Category:Military units and formations of Belarus
Pages in category "Military units and formations of Belarus"
The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 14 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 14 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. 5th Guards Tank Army (Soviet Union) – The 5th Guards Tank Army was a Soviet Guards armored formation which fought in many notable actions during World War II. The army was formed in February 1943, until the aftermath of the Vilnius Offensive in July 1944, it was commanded by Pavel Rotmistrov. Its organisation varied throughout its history, but in general included two or more Guards Tank Corps and one or more Guards Mechanized Corps and it was considered an elite formation. Under Red Army doctrine of deep operations, Tank Armies were primarily to be used for exploitation of major offensives. Tank armies were expected to penetrate up to several hundred kilometers into the enemy rear, after the war, the 5th Guards Tank Army moved to the Belorussian Military District. It was downsized to division size in late 1946 and became an army in 1948. The designation 5th Guards Tank Army was restored in 1957, the army was taken over by the Belarus Ground Forces in June 1992 and became an army corps two months later. The 5th Guards Army Corps was disbanded in 2001 and its headquarters became the headquarters of the Belarus Ground Forces. The 5th Guards Tank Army was formed on 25 February 1943 based on a Stavka order of 10 February 1943 and it was part of the Reserve of the Supreme High Command. The army included the 3rd Guards and 29th Tank Corps, the 5th Guards Mechanized Corps, in 1943, it played a significant role in the Battle of Kursk, being one of the formations tasked with the counter-attack at Prokhorovka. Early in 1944, it took part in the reduction of the Korsun-Cherkassy Pocket, in June 1944, the 5th Guards Tank Army was used as the main exploitation force during the Soviet summer offensive, Operation Bagration. It was then employed in the phase of Operation Bagration. High casualties in this campaign, however, led to the units commander Lieutenant-General Pavel Rotmistrov being relieved of command and replaced with Vasily Volsky. Late in 1944, the 5th Guards Tank Army was committed against 3rd Panzer Army as part of the Baltic Offensive and this left the 5th Guards Tank Army with a single tank corps, the 29th, under its control. This reduction in strength coincided with the hospitalization of the 5th GTAs commanding general, Vasily Volsky, Volsky did not return to the army and Major General Maxim Sinenko took command from 16 March 1945 to the end of the war. After the war, Rotmistrov wrote a memoir and history of the unit, in July 1945, the army was relocated to Slutsk. In February 1946, it moved to Bobruisk and it was stationed in the Belarussian Military District until 1992. Throughout the postwar period it had an almost constant composition of three tank divisions – the 8th Guards and 29th Tank Division (Slutsk, and the 193rd Tank Division, the headquarters was located in Bobruisk
2. 120th Guards Mechanised Brigade – The 120th Guards Mechanised Brigade is a mechanised infantry brigade of the Belarus Ground Forces. It is the heir to the traditions of the Red Army 120th Guards Rifle Division which became the 120th Guards Motor Rifle Division around 1957, the 120th Guards Rifle Division was formed by redesignation of the Red Armys 308th Rifle Division. The 308th Rifle Division was formed in accordance with Order Number 0044 of the Siberian Military District dated 21 March 1942. It was formed at Omsk in the Siberian Military District, using 20% Red Army men, 25% returning wounded veterans, 25% reservists from industry, most of the recruits and reservists came from the Omsk and Krasnoyarsk oblasts. When the division left for the west it had 12,133 officers, the division remained in the Siberian Military District until May 1942 until it was moved to the west. In late May, the division was assigned to the 8th Reserve Army in the Reserve of the Supreme High Command, on 1 June 1942, the division, still with the 8th Reserve Army, was at Saratov. From August 29 to September 6,1942, the division covered at least 300 kilometers on foot, on 1 August 1942 the 308th Rifle Division was part of the 24th Army in the area of Kotluban. The division joined the army on 29 August 1942 when it was assigned to the 24th Army on the Stalingrad Front. The first fight in the division took the 24th Army on the territory of the state farm Kotluban, the division had to seize the hamlet of Borodkin and Heights 133.4,143.8 and 154.2. Division troops backed 217th Tank Brigade,136 mortars, heavy artillery regiment in 1936, the enemy forces unleashed on the division powerful artillery fire, mortars, aircraft and tanks. By the end of September 1942 the division was assigned to the 62nd Army inside Stalingrad, in the fighting at Stalingrad the division arrived came on the night of October 2,1942, under Colonel Leontii Gurtev. Chuikovs 62nd Army, the division seized positions in the area of the Barricades plant, the division was finally pulled out of the city and the 62nd Army in December with only 500 men still assigned to the division. For its actions at Stalingrad September to December 1942 it was awarded the Order of the Red Banner by an order dated 19 June 1943, reassigned to the Volga Military District to be rebuilt, the division spent the next several months reconstituting its strength. By 1 March 1943, the division was shipped back to the front and assigned to the Kalinin Front reserves, the division went back to the front in the 3rd Army of the Bryansk Front in Operation Kutuzov. Distinguishing itself in combat, the division was awarded Guards status, during the remainder of 1943 the division participated in the Orel, Bryansk, and Gomel - Rechitsa operations. As the 308th Rifle Division, the unit had two commanders, Colonel Leontii Nikolaevich Gurtev took over the division on 1 March 1942, was promoted to Major General on 7 December 1942, and was killed in action at Pamanlovo on 3 August 1943. For his actions in taking that town, he became a Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously on 27 August 1943 and his successor as division commander was Colonel Nikolai Kuzmich Maslennikov, who took over officially on 4 August 1943 and was promoted to Major General on 22 September 1943. Maslennikov was commander until the 308th became the 120th Guards Rifle Division in September 1943 in accordance with NKO Order Number 285, the 120th Guards was frequently assigned to the 41st Rifle Corps, 3rd Army, during the war
3. Byelorussian Home Defence – The BKA operated from February 23,1944 to April 28,1945. After the Wehrmacht suffered two major defeats at Stalingrad and at Kursk the Germans made some concessions to the Belarusian collaborators by proposing a Belarusian quasi-state. Assistance was offered by the local governments from the Soviet era. On March 6,1944 the general mobilization of all men born between 1908 and 1924 into the BKA started. Some 40,000 individuals reported to recruitment bureaus set up in seven cities, from each region about 500 to 600 men were recruited, for the total of 28,000 soldiers ready for training. The oath was accepted by the BKA Belarusian commander Ivan Yermachenka, in the presence of the SS, on March 31,1944, the BKA battalions received their individual designations. In total, there were 45 battalions formed, mostly infantry, however, to prevent possible staged desertions to forest people weapons were handed out only during training exercises with nothing to spare. Organization was controlled by the German Police and SD commandants, after training, the main assignments of BKA were the so-called anti-partisan operations in which some 30,000 Jews were killed. The anti-partisan struggle was a mask for the wave of genocide against the Jews led by Dirlewanger. Later, BKA was used at the front against the Red Army, Belarusian Central Rada sent the BKA throughout Belarus except the Pripyat River and around the town of Lida. In mid-June 1944 an officer school for BKA volunteers was started in Minsk, after evacuating Rada to Königsberg and soon to Berlin in November 1944 along with upper echelon, the 1st personnel battalion was formed. Some BKA units retreated to the West, many conscripts quietly went back home to their Belarusian villages. The BCR formed under occupation of Belarus by Nazi Germany existed till late 1980s in the US, most of its members, as members of other organizations, received political asylum as immigrants. Later propagandists hold that the Belarusian Liberation Armies 1st personnel battalion in Berlin in fact was a reserve for the 30th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS. BKA soldiers were not trusted by the Germans, which explains why Russian Liberation Army formations werent sent to the Eastern Front, from materials of the Extraordinary Commission
4. Guards unit – Guards units are elite units and formations in the armed forces of the former Soviet Union and currently in the armed forces of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine. These units were awarded Guards status after distinguishing themselves in service, the Guards designation originated during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, its name coming from the Tsarist Imperial Guard. Belarusian, Гвардыя, Hvardyya, Russian, Гвардия, Gvardiya, Ukrainian, Гвардія, the 100th, 127th, 153rd and 161st Rifle Divisions were renamed into the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Guards Divisions, respectively. By December 31,1941 the 107th, 120th, 64th, 316th, 78th, all artillery units equipped with Katyusha multiple rocket launchers were designated Guards Mortars Units. Some twenty Guards Airborne Brigades were converted into the 11th–16th Guards Rifle Divisions in December 1943, the units and formations nominated for the Soviet Guard title received special Guards banners in accordance with the decision of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. On May 21,1942, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR introduced Guards ranks, in June 1943, they introduced the Guards Red Banners for the land forces, and in February 1944 for the naval forces. After the Second World War a number of Guards troops were stationed in Eastern Europe, for example, since the break-up of the Soviet Union, Guards designations for military units have been retained by Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan. Ukraine retained the Guards designations until 2016, a number of former Soviet republics have national guard branches of their armed forces, including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Divisions of the Soviet Union 1917-1945 has an almost complete list of Soviet Guards divisions List of guards units of Russia List of guards units of Ukraine Russian Guards David Glantz, colossus Reborn, The Red Army at War 1941–43. Russias War, A History of the Soviet Effort, 1941–1945, steven J. Zaloga and James Grandsen. Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two, Red Army Guards, from the U. S
5. 11th Guards Berlin-Carpathian Mechanized Brigade – The 11th Guards Mechanized Brigade is a unit of the Armed Forces of Belarus based in Slonim. The 11th Guards Brigade traces its history back to the 1942 formation of the 6th Tank Corps of the Soviet Army during World War II, the corps fought at Rzhev in 1942 and Kursk in 1943. The 6th Tank Corps commanded the 22nd, 100th, and 200th Tank Brigades, also attached at some periods was the 112th Tank Brigade, later to become the 44th Guards Tank Brigade. On 23 October 1943, the 6th Tank Corps was officially recognized as a combat formation. The 11th Guards Tank Corps was in combat near Kharkov in 1943, the offensive to drive the Germans from Belorussia in 1944, in April 1945 during the Battle of Berlin, the 11th Guards Tank Corps was part of the 1st Guards Tank Army. It commanded the 40th, 44th, and 45th Guards Tank Brigades, the 11th Guards Tank Corps, like all Soviet tank corps, was reorganized as a division on 5 July 1945, and was renamed the 11th Guards Tank Division at Dresden. The 11th Guards Tank Division was part of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, on 6 May 1954, the division was reorganized. The 27th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment became the 27th Guards Mechanized Regiment, the 270th Guards Mortar Regiment and the howitzer artillery battalion became the 841st Guards Artillery Regiment. The 9th Separate Guards Motorcycle Battalion became a reconnaissance battalion, the Chemical Defence Company was created. In June 1957, the division was reorganized again, the 45th Guards Tank Regiment was transferred to the 27th Guards Tank Division. The 7th Guards Heavy Tank Self-Propelled Regiment became a tank unit. The 27th Guards Mechanized Regiment became the 249th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment, in 1960, the 58th Separate Tank Training Battalion was disbanded. The 638th Separate Missile Battalion was activated in 1961, in 1962, the 7th Guards Heavy Tank Regiment became a regular tank regiment. On 19 February 1962, the 61st Separate Equipment Maintenance and Recovery Battalion was activated, in 1968, the 134th Separate Guards Sapper Battalion became an engineer-sapper battalion. The chemical defence company became the 128th Separate Chemical Defence Battalion in 1972, the motor transport battalion became the 1073rd Separate Material Supply Battalion in 1980. In June 1983, the 638th Separate Missile Battalion transferred to the 432nd Missile Brigade, in 1988, the 11th Guards Tank Division was composed of the following units. The divisions 44th Guards Tank Regiment went to Vladimir in the Russian Federation, on its arrival it absorbed the 9th Tank Training Regiment. On 11 August 1992, the division was reorganized and renamed the 11th Guards Mechanized Brigade, the brigade is currently part of the Belarusian Western Operational Command
6. 19th Guards Mechanized Brigade (Belarus) – The 19th Guards Mechanized Brigade is a formation of the Armed Forces of Belarus based in Zaslonovo, a few kilometers east of Lepiel. The 19th Guards Brigade traces its history back to the 1942 formation of the 2nd Guards Mechanized Corps of the Soviet Army during World War II, subsequent designations during the Cold War included 2nd Guards Mechanized Division and 19th Guards Tank Division. Following the Cold War, the 19th Guards Tank Division was relocated to Belarus, thereafter, the unit was reduced to a personnel and equipment cadre unit and titled the 19th Guards Base for Storage of Weapons and Equipment before being upgraded to a mechanized brigade in 2008. Formed in the Tambov area on 15 October 1942 from elements of the 22nd Guards Rifle Division, by the end of the war, the 2nd Guards Mechanized Corps commanded the 4th, 5th, and 6th Guards Mechanized Brigades, as well as the 37th Guards Tank Brigade. The corps fought at Stalingrad in 1942-43, at Melitopol in 1943, Odessa and Budapest in 1944, the 2nd Guards Mechanized Corps finished the war as part of the 6th Guards Tank Army in the area of Benešov, Czechoslovakia, on 9 May 1945. The 2nd Guards Mechanized Corps, like all Soviet mechanized corps, was reorganized as a division in mid-late 1945, the 2nd Guards Mechanized Division was part of the Southern Group of Forces based at Esztergom, Hungary. The division was part of the Soviet forces that crushed the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, on 15 December 1956, the division was reorganized as a tank division and renamed the 19th Guards Tank Division. The 97th Motor Rifle Regiment transferred to the division from the 27th Mechanized Division on the same day, the divisions 87th Guards Heavy Tank Regiment dropped the designation Self-Propelled, also on the same day. The 67th Separate Tank Training Battalion was disbanded in 1960, in 1961 the 99th Separate Missile Battalion was activated. The 74th Separate Equipment Maintenance and Recovery Battalion was formed on 19 February 1962, the 87th Guards Heavy Tank Regiment became a regular tank regiment around this time. In 1968, the 55th Separate Sapper Battalion became an engineer-sapper battalion, the chemical defence company was upgraded to a battalion in 1972. The 1081st Separate Material Supply Battalion formed from the 690th Separate Motor Transport Battalion in 1980, the chemical defence battalion was once again downsized to a company in 1985. On 7 September 1987, the 99th Separate Missile Battalion became part of the 459th Missile Brigade, among other veterans of the unit, Yuri Budanov served with the division in the late 1980s in Hungary. The 87th Guards Tank Regiment, 99th Separate Guards Reconnaissance Battalion and 74th Separate Equipment Maintenance, the division withdrew to Zaslonov and became part of the 7th Tank Army. Following the end of the Cold War, the unit was withdrawn to Zaslonovo in Belarus 1992, at some point following relocation, the division was reorganized and became a Base for Storage of Weapons and Equipment, a partial-strength mechanized infantry formation. One of the equipment storage bases is the 19th, the former 19th Guards Tank Division at Zaslonovo in the Lepiel region, on October 1,2003, the base was considerably strengthened. From other bases of storage of arms and techniques now we are distinguished favorably by new structure, besides a battalion of protection, storage and service, motor-rifle and tank battalions were added. In 2008 the base for storage of weapons and equipment was upgraded into a brigade,2012 reports suggest one-two established manoeuvre battalions
7. North Western Operational Command – The North Western Operational Command is a command of the Belarus Ground Forces. It is headquartered at Borisov and is commanded by Major General Alexander Grigoryevich Volfovich, the command includes a mechanized brigade and a mixed artillery brigade. It was formed in 2001 from the 65th Army Corps, the command traces its lineage to the 65th Army of the Red Army, a field army of the Soviet Union during World War II. It was formed in October 1942 from rebuilding elements of the first formation of the 4th Tank Army on the Don Front. The army was commanded by Pavel Batov until after the fall of Berlin, postwar, the 65th Army was moved to the Belorussian Military District, where it became the 7th Mechanized Army. In 1957 it became the 7th Tank Army, with the Dissolution of the Soviet Union the army became part of the Belarus Ground Forces and was downsized into the 7th Army Corps in 1993. A year later it was renamed the 65th Army Corps, 65th Army then dug in during the three-month lull in operations, towards the northwestern sector of the Kursk salient. Due to its position in the sector of the salient, the 65th emerged mostly unscathed from the Battle of Kursk. In late July and August the Army joined in the pursuit of German forces to the Dnepr River, on 15 Oct. with divisional and army artillery firing 1,000 shells per minute in support, the 193rd Rifle Division forced a crossing of the Dnepr. From this point on, the 65th Army began earning a reputation for its abilities in river-crossing. Rokossovskys command was renamed 1st Belorussian Front, and in June,1944, in a well-known confrontation at the planning stage, Rokossovski convinced Stalin that, given the terrain, it was better to strike two strong blows against the German forces than just one. He was counting on Batovs ability to lead his Army across swampy regions south of Bobruisk, using corduroy roads, swamp shoes, 65th Army did not disappoint, and within a few days the German Ninth Army was encircled and mostly destroyed. For his performance, Batov was promoted to Colonel General, 65th Army crossed the Bug River on July 22, and pushed on to cross the Narev River, north of Warsaw, by Sept.4. Operation Bagration had run out of steam, but Batovs army held off strong German counterattacks against the Narev bridgehead for more two months. Following this, Rokossovski was reassigned to command of 2nd Belorussian Front, a shift in Front boundaries accompanied this, and 65th and 70th Armies became part of his new command. In the following months forces were built up in the Narev bridgehead for an offensive to be launched in January, during the new offensive, 65th Army forced a crossing of the Vistula River in early February. For the Danzig operation the army also had the 66th Guards SU Brigade attached, the Red Armys only heavy SU brigade, a potent force of 60 ISU-122 self-propelled guns. The offensive propelled 65th Army into eastern Germany, finally to the Oder River, near Stettin-an-Oder, officials of the city surrendered to Colonel A. G. Frolenkovs 193rd Rifle Division on Apr