Category:Members of the Kingdom of Hawaii Privy Council
Pages in category "Members of the Kingdom of Hawaii Privy Council"
The following 82 pages are in this category, out of 82 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 82 pages are in this category, out of 82 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Lorrin Andrews – Lorrin Andrews was an early American missionary to Hawaii and judge. He opened the first post-secondary school for Hawaiians called Lahainaluna Seminary, prepared a Hawaiian dictionary and several works on the literature and his students published the first newspaper, and were involved in the first case of counterfeiting currency in Hawaii. He later served as a judge and became a member of Hawaiis first Supreme Court, Lorrin Andrews was born in East Windsor, Connecticut, on April 29,1795. He graduated from Jefferson College, Pennsylvania, and attended Princeton Theological Seminary and he married Mary Ann Wilson from Washington, Kentucky on August 16,1827. The marriage produced seven children, son Lorrin Jr. daughters Elizabeth Maria, Sarah, sons Robert Wilson, Samuel, William, Sarah would marry Asa Goodale Thurston, son of Asa and Lucy Goodale Thurston, earlier missionaries from the first company to the islands. Sarahs son, Lorrin Andrews Thurston, played a role in later Hawaiian history. He sailed for the Hawaiian Islands in November 1827, on the ship Parthian, the physician Gerrit P. Judd was also in this third company from the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. He was assigned to the mission at Lahaina, Hawaii on the island of Maui which had established by William Richards in 1823. He moved to Honolulu in 1845 where he died on September 29,1868, one of his first tasks after arriving in March 1828 was to learn the Hawaiian language. On his voyage he had transcribed a list of Hawaiian words which had been sent back to the New England mission office in 1827. In June 1831 the mission hoped to establish a seminary on Maui, Andrews was selected to run the school. He and Richards suggested a site two miles inland from the village of Lahaina, which was later called Lahainaluna for upper Lahaina. On September 5,1831 classes began in thatched huts with 25 married Hawaiian young men and it was the first college west of the Rocky Mountains. The students built a building by 1832. The first classes were reading and writing, since the Hawaiian language was only oral before the missionaries, next Arithmetic and Geography were added. By the end of the year, enrollment had reached 85. Andrews served as principal, and then professor for ten years, notable early students include David Malo and Samuel Kamakau. By May 1832 he helped translate the New Testament of the Bible into Hawaiian, other ministers involved included Richards, Asa Thurston, and Hiram Bingham I
2. Sanford B. Dole – Sanford Ballard Dole was a lawyer and jurist in the Hawaiian Islands as a kingdom, protectorate, republic and territory. A descendant of the American missionary community to Hawaii, Dole advocated the westernization and destruction of Hawaiian government, after the overthrow of the monarchy, he served as President of Hawaii until his government secured Hawaiis annexation by the United States. Dole was born April 23,1844 in Honolulu to Protestant Christian missionaries from Maine in the United States and his father was Daniel Dole principal at Punahou School and mother was Emily Hoyt Ballard. His mother died from complications within a few days of his birth, Dole was named after his uncle, Sandford K. Ballard, who was a classmate of his fathers at Bowdoin College who died in 1841. He was nursed by a native Hawaiian, and his father remarried to Charlotte Close Knapp in 1846, in 1855 the family moved to Kōloa on the island of Kauaʻi, where they operated another school. Dole attended Punahou school for one year, and then Williams College in 1866–1867 and he worked in a law office in Boston for another year, and although he never attended law school, he received an honorary LL. D. degree from Williams in 1897. In December 1880 he was commissioned as a Notary Public in Honolulu, Dole won the 1884 and 1886 elections to the legislature of the Hawaiian Kingdom as a representative from Kauaʻi. In addition, the new Constitution minimized the power of the Monarch in favor of more influential governance by the cabinet, Dole and other lawyers of American descent drafted this document, which became known as the Bayonet Constitution. King Kalākaua appointed Dole a justice of the Supreme Court of the Kingdom of Hawaii on December 28,1887, after Kalākauas death, his sister Queen Liliʻuokalani appointed him to her Privy Council on August 31,1891. The monarchy ended on January 17,1893 after the Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii organized by many of the actors involved in the 1887 revolt. Although Dole declined to officially be part of the Committee of Safety on January 14 and his cabinet included James A. King as minister of the interior, William Owen Smith as attorney general, and banker Peter Cushman Jones as minister of finance. Dole acted as minister of foreign affairs himself until February 15,1894, later Samuel Mills Damon would serve as minister of finance. With Grover Clevelands election as President of the United States, the Provisional Governments hopes of annexation were derailed for a time, indeed, Cleveland tried to directly help reinstate the monarchy, after an investigation led by James Henderson Blount. On November 16,1893, Albert Willis presented the Queen with Clevelands request that she grant amnesty to the Revolutionists in return for reinstatement, the Queen refused, and, according to Willis, demanded capital punishment for those involved. Queen Liliuokalani wrote in her book Hawaiis Story by Hawaiis Queen, the Provisional Government held a constitutional convention and on July 4,1894, established the Republic of Hawaii. Lorrin A. Thurston declined the presidency of the republic, Dole would serve as the first and only president from 1894 to 1898. Dole in turn appointed Thurston to lead an effort in Washington, DC. Dole was successful as a diplomat – every nation that recognized the Kingdom of Hawaii also recognized the republic, Doles government weathered several attempts to restore the monarchy, including an attempted armed rebellion, the January 24,1895 counter-revolution
3. Curtis P. Iaukea – Colonel Curtis Piʻehu Iʻaukea served as a court official, army officer and diplomat of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. He later became an official for the subsequent regimes of the Provisional Government. Iaukea was raised from an age to serve the Hawaiian royal family. He first gained prominence during the reign of King Kalākaua when he served as an important court official and he held numerous significant positions including governor of Oahu and chamberlain to the Royal Household. He also served as Hawaiis ambassador to Europe and Asia, attending the coronation of Tsar Alexander III of Russia, Iaukea received numerous Hawaiian honors and foreign decorations during his service to the kingdom. Following the overthrow of the monarchy, he continued to work for the subsequent regimes of the Provisional Government and he served as an officer on the military staff of President Sanford B. Dole and represented the Republic at the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria. As one of the last surviving representatives of the Hawaiian royal court, he served as business manager, Curtis Piʻehu Iʻaukea was born December 13,1855, in Waimea, on the island of Hawaii. Descended from the Hawaiian aliʻi class, his parents were John W. Iaukea and his father served as the district magistrate of Hamakua and their family were well-known on the island of Hawaii. From his paternal line, he descended from Namiki, a priest of the Pa‘ao order, and Kahiwa Kānekapōlei, a daughter of Kānekapōlei, the wife of Kalaniʻōpuʻu and Kamehameha I. While on his mothers side, he descended from Kalanipo or Nalanipo, a descendant of the ʻI clan of Hilo and his mothers family were also related to Kekuʻiapoiwa II, the mother of King Kamehameha I. His family were considered to be of the Hawaiian kaukau aliʻi rank, Iaukea was given the first name Curtis after Lyons son Curtis Jere Lyons. When he was presented to King Kamehameha IV as a young child. At court, he was known and referred to by his Hawaiian name Piʻehu, Iaukea was taken to the kingdoms capital at Honolulu to live with Kaihupaʻa and his wife Keliaipala. They lived near the grounds of the old ʻIolani Palace, in the building of the former Royal School, renamed Halepoepoe, this building had been turned into a home for royal retainers and the kahu for the reigning King Kamehameha IV. Around the time he was five or six, Iaukea fell into a well and his uncle Kaihupaʻa broke his foot in the process of saving him, Iaukea was raised at the Hawaiian court to become a kahu and continue his family kuleana of serving the Hawaiian royal family. The young boy was intended to be raised as a page or valet, and companion for Prince Albert Edward Kamehameha and these plans were never realized because the prince died in 1862, at the age of four. As a ward of the Hawaiian government, he was sent to an Anglican boarding school, here he first developed a friendship with William Pitt Leleiohoku, the hānai son of Princess Keʻelikōlani. Their bond was later compared to the friendship of Damon and Pythias, in 1870, he returned to Oahu when the school was again relocated back to the original site of St. Albans College
4. Kamehameha IV – His full Hawaiian name was Alekanetero ʻIolani Kalanikualiholiho Maka o ʻIouli Kūnuiākea o Kūkāʻilimoku. Alexander was born on February 9,1834 in Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu and his father was High Chief Mataio Kekūanāoʻa, Royal Governor of Oʻahu. His mother was Princess Elizabeth Kīnaʻu the Kuhina Nui or Prime Minister of the Kingdom and he was the grandson of all the islands. As a toddler, Alexander was adopted by his uncle, King Kamehameha III who decreed Alexander heir to the throne and his name ʻIolani means “Hawk of heaven, ” or “Royal hawk”. Alexander Liholiho was educated by Congregationalist missionaries Amos and Juliette Cooke at the Chiefs Childrens School in Honolulu and he was accompanied by 30 attendants when he arrived, but they were sent home and for the first time Liholiho was on his own. Alexander Liholiho played the flute and the piano, and enjoyed singing, acting, when he was 14 he left the Royal School and went to law school. When he was 15, he went on a government trip to England, the United States, Liholiho was able to record the events of his trip in a journal. A diplomatic mission was planned following Admiral de Tromelins 1849 attack on the fort of Honolulu, contention surrounded three issues, regulations of Catholic schools, high taxes on French brandy, and the use of French language in transactions with the consul and citizens of France. Although this struggle had gone on for years, the Hawaiian king finally sent Gerrit P. Judd to try for the second time to negotiate a treaty with France. Envoys Haʻalilio and William Richards had gone on the mission in 1842. It was hoped the treaty would secure the islands against future attacks such as the one it had just suffered at the hands of Admiral de Tromelin. Advisors to Kamehameha III thought it best that the apparent, Alexander. With the supervision of their guardian Dr. Judd, Alexander, after their tour of California, they continued on to Panama, Jamaica, New York City and Washington, D. C. They toured Europe and met with heads of state. Speaking both French and English, Alexander was well received in European society and he met president of France Louis Napoleon. Mr. Judd was the first one taken notice of, and both of them made slight bows to each other, Lot and myself then bowed, to which the returned with a slight bend of the vertebras. He then advanced and said, This is your first visit to Paris and he asked us if we liked Paris to which we replied, very much, indeed. He then said, I am very gratified to see you, you having come from so far a country, he turned towards the doctor and said
5. Jonah Kapena – Jonah Kapena, also spelled Iona Kapena, was a royal advisor and statesman in the Kingdom of Hawaii who helped draft the 1840 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii. In addition to his career as a member of the House of Nobles, he also served as a judge. Nothing is known of Kapenas early life except that he was born into a family from the strata of Hawaiian nobility. In 1831, he became a member of the first class of the Lahainaluna Seminary under American missionary Lorrin Andrews and his classmates included historian David Malo and Samuel Kamakau and politicians Boaz Mahune and Timothy Haʻalilio. He graduated in 1835 after four years in the school, many graduates of Lahainaluna became politicians or advisors in the court of King Kamehameha III. Kapena became the secretary and advisor to Kīnaʻu, the Kuhina Nui, in an effort to establish a stable government against colonial ambitions, King Kamehameha III, the Kuhina Nui and the council of chiefs sought to make Hawaii a constitutional monarchy. Kapena and Boaz Mahune assisted American missionary William Richards in the endeavor of drafting this document, Mahune and the graduates at Lahainaluna were chiefly credited with drafting the Declaration of Rights of 1839 in the contemporary newspaper The Polynesian. The 1840 constitution codified the existing structure of the kingdom and created the Hawaiian Supreme Court. Kapena worked as a clerk during the 1841 session of the Legislature Assembly at Lahaina. This session was the first time that the King and his nobles had met as a governing body since the ratification of the Constitution in 1840. He served as a clerk to the again in 1843 with George Luther Kapeau. In 1842, Kapena was elected by the legislature to serve as one of the four Assistant Judges of the Supreme Court of Hawaii. This court was the first formed in the Kingdom of Hawaii between 1842 and 1848, and was headed by King Kamehameha III and Kuhina Nui Kekāuluohi, and by Keoni Ana after Kekāuluohis death. The four judges appointed in 1842 were not Associate Justices but served the same capacity as assistant to the Chief Justice, Kapena sat as a judge from 1842 to 1848, when the body was reformed under Chief Justice William Little Lee. In 1845, Kapena was also appointed a member of the House of Nobles. Kapena was among the first group of six lesser chiefs chosen, as a member of the House of Nobles, Kapena would go on to serve in multiple legislative sessions between 1850 and 1866. Kapena was also later appointed Circuit Judge for Oahu and his obituary said that in this office he gave satisfaction to all. After the accession of King Kamehameha V in 1864, Kapena was also appointed as a member of the Privy Council of State, in addition to his political positions, Kapena worked as a newspaper editor
6. Samuel Parker (Hawaii) – Samuel Parker, known as Kamuela Parker was a major landowner and businessman on the island of Hawaii, heir to the Parker Ranch estate. He was also a political figure at a critical time of the history of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Samuel Parker was born on June 23,1853 and his paternal grandfather, John Palmer Parker, was a member of the eponymous Parker House Hotel family. John Parker was born in Boston, Massachusetts, but settled in the Hawaiian Islands and he founded the Hawaiian branch of the family when he married Chiefess Kipikane, who was related to the high-ranking chiefs of the Big Island. Johns younger son, and Samuels father, was Ebenezer Parker, Ebenezer Parker also married a Hawaiian woman, Kilia Nahulanui, on June 7,1849. Despite his regular, American-sounding name and upbringing, Samuel Parker was of three-quarters native Hawaiian ancestry, Samuel Parkers life was influenced by some early deaths in the family. His father Ebenezer had died in 1855, when Samuel was only two years old, Samuel was the second son but his only brother, Ebenezer Christian Parker II, then died in 1860, at the age of ten. Samuel was educated at Oahu College, now known as Punahou School, there he made lasting friendships with his contemporaries among the Hawaiian nobility, a social connection that would prove very helpful in adulthood. Grandfather John Parker - who did have a long life - died, in 1868, Samuel thus found himself the co-proprietor, with his fathers elder brother, of the eponymous Parker Ranch. The uncle was John Palmer Parker II, who was married to a Hawaiian lady. In 1879, they moved from the Ranch to a larger and more accessible estate, more suited to their status as a wealthy and prominent couple who liked to entertain. This left the Ranch house to Samuel and growing, new family, however, when Samuel took over, he also left the cowboy work, and later the management, to others and was soon looking for further business opportunities. Samuel married Harriet Panana Kaiwaokalani Napela on August 23,1871 and she was the daughter of Jonathan Napela who was an early convert to Mormonism, She was also three-quarters Hawaiian, and also known as Harriet Richardson, after her mothers maiden name. Samuel and Harriet Parker had nine children and their first daughter was Mary Kihilani Parker. The second daughter, Eva Kalanikauleleiaiwi Parker, married her cousin James Frank Woods, the third daughter, Helen Umiokalani Parker, married Carl Widemann, son of Hermann Widemann. They had one daughter Annie Thelma Kahiluonapuaopiilani Parker March 17,1894, Thelma married Henry Gaillard Smart July 25,1912 in Honolulu. And had one son Richard Palmer Smart, born on May 21,1913, however, she also died soon afterwards, in 1914, aged only 20. Other children were, Harriet Hattie Kaonohilani Parker, Palmer Kuihelani Parker, Samuel Keaoulilani Parker, Ernest Napela Parker, Parkers uncle, John Palmer Parker II, died in November 1891
7. Charles Reed Bishop – Charles Reed Bishop was an American businessman, politician, and philanthropist in Hawaii. Born in Glens Falls, New York, he sailed to Hawaii in 1846 at the age of 24 and he served several monarchs in appointed positions in the kingdom, before its overthrow in 1893 by Americans from the United States and organization as the Territory of Hawaii. Bishop was one of the first trustees of and a donor to the Kamehameha Schools. He founded Hawaiis first successful bank, now known as First Hawaiian Bank, based on his business success, he also founded the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, named for his late wife. On January 25,1822, Charles Reed Bishop was born to Maria and Samuel Bishop in Glen Falls and his father was a toll collector for ship traffic on the Hudson River near the town. Charles mother Maria died two weeks after giving birth to her son, Henry. Their father Samuel Bishop died when Charles was four, and the boy was taken in by his grandfather on his 125-acre farm in Warrensburg, Charles Bishop worked on his grandfathers farm, learning how to care for sheep, cattle, and horses. While living with his grandfather, Bishop was baptized in a Methodist church, Bishop spent his early years of education at a village school, and finished his formal schooling at 8th grade, as was customary for many boys in that period. Bishop was hired as a clerk and soon started working for Nelson J. Warren and he befriended William Little Lee from nearby Hudson Falls, then called Sandy Hill. Charles paternal uncle Linus Bishop married Lees sister Eliza, after attending Harvard Law School, Lee persuaded Bishop to go with him to the Oregon Territory for new opportunities. The two young men sailed for Oregon on the Henry out of New York City, leaving February 23,1846, by October the ship had rounded Cape Horn and needed to stop in Honolulu for provisions. At this time, the islands were governed by the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. Lee was recruited to stay as the second western-trained lawyer in the Hawaiian islands, Bishop decided to stay as well. He soon was hired by some Americans to sort out the land deal of Ladd & Co. which was the first major formal law proceeding. He next worked for the U. S. Consul, on February 27,1849 Bishop became accepted as a citizen of the Kingdom of Hawaii. He became an investor with Henry A. Peirce and Lee in a plantation on the island of Kauaʻi. From 1849 to 1853 he served as Collector General of Customs, on May 4,1850 he married Bernice Pauahi Pākī, of the royal House of Kamehameha, despite the objections of her parents. Their private ceremony in the Royal School was not attended by her family, within a year her father Pākī made peace with the marriage and invited the couple to live in the family estate called Haleakala