Category:Military and war museums in Kansas
Pages in category "Military and war museums in Kansas"
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Fort Harker (Kansas) – Fort Harker, located in Kanopolis, Kansas, was an active military installation of the United States Army from November 17,1866 to October 5,1872. The fortification was named after General Charles Garrison Harker, who was killed in action at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain in the American Civil War. Fort Harker replaced Fort Ellsworth, which had been located 1.6 km from the location of Fort Harker and was abandoned after the new fortifications at Fort Harker were constructed. Fort Harker was a distribution point for all military points farther west and was one of the most important military stations west of the Missouri River. Fort Ellsworth was established in August,1864 at the junction of the Fort Riley-Fort Larned Road, Fort Ellsworth was established as the command headquarters for the District of the Upper Arkansas. Soldiers at the fort patrolled the trails to protect wagon trains from any resistance from the Native American tribes in the area. The fort also served an important role in distributing supplies to other United States Army outposts further west. Fort Ellsworth connected supply lines from Fort Leavenworth and Fort Riley to the east with Fort Zarah, Fort Larned, Fort Dodge, Fort Hays, after two years of rapid growth, the fort was badly in need of better facilities and more space. Military orders for the construction of a new fort to replace Fort Ellsworth were issued by General Winfield S. Hancock, commander of the Division of the Missouri, the new fort would be located approximately 1.6 km northeast of Fort Ellsworth. Construction may have begun before the order, as Fort Ellsworth had a master carpenter, a master mason, five carpenters. Based on the number of contractors on the forts payroll. In June 1867, the remainder of the buildings at old Fort Ellsworth were ordered torn down, Fort Ellsworth was sold to land developers and became the town of Ellsworth, Kansas. Soon after the completion of construction, the railroad arrived at Fort Harker. The Union Pacific Eastern Division completed a line to Fort Harker in July 1867, the rail line ran through the fort, and a depot was established just outside the fort. Two large warehouses were next to the line, which became the principal resupply route for the fort. By the end of 1867, the fort supported a four-company garrison, in the summer of 1867, an Asiatic cholera outbreak began amongst the soldiers of the four companies of the 38th Infantry stationed at the fort. The disease may have arrived with the 38th, who traveled to the fort from St. Louis, Missouri, the first case of cholera at the fort was diagnosed on June 28. Within days, one civilian and one soldier had died from the disease, the Post Quarter Master reported that 58 citizens were buried during the month of June
2. Fort Hays – Fort Hays, originally named Fort Fletcher, was a United States Army fort near Hays, Kansas. Active from 1865 to 1889, it was an important frontier post during the American Indian Wars of the late 19th century, reopened as a historical park in 1929, it is now operated by the Kansas Historical Society as the Fort Hays State Historic Site. To protect Butterfield Overland Despatch stage and freight wagons traveling the Smoky Hill Trail from Cheyenne and Arapaho attacks, named after then governor of Missouri Thomas C. Fletcher, the fort was located on the trail 1⁄4 mile south of the confluence of Big Creek, Lt. Col. William Tamblyn and three companies of the 1st U. S. Volunteer Infantry established the post and were stationed there along with detachments of the 13th Missouri Cavalry, raids on the stage line continued despite the military presence, and the line soon went bankrupt. Use of the trail ceased, and Fort Fletcher closed on May 5,1866, the U. S. Army reopened Fort Fletcher on October 11,1866 at the confluence of Big Creek and its north fork, 1⁄4 mile north of the previous site. This time, the purpose of the fort was to protect workers building the Union Pacific Eastern Division railway westward, parallel to the Smoky Hill Trail. A month later, in November, the Army renamed the post Fort Hays after Brig. Gen. Alexander Hays who was killed at the Battle of the Wilderness during the American Civil War. On June 7,1867, a flood nearly destroyed the fort, killing nine soldiers. The Army planned to use Fort Hays as a depot for other posts in the region. But, the path of the railroad was five miles to the north, between that and the flood, the Army decided to relocate the fort. On orders from Maj. Gen. Winfield Hancock, Maj. Alfred Gibbs chose a new location 15 miles to the northwest where the railway would cross Big Creek, the Army occupied this site, moving Fort Hays to its final location, on June 23,1867. Attracted by the new location and the railroad’s westward extension, settlers soon arrived and established the communities of Rome and Hays City nearby. The Fort Hays reservation occupied an area of approximately 7,500 acres. Like other forts on the Great Plains, it was not a true fortification, there was no wall around the post, and the only defensive structure was a blockhouse. The post was designed as a base for supplies and troops who could be dispatched into the field to protect vulnerable people, development of the fort continued over time, and, at one point, it included around 45 buildings. A cholera epidemic struck the late in the summer of 1867. Among the victims was Elizabeth Polly, a woman who had been ministering to the ill at the fort
3. Fort Larned National Historic Site – Fort Larned National Historic Site preserves Fort Larned which operated from 1859 to 1878. It is approximately 5.5 miles west of Larned, Kansas, the Camp on Pawnee Fork was established on October 22,1859 to protect traffic along the Santa Fe Trail from hostile American Indians. It was renamed Camp Alert in 1860, as the garrison of about 50 men had to remain constantly alert for Indians. In May 1860 it was moved upstream,3 miles 30 miles to the west up the Pawnee Fork, and by the end of the month was renamed Fort Larned. It served the purpose as Camp Alert and as an agency for the administration of the Central Plains Indians by the Bureau of Indian Affairs under the terms of the Fort Wise Treaty of 1861. The forts service ended as a combination of the relocation to reservations. Larned, Kansas and the fort that was constructed there are named in honor of Colonel Benjamin F. Larned, Larned experienced a lengthy military career, first serving as an ensign in the 21st Infantry during the War of 1812. He was promoted to captain after the defense of Fort Erie, despite the town and fort bearing his name, Colonel Larned ironically never came to Kansas. As the American government claimed vast amounts of land west of the Mississippi River, trade, according to one source in 1859, trade had risen $10,000,000 annually. In the Missouri Republican, it was reported that 2,300 men,1970 wagons,840 horses,4,000 mules,15,000 oxen,73 carriages and it became apparent an additional fortification was required to protect the trade routes. Fort Larneds location was chosen by William Bent, an agent for the Upper Arkansas Indians, the forts original structures were poorly constructed and inadequate. After its establishment, nearby Plains Indians began to respect the trail commerce, in August,1861, Colonel Leavenworth, reporting from Fort Larned, stated the Indians had left the Santa Fe trail area and there was no apprehension of any hostilities. When the Civil War erupted in 1861, Fort Larned witnessed its first action, Soldiers in the regular army were removed from the post to join the growing conflict in the East, leaving the fort to be operated by volunteer troops from Kansas, Colorado, and Wisconsin. Raids and harassment of travelers by Plains Indians increased during the Civil War years, on July 17,1864, Kiowa Indians raided Fort Larned and stole 172 horses and mules from the corral. The raiders were pursued but never caught. In 1865 a system of escorting wagon trains was established, though the fort was never directly involved in any Civil War engagements, one incident nearly brought the fighting to Larned. In May 1862, Confederate General Albert Pike arranged an alliance with some Kiowa and Seminole Indians with intentions of capturing Forts Larned, the plan was never carried out, as the Indians left for their annual hunt when the weather improved. After the meeting, Hancock, along with George Armstrong Custer, Hancock ordered the village burned, beginning a summer of warfare known as Hancocks War. Fort Larned assisted in bringing Hancocks War to an end by supplying the Medicine Lodge Treaty, during the winter of 1868–69, U. S. Major General Philip H. Sheridan launched a campaign against the Cheyenne, Kiowa, and Comanche Indians in the Great Plains region
4. Fort Scott National Historic Site – Fort Scott National Historic Site is a historical area under the control of the United States National Park Service in Bourbon County, Kansas, United States. The current national historic site protects 20 historic structures, a parade ground and it is open to visitors most days of the year. In 1842, Fort Scott was named after Winfield Scott, was established on the American frontier on the road in eastern Kansas between Fort Leavenworth and Fort Gibson. It was established to provide protection to the increasing number of settlers. Fort Scott became one of a chain of forts intended to protect the new settlers from the Plains Indians, the United States government intention to reserve permanent Indian lands west of the Missouri River gave way to the competition of settlers continuing to encroach on the Indian settlements. Fort Scotts most active days were between 1842 and 1853, although it was used during the Civil War. The Cherokee of Indian Territory were upset to have Fort Wayne in their proximity, after some delay, the US Army decided to abandon Fort Wayne and move its soldiers to a new fort to be built between Fort Leavenworth and the site. The Army both wanted to placate the Cherokee and provide defense for white settlers and other Indians against the Osage. On April 1,1842, some soldiers of Fort Wayne left their fort and on April 22 arrived where Fort Scott would be built, in the Osage Cuestas section of modern-day Kansas. After haggling with the Cherokees to acquire the land, the rest of Fort Waynes garrison left the fort on May 26 and arrived at the Fort Scott site on May 30. Unlike most forts for use, the fort did not have defensive walls or structures when first built, the wide-open area. The soldiers concentrated on building structures for lodging the men, animals and these buildings were on the edges of a 350-foot parade ground. The post quartermaster, Captain Thomas Swords, was in charge of building Fort Scotts structures, and had to deal with the problems of construction on the Kansas prairie, which had few trees. He had only two bricklayers and three carpenters to rely on, as there were few civilians and most of the soldiers had other duties to perform, Wood was available, but the mill was built 1.5 miles away, making transport time consuming. Swords found his efforts plagued by lack of wood, skilled labor, freak accidents destroyed much of the wood intended for the forts construction. As a result, only one duplex of the five planned officers quarters was built by 1844, in his 1844 inspection of the fort, Colonel George Croghan reported that, in comparison to other frontier forts, he considered Fort Scott above average. Due to the tensions that escalated in the Mexican-American War. With Fort Scott still uncompleted, officials decided on April 25,1850, by the time it was finished, it was obsolete, three years later, it was abandoned by the military in favor of the more western Fort Riley
5. Kansas Aviation Museum – The Kansas Aviation Museum is a museum located in Wichita, Kansas, United States, near 31st South and George Washington Blvd. The building was the former Wichita Municipal Airport terminal from 1935 to 1951, source, * Kansas Aviation Museum The Kansas Aviation Museum is in the Terminal and Administration building of the former Municipal Airport in Wichita. The building and landing area are constructed on ground that had never been plowed and was known as the California section. The Park Board purchased 640 acres in 1928 and, with Glen Thomas as architect, started the building on July 1,1930, the building sat uncompleted until 1935 with a dedication on Sunday March 31,1935. Wichita was the last stop before crossing the Rocky Mountains to Denver or Los Angeles in those days, the airport was greatly needed for fuel and more importantly weather updates. As told in story after story, many people who landed, ate at the restaurant and milled about were legends of industry, fred Astaire, Bob Hope, Howard Hughes and countless other famous people all walked the terrazzo floors in what is now the Kansas Aviation Museum. It was tagged the Country Club without dues, during the oppressive heat of the 30s people would come out to the airport at night, spread out a blanket, enjoy the cool breezes and watch the incoming and outgoing aircraft. The building and its grounds set about 75 feet higher than downtown, the runways were paved in the late 30s as a WPA project as was finishing the building in 1935. The additions on the east and west end of the building were added in 1942 and 1943, the upper part of the control tower was added in 1940. It was the first control tower to have slanted windows, after WWII and into the 1950s, the U. S. The Air Force didnt want to spend years designing and building a new air base, the Air Force and the City of Wichita came to an agreement on price and the building was sold to the Federal Government in 1951. The city bought land, designed and began construction of the new Wichita Municipal airport on the west side of Wichita, both civil and military flights shared the airport until October 1954 when the last commercial flight took off. The Air Force continued to use the building until about 1984 when they shut the doors and it sat empty and partially gutted for at least six years until the Kansas Aviation Museum was formed in 1990 and began work. An application for the building to be placed on the Historic Register was filed on March 6,1990 and was later approved, the outside of the building has been restored but still needs some work. The south part of the building now looks very close to how it looked in 1935, much remains to be done to the inside and millions more will have to be spent to bring it back to its 1930s heyday look. The building is without a one of the most beautiful buildings in Wichita. As of June 2012 efforts to update the museum have stagnated due to lack of funding, the architecture of the building is art deco with its strong and obvious geometric shapes and sharp angles. At the front above the doors to the lobby is the famous Bas-relief of the Spirit of St. Louis crossing the Atlantic with Ireland in sight