center and one of the earliest examples of fortification in Greece. It is notable for rock carvings on its walls, which animals such as jackals, goats, deer, fish and dolphins. The island in ancient times contained an Ionian population, perhaps with an admixture of Thracian ancestry, though originally dependent on Eretria, by the 7th century BC it had become sufficiently prosperous to send out several colonies, to Chalcidice. The ruins of Palaeopolis, the ancient capital, are on the west coast, in 480 BC, it supplied ships to Xerxes and was subsequently harried by the Greek fleet. As a member of the second Delian League it was controlled by a garrison. In the Hellenistic period, Andros was contended for as a frontier-post by the two powers of the Aegean Sea, Macedon and Ptolemaic Egypt. In 333, it received a Macedonian garrison from Antipater, in 308 it was freed by Ptolemy I of Egypt, in the Chremonidean War it passed again to Macedon after a battle fought off its shores. During the long centuries of Byzantine rule, Andros was relatively obscure, first part of the Roman province of the Islands, it later became part of the theme of the Aegean Sea. Like other Aegean islands, it suffered from Saracen raids, but during the Komnenian period the island flourished due to its production, exporting gossamer. Andros was captured by the Fourth Crusade on its way to Constantinople in 1203, probably sometime around 1239, Dandolo was expelled from the island by Geremia Ghisi, ruler of Skiathos, Skopelos, and Skyros. Dandolo died soon after and a case was brought before the Venetian courts against Ghisi by Dandolos widow Felisa, Felisa was soon aided by the influential lord of Astypalaia, Jacopo Querini, who became her second husband. Although the Venetian court found in their favour in August 1243 and ordered the Ghisi brothers to give up Andros, the case dragged on until after Geremias death, when Duke Angelo Sanudo took over the island