Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church from 2005 to 2013. He was elected pope on 19 April 2005, was inaugurated on 24 April 2005, Benedicts election occurred in a papal conclave following the death of Pope John Paul II. Ordained as a priest in 1951 in his native Bavaria, Ratzinger established himself as a highly regarded university theologian by the late 1950s and was appointed a professor in 1958. In 1981, he was appointed Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, from 2002 until his election as Pope, he was Dean of the College of Cardinals. He was originally a liberal theologian, but adopted conservative views after 1968 and his prolific writings defend traditional Catholic doctrine and values. During his papacy, Benedict XVI advocated a return to fundamental Christian values to counter the increased secularisation of many Western countries and he views relativisms denial of objective truth, and the denial of moral truths in particular, as the central problem of the 21st century.
He taught the importance of both the Catholic Church and an understanding of Gods redemptive love, Pope Benedict revived a number of traditions, including elevating the Tridentine Mass to a more prominent position. He strengthened the relationship between the Catholic Church and art, promoted the use of Latin, and reintroduced traditional papal garments and he has been described as the main intellectual force in the Church since the mid-1980s. On 11 February 2013, Benedict announced his resignation in a speech in Latin before the cardinals, citing a lack of strength of mind and his resignation became effective on 28 February 2013. He is the first pope to resign since Pope Gregory XII in 1415, as pope emeritus, Benedict retains the style of His Holiness, and the title of Pope, and continues to dress in the papal colour of white. He was succeeded by Pope Francis on 13 March 2013, in his retirement, Benedict XVI has made occasional public appearances alongside Pope Francis. Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger was born on 16 April, Holy Saturday,1927, at Schulstraße 11, at 8,30 in the morning in his parents home in Marktl, Bavaria and he was baptised the same day.
He was the third and youngest child of Joseph Ratzinger, Sr. a police officer and his mothers family was originally from South Tyrol. Pope Benedict XVIs brother, Georg Ratzinger, a priest and former director of the Regensburger Domspatzen choir, is still alive and his sister, Maria Ratzinger, who never married, managed Cardinal Ratzingers household until her death in 1991. Their grand-uncle was the German politician Georg Ratzinger, at the age of five, Ratzinger was in a group of children who welcomed the visiting Cardinal Archbishop of Munich with flowers. Struck by the distinctive garb, he announced the very same day that he wanted to be a cardinal. He attended the school in Aschau am Inn, which was renamed in his honour in 2009. Ratzingers family, especially his father, bitterly resented the Nazis, in 1941, one of Ratzingers cousins, a 14-year-old boy with Down syndrome, was taken away by the Nazi regime and murdered during the Action T4 campaign of Nazi eugenics
E. Andrew Balas
E. Andrew Balas M. D. Ph. D. serves as Dean and Professor at Augusta University. Balas is a fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics and elected member of the European Academy of Sciences and he is Vice President of the Friends of the National Library of Medicine and Board Member of the Augusta University Health. The youngest among three children, Balas was born to Balás Andrea, a teacher of French language and Balás Gábor, Gábor Balás, rose to prominence as researcher of szekely history and advocate for minority rights. His great grandfather was Vilmos Sumegi, media magnate in Budapest and long-serving member of the Hungarian Parliament, Gyergyo district, Andrew Balas went to the Piarista Gimnázium. Subsequently, he studied medicine at Semmelweis University. For five years, he was the editor of the student newspaper Visus, in 1977, he graduated ranked first in the medical school class. In the following year, he completed twelve months of military service in Taborfalva. Later he worked as research faculty member in the Computing Center at Semmelweis University, simultaneously, he enrolled in the mathematics program of Eötvös Loránd University.
Among his professors were Paul Erdős and Laszlo Babai, in 1983, he graduated with an MS in Applied Mathematics. In 1984, he worked for the Registry of the European Dialysis, after returning to Budapest, he worked as associate director of the Institute of Health Care Organization and Informatics for several years. In 1988, he moved to the United States, working as a research fellow at Intermountain Healthcare in Salt Lake City, he enrolled in the medical informatics PhD program of the University of Utah and graduated in 1991. In 1991, Andrew Balas joined the University of Missouri in Columbia as assistant professor and he quickly rose to the rank of tenured full Professor, Director of the Missouri European Union Center and Weil Distinguished Professor of Health Policy at the University of Missouri. Subsequently, he served as Dean of the Saint Louis University School of Public Health and Dean of the College of Health Sciences at Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia. Among others, Andrew Balas is the authors of the landmark study on the transfer of research evidence from clinical trials to patient care.
The widely cited study estimated that it takes an average of 17 years to put new scientific evidence into practice. S and his academic credentials include over 100 publications, externally funded research in excess of 10 million dollar and publications that cumulatively attracted thousands of citations. Andrew Balas has been effective in taking on the status quo, achieving breakthrough performance improvements, during the 105th Congress, Andrew Balas served as a Congressional Fellow for the Public Health and Safety Subcommittee of the United States Senate. He drafted the act that created the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Andrew speaks four languages, supports minority serving education overseas and completes the annual Marine Corps Marathon every year since 2005, Andrew and his wife Louise Thai, award winning microbiology educator, have two grown sons, a physician in California and an investment executive in London, UK
Robert Blinc was a prominent Slovene physicist. He completed his studies in 1958 at the Faculty of Natural Sciences in Ljubljana. He started post-doc study at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, when he returned to Slovenia, he continued his work at the Jožef Stefan Institute. He became a professor at the University of Ljubljana in 1970 and he was the first Dean of Jožef Stefan International Postgraduate School in Ljubljana since 2004. Professor Blinc was one of the founders of uses of magnetic resonance for investigations of phase transitions. He established NMR/EPR spectroscopy in Slovenia and was the head of the Condensed Matter Physics Department at the Jožef Stefan Institute and he was the president of AMPERE Groupement for two mandates during 1990–1996. He was a member of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts and he was a member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts and an honorary member of the Society of Mathematicians and Astronomers of Slovenia
Ivor Norman Richard Davies CMG FBA FRHistS is a British-Polish historian noted for his publications on the history of Europe and the United Kingdom. He is widely regarded as one of the preeminent historians of Central, Davies was born to Richard and Elizabeth Davies in Bolton, Lancashire. He studied in Grenoble, from 1957 to 1958 and under A. J. P. Taylor at Magdalen College, Oxford and he was awarded an MA at the University of Sussex in 1966 and studied in Perugia, Italy. As this war was denied in the official communist Polish historiography of that time, he was obliged to change the title of his dissertation to The British Foreign Policy towards Poland, 1919–20. After he obtained his PhD in Kraków in 1968, the English text appeared under the title White Eagle, the Polish–Soviet War 1919–20 in 1972. From 1971, Davies taught Polish history at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies of University College, where he was professor from 1985 to 1996 and he subsequently became Supernumerary Fellow at Wolfson College, from 1997 to 2006.
Throughout his career, Davies has lectured in many countries, including the United States, Australia, China, stanford Universitys history department denied Davies a tenured faculty position in 1986. Davies subsequently sought to obtain $3 million in damages from the university, the case ultimately collapsed when Davies was unable to depose Professor Harold Kahn of Noe Valley as to what Kahn had said about Davies in closed faculty hearings. The court ruled that because of Californias right of privacy if we assume that. The court upheld the right to decide on faculty appointments on the basis of any criteria. He is a professor at the Collège dEurope. Davies first book, White Eagle, Red Star, The Polish-Soviet War and his 1981 book Gods Playground, a comprehensive overview of Polish history, was published officially in Poland only after the fall of communism. In 1984, Davies published Heart of Europe, a history of Poland. In the 1990s, Davies published Europe, A History and The Isles, A History, about Europe, each book is a narrative interlarded with numerous sidepanel discussions of microtopics.
In 2000, Davies Polish publishers Znak published a collection of his essays, in 2002, at the suggestion of the citys mayor, Bogdan Zdrojewski and his former research assistant, Roger Moorhouse, co-wrote a history of Wrocław / Breslau, a Silesian city. Titled Microcosm, Portrait of a Central European City, the book was published simultaneously in English, German, Davies writes essays and articles for the mass media. Among others, he has worked for the BBC as well as British and American magazines and newspapers, such as The Times, The New York Review of Books, in Poland, his articles appeared in the liberal Catholic weekly Tygodnik Powszechny. The Battle for Warsaw describes the Warsaw Uprising and it was followed by Europe at War 1939–1945, No Simple Victory
Arnulf Baring is a German lawyer, political scientist, contemporary historian and author. He is a member of the German-British Baring family of bankers, Arnulf Martin Baring earned a doctorate at the Free University of Berlin in 1958. In 1997, he expressed concern that the European Monetary Union would make Germans the most hated people in Europe and he worked at the Bundespräsidialamt from 1976 to 1979. He was initially a member of the SPD, but was expelled from the party in 1983 and he was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton 1992-1993 and was a Fellow of St Antonys College, Oxford 1993-1994. He received the Commander Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1998, Baring is a founding member of the Förderverein der Gedenkstätte Berlin-Hohenschönhausen and the scientific advisory board of the Centre Against Expulsions. He has been married to the psychological practitioner Gabriele since 1986, Arnulf Baring has two adult daughters from his first marriage.
Es lebe die Republik, es lebe Deutschland, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart 1999, ISBN 3-421-05194-1. Der schwierige Abschied von unseren Wunschwelten, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart 1997, machtwechsel - Die Ära Brandt-Scheel, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-421-06095-9. Die Entstehung der Kanzlerdemokratie, München, Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag,1982, Arnulf Baring in the German National Library catalogue Arnulf Baring
Paul R. Ehrlich
Paul Ralph Ehrlich is an American biologist, best known for his warnings about the consequences of population growth and limited resources. He is the Bing Professor of Population Studies of the Department of Biology of Stanford University, Ehrlich became well known for his controversial 1968 book The Population Bomb, which asserted that the worlds human population would soon increase to the point where mass starvation ensued. Among the solutions he suggested in that book was population control, Ehrlich has been criticized for his opinions, for example, Ronald Bailey termed Ehrlich an irrepressible doomster. However, Carl Haub observed that Ehrlichs warnings had encouraged governments to change their policies to avert disaster, Ehrlich has acknowledged that some of what he has published has not happened, but maintains his opinion that overpopulation is a major problem. Ehrlich was born in Philadelphia, the Jewish son of William Ehrlich and his father was a shirt salesman, his mother a Greek and Latin scholar.
In 1959 he joined the faculty at Stanford University, being promoted to professor of biology in 1966, by training he is an entomologist specializing in Lepidoptera, he published a major paper about the evolution of plants and insects. He was appointed to the Bing Professorship in 1977 and he is president of the Center for Conservation Biology at Stanford University. A lecture that Ehrlich gave on the topic of overpopulation at the Commonwealth Club of California was broadcast by radio in April 1967, Ehrlich and his wife, Anne Ehrlich, collaborated on the book, The Population Bomb, but the publisher insisted that a single author be credited. Although Ehrlich was not the first to warn about population issues – concern had been widespread during the 1950s and 1960s – his charismatic, the original edition of The Population Bomb began with this statement, The battle to feed all of humanity is over. In the 1970s hundreds of millions of people will starve to death in spite of any crash programs embarked upon now, at this late date nothing can prevent a substantial increase in the world death rate.
By the end of the 1970s, this proved to be incorrect. However, he continued to argue that societies must take action to decrease population growth in order to mitigate future disasters. In the book Ehrlich presented a number of scenarios detailing possible future events, in honesty, the scenarios were way off, especially in their timing. But they did deal with issues that people in 1968 should have been thinking about. Ehrlich further states that he endorses the main thesis of the book. Ehrlichs opinions have evolved over time, and he has proposed different solutions to the problem of overpopulation, in Population Bomb he wrote, We must have population control at home, hopefully through a system of incentives and penalties, but by compulsion if voluntary methods fail. We must use our power to push other countries into programs which combine agricultural development. Voluntary measures he has endorsed include the easiest possible availability of birth control, in 1967 he had expressed his belief that aid should only be given to those countries that were not considered to be hopeless to feed their own populations
Siglind Bruhn is a German musicologist and concert pianist. Siglind Bruhn was born in Hamburg and her father was the engineer Ernst Bruhn, her mother the interpreter Leonore Bruhn née Kieberger. During the last two years before her school graduation, she was a student in the piano class of Professor Eckart Besch at the Musikhochschule Hamburg. She completed her studies in the class of Vladimir Horbowski at the Musikhochschule Stuttgart,1975 State Examen in piano performance. Concurrently she read Romance studies, Comparative Literature, and Philosophy at Munich University,1976 Magister Artium with a thesis on the drama of Ramón del Valle-Inclán, during this time she met her future husband, the philosopher Gerhold K. Becker. In 1976-78 Siglind Bruhn wrote her first book, which links the pedagogical heritage of her teacher Horbowski with first attempts at her own research. Two years she followed her husband, who had accepted a position in Hong Kong, J. S. Bachs Well-Tempered Clavier, In-depth analysis and interpretation.
Images and Ideas in Modern French Piano Music, The Extra-Musical Subtext in Piano Works by Ravel, Debussy, ISBN 978-0-945193-95-1, paperback edition 2010 ISBN 978-1-57647-197-5 - Google The Temptation of Paul Hindemith, Mathis der Maler as a Spiritual Testimony. ISBN 978-1-57647-013-8 - Musical Ekphrasis, Composers Responding to Poetry and Painting, ISBN 978-1-57647-036-7 Musical Ekphrasis in Rilkes Marienleben, Rodopi,2000. ISBN 978-90-420-0800-7 - Google Saints in the Limelight, Representations of the Religious Quest on the Post-1945 Operatic Stage, ISBN 978-1-57647-096-1 - The Musical Order of the World, Hesse, Pendragon,2005. ISBN 978-1-57647-117-3 - Messiaens Contemplations of Covenant and Incarnation, Musical Symbols of Faith in the two great piano cycles of the 1940s, Pendragon,2007. ISBN 978-1-57647-129-6 - Messiaens Explorations of Love and Death, Musical Signification in the Tristan Trilogy and Three related song cycles, ISBN 978-1-57647-136-4 - Messiaens Interpretations of Holiness and Trinity, Echoes of Medieval Theology in the Oratorio, Organ Meditations, and Opera, Pendragon,2008.
ISBN 978-1-57647-139-5 - Frank Martins Musical Reflections on Death, Pendragon 2011, the Music of Jörg Widmann, Gorz 2013. J. S. Bachs Well-Tempered Clavier, In-depth analysis and interpretation, arnold Schoenbergs Journey from Tone Poems to Kaleidoscopic Sound Colors. ISBN 978-1-57647-248-4 German-language book publications here Essay collections as contributing author, ISBN 978-0-8153-2747-9 - Google Encrypted Messages in Alban Bergs Music. ISBN 978-0-8153-2480-5 - Google Signs in Musical Hermeneutics,1998, ISSN 0277-7126 Voicing the Ineffable, Musical Representations of Religious Experience. ISBN 978-1-57647-089-3 - Google Sonic Transformations of Literary Texts, From Program Music to Musical Ekphrasis and chamber concerts in almost every major city in the Federal Republic of Germany as well as in 23 other countries and on all five continents. Recordings with most broadcasting companies in Germany and several European and other Western stations, maurice Ravel, Histoires Naturelles, Modest Mussorgsky and Dances of Death
Francisco Ayala (novelist)
Francisco Ayala García-Duarte was a Spanish writer, the last representative of the Generation of 27. At the age of 16 he went to Madrid, where he studied Law, during those years he published his first two novels, Tragicomedia de un hombre sin espíritu and Historia de un amanecer. He got a Ph. D. in Laws at the Universidad de Madrid, a post-graduate grant allowed him to go to Berlin to study philosophy and sociology from 1929 to 1931, during the advent of Nazism. There, he met the Chilean Etelvina Silva Vargas, whom he married in 1931 and with whom he would have a daughter and he was a frequent contributor of Revista de Occidente and Gaceta Literaria. At the beginning of the Republic he became a lawyer for the Parliament and he was lecturing in South America when the Spanish Civil War erupted, he worked for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs during the war. During the Spanish Civil War his father and his younger brother Rafael were killed by the Nationalists, when the Republican side lost the war, he exiled in Buenos Aires, where he spent ten years.
There he worked for the literary magazine Sur, the newspaper La Nación and he founded, along with fellow Spaniard Lorenzo Luzuriaga, the magazine Realidad. During the 50s he moved to Puerto Rico, where he would teach at the Law school in the University of Puerto Rico and he returned to Spain first in 1960. From that year onwards he would return every summer and bought a house there, in 1976, after Francos death, he moved to Madrid for good, where he continued his work as a writer and journalist. In 1983, at the age of 77, he was elected for the Real Academia Española and he kept on writing to a very old age. In 1988 he received the Premio Nacional de las Letras Españolas, in 1991 he received the Miguel de Cervantes Prize and, in 1998, the Prince of Asturias Award in Literature. Critics have usually divided Ayalas work in two stages and after the Spanish Civil War, during his first stage, before the Civil War, Tragicomedia de un hombre sin espíritu and Historia de un amanecer follow a traditional narrative line.
With El boxeador y el ángel and Cazador en el alba he embraced avant-garde prose, both tale collections feature a metaphorical style, stylistically brilliant, with a lack of interest in the anecdotical and a fascination for the modern world. The story is used here as a reflection on the past, Ayala gets closer here to Kafkas existential and absurd world, including an implicit critic to the inmorality and stupidity of power. La cabeza del cordero is a collection of tales on the Civil War, muertes de perro denounced the situation of a country under a dictatorship, while presenting human degradation in a world with no values. El fondo del vaso complements his previous novel, which is commented by several characters, irony becomes a central resource in this work, though a greater understanding for the human being replaces contempt. After these novels, Ayala kept publishing short tales, such as those collected in El As de Bastos, El rapto, and El jardín de las delicias. The latest features a contrast between the satyric objectivity in the first part, Diablo mundo, and the evocative and lyrical tone in the second, Días felices
Belisario Betancur Cuartas is a former Colombian politician and the 26th President of Colombia from 1982 to 1986. He is a member of the Colombian Conservative Party, Betancur was born in the vicinity of el Morro de la Paila, of the town of Amagá, Antioquia. His mother, Ana Otilia Cuartas, had a shop in Amagá. Betancur started his education in the school of Amagá. He transferred to the seminary Misiones de Yarumal, where he studied for the priesthood and he was dismissed from the seminary for disciplinary matters. Betancur traveled to the city of Medellín, where he enrolled in the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, there, he excelled in his studies and obtained exceptional grades. Upon completing his education, the Headmaster of the school, Monsignor Manuel José Sierra. In 1955, Betancur graduated in jurisprudence and obtained a Law and he began his political career as a Deputy to the Assembly of the Colombian province of Antioquia, where he served from 1945 to 1947. He served as a Representative to the National Chamber for the departments of Cundinamarca and Antioquia, Betancur was the Minister of Labor in 1963 and Ambassador of Colombia to Spain from 1975 to 1977.
He ran for president as an independent Conservative candidate in the election of 1970 and he again ran as the official Conservative candidate in the election of 1978, but was defeated by Julio César Turbay Ayala. He was finally elected President in 1982 and served until 1986 and his administration began the exploration and export of coal in the Cerrejón North region and the broadcast of the regional television channels Teleantioquia and Telecaribe. Betancur is noted for his attempts to bring peace to his country, during his administration he initiated peace talks with several Colombian guerilla groups. The controversial Palace of Justice siege occurred in late 1985, less than a year before the end of his presidential term and he is a founding member of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences. Betancur is the recipient of a doctorate from the Universities of Colorado and Georgetown. He is the author of books and a member of the Colombian Academies of History, Jurisprudence. Betancur is portrayed by the actor Jaime Barbini as the character of Silvio De la Cruz in TV Series Escobar, el patrón del mal.
Betancur is mentioned in a song by the Spanish pop band Un Pinguino en mi Ascensor titled El Sendero Luminoso, in the verse el procónsul honorario / está reunido con Belisario