Category:Members of the Kingdom of Hawaii Privy Council
Pages in category "Members of the Kingdom of Hawaii Privy Council"
The following 82 pages are in this category, out of 82 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 82 pages are in this category, out of 82 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Julia Alapai – Julia Alapaʻi Kauwaʻa was a high chiefess of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Her name has been given as Julia Alapaʻi Kauwa and sometimes as Juliana instead, born in circa 1814, her father was High Chief Nāhili and her mother was High Chiefess Kauwaʻa. Nāhili was the master for Kamehameha I and considered one of his most brilliant generals. Her mother was the youngest daughter of King Alapaʻinui and his wife Kamaua and her sister was Kaulunae, who married Kanehiwa and was the mother of Lipoa and Julia Moemalie. She also had a half-brother named Kaniukahi, the son of her father Nahili by another wife named Nakaiwahine, who one of the companions of Prince Liholiho. Thus, she would have been a relative of the powerful Queen Kaʻahumanu. She became a friend and attendant of Princess Nāhiʻenaʻena, the youngest daughter of Kamehameha I and his most sacred wife Keōpūolani. She married John Kaleipaihala Young II, more known as Keoni Ana, the son of Kamehameha Is most trusted advisor John Young. The couple remained childless, so, in 1836, they adopted in the Hawaiian tradition of hānai their nephew Peter Kaʻeo and they also hānai her niece Julia Moemalie. Christian law lapsed for a period of time after the death of Kaʻahumanu and Hoapili, the court and capital of the Kingdom was still centered at Mokuʻula and Hale Piula in Lahaina. During this time, it was said that Alapaʻi became a mistress of Kamehameha III along with her husbands sister Jane Lahilahi while Keoni Ana had an affair with the kings wife Queen Kalama. Both Alapaʻi and her husband were trusted advisors of the king and she served in the House of Nobles, the upper house of the Hawaiian legislature, from 1845 to 1849, and served as a member of the Privy Council from 1848 to 1849. While most women in the United States had few rights, a number of Hawaiian chiefesses were active in politic. An anonymous journalist of the Boston Atlas in a letter to editor wrote about the first official opening of the Hawaiian legislature in Honolulu in 1845, the effect of the whole was made the more pleasing by the rich and tasteful attire of some 50 to 100 ladies present. The female chiefs here, by the constitution of the country, take a part in governmental affairs, are governors. I do not think their average weight can be less than 200 or 225 each, however, they were dressed with excellent taste, and appeared to very good advantage. Alapaʻi died suddenly on August 2,1849 of apoplexy just before the invasion of Honolulu by French naval captain Louis Tromelin and her death prompted both her husband and the King to return to the capital from Hilo just in time to address the political crisis. Alapai Street in Honolulu is named after her and her lands eventually became part of the estates of Queen Emma which are now part of the trust of The Queens Medical Center, the hospital that she helped established
2. William DeWitt Alexander – William DeWitt Alexander was an educator, author and linguist in the Kingdom of Hawaii and Republic of Hawaii. He then constructed maps for the Territory of Hawaii, Alexander was born in Honolulu April 2,1833. His father was missionary William Patterson Alexander and mother Mary Ann McKinney and he was named after William Radcliffe DeWitt a Presbyterian pastor of his mother, who convinced her and her brother Edmund McKinney to become missionaries. He graduated from Punahou School in 1849, and traveled to New England to enroll at Yale and he received a BA degree from Yale in 1855 as Salutatorian, a Master of Arts in 1858, and was a member of Skull and Bones. He returned to Hawaii and joined the faculty of Punahou School as a professor of Greek and he married Abigail Charlotte Baldwin, daughter of missionary Dwight Baldwin in 1861. He became the president of Punahou in the summer of 1864. Mills and his wife Susan Tolman Mills then founded Mills College, during this time Alexander published books on Hawaiian history and the Hawaiian language. His younger brother Samuel Thomas Alexander founded Alexander & Baldwin with his wifes brother Henry Perrine Baldwin, the swimming pool and athletic field at the school are named for Alexander family members. In spring 1871 Alexander became Royal Surveyor-General, and Edward Payson Church replaced him as president of Punahou, on November 6,1874 he was appointed to the Board of education, and then in 1896 Commissioner of Public Instruction. He served on the Privy Council of State, the council for King Kalākaua. After Hawaii was annexed into the United States in 1898, Alexander was surveyor of the Territory of Hawaii and he assisted the U. S. National Geodetic Survey mapping the islands. He was a member of the Hawaiian Historical Society and served as its first corresponding secretary. He wrote many articles for its journal, Yale awarded him an honorary Doctor of laws degree in 1903. He died February 21,1913 at the Queens Medical Center in Honolulu and he and his wife are buried in the cemetery at Kawaiahaʻo Church, across the street from where he was born. Daughter Mary Charlotte Alexander wrote a biography of both her grandfathers and a history of Hawaii, daughter Agnes Baldwin Alexander became a follower of the Baháí Faith and author. She learned the Esperanto language and moved to Japan and he had sons William Douglas Alexander, Arthur Chambers Alexander, and Henry Edward Mansfield Alexander. William Douglas, was in San Francisco during the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and he survived with only a few important papers stuffed in his coat. Arthur became a professor of Physics at the University of California, Berkeley, a short synopsis of the most essential points in Hawaiian grammar
3. Elisha Hunt Allen – Elisha Hunt Allen was an American congressman, lawyer and diplomat, and judge and diplomat for the Kingdom of Hawaii. Elisha Hunt Allen was born January 28,1804 in New Salem and his father was Massachusetts minister, lawyer, and politician Samuel Clesson Allen and mother was Mary Hunt. He attended New Salem Academy and graduated from Williams College in 1823, Allen was admitted to the bar in 1825 and commenced practice in Brattleboro, Vermont. In 1828 he married Sarah Elizabeth Fessenden and they had four children, but she died in 1845. In 1830 he moved to Bangor, Maine and entered practice with John Appleton. Appleton would also marry Allens sister Sarah in 1834, Allen was a member of Bangors first City Council, from 1834, and from 1835 to 1840 was a member of the Maine House of Representatives, representing Bangor. He served as its Speaker in 1838, from 1841 until 1843, he served in the U. S. House of Representatives as a member of the Whig party, but his district was eliminated before the next election based on census data. He ran in the 1842 election against Hannibal Hamlin but was defeated, from 1850 to 1853, he was United States Consul in Honolulu, Hawaii under president Millard Fillmore. He realized the potential for the Hawaiian Islands to provide products to the growing number of people in the California Gold Rush and tried to negotiate a trade treaty. Within weeks he was appointed Minister of Finance for King Kamehameha III replacing Gerrit P. Judd and he openly advocated annexation of the islands by the United States, and opposed French and British influence. However, when King Kamehameha IV came to the throne in 1855, in June 1856 he sailed back to New England and married Mary Harrod Hobbs in Philadelphia on March 11,1857. Mary was daughter of another former Maine legislator Frederick Hobbs, the couple returned to Honolulu, where from June 1857 through February 1877 Allen was Chief Justice of the Kingdom of Hawaii Supreme Court. During Kamehameha IV and Queen Emmas wedding in 1856, he offered his own wedding band to the king to allow the ceremony to continue, the Allens first-born son Frederick Hobbs Allen was born ten days after Prince Albert Edward Kauikeaouli Kaleiopapa, and the two children became playmates. The prince died when he was four years old. Frederick would serve as his fathers secretary, graduate from Harvard Law School in 1883, in August 1864 he served as Chancellor for the coronation of King Kamehameha V under the new 1864 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii. He was Minister Plenipotentiary from the Kingdom of Hawaii to the United States since 1856 until his sudden death, in 1864 he tried again to negotiate a trade treaty. During the American Civil War sugar shipments from the American South were interrupted, in 1867 he bought a sugarcane plantation in an area called Princeville, Hawaii after the young Prince brought up with his son. He negotiated for the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875 which this time was signed by Ulysses S. Grant, the treaty removed tariffs but gave the U. S. the use of Pearl Harbor, which was not a popular concession with native Hawaiians
4. William Fessenden Allen – William Fessenden Allen was an American businessman in the Kingdom of Hawaii and Republic of Hawaii. William Fessenden Allen was born December 19,1831 in Bangor and his mother was Sarah Elizabeth Fessenden. His father was politician and diplomat Elisha Hunt Allen, after his mother died in 1845, he was brought up by his mothers mother Patty Fessenden in Brattleboro, Vermont, along with his brother and his two sisters. Allen attended Williams College from 1848 to 1850, when his father was appointed Consul to the Kingdom of Hawaii, they sailed to Honolulu and arrived on May 31,1850. However, the young Allen was attracted to the California Gold Rush, in 1852 he joined his father in Hawaii and worked as bookkeeper in a store selling supplies to whaling ships. He officially renounced his American citizenship and became naturalized to the Kingdom of Hawaii on June 19,1860, Allen married Cordelia Church Bishop, the cousin of banker Charles Reed Bishop, in 1865 at San Francisco. He served as president of the plantation in Princeville, Hawaii when his father traveled back to Washington. Allen served as the Collector General of Customs for the Kingdom of Hawaii from January 1,1864 until September 19,1884, on March 5,1867 King Kamehameha V appointed him to his staff with ceremonial rank of Colonel. He was reappointed by King Lunalilo in 1873 and King Kalākaua in 1874, Kalākaua appointed Allen to his Privy Council on January 18,1879. After the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii Allen was on the Advisory Council of the Provisional Government of Hawaii, allens health started to fail in 1905 and he died after suffering a stroke February 5,1906 in Honolulu
5. Lorrin Andrews – Lorrin Andrews was an early American missionary to Hawaii and judge. He opened the first post-secondary school for Hawaiians called Lahainaluna Seminary, prepared a Hawaiian dictionary and several works on the literature and his students published the first newspaper, and were involved in the first case of counterfeiting currency in Hawaii. He later served as a judge and became a member of Hawaiis first Supreme Court, Lorrin Andrews was born in East Windsor, Connecticut, on April 29,1795. He graduated from Jefferson College, Pennsylvania, and attended Princeton Theological Seminary and he married Mary Ann Wilson from Washington, Kentucky on August 16,1827. The marriage produced seven children, son Lorrin Jr. daughters Elizabeth Maria, Sarah, sons Robert Wilson, Samuel, William, Sarah would marry Asa Goodale Thurston, son of Asa and Lucy Goodale Thurston, earlier missionaries from the first company to the islands. Sarahs son, Lorrin Andrews Thurston, played a role in later Hawaiian history. He sailed for the Hawaiian Islands in November 1827, on the ship Parthian, the physician Gerrit P. Judd was also in this third company from the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. He was assigned to the mission at Lahaina, Hawaii on the island of Maui which had established by William Richards in 1823. He moved to Honolulu in 1845 where he died on September 29,1868, one of his first tasks after arriving in March 1828 was to learn the Hawaiian language. On his voyage he had transcribed a list of Hawaiian words which had been sent back to the New England mission office in 1827. In June 1831 the mission hoped to establish a seminary on Maui, Andrews was selected to run the school. He and Richards suggested a site two miles inland from the village of Lahaina, which was later called Lahainaluna for upper Lahaina. On September 5,1831 classes began in thatched huts with 25 married Hawaiian young men and it was the first college west of the Rocky Mountains. The students built a building by 1832. The first classes were reading and writing, since the Hawaiian language was only oral before the missionaries, next Arithmetic and Geography were added. By the end of the year, enrollment had reached 85. Andrews served as principal, and then professor for ten years, notable early students include David Malo and Samuel Kamakau. By May 1832 he helped translate the New Testament of the Bible into Hawaiian, other ministers involved included Richards, Asa Thurston, and Hiram Bingham I
6. Asher B. Bates – Asher B. Bates was a lawyer and politician in the United States state of Michigan and in the Kingdom of Hawaii. His father was also named Asher Bates, so he is sometimes called Asher Bates Jr. Bates was born May 2,1810 in Le Roy, Genesee County, New York. He graduated from Union College in 1828 and came to Detroit, Michigan in 1831, where he was an attorney, Justice of the Peace, City Attorney, and City Recorder. In 1838, he served as Mayor of Detroit after the resignation of Augustus S. Porter to run for the U. S. Senate and he was also an agent for the Protection Insurance Company of Hartford. He married Lucilla Beals October 23,1832, but she died in 1839 and he established the practice of Farnsworth & Bates with Elon Farnsworth. They were joined by Henry N. Walker in 1836, who had studied law in their office. In 1837, Farnsworth left the firm to become chancellor of the court of Michigan and with the addition of Samuel T. Douglass. The firm of Walker & Douglass continued after Bates departure for several years until they were joined by James V. Campbell, both Campbell and Douglass served terms on the Michigan Supreme Court and both Farnsworth and Walker served as Michigan Attorney General. He married Elizabeth Gertrude Judd December 6,1843, at some point he moved from Detroit to Jackson County, Michigan, where he ran unsuccessfully as a Whig Party candidate for Justice of Probate in 1844. By July 1848 he had emigrated to the Hawaiian Islands and became a citizen of the Kingdom of Hawaii, Bates was brother-in-law of Gerrit P. Judd, a former American missionary doctor who was then a power cabinet minister. He served from August 21,1849 to 1853 on the Privy Council of King Kamehameha III, on November 1,1849 he became Registrar of Conveyances until August 3,1859. Although the office of Attorney General was not officially part of the cabinet since the resignation of flamboyant but short-lived John Ricord, Ricord had help design the executive branch and served as combined Attorney General and Registrar, or chief Notary Public. Bates was succeeded by Thomas Brown who served until 1886 and he moved to San Francisco in 1863 to become a bankruptcy judge and died on June 1,1873. of leprosy contracted while in Hawaii. The city of Detroit, Michigan, 1701-1922, De Land, Charles V. De Lands history of Jackson county, Michigan. Durant, Samuel W. History of Oakland County, Michigan, the history of Detroit and Michigan. The red book of Michigan, a civil, military and biographical history, General history of the state of Michigan
7. Charles Reed Bishop – Charles Reed Bishop was an American businessman, politician, and philanthropist in Hawaii. Born in Glens Falls, New York, he sailed to Hawaii in 1846 at the age of 24 and he served several monarchs in appointed positions in the kingdom, before its overthrow in 1893 by Americans from the United States and organization as the Territory of Hawaii. Bishop was one of the first trustees of and a donor to the Kamehameha Schools. He founded Hawaiis first successful bank, now known as First Hawaiian Bank, based on his business success, he also founded the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, named for his late wife. On January 25,1822, Charles Reed Bishop was born to Maria and Samuel Bishop in Glen Falls and his father was a toll collector for ship traffic on the Hudson River near the town. Charles mother Maria died two weeks after giving birth to her son, Henry. Their father Samuel Bishop died when Charles was four, and the boy was taken in by his grandfather on his 125-acre farm in Warrensburg, Charles Bishop worked on his grandfathers farm, learning how to care for sheep, cattle, and horses. While living with his grandfather, Bishop was baptized in a Methodist church, Bishop spent his early years of education at a village school, and finished his formal schooling at 8th grade, as was customary for many boys in that period. Bishop was hired as a clerk and soon started working for Nelson J. Warren and he befriended William Little Lee from nearby Hudson Falls, then called Sandy Hill. Charles paternal uncle Linus Bishop married Lees sister Eliza, after attending Harvard Law School, Lee persuaded Bishop to go with him to the Oregon Territory for new opportunities. The two young men sailed for Oregon on the Henry out of New York City, leaving February 23,1846, by October the ship had rounded Cape Horn and needed to stop in Honolulu for provisions. At this time, the islands were governed by the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. Lee was recruited to stay as the second western-trained lawyer in the Hawaiian islands, Bishop decided to stay as well. He soon was hired by some Americans to sort out the land deal of Ladd & Co. which was the first major formal law proceeding. He next worked for the U. S. Consul, on February 27,1849 Bishop became accepted as a citizen of the Kingdom of Hawaii. He became an investor with Henry A. Peirce and Lee in a plantation on the island of Kauaʻi. From 1849 to 1853 he served as Collector General of Customs, on May 4,1850 he married Bernice Pauahi Pākī, of the royal House of Kamehameha, despite the objections of her parents. Their private ceremony in the Royal School was not attended by her family, within a year her father Pākī made peace with the marriage and invited the couple to live in the family estate called Haleakala