Category:Members of the Hawaii Board of Health
Pages in category "Members of the Hawaii Board of Health"
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Nathaniel Bright Emerson – Nathaniel Bright Emerson was a medical physician and author of Hawaiian mythology. He was the son of Protestant missionary Rev. John S. Emerson and he attended Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts and served in the First Regiment of the Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War, during which he was wounded three times. After graduating from Williams in 1865, he studied at Harvard and this was followed by work at Bellevue Hospital in New York City. In New York Dr. Emerson was associated with Dr. Willard Parker, for several years he was also clinical assistant to Dr. Seguin, professor of nervous diseases at the College of Physicians and Surgeons. He served as a doctor in New York until 1878, after which he relocated to Hawaii, Dr. Emerson was an able historian and writer of Hawaiian mythology. One of his efforts was the translation into English of David Malos great work on Hawaiian lore. In 1909, the Bureau of American Ethnology published his book, Unwritten Literature of Hawaii, mamiya Heratige Medical Center website Emerson, Nathaniel Bright. Unwritten Literature of Hawaii, the Sacred Songs of the Hula, smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology,1909. Hawaiian Antiquities, as translated by Emerson,1987 edition, Bishop Museum Press, ISBN 0-910240-15-9 Pele and Hiiaka, A Myth from Hawaii, by Nathaniel B
2. Walter M. Gibson – Walter Murray Gibson was an American adventurer and a government minister in the Kingdom of Hawaii prior to the kingdoms 1887 constitution. Gibson was generally thought to be born March 6,1822, in the southern United States and he was the captain of a ship and became involved in gunrunning in the Caribbean. Later, he was jailed in the East Indies by the Dutch on charges of fomenting rebellion, but managed to escape from his prison in Java. In 1859, he went to Utah Territory and joined The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Gibson arrived in the Hawaiian Islands in 1861, and founded a colony among Mormons already in the islands. Upon excommunication, he expelled those who did not support him from his colony and church and began angling for secular political office, in 1873, Gibson started his own newspaper to extol his virtues in English and Hawaiian called the Nuhou. He successfully ran for the House of Representatives in 1878 as a candidate of the Kings Party, allying himself with King Kalakaua, in 1880 he bought the Pacific Commercial Advertiser. In 1882, he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs, and then on June 30,1886 and he also served on various boards, as Attorney General, Minister of Interior, and Secretary of War. Gibson was widely credited with encouraging Kalākaua to make rash political moves, one of his bolder plans included an attempt to build a Pacific Empire, which drew the ire of both the international and local Hawaiian communities. Gibsons fortunes fell dramatically after being out of power in 1887. He fled the islands for fear of losing his life and died penniless in San Francisco on January 21,1888 and his body was returned to Hawaii for a funeral and burial. The prison of Weltevreden, and a glance at the East Indian Archipelago, media related to Walter M. Gibson at Wikimedia Commons
3. William Hillebrand – William Hillebrand was a German physician. He traveled the world, including over 20 years in the Hawaiian islands, in 1850, Hillebrand lived at what is now Foster Botanical Garden in Honolulu. He also became known as a botanist, Hillebrand was born on November 13,1821 in Nieheim, Province of Westphalia, Prussia. His father was Judge Franz Josef Hillebrand, and mother Louise Pauline Konig and he studied medicine at Heidelberg and Berlin, and practiced at Paderborn. He sought a warmer climate to recover from a problem, first traveling to Australia in 1849. Hillebrand then went to San Francisco and finally arrived in the Hawaii December 22,1850 and he stayed for a little over 20 years and made significant contributions that endure to this day. He was able to speak the Hawaiian language as well as German, English, Latin and he went into practice with Dr. Wesley Newcomb, and married his stepdaughter Anna Post on November 16,1852. In 1853, Hillebrand purchased 13 acres of land from Queen Kalama and he had a keen interest in plants, and over the years, planted a number of exotic and native trees in his garden. Six years after his arrival, he and nine other Honolulu physicians petitioned to charter an organization called the Hawaiian Medical Society, two months later, the petition was granted. Today, it is the Hawaii Medical Association, after the death of Thomas Charles Byde Rooke in 1858, he was appointed physician to the royal family of King Kamehameha IV. Hillebrand also served as physician at The Queens Hospital, from 1860 to 1871. The hospital was named after Queen Emma, Dr. Rookes adoptive daughter who was Kamehameha IVs wife, in 1865 he was appointed to the Kings Privy Council, the Board of Health, and Bureau of Immigration. In April 1865 Hillebrand traveled to Asia and the East Indies on behalf of the Hawaiian government, Hillebrand wrote an article on leprosy that was published in 1883. Another European immigrant to Hawaii, Joseph Francis Charles Rock would continue Hillebrands work of identifying Hawaiian species, Hillebrand moved back to Germany in 1871. In 1877 he arranged for the first immigrants from Portugal to come to Hawaii as plantation workers, for nearly a decade he considered returning to Hawaii. In 1880, he determined that would never happen, so sold his home to shipping entrepreneur Captain Thomas Foster and his wife Mary, years later, Mary Foster bequeathed the land to the city, which opened it to the public as Foster Botanical Garden in 1930. He died July 13,1886 in Heidelberg and he is the father of William Francis Hillebrand, an American chemist. Two plants, Veronica hillebrandii and Phebalium hillebrandii are named in his honor, flora of the Hawaiian Islands, a description of their phanerogams and vascular cryptogams
4. John Mott-Smith – John Mott-Smith was the first dentist to set up a permanent practice in the Kingdom of Hawaii. He was also a politician, newspaper editor, and diplomat, John Mott-Smith was born in New York City November 13,1824, His father was also named John Mott Smith, generally spelled without the hyphen, and mother was Amada Day. His father had trained as a physician, but became a Methodist minister instead and his father died in 1832 and was one of the first burials in the university cemetery. Subsequently, having attended Wesleyan, the young Mott-Smith borrowed a book from a friend who was attending school and passed the exams to set up a practice in Albany. He moved to California as part of the California Gold Rush in 1849 and he sailed to Hawaii in early 1851. He was only the third Western-trained dentist in the Hawaiian islands, two others, M. B. Stevens and George Colburn left after brief stays in the previous two years. For about 15 years he did most of the work in Honolulu. He shared a building with physician William Hillebrand. In 1853 he had his first taste of politics when he was elected to the House of Representatives in the legislature of the Hawaiian Kingdom, in 1866 Mott-Smith gave up his dental practice to John Morgan Whitney, the first in Hawaii to actually graduate from a dental school. He became editor of the newspaper Hawaiian Gazette and he used the paper to defend the monarchy, which gained him favor with King Kamehameha V, who made it the official government publication. He returned to the legislature in 1866, and was elected Vice President of it in 1867, in 1868 he was sent to Washington, DC to help Elisha Hunt Allen negotiate a trade treaty, but was not successful. On December 21,1869 he returned and was appointed to the powerful post of Minister of Finance in the cabinet and he served until August 25,1872. With the kings influence, he was an investor with fellow American politician Charles Coffin Harris in the first Hawaiian Hotel, the government issued bonds to finance its construction. After Kamehameha Vs death at the end of 1872, Mott-Smith was out of political power, after the liberal King Lunalilo died and King Kalākaua was elected in 1874, monarchists were back in political favor. On December 4,1876 Mott-Smith was appointed Minister of Interior, from 1876 through 1886 he served in the upper House of Nobles in the kingdom legislature when he was not traveling. Since the bachelor Lunalilo left no heirs, Mott-Smith was appointed to the first board of trustees of the Lunalilo Trust, in 1884 he was put in charge of the Hawaii exhibits at the World Cotton Centennial in New Orleans, Louisiana. He returned and was appointed Minister of Finance by Queen Liliʻuokalani on July 28,1891, however, by October 17,1891 he resigned and was sent back to Washington. Samuel Parker acted as finance minister both before and after him and his hope was to negotiate a replacement for the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875, but he was recalled after the 1893 Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii
5. Paul Neumann (Attorney General) – Paul Neumann was a lawyer, politician, and diplomat in California and the Kingdom of Hawaii. Born in Prussia, Neumann became a lawyer in California around 1864 and he worked for fellow-German American Claus Spreckels, who maintained a monopoly of the refining of sugar from Hawaii in California. Neuman met Hawaiian royalty when they would come to California to be entertained by Spreckels, Neumann was the Republican Party of Californias candidate for the United States House of Representatives in November 1882 for the San Francisco district. However, he was denounced by the San Francisco Chronicle as being a sugar coated candidate, being used by Spreckels to advance his own interests, and was defeated in the election. In 1883, Neumann came to the Hawaiian Islands to serve as counsel for Spreckels who was now the publisher of the Honolulu Advertiser newspaper. He was one of the first Jewish leaders in the Hawaiian Islands, although in years he led a more secular life. Being from Europe, Neumann was comfortable around a monarchy, king David Kalākaua and other members of the government depended on loans from Spreckels to support their lifestyles. Within days of returning, Neumann was admitted to the bar and appointed as general of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Walter M. Gibson had been acting as general, even though he had no legal training. The cabinet stayed intact until June 30,1886, when another combination was brought in, Neumann was sometimes attacked by the conservative press for his bohemianism, including playing Poker with the king, which the missionaries thought was sinful. He had been president of the Bohemian Club in San Francisco, charles T. Gulick, although related to missionaries, also became a member of the Kalākaua cabinet as Minister of the Interior. In 1884 Neumann was appointed to the House of Nobles in the legislature. He served as envoy to Mexico in 1884, and investigated forming a consular office in San Francisco in 1885. Under the new 1887 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii, the House of Nobles became an office, so he lost his seat. On September 12 he was appointed again and served to November 1,1892, Neumann became the private attorney of the queen after the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1893. He was sent to Washington, DC to protest the overthrow, after an editorial in the Advertiser offended him, Neumann attacked new editor Henry Northrop Castle with his cane in December 1893. He defended Liliʻuokalani and other prisoners in a military tribunal following the failed 1895 rebellion against the Republic of Hawaii and he advised Liliʻuokalani to issue a formal abdication, which she did, and the revolutionaries were pardoned. When a circuit judge position opened up, he was passed over for the much younger William Stanley and he did think the Crown Lands of Hawaii had been seized illegally, a case that is still controversial
6. Lucius E. Pinkham – Lucius Eugene Pinkham was the fourth Territorial Governor of Hawaii, serving from 1913 to 1918. Pinkham was the first member of the Democratic Party of Hawaii to become governor, Pinkham was born September 19,1850 in Chicopee, Massachusetts. His parents were Lucius Moulton, a cotton mill proprietor, and he attended public schools in Boston and Hartford, Connecticut. Although he intended to attend Yale, an accident prevented him from walking for several years. Pinkham arrived in Hawaii in 1892 to build a coal handling plant for Oahu Railway and Land Company, from 1898 to 1903 he was manager of Pacific Hardware, another family business of Benjamin Dillingham. He also oversaw well projects for the sugarcane plantations, on April 13,1904, Pinkham was appointed President of the territorial Board of Health. While President of the Board of Health, he developed the idea of dredging the marshlands of Waikīkī via a two-mile long drainage canal, although the idea was approved by the Board of Health, no action was taken on the proposal. His achievements included improving the conditions of the lepers at the Molokai settlement, economically reducing the occurrence of bubonic plague and he was removed from the Board of Health on April 12,1908. Despite having no political experience, U. S. President Woodrow Wilson appointed Pinkham territorial governor of Hawaii on November 29,1913. He was the first governor from the Democratic Party of Hawaii, in 1917, the deposed former monarch of the Hawaiian Islands, Queen Liliʻuokalani, died and was buried at the Royal Mausoleum of Hawaii. Pinkham also worked aggressively to improve the defense of Hawaii. He voluntarily resigned from his position and was replaced by Charles J. McCarthy on June 22,1918, Pinkham died November 2,1922 in San Francisco, California. Works by or about Lucius E. Pinkham at Internet Archive
7. Hermann A. Widemann – Hermann Adam Widemann was a businessman from Germany who was a judge and member of the cabinet of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Hermann Adam Widemann was born in Hanover, Germany on December 24,1822, as a teenager he went to work on a whaling ship. He came to live in the Hawaiian Islands in 1846, after stopping in 1843 and he came briefly to the California Gold Rush in 1849, but returned after his companion John von Pfister was murdered. He married a native Hawaiian Kaumana Mary Kapoli in 1854 and lived in Līhuʻe and he became sheriff of the island of Kauaʻi in 1854, was elected to the house of representatives in the legislature of the Hawaiian Kingdom in 1855, and in 1863 appointed its circuit judge. He started one of the first sugarcane plantations in Hawaii known as Grove Farm, during the American Civil War he supported the Confederate States. After selling Grove Farm to its manager George Norton Wilcox, in 1865 he moved to Honolulu to work in the capital, on July 10,1869 he was appointed to the kingdoms supreme court, despite never having any formal law school training. In 1878 he started the Waianae Sugar Company in the Waiʻanae district of Oʻahu island, on February 25,1891 he was appointed as Minister of Finance to Queen Liliʻuokalani, but had to resign two weeks later on March 10. He was temporarily replaced by Samuel Parker, and then John Mott-Smith, after Mott-Smith was sent to Washington, DC to attempt to negotiate a trade treaty, Parker served again briefly until Widemann resumed his duties as minister of finance. He also filled in briefly as Attorney General from July 27,1892 to August 29,1892, Widemann was interviewed by US Commissioner James H. Blount in preparing his Blount Report on May 20,1893. He was the first to experiment with the Guatemalan variety of coffea tree, after a funeral in the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace, he was buried in Oahu Cemetery. He was survived by two sons and seven daughters and his son Carl Widemann married Helen Umiokalani Parker, daughter of Samuel Parker in July 1899. A street is named for him in Mākaha at 21°28′15″N 158°13′1″W